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3
votes
0answers
50 views

Unitizations of Banach algebras and matrix norms

Consider the short exact sequence of Banach algebras $0\rightarrow A\rightarrow A^+\rightarrow\mathbb{C}\rightarrow 0$ where $A$ is a Banach algebra without unit and $A^+$ denotes the unitization of ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

$K$-Theory of finite dimensional Banach algebras

Is there a finite dimensional Banach algebra $A$ for which $K_{0}(A)$ is a finite group? I asked this question in MSE but I received no answer ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

The image of a derivation on a Banach algebra is contained in the kernel of a character

It is known that if $D$ is a continuous derivation on a commutative Banach algebra $\mathcal{A}$, then for any nonzero character $\theta$ on $\mathcal{A}$ we have $D(\mathcal{A})⊆ker\theta $. ...
6
votes
1answer
116 views

Spectral mapping theorem for polynomials in $z,\overline{z}$ and direct construction of the function calculus for a normal operator

Suppose that $A$ is an element in Banach algebra and $p$ is a polynomial. Then we have an equality $p(\sigma(A))=\sigma(p(A))$ where $p(A)$ has an elementary meaning. This theorem (the spectral ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Spectrum of unitary elements of a Banach algebra

Unitary elements of a Banach space have been defined in this paper as follows: Let $A$ be a Banach space and $a\in A, \|a\|=1$. Let $S_{a}=\{f\in A':\|f\|=1=f(a)\}$. Then $a$ is said to be ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Is the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra of a locally compact group semi-simple?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Is the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra $B(G)$ semi-simple?
2
votes
0answers
123 views

Every norm-decreasing algebra morphism $L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ comes from a group representation

In section 8 of this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0611833v3 the author proves the following: If $E$ is a reflexive Banach space, $G$ a locally compact group and $\pi:L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ a ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

Definition of a normed ring

A normed ring "should" be a monoid object in the monoidal category of normed abelian groups. There are (at least) two choices of morphisms of normed groups, namely bounded or short homomorphisms, ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

comparing norms of tensor product of two Hilbert spaces

Suppose $H_1$ and $H_2$ are two Hilbert spaces with dimension $n$ and $m$, for $ x \in H_1 \otimes H_2$ consider $$\|x\|_\pi = \inf \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n \|a_i\| \|b_i\| : x = \sum_{i} a_i \otimes b_i ...
13
votes
0answers
215 views

Is there support for the term “Gelfand algebra”?

In this question Yemon Choi asked whether there is a standard term for Banach algebras for which the submultiplicative law ($\|ab\| \leq \|a\| \|b\|$) is weakened to merely requiring the product to be ...
-3
votes
1answer
94 views

Quotient of a Banach algebra [closed]

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Is there a Banach algebra $B$ and a non-trivial closed ideal $I$ of $B$ such that $\frac{B}{I}\cong A$?
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Semi-simple Banach algebra

Is there an example of an unital commutative semi-simple Banach algebra which it is not amenable?
2
votes
2answers
420 views

Banach algebraic proof of the Borsuk Ulam theorem

I am wondering whether there exists a proof of the Borsuk Ulam theorem for the Euclidean n-sphere that is based only on the theory of Banach algebras. I checked on MR but had no success.
11
votes
1answer
274 views

Is there a Gelfand-Naimark-like characterization of group algebras $L_1(G)$?

The Gelfand-Naimark theorem establishes that a complex commutative Banach algebra $A$ with an identity and an involution $x\to x^*$ satisfying $\|x x^*\|=\|x\|^2$ is (isometrically isomorphic to) a ...
5
votes
2answers
158 views

Infinite topological direct sum of amenable Banach algebra

Is an infinite topological direct sum of amenable Banach algebras amenable again? Can you give me a good reference about this notion? Thanks
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Ideal in projective tensor product of Banach algebras [closed]

Let $A,B$ be Banach algebras and $A\hat{\otimes}B$ be projective tensor product of them. Let $S$ be an ideal of $A\hat{\otimes}B$. Are there ideals $I$ of $A$ and $J$ of $B$ such that ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

One question about the tensor product of $L^1(G)$ and a Banach space $A$

We know that the tensor product of $L^1(G)$ and a Banach space $A$ is isometric to $L^1(G, A)$, the space of all Bochner-integrable $A$-valued functions on a locally compact group $G$. I am looking ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

questions about the proof of the theorem of completely positive order zero maps

I hope my question is ok for mathoverflow. I first asked on math.stackexchange but received no answer and then delated it. I want to understand the proof of the theorem (which you can find in the ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

application of factorization theorem

Young's inequlity tells us that $L^{1}(\mathbb R)\ast L^{p}(\mathbb R) \subset L^{p}(\mathbb R)$ with norm inequality $$\|f\ast g\|_{L^{p}} \leq \|f\|_{L^1}\|g\|_{L^p};$$ and of course this ...
10
votes
1answer
247 views

Theory of C* algebras over other fields than the complex numbers

How much of the theory of C*-algebras holds when the complex numbers are replaced by different (algebraically closed) field (possibly with a distinguished ordered subfield that satisfies the same ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

Can states on commutative Banach algebras be understood as probability measures?

Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ is a commutative Banach algebra (over $\mathbb{R}$) or commutative Banach *-algebra (over $\mathbb{C}$). Is there always a measurable space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$ such that there ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Matrix norm on $L^p$ operator algebras

I have a question about the framework of $L^p$ operator algebras ($1<p<\infty$), i.e. norm-closed subalgebras of $B(L^p(X,\mu))$ for some measure space $(X,\mu)$ (see e.g. ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Characterizations of Wiener algebra

The Wiener algebra $\mathcal W$ is defined as $\text{Fourier}(L^1(\mathbb R))$, i.e. the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R)$. Riemann-Lebesgue's lemma ensures that $$ \mathcal W\subset ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

Holomorphic functional calculus and idempotents

One of the applications of the holomorphic functional calculus is with regard to idempotents. For instance, if an element $a$ in a unital Banach algebra $A$ has spectrum contained in two balls, each ...
7
votes
1answer
289 views

Can a finite von Neumann algebra be strongly morita equivalent to a properly infinite von neumann algebra?

Can a finite (by finite I mean when the projection $1$ is finite) von Neumann algebra be strongly morita equivalent to a properly infinite von Neumann algebra? (Strong morita equivalence is the same ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

Root of positive function in Fourier algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, let $A(G)$ be the Fourier algebra of $G$. We think of $A(G)$ as a subalgebra of $C_0(G)$. Question 1: Let $f\in A(G)$ be a function that is pointwise positive. ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

Sum-epimorphisms and prod-monomorphisms

        Sum-epimorphisms A longer time ago I have introduced the bi-onto maps for the topological category. Let me formulate here its general categorical definition: ...
1
vote
0answers
181 views

Inductive/Projective Limits of Topological Algebras

It is common to form inductive/projective limits of Banach/Frechet spaces in order to come up with natural topologies for common vector spaces. For instance, For $k \ge 0$ and $K_n$ compact ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

How do functions operates in a Fourier algebra $A^{q}(\mathbb T)$?

We put , $A^{q}(\mathbb T)= \{ f\in L^{q}(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in \ell^{q}(\mathbb Z) \}.$ By Helson-Kahane-Katznelson-Rudin Theorem, it follows that, "Let $F$ be a function on $\mathbb C$ and if ...
4
votes
0answers
209 views

Can we obtain a derived category from an additive category? Like a category of Banach modules?

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra, let $A$-mod be the category of left Banach modules (as defined in Helemskii's "Banach and locally convex algebras"), $A$-mod is an additive category, but not abelian ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Can we extend a multiplicative linear functional of a closed left ideal on whole of the algebra?

Let B be a closed left ideal of a Banach algebra A. Also, B has a right approximate identity (in B). If g is a nonzero multiplicative linear functional on B, can we always extend g to a ...
3
votes
0answers
209 views

Is $\mathcal{K}(H)$ injective $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module?

Does anyone know if the right Banach $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module $\mathcal{K}(H)$ is injective? The same question for $\ell_\infty$-module $c_0$. Both these modules are not dual, so standard arguments ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Are norm-continuous representations smooth?

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $A$ a unital Banach algebra. Let us call a map $\varphi:G\to A$ a (norm-)continuous representation, if it is continuous $$ x_i\to x\quad\Longrightarrow\quad ...
2
votes
1answer
297 views

A commutative Banach algebra with an abundance of discountinuous functions

Let $A$ be the algebra of all bounded functions from $[0,\;1]$ to $\mathbb{C}$. For $f\in A,\;$ $\omega_{f}$ is the standard oscillation function.. Each of the following two (equivalent) norms ...
7
votes
1answer
591 views

When $C(X)$ is an injective $C(X)$-module? Current answer is erroneous

It is an old question if every injective Banach space is isomorphic as Banach space to $C(X)$-space. I would like to know if the weakened module version of this question is answered. More precisely: ...
4
votes
1answer
229 views

C*-Algebras: Dynamics vs. Derivations

Problem Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$. Consider dynamics $\tau:\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$ and $\tau':\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$. (More precisely, strongly continuous ...
6
votes
0answers
254 views

What function space does holomorphic functional calculus give us?

Let $A$ be a unital Banach algebra, $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{C}$, and $A_U:=\{x\in A:\sigma(x)\subset U\}$. Holomorphic functional calculus says that any holomorphic function ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

Non commutative topological manifolds

Assume that $A$ is a Banach algebra with two closed two sided ideals $I$ and $J$ such that $I$ and $J$ are commutative and $A=I+J$. Does this implies that $A$ is commutative? For the ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Wendel Theorem for center of group algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact SIN-group. Then $ZL^{1}(G)$ has a bounded approximate identity. I want to prove that the multiplier algebra of $ZL^{1}(G)$ is equal to $ZM(G)$ (center of measure algebra). ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Tangent space of the Fourier algebra $A(G)$

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra. Let us call a linear continuous functional $f:A(G)\to{\mathbb C}$ a tangent vector of $A(G)$ in the point $a\in G$, if it satisfies the ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

When is the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ enough close to the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra $B(G)$?

I am reading P.Eymard's paper on the Fourier algebras of locally compact groups, and I have several questions about his constructions. I asked one of them in math.stackexchange, so far without ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

The set of matrices with same spectral radius

I am working on an optimization problem over the set of positive matrices (that is, matrices where all entries are positive numbers) that have the same spectral radius. My main problem is how to ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Smallest left bounded approximate identity in $L_1(G)\ast\mu$

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and $\mu\in M(G)$ be an idempotent measure. If $(e_\alpha)$ is a standard approximate identity of $L_1(G)$, then $(e_\alpha\ast\mu)$ is a left approximate identity ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

On existence of right units with control of their norms

Does, there exist a Banach algebra with a family of right units with norms converging to 1, but without right unit of norm 1?
1
vote
0answers
62 views

On $C_0(\Omega)$-module maps from $L_\infty(\Omega,\mu)$ to $L_q(\Omega,\nu)$

Let $\Omega$ be a locally compact space, and $\mu,\nu\in C_0(\Omega)^*$. By $H_{p,q}^{B}$ (resp. $H_{p,q}^{C}$) we denote the Banach space of continuous $B(\Omega)$-module (resp. $C_0(\Omega)$-module) ...
0
votes
3answers
266 views

Specific Reference? Noncommutative topology and C^* algebras [closed]

I stumbled across this "dictionary for noncommutative topology" http://planetmath.org/noncommutativetopology and I would be very interested in learning more on the subject, particularly I'd like to ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

$L^{p}(\mathbb R)\subset L^{1}(\mathbb R) \ast L^{p}(\mathbb R), (1< p< \infty)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group. In 1939, Salem, has shown that, every member of $L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ can written as a product(convolution) some other two members of $L^{1}(\mathbb T),$ that is, ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Regular commutative Banach algebras which are not closed under complex conjugate

Let $A$ be a semisimple commutative Banach algebra with the maximal ideal space $X$. Further, assume that $A$ is regular i.e. for every closed set $E\subseteq X$ and $x\in X\setminus E$, there is some ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Unitization via “End points compactification”

We know that every compactification of locally compact Hausdorff spaces correspond to a unitization of $C^{*}$ algebras. For example the one point compactification corresponds to the minimal ...
3
votes
1answer
320 views

Existence of certain bounded approximate identity

In trying to follow the proof of Proposition 4.11 in M. C. White, Injective modules for uniform algebras, Proc. London Math. Soc. 73 (1996) 155--184 there is a part which seems unclear. Let $I$ be ...