The arithmetic-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

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### $R^2f_{\operatorname{et},*}\mathbb{G}_m$ vs $R^2f_{\operatorname{Zar},*}\mathbb{G}_m$

Let $S$ be the spectrum of a discrete valuation ring and $f:X\rightarrow S$ be a relative projective curve with generic fiber smooth and special fiber semistable. How much differ the sheaf ...

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**1**answer

174 views

### Algebraic varieties in “mixed” affine spaces

Let $K\subset L$ be a field extension and let $K\subset F_1,F_2,...,F_n\subset L$ be proper intermediate fields. Consider the "mixed" affine space $\mathbb{A}_{(F_i)}:=\prod_{i=1}^n F_i$ instead of ...

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**1**answer

452 views

### Is there a known example of a curve X of genus > 1 over Q such that we know the number of points of X over the n-th cyclotomic field, for every n?

By Falting's theorem, these numbers are of course finite. Is there an example where we can explicitly compute them for every $n$?
Thank you!

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**1**answer

642 views

### What makes the Cartier operator “tick”?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve over a finite field of characteristic $p$. Let $t$ be a local parameter at a point. If $f$ is a regular function on a neighbourhood of the point, one can write uniquely
$$f ...

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**1**answer

215 views

### Comparison between Etale and Zariski topology on schemes

Let $Sch_{Zar}, Sch_{et}$ denote scheme with Zariski and Etale topology respectively. Is there a functor from $Sch_{et}$ to $Sch_{Zar}$ (or from $Sch_{Zar}$ to $Sch_{et}$) which preserves fiber ...

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**1**answer

294 views

### Vanishing cohomology of de-Rham Witt complex

Let $X$ be a smooth scheme over $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ for a prime number $p$. As far as I understand,
there is a surjective morphism from
$\Omega^\bullet_{W\mathcal{O}_X} \to W \Omega_{X}^\bullet$ which ...

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**1**answer

203 views

### Why is the base change functor faithful

Let $L/k$ be a field extension of algebraically closed fields of characteristic zero. Let $U$ be a smooth quasi-projective variety over $k$.
I am trying to understand why the base-change functor from ...

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**1**answer

397 views

### Potentially good, semi-stable reduction => good reduction ?

Does a smooth proper variety having semi-stable reduction as well as potentially good reduction have good reduction ?
Note that over a $p$-adic field, this is true for the Galois representations in ...

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**1**answer

108 views

### Rational points on the curve y^p=f(x) in characteristic p

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{F}_q(t)$ and define the curve $C$ by
the equation $y^p=f(x)$ where $p=\mathbf{char} K$ and $f\in K[x]$.
What is the genus of $C$? When does it have infinitely ...

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414 views

### Belyi's theorem for function fields

Belyi's theorem states that every smooth projective algebraic curve $C$ defined over $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$
admits a map $C\to\mathbb{P}^1$ ramified only over $0,1,\infty$.
Is there an analogue of this ...

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1k views

### Roadmap to reach Arithmetic Geometry for a Physics Major

Hi Everybody! I am physics major but I read mathematics for myself. my main fields of interest are number theory and geometry. it seems that due to the works of A.Grothendieck, algebraic geometry must ...

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**0**answers

138 views

### What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...

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**1**answer

267 views

### Can the Albanese map be anything?

Sorry for the vague title. This question is about the Albanese map from the variety $M$ of canonically polarized varieties to the set of abelian varieties. (The variety $M$ is not of finite type...)
...

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**1**answer

157 views

### Specialization of sections in an elliptic fibration

Let $\pi: X \rightarrow S$ be the Neron model of an elliptic curve over a dedekind domain (but probably any minimal elliptic fibration will suffice).
Let $\eta$ be the generic point of $S$, $K = ...

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**1**answer

630 views

### Is Gouvêa-Mazur's “Infinite Fern” a fractal?

[EDIT]: Following Qiaochu Yuan's comment, it is better to clarify that I do not know what the right definition of a fractal in the following question should be. But a nice answer might contain such a ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Why is Faltings' “almost purity theorem” a purity theorem?

My understanding of purity theorems is that they come in several flavors:
1) Those of the form "this Galois representation is pure, i.e. the eigenvalues of $Frob_p$ are algebraic numbers all of whose ...

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**2**answers

428 views

### Examples of (Phi,Gamma)-modules

What is the (Phi,Gamma)-module of an elliptic curve over Z_p, expressed by a direct construction ?

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### Natural construction of Hodge (Phi,Gamma)-modules

I am looking for a functor from varieties $X/\mathbf{Z}_p$ to $(\varphi,\Gamma)$-modules over the Robba ring over $\mathbf{Q}_p$ (overconvergent ones) that is contructed by differential methods ...

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204 views

### Can one bound the Quadratic Points on Curves?

Let $C$ be a nonsingular projective curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$, which does not admit a map of degree 1 or 2 to $\mathbb{P}^1$ or to an elliptic curve. It is then a consequence of Corollary 3 of ...

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93 views

### extending truncated Barsotti-Tate group

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve defined over a finite field of char $p$, let $G[1]$ be a truncated Barsotti-Tate grop of level-1. My question is : can $G[1]$ be extended to a truncated ...

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279 views

### References for period matrix of abelian variety

Hi, everyone.
I am looking for some references for period matrix of abelian variety over arbitrary field, if you know, could you please tell me?
For period matrix of abelian varieties, I means that ...

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**0**answers

139 views

### Hodge filtration over $\mathbb Z_p$

Let $p$ be a prime number.
Let $X\to\operatorname{Spec}\mathbb Z_p$ be smooth and proper. Is it true that
the map $H^i(X,\Omega^{\bullet\geq j}_{X/\mathbb Z_p})\to H^i(X,\Omega^\bullet_{X/\mathbb ...

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**1**answer

162 views

### pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group of a semi-abelian variety

Let $A$ be a semi-abelian variety over $K$, $\ell$ a prime number which is not equal to char($K$).
Does the abelianization of geometrically pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group ...

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925 views

### Concrete examples of noncongruence, arithmetic subgroups of SL(2,R)

A subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ is called arithmetic if it is commensurable with $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$.
An arithmetic subgroup is called congruence if it contains a subgroup of type $\Gamma(N)$ for ...

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**1**answer

316 views

### Shafarevich's theorem for elliptic curves defined over function field of algebraic curve over algebraically closed field

Let $K$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of places of $K$. Then Shafarevich's theorem states that there are only finitely many isomorphism classes of elliptic curves $E$ over $K$ with good ...

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139 views

### Is Hasse-witt map isomorphism?

Fix a level $N \geq 3$ and denote by $\Gamma(N)\subset SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ the subgroup of matrices which are congruent to the identity modulo $N$. The open modular curve $Y(N)$ corresponding to ...

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**1**answer

234 views

### a question of Galois cohomology

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with algebraically closed residue field $k$ and fractional field $K$ , $PGL(2)$ the automorphic group of projective line over $\overline K$.
My question is:
When ...

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**1**answer

159 views

### morphism between two elliptic curves over a local field

Let $X,Y$ be two elliptic curves over $K:=K(R)$ which have good models over $R$, Char($K$)=$0$, where $R$ complete DVR with algebraically residue field $k$.
If $L$ is a finite extension of $K$, such ...

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**2**answers

492 views

### are moduli stacks deligne-mumford stacks in general

Let M be your favorite moduli stack over the field of complex numbers.
Is it reasonable to expect M to be a Deligne-Mumford stack?
I know this is true for the moduli space of curves of genus g, ...

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**0**answers

193 views

### Is Normalization of log smooth scheme smooth?

Let $f:Y\rightarrow X$ be a finite flat morphism between smooth schemes over $Spec k$, where $k$ is a perfect field. Let $D$ be an irreducible and smooth divisor of $X$, $U=X\setminus D$ the ...

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140 views

### arithmetic group over function fields and its fundamental domain

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group defined over a global function field $K$.
Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. For a place $v$ of $K$ let $K_v$ be the completion under $v$. We take ...

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93 views

### Bound for the degree of the field of definition for a closed point of a variety

While attempting to prove some existence theorem for matrices over $\mathbb{F}_{2^k}$ I've come across the following problem concerning fields of definition for closed point of, say affine, varieties.
...

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**1**answer

294 views

### Heegner Points on $X_0(N)$ when some primes dividing $N$ are inert in the imaginary quadratic field

If $K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-D})$ is a imaginary quadratic field with discriminant $-D$, then we get Heegner points on $X_0(N)$ as long as there exists $\mathfrak{n} \subset \mathcal{O}_K$ such that ...

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662 views

### reduction types of elliptic curves

Let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve, where $K$ is a complete local field with residue field $k$ and char$(k) = p$. I'm trying to make sense of Kodaira symbols and Tate's algorithm.
My current ...

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**1**answer

204 views

### When is the determinant of the push-forward of an ample line bundle ample

Let $f:X\to S$ be a "nice" morphism of "nice" schemes. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$.
When is $\det f_\ast L$ also ample?
A "nice" morphism could be anything from "finite type separated" to ...

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**1**answer

261 views

### Inertia subgroup in the ordinary reduction case when $p=2$

Dear MO,
Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_2$ be a finite extension, and let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve with good ordinary reduction, and such that $\mathbb{Q}_2(j(E))=K$. Let ...

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153 views

### simple proof of relation between H^1 crystalline and Dieudonne module?

Hi,
Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p > 0$. Let $A/k$ be an abelian variety. Then the first crystalline cohomology group of $A$ with respect to $W(k)$ (= Witt vectors) is canonically ...

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**1**answer

237 views

### Local Norm Mapping for Abelian Varieties

Let $A/K$ be an abelian variety defined over a nonarchimedean local field $K$ of characteristic $0$ and let $L$ be a finite extension of $K$. Consider the norm map $$A(L)\xrightarrow{N_{L/K}}A(K)$$ I ...

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**1**answer

172 views

### Are period domains ever contractible

Which simply-connected period domains are contractible?
Examples. Siegel upper-half space? Poincare upper-half plane? Universal cover of a Shimura variety?
Are these contractible?

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**1**answer

173 views

### scheme of generalizations

Hi,
I have the following problem. Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a valuation ring and $S=Spec(\mathcal{O})$, denote with $s$ the closed point and with $\eta$ the generic one. Let $X\rightarrow S$ be a proper, ...

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208 views

### Isogenous elliptic curves have same conductor

Let $E/K, E'/K$ be elliptic curves defined over a number field $K$. Let $\phi: E \to E'$ be a non-constant isogeny defined over $K$. Why must the conductors be equal?
I know that this is an ...

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**1**answer

210 views

### Tricks to produce examples of hypersurfaces with index greater than $1$

Recall, index of an algebraic scheme $X$ is defined to be the greatest common divisor of the degrees of the space of zero cycles on $X$. I am interested in examples of hypersurfaces in ...

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**2**answers

890 views

### Status of Beilinson conjectures?

(I hesitate to post that question here, but I received on answer on FB:)
Does anyone know how the current status of work on them is? And how the possible generalizations etc. which one thinks ...

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150 views

### Possible reasons why the image of 0 in the modular parametrization would always be O for a family of quadratic twists of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve and $E_n$ be its quadratic twist by $n$. Let $\phi_n: X_0(N_n) \to E_n$ be the normalized modular parametrization of $E_n$ ($\infty \to O$)
For some particular curves ...

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**0**answers

90 views

### The etale cohomology``ring" structure of torsion sheaves on varieties

For a topological manifold $M$, one can speak of the cohomology ring structure $H^*(M, k)$ where $k$ is a ring. If one replace $M$ by an arithmetic schemes $X$ over a base ring $S$, and replace $k$ by ...

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336 views

### Simple field extension and rational points

Let $F$ be an infinite field and $f$ a homogeneous form on $F$ such that $f$ has no non-trivial zero in $F$. Let $F'$ be a finite extension of $F$ such that $f$ has a non-trivial zero in $F'$. Is it ...

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### computing the order of the image of 0 under the modular parametrization map for an elliptic curve

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of rank 0, with modular parametrization $\phi: X_0(N) \to E$. Let $\Omega_0$ be the least positive real period. A paper I'm reading (Yoshida, Some variants of ...

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367 views

### Overconvergent/infinitesimal site, base change and six operations

This question is about 6 operations formalism for 'crystalline' cohomology theories - more specifically the infinitesimal cohomology of smooth $\mathbb{C}$-varieties, and the overconvergent cohomology ...

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414 views

### On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...

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### Rational points on a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$

Call a point of $\mathbb{R}^d$ rational if all its $d$ coordinates are rational numbers.
Q1.
Is the unit sphere $S :\; x_1^2 +\cdots+ x_d^2 = 1$ dense in rational points, i.e. does $S$ include a ...