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2
votes
1answer
205 views

Can states on commutative Banach algebras be understood as probability measures?

Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ is a commutative Banach algebra. Is there always a measurable space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$ such that there is a bijective correspondence between states on $\mathcal{A}$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Matrix norm on $L^p$ operator algebras

I have a question about the framework of $L^p$ operator algebras ($1<p<\infty$), i.e. norm-closed subalgebras of $B(L^p(X,\mu))$ for some measure space $(X,\mu)$ (see e.g. ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Characterizations of Wiener algebra

The Wiener algebra $\mathcal W$ is defined as $\text{Fourier}(L^1(\mathbb R))$, i.e. the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R)$. Riemann-Lebesgue's lemma ensures that $$ \mathcal W\subset ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Zero divisors and boundary elements of $A^{-1}$ [closed]

I need to understand basic properties of (a) zero divisors in Banach algebras or rings, and (b) spectral properties of elements of the boundary of the set of invertibles in a complex unital Banach ...
12
votes
2answers
373 views

$\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group. Denote the ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

Holomorphic functional calculus and idempotents

One of the applications of the holomorphic functional calculus is with regard to idempotents. For instance, if an element $a$ in a unital Banach algebra $A$ has spectrum contained in two balls, each ...
45
votes
4answers
3k views

Did Gelfand's theory of commutative Banach algebras influence algebraic geometers?

Guillemin and Sternberg wrote the following in 1987 in a short article called "Some remarks on I.M. Gelfand's works" accompanying Gelfand's Collected Papers, Volume I: The theory of commutative ...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

Can a finite von Neumann algebra be strongly morita equivalent to a properly infinite von neumann algebra?

Can a finite (by finite I mean when the projection $1$ is finite) von Neumann algebra be strongly morita equivalent to a properly infinite von Neumann algebra? (Strong morita equivalence is the same ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Root of positive function in Fourier algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, let $A(G)$ be the Fourier algebra of $G$. We think of $A(G)$ as a subalgebra of $C_0(G)$. Question 1: Let $f\in A(G)$ be a function that is pointwise positive. ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Sum-epimorphisms and prod-monomorphisms

        Sum-epimorphisms A longer time ago I have introduced the bi-onto maps for the topological category. Let me formulate here its general categorical definition: ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Inductive/Projective Limits of Topological Algebras

It is common to form inductive/projective limits of Banach/Frechet spaces in order to come up with natural topologies for common vector spaces. For instance, For $k \ge 0$ and $K_n$ compact ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

How do functions operates in a Fourier algebra $A^{q}(\mathbb T)$?

We put , $A^{q}(\mathbb T)= \{ f\in L^{q}(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in \ell^{q}(\mathbb Z) \}.$ By Helson-Kahane-Katznelson-Rudin Theorem, it follows that, "Let $F$ be a function on $\mathbb C$ and if ...
4
votes
0answers
186 views

Can we obtain a derived category from an additive category? Like a category of Banach modules?

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra, let $A$-mod be the category of left Banach modules (as defined in Helemskii's "Banach and locally convex algebras"), $A$-mod is an additive category, but not abelian ...
7
votes
1answer
556 views

When $C(X)$ is an injective $C(X)$-module? Current answer is erroneous

It is an old question if every injective Banach space is isomorphic as Banach space to $C(X)$-space. I would like to know if the weakened module version of this question is answered. More precisely: ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Can we extend a multiplicative linear functional of a closed left ideal on whole of the algebra?

Let B be a closed left ideal of a Banach algebra A. Also, B has a right approximate identity (in B). If g is a nonzero multiplicative linear functional on B, can we always extend g to a ...
3
votes
0answers
183 views

Is $\mathcal{K}(H)$ injective $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module?

Does anyone know if the right Banach $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module $\mathcal{K}(H)$ is injective? The same question for $\ell_\infty$-module $c_0$. Both these modules are not dual, so standard arguments ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Are norm-continuous representations smooth?

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $A$ a unital Banach algebra. Let us call a map $\varphi:G\to A$ a (norm-)continuous representation, if it is continuous $$ x_i\to x\quad\Longrightarrow\quad ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

A commutative Banach algebra with an abundance of discountinuous functions

Let $A$ be the algebra of all bounded functions from $[0,\;1]$ to $\mathbb{C}$. For $f\in A,\;$ $\omega_{f}$ is the standard oscillation function.. Each of the following two (equivalent) norms ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

C*-Algebras: Dynamics vs. Derivations

Problem Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$. Consider dynamics $\tau:\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$ and $\tau':\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$. (More precisely, strongly continuous ...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

Connected component of the identity in graded banach algebras

I search for a noncommutative idempotent less Banach algebra $A$ which is graded by a finite Abelian group $G$ such that a nontrivial homogenous element lies in the same connected component ...
6
votes
0answers
189 views

What function space does holomorphic functional calculus give us?

Let $A$ be a unital Banach algebra, $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{C}$, and $A_U:=\{x\in A:\sigma(x)\subset U\}$. Holomorphic functional calculus says that any holomorphic function ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Wendel Theorem for center of group algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact SIN-group. Then $ZL^{1}(G)$ has a bounded approximate identity. I want to prove that the multiplier algebra of $ZL^{1}(G)$ is equal to $ZM(G)$ (center of measure algebra). ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Non commutative topological manifolds

Assume that $A$ is a Banach algebra with two closed two sided ideals $I$ and $J$ such that $I$ and $J$ are commutative and $A=I+J$. Does this implies that $A$ is commutative? For the ...
4
votes
1answer
351 views

Reasonable crossnorm on Banach algebra tensor product constructed from isometric non-degenerate representations

The following is an abstraction of a more specific problem I've been grappling with, so I might give some extra unnecessary information. (The `bounded approximate left identities' assumption is ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

ideals in the disk algebra

Let A be the disk algebra, of continuous functions on the closed disk holomorphic on the interior, with sup-norm denoted || . || . Let x be an interior point of the disk. Does there exist a ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Tangent space of the Fourier algebra $A(G)$

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra. Let us call a linear continuous functional $f:A(G)\to{\mathbb C}$ a tangent vector of $A(G)$ in the point $a\in G$, if it satisfies the ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

When is the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ enough close to the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra $B(G)$?

I am reading P.Eymard's paper on the Fourier algebras of locally compact groups, and I have several questions about his constructions. I asked one of them in math.stackexchange, so far without ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

The set of matrices with same spectral radius

I am working on an optimization problem over the set of positive matrices (that is, matrices where all entries are positive numbers) that have the same spectral radius. My main problem is how to ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Smallest left bounded approximate identity in $L_1(G)\ast\mu$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and $\mu\in M(G)$ be an idempotent measure. If $(e_\alpha)$ is a standard approximate identity of $L_1(G)$, then $(e_\alpha\ast\mu)$ is a left approximate identity ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

On existence of right units with control of their norms

Does, there exist a Banach algebra with a family of right units with norms converging to 1, but without right unit of norm 1?
1
vote
0answers
58 views

On $C_0(\Omega)$-module maps from $L_\infty(\Omega,\mu)$ to $L_q(\Omega,\nu)$

Let $\Omega$ be a locally compact space, and $\mu,\nu\in C_0(\Omega)^*$. By $H_{p,q}^{B}$ (resp. $H_{p,q}^{C}$) we denote the Banach space of continuous $B(\Omega)$-module (resp. $C_0(\Omega)$-module) ...
0
votes
3answers
240 views

Specific Reference? Noncommutative topology and C^* algebras [closed]

I stumbled across this "dictionary for noncommutative topology" http://planetmath.org/noncommutativetopology and I would be very interested in learning more on the subject, particularly I'd like to ...
0
votes
0answers
141 views

$L^{p}(\mathbb R)\subset L^{1}(\mathbb R) \ast L^{p}(\mathbb R), (1< p< \infty)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group. In 1939, Salem, has shown that, every member of $L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ can written as a product(convolution) some other two members of $L^{1}(\mathbb T),$ that is, ...
4
votes
3answers
377 views

uniformity for Banach algebras - a three space property?

Let $A$ be a commutative, unital Banach algebra and $I \subset A$ an ideal such that $I$ with the relative norm is a uniform Banach algebra and $A / I$ with the quotient norm is uniform as well. Does ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Regular commutative Banach algebras which are not closed under complex conjugate

Let $A$ be a semisimple commutative Banach algebra with the maximal ideal space $X$. Further, assume that $A$ is regular i.e. for every closed set $E\subseteq X$ and $x\in X\setminus E$, there is some ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Unitization via “End points compactification”

We know that every compactification of locally compact Hausdorff spaces correspond to a unitization of $C^{*}$ algebras. For example the one point compactification corresponds to the minimal ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Existence of certain bounded approximate identity

In trying to follow the proof of Proposition 4.11 in M. C. White, Injective modules for uniform algebras, Proc. London Math. Soc. 73 (1996) 155--184 there is a part which seems unclear. Let $I$ be ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

$H^s(\mathbb T)$ is a Banach algebra for $s>1/2$

I have not managed to find a reference for the following fact: $H^s(\mathbb T)$ is a Banach algebra for $s>1/2$. In particular, I need reference for the following inequality: $$ \|uv\|_{H^s} ...
5
votes
2answers
238 views

When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ semisimple?

Let $G$ be locally compact group. Define group algebra as $$L^1(G)=\{f\colon G\to\Bbb{C}\mid\int\lvert f(x)\rvert\, dx<\infty\}$$ with convolution product. When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Spectrum of a Banach algebra homeomorphic to the spectrum of one of its elements

In G. B. Folland - A Course in Abstract Harmonic Analysis we can read the following " (1.15) Proposition. Let be $A$ a (complex) commutative unital Banach algebra with unit $e$, let $x_0 \in A$ and ...
12
votes
1answer
370 views

Operator norms of circulant matrices

The definition and basic properties of circulant matrices can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circulant_matrix. For complex numbers $a_1,\ldots,a_n$, I will use the notation $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Injective element of a commutative Banach algebra

A revision: According to the comment of Nate Eldredge, in order to avoid the triviality, we revise the property $P$. Assume that $A$ is a commutative unital Banach algebra. Its maximal ideal ...
4
votes
0answers
163 views

$f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra $$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

NonCommutative Baire theorem

The classical Baire theorem says that the intersection of a sequence of open dense subsets of $X$, is dense, if the space is compact Hausdorff. In the language of $C^{*}$ algebras this is ...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

pointwise limit of uniformly bounded sequence in $A(\mathbb T)$ is again in $A(\mathbb T)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group, and $\hat{f}(n)= \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt;$ $(n\in \mathbb Z, f\in L^{1} (\mathbb T)).$ Put $A(\mathbb T)= \{f\in C(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

tensor product of the disc algebra with itself

Let $A=\mathcal{A}(\mathbb{D})$ be the disc algebra. Is there a cross norm on $A\otimes A$, which is compatible to the Banach algebra multiplication, such that the resulting Banach algebra has a ...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

A noncommutative analogy of the tube lemma

Assume that $A$ and $B$ are two unital commutative Banach algebras. Assume that $\phi \in \mathcal{M} (A)$ is an element of the maximal Ideal space. Define $\alpha: A\hat{\otimes} B \to ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Tauberian theorem from generalized Gelfand transform

Wiener's theorem gives the necessary and sufficient conditions for the set of translates of a set of functions to be dense in $L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, which translates algebraically into a statement about ...
5
votes
1answer
221 views

$Z_{2}$- graded structures for $C_{red} ^{*} (F_{2})$

Let $F_{2}$ be the free group with two generators. Then $F_{2}=\{\text{odd words}\}\sqcup\{\text{even words}\}$. This gives us a $Z_{2}$ graded structure for $C^{*}_{red} (F_{2})$, in a natural way. ...
1
vote
2answers
269 views

Amenability of $l^\infty$ [closed]

I'm working on the amenability of some Banach algebras, and I'm wondering why $l^\infty$ is amenable ? Does any one has any idea how to start ? Thank you in advance.