1
vote
0answers
81 views

Thom-Pontryagin construction for pairs

Is there a generalization of the Thom-Pontryagin construction in the following sense? Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, $\partial M=A\cup B$ where $A$ and $B$ are $m-1$-manifolds with a common boundary ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Connection between framed cobordisms and zero sets

Let $W\subseteq M\times[0,1]$ be a framed submanifold (a framed cobordism in $M$) and $2w<m-1$ where $w,m=\dim W,M$. Assume that $M$ is compact and that $W\cap M\times \{0\}$ is the zero set of a ...
11
votes
0answers
320 views

Homotopy equivalence vs weak homotopy equivalence in Gromov's h-principle

My question concerns Gromov's h-principle for open diffeomorphism-invariant partial differential relations on open manifolds; see e.g. Eliashberg/Mishachev: Introduction to the h-principle, §6.2.A and ...
6
votes
2answers
137 views

Topological relationships between family of transversal intersections of manifolds

Let $M$ and $N$ be submanifolds of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $a(t)$ be a smooth path in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $M+a(t)$ intersects $N$ transversally for all $t \in [0,1]$. Is there a nice relationship ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

Analytic maps in homotopy classes

Let $\mathcal M$ be a compact connected real-analytic manifold. It is well known that every continuous map $f\colon\mathcal M\to\mathbb S^1$ is homotopic to a smooth map. My question is the following. ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

restriction to the boundary in Morse theory

Given a compact manifold with boundary $(M,\partial M)$. There is a natural pullback map $$ H^*(M) \to H^*(\partial M) $$ I'm wondering if there is a reference that: 1) constructs this map in ...
4
votes
2answers
182 views

Question about lower homology class of cobordism

Assume there are three differential oriented manifold $M_0$, $M_1$, $W$ with $\partial W= M_0 \coprod -M_1$. Denote dim $M_0$=dim $M_1$=n, and dim W=n+1. We know that for the highest homology class, ...
11
votes
3answers
744 views

Which submanifolds are zero sets of $\mathbb{R}^n$-valued maps?

If $M$ is a smooth, compact, orientable manifold, then any framed submanifold $N$ is the preimage $f^{-1}(y) $ for a smooth sphere-valued map $f$ transversal to $y$, with the framing of the normal ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Invariant of isotopy of curves in a surface.

Suppose $S_g$ is a sorface of genus $g>1$. Let $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ be two simple closed curves containing points $p_1, p_2$. Suppose $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ are isotopic. Now there can be ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

How to classify continuous/differentiable maps from $T^2$ to $U(N)$?

I read a physics paper, of which the main idea is based on the topological classification of maps from 3-torus to the space of $N\times N$ unitary matrices. To quote their equation (4), which gives a ...
10
votes
0answers
180 views

A simple proof that parallelizable oriented closed manifolds are oriented boundary?

So let $M$ be a smooth closed orientable real manifold such that $M$ is parallelizable, i.e., the tangent space $TM$ of $M$ is trivial. From the triviality of $TM$ we get that the Stiefel-Whitney and ...
10
votes
0answers
275 views

Topological type of Brieskorn manifolds

Let us consider the complex hypersurface and suppose that $n\geq 3$: $$F(d,n)=\{(z_0,\ldots,z_n)\in \mathbb{C}^{n+1}:z_0^d+z_1^d+\ldots+z_n^d=0\}$$ and the link $V(d,n)=F(d,n)\cap S^{2n+1}_{\epsilon}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Twisted calibrations and sufficient conditions on homology of sub-manifolds

I think my question is somehow easy to solve, but I'm not very familiar with algebraic topology, so I'm not able to figure out the solution for myself. I'm working on a problem in metric geometry and ...
2
votes
0answers
198 views

Invariants of solutions of systems of equations

What can be said about invariants of zero set of a function that don't change under small enough continuous perturbations of the functions? I define an $\epsilon$-perturbation $g$ of $f$ to be any ...
7
votes
2answers
301 views

Reference Request: Compact manifolds with boundary have the homotopy type of a CW-complex

Let $M$ be a compact manifold (possibly non-smooth) manifold with boundary $\partial M$. Is the inclusion $\partial M\hookrightarrow M$ homotopy equivalent to the inclusion of a subcomplex into a ...
3
votes
0answers
121 views

Robust Invariants of a solution of systems of equations

Let $X$ be a $k$-dimensional triangulated manifold and $A:=\partial X$ be its boundary. Let $f:X\to R^d$ be a continuous function such that $g:=f|_{A\cup X^{(i-1)}}$ avoids zero and let $z_g\in Z^{i} ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Normal tubular neighborhood theorem for semi(or pseudo)-riemannian manifolds

Suppose you have a manifold $M$ and a closed sub-manifold $A$, and let $g$ be a semi-riemannian metric,ie, $g_x$ defines a quadratic form on $T_xM$ such that $g_x(v,v)\ge0$, but $g_x(v,v)=0$ not ...
-1
votes
2answers
172 views

Restriction of a line bundle to a two-cycle

I am reading a paper on Chiral Differential Operators http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/0604179v3.pdf and it says on page 23 that a line bundle over a manifold C can be characterized completely by its ...
6
votes
1answer
336 views

What is the relation between Lefschetz fixed point theorem and Poincare-Hopf theorem on vector fields?

In Dubrovin/Fomenko/Novikov Modern geometry--Methods and applications, Part II, the (Poincare-)Hopf theorem is treated in section 15.2 (see theorem 15.2.7 on page 129), while the Lefschetz theorem on ...
8
votes
1answer
476 views

Pontryagin numbers on manifolds with an $S^1$-action

Let $M$ is a smooth compact manifold with an $S^1$-action with isolated fixed points. Suppose the representation of $S^1$ at tangent spaces at all fixed points is known. Can one then find all ...
8
votes
4answers
460 views

Cohomology classes represented by submanifolds

Let $Y\subset X$ be a codimension $k$ proper inclusion of submanifolds. If we choose a coorientation of $Y$ inside of $X$ (that is, an orientation of the normal bundle), then we get a class $[Y]\in ...
6
votes
1answer
333 views

consequence of Novikov conjecture

Novikov conjeture is a famous open problem in Geometric topology.It predicts that higher signature is oriented-homotopy invariant. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novikov_conjecture I am a student ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

how to obtain a generalized Morse function out of a fiber bundle?

I already asked this question in MSE but did not get any answer/comment yet. Let $M\to E\to B$ be a smooth fiber bundle. In "Parametrized Morse Theory and Its Applications,(Proceedings of the ICM, ...
15
votes
2answers
837 views

Converse to Stokes' Theorem

Does satisfying Stokes' Theorem imply that a form is linear? Let $M$ be an $n$-manifold. A differential $k$-form $\omega \in \Omega^k M$ assigns to each point $x \in M$ a function $\omega_x : ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Connecting two hypersurfaces in R^{n+1} by embedded curves

Let $M^n$ be a smooth closed embedded hupersurface in $\mathbb R^{n+1}$. Denote by $D$ the bounded connected component of $\mathbb R^{n+1}\backslash M$. We assume that $\mathbb R^{n+1}\backslash D$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Existence of global sections of fibration over simply connected manifold [closed]

Let $M$ be a simply connected compact manifold with or without boundary. Let $\pi:F\rightarrow M$ be a fibration which is locally trivial, where the fibers are smooth manifolds of infinite dimension. ...
4
votes
2answers
220 views

good reference on brieskorn manifold

I am trying to learn something on the Brieskorn manifold (interested in the topological property) Can the Mathoverflow Experts give me some good refencece (in English)? By the way,is there an ...
3
votes
1answer
303 views

Spin structures and divisibility of cohomology classes

Let me begin with some motivation. In calculating the Chern-Simons invariant of a $U(1)$ connection $A$ on a 3-manifold $M$, we can proceed by picking a bounding 4-manifold $X$ with $\partial X = M$ ...
5
votes
0answers
143 views

A classification of smooth $S^1$-actions on $\mathbb CP^3$?

Question 1. Is there a classification of smooth $S^1$-actions with isolated fixed points on the standard $\mathbb CP^3$? Question 2. What if one additionally imposes the condition that the action ...
6
votes
3answers
308 views

Cobordism and finite sheeted covers of manifolds

Let $M$ be an oriented manifold, not necessarily compact. Let $M'$ be a (finite) $k$-sheeted cover and let $\pi:M'\longrightarrow M$ be the covering map. Question 1 : Is it true that $M'$ is ...
7
votes
3answers
659 views

smooth manifolds as real algebraic set (continued)

There are several ways of producing manifolds,say: 1.orbits space of group action 2.connected sum of manifolds 3.underlying topological space of nonsingular algebraic set .... here,i am ...
6
votes
1answer
254 views

Iterated Milnor fibrations and Thom's a_f condition

Ok so there's a lot of litterature about nearby cycles functor since it was introduced by Grothendieck and Deligne but I couldn't find any clear answer to the following natural question: Problem: Let ...
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Extending a 2-frame field - manifolds with boundary

If $M$ is an orientable compact 3-manifold with boundary such that there is defined $s\in\Gamma(\partial M,V_2(TM))$ a section of the 2-frame bundle of $TM$, then $s$ extends to $\tilde ...
12
votes
2answers
814 views

Converse of Poincaré-Hopf theorem

Let $M$ be a connected, compact, oriented manifold of dimension $n<7$. If any two maps $M \to M$ having equal degrees are homotopic, must $M$ be diffeomorphic to the $n$-sphere?
10
votes
1answer
234 views

Analogue of singularity theory in other categories

Whitney, Thom, Mather, Arnold and others develoved the singularity theory of smooth maps. Does there exist any analogue of this theory in the category of TOP or PL (or Lipschitz) maps? I mean notions ...
4
votes
2answers
360 views

Is there an analogous concept for the degree of a map, when the spaces are singular?

Let $M$ and $N$ be two smooth compact, oriented manifolds and $X\subset M$ an oriented submanifold of $M$ of dimension $k$ (not necessarily closed). Suppose in addition that $\bar{X}-X$ is contained ...
7
votes
1answer
286 views

Realization problem for Betti numbers

In Analysis Situs, Poincaré studies the following question: which sequences of integers $b_0,\ldots,b_n$ are the Betti numbers of an orientable compact manifold of dimension $n$?. He knows that ...
8
votes
1answer
342 views

Construction of exotic spheres that do not bound parallelizable manifolds

There are at least two ways to construct homotopy spheres that bound parallelizable manifolds, namely Milnor's plumbing construction and Brieskorn's method of singularities, and each of these methods ...
7
votes
1answer
467 views

Cancellation law for $M^n\times \mathbb R= N^n\times \mathbb R$.

Assume $M^n$ and $N^n$ are null bordant, i.e. each can be realized as boundary of an $n+1$ dimensional manifold. Suppose $M^n \times \mathbb R$ is homeomorphic to $N^n\times \mathbb R$. Is there any ...
7
votes
2answers
359 views

Sum of two tangent bundles of $S^{2n}$

I was wondering if the sum $TS^{2n}\oplus TS^{2n}$ is a trivial bundle? The same is true for spheres of odd dimension (one can find a nowhere zero section of the second bundle, add it to the first, ...
2
votes
0answers
210 views

Counting smooth structures on manifolds

Kervaire and Milnor found a formula for the number of smooth structures on the $4n - 1$ sphere (see, e.g. the last part of this MO answer). It is relatively easy to compute the number of smooth ...
10
votes
1answer
427 views

Results from Differential Cohomology

I've been working through some notes on differential cohomology for the past few months. I feel like I have a pretty decent grasp on the concepts and its construction, at least for differential ...
7
votes
1answer
307 views

A description of cellular boundary maps in terms of a Morse function

I'm writing a paper on classical Morse Theory and I'm interested in applying Morse functions to the computation of homology groups of a compact manifold $M$. The standard way in which this is done is ...
1
vote
0answers
208 views

Does the closure of a ``nice'' smooth submanifold define a homology class?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact, oriented manifold. Let $X$ be a submanifold which is of the following type $$X := \{ p \in M: \psi(p) =0, ~~\varphi(p) \neq 0 \} $$ where $$ \psi: M \rightarrow V, ...
0
votes
1answer
443 views

Does the closure of a smooth algebraic always define a homology class?

Let $X\subset \mathbb{C} \mathbb{P}^{N}$ be a smooth, algebraic (locally closed) complex submanifold of $\mathbb{C} \mathbb{P}^N$ of complex dimension $k$. More concretely, $X$ is of the ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

4D TQFT from a modular tensor category

I know the construction of a 3D topological quantum field theory (TQFT) from a modular tensor category. I heard that we can even (mathematically) construct 4D TQFT from a modular tensor category. I ...
6
votes
5answers
430 views

Tubular neighborhoods of chains

A positive answer to the following question would be very helpful in understanding the evaluation of differential cohomology classes on chains. Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and $c$ be a smooth ...
8
votes
2answers
321 views

Are there analogous statements for the number of zeros of a section in terms of the Euler class, even when the relevant spaces are not manifolds?

Let $V \rightarrow M$ be an oriented rank $k$ vector bundle over a compact orientd manifold $M$. Let $X \subset M$ be a compact topological subspace of $M$ that is a smooth oriented submanifold of ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

Seifert surfaces via Alexander duality

If we take a knot $K$ in $S^3$, there are several ways to construct the associated Seifert surface. One way, which I am not familiar with, I just came across in a paper I am reading. It goes like ...
2
votes
4answers
829 views

Line bundle on $S^2$

How do you prove that a line bundle (vector bundle of rank 1) on $S^2$ is isomorphic to the trivial line bundle? Can you give a reference? Thanks.