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5
votes
0answers
92 views

Can the hyperbolic core of a curve over $\mathbb Q$ be defined over $\mathbb Q$ as an algebraic stack

Here is a question I've been wondering about for a while. Currently it is mere curiosity and I do not have any direct applications in mind. Let $X$ be a smooth quasi-projective geometrically ...
8
votes
2answers
322 views

“Forms” of quadrics

The theory of Severi-Brauer varieties is well-known. Let $k$ be a (perfect) field. There may exist varieties not isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over $k$, which are isomorphic to $\mathbf{P}^n$ over ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

subschemes of abelian scheme over artinian basis

Let $R$ be an artinian thickening of a field $k$. Denote with $S=Spec(R)$. Let $A$ be an abelian scheme over $S$. Let $X$ be a closed, reduced, equidimensional subscheme of the special fiber $A_k$. I ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Computing a projection of a $p$-adic plane curve

Given a prime $p$ and a polynomial equation $f(x,y)=0$ with rational coefficients, I would like to obtain a precise description of the set of all numbers $y\in\mathbb Q_p$ such that the equation has a ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

$K$-groups and dual graphs of special fibers

Let $p$ be a prime number, let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Let $\mathcal{E}_p$ be the special fiber of the Néron model of $E$ over $\mathbb{Z}_p$ and let ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

Singularities in mixed characteristic

Let $R$ be a regular local ring in mixed characteristic. Moreover, I assume that $R$ is the local ring of a point on a smooth $\mathbb Z_p$-scheme and that $R/pR$ is regular. ($\mathbb Z_p$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Action of $(\mathbb{Z}/2g\mathbb{Z})$ on quadratic forms on $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$-vector space

Let $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ the 2 elements field, with additive notation. I need some clarifications on the relation between quadratic forms on a $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$-vector space (say, of ...
5
votes
2answers
204 views

Are Anderson $T$-motives motives for the function field analogy?

this question is related to this one Geometry for Anderson's motives?, though the previous one doesn't answer exactly my question. Let $\mathbb{C}_{\infty}$ be the function field analog of ...
9
votes
1answer
535 views

Why is the section conjecture important?

As in the title, I want to know the reason for importance of the section conjecture. Of course, the statement of conjecture is important as itself, even I cannot fully grasp the soul of it. However, ...
12
votes
0answers
239 views

Artin L-function and Zeta function of twisted Dirac operator

If one thinks of a Frobenius as an element in the fundamental group of an arithmetic curve and of a Galois representation $\sigma$ as a flat connection on the curve, then the definition of the Artin ...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Reference for Skinner-Urban on the Iwasawa main conjecture for $GL_2$

Does anyone know the existence of an expository paper or a report discussing the work of Skinner-Urban "The Iwasawa main conjecture for $GL_2$"? I am interested in partucular in the case of elliptic ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers $\sqrt{A}$ and the integer $A$

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers and the integer As we know,$\sqrt{2} = [1;2,2,2,2,…]$; while $\sqrt{14}= ...
8
votes
1answer
799 views

What is the arithmetic Nullstellensatz?

The only precise statement (coming from a reliable source) of the "arithmetic Nullstellensatz" I can find is in Gowers's book, stating that two polynomials with integral coefficients have the same ...
2
votes
3answers
173 views

How to define the input of computable function or Turing machine over real numbers

Computation or computability over $\mathbb{N}$ can be extended to computation or computability over $\mathbb{R}$ or even computation or computability over $\mathbb{C}$.The following is a formal ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

What is known about the Brauer group of an arithmetic surface?

Let $X$ be an arithmetic surface over $\mathbb{Z}$, that is we have $\pi: X\rightarrow Spec(\mathbb{Z})$, $X$ is integral, two-dimensional and regular and $\pi$ is projective and flat. What is known ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Rational points on a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$

Call a point of $\mathbb{R}^d$ rational if all its $d$ coordinates are rational numbers. Q1. Is the unit sphere $S :\; x_1^2 +\cdots+ x_d^2 = 1$ dense in rational points, i.e. does $S$ include a ...
0
votes
1answer
189 views

Obstruction and 1st order infinitesimal deformations of Generalized Elliptic Curves (Deligne-Rapoport)

We consider the deformation theory of a generalized elliptic curve $(C_0,+)$ over a field $k$. Let $D$ be the deformation functor. And now we only consider the case that $C_0$ is irreducible as in ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Points on the intersection of an affine quadric and cubic over a finite field

Are there absolute constants $N$ and $B$ such that the following is true? Let $p>B$ be a prime. Let $q(x_0,\dotsc,x_n)$ and $c(x_0,\dotsc,x_n)$ be homogeneous of degree $2$ and $3$ with ...
8
votes
1answer
190 views

Power operations and Lambda-structure-like lifts of Frobenius in $E_\infty$-geometry?

A $\Lambda$-structure on a commutative ring $R$ is a ring endomorphism wich restricts to the $p$-Frobenius homomorphism after localizing at $(p)$. One may think of this as a "flow" $\Phi \colon ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Compact subgroups of linear groups over nonarchimedean fields

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a (nonarchimedean) local field, $\overline{K}$ its algebraic closure. Take a compact subgroup $G \leq \text{GL}_n(\overline{K})$. Must there be a finite extension $F$ of ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Faithful representations of free pro-p groups

Let $p$ be a prime number, $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$, $F = F(p,m)$ be the free pro-$p$ group on $m$ generators. For which $(m,n)$ there is a continuous faithful representation (embedding) $\rho : F ...
7
votes
3answers
803 views

How many integer points does my favorite ellipse go through?

The equation of the ellipse interpolating the six lattice points $(0,0)$, $(1,0)$, $(0,1)$, $(d-1,d)$, $(d,d)$, $(d,d-1)$ in the plane for a fixed $d$ (at least 3) is $$ x^2+y^2 - ...
9
votes
1answer
301 views

Easiest example where field of definition is not field of moduli

There are many examples of varieties over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$ whose field of moduli is $\mathbb Q$ but which can't be defined over $\mathbb Q$. What is the easiest such example? It should be a ...
10
votes
3answers
323 views

Circles avoiding rational points of height $\le h$

Q. Which origin-centered circles $C(r)$ (or spheres in dimension $d$) of radius $r < 1$ avoid all rational points of height $\le h$? A rational point is a point all of whose coordinates ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Which valuations of a field yield codimension $1$ subschemes of their 'models'

For a field $F$ (for example, a one generated by a finite number of its elements) there is a directed set of its 'models' (in this case those are 'arithmetic' schemes whose fraction field is $F$). It ...
0
votes
0answers
619 views

“Descending cohomology, geometrically” by Mazur:

(Exist texts of that talk or related texts: http://ttv.mit.edu/collections/harris60/videos/13881-problem-session-barry-mazur ?) Article: http://www.math.harvard.edu/~mazur/papers/page37.pdf
6
votes
1answer
204 views

Is the Tate conjecture known for etale covers of products of curves

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) surface over a finitely generated field $k$. The Tate conjecture predicts that, for $l$ a prime number invertible in $k$, the Chern class map ...
17
votes
0answers
438 views

function field analogy and global/absolute geometry

The "function field analogy" seems to be a topic that is considerably bigger than any one existing writeup conveys. There are several old question on MO and and MathSE that ask for details. One of the ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Interpretation of the Gross-Zagier formula for Green function

I am reading the paper of Gross and Zagier on heights of Heegner points and would like to check with the experts whether the following (meta?)mathematical statement makes sense. In the calculation of ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

minimal conductors among elliptic curves with a fixed CM type

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. To simplify my life, let us assume that $K$ has class number one. Consider the following infinite set: $S_1:=$ $\{$ $E\subseteq\mathbf{P}^2(\mathbf{C})$ is an ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

On the conductor of the Groessencharacter of a CM elliptic curve

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. Let $L$ be a number field which contains $K$ and let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over $L$ with complex multiplication by $K$, i.e. such that ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

paper by Nakata on 2-adic Galois representations

In Keisuke Arai's 2007 paper "On uniform lower bound of the Galois images associated to elliptic curves", which can be found on ArXiv, Arai makes the following citation: K. Nakata. On the 2-adic ...
2
votes
2answers
367 views

Elliptic curve E and Galois representation

Assume that an elliptic curve $E$ over $\Bbb Q$ has a reducible mod $p$ representation. Then Q: Why is the semi-simplification of $E[p]$ the direct sum of ${\Bbb Z}/p{\Bbb Z}$ and $\mu_p$? Next ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Points with minimal height

Let $K$ be an algebraically number field and $$\phi : \mathbb P^n (K) \to \mathbb P^m (K)$$ a polynomial map, such that $\forall \alpha \in \mathbb P^n$, where $\alpha = [\alpha_0, \dots , \alpha_n]$, ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

rank of Abelian schemes under ample hypersurface section

Let $k$ be an algebraic closure of a finite field, $\ell \neq \mathrm{Char}(k)$ be prime, $S/k$ a smooth projective geometrically connected surface and $C/k$ a smooth ample connected hypersurface ...
13
votes
1answer
509 views

Arithmetic and moduli spaces of higher genus curves

Modular curves (as moduli of elliptic curves with level structure) play a key role in the study of the arithmetic of elliptic curves. The higher genus curves have very different arithmetic, but I ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Uniqueness of lifting of very ample line bundle on smooth proper surfaces over DVR

Let $R$ be a complete Henselian discrete valuation ring of characteristic 0, $X_R$ be a surface smooth, proper and flat over $R$. Assume that the residue field $k$ of $R$ is algebraically closed of ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

Complexes of arithmetic $\mathcal{D}$-modules with Frobenius structure

This is a question about the category $F\text{-}D^b_\mathrm{coh}(\mathscr{D}^\dagger_{\mathscr{X},\mathbb{Q}})$ of complexes of arithmetic $\mathscr{D}$-modules with Frobenius structure on a smooth ...
0
votes
2answers
198 views

Absolute Hodge implies Galois invariant?

Let $X$ be an Abelian variety defined over a number field $K$, suppose that it has a good reduction over a fine place $\mathfrak{p}$ of $K$. Let $G_{\mathfrak{p}}$ be the local Galois group for ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Isogeny classes of elliptic curves

Let $E \subset \mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^2$ be an elliptic curve. If $E$ has complex multiplication (by anything) then the theory of complex multiplication in particular tells us that if $\sigma \in ...
5
votes
5answers
852 views

The use of embedding a curve into its Jacobian

I'm looking for as many examples/applications as possible of the use of embedding a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $X$ over a number field $k$ with $X(k)\neq \emptyset$ into its ...
6
votes
1answer
364 views

Elliptic curve and Galois representation

For an elliptic curve $E$ over ${\Bbb{Q}}$, let us consider Serre's mod $l$ representation by $\rho_{E,l} \colon {\mathrm{Gal}}({\overline{\Bbb{Q}}}/{\Bbb{Q}}) \to {\mathrm{Aut}}(\phantom{}_lE) = ...
2
votes
0answers
196 views

vanishing of étale cohomology of affine surface

Let $U$ be an affine smooth surface over an algebraic closure of a finite field. Let $\mathscr{A}/U$ be an Abelian scheme and $\ell \neq \mathrm{char}(k)$ be prime. Are there vanishing results for ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

Specialization Map of family of abelian varieties

In Lang's Survey on Diophantine Geometry, page 40, he said the following: Let $F=k(Y)$ be a function field of variety $Y$ over the constant field $k$ and $X_F$ a non-singular projective variety over ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

kernel of isogeny becomes constant after base change

Let $S = Spec(O_K)$ be the spectrum of the rings of integers of a number field $K$. Let $A/S \setminus T$ be an Abelian scheme over an open subscheme $S \setminus T \subseteq S$. Does the kernel of ...
18
votes
0answers
319 views

Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...
3
votes
2answers
319 views

Local factors of Hasse-Weil zeta function - what do they have in common?

Let $X$ be a regular scheme, flat and of finite type over $Spec(\mathbb{Z})$ (add "projective" if you want). Then the Hasse-Weil zeta function of $X$ is defined as a product over all prime numbers of ...
3
votes
2answers
224 views

Families of Fano varieties over non-hyperbolic curves

Let $C$ be a non-hyperbolic (smooth quasi-projective connected complex algebraic) curve. That is, $C$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb P^1, \mathbb A^1, \mathbb G_m$, or an elliptic curve. Let $f:X\to C$ be ...
11
votes
2answers
400 views

Belyi's theorem for function fields

Belyi's theorem states that every smooth projective algebraic curve $C$ defined over $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ admits a map $C\to\mathbb{P}^1$ ramified only over $0,1,\infty$. Is there an analogue of this ...
6
votes
3answers
330 views

Torsion group of the following elliptic curve

Let $p_1=2, p_2 = 3,\ldots,$ be the prime numbers, and define $n_i = \prod_{j=1}^i p_j$. Moreover, let $E_i $ be the elliptic curve defined by $y^2 = x^3 + n_i$. Can one compute the torsion group ...