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634 views

### function field analogy and global/absolute geometry

The "function field analogy" seems to be a topic that is considerably bigger than any one existing writeup conveys. There are several old question on MO and and MathSE that ask for details. One of the ...

**19**

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383 views

### Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...

**18**

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489 views

### On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...

**18**

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596 views

### Smooth proper schemes over Z with points everywhere locally

This is a variation on Poonen's question, taking Buzzard's fabulous example into account. It was earlier a part of this other question.
Question. Is there a smooth proper scheme ...

**16**

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1k views

### Two conjectures by Gabber on Brauer and Picard groups

In a paper I need to make reference to 2 conjectures by Gabber
(see Conjectures 2 and 3, page 1975)
http://www.mfo.de/programme/schedule/2004/32/OWR_2004_37.pdf
1) Let $R$ be a strictly henselian ...

**14**

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300 views

### Is the absolute Galois group of the rationals Hopfian?

Is every continuous epimorphism from the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself injective?

**12**

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181 views

### $p$-Adic or arithmetic variants of Khovanskii's “low complexity $\Rightarrow$ tame topology” theory

This question is prompted by a remark I made in a comment to Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?, which was that Descartes's observation (cf. his rule of signs, etc.), that the number of real ...

**12**

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270 views

### Artin L-function and Zeta function of twisted Dirac operator

If one thinks of a Frobenius as an element in the fundamental group of an arithmetic curve and of a Galois representation $\sigma$ as a flat connection on the curve, then the definition of the Artin ...

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605 views

### Points of bounded height in a number field

Let $K$ be a number field of absolute degree $d$, let $B$ be a positive real number, and write $S(K, B) = \{x \in K : H(x) \leq B\}$. Here $H$ is the absolute multiplicative height of an algebraic ...

**11**

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661 views

### Meaningful review of Moriwaki's “Arakelov Geometry”

I have been asked to write a mathscinet review for Atsushi Moriwaki's Arakelov Geometry
book:
http://www.ams.org/bookstore-getitem/item=mmono-244
I could do the review the standard way in a day or ...

**11**

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367 views

### Can an abelian variety/Q have no non-trivial points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable
extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial?
This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...

**11**

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473 views

### Why does $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ have a Hodge-Tate structure?

Let $X$ be a variety over a $p$-adic field $K$.
Is there a simple or intuitive explanation of why the $G_K$ representation $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ is Hodge-Tate? More precisely, why do the powers ...

**11**

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904 views

### Effective proofs of Siegel's theorem using arithmetic geometry

This is a speculation and perhaps naive. The theorem of Siegel that
There exist only finitely many integral points on a curve of genus $\geq 1$ over a number ring $\mathcal O_{K, S}$ where $S$ is ...

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210 views

### comparison of completion and Henselization in class field theory

Given a ring $R$ with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$, we can form the localization $R_\mathfrak{m}$, the completion $\hat{R}_\mathfrak{m}$ or the Henselization $\hat{R}^h_\mathfrak{m}$ of $R$ with ...

**10**

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161 views

### Totally real points on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective (geometrically integral) curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g \geq 3$. Suppose that $X(\mathbb{R}) \neq \emptyset$. Does $X$ have a point defined over a ...

**10**

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219 views

### Purity for abelian schemes up to $p$-isogenies

Let $S$ be a noetherian excellent regular scheme and $U\subset S$ an everywhere dense open of codimension $\geq 2$. For some fibered categories of geometric objects, it makes sense to ask whether the ...

**10**

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447 views

### Torelli-like theorem for K3 surfaces on terms of its étale cohomology

Is there a proof of a Torelli-like Theorem for a K3-surface over any field (non complex) in terms of its etale or crystalline cohomology?
For example: If $K\ne \mathbb{C} $ and $X\rightarrow ...

**9**

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98 views

### Finiteness of torsion in $\mathcal{K}_2$-cohomology

Let $F$ be a number field, $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $F$ and $\mathfrak{C}$ be a proper regular model. I am interested in $\mathcal{K}_2$-cohomology, i.e., Zariski cohomology of the sheaf ...

**9**

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277 views

### Does bounded-degree base extension yield Zariski-dense Mordell-Weil group?

If $d$ and $n$ are positive integers, does there exist a constant $B=B(d,n)$ with the following property?
For any $n$-dimensional abelian variety $A$ over a degree-$d$ number field $K$, there is an ...

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440 views

### Paths in $\mathrm{Spec} \, \mathbb{Z}$ and Kim's proof of Siegel's theorem for $\mathbb{P}^1 \setminus \{0,1,\infty\}$

This is motivated by a basic number theory question I asked the previous day:
Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$? I noted there that the answer to the ...

**9**

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**0**answers

203 views

### Relation between the arithmetic Frobenius and the Frobenius of the $\varphi$-module of an unramified representation

Let $K$ be a complete discrete valuation field of mixed characteristic $(0,p)$ with perfect residue field $k$. Suppose $V$ is an unramified representation with associated continuous homomorphism ...

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207 views

### congruences of level 1 and level p modular forms

I've been carrying out some experiments on the computer and I noticed the following congruence phenomenon: fixing a prime $p$, it seems that any modular form over $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ and of weight $k ...

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139 views

### On the definition of LGP-monoids in IUT III

I have been trying to understand, without success, the definition of "LGP-monoids" on p. 80 of Mochizuki's IUT III and was wondering if anyone could provide some more explanation than what is given ...

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370 views

### Is there an algorithm which determines if a curve has good reduction outside a given set of primes

Fix a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$, a finite set of places $S$ in $K$, an integer $g$ and a curve $X$ over $K$ of genus $g$.
Is there an algorithm which tells you if $X$ has good reduction outside ...

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480 views

### An analogue of Deligne-Lusztig theory for positive depth representations?

Deligne-Lusztig theory is an important tool in understanding the depth zero representations of $p$-adic groups. Is there an analogue of Deligne-Lusztig theory that helps in understanding positive ...

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117 views

### Does the Tate pairing agree with the Brauer-Manin pairing

Let $X$ be a proper, smooth, geometrically integral variety over a field $k$. Let $A$ be (the identity component of) its Picard variety and let $B$ be (the identity component) of its Albanese variety. ...

**8**

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174 views

### Distribution of Mordell–Weil ranks of higher genus curves

By "nice curve", I mean a smooth, projective, geometrically integral curve over $\newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}\newcommand{\Jac}{\operatorname{Jac}}\Q$ with at least one $\Q$-rational point. The ...

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194 views

### Corresponding notion of unramified for motives (or de Rham cohomology)

The etale cohomolgoy of a variety $X$ over a number field $K$ is a Galois representation of $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline K/K)$ with some properties coming from $X$, e.g., it is unramified outside $S$ if ...

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227 views

### Is the compositum of all quadratic extensions of the rationals an ample field?

Let $K$ be the compositum of all quadratic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$, that is $$K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d} \ : \ d \in \mathbb{Q}).$$
Is there a (geometrically irreducible) smooth variety ...

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173 views

### Almost rational point

Let $X$ be a variety over a number field $K$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. Is there a notion of a point $p \in X(\overline{K})$ to be "almost rational" in the following sense?:
$p$ and ...

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176 views

### Lattice radial-step (ratchet) spirals

(30Oct13: Now solved; see Addendum.)
Define a curve, a ratchet spiral, $S(r_0,\epsilon)$ as follows, where $r_0 > 0$ and $\epsilon < 1$.
$S(r_0,\epsilon)$ begins with the arc ...

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295 views

### Counting higher dimensional abelian varieties of a given conductor

This question is a follow up to an earlier question of mine on enumerating elliptic curves of a given conductor.
I've heard people say that studying higher dimensional varieties via explicit ...

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**0**answers

1k views

### What are “fractional motives”?

Kirti Joshi's musings mention "fractional motives". Do you know what are they good for and what the current state of constructions is for them?
Edit: Further cases of "fractional motives" as ...

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999 views

### An example computation of etale cohomology

(edited for clarity)
In a comment on a response to this question, moonface states the following: "Even if you tried to compute H^2 [etale with Z/5Z-coefficients] of a surface fibered in genus 2 ...

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158 views

### Extension of Messing-Mazur-Oda to general groups

The following may be well-known (or obviously false), but I can't find a counterexample or a reference.
Suppose that $k$ is some perfect field (one can assume algebraically closed, if that makes you ...

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132 views

### Non-embeddable varieties

Suppose that $k$ is a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$, $\mathcal{V}$ is a complete discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ and quotient field $K$, of characteristic $0$.
Then when ...

**6**

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215 views

### The Rappoport-Zink spectral sequence vs. the one of the complement of a normal crossing divisor

As far as I understand these matters, for a regular $\mathfrak{X}$ that is proper flat of finite type over $\operatorname{Spec}\mathbb{Z}_p$, the Rappoport-Zink spectral sequence relates the etale ...

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219 views

### Kernels and cokernels for morphisms of abelian schemes up to isogenies

For $S$ a noetherian scheme, let $\mathcal{A}(S)$ be the additive category of abelian schemes over $S$ and $\mathcal{A}_{\mathbb{Q}}(S)$ be the category of abelian schemes up to isogenies, i.e. ...

**6**

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190 views

### simple proof of relation between H^1 crystalline and Dieudonne module?

Hi,
Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p > 0$. Let $A/k$ be an abelian variety. Then the first crystalline cohomology group of $A$ with respect to $W(k)$ (= Witt vectors) is canonically ...

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277 views

### Does a lower bound for models of finite group schemes exist?

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring (as beautiful as you like) and set $K:=Frac(R)$. Let $G_K$ be a finite $K$-group scheme, $G_1$ and $G_2$ two affine and flat models of $G_K$ of finite type, i.e. ...

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246 views

### Do Scharaschkin's results on Brauer-Manin obstructions on curves generalize to non-projective curves?

Theorem: Let X be a smooth projective curve over a number field K, and let $\delta$ be the index of X (i.e., the minimal degree of a K-rational divisor on X). Then V. Scharaschkin proved in this ...

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675 views

### Can you get Siegel's theorem “for free” from modularity and Mazur's Eisenstein Ideal paper?

There is a well-known theorem of Shafarevich that given a finite set $S$ of primes the number of isomorphism classes of elliptic curves over $\Bbb Q$ with everywhere good reduction outside $S$ is ...

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234 views

### A problem on universally locally acyclic

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Let $X$ and $S$ be two smooth varieties over $k$ and $\mathcal F$ a constructible \'etale sheaf of $\mathbb F_\ell$-modules on $X$ ...

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104 views

### Counting square zero forms over finite fields

Let $p$ be an odd prime and let $R=\Lambda_{\mathbb{F}_p}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be the exterior algebra on $n$ generators over the finite field with $p$ elements. This is a graded-commutative ring.
Is ...

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160 views

### Expressing every algebraic number using roots of trinomials?

This question is a continuation of Is every polynomial a factor of a trinomial?
We say that $T(X) \in \mathbb{Q}[X]$ is a trinomial if there exist $A,B,C \in \mathbb{Q}$ such that $T(X) = AX^n + BX^m ...

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144 views

### Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and ...

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134 views

### Groupoid cardinality of DM stack and point counting on coarse moduli spaces

Let $X$ be a finite type DM stack over a finite field $k$ with a coarse moduli space $X_c$. (We only assume $X_c$ is an algebraic space and $X$ might have infinite inertia stack.)
Under which ...

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183 views

### On a claim of Deligne about representations of Weil-Deligne groups

In Deligne's article 'Les constantes des equations fonctionelles des fonctions L' http://publications.ias.edu/sites/default/files/Number20.pdf, we find the following claim:
Proposition 8.9 (ibid.): ...

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114 views

### Can the hyperbolic core of a curve over $\mathbb Q$ be defined over $\mathbb Q$ as an algebraic stack

Here is a question I've been wondering about for a while. Currently it is mere curiosity and I do not have any direct applications in mind.
Let $X$ be a smooth quasi-projective geometrically ...

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171 views

### When are Galois representations with open image attached to elliptic curves?

Let $K$ be a number field with absolute Galois group $G_K$.
Let $\rho:G_K \rightarrow GL_2(\hat{\mathbb{Z}})$ be a Galois representation such that the image of $\rho$ is open in ...