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53
votes
2answers
4k views

Norms of Commutators

If an $n$ by $n$ complex matrix $A$ has trace zero, then it is a commutator, which means that there are $n$ by $n$ matrices $B$ and $C$ so that $A= BC-CB$. What is the order of the best constant ...
35
votes
4answers
3k views

Did Gelfand's theory of commutative Banach algebras influence algebraic geometers?

Guillemin and Sternberg wrote the following in 1987 in a short article called "Some remarks on I.M. Gelfand's works" accompanying Gelfand's Collected Papers, Volume I: The theory of commutative ...
22
votes
1answer
1k views

Szőkefalvi-Nagy's unitarizability theorem in the Calkin algebra?

Here's a research problem, which I think interesting. Suppose that $t$ is an invertible element in the Calkin algebra $\mathcal{Q} = \mathcal{B}(\ell_2)/\mathcal{K}(\ell_2)$ which satisfies $\sup_{n ...
18
votes
1answer
434 views

Kaplansky's conjecture and Martin's axiom

Recall Kaplansky's conjecture which states that every algebra homomorphism from the Banach algebra C(X) (where X is a compact Hausdorff topological space) into any other Banach algebra, is ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

In a Banach algebra, do ab and ba have almost the same exponential spectrum?

Let $A$ be a complex Banach algebra with identity 1. Define the exponential spectrum $e(x)$ of an element $x\in A$ by $$e(x)= \{\lambda\in\mathbb{C}: x-\lambda1 \notin G_1(A)\},$$ where $G_1(A)$ is ...
12
votes
2answers
357 views

Spectra of elements of a Banach algebra and the role played by the Hahn-Banach Theorem.

This problem was posed on Math StackExchange some time ago, but it did not garner any solutions there. I think that it is interesting enough to be posed here on Math Overflow, so here it goes. Let $ ...
11
votes
3answers
842 views

The difference between $l^1(G)$ and the reduced group $C^*$ algebra $C_r^*(G)$

Let $G$ be a group and $l^2(G)$ the Hilbert space on $G$. The complex group algebra $CG$ can be imbedded in $B(l^2(G))$, the set of all bounded linear operators, by left translation. The reduced group ...
11
votes
1answer
318 views

$\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group. Denote the ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Projections in Banach spaces

Dear All, I am absolutely lost in the following problem: Let $P_s, \: s \in [0,1],$ be a uniformly bounded family of projections (idempotents) in a Banach space $X$ such that $P_s P_t = P_{{\rm ...
9
votes
2answers
362 views

Is $\mathcal{B}^{\mathbb{Z}}(l^\infty(\mathbb{Z}))$ a commutative algebra?

Consider $l^\infty(\mathbb{Z})$ the Banach space of bounded complex valued functions on the abelian group $\mathbb{Z}$ with the supremum norm. It has a natural action by $\mathbb{Z}$ given by ...
9
votes
0answers
316 views

Tensorial decomposition of $B(H)$

Let $H$ be an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space and let $\mathcal{B}(H)$ be the (C*/W*-)algebra of bounded operators on it. Actually, you may forget about the involution in $\mathcal{B}(H)$ because I ...
8
votes
1answer
325 views

Injectivity for bimodules and Hochschild cohomology

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and let $X$ be an $A$-bimodule. Is there a notion of (relative) injectivity for $X$ which would imply that $\mathcal{H}^n(A,X)$ vanishes for all $n\ge 1$? Here ...
7
votes
2answers
477 views

C*-algebras with bizzarre structure of projections

This is probably well-known to the experts but I could not find any answer neither in my head nor in the literature: Is there a (unital) C*-algebra such that its projections do not form a lattice ...
7
votes
3answers
600 views

Preduals of B(E)

For a Hilbert space $H$ it is well known that the algebra $B(H)$ has a unique predual; the Banach space of trace class operators. If $E$ is a Banach space then is it known whether $B(E)$ is always ...
7
votes
4answers
644 views

Measures on general topological groups

I am interested in the group algebras of non-locally compact groups. What references can you advise? This is a wide question, so I list more concretely what I would like to see: Here X can be even ...
7
votes
1answer
237 views

characterization of commutative Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with the following property: For every two nets $ x_{\alpha}$ and $y_{\alpha}$ in $A$, $x_{\alpha}y_{\alpha}$ converges if and only if $y_{\alpha}x_{\alpha}$ converges. ...
7
votes
1answer
407 views

Banach Algebra Counterexample

Can someone give me an example of a Banach Algebra which does not have an isometric representation in a Hilbert Space ? (if possible, can you add a proof or a reference ? ) Thank you very much ! ...
6
votes
1answer
357 views

$c_0$-direct sum of $\mathcal{K}(\mathcal{H})$

Let $\mathcal{K}(\mathcal{H})$ be the C*-algebra of compact operators on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. I am interested in the ($c_0$-)sum $A=\sum \mathcal{K}(\mathcal{H})$ of countably many ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

Masas in second duals of Banach algebras

Lel $B$ be a Banach algebra and give $B^{**}$ one of the Arens products in order to make it a Banach algebra. Then the canonical embedding $\kappa\colon B\to B^{\ast\ast}$ is a homomorphic embedding ...
6
votes
1answer
373 views

Gelfand theory Problem

I have 2 problems in Gelfand theory. I shall be thankful for any answers. 1)What is the gelfand spectrum of l^1(N)? A few of the elements are evaluations of functions(defined below) on closed unit ...
6
votes
0answers
616 views

injectivity of Fourier transform: is there algebraic proof?

Let $L$ be the Banach algebra of $L^1$-functions from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{C}$ with $L^1$-norm and convolution as algebra multiplication. Assume that we knew that the homomorphisms from $L$ to ...
5
votes
2answers
522 views

Which Banach algebras are group algebras?

Given a locally compact Hausdorff group $G$, one can construct several Banach star-algebras using $G$ (and its associated Haar measure): $L^1 (G)$, $M(G)$ (regular complex measures on $G$), ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Does there exist any massive proper $C^*$-subalgebra?

Definition 1: Suppose $B$ is a $C^* $-algebra. $A$ is massive $C^* $-subalgebra of $B$ iff 1. $A$ is a subalgebra of $B$; 2. for each irreducible representation $\pi$ of $B$ representation $\pi|_A$ is ...
5
votes
0answers
556 views

Maximal ideals of the rings of Baire- One Functions

A real function $f:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ Is called Baire-one function, if there is a sequence $(f_n)_{n=1} ^\infty$ of continuous functions $f_n:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ on $X$ so that for all ...
4
votes
3answers
628 views

Set of invertible operators in B(H) is connected. Is it true? Is there a reference?

Suppose $H$ is a Hilbert space, $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded linear operators on it, $K(H)$ is ideal of compact operators in $B(H)$, $Inv(B(H)/K(H))$ is the topological group of invertible ...
4
votes
2answers
395 views

When is it $C(X)$?

Suppose that $\tilde{X}$ is a compact space. If $C(\tilde{X})$ is isometrically isomorphic to the second dual of a Banach space, does there exist a locally compact space $X$ such that ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

$Z_{2}$- graded structures for $C_{red} ^{*} (F_{2})$

Let $F_{2}$ be the free group with two generators. Then $F_{2}=\{\text{odd words}\}\sqcup\{\text{even words}\}$. This gives us a $Z_{2}$ graded structure for $C^{*}_{red} (F_{2})$, in a natural way. ...
4
votes
2answers
293 views

Terminology: Banach spaces equipped with continuous associative product?

This is admittedly a low-interest question mathematically, and is arguably a question I could resolve if I had time over the next few days to go and look through a large number of the Banach ...
4
votes
1answer
293 views

Reasonable crossnorm on Banach algebra tensor product constructed from isometric non-degenerate representations

The following is an abstraction of a more specific problem I've been grappling with, so I might give some extra unnecessary information. (The `bounded approximate left identities' assumption is ...
4
votes
1answer
459 views

Unbounded representations of Banach algebras

Can a representation of a Banach algebra be unbounded? To clarify, I'm not asking about a representation as unbounded operators, but rather a homomorphism $\pi: A \to B(H)$ for some Hilbert space ...
4
votes
1answer
603 views

When is a Banach Algebra $C^\star$

I know that if there are enough Hermitian elements in a Banach algebra, then the Banach algebra is stellar. In particular, I'm interested in the two spaces $B(L^1(S^1,\Sigma,\mu))$ the space of ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Exotic uniform algebras

The first non-trivial example of a uniform algebra which comes to mind is the disc algebra $A(\mathbb{D})$. In a similar manner one can define its relatives $P(U)$ and $R(U)$, where $U$ is any region ...
3
votes
1answer
299 views

Example of an infinite dimensional reflexive Banach algebra

If a $C^\ast$-algebra is reflexive (as a Banach space) then it is finite dimensional. Can anyone provide (or give a reference to) a nice example of an infinite dimensional non-commutative Banach ...
3
votes
2answers
282 views

On hyperplanes of $L\infty$

Consider the hyperplane $H=\{f\in L^\infty: \int f = 0\}$ of $L^\infty = L^\infty[0,1]$. My question is: 1. What is the Banach-Mazur distance between $H$ and $L^\infty$? Are there "natural" ...
3
votes
2answers
211 views

Tensoring with a CAR-algebra

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital infinite-dimensional simple separable nuclear $C^{\ast}$-algebras and let $C$ be a CAR-algebra. When does $A\otimes C \simeq B\otimes C$, imply $A\simeq B$? The answer ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Ultraproduct of n-dimensional Banach spaces and algebras

Hi, I am interested in the following question: Fix $n$. Let $M_n$ be matrix algebra over the field of complex numbers with normalized trace $tr_n$. Let $M_n^{\omega}$ be an ultrapover of $M_n$, ...
3
votes
3answers
323 views

uniformity for Banach algebras - a three space property?

Let $A$ be a commutative, unital Banach algebra and $I \subset A$ an ideal such that $I$ with the relative norm is a uniform Banach algebra and $A / I$ with the quotient norm is uniform as well. Does ...
3
votes
1answer
386 views

Factorization in the Wiener algebra on the unit disc.

Consider the Banach algebra $W^+=\ell^1(\mathbb{Z}^+)$, viewed upon as the analytic functions $f$ on the unit disc $\mathbb{D}$ such that $$\|f\|=\sum_{k\ge0}|a_k|<\infty$$ where $$f(z)=\sum ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

Banach algebra for measures induced by Haar measures

It is classical that $L^1(G, m)$ is a Banach algebra when $G$ is a locally compact group with Haar measure $m$ by using the operation of convolution via the integral ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

$f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra $$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...
2
votes
2answers
639 views

Are there good inequalities on the norm?

It's well known that in a Hilbert space, good inequalities exist concerning the norm due to the existence of inner product.Now let X be a general Banach algebra, are there good inequalities concerning ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

Is this a correct interpretation of support in coarse geometry?

Let $X = \mathbb{R}^n$, and consider a nondegenerate representation $\rho: C_0(X) \to B(H)$ where $B(H)$ is the algebra of bounded operators on a separable Hilbert space. The support of a vector $v ...
2
votes
1answer
523 views

spectra of sums in (Banach) algebras

A similar question was already asked in question titled "Spectra of sums and products in (Banach) algebras [was: Spectrum in Banach Algebra]". Answer there led me to the following question. If for ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

ideals in the disk algebra

Let A be the disk algebra, of continuous functions on the closed disk holomorphic on the interior, with sup-norm denoted || . || . Let x be an interior point of the disk. Does there exist a ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Subalgebras of $B(E)$

Let me fix an infinite-dimensional (complex) Banach space $E$. There is a cute result of Bracic and Kuzma which says that every maximal abelian subalgebra of $\mathscr{B}(E)$, the algebra of bounded ...
2
votes
2answers
303 views

Ring isomorphism $\Phi \colon C(X) \to C(Y)$ and zero dimensionality of $X$

We denote the ring of all continuous real-valued functions on $X$ by $C(X)$. The ring of all bounded continuous real valued functions on $X$ is denoted by $C_b(X)$. One of the goals of the study of ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Centralizers and containment of $c_0$

I have this question also in MSE (see: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/666053/centralizers-and-containment-of-c-0), but I have not got an answer there. So I thought I try my luck here. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Bergmann Shilov Boundary vs Peak Points and Strong Boundary Points

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{C}^n$ be a bounded domain. Consider the Banach algebra $A(\Omega):=\mathcal{C}(\overline{\Omega})\cap\mathcal{O}(\Omega).$ Let $\partial_S\Omega$ denote the Bergmann Shilov ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Density of adjoint operators

I am interested in operators on a non-reflexive Banach space. Let $X$ be a Banach space and let $L(X)$ be the algebra of operators acting on $X$. We may embed $L(X)$ into $L(X^{\ast\ast})$ by ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

Holomorphic stability of inverse limit of pre-$C^*$-algebras

Let A be a C*-algebra and let At be a set of dense *-subalgebras of A, stable under holomorphic functional calculus on A, which are also Banach algebras complete with respect to the norms ...