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2
votes
4answers
872 views

Roadmap to reach Arithmetic Geometry for a Physics Major

Hi Everybody! I am physics major but I read mathematics for myself. my main fields of interest are number theory and geometry. it seems that due to the works of A.Grothendieck, algebraic geometry must ...
1
vote
0answers
119 views

What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

Can the Albanese map be anything?

Sorry for the vague title. This question is about the Albanese map from the variety $M$ of canonically polarized varieties to the set of abelian varieties. (The variety $M$ is not of finite type...) ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Specialization of sections in an elliptic fibration

Let $\pi: X \rightarrow S$ be the Neron model of an elliptic curve over a dedekind domain (but probably any minimal elliptic fibration will suffice). Let $\eta$ be the generic point of $S$, $K = ...
6
votes
1answer
612 views

Is Gouvêa-Mazur's “Infinite Fern” a fractal?

[EDIT]: Following Qiaochu Yuan's comment, it is better to clarify that I do not know what the right definition of a fractal in the following question should be. But a nice answer might contain such a ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is Faltings' “almost purity theorem” a purity theorem?

My understanding of purity theorems is that they come in several flavors: 1) Those of the form "this Galois representation is pure, i.e. the eigenvalues of $Frob_p$ are algebraic numbers all of whose ...
5
votes
2answers
357 views

Examples of (Phi,Gamma)-modules

What is the (Phi,Gamma)-module of an elliptic curve over Z_p, expressed by a direct construction ?
3
votes
0answers
146 views

Natural construction of Hodge (Phi,Gamma)-modules

I am looking for a functor from varieties $X/\mathbf{Z}_p$ to $(\varphi,\Gamma)$-modules over the Robba ring over $\mathbf{Q}_p$ (overconvergent ones) that is contructed by differential methods ...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Can one bound the Quadratic Points on Curves?

Let $C$ be a nonsingular projective curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$, which does not admit a map of degree 1 or 2 to $\mathbb{P}^1$ or to an elliptic curve. It is then a consequence of Corollary 3 of ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

extending truncated Barsotti-Tate group

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve defined over a finite field of char $p$, let $G[1]$ be a truncated Barsotti-Tate grop of level-1. My question is : can $G[1]$ be extended to a truncated ...
0
votes
2answers
254 views

References for period matrix of abelian variety

Hi, everyone. I am looking for some references for period matrix of abelian variety over arbitrary field, if you know, could you please tell me? For period matrix of abelian varieties, I means that ...
3
votes
0answers
130 views

Hodge filtration over $\mathbb Z_p$

Let $p$ be a prime number. Let $X\to\operatorname{Spec}\mathbb Z_p$ be smooth and proper. Is it true that the map $H^i(X,\Omega^{\bullet\geq j}_{X/\mathbb Z_p})\to H^i(X,\Omega^\bullet_{X/\mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group of a semi-abelian variety

Let $A$ be a semi-abelian variety over $K$, $\ell$ a prime number which is not equal to char($K$). Does the abelianization of geometrically pro-$\ell$ etale fundamental group ...
9
votes
4answers
724 views

Concrete examples of noncongruence, arithmetic subgroups of SL(2,R)

A subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ is called arithmetic if it is commensurable with $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$. An arithmetic subgroup is called congruence if it contains a subgroup of type $\Gamma(N)$ for ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Shafarevich's theorem for elliptic curves defined over function field of algebraic curve over algebraically closed field

Let $K$ be a number field and $S$ a finite set of places of $K$. Then Shafarevich's theorem states that there are only finitely many isomorphism classes of elliptic curves $E$ over $K$ with good ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Is Hasse-witt map isomorphism?

Fix a level $N \geq 3$ and denote by $\Gamma(N)\subset SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ the subgroup of matrices which are congruent to the identity modulo $N$. The open modular curve $Y(N)$ corresponding to ...
0
votes
1answer
219 views

a question of Galois cohomology

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with algebraically closed residue field $k$ and fractional field $K$ , $PGL(2)$ the automorphic group of projective line over $\overline K$. My question is: When ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

morphism between two elliptic curves over a local field

Let $X,Y$ be two elliptic curves over $K:=K(R)$ which have good models over $R$, Char($K$)=$0$, where $R$ complete DVR with algebraically residue field $k$. If $L$ is a finite extension of $K$, such ...
1
vote
2answers
445 views

are moduli stacks deligne-mumford stacks in general

Let M be your favorite moduli stack over the field of complex numbers. Is it reasonable to expect M to be a Deligne-Mumford stack? I know this is true for the moduli space of curves of genus g, ...
3
votes
0answers
183 views

Is Normalization of log smooth scheme smooth?

Let $f:Y\rightarrow X$ be a finite flat morphism between smooth schemes over $Spec k$, where $k$ is a perfect field. Let $D$ be an irreducible and smooth divisor of $X$, $U=X\setminus D$ the ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

arithmetic group over function fields and its fundamental domain

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group defined over a global function field $K$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. For a place $v$ of $K$ let $K_v$ be the completion under $v$. We take ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Bound for the degree of the field of definition for a closed point of a variety

While attempting to prove some existence theorem for matrices over $\mathbb{F}_{2^k}$ I've come across the following problem concerning fields of definition for closed point of, say affine, varieties. ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

Heegner Points on $X_0(N)$ when some primes dividing $N$ are inert in the imaginary quadratic field

If $K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-D})$ is a imaginary quadratic field with discriminant $-D$, then we get Heegner points on $X_0(N)$ as long as there exists $\mathfrak{n} \subset \mathcal{O}_K$ such that ...
3
votes
3answers
463 views

reduction types of elliptic curves

Let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve, where $K$ is a complete local field with residue field $k$ and char$(k) = p$. I'm trying to make sense of Kodaira symbols and Tate's algorithm. My current ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

When is the determinant of the push-forward of an ample line bundle ample

Let $f:X\to S$ be a "nice" morphism of "nice" schemes. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$. When is $\det f_\ast L$ also ample? A "nice" morphism could be anything from "finite type separated" to ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Inertia subgroup in the ordinary reduction case when $p=2$

Dear MO, Let $K/\mathbb{Q}_2$ be a finite extension, and let $E/K$ be an elliptic curve with good ordinary reduction, and such that $\mathbb{Q}_2(j(E))=K$. Let ...
6
votes
0answers
121 views

simple proof of relation between H^1 crystalline and Dieudonne module?

Hi, Let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p > 0$. Let $A/k$ be an abelian variety. Then the first crystalline cohomology group of $A$ with respect to $W(k)$ (= Witt vectors) is canonically ...
6
votes
1answer
223 views

Local Norm Mapping for Abelian Varieties

Let $A/K$ be an abelian variety defined over a nonarchimedean local field $K$ of characteristic $0$ and let $L$ be a finite extension of $K$. Consider the norm map $$A(L)\xrightarrow{N_{L/K}}A(K)$$ I ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Are period domains ever contractible

Which simply-connected period domains are contractible? Examples. Siegel upper-half space? Poincare upper-half plane? Universal cover of a Shimura variety? Are these contractible?
3
votes
1answer
165 views

scheme of generalizations

Hi, I have the following problem. Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a valuation ring and $S=Spec(\mathcal{O})$, denote with $s$ the closed point and with $\eta$ the generic one. Let $X\rightarrow S$ be a proper, ...
5
votes
0answers
189 views

Isogenous elliptic curves have same conductor

Let $E/K, E'/K$ be elliptic curves defined over a number field $K$. Let $\phi: E \to E'$ be a non-constant isogeny defined over $K$. Why must the conductors be equal? I know that this is an ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Tricks to produce examples of hypersurfaces with index greater than $1$

Recall, index of an algebraic scheme $X$ is defined to be the greatest common divisor of the degrees of the space of zero cycles on $X$. I am interested in examples of hypersurfaces in ...
9
votes
2answers
826 views

Status of Beilinson conjectures?

(I hesitate to post that question here, but I received on answer on FB:) Does anyone know how the current status of work on them is? And how the possible generalizations etc. which one thinks ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Possible reasons why the image of 0 in the modular parametrization would always be O for a family of quadratic twists of elliptic curves

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve and $E_n$ be its quadratic twist by $n$. Let $\phi_n: X_0(N_n) \to E_n$ be the normalized modular parametrization of $E_n$ ($\infty \to O$) For some particular curves ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

The etale cohomology``ring" structure of torsion sheaves on varieties

For a topological manifold $M$, one can speak of the cohomology ring structure $H^*(M, k)$ where $k$ is a ring. If one replace $M$ by an arithmetic schemes $X$ over a base ring $S$, and replace $k$ by ...
6
votes
1answer
334 views

Simple field extension and rational points

Let $F$ be an infinite field and $f$ a homogeneous form on $F$ such that $f$ has no non-trivial zero in $F$. Let $F'$ be a finite extension of $F$ such that $f$ has a non-trivial zero in $F'$. Is it ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

computing the order of the image of 0 under the modular parametrization map for an elliptic curve

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve of rank 0, with modular parametrization $\phi: X_0(N) \to E$. Let $\Omega_0$ be the least positive real period. A paper I'm reading (Yoshida, Some variants of ...
5
votes
1answer
317 views

Overconvergent/infinitesimal site, base change and six operations

This question is about 6 operations formalism for 'crystalline' cohomology theories - more specifically the infinitesimal cohomology of smooth $\mathbb{C}$-varieties, and the overconvergent cohomology ...
17
votes
0answers
361 views

On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Rational points on a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$

Call a point of $\mathbb{R}^d$ rational if all its $d$ coordinates are rational numbers. Q1. Is the unit sphere $S :\; x_1^2 +\cdots+ x_d^2 = 1$ dense in rational points, i.e., does $S$ ...
2
votes
0answers
221 views

On the expilicite example of Parshin Construction.

In the Proof of Mordell Conjecture by Gerd Faltings, it is famous that Parshin constructed curve C_P for each Q-rational point P on the given curve C over Q such that genus of C satisfies g(C) > 0. ...
3
votes
0answers
182 views

Where was the arithmetic zeta function of a scheme first defined?

Let $X$ be an arithmetic scheme, that is, a scheme of finite type over the integers. We denote the set of closed points of $X$ by $|X|$. For every $x\in|X|$, write $N(x)$ for the cardinality of the ...
0
votes
0answers
131 views

cohomological criterion of triviality

Hi, let $X$ be a proper curve, not necessarily smooth, but reduced and connected and $E$ a vector bundle on $X$ of rank $r$. For a line bundle $L$ it is true that the conditions $h^0(X,L)>0$ and ...
6
votes
2answers
512 views

How to see the geometry and arithmetic of tannakian fundamental groups?

The etale fundamental group is an inverse limit of automorphism groups of finite etale coverings. We can see the geometry of etale fundamental group very well from etale coverings just like ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

S-arithmetic subgroup question

I've been reading a proof concerning S-arithmetic subgroups of algebraic groups and I'm having trouble determining why the following step should be true. First, the setup: Let $G$ be a connected ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

Dualizing sheaf in mixed characteristic for regular schemes.

I've been looking many places, but everything I find seems to either talk about (a) varieties or (b) extremely general situations with dualizing complexes. As I am not in the situation of (a) (i.e. ...
7
votes
1answer
168 views

Which level structures on elliptic curves are twist-invariant?

Let $N \geq 5$ be a prime, and $H$ a subgroup of $GL_2(\mathbb{F}_N)$. As shown in Chapter IV of [DeRap], there is a curve $X_H(N)$, defined over $K_N := \mathbb{Q}(\zeta_N)^{\det H}$, which is a ...
12
votes
1answer
701 views

Status of Grothendieck's conjecture on homomorphisms of abelian schemes

In [1] Grothendieck posits the following: Conjecture. Let $S$ be a reduced connected scheme, locally of finite type over Spec($\mathbf{Z}$) or a field $k$, $A$ and $B$ two abelian schemes over $S$, ...
18
votes
3answers
737 views

Do isogenies with rational kernels tend to be surjective?

Dear MO Community, this is a pretty vague title, so let me tell you the precise observation I have made. Consider the family of elliptic curves over $\mathbf{Q}$ having a rational $5$-torsion point ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Results and conjectures on bounds on degrees of isogenies

Dear MO Community, given an isogeny between two abelian varieties $\varphi: A\rightarrow B$ (everything definied over a number field $K$), we can factor $\varphi$ through a ...