An automorphic form is a well-behaved function from a topological group G to the complex numbers (or complex vector space) which is invariant under the action of a discrete subgroup \Gamma \subset G of the topological group. Automorphic forms are a generalization of the idea of periodic functions in ...

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What are the local Langlands conjectures nowadays, for connected reductive groups over a $p$-adic field?

Let me stress that I am only interested in $p$-adic fields in this question, for reasons that will become clear later. Let me also stress that in some sense I am basically assuming that the reader ...
38
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2answers
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Langlands in dimension 2: the Yoshida conjecture

Background: One prominent part of the Langlands program is the conjecture that all motives are automorphic. It is of interest to consider special cases that are more precise, if less sweeping. ...
36
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1answer
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What is the status of Arthur's book?

Arthur's long-awaited book project is now published (The endoscopic classification of representations: orthogonal and symplectic groups). However, in the book he takes some things for granted: The ...
33
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6answers
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How is representation theory used in modular/automorphic forms?

There is certainly an abundance of advanced books on Galois representations and automorphic forms. What I'm wondering is more simple: What is the basic connection between modular forms and ...
33
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3answers
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Are there motives which do not, or should not, show up in the cohomology of any Shimura variety?

Let $F$ be a real quadratic field and let $E/F$ be an elliptic curve with conductor 1 (i.e. with good reduction everywhere; these things can and do exist) (perhaps also I should assume E has no CM, ...
33
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1answer
942 views

What can topological modular forms do for number theory?

Topological modular forms ($TMF$) have in the recent years made an impact in algebraic topology. Roughly, the spectrum $tmf$ is the (derived) global sections of the sheaf of $E_\infty$ ring spectra ...
30
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3answers
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What is the difference between an automorphic form and a modular form?

This is more of a question about terminology than about math. The term "automorphic form" is clearly a generalization of the term "modular form." What is not clear is exactly which generalization it ...
30
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3answers
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Underlying idea for (automorphic) L-function?

Edit: So with a few more months of math under my belt, I recognize some of the issues with this question. I still hope for an answer, so let me say a few things. Within the Langlands philosophy, ...
26
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5answers
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Where stands functoriality in 2009?

Robert Langlands is famous in number theory for making famous and deep conjectures about very abstract things called automorphic forms, somewhere in the 60s. There's a very interesting article by ...
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How badly can strong multiplicity one fail in the theory of automorphic representations?

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a global field $k$, and let $\pi=\otimes_w\pi_w$ and $\pi'=\otimes_w\pi'_w$ be two automorphic representations for $G$, where here of course $w$ is ranging ...
18
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2answers
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Understanding the “idea” behind Langlands

Apologies in advance if this is a bit too simple to ask here, but I think I'm probably more likely to get an answer here than at stackexchange. I've been trying to learn the basics of the Langlands ...
17
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3answers
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Questions about the Bernstein center of a $p$-adic reductive group

Dear all, The "Bernstein center" of a $p$-adic reductive group appears frequently in the literature of automorphic forms, often without a precise definition. For example, in page 233 of ...
17
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Meromorphic continuation of Eisenstein series

I am interested what kind of (different) proofs of meromorphic continuation Eisenstein series (for general parabolic subgroups) exist in the literature? The only one I understand well, is Bernstein's ...
17
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2answers
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Overview of automorphic representations for $SL(2)/{\mathbf{Q}}$?

In short: what does Labesse-Langlands say? Slightly more precise: what are the cuspidal automorphic representations of $SL_2(\mathbf{A}_{\mathbf{Q}})$, together with multiplicities? Let's say that I ...
16
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1answer
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Are there Maass forms where the expected Galois representation is $\ell$-adic?

Recall that by theorems of Deligne and Deligne--Serre, there is the following dichotomy: Modular forms on the upper half plane of level $N$ and weight $k\geq 2$ correspond to representations ...
16
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2answers
348 views

what is the equivalent of the Euler constant for higher dimensional lattices

Let $\Lambda$ be a unimodular lattice in $\mathbb R^d$. Then there are constants such that $$\sum_{\substack{\gamma\in \Lambda\\0<|\gamma|<R\\}} \frac{1}{|\gamma|^d} = c_1 \log R + c_2 + ...
16
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1answer
619 views

Is a reductive adelic group a Type I group?

I foresee that to experts of automorphic forms this question will sound unimportant or useless or even not worthy of an answer; but none of these are going to stop me from asking it! The question is ...
16
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3answers
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Non-vanishing of p-adic L-functions

In Non-vanishing of L-series of modular forms (easy case?) it was answered that for a cuspidal newform $f$ of weight strictly greater than 2, then $L(f,1)$ is non-zero. (Here the $L$-series is ...
15
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2answers
844 views

Why isn't meromorphic continuation enough for converse theorems?

This is a very naive question which really does little more than highlight my ignorance of how converse theorems really work. Take an algebraic gadget which should be conjecturally associated to an ...
15
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3answers
729 views

Why only half-integral weight automorphic forms?

Why is that the theory of automorphic forms concentrates on the case of half-integral weight? I read in Borel's book "Automorphic forms on $SL_2$" (Section 18.5) that by considering the finite or ...
15
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2answers
688 views

Do we care about multiple zeta functions?

Coming from a number-theoretic background, I certainly care about $L$-functions and in particular automorphic ones. For automorphic forms on $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) \backslash SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, ...
15
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1answer
857 views

What is the Twisted Trace Formula?

I am studying the trace formula using "An Introduction to the Trace Formula" by James Arthur. I would like to understand the twisted trace formula, but unfortunately I never came across a good ...
14
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3answers
724 views

There is no lattice in PSL(2,R) which contains PSL(2,Z) properly?

How can I see that there is no lattice in $G=\mathrm{PSL}_2( \mathbb{R})$ which contains $\Gamma_1=\mathrm{PSL}_2( \mathbb{Z})$ properly, or equivalently, that $X_1 =\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{Z}) ...
14
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3answers
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Constructing coherent sheaves on Shimura varieties.

Let me first run through the setting of my question in an example I understand well; that of modular curves. If $Y_1(N)$ denotes the usual modular curve over the complexes, the quotient of the upper ...
14
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3answers
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Nonvanishing of central L-values of quadratic twists?

Let $\pi$ be a cuspidal automorphic representation of GL(2) over a number field (if you want, assume it's $\mathbb Q$ and $\pi$ comes from a holomorphic modular form). In the case $\pi$ has trivial ...
14
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1answer
717 views

Even Galois representations “mod p”

Consider an irreducible $\mathrm{mod}$ $p$ representation: $$\rho: \mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})\to\mathrm{GL}_2(\bar{\mathbb{F}}_p)$$ If $\rho$ is odd, it was conjectured by Serre in ...
13
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2answers
433 views

Elliptic curves and supercuspidal representations of conductor $p^2$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime of additive reduction for $E$. Let $f$ be the newform associated to $E$, and let $\pi$ be the irreducible admissible ...
13
votes
2answers
766 views

What's the status of Arthur's announced classification for GSp(4)?

In "Automorphic representations of GSp(4)" (2004) (see http://www.math.toronto.edu/arthur/), James Arthur announces a classification of discrete automorphic representations of GSp(4). There are no ...
13
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2answers
611 views

The status of automorphic induction

Background: Let $K/F$ be a degree $r$ extension of number fields. It is conjectured that an automorphic representation of GL$_n$ associated to $K$ induces an automorphic representation of GL$_{rn}$ ...
12
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2answers
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New Geometric Methods in Number Theory and Automorphic Forms

The MSRI is organising a programme with the above title from Aug 11, 2014 to Dec 12, 2014. Here is a short description from their website : The branches of number theory most directly related ...
12
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4answers
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Where do the real analytic Eisenstein series live?

In obtaining the spectral decomposition of $L^2(\Gamma \backslash G)$ where $G=SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, and $\Gamma$ is an arithmetic subgroup (I am satisfied with $\Gamma = SL (2,\mathbb{Z})$) we have a ...
12
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1answer
261 views

To what extent are modular parametrizations expected to generalize?

By the Modularity Theorem (a.k.a. the Shimura--Taniyama--Weil Conjecture), if $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\textbf{Q}$ with conductor $N$, then there exists a “modular parametrization” $\psi: X_0(N) ...
12
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1answer
362 views

Hecke-module structure implicit in definition of automorphic forms in Borel-Jacquet's Corvallis article

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a number field $F$, $G_\infty=\prod_{v\mid\infty} G(F_v)$, $\mathbf{A}$ the adèles of $F$, $\mathbf{A}_f$ the finite adèles of $F$. Fix a maximal compact ...
12
votes
1answer
286 views

Definition of discrete spectrum and continuous and basic properties

I apologize if this is too basic for MO. I have an embarrassing admission to make: I don't know the actual definition of the discrete/continuous spectrum of a reductive group $G/\mathbb{Q}$ (in the ...
12
votes
1answer
848 views

Which L-functions are not “Langlands-Shahidi L-functions”?

The Langlands-Shahidi method, among other things, obtains certain L-functions from the constant term of Eisenstein series attached to so-called $(G,M)$ pairs, where $G$ is a reductive group, $M$ a ...
12
votes
0answers
283 views

No Siegel-Landau zeros for $\mathrm{GL}(n)$

The problem of non-existance of Siegel-Landau zeros seems to be uncharacteristically easier for cuspidal automorphic representations $\pi$ on $\mathrm{GL}(n)$ if $n\geq2$. We have in fact: There ...
12
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0answers
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Why doesn't functoriality immediately imply the modularity theorem?

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve. By the modularity theorem, the prime indexed coefficients of its $L$-function agree with those of a weight $2$ cusp eigenform $f$ with integer coefficients. ...
11
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4answers
424 views

Growth of smallest closed geodesic in congruence subgroups?

Let $\Gamma$ be one of the classical congruence subgroups $\Gamma_0(N)$, $\Gamma_1(N)$ and $\Gamma(N)$ of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$. How does the lower bound for the length of primitive geodesics on ...
11
votes
3answers
560 views

Philosophy behind cohomological representations

For a given real reductive Lie group $G$, we have the notion of a representation being cohomological using the Lie algebra cohomology. In particular we know that the discrete series representations of ...
11
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1answer
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Which Shimura varieties are known to be automorphic?

This seems like something that should be well-known, but as an outsider to the field, I'm having trouble locating precise statements. Hasse-Weil zeta functions of Shimura varieties should be ...
11
votes
2answers
476 views

Langlands' original observation about Ramanujan conjecture

Obviously functoriality of arbitrary high symmetric power lifts of automorphic forms on GL(2) will lead to the Ramanujan conjecture. But I guess that is too strong for Ramanujan. I came across some ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Most understandable notes on Jacquet-Langlands?

I am particularly interested in the comparison of the trace formula part of Jacquet-Langlands. But I found the original text hard to read.
11
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1answer
740 views

Double coset spaces of reductive groups and integral representations of L-functions

Let $G$ be a reductive group over a number field $k$, with center $Z$. Let $P$ be a parabolic subgroup. Let $H$ be a reductive subgroup of $G$. To what extent can we understand the double coset space ...
11
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1answer
320 views

What can the theory of automorphic forms for $SL(n,\mathbb{Z})$ say about $SL(n,\mathbb{Z})$?

While reading "Automorphic Forms and L-functions for the Group $GL(n,R)$" by D. Goldfeld, I've got a feeling that linear groups over $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{Z}$ are considered only as technical ...
11
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1answer
281 views

Non-algebraic Hecke characters

Algebraic Hecke characters are ubiquitous in modern number theory. They are in 1-1 correspondence with one dimensional complex Galois representations, and in some precise sense they are the building ...
11
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1answer
934 views

Simple explicit example of local Jacquet-Langlands theorem for inner forms of GL(n), and consequences

This one will be very easy for the experts. Let $F$ be a nonarch local field, let $n\geq1$ be an integer, choose $0\leq d<n$ and let $D$ be the central simple algebra over $F$ with invariant $d/n$ ...
11
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0answers
199 views

Are Hecke eigenvalues on the cohomology of the Newton polygon strata automorphic?

Fix a genus $g$, a prime $p$, and a Newton polygon $\Delta$ of an abelian variety of genus $g$. Let $\mathcal A_{g, \overline{\mathbb F}_p, \Delta}$ be the moduli stack of abelian varieties of genus ...
10
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2answers
643 views

Is there a canonical notion of “mod-l automorphic representation”?

As the title says. In particular, I am interested in the story for a general reductive group $G$, say defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. I can imagine that mod-$\ell$ (algebraic) automorphic representation ...
10
votes
2answers
876 views

modular form Fourier coefficients and associated automorphic representation

Hi, Let $f$ be a cuspidal modular form of some weight and level $N$. Then it determines an irreducible automorphic representation $\pi = \bigotimes'\pi_p$ of $GL_2(\mathbf Q)$. Let $f = \sum_i a_i ...
10
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p-adic L-functions

For modular forms, it is known that you can construct p-adic L-functions by interpolating (p-power conductor) twists of their associated L-functions at special values. Similarly, Kubota-Leopoldt's ...