Diophantine equations, elliptic curves, Mordell conjecture, Arakelov theory, Iwasawa theory, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers $\sqrt{A}$ and the integer $A$

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers and the integer
As we know,$\sqrt{2} = [1;2,2,2,2,…]$; while $\sqrt{14}= ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

909 views

### What is the arithmetic Nullstellensatz?

The only precise statement (coming from a reliable source) of the "arithmetic Nullstellensatz" I can find is in Gowers's book, stating that two polynomials with integral coefficients have the same ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### What is known about the Brauer group of an arithmetic surface?

Let $X$ be an arithmetic surface over $\mathbb{Z}$, that is we have $\pi: X\rightarrow Spec(\mathbb{Z})$, $X$ is integral, two-dimensional and regular and $\pi$ is projective and flat.
What is known ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

86 views

### Points on the intersection of an affine quadric and cubic over a finite field

Are there absolute constants $N$ and $B$ such that the following is true?
Let $p>B$ be a prime. Let $q(x_0,\dotsc,x_n)$ and $c(x_0,\dotsc,x_n)$ be homogeneous of degree $2$ and $3$ with ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Power operations and Lambda-structure-like lifts of Frobenius in $E_\infty$-geometry?

A $\Lambda$-structure on a commutative ring $R$ is a ring endomorphism wich restricts to the $p$-Frobenius homomorphism after localizing at $(p)$. One may think of this as a "flow" $\Phi \colon ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Obstruction and 1st order infinitesimal deformations of Generalized Elliptic Curves (Deligne-Rapoport)

We consider the deformation theory of a generalized elliptic curve $(C_0,+)$ over a field $k$. Let $D$ be the deformation functor.
And now we only consider the case that $C_0$ is irreducible as in ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

255 views

### How to define the input of computable function or Turing machine over real numbers

Computation or computability over $\mathbb{N}$ can be extended to computation or computability over $\mathbb{R}$ or even computation or computability over $\mathbb{C}$.The following is a formal ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

148 views

### Compact subgroups of linear groups over nonarchimedean fields

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a (nonarchimedean) local field, $\overline{K}$ its algebraic closure. Take a compact subgroup $G \leq \text{GL}_n(\overline{K})$. Must there be a finite extension $F$ of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Faithful representations of free pro-p groups

Let $p$ be a prime number, $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$, $F = F(p,m)$ be the free pro-$p$ group on $m$ generators. For which $(m,n)$ there is a continuous faithful representation (embedding) $\rho : F ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Easiest example where field of definition is not field of moduli

There are many examples of varieties over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$ whose field of moduli is $\mathbb Q$ but which can't be defined over $\mathbb Q$. What is the easiest such example? It should be a ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

390 views

### Circles avoiding rational points of height $\le h$

Q. Which origin-centered circles $C(r)$ (or spheres in dimension $d$)
of radius $r < 1$ avoid all rational points
of height $\le h$?
A rational point is a point all of whose coordinates ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Which valuations of a field yield codimension $1$ subschemes of their 'models'

For a field $F$ (for example, a one generated by a finite number of its elements) there is a directed set of its 'models' (in this case those are 'arithmetic' schemes whose fraction field is $F$). It ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Is the Tate conjecture known for etale covers of products of curves

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) surface over a finitely generated field $k$. The Tate conjecture predicts that, for $l$ a prime number invertible in $k$, the Chern class map ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

771 views

### function field analogy and global/absolute geometry

The "function field analogy" seems to be a topic that is considerably bigger than any one existing writeup conveys. There are several old question on MO and and MathSE that ask for details. One of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

126 views

### Interpretation of the Gross-Zagier formula for Green function

I am reading the paper of Gross and Zagier on heights of Heegner points and would like to check with the experts whether the following (meta?)mathematical statement makes sense.
In the calculation of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### minimal conductors among elliptic curves with a fixed CM type

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. To simplify my life, let us assume
that $K$ has class number one.
Consider the following infinite set:
$S_1:=$ $\{$ $E\subseteq\mathbf{P}^2(\mathbf{C})$ is an ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

209 views

### On the conductor of the Groessencharacter of a CM elliptic curve

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. Let $L$ be a number field which contains $K$ and let $E/L$ be an elliptic curve defined over $L$ with complex multiplication by $K$, i.e. such that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

109 views

### Points with minimal height

Let $K$ be an algebraically number field and $$\phi : \mathbb P^n (K) \to \mathbb P^m (K)$$ a polynomial map, such that $\forall \alpha \in \mathbb P^n$, where $\alpha = [\alpha_0, \dots , \alpha_n]$, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### rank of Abelian schemes under ample hypersurface section

Let $k$ be an algebraic closure of a finite field, $\ell \neq \mathrm{Char}(k)$ be prime, $S/k$ a smooth projective geometrically connected surface and $C/k$ a smooth ample connected hypersurface ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

147 views

### Uniqueness of lifting of very ample line bundle on smooth proper surfaces over DVR

Let $R$ be a complete Henselian discrete valuation ring of characteristic 0, $X_R$ be a surface smooth, proper and flat over $R$. Assume that the residue field $k$ of $R$ is algebraically closed of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

481 views

### Elliptic curve E and Galois representation

Assume that an elliptic curve $E$ over $\Bbb Q$ has a reducible mod $p$ representation. Then
Q: Why is the semi-simplification of $E[p]$ the direct sum of ${\Bbb Z}/p{\Bbb Z}$ and $\mu_p$?
Next
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Complexes of arithmetic $\mathcal{D}$-modules with Frobenius structure

This is a question about the category $F\text{-}D^b_\mathrm{coh}(\mathscr{D}^\dagger_{\mathscr{X},\mathbb{Q}})$ of complexes of arithmetic $\mathscr{D}$-modules with Frobenius structure on a smooth ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Absolute Hodge implies Galois invariant?

Let $X$ be an Abelian variety defined over a number field $K$, suppose that it has a good reduction over a fine place $\mathfrak{p}$ of $K$. Let $G_{\mathfrak{p}}$ be the local Galois group for ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

459 views

### Elliptic curve and Galois representation

For an elliptic curve $E$ over ${\Bbb{Q}}$, let us consider Serre's mod $l$ representation by
$\rho_{E,l} \colon {\mathrm{Gal}}({\overline{\Bbb{Q}}}/{\Bbb{Q}}) \to {\mathrm{Aut}}(\phantom{}_lE) = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

262 views

### vanishing of étale cohomology of affine surface

Let $U$ be an affine smooth surface over an algebraic closure of a finite field. Let $\mathscr{A}/U$ be an Abelian scheme and $\ell \neq \mathrm{char}(k)$ be prime.
Are there vanishing results for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Specialization Map of family of abelian varieties

In Lang's Survey on Diophantine Geometry, page 40, he said the following:
Let $F=k(Y)$ be a function field of variety $Y$ over the constant field $k$ and $X_F$ a non-singular projective variety over ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

143 views

### kernel of isogeny becomes constant after base change

Let $S = Spec(O_K)$ be the spectrum of the rings of integers of a number field $K$. Let $A/S \setminus T$ be an Abelian scheme over an open subscheme $S \setminus T \subseteq S$. Does the kernel of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

507 views

### Local factors of Hasse-Weil zeta function - what do they have in common?

Let $X$ be a regular scheme, flat and of finite type over $Spec(\mathbb{Z})$ (add "projective" if you want). Then the Hasse-Weil zeta function of $X$ is defined as a product over all prime numbers of ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

393 views

### Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

339 views

### Families of Fano varieties over non-hyperbolic curves

Let $C$ be a non-hyperbolic (smooth quasi-projective connected complex algebraic) curve. That is, $C$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb P^1, \mathbb A^1, \mathbb G_m$, or an elliptic curve.
Let $f:X\to C$ be ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

385 views

### paper by Nakata on 2-adic Galois representations

In Keisuke Arai's 2007 paper "On uniform lower bound of the Galois images associated to elliptic curves", which can be found on ArXiv, Arai makes the following citation:
K. Nakata. On the 2-adic ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

384 views

### Torsion group of the following elliptic curve

Let $p_1=2, p_2 = 3,\ldots,$ be the prime numbers, and define $n_i = \prod_{j=1}^i p_j$. Moreover, let $E_i $ be the elliptic curve defined by $y^2 = x^3 + n_i$.
Can one compute the torsion group ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Does the isotropic group of local galois representation have finite index?

Let $\rho : G\to \mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb Z_p)$ be a crystalline representation of $G=\mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p/\mathbb{Q}_p)$. For any non zero element $a\in \mathbb{Z}_p^n$ , it spans a rank one ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

319 views

### Example of a variety over a number field with non-semisimple Galois representation on $\ell$-adic cohomology

This question is inspired by the question: Example of non-projective variety with non-semisimple Frobenius action on etale cohomology?
Let $K$ be a number field (or finitely generated field of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### log smooth curve vs pointed node curve

F.Kato has a statement said that a log smooth curve $f:(X, M,\alpha)\to (k,N,\beta)$ where $k$ is an algebraic closed field and $N$ is some fine log structure on $k$, is equvalent to pointed node ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### log structure on Witt ring and Frobenius map

I am a little confused about the log structure of Witt ring and its Frobenius map.
Let $k=\bar{\mathbb{F}}_p$, $W:=W(k)$ the Witt ring.
We know that to deal with the semistable reduction, i.e. scheme ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Deforming curves to other curves over the field of rational numbers

Let $X$ and $Y$ be smooth projective geometrically connected curves over $k$ of genus $g$ at least two.
If $k$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, there exists a connected ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

441 views

### Is a Deligne-Mumford curve defined over Qbar if and only if its coarse moduli space is

Let $\mathcal X$ be a smooth proper finite type Deligne-Mumford stack over $\mathbb C$ that is generically a scheme. Let $X$ be its coarse moduli space.
If $\mathcal X$ can be defined over ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Question about the “middle” intermediate Jacobian

Suppose $Y$ is a smooth projective variety of dimension $2p-1$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I have a few questions about the $p^{~\text{ th}}$ intermediate Jacobian $J^p(Y)$ of $Y$.
Does it come from (i.e. is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### representation of algebraic fundamental group of projective line minus three point

everyone, I want to ask is there any result in the literature
similar to the following:
Let $ X=\mathbb{P}^1\backslash \{0,1,\infty\}$, then $X$ is defined over $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $X_{\mathbb{Q}}$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### degree of isogenies between Jacobians and Abelian Varieties

Let $K$ be a local field of characteristic zero and positive residual characteristic. Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety and assume we have an isogeny $f:Jac_C\rightarrow A$ with $C$ a smooth curve ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

708 views

### What is the intuition behind the definition of cuspidal representations?

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a reductive group defined over a number field $K$, let $Z$ be its center, and let $\mathbb{A}:=\mathbb{A}_K$ be the ring of adeles of $K$. Reasonably, we care about the ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

363 views

### Existence of local sections

I would like to know when the property of "having a section" for a morphism of varieties in characteristic $0$ can be detected by spreading out to characteristic $p$.
Take a number field $K$, and let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### integral hard Lefschetz

I am looking for examples $(X,\eta)$ where the integral hard Lefschetz is an isomorphism:
$X/k$ is a smooth projective variety of dimension $d$ over an algebraic closure of a finite field and $\eta ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

207 views

### Arithmetic property of a surface of general type

In my previous post I asked about the hyperbolicity of the affine surface $S'=\{zw \neq o\}$ in the projective surface $z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$, where $P$ and $Q$ are two general ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

280 views

### What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from set of c.e.number is period(number)?

What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from the set of c.e.numbers is period(number)?
What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from the set of computable numbers is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### What is the relation between KC and height of rational number?

Roughly speaking,Kolmogorov Complexity of a bits string or a description is the minimal length of programs outputing a bits string,and height of rational number is logarithm of the largest numerator ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Determining existence of p-adic point on a plane curve

Is there an implemented algorithm that will take a polynomial $f(x,y)\in\mathbb Z[x,y]$ and a prime $p$, and determine whether the equation $f(x,y)=0$ has a solution over $\mathbb Q_p$?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

186 views

### Etale cohomology and restricted direct product

[migrated from math.stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/727896/etale-cohomology-and-restricted-direct-product]
$\newcommand{\h}{\operatorname{H}}$
Let $k$ be a global field, $A$ an ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Can the failure of the multiplicativity of archimedean L-factors be corrected?

My question is parallel to J. Borger' question:
Can the failure of the multiplicativity of Euler factors at bad primes be corrected?
As emphasized by Scholbach in his paper on special values of ...