The arithmetic-geometry tag has no usage guidance.

**9**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Shimura surfaces that do not contain a Shimura curve

Let $S$ be a Shimura surface i.e. a Shimura variety with $dimS=2$. Does $S$ necessarily contain a Shimura curve? I know that probably the answer is No, but do not have an explicit example. What is the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Weil pairing, fixed field of a $p$-adic Galois representation

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a $p$-adic field $K$. If $K(A_{p^\infty})$ is the field extension of $K$ obtained by adjoining the coordinates of all $p$-power division points of $A$. By the Weil ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Are most curves over Q pointless?

Fresh out of the arXiv press is the remarkable result of Manjul Bhargava saying that most hyperelliptic curves over $\mathbf{Q}$ have no rational points. Don Zagier suggests the paraphrase : Most ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

414 views

### Torelli-like theorem for K3 surfaces on terms of its étale cohomology

Is there a proof of a Torelli-like Theorem for a K3-surface over any field (non complex) in terms of its etale or crystalline cohomology?
For example: If $K\ne \mathbb{C} $ and $X\rightarrow ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

256 views

### Restricting the composition factors of subgroups of GL_m(Z/nZ)

For a positive integer $m$, let $\mathcal{A}(m)$ be the set of all integers $k \geq 5$ such that: there is a positive integer $n$ and a subgroup $G \subset \operatorname{GL}_m(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Notion of good supersingular reduction for proper smooth variety over a $p$-adic field

Let $X$ be a proper smooth variety over a $p$-adic field $K$. Let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the ring of integers of $K$ and $k$, its residue field. We say that $X$ has good ordinary reduction if there is a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### Semiabelian actions appearing in the toroidal campactification of a degenearting abelian varieties

Given a totally degenerated abelian variety $A_K$ (to make it easier) over a complete discrete valuation field $K$ with $R$, $\pi$ and $k$ the corresponding discrete valuation ring, uniformiser and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

217 views

### Unexplained techniques in Demjanenko's “Sums of 4 Cubes”:

A "not well understood" proof, do you know if one knows by now the conceptual background?: http://www.math.u-bordeaux1.fr/~cohen/sum4cub.ps

**1**

vote

**0**answers

229 views

### Katz's paper on Serre Tate local moduli

In katz's paper "Serre-Tate local moduli" chaper 3 has the following construction:
Let $A$ be a fixed ordinary elliptic curve defined over $k$ of char $p>0$. Consider the deformation of $A$ to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

158 views

### Compactifications of group schemes

Let $G$ be a group scheme over a scheme $S$ which is the spectrum of a discrete valuation ring. Let $\eta$ (resp. $s$) be the generic (resp. closed) point. Assume that the generic fiber $G_{\eta}$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Elliptic curves over global function fields and independence of l-adic representations

Serre has shown that the family of $\ell$-adic Galois representations of an elliptic curve defined over a number field $K$ is almost independent. More explicitly:
let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Serre-Tate 1964 Woods Hole notes

I am not sure if this is the right venue to ask this. Apologies in advance.
I would like to clarify the following. When people give as reference:
J.-P. SERRE and J. TATE.-Mimeographed notes from ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Relation between Lee and Yang' s “circle theorem”, zeta functions and Weil conjectures?

Ruelle mentions ( http://www.ihes.fr/~ruelle/PUBLICATIONS/%5B94%5D.pdf ) Lee and Yang' s "circle theorem", which comes from statistical mechanics and shall have not yet explored connections with zeta ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Are overlaps among {algebraic geometry, arithmetic geometry, algebraic number theory} growing?

From a naive outsider's viewpoint, just watching the MO postings
in those three fields scroll by, and hearing of breakthroughs in the news,
it appears there might be increasing overlap among the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### On the definition of LGP-monoids in IUT III

I have been trying to understand, without success, the definition of "LGP-monoids" on p. 80 of Mochizuki's IUT III and was wondering if anyone could provide some more explanation than what is given ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### $R^2f_{\operatorname{et},*}\mathbb{G}_m$ vs $R^2f_{\operatorname{Zar},*}\mathbb{G}_m$

Let $S$ be the spectrum of a discrete valuation ring and $f:X\rightarrow S$ be a relative projective curve with generic fiber smooth and special fiber semistable. How much differ the sheaf ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Algebraic varieties in “mixed” affine spaces

Let $K\subset L$ be a field extension and let $K\subset F_1,F_2,...,F_n\subset L$ be proper intermediate fields. Consider the "mixed" affine space $\mathbb{A}_{(F_i)}:=\prod_{i=1}^n F_i$ instead of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

480 views

### Is there a known example of a curve X of genus > 1 over Q such that we know the number of points of X over the n-th cyclotomic field, for every n?

By Falting's theorem, these numbers are of course finite. Is there an example where we can explicitly compute them for every $n$?
Thank you!

**12**

votes

**1**answer

837 views

### What makes the Cartier operator “tick”?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve over a finite field of characteristic $p$. Let $t$ be a local parameter at a point. If $f$ is a regular function on a neighbourhood of the point, one can write uniquely
$$f ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

229 views

### Comparison between Etale and Zariski topology on schemes

Let $Sch_{Zar}, Sch_{et}$ denote scheme with Zariski and Etale topology respectively. Is there a functor from $Sch_{et}$ to $Sch_{Zar}$ (or from $Sch_{Zar}$ to $Sch_{et}$) which preserves fiber ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Vanishing cohomology of de-Rham Witt complex

Let $X$ be a smooth scheme over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ for a prime number $p$. As far as I understand,
there is a surjective morphism from
$\Omega^\bullet_{W\mathcal{O}_X} \to W \Omega_{X}^\bullet$ which ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Why is the base change functor faithful

Let $L/k$ be a field extension of algebraically closed fields of characteristic zero. Let $U$ be a smooth quasi-projective variety over $k$.
I am trying to understand why the base-change functor from ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

443 views

### Potentially good, semi-stable reduction => good reduction ?

Does a smooth proper variety having semi-stable reduction as well as potentially good reduction have good reduction ?
Note that over a $p$-adic field, this is true for the Galois representations in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Rational points on the curve y^p=f(x) in characteristic p

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{F}_q(t)$ and define the curve $C$ by
the equation $y^p=f(x)$ where $p=\mathbf{char} K$ and $f\in K[x]$.
What is the genus of $C$? When does it have infinitely ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

463 views

### Belyi's theorem for function fields

Belyi's theorem states that every smooth projective algebraic curve $C$ defined over $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$
admits a map $C\to\mathbb{P}^1$ ramified only over $0,1,\infty$.
Is there an analogue of this ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Roadmap to reach Arithmetic Geometry for a Physics Major

Hi Everybody! I am physics major but I read mathematics for myself. my main fields of interest are number theory and geometry. it seems that due to the works of A.Grothendieck, algebraic geometry must ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

284 views

### Can the Albanese map be anything?

Sorry for the vague title. This question is about the Albanese map from the variety $M$ of canonically polarized varieties to the set of abelian varieties. (The variety $M$ is not of finite type...)
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Specialization of sections in an elliptic fibration

Let $\pi: X \rightarrow S$ be the Neron model of an elliptic curve over a dedekind domain (but probably any minimal elliptic fibration will suffice).
Let $\eta$ be the generic point of $S$, $K = ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

655 views

### Is Gouvêa-Mazur's “Infinite Fern” a fractal?

[EDIT]: Following Qiaochu Yuan's comment, it is better to clarify that I do not know what the right definition of a fractal in the following question should be. But a nice answer might contain such a ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Why is Faltings' “almost purity theorem” a purity theorem?

My understanding of purity theorems is that they come in several flavors:
1) Those of the form "this Galois representation is pure, i.e. the eigenvalues of $Frob_p$ are algebraic numbers all of whose ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

488 views

### Examples of (Phi,Gamma)-modules

What is the (Phi,Gamma)-module of an elliptic curve over Z_p, expressed by a direct construction ?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Natural construction of Hodge (Phi,Gamma)-modules

I am looking for a functor from varieties $X/\mathbf{Z}_p$ to $(\varphi,\Gamma)$-modules over the Robba ring over $\mathbf{Q}_p$ (overconvergent ones) that is contructed by differential methods ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Can one bound the Quadratic Points on Curves?

Let $C$ be a nonsingular projective curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$, which does not admit a map of degree 1 or 2 to $\mathbb{P}^1$ or to an elliptic curve. It is then a consequence of Corollary 3 of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### extending truncated Barsotti-Tate group

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve defined over a finite field of char $p$, let $G[1]$ be a truncated Barsotti-Tate grop of level-1. My question is : can $G[1]$ be extended to a truncated ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

306 views

### References for period matrix of abelian variety

Hi, everyone.
I am looking for some references for period matrix of abelian variety over arbitrary field, if you know, could you please tell me?
For period matrix of abelian varieties, I means that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Hodge filtration over $\mathbb Z_p$

Let $p$ be a prime number.
Let $X\to\operatorname{Spec}\mathbb Z_p$ be smooth and proper. Is it true that
the map $H^i(X,\Omega^{\bullet\geq j}_{X/\mathbb Z_p})\to H^i(X,\Omega^\bullet_{X/\mathbb ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group of a semi-abelian variety

Let $A$ be a semi-abelian variety over $K$, $\ell$ a prime number which is not equal to char($K$).
Does the abelianization of geometrically pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Concrete examples of noncongruence, arithmetic subgroups of SL(2,R)

A subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ is called arithmetic if it is commensurable with $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$.
An arithmetic subgroup is called congruence if it contains a subgroup of type $\Gamma(N)$ for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Shafarevich's theorem for elliptic curves defined over function field of algebraic curve over algebraically closed field

Let $K$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of places of $K$. Then Shafarevich's theorem states that there are only finitely many isomorphism classes of elliptic curves $E$ over $K$ with good ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Is Hasse-witt map isomorphism?

Fix a level $N \geq 3$ and denote by $\Gamma(N)\subset SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ the subgroup of matrices which are congruent to the identity modulo $N$. The open modular curve $Y(N)$ corresponding to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### a question of Galois cohomology

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with algebraically closed residue field $k$ and fractional field $K$ , $PGL(2)$ the automorphic group of projective line over $\overline K$.
My question is:
When ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### morphism between two elliptic curves over a local field

Let $X,Y$ be two elliptic curves over $K:=K(R)$ which have good models over $R$, Char($K$)=$0$, where $R$ complete DVR with algebraically residue field $k$.
If $L$ is a finite extension of $K$, such ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

521 views

### are moduli stacks deligne-mumford stacks in general

Let M be your favorite moduli stack over the field of complex numbers.
Is it reasonable to expect M to be a Deligne-Mumford stack?
I know this is true for the moduli space of curves of genus g, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Is Normalization of log smooth scheme smooth?

Let $f:Y\rightarrow X$ be a finite flat morphism between smooth schemes over $Spec k$, where $k$ is a perfect field. Let $D$ be an irreducible and smooth divisor of $X$, $U=X\setminus D$ the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

146 views

### arithmetic group over function fields and its fundamental domain

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group defined over a global function field $K$.
Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. For a place $v$ of $K$ let $K_v$ be the completion under $v$. We take ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Bound for the degree of the field of definition for a closed point of a variety

While attempting to prove some existence theorem for matrices over $\mathbb{F}_{2^k}$ I've come across the following problem concerning fields of definition for closed point of, say affine, varieties.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Heegner Points on $X_0(N)$ when some primes dividing $N$ are inert in the imaginary quadratic field

If $K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-D})$ is a imaginary quadratic field with discriminant $-D$, then we get Heegner points on $X_0(N)$ as long as there exists $\mathfrak{n} \subset \mathcal{O}_K$ such that ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

855 views

### reduction types of elliptic curves

Let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve, where $K$ is a complete local field with residue field $k$ and char$(k) = p$. I'm trying to make sense of Kodaira symbols and Tate's algorithm.
My current ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### When is the determinant of the push-forward of an ample line bundle ample

Let $f:X\to S$ be a "nice" morphism of "nice" schemes. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$.
When is $\det f_\ast L$ also ample?
A "nice" morphism could be anything from "finite type separated" to ...