# Tagged Questions

**19**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### Why localize spaces with respect to homology?

A basic construction in algebraic topology is the localization of spaces or spectra with respect to a homology theory: one formally inverts the $E$-homology isomorphisms, reflecting each space into ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Divisibility in homology/homotopy

I have a simply-connected CW-complex $F$ of finite-type, and I know that the imprimitivity of its particular integral homology is divisible by an odd prime $p$; that is,
$$ \forall n,\exists \delta, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

233 views

### Cech homology (!) of the Warsaw Circle

Can anyone can give me a reference to the fact that first Cech homology (not cohomology!) group of the Warsaw Circle is $\mathbb{R}$? Thank you in advance :)

**7**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### worked out examples in borel-moore homology

I'm trying to learn about BM homology. I've found a few references and they are all quite abstract and high-powered. I am actually familiar with derived categories and sheaves so I don't mind thinking ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Are totally degenerate chains null-homologous?

Let $X$ be a CW complex.
Suppose $\gamma\in C_n(X)$ is a cycle which is a sum of maps $\sigma:\Delta^n\to X$ which factor as $\Delta^n\to\mathbb R^{n-1}\to X$. Does it follow that $\gamma$ is ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

360 views

### Singular chains generated by manifolds with corners — does it really work?

Usually we define singular homology via the complex of singular chains:
$$C_\ast(X)=\bigoplus_{n\geq 0}\mathbb Z\langle\sigma:\Delta^n\to X\rangle$$
where the right hand side denotes the free abelian ...

**46**

votes

**15**answers

3k views

### Teaching homology via everyday examples

What stories, puzzles, games, paradoxes, toys, etc from everyday life are better understood after learning homology theory?
To be more precise, I am teaching a short course on homology, from ...

**11**

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**0**answers

443 views

### About maps inducing bijections on homotopy classes

Let us assume that $f:X \to Y$ is a map of connected CW complexes, having the following property: if $K$ is a finite CW complex, then the induced map $f_{\ast}:[K,X] \to [K,Y]$ on \emph{free} homotopy ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Does compactly supported cohomology make sense for cosimplicial spaces?

As far as I understand, whenever one has something (co)simplicial in spaces, one should take a sort of diagonal to reduce the study to a single space. I'm never sure though whether one preserves only ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

41 views

### Natural isomorphism between locally finite homology and homology of one-point compactifcation of a forward tame ANR

Let $X,Y$ be a locally compact, separable, metric ANR that is forward tame, which means that for some closed subset $V\subseteq X$ such that $\overline{X\smallsetminus V}$ is compact a proper map ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### The Image of the Mod 2 Homology of BSp in the Homology of BSO

I'm essentially trying to figure out exactly what the title asks for. I've been scouring old Seminaires Henri Cartan and books by Stong to try to see exactly how to do this, but the combination of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

213 views

### Dimension of the homology group with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$

I asked this on math.stackexchange.com, but didn't get a single answer.
Charles Weibel writes in his survey of homological algebra
Riemann defined a surface $S$ to be $(n + 1)$-fold
connected ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

491 views

### On the wikipedia entry for Borel-Moore homology

The wikipedia page on Borel-Moore homology claims to give several definitions of it,
all of which are supposed to coincide for those spaces $X$ which are homotopy equivalent to a finite CW complex and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Twisted product structure on product of Eilenberg-MacLane spaces

The product of Eilenberg-MacLane spaces $K(\mathbb{Z}/2,1) \times K(\mathbb{Z}/2,2)$ is an $H$-space with respect to a "twisted product structure", where you add the product of the first entries to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Finding null-homologous curves via the matrix equation $AB^iC^jx=0$

Motivation: I have a family of curves obtained from a single curve by repeatedly applying two automorphisms of the surface (Dehn twists to be specific). I am interested in the images of these curves ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Subvarieties with different topology representing the same cycle

Let $X$ be a topological space, and $Y,Z$ be subspaces. My question is a bit vague and open-ended: when is it the case that, if $Y$ and $Z$ represent the same (nonzero) cycle in homology, then $Y$ and ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

298 views

### A description of cellular boundary maps in terms of a Morse function

I'm writing a paper on classical Morse Theory and I'm interested in applying Morse functions to the computation of homology groups of a compact manifold $M$. The standard way in which this is done is ...

**0**

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**0**answers

176 views

### Question on Steenrod realizability problem

René Thom proved that for any topological space $X$, any integral homology class of $X$ (of any degree) has an odd multiple that is the pushforward of the fundamental class of a smooth compact ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### What are the applications of Dowker's theorem?

Let $R \subset X \times Y$ be any relation between sets $X$ and $Y$. CH Dowker constructed two simplicial complexes $K$ and $L$ associated to $R$:
a simplex in $K$ consists of finitely many elements ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

561 views

### Homology classes of subvarieties of toric varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth proper toric variety, $Z\subseteq X$ a smooth subvariety.
Is the fundamental class $[Z] \in H_\ast(X) = A_\ast(X)$ nonzero?
Background
If $X$ is a Kaehler variety, this is ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

756 views

### Computer-aided homology computations

Background
I am currently working on the homology of some moduli space and there exists a much simpler chain complex with the same homology.
It is a quotient of a bisimplicial complex by a ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Torsion in $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$ induced by torsion in $H_1(X,\mathbb{Z})$

Let $X$ be a topological space. The universal coefficient theorem says that there is a short exact sequence
$$
0\rightarrow Ext(H_{k-1}(X,\mathbb{Z}),\mathbb{Z})\rightarrow ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### A map inducing isomorphisms on homology but not on homotopy

As a consequence of the Whitehead theorem, Spanier's Algebraic Topology book has on 7.6.25 the following theorem:
A weak homotopy equivalence induces isomorphisms of the corresponding integral ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

320 views

### finite complex with non-finitely generated homology with local coefficients

I am looking for an explicit example, if one exists, of a (pointed) finite connected CW-complex $X$ such that some homology group with local coefficients $H_n(X,{\mathbb Z}[\pi_1 X])$ is not a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### Bitopological spaces and algebraic topology

Is it possible to introduce the concept of bitopological spaces such as $(X,T_1,T_2)$ (introduced by J.C.Kelly see Proc. London Math. Soc. (3) 13 (1963) 71–89 MR0143169, J.C. Kelly) in the homotopy ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

436 views

### Is the singular homology of a real algebraic set always finitely generated?

Here is a precise statement of my question:
Let $p\in \mathbb{R}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ be a polynomial, and let $Z(p)\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be the set of zeros of $p$. Must the singular homology $H_i ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

873 views

### Is it true that all real projective space $RP^n$ can not be smoothly embedded in $R^{n+1}$ for n >1

So first for n even, $RP^n$ is not orientable, hence can not be embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$.
For odd n, $RP^{n}$ is orientable, hence the normal bundle is trivial. Now using stiefel-Whitney ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

587 views

### Homology of Covering Spaces

Let $A$ be a subgroup of a group $G$. Then since $A$ is a subgroup of the fundamental group $\pi_1(K(G,1))=G$, there is a covering space $p\colon Y\to K(G,1)$ with $p_*(\pi_1(Y))=A$. So the homology ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

586 views

### Massey Products vs. $A_\infty$-Structures

Does anyone know a good reference for a proof of the fact that given a dga $A$, an $A_\infty$-structure on $HA$ is ''the same'' as coherent choices for all of the higher Massey products of $HA$? More ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

614 views

### Does the bordism homology theory satisfy the weak equivalence axiom?

There is an interesting and important homology theory called bordism. Briefly speaking, a singular manifold in a space $X$ is a pair $(M, f)$ where $M$ is a closed smooth manifold and $f : M \to X$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

369 views

### Rational Homology of a Covering Space

I have heard that the rational homology of a covering space is easy to compute, compared with the ordinary homology. However, I don't know any details about that. Can anyone help me? Any reference ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

389 views

### Computing the homology groups of spaces in a fibration

Let $F\rightarrow X\rightarrow B$ be a fibration. If we know very well the spaces $F$ and $B$ and wish to compute the homology of $X$. One possible tool is the Serre Spectral Sequence. However, it ...

**12**

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**2**answers

586 views

### Are acyclic subcomplexes of finite contractible 2-complexes contractible?

Let $Y$ be a contractible finite simplicial 2-complex.
Let $X$ be an acyclic subcomplex of $Y$ (i.e. $X$ connected, $H_1(X)=0$, $H_2(X)=0$).
Is $X$ contractible? (Equivalently, is $\pi_1(X)$ ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

942 views

### Geometric Interpretation of the Lower Central Series for the Fundamental Group?

For any group G we can form the lower central series of normal subgroups by taking $G_0 = G$, $G_1 = [G,G]$, $G_{i+1} = [G,G_i]$. We can check this gives a normal chain
$G_0 > G_1 > ... > ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Homology theory constructed in a homotopy-invariant way

Singular homology sends homotopic morphisms on equal morphisms and weakly equivalent spaces on isomorphic objects. So singular homology is in fact defined on the homotopy category of topological ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Examples of non-simply connected manifolds with trivial H^1

It is known that, if a topological space is simply connected,its first homology group vanishes. The converse is not true, since for every presentation of a (say, finite) perfect group G we can ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Third bordism group of BG, where G is an arbitrary compact Lie group.

Is anything known about $\Omega_3(BG)$, where $G$ is an arbitrary compact Lie group; i.e., is it possible to describe the structure of $\Omega_3(BG)$ for any compact Lie group? I know that $H_3(BG)$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

394 views

### Homology of a region of the plane

This is related to this MO question, I don't know if it's really "research-level". As in that question, let $U$ be a domain of the complex plane $\mathbb{C}$, i.e. an open connected subset. Let
$$ ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

413 views

### Ordinal-indexed homology theory?

Back when I was a grad student sitting in on Mike Freedman's topology seminar at UCSD, he posed the following question. Does there exist a good homology theory $H_{\alpha}(X)$ where $\alpha$ is an ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

512 views

### Can homologous submanifolds be connected by an immersed manifold with boundary?

Supposed I have an n-dimensional manifold M with a k-dimensional submanifold that is homologous to zero (or, equivalently, two homologous submanifolds). Can I always construct a k+1-dimensional ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### Algorithm that decreases the size of the simplicial triangulation

Hello!
Let X be a topological space. We are considering only abstract simplicial complexes, i.e. a finite list of finite lists of integers. Is there any algorithm (more or less efficient?), that ...

**24**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Spaces with same homotopy and homology groups that are not homotopy equivalent?

A common caution about Whitehead's theorem is that you need the map between the spaces; it's easy to give examples of spaces with isomorphic homotopy groups that are not homotopy equivalent. (See Are ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

621 views

### Proof of the ''trangression theorem''

Here is what I would call the transgression theorem. Let $X$ be a pointed space and $\Omega X$ its loop space. There are two maps $H_{p}(\Omega X) \to H_{p+1}(X)$ which should be the same. I am ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

908 views

### Deformation theory of co-$A_\infty$ structures.

The following question is related to my previous post on co-$A_\infty$ spaces (co-$A_\infty$ spaces), but goes in a somewhat different direction.
Some Background:
In trying to classify $A_\infty$ ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### How to triangulate real projective spaces (as simplicial complexes in Mathematica)?

Hello!
I have written a program in Mathematica 7, which calculates for a (finite abstract) simplicial complex all its homology groups. I would really like to test it on the projective spaces, but ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

678 views

### Simple examples of equivariant homology and bordism

I'm looking for simple examples of calculations of equivariant homology and of equivariant bordism.
I have a finite group G acting on an CW-complex X. I would like to calculate the equivariant ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there a map of spectra implementing the Thom isomorphism?

A well known theorem in algebraic topology relates the (co)homology of the Thom space $X^\mu$ of a orientable vector bundle $\mu$ of dimension $n$ over a space $X$ to the (co)homology of $X$ itself: ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

939 views

### Simple curves on non-orientable surfaces.

Given an element in the (first) homology group of a surface, I would like to know if it can be represented as a simple closed curve. For orientable surfaces, this is well-known, but I wasn't able to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

733 views

### Homology is computable because it is stable under suspension

I've heard it said that the reason why the homology groups of a space are a computable invariant is because they are a stable invariant in the sense that they are stable under suspension.
I'm ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

769 views

### Are the homology and cohomology Serre spectral sequences dual to each other?

If we use homology and cohomology over a field $k$, if a space has homology and cohomology groups of finite type in each degree, then $H_\ast(X;k)$ is dual to $H^\ast(X;k)$ using the universal ...