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44
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0answers
3k views

What is an étale theta function?

Let me start out by urging you to take seriously that whatever I write about the papers surrounding IUTT really are questions. If you would like to use it as a guide to the mathematics in any way, ...
18
votes
0answers
572 views

function field analogy and global/absolute geometry

The "function field analogy" seems to be a topic that is considerably bigger than any one existing writeup conveys. There are several old question on MO and and MathSE that ask for details. One of the ...
18
votes
0answers
362 views

Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...
17
votes
0answers
457 views

On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...
17
votes
0answers
583 views

Smooth proper schemes over Z with points everywhere locally

This is a variation on Poonen's question, taking Buzzard's fabulous example into account. It was earlier a part of this other question. Question. Is there a smooth proper scheme ...
16
votes
0answers
984 views

Two conjectures by Gabber on Brauer and Picard groups

In a paper I need to make reference to 2 conjectures by Gabber (see Conjectures 2 and 3, page 1975) http://www.mfo.de/programme/schedule/2004/32/OWR_2004_37.pdf 1) Let $R$ be a strictly henselian ...
14
votes
0answers
275 views

Is the absolute Galois group of the rationals Hopfian?

Is every continuous epimorphism from the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself injective?
12
votes
0answers
117 views

$p$-Adic or arithmetic variants of Khovanskii's “low complexity $\Rightarrow$ tame topology” theory

This question is prompted by a remark I made in a comment to Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?, which was that Descartes's observation (cf. his rule of signs, etc.), that the number of real ...
12
votes
0answers
263 views

Artin L-function and Zeta function of twisted Dirac operator

If one thinks of a Frobenius as an element in the fundamental group of an arithmetic curve and of a Galois representation $\sigma$ as a flat connection on the curve, then the definition of the Artin ...
12
votes
0answers
559 views

Points of bounded height in a number field

Let $K$ be a number field of absolute degree $d$, let $B$ be a positive real number, and write $S(K, B) = \{x \in K : H(x) \leq B\}$. Here $H$ is the absolute multiplicative height of an algebraic ...
11
votes
0answers
591 views

Meaningful review of Moriwaki's “Arakelov Geometry”

I have been asked to write a mathscinet review for Atsushi Moriwaki's Arakelov Geometry book: http://www.ams.org/bookstore-getitem/item=mmono-244 I could do the review the standard way in a day or ...
11
votes
0answers
354 views

Can an abelian variety/Q have no non-trivial points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial? This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...
11
votes
0answers
444 views

Why does $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ have a Hodge-Tate structure?

Let $X$ be a variety over a $p$-adic field $K$. Is there a simple or intuitive explanation of why the $G_K$ representation $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ is Hodge-Tate? More precisely, why do the powers ...
11
votes
0answers
876 views

Effective proofs of Siegel's theorem using arithmetic geometry

This is a speculation and perhaps naive. The theorem of Siegel that There exist only finitely many integral points on a curve of genus $\geq 1$ over a number ring $\mathcal O_{K, S}$ where $S$ is ...
10
votes
0answers
156 views

Totally real points on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective (geometrically integral) curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g \geq 3$. Suppose that $X(\mathbb{R}) \neq \emptyset$. Does $X$ have a point defined over a ...
10
votes
0answers
204 views

Purity for abelian schemes up to $p$-isogenies

Let $S$ be a noetherian excellent regular scheme and $U\subset S$ an everywhere dense open of codimension $\geq 2$. For some fibered categories of geometric objects, it makes sense to ask whether the ...
9
votes
0answers
386 views

Paths in $\mathrm{Spec} \, \mathbb{Z}$ and Kim's proof of Siegel's theorem for $\mathbb{P}^1 \setminus \{0,1,\infty\}$

This is motivated by a basic number theory question I asked the previous day: Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$? I noted there that the answer to the ...
9
votes
0answers
199 views

Relation between the arithmetic Frobenius and the Frobenius of the $\varphi$-module of an unramified representation

Let $K$ be a complete discrete valuation field of mixed characteristic $(0,p)$ with perfect residue field $k$. Suppose $V$ is an unramified representation with associated continuous homomorphism ...
9
votes
0answers
413 views

Torelli-like theorem for K3 surfaces on terms of its étale cohomology

Is there a proof of a Torelli-like Theorem for a K3-surface over any field (non complex) in terms of its etale or crystalline cohomology? For example: If $K\ne \mathbb{C} $ and $X\rightarrow ...
9
votes
0answers
366 views

Is there an algorithm which determines if a curve has good reduction outside a given set of primes

Fix a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$, a finite set of places $S$ in $K$, an integer $g$ and a curve $X$ over $K$ of genus $g$. Is there an algorithm which tells you if $X$ has good reduction outside ...
9
votes
0answers
363 views

Crystalline realization of mixed Tate motives

Deligne and Goncharov, in their article of 2005, mention that the crystalline realization functor has yet to be worked out. What's the current state of the literature on this? And how big of an issue ...
9
votes
0answers
467 views

An analogue of Deligne-Lusztig theory for positive depth representations?

Deligne-Lusztig theory is an important tool in understanding the depth zero representations of $p$-adic groups. Is there an analogue of Deligne-Lusztig theory that helps in understanding positive ...
8
votes
0answers
133 views

Distribution of Mordell–Weil ranks of higher genus curves

By "nice curve", I mean a smooth, projective, geometrically integral curve over $\newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}\newcommand{\Jac}{\operatorname{Jac}}\Q$ with at least one $\Q$-rational point. The ...
8
votes
0answers
202 views

congruences of level 1 and level p modular forms

I've been carrying out some experiments on the computer and I noticed the following congruence phenomenon: fixing a prime $p$, it seems that any modular form over $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ and of weight $k ...
8
votes
0answers
190 views

Corresponding notion of unramified for motives (or de Rham cohomology)

The etale cohomolgoy of a variety $X$ over a number field $K$ is a Galois representation of $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline K/K)$ with some properties coming from $X$, e.g., it is unramified outside $S$ if ...
7
votes
0answers
199 views

Is the compositum of all quadratic extensions of the rationals an ample field?

Let $K$ be the compositum of all quadratic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$, that is $$K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d} \ : \ d \in \mathbb{Q}).$$ Is there a (geometrically irreducible) smooth variety ...
7
votes
0answers
170 views

Almost rational point

Let $X$ be a variety over a number field $K$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. Is there a notion of a point $p \in X(\overline{K})$ to be "almost rational" in the following sense?: $p$ and ...
7
votes
0answers
173 views

Lattice radial-step (ratchet) spirals

(30Oct13: Now solved; see Addendum.) Define a curve, a ratchet spiral, $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ as follows, where $r_0 > 0$ and $\epsilon < 1$.     $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ begins with the arc ...
7
votes
0answers
129 views

On the definition of LGP-monoids in IUT III

I have been trying to understand, without success, the definition of "LGP-monoids" on p. 80 of Mochizuki's IUT III and was wondering if anyone could provide some more explanation than what is given ...
7
votes
0answers
289 views

Counting higher dimensional abelian varieties of a given conductor

This question is a follow up to an earlier question of mine on enumerating elliptic curves of a given conductor. I've heard people say that studying higher dimensional varieties via explicit ...
7
votes
0answers
1k views

What are “fractional motives”?

Kirti Joshi's musings mention "fractional motives". Do you know what are they good for and what the current state of constructions is for them? Edit: Further cases of "fractional motives" as ...
7
votes
0answers
971 views

An example computation of etale cohomology

(edited for clarity) In a comment on a response to this question, moonface states the following: "Even if you tried to compute H^2 [etale with Z/5Z-coefficients] of a surface fibered in genus 2 ...
6
votes
0answers
206 views

The Rappoport-Zink spectral sequence vs. the one of the complement of a normal crossing divisor

As far as I understand these matters, for a regular $\mathfrak{X}$ that is proper flat of finite type over $\operatorname{Spec}\mathbb{Z}_p$, the Rappoport-Zink spectral sequence relates the etale ...
6
votes
0answers
194 views

Kernels and cokernels for morphisms of abelian schemes up to isogenies

For $S$ a noetherian scheme, let $\mathcal{A}(S)$ be the additive category of abelian schemes over $S$ and $\mathcal{A}_{\mathbb{Q}}(S)$ be the category of abelian schemes up to isogenies, i.e. ...
6
votes
0answers
170 views

simple proof of relation between H^1 crystalline and Dieudonne module?

Hi, Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p > 0$. Let $A/k$ be an abelian variety. Then the first crystalline cohomology group of $A$ with respect to $W(k)$ (= Witt vectors) is canonically ...
6
votes
0answers
274 views

Does a lower bound for models of finite group schemes exist?

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring (as beautiful as you like) and set $K:=Frac(R)$. Let $G_K$ be a finite $K$-group scheme, $G_1$ and $G_2$ two affine and flat models of $G_K$ of finite type, i.e. ...
6
votes
0answers
241 views

Do Scharaschkin's results on Brauer-Manin obstructions on curves generalize to non-projective curves?

Theorem: Let X be a smooth projective curve over a number field K, and let $\delta$ be the index of X (i.e., the minimal degree of a K-rational divisor on X). Then V. Scharaschkin proved in this ...
6
votes
0answers
668 views

Can you get Siegel's theorem “for free” from modularity and Mazur's Eisenstein Ideal paper?

There is a well-known theorem of Shafarevich that given a finite set $S$ of primes the number of isomorphism classes of elliptic curves over $\Bbb Q$ with everywhere good reduction outside $S$ is ...
5
votes
0answers
129 views

Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and ...
5
votes
0answers
120 views

Non-embeddable varieties

Suppose that $k$ is a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$, $\mathcal{V}$ is a complete discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ and quotient field $K$, of characteristic $0$. Then when ...
5
votes
0answers
121 views

Groupoid cardinality of DM stack and point counting on coarse moduli spaces

Let $X$ be a finite type DM stack over a finite field $k$ with a coarse moduli space $X_c$. (We only assume $X_c$ is an algebraic space and $X$ might have infinite inertia stack.) Under which ...
5
votes
0answers
180 views

On a claim of Deligne about representations of Weil-Deligne groups

In Deligne's article 'Les constantes des equations fonctionelles des fonctions L' http://publications.ias.edu/sites/default/files/Number20.pdf, we find the following claim: Proposition 8.9 (ibid.): ...
5
votes
0answers
110 views

Can the hyperbolic core of a curve over $\mathbb Q$ be defined over $\mathbb Q$ as an algebraic stack

Here is a question I've been wondering about for a while. Currently it is mere curiosity and I do not have any direct applications in mind. Let $X$ be a smooth quasi-projective geometrically ...
5
votes
0answers
163 views

When are Galois representations with open image attached to elliptic curves?

Let $K$ be a number field with absolute Galois group $G_K$. Let $\rho:G_K \rightarrow GL_2(\hat{\mathbb{Z}})$ be a Galois representation such that the image of $\rho$ is open in ...
5
votes
0answers
164 views

Semiabelian actions appearing in the toroidal campactification of a degenearting abelian varieties

Given a totally degenerated abelian variety $A_K$ (to make it easier) over a complete discrete valuation field $K$ with $R$, $\pi$ and $k$ the corresponding discrete valuation ring, uniformiser and ...
5
votes
0answers
244 views

Isogenous elliptic curves have same conductor

Let $E/K, E'/K$ be elliptic curves defined over a number field $K$. Let $\phi: E \to E'$ be a non-constant isogeny defined over $K$. Why must the conductors be equal? I know that this is an ...
5
votes
0answers
535 views

Grothendieck monodromy theorem for l-adic sheaves

Hi, Suppose that $F$ is a local field, $G_F$ its Galois group, $I$ the inertia subgroup, $k$ its residue field. Let $X$ be a finite type scheme over $k$. Let $C$ be a constructible $l$-adic sheaf on ...
5
votes
0answers
185 views

Is the moduli space of genus three smooth quartics affine?

Non-hyperelliptic curves of genus three are smooth quartics. Is the moduli space of such curves affine? I think this follows from a more general result on smooth complete intersections, but I'm ...
5
votes
0answers
709 views

Motivic Galois group and Shimura varieties

Hi, Suppose that one has a Shimura variety $Sh(G,X)$ where $(G,X)$ is the corresponding Shimura datum and suppose that it can be interpreted as a moduli space of motives (e.g. PEL type Shimura ...
5
votes
0answers
461 views

a naive question about p-adic local monodromy theorem

The question is about whether one can view the p-adic local monodromy theorem as the quasi-unipotence of some monodromy operator. it is known that the classical local monodromy theorem (i.e. for ...