# Tagged Questions

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### Thom-Pontryagin construction for pairs

Is there a generalization of the Thom-Pontryagin construction in the following sense? Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, $\partial M=A\cup B$ where $A$ and $B$ are $m-1$-manifolds with a common boundary ...
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### Connection between framed cobordisms and zero sets

Let $W\subseteq M\times[0,1]$ be a framed submanifold (a framed cobordism in $M$) and $2w<m-1$ where $w,m=\dim W,M$. Assume that $M$ is compact and that $W\cap M\times \{0\}$ is the zero set of a ...
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### Homotopy equivalence vs weak homotopy equivalence in Gromov's h-principle

My question concerns Gromov's h-principle for open diffeomorphism-invariant partial differential relations on open manifolds; see e.g. Eliashberg/Mishachev: Introduction to the h-principle, §6.2.A and ...
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### Topological relationships between family of transversal intersections of manifolds

Let $M$ and $N$ be submanifolds of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $a(t)$ be a smooth path in $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that $M+a(t)$ intersects $N$ transversally for all $t \in [0,1]$. Is there a nice relationship ...
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### Analytic maps in homotopy classes

Let $\mathcal M$ be a compact connected real-analytic manifold. It is well known that every continuous map $f\colon\mathcal M\to\mathbb S^1$ is homotopic to a smooth map. My question is the following. ...
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### restriction to the boundary in Morse theory

Given a compact manifold with boundary $(M,\partial M)$. There is a natural pullback map $$H^*(M) \to H^*(\partial M)$$ I'm wondering if there is a reference that: 1) constructs this map in ...
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### Question about lower homology class of cobordism

Assume there are three differential oriented manifold $M_0$, $M_1$, $W$ with $\partial W= M_0 \coprod -M_1$. Denote dim $M_0$=dim $M_1$=n, and dim W=n+1. We know that for the highest homology class, ...
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### Which submanifolds are zero sets of $\mathbb{R}^n$-valued maps?

If $M$ is a smooth, compact, orientable manifold, then any framed submanifold $N$ is the preimage $f^{-1}(y)$ for a smooth sphere-valued map $f$ transversal to $y$, with the framing of the normal ...
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### Invariant of isotopy of curves in a surface.

Suppose $S_g$ is a sorface of genus $g>1$. Let $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ be two simple closed curves containing points $p_1, p_2$. Suppose $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ are isotopic. Now there can be ...
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### How to classify continuous/differentiable maps from $T^2$ to $U(N)$?

I read a physics paper, of which the main idea is based on the topological classification of maps from 3-torus to the space of $N\times N$ unitary matrices. To quote their equation (4), which gives a ...
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### A simple proof that parallelizable oriented closed manifolds are oriented boundary?

So let $M$ be a smooth closed orientable real manifold such that $M$ is parallelizable, i.e., the tangent space $TM$ of $M$ is trivial. From the triviality of $TM$ we get that the Stiefel-Whitney and ...
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### Topological type of Brieskorn manifolds

Let us consider the complex hypersurface and suppose that $n\geq 3$: $$F(d,n)=\{(z_0,\ldots,z_n)\in \mathbb{C}^{n+1}:z_0^d+z_1^d+\ldots+z_n^d=0\}$$ and the link $V(d,n)=F(d,n)\cap S^{2n+1}_{\epsilon}$ ...
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### Twisted calibrations and sufficient conditions on homology of sub-manifolds

I think my question is somehow easy to solve, but I'm not very familiar with algebraic topology, so I'm not able to figure out the solution for myself. I'm working on a problem in metric geometry and ...
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### Invariants of solutions of systems of equations

What can be said about invariants of zero set of a function that don't change under small enough continuous perturbations of the functions? I define an $\epsilon$-perturbation $g$ of $f$ to be any ...
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### Reference Request: Compact manifolds with boundary have the homotopy type of a CW-complex

Let $M$ be a compact manifold (possibly non-smooth) manifold with boundary $\partial M$. Is the inclusion $\partial M\hookrightarrow M$ homotopy equivalent to the inclusion of a subcomplex into a ...
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### consequence of Novikov conjecture

Novikov conjeture is a famous open problem in Geometric topology.It predicts that higher signature is oriented-homotopy invariant. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novikov_conjecture I am a student ...
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### how to obtain a generalized Morse function out of a fiber bundle?

I already asked this question in MSE but did not get any answer/comment yet. Let $M\to E\to B$ be a smooth fiber bundle. In "Parametrized Morse Theory and Its Applications,(Proceedings of the ICM, ...
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### Converse of Poincaré-Hopf theorem

Let $M$ be a connected, compact, oriented manifold of dimension $n<7$. If any two maps $M \to M$ having equal degrees are homotopic, must $M$ be diffeomorphic to the $n$-sphere?
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### Analogue of singularity theory in other categories

Whitney, Thom, Mather, Arnold and others develoved the singularity theory of smooth maps. Does there exist any analogue of this theory in the category of TOP or PL (or Lipschitz) maps? I mean notions ...
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### Is there an analogous concept for the degree of a map, when the spaces are singular?

Let $M$ and $N$ be two smooth compact, oriented manifolds and $X\subset M$ an oriented submanifold of $M$ of dimension $k$ (not necessarily closed). Suppose in addition that $\bar{X}-X$ is contained ...
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### Realization problem for Betti numbers

In Analysis Situs, Poincaré studies the following question: which sequences of integers $b_0,\ldots,b_n$ are the Betti numbers of an orientable compact manifold of dimension $n$?. He knows that ...
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### Construction of exotic spheres that do not bound parallelizable manifolds

There are at least two ways to construct homotopy spheres that bound parallelizable manifolds, namely Milnor's plumbing construction and Brieskorn's method of singularities, and each of these methods ...
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### Cancellation law for $M^n\times \mathbb R= N^n\times \mathbb R$.

Assume $M^n$ and $N^n$ are null bordant, i.e. each can be realized as boundary of an $n+1$ dimensional manifold. Suppose $M^n \times \mathbb R$ is homeomorphic to $N^n\times \mathbb R$. Is there any ...
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### Sum of two tangent bundles of $S^{2n}$

I was wondering if the sum $TS^{2n}\oplus TS^{2n}$ is a trivial bundle? The same is true for spheres of odd dimension (one can find a nowhere zero section of the second bundle, add it to the first, ...
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### Counting smooth structures on manifolds

Kervaire and Milnor found a formula for the number of smooth structures on the $4n - 1$ sphere (see, e.g. the last part of this MO answer). It is relatively easy to compute the number of smooth ...
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### Results from Differential Cohomology

I've been working through some notes on differential cohomology for the past few months. I feel like I have a pretty decent grasp on the concepts and its construction, at least for differential ...
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### A description of cellular boundary maps in terms of a Morse function

I'm writing a paper on classical Morse Theory and I'm interested in applying Morse functions to the computation of homology groups of a compact manifold $M$. The standard way in which this is done is ...
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### Does the closure of a nice'' smooth submanifold define a homology class?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact, oriented manifold. Let $X$ be a submanifold which is of the following type $$X := \{ p \in M: \psi(p) =0, ~~\varphi(p) \neq 0 \}$$ where  \psi: M \rightarrow V, ...
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### Does the closure of a smooth algebraic always define a homology class?

Let $X\subset \mathbb{C} \mathbb{P}^{N}$ be a smooth, algebraic (locally closed) complex submanifold of $\mathbb{C} \mathbb{P}^N$ of complex dimension $k$. More concretely, $X$ is of the ...
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### 4D TQFT from a modular tensor category

I know the construction of a 3D topological quantum field theory (TQFT) from a modular tensor category. I heard that we can even (mathematically) construct 4D TQFT from a modular tensor category. I ...
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### Tubular neighborhoods of chains

A positive answer to the following question would be very helpful in understanding the evaluation of differential cohomology classes on chains. Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and $c$ be a smooth ...
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### Are there analogous statements for the number of zeros of a section in terms of the Euler class, even when the relevant spaces are not manifolds?

Let $V \rightarrow M$ be an oriented rank $k$ vector bundle over a compact orientd manifold $M$. Let $X \subset M$ be a compact topological subspace of $M$ that is a smooth oriented submanifold of ...
If we take a knot $K$ in $S^3$, there are several ways to construct the associated Seifert surface. One way, which I am not familiar with, I just came across in a paper I am reading. It goes like ...
### Line bundle on $S^2$
How do you prove that a line bundle (vector bundle of rank 1) on $S^2$ is isomorphic to the trivial line bundle? Can you give a reference? Thanks.