Diophantine equations, elliptic curves, Mordell conjecture, Arakelov theory, Iwasawa theory, ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

439 views

### Elliptic curves and supercuspidal representations of conductor $p^2$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime of additive reduction for $E$.
Let $f$ be the newform associated to $E$, and let $\pi$ be the irreducible admissible ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

724 views

### Meaningful review of Moriwaki's “Arakelov Geometry”

I have been asked to write a mathscinet review for Atsushi Moriwaki's Arakelov Geometry
book:
http://www.ams.org/bookstore-getitem/item=mmono-244
I could do the review the standard way in a day or ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

223 views

### Examples of quotients by infinitesimal group schemes

I'm looking for examples of explicit actions of the infinitesimal group schemes $\alpha_{p^n}$ on schemes (maybe as simple as the affine plane) in characteristic $p$ or mixed characteristic, and their ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### Condition for a finite group scheme to be étale [closed]

My question comes from the reading of Tate's paper $p$-divisible groups. In the last few pages there is an argument which gives as trivial the following fact. If we take a $p$-divisible group over a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Average height of rational points on a curve

I am seeking a formalism to define the average height of
the rational points on a curve. This is straightforward
if the number of points is finite, but (to me) not straightforward
when the rational ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

606 views

### What are the strongest conjectured uniform versions of Serre's Open Image Theorem?

This question concerns the uniform conjectured effective versions and generalizations of these two results of Serre on $\ell$-adic Galois representations $\rho_{E,\ell}$ associated to a non-CM ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Base change of regular schemes [closed]

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with fraction field $K$, $X$ be a regular scheme flat over $R$. Let $L$ be a finite field extension of $K$ and $Q$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $L$. Denote by $Y:=X \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### 'Stalk' of vanishing cycles at $k$-point

I have a simple question on notation.
Let $S$ be a Henselian trait with closed point $s$ (with finite residue field $k$) and generic point $\eta$. Let $X/S$ be a variety. Then, we have the functor
$$...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and $...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

890 views

### Understanding Faltings's Theorem

I am soon to become a graduate student and so I started a personal project; I want to understand Faltings's proof of the Mordell conjecture.
I want to get into arithmetic geometry (since I always ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

370 views

### Deciding a quadratic diophantine equation

Given $a,b\in\Bbb Q_+$, is there an easy way to decide if $$S_{a,b}=\{(x,y)\in\Bbb Z^2:ax^2 + by^2=1\}=\emptyset?$$
I am more interested in seeing if there is a quick way to test for case when ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Extension of a complete discrete valuation ring

My question came when I was reading the famous Tate's paper on $p$-divisible groups. At the beginning of chapter $(2.4)$ he cites this fact as obvious. If you take a complete discrete valuation ring $...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Subgroups of $Sp_{2g}$ giving rise to Shimura data

Consider the Shimura datum $(GSp_{2g},\mathcal{H}_g)$. Let $G$ be a reductive $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroup of $Sp_{2g}$. I want to know under what condition there exists a point $x\in\mathcal{H}_g$ such that ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

442 views

### Equivalence of various definitions of arithmetic Chow groups

If I understand correctly, $n$-th arithmetic Chow group of arithmetic variety $X$ is defined as a quotient of the group of pairs of the form $(\sum\limits_in_iZ_i, g)$ where $Z := \sum\limits_in_iZ_i$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Rationality of intersection of algebraic groups

Suppose that $G$ (defined over $\mathbb{Q}$) and $H$ (defined over $\mathbb{R}$) are two algebraic subgroups of a larger algebraic group defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Assume that $G(\mathbb{R})$ and $H(\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

179 views

### Dieudonné modules -reference request

I need a reference to start learning about Dieudonn\'e modules, and their application to the arithmetic of abelian varieities. I know that this is a copy of Reference for Dieudonné modules, but.....

**6**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Representability of morphism of stacks

A morphism of Artin stacks $f:X\to Y$ over $\mathbb Q$ is representable by algebraic spaces if and only if its geometric fibres are algebraic spaces. I would like to know if one can use this to prove ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### Non-embeddable varieties

Suppose that $k$ is a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$, $\mathcal{V}$ is a complete discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ and quotient field $K$, of characteristic $0$.
Then when ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Abelian varieties with good reduction everywhere over function fields

There is a famous theorem due to J.-M. Fontaine,
Il n'y a pas de variété abélienne sur Z
(and independently by V.A. Abrashkin) that there are no abelian varieties over Z. I was wondering whether ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### Bruhat Tits buiding to visualize closed points of affine flag varieties?

In his survey "affine springer fibers and affine Deligne-Lusztig varieties", Goertz gives us a tutorial session on how to use Bruhat Tits buildings to visualize subsets of affine Grassmannians or of ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

389 views

### Obstruction and rational points on curves

Is etale-Brauer the only obstruction to the existence of rational points on projective plane curves over number fields?

**7**

votes

**2**answers

452 views

### How to compute class number of a torus

Let $T$ be an algebraic torus over a number field $K$.
Following notations in Ono's The Arithmetic of Tori,
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1970307?sid=21105671135711&uid=3739888&uid=2&...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Local duality for abelian varieties

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a p-adic field $K$. Let $I$ be the inertia group of $K$. There is a Yoneda pairing $$H^n(\hat{\mathbb{Z}},A^I) \times Ext^{2-n}_{\hat{\mathbb{Z}}}(A^I,\mathbb{Z}) \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### integral basis for the Lie algebra of the Neron model of an abelian variety

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a number field $K$. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the Neron model of $A$ over $O_K$. Let $\Omega_{\mathcal{A}/O_K}$ be the sheaf of invariant differential forms on $\mathcal{...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

595 views

### Variety acquiring rational point over any quadratic extension

Does there exist a variety $X$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or a number field) such that it has no rational points over $\mathbb{Q}$ but acquires points over any quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$?
If ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### When an elliptic curve is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$?

I want to know when an elliptic curve $E \rightarrow S$ is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$.
When $S$ is an analytic space, there is an exact sequence $$0 \rightarrow R^1 \mathbb{Z}^{\vee} \rightarrow e^{...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

368 views

### Can an abelian variety/Q have no non-trivial points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable
extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial?
This follows from the conjecture that the maximal (pro-)solvable ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Is Scholl construction of modular motives related to Deligne's construction of $\ell$-adic representations?

first of all, I need to declare my extreme ignorance on the topic of modular forms, so , please, does not assume that I know Deligne's construction in details.
In https://www.dpmms.cam.ac.uk/~ajs1005/...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Some clarifications regarding Deligne's paper on $\ell$-adic representations arising from modular forms

I've posted this question few days ago on math.stackexchange because it seems quite superficial. However, since I've got no responses at all, I'm posting it here. If the question is not suitable, ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

310 views

### Is the absolute Galois group of the rationals Hopfian?

Is every continuous epimorphism from the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself injective?

**61**

votes

**1**answer

8k views

### What is an étale theta function?

Let me start out by urging you to take seriously that whatever I write about the papers surrounding IUTT really are questions. If you would like to use it as a guide to the mathematics in any way, ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

486 views

### Paths in $\mathrm{Spec} \, \mathbb{Z}$ and Kim's proof of Siegel's theorem for $\mathbb{P}^1 \setminus \{0,1,\infty\}$

This is motivated by a basic number theory question I asked the previous day:
Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$? I noted there that the answer to the ...

**113**

votes

**1**answer

10k views

### What is a Frobenioid?

Since there will be a long digression in a moment, let me start by reassuring you that my intention really is to ask the question in the title.
Recently, there has been a flurry of new discussion ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

317 views

### cohomological obstructions and rational points

Let $X$ a (nice) scheme over $\mathbb{Q}$. Are there cohomolgical obstructions answering the following questions:
1) is $X(\mathbb{Q})$ an empty set ?
2) is $X(\mathbb{Q})$ a finite (non empty) set ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### When does a hyperelliptic Riemann surface admit a map of degree 3

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g>1$.
For which $g$ does $X$ admit a map $X\to \mathbb P^1$ of degree $3$?
I think a genus two curve $X$ admits a map of degree $3$.
Proof: Pick $P$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

430 views

### References for general Hasse-Weil zeta function

Most research on the Hasse-Weil zeta function focuses on some particular type of algebraic variety, and general surveys usually deal mostly with the better understood elliptic curve case.
I am ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Groupoid cardinality of DM stack and point counting on coarse moduli spaces

Let $X$ be a finite type DM stack over a finite field $k$ with a coarse moduli space $X_c$. (We only assume $X_c$ is an algebraic space and $X$ might have infinite inertia stack.)
Under which ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Difference between Frobenii on Tate modules of special and generic fibre

Let $E$ be elliptic curve over $\mathbb Q$ and $p$ a prime of good reduction for $E$. Fix $\ell \neq p$.
If $E_p$ is ordinary then we have Frobenius $F_p$ on $E_p$. Assume $F_p$ lifts to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### rational point of a curve [closed]

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. I heard (if I did not misunderstood) that the geometry of the complex points $X(\mathbb{C})$ (flat, hyperbolic case) dicts the shape (group ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Is there a solvable point on any variety over the field of complex rational functions?

Let $K = \mathbb{C}(T)$ be the field of complex rational functions in one variable, and let $V$ be a variety defined over $K$.
Must $V$ have a solvable point?
The variety $V$ is assumed ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Are quaternion algebras from Witt's theorem endomorphism rings of vector bundles?

Let $k$ be a field with char $k \neq 2$. For $a,b \in k^{\times}$, let $(a,b)$ denote the quaternion algebra with $i^2=a$ and $j^{2}=b$, and let $C(a,b)$ denote the projective plane conic given by $...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

943 views

### When is “independence of l” known?

My question is for which varieties over local fields is "independence of l" known for
etale cohomology. Say $X/{\mathbb Q}_p$ is a complete non-singular variety and $W_l$ is the (complex) Weil-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### The generic fiber pullback for $p$-divisible groups in characteristic $p$

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with the field of fractions $K$ and the residue characteristic $p$. If $K$ is of characteristic $0$, then a celebrated theorem of Tate says that the pullback ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Torsors in the analytic topology versus torsors in the etale topology

Let $S= \mathbb A^1_{\mathbb C}$ be the affine line, and let $G$ be a smooth connected reductive group over $S$, e.g., $G = \mathbb G_m, \mathrm{SL}_n$ or $SO_n$.
Is every analytic $G$-torsor over $S$...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

926 views

### Applications of $p$-adic Hodge theory

I am trying to learn $p$-adic Hodge theory. I found some materials explaining main theorems (or aspects) of the theory. However, I could not find references which explaining how to use the theory. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Weil height of an Abelian Variety with everywhere (potentially) good reduction

Background: Suppose that $E$ is an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ with everywhere (potentially) good reduction. there are many ways to define the height of $E$, and I will be concerned with the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### “Weight-monodromy” for open varieties

Suppose that $X/\mathbb{Q}_p$ is a smooth, projective variety, and choose a prime $\ell\neq p$. Then the weight-monodromy conjecture says that the graded pieces $\mathrm{Gr}_k^M$ of the monodromy ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

970 views

### Good lecture notes/books on Jacobian of hyperelliptic curve

I want to understand what the Jacobian variety is from an algebraic (or arithmetic?) perspective.
I want to know:
What is the definition of the Jacobian?
Widely know facts about it.
Why the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

548 views

### Adjoining torsion points from abelian varieties

Let $L/\mathbb{Q}$ be the field generated over $\mathbb{Q}$ by all of the (projective) coordinates of all of the torsion points of all abelian varieties defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Is $L$ algebraically ...

**37**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Fermat's last theorem over larger fields

Fermat's last theorem implies that the number of solutions of $x^5 + y^5 = 1$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is finite.
Is the number of solutions of $x^5 + y^5 = 1$ over $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ finite?
Here $\...