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### Jacobians defined over smaller fields

Let $L/K$ be an extension of number fields.
Let $X$ be a curve over $L$ which can not be defined over $K$. Let $J(X)$ be the Jacobian of $X$ over $L$.
In general, the Jacobian $J(X)$ probably ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

352 views

### Modularity of higher dimensional abelian varieties

In another question I asked about strategies for giving an effective version of the Shafarevich conjecture for abelian varieties over $\mathbb{Q}$.
For elliptic curves, one can give a proof using ...

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**5**answers

1k views

### The significance of modularity for all Galois representations

On pg. 1 of the slides of a talk, Henri Darmon wrote:
Question: What is an interesting Diophantine equation?
A “working definition”. A Diophantine equation is interesting
if it reveals or ...

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**0**answers

287 views

### Is the geometry of a variety determined by the counts of rational points?

In Diophantine Geometry: An introduction, Hindry and Silverman write "Geometry Determines Arithmetic" (pg. 2) and "Geometry Governs Arithmetic" (pg. 474).
On pg. 211 of the same book, the authors ...

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votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Is There a Mayer-Vietoris Spectral Sequence of Motivic Cohomology for Closed Coverings?

For etale cohomology, there is a spectral sequence of the following form ("Mayer-Vietories spectral sequence for closed covers"):
$E_{1}^{p,q}=\oplus_{i_{0}< \cdots < i_{p}} H_{ Y_{i_{0} \cdots ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Over which fields does the Mordell-Weil theorem hold?

According to a well-known theorem of Mordell, the group of rational points $E(\mathbf{Q})$ of an elliptic curve $E/\mathbf{Q}$ is finitely generated. Weil generalized this theorem to abelian varieties ...

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vote

**0**answers

146 views

### Fields over which cubic hypersurfaces are rational

All cubic hypersurfaces having at least one double point are birational to some $P^n$ over an algebraically closed field. How does the statement change as I pass to non alg closed fields? Does it hold ...

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**1**answer

342 views

### is Hasse principle a birational invariant?

...it is probably a very trivial question, but I am a beginner in arithmetics.

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**1**answer

335 views

### Honda-Tate in families

Let $k$ be a finite field, say with $q=p^a$ elements. Honda-Tate theory states that there is a bijection between isogeny classes of simple abelian varieties over $k$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### Heuristic for the Fermat-Catalan conjecture

[Edit: I've since realized that my question is confused: in particular, the minimum value of k that you need to sum from increases with the largest exponent under consideration so that the sum over ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Counting higher dimensional abelian varieties of a given conductor

This question is a follow up to an earlier question of mine on enumerating elliptic curves of a given conductor.
I've heard people say that studying higher dimensional varieties via explicit ...

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**0**answers

134 views

### $K$-groups and dual graphs of special fibers

Let $p$ be a prime number, let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Let $\mathcal{E}_p$ be the special fiber of the Néron model of $E$ over $\mathbb{Z}_p$ and let ...

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**2**answers

797 views

### Isogeny classes of elliptic curves

Let $E \subset \mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^2$ be an elliptic curve. If $E$ has complex multiplication (by anything) then the theory of complex multiplication in particular tells us that if $\sigma \in ...

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**2**answers

505 views

### Finiteness of elliptic curves of a given conductor

It follows from the modularity theorem for elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ that there are finitely many elliptic curves of a given conductor $N$. Moreover, one can algorithmically enumerate them. ...

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votes

**1**answer

251 views

### local galois representation with higher coefficient

Suppose K is a local field , G is its galois group, V a fine dimensional Vector space over F, which is a sub field of K, and totally ramified over $Q_p$. Consdider the linear action of G on V (V is ...

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**0**answers

343 views

### Algebraicity of power series over the rationals from the algebraicity over Fp

Van der Poorten conjectures [in "Power series representing algebraic functions," Sem. Th. Nombres Paris 1990-91] that if a power series over the rationals is the [complete] diagonal [of a rational ...

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**1**answer

535 views

### Special value of $L$-function

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $f$ be a newform of weight 2 on $Γ_0(p)$, and $E_f$ denote the associated newform quotient of $J_0 (N)$ over $\mathbb{Q}$. Is there a way to express the
algebraic part ...

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**1**answer

252 views

### Examples of finiteness of rational points for hypersurfaces in $\mathbb P^3_{\mathbb Q}$ of degree $>4$.

Given an homogeneous polynomial $F(X,Y,Z,T)\in \mathbb Q[X,Y,Z,T]$ of degree $>4$, the surface it defines is well-known to be of general type. Suppose, moreover, that this surface doesn't contain ...

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**1**answer

212 views

### Is there a semisimple $\mathbf{Q}_\ell$-representation of $G_F$ ramified at an infinite set of places?

See http://math.uni.lu/~wiese/galois/Boeckle-Luxemburg-Notes.pdf, Theorem 1.4(a): Is there an example of a semisimple $\mathbf{Q}_\ell$-representation $V$ of $G_F$ ($F$ a global field) ramified at a ...

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**0**answers

200 views

### Question about witt vector of some ring

Suppose $R=Z_p[t]$ , and $\hat{R}$ its p-adic completion, suppose we have Endormorphism $\Phi$ of $\hat{R}$, whose redution mop p is just the absolute Frobenius of $\hat{R}/p\hat{R}$. And ...

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**0**answers

196 views

### Does semi-stable reduction behave well with Weil restriction of scalars

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a number field $K$ with semi-stable reduction over $O_K$.
Does the Weil restriction $\textrm{Res}_{K/\mathbf{Q}}A$ of $A$ to $\mathbf{Q}$ have semi-stable reduction ...

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**1**answer

379 views

### Mordell-Weil group of the universal abelian scheme

Let $n>2$ and let $k$ be either $\bf Q$ or a finite field whose characteristic is prime to $n$. Let $A_{g,n}$ be the moduli scheme, which represents the functor, which with every $k$-scheme $S$
...

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**2**answers

246 views

### Does the self-product of a $g$-dimensional abelian variety contain an abelian variety of dimension smaller than $g$ at some point

Let me be more precise than the title. (This will be my last attempt to do something with abelian varieties. Sorry for all the basic questions. The answers have been great!)
Let $A$ be a simple ...

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**1**answer

200 views

### Is any simple abelian variety covered by a non-simple abelian variety

Let $A/k$ be a simple abelian variety.
Does there exist a non-simple abelian variety $B/k$ and a finite homomorphism $f:B\to A$ over $k$?
I don't need $f:B\to A$ to be etale.

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votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Are abelian varieties degree two covers of some projective space

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a field $k$ of dimension $g\geq 2$.
There exists a finite morphism $A\to \mathbf{P}^g_k$. Here's the question.
Does there exist a finite morphism $A\to ...

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votes

**1**answer

337 views

### what is the maximum number of rational points of a curve of genus 2 over the rationals

Conjecturally, there exists an integer $n$ such that the number of rational points of a genus $2$ curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ is at most $n$. (This follows from the Bombieri-Lang conjecture.)
We are ...

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**1**answer

151 views

### Is the number of twists of a curve with a section in a given field finite

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $k$ of genus $g\geq 2$.
Is the number of twists of $X$ always infinite? (The answer is no, because there aren't any ...

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votes

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2k views

### Does the moduli space of smooth curves of genus g contain an elliptic curve

Let $M_g$ be the moduli space of smooth projective geometrically connected curves over a field $k$ with $g\geq 2$. Note that $M_g$ is not complete.
Does $M_g$ contain an elliptic curve?
The answer ...

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**1**answer

186 views

### Is the class of $k$-gonal curves dominant

Before I start, let me make a note on terminology. Curves are always smooth projective connected curves over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.
Let $\mathcal C$ be a class of ...

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**1**answer

306 views

### Group of connected components of the global Néron-Raynaud model of a torus

Let $K = \mathbb{F}_q(C)$ be a global function field of an irreducible projective and smooth curve $C$
defined over a finite field of constants $\mathbb{F}_q$. Let $T$ be a $K$-torus.
We choose one ...

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**0**answers

139 views

### Curves whose stable reductions do not contain rational curves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve over $K:=K(A)$. $A$ is a strict henselian ring, $A/m=k=\bar k$. Suppose $\cal X$ is a stable model of $X$, ${\cal X}_{s}$ is the special fiber.
My question is:
...

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**2**answers

480 views

### questions on Néron-Tate canonical height

I have three questions regarding height pairings:
In [Serre, Lectures on the Mordell-Weil theorem], p. 85 f., it is stated that the following function is a local height function:
"Let $V/R$ be a ...

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**0**answers

229 views

### On Stickelberger's Theorem over function fields

Here is the setup to Stickelberger's theorem over number fields (following Washington's book Intro. to cyclotomic fields).
Let $M/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite abelian extension with galois group $G$. ...

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votes

**1**answer

194 views

### surjectivity of rational points induced by surjective map from affine space

Let $k$ be a local field of char $0$ (which is the case I concern).
Let $V$ be a variety defined over $k$ and
let $f: \mathbb A^n\to V$ be a surjective map
(over the algebraic closure of $k$) ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

392 views

### Moduli Space of Abelian Varieties with a N-torsion point

Does there exists (as scheme, or as some sort of stack) the moduli space of principally polarized Abelian Varieties together with a point of order $N$, for $N>1$ an integer?
In the case of ...

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vote

**1**answer

267 views

### What is an automorphic representation of CM type ?

In a recent paper of BL-Gee-Geraghty: "Sato-Tate for Hilbert modular forms" (JAMS 2011), a theorem is proved for regular algebrai cuspidal automorphic representation of $GL_2(\mathbb A_F)$ with $F$ a ...

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votes

**2**answers

659 views

### On Grothendieck's period relations

Let $V$ be a smooth projective variety defined over $\mathbf{Q}$ and denote by
$$
\omega: H_{dR}^*(V,\mathbf{Q})){\otimes_{\mathbf{Q}}}\mathbf{C}\rightarrow ...

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votes

**2**answers

471 views

### Existence of points on varieties which avoid a given number field.

Let C be a geometrically integral curve over a number field K and let K' be a number field containing K. Does there exist a number field L containing K such that
$L \cap K' = K$, and
$C(L) \neq ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### How to make an approximation of path with polynom P(x,y)=0?

Hi. Imagine that a user draws on the canvas any path. I want to approximate this path with a path $P(x,y)=0$ where $P(x,y)$ - is unknown polynom. May be somebody can suggest an appropriate algorithm?
...

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**0**answers

299 views

### The cohomology of the relative dualizing sheaf of a relative curve

Let $X\to S$ be a curve over $S=\mathrm{Spec} \ \mathbf{Z}$. Let $\omega$ be the relative dualizing sheaf of $X\to S$. Let $g$ be the genus of the generic fibre. Assume that $g\geq 2$.
I know that ...

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156 views

### stack quotient question

Hi,
I have the following question:
let $k$ a field with $char(k)= p>0$, which we can assume to be perfect, $W(k)$ the ring of Witt vector, and $a,b$ positive integers.
Consider the ring ...

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votes

**1**answer

696 views

### On the Hasse-Weil L-function of $P^n$

So let us start with the "simplest" scheme over $Spec(\mathbf{Z})$ namely $X_0=Spec(\mathbf{Z})$. Then the (reciprocal) Weil zeta function of $X_0$ at a prime $p$ is given by $Z_p(T)=1-T$ (a ...

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**1**answer

715 views

### Does smooth and proper over $\mathbb Z$ imply rational?

Does smooth and proper over $\mathbb Z$ imply rational?
I think someone told me that this is a standard conjecture. Is it a widely held? held at all? Did someone in particular make this conjecture? ...

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votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Stacks in modern number theory/arithmetic geometry

Stacks, of varying kinds, appear in algebraic geometry whenever we have moduli problems, most famously the stacks of (marked) curves. But these seem to be to be very geometric in motivation, so I was ...

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votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Smooth quadric over p-adic integers

Let $k$ be a $p$-adic field with ring of integers $\mathcal{O}_K$ and residue field $\mathbb{F}$. Say I have a (projective) quadric $Q$ which is smooth over $\mathcal{O}_K$, such that the reduction ...

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**0**answers

227 views

### Tate's theorem about abelian variteies in case of abelian scheme

For $k$ a finite field , $A,A'$ an abelian varieties over $k$, $G$ the Galois group of $k$, $l$ a prime number different from the characteristic of $k$ . Tate has proved that:
$Q_l\otimes ...

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vote

**1**answer

358 views

### Elliptic subfields of a function field

Let $C$ be a curve and $K(C)$ be its function field of genus 2, where $K$ = $\mathbb{C}$.
The number of essential elliptic subfields of $K(C)$ is 0 or 2 or $\infty$.
Edit: I am looking for a proof. ...

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**1**answer

429 views

### Conductor of an elliptic curve

Given any elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ of conductor $N$, by modularity of elliptic curves,
there exists a surjective morphism from $X_0(N)$ $\rightarrow$ $E$.There may be several such 'N' and ...

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votes

**2**answers

978 views

### “Purely local” proof of local Langlands

As from this website
http://math.uchicago.edu/~lxiao/workshop_site/
My question is: What does it mean by "purely local"?
Also, I heard about this phrase "purely local" in other problems as well, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Albert classification of rational endomorphism rings of simple Abelian varieties over finite fields

Recall the Albert classification of rational endomorphism rings with involution of simple Abelian varieties over arbitrary fields:
Type I: totally real, trivial involution
Type II and III: ...