Homotopy, stable homotopy, homology and cohomology, homotopical algebra.

**43**

votes

**11**answers

4k views

### Compelling evidence that two basepoints are better than one

This question is inspired by an answer of Tim Porter.
Ronnie Brown pioneered a framework for homotopy theory in which one may consider multiple basepoints. These ideas are accessibly presented in his ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Euler characteristic of a manifold and self-intersection

This is probably quite easy, but how do you show that the Euler characteristic of a manifold M (defined for example as the alternating sum of the dimensions of integral cohomology groups) is equal to ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

395 views

### Necessary conditions for cofibrancy in global projective model structure on simplicial presheaves

Consider the global projective model category
of simplicial presheaves on some category
(the category of smooth manifolds is particularly interesting to me).
In Section 9.1 of Dugger's paper ...

**45**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### third stable homotopy group of spheres via geometry?

It is ''well-known'' that the third stable homotopy group of spheres is cyclic of order $24$. It is also ''well-known'' that the quaternionic Hopf map $\nu:S^7 \to S^4$, an $S^3$-bundle, suspends to a ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### finite generated group realized as fundamental group of manifolds

This is discussed in the standard textbooks on algebraic topology.
Pick a presentation of the group $G = \langle g_1,g_2,...,g_n|r_1,r_2,...r_m \rangle$
where $g_i$ are generators and $r_j$ are ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Giving $Top(X,Y)$ an appropriate topology

I am not sure if its OK to ask this question here.
Let $Top$ be the category of topological spaces. Let $X,Y$ be objects in $Top$.
Let $F:\mathbb{I}\rightarrow Top(X,Y)$ be a function (I will ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### The error in Petrovski and Landis' proof of the 16th Hilbert problem

What was the main error in the proof of the second part of the 16th Hilbert problem by Petrovski and Landis?
Please see this related post and also the following post.
Added : According to their ...

**74**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### Counterexamples in algebraic topology?

In this thread
Books you would like to read (if somebody would just write them...),
I expressed my desire for a book with the title "(Counter)examples in Algebraic Topology".
My reason for doing so ...

**51**

votes

**9**answers

4k views

### What are the uses of the homotopy groups of spheres?

Pete Clark threw down the challenge in his comment to my answer on Why the heck are the homotopy groups of the sphere so damn complicated?:
Have the homotopy groups of spheres ever been applied to ...

**35**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Cubical vs. simplicial singular homology

Singular homology is usually defined via singular simplices, but Serre in his thesis uses singular cubes, which he claims are better adapted to the study of fibre spaces. This young man (25 years old ...

**46**

votes

**8**answers

5k views

### What is a continuous path?

I would like some help, because I am getting mad trying to answer the following
Question: Let $X$ be a topological space, what is a continuous path in $X$?
Well, maybe you're already getting ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

6k views

### How do you show that $S^{\infty}$ is contractible?

Here I mean the version with all but finitely many components zero.

**6**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Kuenneth-formula for group cohomology with nontrivial action on the coefficient

For a trivial action on the coefficient, we have the following Kuenneth formula
for group cohomology:
$$
H^n(G_1 \times G_2; M) \cong
[\oplus_{i= 0}^n H^i(G_1;M) \otimes_M H^{n-i}(G_2;M)]
\oplus ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Fundamental groups of topological groups.

Let $G$ be a topological group, and $\pi_1(G,e)$ its fundamental group at the identity. If $G$ is the trivial group then $G \cong \pi_1(G,e)$ as abstract groups. My question is:
If $G$ is a ...

**29**

votes

**1**answer

955 views

### Brown representability for non-connected spaces

In many places (on MO, elsewhere on the Internet, and perhaps even in some textbooks) one finds a statement of the classical Brown representability theorem that looks something like this:
If $F$ ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

851 views

### finite dimensional real division algebras

A celebrated theorem of Milnor and Kervaire asserts that any finite dimensional division algebra over the real numbers has dimension 1,2,4 or 8. This result is established using methods from algebraic ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Compositional inversion and generating functions in algebraic geometry

The exponential generating function of the graded dimension of the cohomology ring of the moduli space of n-pointed curves of genus zero satisfying the associativity equations of physics (the WDVV ...

**65**

votes

**10**answers

12k views

### Motivation for algebraic K-theory?

I'm looking for a big-picture treatment of algebraic K-theory and why it's important. I've seen various abstract definitions (Quillen's plus and Q constructions, some spectral constructions like ...

**75**

votes

**17**answers

7k views

### Occurrences of (co)homology in other disciplines and/or nature

I am curious if the setup for (co)homology theory appears outside the realm of pure mathematics. The idea of a family of groups linked by a series of arrows such that the composition of consecutive ...

**57**

votes

**7**answers

7k views

### Homotopy groups of Lie groups

Several times I've heard the claim that any Lie group $G$ has trivial second fundamental group $\pi_2(G)$, but I have never actually come across a proof of this fact. Is there a nice argument, ...

**70**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### What properties make $[0,1]$ a good candidate for defining fundamental groups?

The title essentially says it all. Consider the category $\mathfrak{Top}_2$ of triples $(J,e_0,e_1)$ where $J$ is a topological space, and $e_i \in J$. There is an obvious generalization of the ...

**17**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### What mathematical treatment is there on the renormalization group flow in a space of Lagrangians?

What mathematical treatment is there on the renormalization group flow in a space of Lagrangians?

**42**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Torsion in homology or fundamental group of subsets of Euclidean 3-space

Here's a problem I've found entertaining.
Is it possible to find a subset of 3-dimensional Euclidean space such that its homology groups (integer coefficients) or one of its fundamental groups ...

**31**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### Spaces with same homotopy and homology groups that are not homotopy equivalent?

A common caution about Whitehead's theorem is that you need the map between the spaces; it's easy to give examples of spaces with isomorphic homotopy groups that are not homotopy equivalent. (See Are ...

**26**

votes

**8**answers

5k views

### An “advanced beginner's” book on algebraic topology?

It has so happened that I have come this far knowing nothing on the subject of algebraic topology (as in homology theories of topological spaces and their applications). I've decided to finally read ...

**32**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### What are the open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$

Hello,
I would like to know if there is a known necessary and sufficient
property on an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ :
For example :
1) Are all ...

**23**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### What is a simplicial commutative ring from the point of view of homotopy theory?

Let $k$ be a field. There are two natural categories to consider:
The category of simplicial commutative $k$-algebras.
The category of connective $E_\infty$ $k$-algebras (i.e., chain complexes of ...

**31**

votes

**20**answers

4k views

### Generalizations of Planar Graphs

This is a follow up to Harrison's question: why planar graphs are so exceptional. I would like to ask about (and collect answers to) various notions, in graph theory and beyond graph theory (topology; ...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### generalisations of the Seifert-van Kampen Theorem?

I have been reading Jacob Lurie's book "Higher Algebra", version May 8, 2011. One is grateful to him for covering such a lot of ground and for making it all so readily available.
My attention was ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

994 views

### Converse to Stokes' Theorem

Does satisfying Stokes' Theorem imply that a form is linear?
Let $M$ be an $n$-manifold. A differential $k$-form $\omega \in \Omega^k M$ assigns to each point $x \in M$ a function $\omega_x : ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### When does the tangent bundle of a manifold admit a flat connection?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, and let $TM$ denote its tangent bundle. Under what conditions does $TM$ admit a flat connection $\omega$?
Edit: Formerly, I asked about a flat connection on the frame ...

**29**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Integral cohomology (stable) operations

There have been a couple questions on MO, and elsewhere, that have made me curious about integral or rational cohomology operations. I feel pretty familiar with the classical Steenrod algebra and its ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Combinatorics of the Stasheff polytopes

First a little background for those unaware. The Stasheff polytopes (or associahedra) are certain convex polytopes that arise in the theory of $A_\infty$-algebras. There is one polytope for each ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### (co)homology of symmetric groups

Let $S_n=\{\text{bijections }[n]\to[n]\}$ be the n-th symmetric group. Its (co)homology will be understood with trivial action. What are the $\mathbb{Z}$-modules $H_k(S_n;\mathbb{Z})$? Using GAP, we ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there Domain Invariance for Alexandrov spaces?

A colleague asked me this question recently. Every injective continuous map between manifolds of the same (finite) dimension is open - this is Brouwer's Domain Invariance Theorem. Is the same true for ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### When are (finite) simplicial complexes (smooth) manifolds?

Hi,
is there an algorithm that determines if a given simplicial complex is
a.) a manifold
b.) a smooth manifold
c.) homotopy equivalent to a manifold
d.) a real algebraic variety
?

**11**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Maps inducing zero on homotopy groups but are not null-homotopic

Today my fellow grad student asked me a question, given a map f from X to Y, assume $f_*(\pi_i(X))=0$ in Y, when is f null-homotopic?
I search the literature a little bit, D.W.Kahn
...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

920 views

### Calculating Mayer-Vietoris efficiently

This is a question whose motivation and framing seem to involve a lot of topology, but which I suspect comes down to some simple and standard combinatorics that's probably recorded in a book ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

924 views

### Details for the action of the braid group B_3 on modular forms

I'm reading Terry Gannon's Moonshine Beyond the Monster, and in section 2.4.3 he hints at (but does not explicitly describe) a way to extend the action of $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ on modular forms to an ...

**11**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Smooth classifying spaces?

Take G to be a group. I care about discrete groups, but the answer in general would be welcome too. There are the various ways to construct the classifying space of G, bar construction, cellular ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Topological dimension versus cohomological dimension

This should be really well known but I don't seem to find a statement about it nor a question in MO answering this.
Consider a Compact Hausdorff topological space $X$. The cohomological dimension of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

931 views

### Homotopy pullbacks of simplicial spaces, and Bousfield-Friedlander

Let $X_\bullet \longrightarrow Y_\bullet \longleftarrow Z_\bullet$ be a diagram of simplicial spaces (=bisimplicial sets, if you like).
On p. 14-9 of these notes there is an example which shows that ...

**25**

votes

**1**answer

475 views

### Nilpotence of the stable Hopf map via framed cobordism

The Pontryagin-Thom construction shows that the stable homotopy groups of spheres are the same as the groups of stably framed manifolds up to cobordism. Specifically the Hopf map corresponds to the ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Points on a sphere

Wonder whether you know where the following pearl of Topology first appeared:
Prove that at any instant of time you can find three isothermal points on the surface of the Earth that correspond to ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

727 views

### Connections between Standard, Hodge and Tate conjectures on algebraic cycles?

What implications would a solution of the Standard Conjectures have on the Hodge and Tate Conjectures and reverse?

**18**

votes

**1**answer

485 views

### What is the group of pointed homotopy classes of maps from $S^3 \times S^3$ to $S^3$?

What is the group of pointed homotopy classes of maps from $S^3 \times S^3$ to $S^3$? The group structure induced by the group structure on the codomain. This question is a followup to Eric's answer ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

925 views

### H-space structure on infinite projective spaces

Any Eilenberg-MacLane space $K(A,n)$ for abelian $A$ can be given the structure of an $H$-space by lifting the addition on $A$ to a continuous map $K(A\times A,n)=K(A,n)\times K(A,n)\to K(A,n)$.
Does ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

582 views

### Relations between Stiefel-Whitney classes

I need to know all relations between Stiefel-Whitney classes for closed manifolds of dimensions 3 and 4. Unfortunately, I found the literature on the subject quite confusing. The answer for all ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### complement of a totally disconnected closed set in the plane

While preparing a course in complex analysis, I stumbled over a remark in Dudziak's book on removable sets, namely that any totally disconnected $K \subset\subset {\mathbb C}$ must have a connected ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Infinity-categories vs Kan complexes

Hi all,
It is known (cf. Lurie's book "Higher Topos Theory", for instance) that higher ($\infty$-) category, in particular topological higher ($\infty$-) groupoids are "better" defined as weak Kan ...