The banach-algebras tag has no wiki summary.

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### Smallest left bounded approximate identity in $L_1(G)\ast\mu$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and $\mu\in M(G)$ be an idempotent measure. If $(e_\alpha)$ is a standard approximate identity of $L_1(G)$, then $(e_\alpha\ast\mu)$ is a left approximate identity ...

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### On existence of right units with control of their norms

Does, there exist a Banach algebra with a family of right units with norms converging to 1, but without right unit of norm 1?

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### On $C_0(\Omega)$-module maps from $L_\infty(\Omega,\mu)$ to $L_q(\Omega,\nu)$

Let $\Omega$ be a locally compact space, and $\mu,\nu\in C_0(\Omega)^*$. By $H_{p,q}^{B}$ (resp. $H_{p,q}^{C}$) we denote the Banach space of continuous $B(\Omega)$-module (resp. $C_0(\Omega)$-module) ...

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### Specific Reference? Noncommutative topology and C^* algebras [closed]

I stumbled across this "dictionary for noncommutative topology" http://planetmath.org/noncommutativetopology
and I would be very interested in learning more on the subject, particularly I'd like to ...

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### $L^{p}(\mathbb R)\subset L^{1}(\mathbb R) \ast L^{p}(\mathbb R), (1< p< \infty)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group.
In 1939, Salem, has shown that, every member of $L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ can written as a product(convolution) some other two members of $L^{1}(\mathbb T),$ that is, ...

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### Fourier Analysis in Kahane and Żelazko's characterization of maximal ideals in commutative Banach algebra

I've been told that Kahane and Żelazko (in A characterization of maximal ideals in commutative Banach algebra's Studia Math 29 1968) use a "non-trivial result" from Fourier analysis in their proof of ...

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### uniformity for Banach algebras - a three space property?

Let $A$ be a commutative, unital Banach algebra and $I \subset A$ an ideal such that $I$ with the relative norm is a uniform Banach algebra and $A / I$ with the quotient norm is uniform as well.
Does ...

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### Regular commutative Banach algebras which are not closed under complex conjugate

Let $A$ be a semisimple commutative Banach algebra with the maximal ideal space $X$. Further, assume that $A$ is regular i.e. for every closed set $E\subseteq X$ and $x\in X\setminus E$, there is some ...

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### Unitization via “End points compactification”

We know that every compactification of locally compact Hausdorff spaces correspond to a unitization of $C^{*}$ algebras. For example the one point compactification corresponds to the minimal ...

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### Existence of certain bounded approximate identity

In trying to follow the proof of Proposition 4.11 in
M. C. White, Injective modules for uniform algebras, Proc. London Math. Soc. 73 (1996) 155--184
there is a part which seems unclear.
Let $I$ be ...

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### $H^s(\mathbb T)$ is a Banach algebra for $s>1/2$

I have not managed to find a reference for the following fact:
$H^s(\mathbb T)$ is a Banach algebra for $s>1/2$.
In particular, I need reference for the following inequality:
$$
\|uv\|_{H^s} ...

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### When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ semisimple?

Let $G$ be locally compact group. Define group algebra as
$$L^1(G)=\{f\colon G\to\Bbb{C}\mid\int\lvert f(x)\rvert\, dx<\infty\}$$
with convolution product. When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ ...

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### Spectrum of a Banach algebra homeomorphic to the spectrum of one of its elements

In G. B. Folland - A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis we can read the following
" (1.15) Proposition. Let be $A$ a (complex) commutative unital Banach algebra with unit $e$, let $x_0 \in A$ and ...

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### Operator norms of circulant matrices

The definition and basic properties of circulant matrices can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circulant_matrix.
For complex numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_n$, I will use the notation
$$
...

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### Injective element of a commutative Banach algebra

A revision:
According to the comment of Nate Eldredge, in order to avoid the triviality, we revise the property $P$.
Assume that $A$ is a commutative unital Banach algebra. Its maximal ideal ...

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### $f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra
$$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...

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### NonCommutative Baire theorem

The classical Baire theorem says that the intersection of a sequence of open dense subsets of $X$, is dense, if the space is compact Hausdorff. In the language of $C^{*}$ algebras this is ...

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### pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$
Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...

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### tensor product of the disc algebra with itself

Let $A=\mathcal{A}(\mathbb{D})$ be the disc algebra. Is there a cross norm on $A\otimes A$, which is compatible to the Banach algebra multiplication, such that the resulting Banach algebra has a ...

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### A noncommutative analogy of the tube lemma

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are two unital commutative Banach algebras. Assume that $\phi \in \mathcal{M} (A)$ is an element of the maximal Ideal space. Define $\alpha: A\hat{\otimes} B \to ...

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### Connected component of the identity in graded banach algebras

I search for a noncommutative idempotent less Banach algebra $A$ which is graded by a finite Abelian group $G$ such that a nontrivial homogenous element lies in the same connected component ...

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### Tauberian theorem from generalized Gelfand transform

Wiener's theorem gives the necessary and sufficient conditions for the set of translates of a set of functions to be dense in $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, which translates algebraically into a statement about ...

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### $Z_{2}$- graded structures for $C_{red} ^{*} (F_{2})$

Let $F_{2}$ be the free group with two generators.
Then $F_{2}=\{\text{odd words}\}\sqcup\{\text{even words}\}$. This gives us a $Z_{2}$ graded structure for $C^{*}_{red} (F_{2})$, in a natural way.
...

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### Amenability of $l^\infty$ [closed]

I'm working on the amenability of some Banach algebras, and I'm wondering why $l^\infty$ is amenable ? Does any one has any idea how to start ?
Thank you in advance.

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### ideals in the disk algebra

Let A be the disk algebra, of continuous functions on the closed disk holomorphic on the interior, with sup-norm denoted || . || . Let x be an interior point of the disk. Does there exist a ...

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### Can we expect $\left\||f|^{2}f-|g|^{2}g\right\|\leq C ||f-g||$ in the Banach algebra $A(\mathbb T)$ ?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$.Consider the space,
$$A(\mathbb T):= \{f\in ...

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### Projections in Banach spaces

Dear All,
I am absolutely lost in the following problem:
Let $P_s, \: s \in [0,1],$ be a uniformly bounded family of projections (idempotents) in a Banach space $X$ such that $P_s P_t = P_{{\rm ...

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### When is it $C(X)$?

Suppose that $\tilde{X}$ is a compact space. If $C(\tilde{X})$ is isometrically isomorphic to the second dual of a Banach space, does there exist a locally compact space $X$ such that ...

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### Centralizers and containment of $c_0$

I have this question also in MSE (see: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/666053/centralizers-and-containment-of-c-0), but I have not got an answer there. So I thought I try my luck here.
Let ...

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### Example of an infinite dimensional reflexive Banach algebra

If a $C^\ast$-algebra is reflexive (as a Banach space) then it is finite dimensional. Can anyone provide (or give a reference to) a nice example of an infinite dimensional non-commutative Banach ...

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### Does there exists $f\in A_{\mathbb R}(\mathbb T)$ with $||f||=r$ such that $||e^{if}||=e^{r}$?

Let $\mathbb Z$, the set of integers, be a group with respect to addition and its dual group is the $\mathbb T = \{z\in \mathbb C : |z|=1\}$ , one dimensional torus. Put,
$\ell^{1}(\mathbb Z)= ...

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### Factorization in Fourier Algebra and its properties

By Schwartz-inequality and Riesz–Fischer theorem, one can deduced that, ($\ast$ stands for a usual convolution )
$$L^{2}(\mathbb T) \ast L^{2}(\mathbb T) = A(\mathbb T)(:= \{f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T): ...

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### Spectra of elements of a Banach algebra and the role played by the Hahn-Banach Theorem.

This problem was posed on Math StackExchange some time ago, but it did not garner any solutions there. I think that it is interesting enough to be posed here on Math Overflow, so here it goes.
Let $ ...

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### Banach algebra of BV functions

I would like to find a reference for the proof that functions of bounded variation make a Banach algebra. Same question for $BV\cap L^\infty$.

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### characterization of commutative Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with the following property:
For every two nets $ x_{\alpha}$ and $y_{\alpha}$ in $A$, $x_{\alpha}y_{\alpha}$ converges if and only if $y_{\alpha}x_{\alpha}$ converges.
...

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### Banach algebra for measures induced by Haar measures

It is classical that $L^1(G, m)$ is a Banach algebra when $G$ is a locally compact group with Haar measure $m$ by using the operation of convolution via the integral
...

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### Let $f \in M^{1,1} (\mathbb R)$ (Feichtinger's algebra /Modulation Space). Can we say $Fof\in M^{1,1}(\mathbb R)$; $F$ is an entire function?

The Modulation space ( Feichtinger's algebra),
$$S_{0} (\mathbb R) = M^{1, 1}(\mathbb R): = \{ f\in L^{2}(\mathbb R) : V_{g}(f) \in L^{1}(\mathbb R^{2}) \};$$
where $V_{g}f (x, w)$ is the short- ...

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### Weak amenability and quasi central bounded approximate identity

Let $\cal A, \cal B$ be a non commutative Banach algebras, and $\cal A$ be weakly amenable and has a
quasi central bounded approximate identity. Let
$T:\cal A\to \cal B$ be an
algebra ...

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### Bounded approximate identity and kernel of algebra homomorphism

Let $\cal A$ be a Banach algebra with a bounded approximate identity, when a closed two sided ideal on it has a bounded approximate identity?
In particular, let $\cal B$ be a Banach algebra with a ...

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### Is $\mathcal{B}^{\mathbb{Z}}(l^\infty(\mathbb{Z}))$ a commutative algebra?

Consider $l^\infty(\mathbb{Z})$ the Banach space of bounded complex valued functions on the abelian group $\mathbb{Z}$ with the supremum norm. It has a natural action by $\mathbb{Z}$ given by ...

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### Banach Isomomorphic Cts Fucntion Algebras for two Non-Homeomorphic Top Spaces?

Can anyone provide me with an example of two non-homeomorphic locally-compact Hausdorff spaces $X$ and $Y$, such that $C(X)$ and $C(Y)$ are isomorphic as Banach algebras. Clearly, the ...

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### Kaplansky's conjecture and Martin's axiom

Recall Kaplansky's conjecture which states that every algebra homomorphism from the Banach algebra C(X) (where X is a compact Hausdorff topological space) into any other Banach algebra, is ...

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### Szőkefalvi-Nagy's unitarizability theorem in the Calkin algebra?

Here's a research problem, which I think interesting.
Suppose that $t$ is an invertible element in the Calkin algebra $\mathcal{Q} = \mathcal{B}(\ell_2)/\mathcal{K}(\ell_2)$ which satisfies $\sup_{n ...

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### $\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group.
Denote the ...

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### In a Banach algebra, do ab and ba have almost the same exponential spectrum?

Let $A$ be a complex Banach algebra with identity 1. Define the exponential spectrum $e(x)$ of an element $x\in A$ by $$e(x)= \{\lambda\in\mathbb{C}: x-\lambda1 \notin G_1(A)\},$$ where $G_1(A)$ is ...

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### Did Gelfand's theory of commutative Banach algebras influence algebraic geometers?

Guillemin and Sternberg wrote the following in 1987 in a short article called "Some remarks on I.M. Gelfand's works" accompanying Gelfand's Collected Papers, Volume I:
The theory of commutative ...

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### Tensoring with a CAR-algebra

Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital infinite-dimensional simple separable nuclear $C^{\ast}$-algebras and let $C$ be a CAR-algebra. When does $A\otimes C \simeq B\otimes C$, imply $A\simeq B$?
The answer ...

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### When can we “displace” an ultrafilter limit with another limit?

Let $\cal A$ be a Banach algebra, $\cal U$ be a free ultrafilter, and $\phi$ be a character. Let ${(w_{\alpha})}_{\alpha}$ be a net in $(\cal A)_{\cal U}$, and suppose that for every $(a_i)\in (\cal ...

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### Banach Algebra Counterexample

Can someone give me an example of a Banach Algebra which does not have an isometric representation in a Hilbert Space ?
(if possible, can you add a proof or a reference ? )
Thank you very much !
...

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### Bergmann Shilov Boundary vs Peak Points and Strong Boundary Points

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{C}^n$ be a bounded domain. Consider the Banach algebra $A(\Omega):=\mathcal{C}(\overline{\Omega})\cap\mathcal{O}(\Omega).$ Let $\partial_S\Omega$ denote the Bergmann Shilov ...