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4
votes
1answer
263 views

$R^2f_{\operatorname{et},*}\mathbb{G}_m$ vs $R^2f_{\operatorname{Zar},*}\mathbb{G}_m$

Let $S$ be the spectrum of a discrete valuation ring and $f:X\rightarrow S$ be a relative projective curve with generic fiber smooth and special fiber semistable. How much differ the sheaf ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Algebraic varieties in “mixed” affine spaces

Let $K\subset L$ be a field extension and let $K\subset F_1,F_2,...,F_n\subset L$ be proper intermediate fields. Consider the "mixed" affine space $\mathbb{A}_{(F_i)}:=\prod_{i=1}^n F_i$ instead of ...
16
votes
1answer
452 views

Is there a known example of a curve X of genus > 1 over Q such that we know the number of points of X over the n-th cyclotomic field, for every n?

By Falting's theorem, these numbers are of course finite. Is there an example where we can explicitly compute them for every $n$? Thank you!
12
votes
1answer
642 views

What makes the Cartier operator “tick”?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve over a finite field of characteristic $p$. Let $t$ be a local parameter at a point. If $f$ is a regular function on a neighbourhood of the point, one can write uniquely $$f ...
1
vote
1answer
215 views

Comparison between Etale and Zariski topology on schemes

Let $Sch_{Zar}, Sch_{et}$ denote scheme with Zariski and Etale topology respectively. Is there a functor from $Sch_{et}$ to $Sch_{Zar}$ (or from $Sch_{Zar}$ to $Sch_{et}$) which preserves fiber ...
6
votes
1answer
294 views

Vanishing cohomology of de-Rham Witt complex

Let $X$ be a smooth scheme over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ for a prime number $p$. As far as I understand, there is a surjective morphism from $\Omega^\bullet_{W\mathcal{O}_X} \to W \Omega_{X}^\bullet$ which ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Why is the base change functor faithful

Let $L/k$ be a field extension of algebraically closed fields of characteristic zero. Let $U$ be a smooth quasi-projective variety over $k$. I am trying to understand why the base-change functor from ...
7
votes
1answer
397 views

Potentially good, semi-stable reduction => good reduction ?

Does a smooth proper variety having semi-stable reduction as well as potentially good reduction have good reduction ? Note that over a $p$-adic field, this is true for the Galois representations in ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Rational points on the curve y^p=f(x) in characteristic p

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{F}_q(t)$ and define the curve $C$ by the equation $y^p=f(x)$ where $p=\mathbf{char} K$ and $f\in K[x]$. What is the genus of $C$? When does it have infinitely ...
11
votes
2answers
414 views

Belyi's theorem for function fields

Belyi's theorem states that every smooth projective algebraic curve $C$ defined over $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ admits a map $C\to\mathbb{P}^1$ ramified only over $0,1,\infty$. Is there an analogue of this ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Roadmap to reach Arithmetic Geometry for a Physics Major

Hi Everybody! I am physics major but I read mathematics for myself. my main fields of interest are number theory and geometry. it seems that due to the works of A.Grothendieck, algebraic geometry must ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...
1
vote
1answer
267 views

Can the Albanese map be anything?

Sorry for the vague title. This question is about the Albanese map from the variety $M$ of canonically polarized varieties to the set of abelian varieties. (The variety $M$ is not of finite type...) ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Specialization of sections in an elliptic fibration

Let $\pi: X \rightarrow S$ be the Neron model of an elliptic curve over a dedekind domain (but probably any minimal elliptic fibration will suffice). Let $\eta$ be the generic point of $S$, $K = ...
6
votes
1answer
630 views

Is Gouvêa-Mazur's “Infinite Fern” a fractal?

[EDIT]: Following Qiaochu Yuan's comment, it is better to clarify that I do not know what the right definition of a fractal in the following question should be. But a nice answer might contain such a ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is Faltings' “almost purity theorem” a purity theorem?

My understanding of purity theorems is that they come in several flavors: 1) Those of the form "this Galois representation is pure, i.e. the eigenvalues of $Frob_p$ are algebraic numbers all of whose ...
5
votes
2answers
428 views

Examples of (Phi,Gamma)-modules

What is the (Phi,Gamma)-module of an elliptic curve over Z_p, expressed by a direct construction ?
3
votes
0answers
168 views

Natural construction of Hodge (Phi,Gamma)-modules

I am looking for a functor from varieties $X/\mathbf{Z}_p$ to $(\varphi,\Gamma)$-modules over the Robba ring over $\mathbf{Q}_p$ (overconvergent ones) that is contructed by differential methods ...
5
votes
2answers
204 views

Can one bound the Quadratic Points on Curves?

Let $C$ be a nonsingular projective curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$, which does not admit a map of degree 1 or 2 to $\mathbb{P}^1$ or to an elliptic curve. It is then a consequence of Corollary 3 of ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

extending truncated Barsotti-Tate group

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve defined over a finite field of char $p$, let $G[1]$ be a truncated Barsotti-Tate grop of level-1. My question is : can $G[1]$ be extended to a truncated ...
0
votes
2answers
279 views

References for period matrix of abelian variety

Hi, everyone. I am looking for some references for period matrix of abelian variety over arbitrary field, if you know, could you please tell me? For period matrix of abelian varieties, I means that ...
3
votes
0answers
139 views

Hodge filtration over $\mathbb Z_p$

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $X\to\operatorname{Spec}\mathbb Z_p$ be smooth and proper. Is it true that the map $H^i(X,\Omega^{\bullet\geq j}_{X/\mathbb Z_p})\to H^i(X,\Omega^\bullet_{X/\mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group of a semi-abelian variety

Let $A$ be a semi-abelian variety over $K$, $\ell$ a prime number which is not equal to char($K$). Does the abelianization of geometrically pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group ...
10
votes
4answers
925 views

Concrete examples of noncongruence, arithmetic subgroups of SL(2,R)

A subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ is called arithmetic if it is commensurable with $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$. An arithmetic subgroup is called congruence if it contains a subgroup of type $\Gamma(N)$ for ...
3
votes
1answer
316 views

Shafarevich's theorem for elliptic curves defined over function field of algebraic curve over algebraically closed field

Let $K$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of places of $K$. Then Shafarevich's theorem states that there are only finitely many isomorphism classes of elliptic curves $E$ over $K$ with good ...
3
votes
0answers
139 views

Is Hasse-witt map isomorphism?

Fix a level $N \geq 3$ and denote by $\Gamma(N)\subset SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ the subgroup of matrices which are congruent to the identity modulo $N$. The open modular curve $Y(N)$ corresponding to ...
0
votes
1answer
234 views

a question of Galois cohomology

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with algebraically closed residue field $k$ and fractional field $K$ , $PGL(2)$ the automorphic group of projective line over $\overline K$. My question is: When ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

morphism between two elliptic curves over a local field

Let $X,Y$ be two elliptic curves over $K:=K(R)$ which have good models over $R$, Char($K$)=$0$, where $R$ complete DVR with algebraically residue field $k$. If $L$ is a finite extension of $K$, such ...
1
vote
2answers
492 views

are moduli stacks deligne-mumford stacks in general

Let M be your favorite moduli stack over the field of complex numbers. Is it reasonable to expect M to be a Deligne-Mumford stack? I know this is true for the moduli space of curves of genus g, ...
4
votes
0answers
193 views

Is Normalization of log smooth scheme smooth?

Let $f:Y\rightarrow X$ be a finite flat morphism between smooth schemes over $Spec k$, where $k$ is a perfect field. Let $D$ be an irreducible and smooth divisor of $X$, $U=X\setminus D$ the ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

arithmetic group over function fields and its fundamental domain

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group defined over a global function field $K$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. For a place $v$ of $K$ let $K_v$ be the completion under $v$. We take ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Bound for the degree of the field of definition for a closed point of a variety

While attempting to prove some existence theorem for matrices over $\mathbb{F}_{2^k}$ I've come across the following problem concerning fields of definition for closed point of, say affine, varieties. ...
3
votes
1answer
294 views

Heegner Points on $X_0(N)$ when some primes dividing $N$ are inert in the imaginary quadratic field

If $K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-D})$ is a imaginary quadratic field with discriminant $-D$, then we get Heegner points on $X_0(N)$ as long as there exists $\mathfrak{n} \subset \mathcal{O}_K$ such that ...
3
votes
3answers
662 views

reduction types of elliptic curves

Let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve, where $K$ is a complete local field with residue field $k$ and char$(k) = p$. I'm trying to make sense of Kodaira symbols and Tate's algorithm. My current ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

When is the determinant of the push-forward of an ample line bundle ample

Let $f:X\to S$ be a "nice" morphism of "nice" schemes. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$. When is $\det f_\ast L$ also ample? A "nice" morphism could be anything from "finite type separated" to ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

Inertia subgroup in the ordinary reduction case when $p=2$

Dear MO, Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_2$ be a finite extension, and let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve with good ordinary reduction, and such that $\mathbb{Q}_2(j(E))=K$. Let ...
6
votes
0answers
153 views

simple proof of relation between H^1 crystalline and Dieudonne module?

Hi, Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p > 0$. Let $A/k$ be an abelian variety. Then the first crystalline cohomology group of $A$ with respect to $W(k)$ (= Witt vectors) is canonically ...
6
votes
1answer
237 views

Local Norm Mapping for Abelian Varieties

Let $A/K$ be an abelian variety defined over a nonarchimedean local field $K$ of characteristic $0$ and let $L$ be a finite extension of $K$. Consider the norm map $$A(L)\xrightarrow{N_{L/K}}A(K)$$ I ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Are period domains ever contractible

Which simply-connected period domains are contractible? Examples. Siegel upper-half space? Poincare upper-half plane? Universal cover of a Shimura variety? Are these contractible?
3
votes
1answer
173 views

scheme of generalizations

Hi, I have the following problem. Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a valuation ring and $S=Spec(\mathcal{O})$, denote with $s$ the closed point and with $\eta$ the generic one. Let $X\rightarrow S$ be a proper, ...
5
votes
0answers
208 views

Isogenous elliptic curves have same conductor

Let $E/K, E'/K$ be elliptic curves defined over a number field $K$. Let $\phi: E \to E'$ be a non-constant isogeny defined over $K$. Why must the conductors be equal? I know that this is an ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

Tricks to produce examples of hypersurfaces with index greater than $1$

Recall, index of an algebraic scheme $X$ is defined to be the greatest common divisor of the degrees of the space of zero cycles on $X$. I am interested in examples of hypersurfaces in ...
9
votes
2answers
890 views

Status of Beilinson conjectures?

(I hesitate to post that question here, but I received on answer on FB:) Does anyone know how the current status of work on them is? And how the possible generalizations etc. which one thinks ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Possible reasons why the image of 0 in the modular parametrization would always be O for a family of quadratic twists of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve and $E_n$ be its quadratic twist by $n$. Let $\phi_n: X_0(N_n) \to E_n$ be the normalized modular parametrization of $E_n$ ($\infty \to O$) For some particular curves ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

The etale cohomology``ring" structure of torsion sheaves on varieties

For a topological manifold $M$, one can speak of the cohomology ring structure $H^*(M, k)$ where $k$ is a ring. If one replace $M$ by an arithmetic schemes $X$ over a base ring $S$, and replace $k$ by ...
6
votes
1answer
336 views

Simple field extension and rational points

Let $F$ be an infinite field and $f$ a homogeneous form on $F$ such that $f$ has no non-trivial zero in $F$. Let $F'$ be a finite extension of $F$ such that $f$ has a non-trivial zero in $F'$. Is it ...
4
votes
2answers
179 views

computing the order of the image of 0 under the modular parametrization map for an elliptic curve

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of rank 0, with modular parametrization $\phi: X_0(N) \to E$. Let $\Omega_0$ be the least positive real period. A paper I'm reading (Yoshida, Some variants of ...
6
votes
1answer
367 views

Overconvergent/infinitesimal site, base change and six operations

This question is about 6 operations formalism for 'crystalline' cohomology theories - more specifically the infinitesimal cohomology of smooth $\mathbb{C}$-varieties, and the overconvergent cohomology ...
17
votes
0answers
414 views

On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Rational points on a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$

Call a point of $\mathbb{R}^d$ rational if all its $d$ coordinates are rational numbers. Q1. Is the unit sphere $S :\; x_1^2 +\cdots+ x_d^2 = 1$ dense in rational points, i.e. does $S$ include a ...