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### Where was the arithmetic zeta function of a scheme first defined?

Let $X$ be an arithmetic scheme, that is, a scheme of finite type over the integers. We denote the set of closed points of $X$ by $|X|$. For every $x\in|X|$, write $N(x)$ for the cardinality of the ...

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133 views

### cohomological criterion of triviality

Hi,
let $X$ be a proper curve, not necessarily smooth, but reduced and connected and $E$ a vector bundle on $X$ of rank $r$.
For a line bundle $L$ it is true that the conditions $h^0(X,L)>0$ and ...

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568 views

### How to see the geometry and arithmetic of tannakian fundamental groups?

The etale fundamental group is an inverse limit of automorphism groups of finite etale coverings. We can see the geometry of etale fundamental group very well from etale coverings just like ...

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**1**answer

199 views

### S-arithmetic subgroup question

I've been reading a proof concerning S-arithmetic subgroups of algebraic groups and I'm having trouble determining why the following step should be true. First, the setup:
Let $G$ be a connected ...

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114 views

### Dualizing sheaf in mixed characteristic for regular schemes.

I've been looking many places, but everything I find seems to either talk about (a) varieties or (b) extremely general situations with dualizing complexes. As I am not in the situation of (a) (i.e. ...

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**1**answer

180 views

### Which level structures on elliptic curves are twist-invariant?

Let $N \geq 5$ be a prime, and $H$ a subgroup of $GL_2(\mathbb{F}_N)$. As shown in Chapter IV of [DeRap], there is a curve $X_H(N)$, defined over $K_N := \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_N)^{\det H}$, which is a ...

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751 views

### Status of Grothendieck's conjecture on homomorphisms of abelian schemes

In [1] Grothendieck posits the following:
Conjecture. Let $S$ be a reduced connected scheme, locally of finite type over Spec($\mathbf{Z}$) or a field $k$, $A$ and $B$ two abelian schemes over $S$, ...

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749 views

### Do isogenies with rational kernels tend to be surjective?

Dear MO Community,
this is a pretty vague title, so let me tell you the precise observation I have made.
Consider the family of elliptic curves over $\mathbf{Q}$ having a rational $5$-torsion point ...

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**1**answer

195 views

### Results and conjectures on bounds on degrees of isogenies

Dear MO Community,
given an isogeny between two abelian varieties $\varphi: A\rightarrow B$ (everything definied over a number field $K$), we can factor $\varphi$ through a ...

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208 views

### a question about Beauville-Laszlo

Hi,
let $V$ be a complete DVR with uniformizer $\pi$. Let $m$ be a NON zero integer, $a\in V[[u,v]]/(uv-\pi)^{\times}$ and $f=\pi^{m}a$. Consider $F$ as the kernel of the diagram
$$
...

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463 views

### Grothendieck monodromy theorem for l-adic sheaves

Hi,
Suppose that $F$ is a local field, $G_F$ its Galois group, $I$ the inertia subgroup, $k$ its residue field.
Let $X$ be a finite type scheme over $k$. Let $C$ be a constructible $l$-adic sheaf on ...

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**1**answer

359 views

### weight monodromy conjecture for curves?

Hi,
Is there a simple proof of the weight monodromy conjecture in the case of a curve over a mixed characteristic local field?
Thanks!

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144 views

### Uniqueness of decomposition of completely reducible representations

Let $X$ be a smooth, separated scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{F}_q$ where $q=p^r$ for some $r>0$. Let $gcd(l,p)=1, \rho:W(X) \to GL_r(\mathbb{Q}_l)$ be a Weil representation which is ...

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**1**answer

284 views

### Minimal semistable model for K3-surfaces.

I wonder if a semistalbe K3 surface over a $p$-adic field has a minimal semistable model. I guess yes but I do not find any reference.
Also, if we have a semistable K3 surface with a log structure, ...

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268 views

### intersection cohomology and etale cohomology

Hello,
Can someone explain or give a reference on the comparison between intersection cohomology and l-adic etale cohomology of a variety over a field of characteristic zero?
Thanks!

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**1**answer

530 views

### Do torsors give a long exact sequence of cohomology?

Let $X$ be a finite-type scheme over a field $k$. Let $G$ be a finite-type group scheme over $k$; we write $G_X$ for the base-change of $G$ from $\operatorname{Spec}(k)$ to $X$.
Suppose $f : Y ...

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312 views

### what are the possible CM-fields of PEL type shimura varieties ?

In the paper "Travaux de Shimura" section 6, Deligne had defined a PEL- type shimura variety, for the following datum $(F,E,D,\psi)$, with $F$ a totally real cubic field, and $E$ a imaginary ...

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**1**answer

390 views

### Diferent abelian varieties over local field with the same p-adic representation?

Let $K$ be a local field with residue field of char $p$, denote $G$ its Galois group. Is it possible that we have two Abelian varieties $A_1$ and $A_2$, defined over $K$, such that they are not ...

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591 views

### Is the set of surfaces over Spec Z with ample canonical sheaf empty

Main question. Does there exist a smooth projective morphism $X\to$ Spec $\mathbf Z$ of relative dimension two such that the canonical sheaf $\omega_{X_{\mathbf Q}}$ of the generic fibre $X_{\mathbf ...

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303 views

### Does the Riemann hypothesis for liftable varieties over a finite field imply the Riemann hypothesis for all varieties over a finite field

The Riemann hypothesis for varieties over a finite field has been proven by Deligne. Still I would like to ask the following question.
A variety $X$ over a finite field $k$ is liftable if there ...

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175 views

### Do regular noetherian schemes of dimension one only have finitely many etale covers of bounded degree

Let $X$ be a regular noetherian scheme of dimension one. Let $d$ be an integer.
Question. Are there only finitely many finite etale morphisms $Y\to X$ of degree $d$?
I want to exclude finite etale ...

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176 views

### Corresponding notion of unramified for motives (or de Rham cohomology)

The etale cohomolgoy of a variety $X$ over a number field $K$ is a Galois representation of $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline K/K)$ with some properties coming from $X$, e.g., it is unramified outside $S$ if ...

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356 views

### Hodge-Tate weights of etale cohomology

Let $K/\mathbb Q_p$ be a local field, $X/K$ a proper scheme with semi-stable reduction.
Question: What is the possible range of Hodge-Tate weights of the etale cohomology $H^i(X_{\overline K}, ...

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107 views

### Removing finitely many points from a Shimura curve

Let $X$ be a compact Shimura curve. If we remove finitely many points from this curve, do we neccessarily get a "non-compact Shimura curve"? I have some reasons to believe that the answer is negative, ...

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339 views

### How to calculate zeroth crystalline cohomology

I am just learning crystalline cohomology, so I understand the basic set-ups. But I can't really do any calculations.
For example, let's choose the base $S=W(k)/p^n$, and let $X$ be an affine scheme ...

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165 views

### Does the Albanese map satisfy Torelli's theorem

Let $M_h$ be the moduli space of canonically polarized varieties with Hilbert polynomial $h$. Let $M_h \to A_g$ be the Albanese map, with $g$ an integer which depends on $h$ and $A_g$ the moduli space ...

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173 views

### Is the moduli space of genus three smooth quartics affine?

Non-hyperelliptic curves of genus three are smooth quartics. Is the moduli space of such curves affine?
I think this follows from a more general result on smooth complete intersections, but I'm ...

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384 views

### If rational points are like entire curves, then what do algebraic points correspond to

I read somewhere that if $X$ is a projective variety of general type over a number field $K$, then rational points are an analogue of entire curves $\mathbf{C}\to X^{an}$ (with $X^{an}$ the ...

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274 views

### On the m-th power of the Hodge bundle and Arakelov's theorem

Let $S$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbf C$ and let $f:X\to S$ be a projective flat morphism with "semi-stable" fibres (i.e., the fibres are reduced and strict normal crossings divisors) and ...

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235 views

### Hilbert polynomial of $X\times P^1$

Let $X$ be a canonically polarized smooth projective geometrically connected variety over $k$ with Hilbert polynomial $h$.
What is the Hilbert polynomial of $X\times_k \mathbf{P}^1_k$? How does it ...

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290 views

### Tate Conjecture on decomposition of motives(?)

I apologize for the title. I myself conined it...
I am referring to Conjecture 1.2 (page 7) of Richard Taylor's paper Galois representations (Annales de la Faculte des Sciences de Toulouse 13 (2004) ...

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407 views

### For which fields does the isogeny theorem hold

Let $k$ be a field. We say that the isogeny theorem holds over $k$ if, for any abelian variety $A$ over $k$, there are only finitely many $k$-isomorphism classes of abelian varieties $B$ over $k$ ...

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144 views

### Does the Hilbert polynomial determine the weight of the Galois representation associated to a variety

Let $X$ be a curve or an abelian variety (over a finite field). Then the Galois representation associated to $X$ via the etale cohomology of $X$ (in degree $1$) is integral of weight $1$ and its ...

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349 views

### Useful notion of unramified Galois representation

Let $\mathbf C(t)$ be the field of rational functions and let $\overline{\mathbf C(t)}$ be an algebraic closure. Let $G$ be the Galois group of $\overline {\mathbf C(t)}$ over $\mathbf C(t)$.
Let ...

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211 views

### Vanishing of motivic cohomology with finite coefficients in negative degrees

I wonder whether the "finite coefficient version" of Beilinson-Soule conjecture i.e. the following statement holds or not.
STATEMENT:
Let $X$ be a smooth and projective scheme over a finite field ...

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136 views

### Special values of zeta functions and extensions of base fields.

Let $X$ be a scheme of finite type over a finite field $k=\mathbb{F}_{q}$ of $q$ elements.
Then, one can define the zeta function $Z_{X/k}(T)$ of $X$ ovet $k$ as $\prod_{x\in ...

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520 views

### Classification of quasi-split unitary groups

Let $U$ be a unitary group defined with respect to an extension $E/F$ of non-archimedean local fields, and assume it is realised with respect to a pair $(V,q)$, where $V$ is an $n$-dimensional vector ...

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244 views

### How do you compute the primes of bad reduction?

Suppose that I am given a subscheme $Y$ of $\mathbf{P}^n_{\mathbf{Z}}$, flat over $\operatorname{Spec}\mathbf{Z}$ and with smooth generic fiber $Y_{\mathbf{Q}}$, defined by the vanishing of some ...

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**1**answer

221 views

### Torsion of elliptic curves is finite

Let $S$ be an integral 1-dimensional scheme with function field $K$.
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $K$. The torsion of $E$ over $K$ is not necessarily finite. As an example consider an elliptic ...

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### SAT and Arithmetic Geometry

This is an agglomeration of several questions, linked by a single observation: SAT is equivalent to determining the existence of roots for a system of polynomial equations over $\mathbb{F}_2$ (note ...

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347 views

### $\sigma$-conjugate iff $p$-adically close

First some notations. Let $p$ be a prime, $k$ a perfect field of characteristic $p$, $W=W(k)$ the ring of Witt vectors over $k$, $\sigma : W \rightarrow W$ the Frobenius, $R$ a commutative ...

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399 views

### Equation for simple Jacobian of a genus two curve

Let $X$ be a curve of genus two over a field $k$ with a $k$-rational point. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$.
Can we write down an explicit equation for the abelian surface $J$?
I know $X$ can be ...

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**1**answer

140 views

### Detecting sections on an arithmetic variety

Let $S$ be Spec $O_K$ with $O_K$ the ring of integers of a number field $K$.
Let $X\to S $ be an arithmetic variety, i.e., an integral smooth quasi-projective $S$-scheme with generic fibre $X_\eta$ ...

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320 views

### Properties of subvarieties of a simple abelian variety

Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety over a field $k$. (For simplicity, we assume char $k =0$.)
Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected variety over $k$ of positive dimension.
Suppose ...

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287 views

### An example of almost etale extension

In the paper of Faltings' "p-adic Hodge theory", Faltings showed an example of almost etale extension before he proved the almost purity theorem. The example is following:
Let $k$ be a perfect field ...

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### global section of vector bundle and reduction

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of char $p\neq 0$, $W_2(k)$ the witt vector of length 2. $C_1$ a smooth projective curve over $W_2(k)$, and $H_1$ a vector bundle over $C_1$. We denote $C_0$ ...

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225 views

### Representability of sheaf of Ext^1 of a Néron model by $\mathbb{G}_m$

Let's work over a trait $S=\mathrm{Spec}R$, where $R$ is a dvr with fraction field $K$, residue field $k$. Given an abelian variety $A_K$ with semi-stable reduction, let $A$ over $S$ be its Néron ...

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### Learning path for the proof of the Weil Conjectures

Assume you are an algebraic geometry advanced student who has mastered Hartshorne's book supplemented on the arithmetic side by the introduction of Lorenzini - "An Invitation to Arithmetic Geometry" ...

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275 views

### Are ranks of Jacobians over number fields unbounded?

Fix a number field $K$.
Is the rank of $J(K)$ unbounded, where $J$ ranges over the Jacobians of all smooth, projective, geometrically connected curves over $K$?
Does there exist an integer $g$ such ...

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886 views

### Does the moduli space of genus three curves contain a complete genus two curve

Inspired by the question
Does the moduli space of smooth curves of genus g contain an elliptic curve
and its amazing answers, I ask (pure out of curiosity) whether the moduli space $M_3$ of (smooth ...