Diophantine equations, elliptic curves, Mordell conjecture, Arakelov theory, Iwasawa theory, ...

**13**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### Is the ABC conjecture known to imply the Riemann hypothesis?

I once heard from a graduate student that the ABC conjecture implies the Riemann hypothesis. I can't find a reference for this, but given the department the student is from I tend to believe he might ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### Polylogarithm sheaves

In many different places, I could find the notion on ''(poly)logarithm sheaves''. As is indicated in the name of it, I guess that it should have something to do with (poly)logarithm function: $\mathrm{...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Geometric and arithmetic Frobenius

I read in Serre's "Lectures on $N_X(p)$" that when $X$ is a scheme defined over $\mathbb{F}_q$ (a finite field), the geometric Frobenius $F: X \mapsto X$ is defined by fixing every element of the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Which of these 4 definitions of Galois coverings of integral schemes are equivalent?

Here are four possible definitions for an etale, finite, surjective map $X\rightarrow Y$ between integral schemes to be considered Galois:
There exists a finite group $G$, and an action $\varphi: G\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Lifting points via étale morphism of adic spaces

This question was suggested to me during the reading of Huber's book about Etale Cohomology of Adic Spaces. I formulate this question here in the context of adic spaces, but I think, since a morphism ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

802 views

### Classification of quasi-split unitary groups

Let $U$ be a unitary group defined with respect to an extension $E/F$ of non-archimedean local fields, and assume it is realised with respect to a pair $(V,q)$, where $V$ is an $n$-dimensional vector ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Bilinearity of the Cassels-Tate pairing

Let $K$ be a number field and let $A$ be an abelian variety over $K$ (I'm mostly interested in the case that $A$ is an elliptic curve). We use $v$ to denote places of $K$ and we write $H^i(k, A)$ for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

106 views

### Is there a reference for boundedness of smooth canonically polarized varieties over Z (No…)

In Kollár's paper Quotient spaces modulo algebraic groups, Kollár mentions right above Theorem 1.8 that the stack $\mathcal M_P$ of smooth canonically polarized varieties over Spec $\mathbb Z$ with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Are there analogies between $\Bbb F_q[x_1,x_2]$ and a suitable object related to $\Bbb Z$?

Much progress in understanding $\Bbb Z$ is made from analogies between $\Bbb F_q[x]$ and $\Bbb Z$.
Can there be analogies between arithmetic in $\Bbb F_q[x_1,x_2]$ and a suitable object related to $\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Reduction “modulo $p$” of $\mathfrak{p}$-torsion points of CM elliptic curves

Let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field $L$. Assume moreover that $E$ has complex multiplication by an imaginary quadratic field $K$. Let $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal of $K$. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Lifting morphisms of $p$-divisible groups using Grothendieck-Messing theory

During my reading of Peter Scholze and Jared Weinstein's paper ``Moduli of $p$-divisible groups'' I found this assertion in the proof of Proposition 6.1.3. Consider the following situation. Let $k$ be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### $U_p$ operator is not compact on $p$-adic modular forms

I know that one of the reasons for introducting overconvergent $p$-adic modular forms is that the $U_p$ operator is compact on them.
Is there an easy way to see that $U_p$ is not compact on non-...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Tate modules of elliptic curves with complex multiplications

Let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve with complex multiplication
over an imaginary quadratic field $K$. Then, I heard that
it is well-known that the Tate module $V_{p}(E)$ over
$\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the arithmetic Nullstellensatz?

The only precise statement (coming from a reliable source) of the "arithmetic Nullstellensatz" I can find is in Gowers's book, stating that two polynomials with integral coefficients have the same ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### Morphisms for good reduction are maps respecting filtration

Please see edits below!
So, let $A,A'/K$ be abelian varieties where $K$ is a $p$-adic local field with residue field $k$. Suppose further that they have good reduction with models $\mathscr{A},\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Can I combine the category of Drinfeld modules and the category of the base O_S

I am learning about Drinfeld modules,T-modules,...They are said to be analogues of elliptic curves, abelian varieties,...
Let K be a finite extension of k = Frac(A), and $O_K$ the integral closure of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Regular minimal model of $X_0(p^2)$

Consider the compactified modular curve $X_0(p^2)$ and the corresponding algebraic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. My questions are the following:
Where do the cusps of $X_0(p^2)_{\mathbb{Q}}$ live? That ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Is sum $(E_i, E_j)$ non-positive, with $E_i$'s the exceptional components of a desingularization

Let $Y$ be an integral normal 2-dimensional scheme and let $X\longrightarrow S$ be a flat projective morphism, where $S$ is a Dedekind scheme.
Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a minimal resolution of ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

423 views

### Elements of arbitrary large order in the first Galois cohomology of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $k=\mathbb{Q}$. Consider $H^1(k,E)$.
In this answer Daniel Loughran writes: "I'm pretty sure that this cohomology group has elements of arbitrarily large order". I ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Integral points on elliptic curves of the form $y^2=x^3+px$

As the title says. Can we determine all the integral points on elliptic curves of the form
$$y^2=x^3+px$$
for a prime $p$? If yes, can someone explain me how? A good reference would also be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

203 views

### Finding cyclic subgroups of points on elliptic curves for isogeny based cryptography

Isogeny based cryptography is one of the newest post-quantum cryptography. Hardness of this system is based on finding isogeny between two elliptic curves. Also this is a theorem:
Elliptic curves ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Algebraic points of uniformly bounded degree on an algebraic variety

Let $k$ be a perfect field, and let $\bar k$ be a fixed algebraic closure of $k$.
Let $\overline{X}$ be a nonempty smooth algebraic variety over $\bar k$.
Does there exist a natural number $d=d(\...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

442 views

### Equivalence of various definitions of arithmetic Chow groups

If I understand correctly, $n$-th arithmetic Chow group of arithmetic variety $X$ is defined as a quotient of the group of pairs of the form $(\sum\limits_in_iZ_i, g)$ where $Z := \sum\limits_in_iZ_i$ ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

705 views

### Is it worth the efforts to read books/papers written in Weil's algebraic geometry language

There is much important work written in Weil's language of algebraic geometry rather than schemes (besides Weil himself, I can think of Shimura, Neron immediately).
My question is: is it worth the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Average size of $p$-part of the Tate-Shafarevich group for elliptic curves

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. For a given prime $p$, the $p$-Selmer group $\operatorname{Sel}_p(E)$ of $E$ and the $p$-part of the Tate-Shafarevich $Ш_E[p]$ group ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Archimedean fibers “intersecting” curves on arithmetic surfaces

Let's fix a number field $K$ with its ring of integers $O_K$. Moreover consider an arithmetic surface $f:S\to \text{Spec } O_K$. For every archimedean place $\sigma$ in $K$, $K_\sigma$ is the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Fastest algorithm to compute isogeny

Let $E/GF(p)$ and $E'/GF(p')$ are two isogenous elliptic curves($\#E=\#E'$). We know that there exist the map
$$\psi : E \to E'$$
Suppose that we haven't any information about degree of $\psi$.
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

381 views

### Are ranks of Jacobians over number fields unbounded?

Fix a number field $K$.
Is the rank of $J(K)$ unbounded, where $J$ ranges over the Jacobians of all smooth, projective, geometrically connected curves over $K$?
Does there exist an integer $g$ such ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Split multiplicative galois representation and specialization

My questions stems from my attempt to understand the paper of Greenberg and Stevens about the Mazur-tate-Teitelbaum conjecture (you can find the paper here). To understand this question you probably ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### An example computation of etale cohomology

(edited for clarity)
In a comment on a response to this question, moonface states the following: "Even if you tried to compute H^2 [etale with Z/5Z-coefficients] of a surface fibered in genus 2 ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### A Hartogs-type criterion for flatness

Let $U$ be a smooth affine connected variety over $\mathbb C$ and let $V\subset U$ be an open whose complement is of codimension at least two.
Now, let $Y$ be a smooth quasi-affine connected variety ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Equations for Elliptic Curves

An elliptic curve $C$ over a field $k$ is a smooth, genus 1 curve defined over $k$ with an associated $k$-rational point. If char$(k) \ne 2$, we can show that $C$ has a model of the form $y^2 = f(x)$ ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

791 views

### Why does $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ have a Hodge-Tate structure?

Let $X$ be a variety over a $p$-adic field $K$.
Is there a simple or intuitive explanation of why the $G_K$ representation $H^i(X_{ét},\mathbb{Q}_p)$ is Hodge-Tate? More precisely, why do the powers ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Congruence Primes and Modular Degrees

Let $\mathcal{S}=S_2(\Gamma_0(N) \cap \mathbf{Z} [[ q ]]$ be the set of cusp forms of weight $2$ on $\Gamma_0(N)$ with integral coefficients.
Let $f \in \mathcal{S}$ be a normalized newform, so it ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### How to Taylor series expand at the prime at infinity

Given a rational number, one can find a Taylor series expansion with respect to any $p$-adic valuation, as covered in Gouvea's introductory text on $p$-adic numbers. My question is how does one do ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Reference request: "effective'' semistable reduction

I am looking for the origin of the following idea: suppose $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime integers $\geq 3$. Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a number field $K$. Let $L/K$ be a finite extension ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### How much do I need to learn algebraic geometry to understand arithmetics over number fields

I am at the stage of learning. Mostly, I am attracted by algebraic number theory. Roughly speaking, I am interested in the rational points of algebraic varieties. I am little bit afraid to start to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Intersection of modular polynomial roots

Let $l,l'$ and $p$ be three distinct prime numbers and $\Phi_k(X,Y)$ is $k$-th modular polynomial defined over $GF(p)$. Suppose that we know $\Phi_l(X,j)$ and $\Phi_{l'}(X,j)$ have two roots. Is this ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

474 views

### Where was the arithmetic zeta function of a scheme first defined?

Let $X$ be an arithmetic scheme, that is, a scheme of finite type over the integers. We denote the set of closed points of $X$ by $|X|$. For every $x\in|X|$, write $N(x)$ for the cardinality of the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Construction of abelian varieties from Hilbert modular forms?

Some experts tell me that the construction of abelian varieties from
Hilbert modular forms is an (apparently difficult) open problem. However,
in view of the construction of $l$-adic Galois ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### Is the Dieudonne module actually a cohomology group?

One often times thinks of the Dieudonne module $M(X)$ of a $p$-divisible group (say over $k$, a perfect characteristic $p$ field) as being some sort of cohomology theory
$$M:\left\{p\text{- divisible ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Weil restriction of fiber products

Let $X,Y,Z$ be smooth geometrically integral proper varieties over a field $K$ where $K/k$ is a finite extension of a number field $k$. Let $R|_{K/k}$ denote the Weil restriction. Suppose we have $K$-...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Is torsion submodule of a $p$-adically complete and separated $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$-module closed?

I was asking to myself the following question. Consider a $p$-adically complete and separated topological algebra $R$ over $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$. As $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$ is a domain, we know that the $\mathbb{...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Smoothness of the “Archimedean special fiber” in Arakelov geometry

If $X$ is a scheme over, let's say, $\mathbb{Z}_p$, one can consider its special fiber obtained by reduction modulo $p$ ans it certainly makes sense to ask if this special fiber is smooth or not.
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

744 views

### Faltings height of a CM abelian variety

Let A be a CM abelian variety, say simple of dimension g, with $End(A) = O_K$, where $K$ is a CM field
of degree $2g$.
Is there an upper bound for the Faltings height $h(A)$ in terms of the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

617 views

### Inequality regarding sum of gaussian on lattices

When S is a subset of an inner product space, let d(S) denote ${\sum\limits_{s \in S} e^{- \langle s,s \rangle}}$
Suppose L is a discrete additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R^n}$, M is a subgroup of L, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

502 views

### Formal groups in the supersingular reduction case

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve with potential good supersingular reduction at $p$. Thus, there is a finite extension $K/\mathbb{Q}_p$ such that $E/K$ has good supersingular reduction. Let us ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Tube of a mod p point on a smooth Z_(p)-scheme

Let $R$ be a smooth, integral, finite-type $\mathbb{Z}_{(p)}$-algebra of relative dimension $n$ and $\overline{f} \colon R \to \mathbb{F}_p$. Then Hensel's lemma tells us that this lifts to a map $R \...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### the least point on a variety over a finite field

Let $p$ be a large prime parameter and $V\subseteq \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{F}_p}$ a variety defined over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ with bounded degree and dimension (w.r.t. $p$). Assume that $V$ ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

781 views

### function field analogy and global/absolute geometry

The "function field analogy" seems to be a topic that is considerably bigger than any one existing writeup conveys. There are several old question on MO and and MathSE that ask for details. One of the ...