**2**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### How many integer solutions of $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+n$ are there?

Are there any references to study the integer solutions (existence and how many) of Diophantine equations like $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+2$, $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+3$, $a^2+b^2=c^2+d^2+5$...? Actually, I can prove ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Does viewing an Eisenstein series as a sum over cusps explain the antagonism between Eisenstein serieses and cusp forms?

I'm trying to understand the relationship between various aspects of the concept of "Eisenstein series" (as discussed for example in Diamond & Shurman's "A First Course in Modular Forms"), in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Non-vanishing of L-function of modular form

There is a theorem by Langlands and Shalika (link) that the L-function of a cuspidal automorphic representation does not vanish on the line $\mathrm{Re}( s)=1$ (in their normalization which might be ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

562 views

### Primer on Eisenstein series

My apologies if this question is a duplicate. I seached, and the closest I could locate is this question, which has very intriguing and intractable (for me) responses.
In my continuing journey of ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Where do the real analytic Eisenstein series live?

In obtaining the spectral decomposition of $L^2(\Gamma \backslash G)$ where $G=SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, and $\Gamma$ is an arithmetic subgroup (I am satisfied with $\Gamma = SL (2,\mathbb{Z})$) we have a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Automorphic representations whose local factors are tempered almost everywhere

Let $F$ be a global field, let $\mathbf{G}$ be a reductive algebraic group over $F$, and let $\pi$ be an irreducible discrete automorphic representation of $\mathbf{G}$.
Write $\pi$ as a restricted ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

718 views

### Even Galois representations “mod p”

Consider an irreducible $\mathrm{mod}$ $p$ representation:
$$\rho: \mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}/\mathbb{Q})\to\mathrm{GL}_2(\bar{\mathbb{F}}_p)$$
If $\rho$ is odd, it was conjectured by Serre in ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Definition of discrete spectrum and continuous and basic properties

I apologize if this is too basic for MO.
I have an embarrassing admission to make: I don't know the actual definition of the discrete/continuous spectrum of a reductive group $G/\mathbb{Q}$ (in the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Eigenvalues of the imaginary part of the Symplectic action on Siegel upper half plane

Let $A,B\in M_n(\mathbb{R})$ and $U=A+iB$ unitary. $R=diag(r_1,r_2,…,r_n)$ is a diagonal matrix with $r_i>0, \forall i $. I need to calculate $\det(Ae^{-R}A^T+Be^{R}B^T)$. This matrix ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

563 views

### Philosophy behind cohomological representations

For a given real reductive Lie group $G$, we have the notion of a representation being cohomological using the Lie algebra cohomology. In particular we know that the discrete series representations of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

810 views

### Why is the cuspidal spectrum discrete?

I have a short question concerning the spectral theory of automorphic forms. What is the main property of the unipotent group $N$, which consist of matrices in the form \begin{pmatrix} 1 & t \\ 0 ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

848 views

### Why is the simple trace formula a weaker tool than the Arthur trace formula?

What are some concrete examples of theorems which can be deduced from the Arthur trace formula, which do not follow from the simple trace of Kazdhan and Flicker?
(So I do not mean weaker in the sense ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

688 views

### Do we care about multiple zeta functions?

Coming from a number-theoretic background, I certainly care about $L$-functions and in particular automorphic ones. For automorphic forms on $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) \backslash SL_2(\mathbb{R})$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Eisenstein Series on Siegel Space

I am looking for any reference dealing explicitly with Eisenstein series on Siegel space (the simplest case of $\rm{SP}_4$ is fine). Anything would be welcome, but in particular I'm interested in the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Eisenstein series over a definite division algebra

Let $D$ be the definite quaternion division algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$. $\mathcal{O}$ is a maximal order inside $D$, let's fix $\mathcal{O}$ to be the Hurwitz quaternion. Let ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

### Local Langlands correspondence and Galois equivariance

The local Langlands correspondence $\text{rec}$ for $\text{GL}_{n}$ itself is not Galois equivariant (i.e. invariant under automorphisms of its field of definition) but rather its twist by ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### drinfeld shtukas over higher dimensional spaces

Everytime I encounter Drinfeld Shtukas, the definition begins with vector bundles over a curve $X$ over a finite field. My question is: why the restriction to curves? Is there any interest or results ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

121 views

### Antiholomorphic cusp forms of negative weight

Let $k\geq 2$ be an even integer and let $\Gamma=\Gamma_0(N)$. Let $f\in S_k(\Gamma)$. To $f$, one may associate an antiholomorphic cusp form of weight $k$ and level $\Gamma$ by defining ...

**36**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the status of Arthur's book?

Arthur's long-awaited book project is now published (The endoscopic classification of representations: orthogonal and symplectic groups). However, in the book he takes some things for granted:
The ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

400 views

### What is the best way to learn about Modular Forms?

I am a senior Mathematics Major, and I am interesting in learning about Modular Forms. I have a layman's general sense of what they are but I was wondering if there is a lecture(I am willing to pay) ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

339 views

### Birch's conjecture from Representation Theory

Birch has a conjecture about which automorphic forms on $PGL(2)$ are the lifts from nonsplit $O(3)$. Temporarily ignore global issues, and focus on the local nonarchimedian picture. The automorphic ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

233 views

### Analytic continuation of intertwining operator

I was trying to understand the paper "Forms of GL(2) from the analytic point of view", by Gelbart and Jacquet.
On Page 226 in Remark (4.13) they mention that the kernel of the local intertwining ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Reference request: normalization of intertwining operators for GL(2, C)

Take $F$ a local field and $\chi_1, \chi_2$ two characters, write $M(\chi_1, \chi_2)$ for the standard intertwining integral
$$M(\chi_1. \chi_2).f(g) := \int_{F} f\left( \begin{pmatrix} 0&-1\\ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

374 views

### Regularity assumption in the simple trace formula

In the simple trace formula of Deligne Kazhdan one assumes that the test function is supported at the elliptic regular elements at one place and is a supercusp form at another place. Why can't one ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

348 views

### what is the equivalent of the Euler constant for higher dimensional lattices

Let $\Lambda$ be a unimodular lattice in $\mathbb R^d$. Then there are constants such that
$$\sum_{\substack{\gamma\in \Lambda\\0<|\gamma|<R\\}} \frac{1}{|\gamma|^d} = c_1 \log R + c_2 + ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### Arithmetically equivalent number fields and Langlands Program

Two (number) fields are arithmetically equivalent if their Dedekind zeta functions are the same. It is known that any two arithmetically equivalent fields are not necessarily isomorphic; Prasad ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

283 views

### No Siegel-Landau zeros for $\mathrm{GL}(n)$

The problem of non-existance of Siegel-Landau zeros seems to be uncharacteristically easier for cuspidal automorphic representations $\pi$ on $\mathrm{GL}(n)$ if $n\geq2$. We have in fact:
There ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

435 views

### Lindelof Hypothesis implying Selberg Eigenvalue Conjecture?

The Generalized Lindelof Hypothesis says that for the $L$-function of an automorphic form we have
$$L(1/2+it)\ll Q(t)^{\epsilon}$$
for any $\epsilon>0$ where $Q(t)$ is the conductor of $L(s)$ at ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Is the twisted symmetric fifth power $L$-function holomorphic?

Let $\pi$ be a Maass cusp form for SL($2,\mathbb Z$). Let $\omega$ be a primitive Dirichlet character.
Let us consider the $L-$ function
$$L(s,Sym^5 \pi \times \omega)$$ or $L(s,Sym^6 \pi \times ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Matsushima-Murakami Isomorphism for $L^2$-cohomology

Let $\mathbf{G}$ be a reductive connected linear algebraic group over a totally real global number field, say $\mathbb{Q}$. Let $\mathbb{A}=\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{A}_f$ be the ring of rational adele.
...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Are Hecke eigenvalues on the cohomology of the Newton polygon strata automorphic?

Fix a genus $g$, a prime $p$, and a Newton polygon $\Delta$ of an abelian variety of genus $g$.
Let $\mathcal A_{g, \overline{\mathbb F}_p, \Delta}$ be the moduli stack of abelian varieties of genus ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Non-algebraic Hecke characters

Algebraic Hecke characters are ubiquitous in modern number theory. They are in 1-1 correspondence with one dimensional complex Galois representations, and in some precise sense they are the building ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

611 views

### The status of automorphic induction

Background: Let $K/F$ be a degree $r$ extension of number fields. It is conjectured that an automorphic representation of GL$_n$ associated to $K$ induces an automorphic representation of GL$_{rn}$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Fourier expansion of automorphic forms

we know that for $r \in \{1,2,3,4\},$ $\lambda_{Sym^rf}$ is an automorphic form (here $f$ is a modular form for the full modular group) and this fact is conjectured for $r\geq 5$ by Langlands and ...

**57**

votes

**7**answers

5k views

### What are the local Langlands conjectures nowadays, for connected reductive groups over a $p$-adic field?

Let me stress that I am only interested in $p$-adic fields in this question, for reasons that will become clear later. Let me also stress that in some sense I am basically assuming that the reader ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

276 views

### Automorphic factorization of Dedekind zeta functions

It is well known that for abelian number fields, the factorization of its Dedekind zeta function goes like this:
$$\zeta_K(s)=\zeta(s)\prod_{\chi \neq 1} L(s,\chi)$$
with the Dirichlet characters ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Simplest case of Langlands-Shahidi method

I would like to read the simplest examples of Langlands-Shahidi method carried out to prove the functional equation of $L$-function.
Could the constant term of $\mathrm{GL}(2)$-Eisenstein series be ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### History of spectral methods to the study of real analytic $GL_2$-Eisenstein series

I'm trying to sort out the history of spectral methods in the study of real analytic $GL_2$-Eisenstein series. From what I read so far, I would say that the subject was really kicked off by the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

515 views

### embedding of local tempered representation into cuspidal automorphic representation

Let v be a finite place of a number field F. Let $\pi_{v}$ be an irreducible tempered representation of $ GL_{n}(F_v)$. Is it true that we can find some irreducible cuspidal automorphic representation ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Two questions about Whittaker functions

I am watching the video: Modeling p-adic Whittaker functions, Part I. I have two questions about Whittaker functions in the video.
From 33:00 to 37:00, it is said that after changing of variables, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Shifted convolution problem for Coefficients of automorphic forms

The shifted convolution problem for coefficients of modular forms is well studied and many estimates were established for the shifted convolution sums of Hecke eigenvalues. So, one may ask about the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

213 views

### Generic irreducibility of parabolic induction

In J.Bernstein's notes: REPRESENTATION OF P-ADIC GROUPS, he remarked the following result(see P.88):
Let $G$ be a reductive group defined over nonarchimedean local field $F$, $P$ parabolic subgroup of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Converse to Modularity II: Maass cusp forms

(This comes from this other question. You can find more details there)
The following bijection is now a theorem:
Odd irreducible 2-dim Galois repn $\longleftrightarrow$ weight 1
newforms
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Uniform definition of $S(\mathbb{R})$ and $S(\mathbb{Q}_p)$

Let $\mathcal{P}=\{\infty, 2,3,5,7,11,\ldots\}$ be the set of primes of $\mathbb{Q}$ and let $\mathbb{Q}_p$ denote the corresponding completions, so in particular $\mathbb{Q}_{\infty}=\mathbb{R}$.
Is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

171 views

### On the definition of matrix coefficient

As far as I have known, for irreducible admissible representation $\pi$ of $p$-adic group $G$, the matrix coefficient is defined as follows:
For $v\in \pi$ and $w \in \pi ^\vee$, the contragredient ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### To what extent are modular parametrizations expected to generalize?

By the Modularity Theorem (a.k.a. the Shimura--Taniyama--Weil Conjecture), if $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\textbf{Q}$ with conductor $N$, then there exists a “modular parametrization” $\psi: X_0(N) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

149 views

### Question about mean square estimate for sums of Dirichlet coefficients of Symmetric Power $L$-functions

I have a question related to Coefficients of Symmetric power $L$-functions and I would be grateful if you could answer it.
Let $\lambda_{Sym^rf}(n)$ be the $n$th Dirichlet coefficient of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### Examples of Rankin-Selberg L-functions from Eisenstein series

I've been digging for awhile to not much success, so I figure I would try here:
I am looking for some references which compute explicitly examples of Rankin-Selberg L-functions from the constant ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### How to construct the symmetric power function from a modular form?

I want to understand how we construct from a modular form $f$ its symmetric power function $Sym^rf.$ I read that there is a particular representation that does this but I am not familiar with this ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

853 views

### Which L-functions are not “Langlands-Shahidi L-functions”?

The Langlands-Shahidi method, among other things, obtains certain L-functions from the constant term of Eisenstein series attached to so-called $(G,M)$ pairs, where $G$ is a reductive group, $M$ a ...