Homotopy, stable homotopy, homology and cohomology, homotopical algebra.

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49
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3k views

The topology of Arithmetic Progressions of primes

The primary motivation for this question is the following: I would like to extract some topological statistics which capture how arithmetic progressions of prime numbers "fit together" in a manner ...
47
votes
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3k views

Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture

(1) In "Esquisse d'un programme", Grothendieck conjectures Grothendieck-Teichmuller conjecture: the morphism $$ G_{\mathbb{Q}} \longrightarrow Aut(\widehat{T}) $$ is an isomorphism. Here ...
32
votes
0answers
813 views

Homotopy type of TOP(4)/PL(4)

It is known (e.g. the Kirby-Siebenmann book) that $\mathrm{TOP}(n)/\mathrm{PL}(n)\simeq K({\mathbb Z}/2,3)$ for $n>4$. I believe it is also known (Freedman-Quinn) that ...
29
votes
0answers
765 views

Functor that maps to both $KO^n$ and $KO^{-n}$

(my question is also meaningful for complex K-theory, but since Kn(X) is always isomorphic to K-n(X), it's less interesting) I start by recalling the analytic definition of KO-theory: The following ...
28
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0answers
827 views

Finite complexes whose homotopy groups are not “finitely generated”

I'll say $K$ has "finitely generated" homotopy groups if there is a finite wedge of spheres $W = \bigvee S^{n_i}$ and a map $f: W\to K$ which induces a surjection on $\pi_*$. It seems likely that ...
27
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0answers
482 views

Are there periodicity phenomena in manifold topology with odd period?

The study of $n$-manifolds has some well-known periodicities in $n$ with period a power of $2$: $n \bmod 2$ is important. Poincaré duality implies that odd-dimensional compact oriented manifolds ...
26
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2k views

Microlocal geometry - A theorem of Verdier

(1) In "Geometrie Microlocale", Verdier states the following theorem. Theorem: Let $E$ be a vector space and $F$ a constructible complex on $E$. Then for $\ell$ a linear form on $E$, we have a ...
24
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1k views

Is there software to compute the cohomology of an affine variety?

I have some affine varieties whose cohomology (topological, with $\mathbb{C}$ coefficients) I would like to know. They are very nice, they are all of the form $\mathbb{A}^n \setminus \{ f=0 \}$ for ...
23
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896 views

On the (derived) dual to the James construction.

Background If $X$ is a based space then the James construction on $X$ is the space $J(X)$ given by $$ X \quad \cup \quad X^{\times 2} \quad \cup \quad X^{\times 3} \quad \cup \quad \cdots $$ in ...
22
votes
0answers
829 views

Manifolds admitting CW-structure with single n-cell

Let $M$ be a topological $n$-manifold, closed and connected (not necessarily oriented): When does $M$ not admit (up to homotopy-type) a CW-structure with a single $n$-cell? By classification of ...
22
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0answers
526 views

Is there a Kan-Thurston theorem for fibrations ?

Given a fibration $F \to X \to B$ with all spaces path-connected. Is there a (discrete) group $G$ with normal subgroup $H$ such that $$H^\ast(BG;\mathcal{A}) = H^\ast(X;\mathcal{A})$$ ...
21
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500 views

Software for rational homotopy theory

Does anybody know a software manipulating commutative differential graded algebras, and providing a computation of the minimal model? I tried to use the package DGAlgebras of Macaulay2, but I got ...
20
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0answers
500 views

On a homological finiteness condition

Assumption: $X$ is a connected CW complex, and $H_{\ast}(X;\mathbb{Z})=\bigoplus_{n \geq 0} H_n (X; \mathbb{Z})$ is finitely generated. Question: does there exist a finite CW complex $Y$ and a map ...
20
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0answers
591 views

Is there a (discrete) monoid M injecting into its group completion G for which BM is not homotopy equivalent to BG?

For a (discrete) monoid $M$, the classifying space $BM$ is the geometric realization of the nerve of the one object category whose hom-set is $M$. (This definition gives the usual classfiying space ...
19
votes
0answers
558 views

What is to tmf as KR is to KO?

The $E_\infty$-ring spectrum $KU$ of complex K-theory carries a canonical involution induced from complex conjugation of complex vector bundles. The homotopy fixed points of this $\mathbb{Z}_2$-action ...
19
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0answers
474 views

Are there “chain complexes” and “homology groups” taking values in pairs of topological spaces?

Throughout this question, notation of the form $(X,A)$ denotes a sufficiently nice pair of topological spaces. I think for most of what I'm saying here, it is enough to assume that the inclusion $A ...
19
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389 views

Why are quasitopological spaces needed in sheaf theoretic approaches to the h-principle?

Recently I have been learning more about the h-principle and in particular the methods of "continuous sheaves". In many treatments of this I see people using "quasi-topological spaces" and I am trying ...
19
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854 views

Why do Clifford algebras determine $KO$ (and $K$-)-theory?

In the paper "Clifford modules" by Atiyah-Bott-Shapiro, they construct a family of Clifford algebras $C_k$ over the real numbers, so that $C_k$ is the algebra associated to a negative definite form on ...
18
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886 views

When is a compact topological 4-manifold a CW complex?

Freedman's $E_8$-manifold is nontriangulable, as proved on page (xvi) of the Akbulut-McCarthy 1990 Princeton Mathematical Notes "Casson's invariant for oriented homology 3-spheres". Kirby showed that ...
17
votes
0answers
475 views

Computational complexity of topological K-theory

I am a novice with K-theory trying to understand what is and what is not possible. Given a finite simplicial complex $X$, there of course elementary ways to quickly compute the cohomology of $X$ with ...
17
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0answers
2k views

Why do polytopes pop up in Lagrange inversion?

I'd be interested in hearing people's viewpoints on this. Looking for an intuitive perspective. See Wikipedia for descriptions of polytopes and the Lagrange inversion theorem/formula (LIF) for ...
17
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628 views

Folk Functorial Figuring

In the CRM Proceedings & Lecture Notes Volume 50 "A Celebration of the Mathematical Legacy of Raoul Bott" Herbert Shulman writes (p. 48): "[Bott] taught many of us to think functorially, like ...
16
votes
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382 views

Algebraic closure as a fibrant replacement?

Emil Artin's construction of the algebraic closure of a field $K$ is as follows. Let $K_{0} = K$, and inductively let $\{x_f\}$ be a set of indeterminates indexed by the irreducible $f$ in one ...
16
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956 views

Origins of the Nerve Theorem

Recently, I've read two papers which have cited the Nerve Theorem, one crediting Borsuk with the result and another Leray. Here is the question: Who was the first to prove the Nerve Theorem?
16
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361 views

Other examples of computations using transfer of structure from the chains to the homology?

There is a `long' history of transfer (up to homotopy!) of algebraic structure from a dg _ algebra A to its homology H(A) (e.g. Kadeishvili for the associative case and Heubschmann for the Lie case). ...
16
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755 views

What is the current knowledge of equivariant cohomology operations?

In Caruso's paper, "Operations in equivariant $Z/p$-cohomology," http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1684248, he shows that the integer-graded stable cohomology operations in ...
15
votes
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226 views

Elliptic $\infty$-line bundles over $B G$

Theorem 5.2 in Jacob Lurie's "Survey of Elliptic Cohomology" (pdf) states the equivalence of two maps $$ B G \longrightarrow B \mathrm{GL}_1(A) $$ for $A$ an $E_\infty$-ring carrying an oriented ...
15
votes
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198 views

Unoriented bordism and homology, reference?

The following has undoubtedly been known to the experts for years, but I only noticed it the other day. Can anyone give a reference? One can prove Thom's theorem to the effect that every mod $2$ ...
15
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0answers
353 views

p-Adic String Theory and the String-orientation of Topological Modular Forms (tmf)

I am going to ask a question, at the end below, on whether anyone has tried to make more explicit what should be, it seems to me, a close relation between p-adic string theory and the refinement of ...
15
votes
0answers
581 views

Homology classes of subvarieties of toric varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth proper toric variety, $Z\subseteq X$ a smooth subvariety. Is the fundamental class $[Z] \in H_\ast(X) = A_\ast(X)$ nonzero? Background If $X$ is a Kaehler variety, this is ...
15
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317 views

Lipschitz constant of a homotopy

Let $n>0$, $\mathbb S^n$ be $n$-sphere and $1\in \mathbb S^n$ be its north pole. A am looking for an example of compact manifold $M$ with a continuous $n$-parameter family off maps $h_x\colon M\to ...
15
votes
0answers
481 views

Characteristic Classes for $E_8$ Bundles

Given a principal $E_8$ bundle $P\rightarrow X$ one can take the adjoint representation $\rho :E_8\rightarrow SU(\mathbb C^{248})$ and form the associated vector bundle $V=P\times_{\rho}\mathbb ...
15
votes
0answers
980 views

Is the equivariant cohomology an equivariant cohomology?

Suppose a finite group $G$ acts piecewise linearly on a polyhedron $X$. Then there are two kinds of equivariant cohomology (or homology). $\bullet$ With coefficients in a $\Bbb Z G$-module $M$. A ...
15
votes
0answers
1k views

Covers of $Z^k$

This is a question related to covers of $Z^\infty$. Is it possible to cover $Z^k$, $k>1$, with the $l_1$-metric by a constant (not depending on $k$) number of collections of subsets $U^0,...,U^c$ ...
14
votes
0answers
1k views

Mixed Hodge structure on the rational homotopy type

A mixed Hodge structure (mHs) on a commutative differential graded algebra (cgda) over $\mathbf{Q}$ is a mixed Hodge structure on the underlying vector space such that the product and the differential ...
13
votes
0answers
349 views

What is the determinant of Poincare duality?

For a complex $C^{\bullet}$ of finite dimensional vector spaces, one has a determinant $$|C^\bullet|:= \bigotimes \left(\Lambda^{top} C^i\right)^{(-1)^i}$$ functorial with respect to ...
13
votes
0answers
415 views

Steenrod algebra at a prime power

Let $n=p^k$ be a prime power. When $k=1$, the algebra of stable operations in mod $p$ cohomology is the Steenrod algebra $\mathcal{A}_p$. It has a nice description in terms of generators and ...
13
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0answers
615 views

Fully dualizable objects in classical field theories

This is a follow up to this MO question: Free symmetric monoidal $(\infty,n)$-categories with duals Freed-Hopkins-Lurie-Teleman define a classical field theory as a symmetric monoidal functor $I$ ...
13
votes
0answers
786 views

Hodge star and harmonic simplicial differential forms

Is there a notion of harmonic forms and Hodge theory for Sullivan's piecewise smooth differential forms on a simplicial set? Let me recall some background. Hodge Theory on a Riemannian manifold A ...
12
votes
0answers
429 views

What is operator tmf?

One of the many wonderful things about K-theory, relative to other generalized cohomology theories, is that it can be defined for not-necessarily-commutative C*-algebras. The resulting construction, ...
12
votes
0answers
255 views

Who stated and proved the “Hopf lemma” on bilinear maps?

If $A\otimes B\rightarrow C$ is a nondegenerate linear map, where $A, B, C$ are vector spaces over an algebraically closed field, then $\dim C\ge \dim A + \dim B -1$. Nondegenerate here means ...
12
votes
0answers
593 views

Poincare-Hopf and Matthai-Quillen for Chern classes?

One. The Poincare-Hopf theorem is usually stated as a formula for the Euler characteristic of the tangent bundle TM. Is there a version for Euler classes, of oriented real vector bundles? It seems ...
11
votes
0answers
359 views

Chiral categories versus braided monoidal categories

Let $X$ be a curve over $\mathbf{C}$. As I understand from the 2008 Talbot notes, a chiral category on $X$ consists of a crystal of categories on the Ran space $\mathrm{Ran}(X)$ (see these notes of ...
11
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354 views

Homotopy equivalence vs weak homotopy equivalence in Gromov's h-principle

My question concerns Gromov's h-principle for open diffeomorphism-invariant partial differential relations on open manifolds; see e.g. Eliashberg/Mishachev: Introduction to the h-principle, §6.2.A and ...
11
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0answers
415 views

Has this chain complex associated with a simplicial complex been studied before?

I have stumbled upon a construction that has probably been noticed before, and I wonder if anyone can point me to a reference. Suppose that $K$ is a simplicial complex. Let $P(K)$ be the free abelian ...
11
votes
0answers
285 views

Topological type of Brieskorn manifolds

Let us consider the complex hypersurface and suppose that $n\geq 3$: $$F(d,n)=\{(z_0,\ldots,z_n)\in \mathbb{C}^{n+1}:z_0^d+z_1^d+\ldots+z_n^d=0\}$$ and the link $V(d,n)=F(d,n)\cap S^{2n+1}_{\epsilon}$ ...
11
votes
0answers
378 views

Singular chains generated by manifolds with corners — does it really work?

Usually we define singular homology via the complex of singular chains: $$C_\ast(X)=\bigoplus_{n\geq 0}\mathbb Z\langle\sigma:\Delta^n\to X\rangle$$ where the right hand side denotes the free abelian ...
11
votes
0answers
461 views

About maps inducing bijections on homotopy classes

Let us assume that $f:X \to Y$ is a map of connected CW complexes, having the following property: if $K$ is a finite CW complex, then the induced map $f_{\ast}:[K,X] \to [K,Y]$ on \emph{free} homotopy ...
11
votes
0answers
318 views

Bar construction vs. twisted tensor product

One may study the cohomology of a space $E$ expressed as a homotopy pullback of $X$ and $Y$ over $Z$ using either the Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequence or the Serre spectral sequence for the fibration ...
11
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152 views

Fundamental groups of reduced subgroup lattices

Let $G$ be a group. Its subgroup lattice, denoted $\Sigma G$, consists of all subgroups of $G$ partially ordered by inclusion. The topology of this poset is quite trivial, since it always has a ...