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64
votes
2answers
4k views

Norms of Commutators

If an $n$ by $n$ complex matrix $A$ has trace zero, then it is a commutator, which means that there are $n$ by $n$ matrices $B$ and $C$ so that $A= BC-CB$. What is the order of the best constant ...
49
votes
4answers
4k views

Did Gelfand's theory of commutative Banach algebras influence algebraic geometers?

Guillemin and Sternberg wrote the following in 1987 in a short article called "Some remarks on I.M. Gelfand's works" accompanying Gelfand's Collected Papers, Volume I: The theory of commutative ...
13
votes
1answer
484 views

Operator norms of circulant matrices

The definition and basic properties of circulant matrices can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circulant_matrix. For complex numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_n$, I will use the notation $$ ...
17
votes
1answer
738 views

Kaplansky's conjecture and Martin's axiom

Recall Kaplansky's conjecture which states that every algebra homomorphism from the Banach algebra C(X) (where X is a compact Hausdorff topological space) into any other Banach algebra, is ...
11
votes
2answers
632 views

C*-algebras with bizzarre structure of projections

This is probably well-known to the experts but I could not find any answer neither in my head nor in the literature: Is there a (unital) C*-algebra such that its projections do not form a lattice ...
5
votes
2answers
327 views

Terminology: Banach spaces equipped with continuous associative product?

This is admittedly a low-interest question mathematically, and is arguably a question I could resolve if I had time over the next few days to go and look through a large number of the Banach ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

Root of positive function in Fourier algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, let $A(G)$ be the Fourier algebra of $G$. We think of $A(G)$ as a subalgebra of $C_0(G)$. Question 1: Let $f\in A(G)$ be a function that is pointwise positive. ...
2
votes
2answers
420 views

Banach algebraic proof of the Borsuk Ulam theorem

I am wondering whether there exists a proof of the Borsuk Ulam theorem for the Euclidean n-sphere that is based only on the theory of Banach algebras. I checked on MR but had no success.
7
votes
1answer
273 views

characterization of commutative Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with the following property: For every two nets $ x_{\alpha}$ and $y_{\alpha}$ in $A$, $x_{\alpha}y_{\alpha}$ converges if and only if $y_{\alpha}x_{\alpha}$ converges. ...
5
votes
1answer
230 views

$Z_{2}$- graded structures for $C_{red} ^{*} (F_{2})$

Let $F_{2}$ be the free group with two generators. Then $F_{2}=\{\text{odd words}\}\sqcup\{\text{even words}\}$. This gives us a $Z_{2}$ graded structure for $C^{*}_{red} (F_{2})$, in a natural way. ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Ideal in projective tensor product of Banach algebras [closed]

Let $A,B$ be Banach algebras and $A\hat{\otimes}B$ be projective tensor product of them. Let $S$ be an ideal of $A\hat{\otimes}B$. Are there ideals $I$ of $A$ and $J$ of $B$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

A noncommutative analogy of the tube lemma

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are two unital commutative Banach algebras. Assume that $\phi \in \mathcal{M} (A)$ is an element of the maximal Ideal space. Define $\alpha: A\hat{\otimes} B \to ...