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51
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7answers
4k views

What are the local Langlands conjectures nowadays, for connected reductive groups over a $p$-adic field?

Let me stress that I am only interested in $p$-adic fields in this question, for reasons that will become clear later. Let me also stress that in some sense I am basically assuming that the reader ...
38
votes
2answers
2k views

Langlands in dimension 2: the Yoshida conjecture

Background: One prominent part of the Langlands program is the conjecture that all motives are automorphic. It is of interest to consider special cases that are more precise, if less sweeping. ...
32
votes
1answer
773 views

What can topological modular forms do for number theory?

Topological modular forms ($TMF$) have in the recent years made an impact in algebraic topology. Roughly, the spectrum $tmf$ is the (derived) global sections of the sheaf of $E_\infty$ ring spectra ...
31
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there motives which do not, or should not, show up in the cohomology of any Shimura variety?

Let $F$ be a real quadratic field and let $E/F$ be an elliptic curve with conductor 1 (i.e. with good reduction everywhere; these things can and do exist) (perhaps also I should assume E has no CM, ...
30
votes
6answers
4k views

How is representation theory used in modular/automorphic forms?

There is certainly an abundance of advanced books on Galois representations and automorphic forms. What I'm wondering is more simple: What is the basic connection between modular forms and ...
28
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between an automorphic form and a modular form?

This is more of a question about terminology than about math. The term "automorphic form" is clearly a generalization of the term "modular form." What is not clear is exactly which generalization it ...
27
votes
3answers
1k views

Underlying idea for (automorphic) L-function?

Edit: So with a few more months of math under my belt, I recognize some of the issues with this question. I still hope for an answer, so let me say a few things. Within the Langlands philosophy, ...
26
votes
5answers
4k views

Where stands functoriality in 2009?

Robert Langlands is famous in number theory for making famous and deep conjectures about very abstract things called automorphic forms, somewhere in the 60s. There's a very interesting article by ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Understanding the “idea” behind Langlands

Apologies in advance if this is a bit too simple to ask here, but I think I'm probably more likely to get an answer here than at stackexchange. I've been trying to learn the basics of the Langlands ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

How badly can strong multiplicity one fail in the theory of automorphic representations?

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a global field $k$, and let $\pi=\otimes_w\pi_w$ and $\pi'=\otimes_w\pi'_w$ be two automorphic representations for $G$, where here of course $w$ is ranging ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Questions about the Bernstein center of a $p$-adic reductive group

Dear all, The "Bernstein center" of a $p$-adic reductive group appears frequently in the literature of automorphic forms, often without a precise definition. For example, in page 233 of ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Non-vanishing of p-adic L-functions

In Non-vanishing of L-series of modular forms (easy case?) it was answered that for a cuspidal newform $f$ of weight strictly greater than 2, then $L(f,1)$ is non-zero. (Here the $L$-series is ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Meromorphic continuation of Eisenstein series

I am interested what kind of (different) proofs of meromorphic continuation Eisenstein series (for general parabolic subgroups) exist in the literature? The only one I understand well, is Bernstein's ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Overview of automorphic representations for $SL(2)/{\mathbf{Q}}$?

In short: what does Labesse-Langlands say? Slightly more precise: what are the cuspidal automorphic representations of $SL_2(\mathbf{A}_{\mathbf{Q}})$, together with multiplicities? Let's say that I ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there Maass forms where the expected Galois representation is $\ell$-adic?

Recall that by theorems of Deligne and Deligne--Serre, there is the following dichotomy: Modular forms on the upper half plane of level $N$ and weight $k\geq 2$ correspond to representations ...
15
votes
2answers
815 views

Why isn't meromorphic continuation enough for converse theorems?

This is a very naive question which really does little more than highlight my ignorance of how converse theorems really work. Take an algebraic gadget which should be conjecturally associated to an ...
15
votes
1answer
541 views

Is a reductive adelic group a Type I group?

I foresee that to experts of automorphic forms this question will sound unimportant or useless or even not worthy of an answer; but none of these are going to stop me from asking it! The question is ...
15
votes
3answers
667 views

Why only half-integral weight automorphic forms?

Why is that the theory of automorphic forms concentrates on the case of half-integral weight? I read in Borel's book "Automorphic forms on $SL_2$" (Section 18.5) that by considering the finite or ...
14
votes
3answers
697 views

There is no lattice in PSL(2,R) which contains PSL(2,Z) properly?

How can I see that there is no lattice in $G=\mathrm{PSL}_2( \mathbb{R})$ which contains $\Gamma_1=\mathrm{PSL}_2( \mathbb{Z})$ properly, or equivalently, that $X_1 =\mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{Z}) ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Constructing coherent sheaves on Shimura varieties.

Let me first run through the setting of my question in an example I understand well; that of modular curves. If $Y_1(N)$ denotes the usual modular curve over the complexes, the quotient of the upper ...
14
votes
1answer
752 views

What is the Twisted Trace Formula?

I am studying the trace formula using "An Introduction to the Trace Formula" by James Arthur. I would like to understand the twisted trace formula, but unfortunately I never came across a good ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Nonvanishing of central L-values of quadratic twists?

Let $\pi$ be a cuspidal automorphic representation of GL(2) over a number field (if you want, assume it's $\mathbb Q$ and $\pi$ comes from a holomorphic modular form). In the case $\pi$ has trivial ...
13
votes
2answers
361 views

Elliptic curves and supercuspidal representations of conductor $p^2$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime of additive reduction for $E$. Let $f$ be the newform associated to $E$, and let $\pi$ be the irreducible admissible ...
13
votes
2answers
683 views

What's the status of Arthur's announced classification for GSp(4)?

In "Automorphic representations of GSp(4)" (2004) (see http://www.math.toronto.edu/arthur/), James Arthur announces a classification of discrete automorphic representations of GSp(4). There are no ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Where do the real analytic Eisenstein series live?

In obtaining the spectral decomposition of $L^2(\Gamma \backslash G)$ where $G=SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, and $\Gamma$ is an arithmetic subgroup (I am satisfied with $\Gamma = SL (2,\mathbb{Z})$) we have a ...
12
votes
1answer
328 views

Hecke-module structure implicit in definition of automorphic forms in Borel-Jacquet's Corvallis article

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a number field $F$, $G_\infty=\prod_{v\mid\infty} G(F_v)$, $\mathbf{A}$ the adèles of $F$, $\mathbf{A}_f$ the finite adèles of $F$. Fix a maximal compact ...
12
votes
0answers
1k views

Why doesn't functoriality immediately imply the modularity theorem?

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve. By the modularity theorem, the prime indexed coefficients of its $L$-function agree with those of a weight $2$ cusp eigenform $f$ with integer coefficients. ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

New Geometric Methods in Number Theory and Automorphic Forms

The MSRI is organising a programme with the above title from Aug 11, 2014 to Dec 12, 2014. Here is a short description from their website : The branches of number theory most directly related ...
11
votes
4answers
412 views

Growth of smallest closed geodesic in congruence subgroups?

Let $\Gamma$ be one of the classical congruence subgroups $\Gamma_0(N)$, $\Gamma_1(N)$ and $\Gamma(N)$ of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$. How does the lower bound for the length of primitive geodesics on ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Which Shimura varieties are known to be automorphic?

This seems like something that should be well-known, but as an outsider to the field, I'm having trouble locating precise statements. Hasse-Weil zeta functions of Shimura varieties should be ...
11
votes
2answers
418 views

Langlands' original observation about Ramanujan conjecture

Obviously functoriality of arbitrary high symmetric power lifts of automorphic forms on GL(2) will lead to the Ramanujan conjecture. But I guess that is too strong for Ramanujan. I came across some ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Most understandable notes on Jacquet-Langlands?

I am particularly interested in the comparison of the trace formula part of Jacquet-Langlands. But I found the original text hard to read.
11
votes
1answer
679 views

Double coset spaces of reductive groups and integral representations of L-functions

Let $G$ be a reductive group over a number field $k$, with center $Z$. Let $P$ be a parabolic subgroup. Let $H$ be a reductive subgroup of $G$. To what extent can we understand the double coset space ...
11
votes
1answer
294 views

What can the theory of automorphic forms for $SL(n,\mathbb{Z})$ say about $SL(n,\mathbb{Z})$?

While reading "Automorphic Forms and L-functions for the Group $GL(n,R)$" by D. Goldfeld, I've got a feeling that linear groups over $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{Z}$ are considered only as technical ...
11
votes
1answer
867 views

Simple explicit example of local Jacquet-Langlands theorem for inner forms of GL(n), and consequences

This one will be very easy for the experts. Let $F$ be a nonarch local field, let $n\geq1$ be an integer, choose $0\leq d<n$ and let $D$ be the central simple algebra over $F$ with invariant $d/n$ ...
10
votes
2answers
553 views

Is there a canonical notion of “mod-l automorphic representation”?

As the title says. In particular, I am interested in the story for a general reductive group $G$, say defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. I can imagine that mod-$\ell$ (algebraic) automorphic representation ...
10
votes
2answers
798 views

modular form Fourier coefficients and associated automorphic representation

Hi, Let $f$ be a cuspidal modular form of some weight and level $N$. Then it determines an irreducible automorphic representation $\pi = \bigotimes'\pi_p$ of $GL_2(\mathbf Q)$. Let $f = \sum_i a_i ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

p-adic L-functions

For modular forms, it is known that you can construct p-adic L-functions by interpolating (p-power conductor) twists of their associated L-functions at special values. Similarly, Kubota-Leopoldt's ...
10
votes
2answers
880 views

Automorphic forms and Galois representations over imaginary quadratic fields: generalizing Taylor's theorem?

Let $K/\mathbf{Q}$ be an imaginary quadratic field, with $\sigma \in \mathrm{Gal}(K/\mathbf{Q})$ a generator. Suppose $\pi$ is a cuspidal automorphic representation of $GL_2 / K$ with central ...
10
votes
1answer
376 views

Holomorphic cusp forms and cohomology of GL(2,Z)

Let $V_{k}$ denote the complex representation of $\mathrm{GL}(2)$ given by $\mathrm{Sym}^k(V)$, where $V$ is the defining 2-dimensional representation. Assume that $k$ is even. I would like to compute ...
10
votes
1answer
419 views

Reference for: CM Hilbert Modular forms arise from Hecke characters

For classical modular forms, the correspondence between the form having CM by an imaginary quadratic field $K$ and it being induced from a Hecke character on $K$ is well-known. (Ribet's paper is a ...
10
votes
1answer
388 views

Is the universal elliptic curve $\overline M_{1,2}$ a toric stack?

It is well-known that the compactification $\overline M_{1,1}$ of the moduli space of elliptic curves over $\mathbb C$ is a weighted projective line with weights $4$ and $6$. As far as I can tell, ...
10
votes
0answers
163 views

Weyl law for Maass forms with nontrivial character

The classical Weyl law for $\Gamma = \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ counts the number of Maass cusp forms on $\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H}$ with Laplace eigenvalue less than $T$. This is originally due to ...
10
votes
1answer
725 views

Which L-functions are not “Langlands-Shahidi L-functions”?

The Langlands-Shahidi method, among other things, obtains certain L-functions from the constant term of Eisenstein series attached to so-called $(G,M)$ pairs, where $G$ is a reductive group, $M$ a ...
10
votes
0answers
346 views

The status of automorphic induction

Background: Let $K/F$ be a degree $r$ extension of number fields. It is conjectured that an automorphic representation of GL$_n$ associated to $K$ induces an automorphic representation of GL$_{rn}$ ...
9
votes
1answer
807 views

best record toward Selberg's eigenvalue conjecture?

What's the best record toward Selberg's eigenvalue conjecture: Maass forms on $\Gamma_o(N)$ has eigenvalue greater than 1/4?
9
votes
1answer
448 views

Borel's Paris Lectures

I am trying to read Harish-Chandra's book on automorphic forms on Semisimple Lie groups, and he keeps referring to Borel's Paris lecture notes. Does anyone have an online version of these notes or ...
9
votes
1answer
857 views

Is this a subcase of the fundamental lemma?

Let $F$ be a local field and $G= GL(n,F)$. Assume that $\gamma$ is an element of $G$ and $G_\gamma$ is its centralizer. The orbital integral is defined as $$ O_\gamma^G( \phi) = ...
9
votes
1answer
280 views

Is the adjoint L-function on GL(m) holomorphic?

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic representation on GL($m$)/$\mathbb{Q}$. Define $$L(s,\pi,Ad):=\frac{L(s,\pi\times\overline{\pi})}{\zeta(s)}.$$ This is an L-function with euler products of degree $m^2-1$. ...
9
votes
1answer
241 views

Primer on Eisenstein series

My apologies if this question is a duplicate. I seached, and the closest I could locate is this question, which has very intriguing and intractable (for me) responses. In my continuing journey of ...