Homotopy, stable homotopy, homology and cohomology, homotopical algebra.

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18
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4answers
1k views

Why the Dold-Thom theorem?

Dold-Thom Theorem: $$\pi_i(SP(X))\cong\tilde{H}_i(X)$$ It's pretty miraculous, no? I've seen its proof, where you show that the composition of the functors on the left-side satisfies the axioms of a ...
8
votes
2answers
215 views

Teaching the fundamental group via everyday examples

This is a "prequel" to a similar question about homology. Both questions were inspired by seeing a talk, by Tadashi Tokieda, about the interesting physics that appears in toys. What stories, ...
24
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is it so hard to compute $\pi_n(S^n)$?

Of course it isn't really that hard - nowhere near as hard as $\pi_k(S^n)$ for $k>n$, for instance. The hardness that I'm referring to is based on the observation that apparently nobody knows how ...
7
votes
1answer
487 views

Higher vector spaces

As far as I know there are different ways to categorify the notion of vector space/module. These appear (for example) when trying to find extended TQFTs. There are at least two ways (presented at ...
8
votes
0answers
114 views

Mixed Hodge structure on configuration spaces

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. Let $F(X,n)$ be the configuration space parametrizing $n$ distinct ordered points in $X$. The cohomology groups $H^k(F(X,n),\mathbf Q)$ carry a mixed ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

A possible generalization of the Borsuk Ulam theorem via action of symmetric groups

The symmetric group $S_{m}$ is equiped with the counting Har measure $\mu$ and the obvious sgn character. Assume that $S_{m}$ acts on $S^{n}$, $n\geq m-1$ and $f:S^{n}\to \mathbb{R}^{n}$ ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

cohomology of classifying space of permutation groups

Let $\Sigma_k$ be the permutation group of order $k$. Let $r: \Sigma_k\to GL(k)$ be the regular representation by permuting the order of the standard basis of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\rho: ...
10
votes
1answer
367 views

Is there any relationship between the Euler class and the Vandermonde determinant?

Several Wikipedia articles claim that the relationship between the Euler class $e(V)$ and the top Pontryagin class $p_k(V)$ of an oriented $2k$-dimensional real vector bundle $V$ corresponds, via the ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Can an odd map be null homotopic?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with invariant measure $\mu$. An odd function is a continuous function, $\phi:G\to \mathbb{C}$, such that $\int_{G} \phi d\mu=0$. An odd map is a continuous map, $f:G\to ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

How do small changes in a filtered complex affect the associated spectral sequence

I have recently been learning about spectral sequences, not in the context of any problem, but mostly out of curiosity. There are two questions that have occurred to me which I've been unable to ...
6
votes
1answer
225 views

Condition on a Hopf operad for tensor product in the base categoy to be a (categorical) coproduct for algebras

A Hopf operad will be an operad endowed with a coproduct $P(n) \longrightarrow P(n) \otimes P(n)$ which is compatible in the obvious sens with operad laws (no more structure is assumed a priori. ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

Quotient of the hyperbolic plane with respect to commutator group of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ and $G=\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$. Let $\pi\colon \mathbb{H}\to \Sigma_g$ be the universal covering map. What kind of surface is $\mathbb{H}/[G,G]$? ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

Associative Ring Spectra and Derived Completion

So, I was thinking before that this might have some nice, simple topos theoretic explanation, but Jacob disabused me of that notion. However, I'm still very interested in the following question: Is ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Inference using Topological Data Analysis: Is it worth it for a regular statistician to learn TDA?

After having read Gunnar Carlsson's http://www.ams.org/journals/bull/2009-46-02/S0273-0979-09-01249-X/S0273-0979-09-01249-X.pdf I feel enthusiastic to use some topological data analysis (TDA) methods ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

Computational software in Algebraic Topology?

I was wondering if there is any good software out there that allows you to do specific computations in algebraic topology. For example: Create a simplicial complex/set and ask questions about its ...
13
votes
10answers
3k views

Good book on Riemann surfaces and Galois theory?

I'm supervising an undergraduate project on Galois theory and covering spaces. I want to have him read about the fact that from a branched cover of a Riemann surface you get an extension of its field ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Normal Form of Homotopy Pure Braids?

It is well known that a pure braid has a normal form (also called the combed form). Namely, let $P_n$ be the set of pure braids of $n$ strands and let $d_i:P_n\to P_{n-1}$ be the $i$th "forgetting ...
5
votes
1answer
448 views

A question on fixed point theory

I asked this question in MSE, but I did not received any answer, so I repeat it here: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/858238/a-question-on-fixed-point-property Assume that $0<k<n-1$, ...
4
votes
1answer
235 views

Fundamental class in K-theory and orientability

In ordinary homology, the classical results give the following situation: for a compact, connected, topological manifold $M$ of dimension $n$ we have, for each ring $R$, that $H_n(M,M \setminus ...
17
votes
2answers
437 views

A simple proof that parallelizable oriented closed manifolds are oriented boundaries?

So let $M$ be a smooth closed orientable real manifold such that $M$ is parallelizable, i.e., the tangent space $TM$ of $M$ is trivial. From the triviality of $TM$ we get that the Stiefel-Whitney and ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Integral group rings on which stably free modules are free

Let $G$ be a torsion-free group and $ZG$ the integral group rings. Recall that a projective module $P$ over $ZG$ is stably free if there is an isomorphism $P \oplus ZG^n \cong ZG^m$. Are there known ...
10
votes
1answer
677 views

Reference request for TQFT, functoriality

I am reading Turaev's blue book Quantum Invariants of Knots and 3-manifolds. It is difficult for me to understand the proof of Theorem 1.9 in chapter 4, which says; The function $(M, \partial_{-}M, ...
6
votes
0answers
102 views

Face poset of a subcomplex complement

Let $P$ denote the face poset of a simplicial complex, $\Delta$ the order complex of a poset, and $\simeq$ homotopy equivalence. It's known that for any finite simplicial complex $\mathcal{K}$ that ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Examples of manifolds whose second Stiefel-Whitney satisfies a nontriviality condition

I'm looking for examples of pairs $(M,L)$ where $M$ is a symplectic manifold, $L$ a (closed, connected) Lagrangian submanifold, such that the second Stiefel-Whitney of $L$, $w_2(TL)$, evaluates ...
3
votes
3answers
340 views

Reference request: construction of Steenrod operations for an odd p

Where in literature can one find a construction of Steenrod reduced powers (for an odd $p$) that (1) works for the singular cohomology of arbitrary topological spaces (or, more generally, for the ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Motion planning algorithm

Consider a path connected topological space $X$, one can equip its path space $PX=\{ \gamma: [0,1] \longrightarrow X \; continuous\}$ with the compact open topology. We call a motion planning ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

2-cells in the configuration space

My overarching question is why in the Artin presentation of the (geometrically defined) braid group there are no more than two relations. I've learned one way to prove this is using the fact that the ...
6
votes
1answer
364 views

Are there nontrivial involutions of $S^7\times S^7$ with fixed point set homeo to $S^7$?

The group $\mathbb{Z}_2$ acts on $S^7\times S^7$ by switching the coordinates with fixed point set $\Delta(S^7\times S^7)\cong S^7$. I want to know whether there are some other $\mathbb{Z}_2$ actions ...
0
votes
1answer
173 views

Existence of $n$-connected topological groups with $m$-dimensional action extending that of $GL(m)$ on $\mathbb{R}^m$

I'll first state the question as concisely as I can and then provide some motivation. Consider two positive integers $m$ and $n$ such that $m < n+2$. Does there exist a topological group $G$ ...
1
vote
0answers
202 views

Is this a “new” terminology in homology/cohomology theory?

I have the following question. For our research purpose, we have introduced the following concept: Let $f:X\to Y$ be a continuous, disrecte and open mapping between two locally compact metric spaces. ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

$n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...
11
votes
4answers
973 views

How to compute the (co)homology of orbit spaces (when the action is not free)?

Suppose a compact Lie group G acts on a compact manifold Q in a not necessarily free manner. Is there any general method to gain information about the quotient Q/G (a stratified space)? For example, I ...
3
votes
1answer
238 views

Classifying space for fibrations with Eilenberg-MacLane space as fibers

The following result seems to be frequently quoted: Consider the fibration $K(\pi,n)=\Omega K(\pi,n+1)\to PK(\pi,n+1)\to K(\pi,n+1)$. Let $B$ be any topological space (which is not too pathologic). ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

A fibration of classifying spaces

Let $G$ be a Lie group, $N$ a closed connected normal subgroup. Let $BG$, $BN$, $B(G/N)$ be the classifying spaces of $G,N$ and $G/N$. Is there a fibration $BN\to BG\to B(G/N)$ ? It seems that such a ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

understanding the definition of $\infty$-operad of module objects

I'm just trying to understand the following definition: Definition 3.3.3.8 in Higher Algebra by J. Lurie defines the $\infty$-operad of $O$-module objects, and says the following: Let $O^\otimes$ be ...
27
votes
0answers
798 views

Finite complexes whose homotopy groups are not “finitely generated”

I'll say $K$ has "finitely generated" homotopy groups if there is a finite wedge of spheres $W = \bigvee S^{n_i}$ and a map $f: W\to K$ which induces a surjection on $\pi_*$. It seems likely that ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Connection between framed cobordisms and zero sets

Let $W\subseteq M\times[0,1]$ be a framed submanifold (a framed cobordism in $M$) and $2w<m-1$ where $w,m=\dim W,M$. Assume that $M$ is compact and that $W\cap M\times \{0\}$ is the zero set of a ...
8
votes
2answers
336 views

Reference request: Spin structures on surfaces and the spin mapping class group

I am looking for references on the following: Spin structures on surfaces, and particularly the spin mapping class group. What is known about generating the spin mapping class group? Has anybody ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

Cohomology of Lie groups and Lie algebras

The length of this question has got a little bit out of hand. I apologize. Basically, this is a question about the relationship between the cohomology of Lie groups and Lie algebras, and maybe ...
104
votes
7answers
8k views

Proofs of Bott periodicity

K-theory sits in an intersection of a whole bunch of different fields, which has resulted in a huge variety of proof techniques for its basic results. For instance, here's a scattering of proofs of ...
13
votes
2answers
660 views

Is homology finitely generated as an algebra?

If a differential graded algebra is finitely generated as an algebra, is its homology finitely generated as an algebra? Is it easier if we impose any of the three conditions: characteristic zero; ...
8
votes
1answer
167 views

Are Brown representable functors determined by restriction to finite complexes?

Assume two $CW$ complexes $X,Y$ give two functors $h_X=[-,X], h_Y=[-,Y]$ on the homotopy category of $CW$ complexes whose restrictions to the full subcategory of finite $CW$ complexes are naturally ...
13
votes
1answer
300 views

Higher Cerf Theory

Morse functions on a manifold $M$ are defined as smooth maps $f:M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, such that at the critical points we can find local coordinates so that ...
0
votes
0answers
146 views

Goodwillie tower of $\Omega^n$?

What are layers of the Goodwillie tower of the functor "n-th iterated loop space" from based spaces to based spaces? I know the answer for n=0.
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Generator of $\pi_3(SU(4))$ in Mimura-Toda

In this paper of Mimura and Toda, tables are given for low-dimensional homotopy groups of $SU(3)$, $SU(4)$ and $Sp(2)$. As far as I understand it, Theorem 6.1 gives the generator of $\pi_3(SU(4))$ as ...
45
votes
11answers
5k views

What is Quantization ?

I would like to know what quantization is, I mean I would like to have some elementary examples, some soft nontechnical definition, some explanation about what do mathematicians quantize?, can we ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

The space of Fredholm operators as a classifying space

Is it true that the space of Fredholm operators on a separable Hilbert space is the classifying space for K-theory in the category of paracompact spaces? Everyone quotes the theorem of Atiyah-Janich ...
32
votes
11answers
3k views

Compelling evidence that two basepoints are better than one

This question is inspired by an answer of Tim Porter. Ronnie Brown pioneered a framework for homotopy theory in which one may consider multiple basepoints. These ideas are accessibly presented in his ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

When is the product of an infinite family of simplicial sets also a homotopy product?

The homotopy product of an infinite family of simplicial sets can be computed by deriving the product functor sSetW→sSet, for example, by performing the componentwise fibrant replacement using Kan's ...
37
votes
2answers
1k views

$H^4(BG,\mathbb Z)$ torsion free for $G$ a connected Lie group

Recently, prompted by considerations in conformal field theory, I was let to guess that for every compact connected Lie group $G$, the fourth cohomology group of it classifying space is torsion free. ...