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18
votes
0answers
332 views

Bounding failures of the integral Hodge and Tate conjectures

It is well know that the integral versions of the Hodge and Tate conjectures can fail. I once heard an off hand comment however that they should only fail by a "bounded amount". My question is what ...
3
votes
2answers
232 views

Families of Fano varieties over non-hyperbolic curves

Let $C$ be a non-hyperbolic (smooth quasi-projective connected complex algebraic) curve. That is, $C$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb P^1, \mathbb A^1, \mathbb G_m$, or an elliptic curve. Let $f:X\to C$ be ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

paper by Nakata on 2-adic Galois representations

In Keisuke Arai's 2007 paper "On uniform lower bound of the Galois images associated to elliptic curves", which can be found on ArXiv, Arai makes the following citation: K. Nakata. On the 2-adic ...
6
votes
3answers
338 views

Torsion group of the following elliptic curve

Let $p_1=2, p_2 = 3,\ldots,$ be the prime numbers, and define $n_i = \prod_{j=1}^i p_j$. Moreover, let $E_i $ be the elliptic curve defined by $y^2 = x^3 + n_i$. Can one compute the torsion group ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Does the isotropic group of local galois representation have finite index?

Let $\rho : G\to \mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb Z_p)$ be a crystalline representation of $G=\mathrm{Gal}(\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_p/\mathbb{Q}_p)$. For any non zero element $a\in \mathbb{Z}_p^n$ , it spans a rank one ...
8
votes
1answer
240 views

Example of a variety over a number field with non-semisimple Galois representation on $\ell$-adic cohomology

This question is inspired by the question: Example of non-projective variety with non-semisimple Frobenius action on etale cohomology? Let $K$ be a number field (or finitely generated field of ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

log smooth curve vs pointed node curve

F.Kato has a statement said that a log smooth curve $f:(X, M,\alpha)\to (k,N,\beta)$ where $k$ is an algebraic closed field and $N$ is some fine log structure on $k$, is equvalent to pointed node ...
3
votes
0answers
123 views

log structure on Witt ring and Frobenius map

I am a little confused about the log structure of Witt ring and its Frobenius map. Let $k=\bar{\mathbb{F}}_p$, $W:=W(k)$ the Witt ring. We know that to deal with the semistable reduction, i.e. scheme ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Deforming curves to other curves over the field of rational numbers

Let $X$ and $Y$ be smooth projective geometrically connected curves over $k$ of genus $g$ at least two. If $k$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, there exists a connected ...
7
votes
2answers
387 views

Is a Deligne-Mumford curve defined over Qbar if and only if its coarse moduli space is

Let $\mathcal X$ be a smooth proper finite type Deligne-Mumford stack over $\mathbb C$ that is generically a scheme. Let $X$ be its coarse moduli space. If $\mathcal X$ can be defined over ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Question about the “middle” intermediate Jacobian

Suppose $Y$ is a smooth projective variety of dimension $2p-1$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I have a few questions about the $p^{~\text{ th}}$ intermediate Jacobian $J^p(Y)$ of $Y$. Does it come from (i.e. is ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

Are there generating functions of rational or integral solutions of Diophantine equation that

As we know,there are generating functions for c.e.languages which are some retricted rational or algebraic or transcendental functions dependent on the class of languages like regular ...
2
votes
1answer
235 views

representation of algebraic fundamental group of projective line minus three point

everyone, I want to ask is there any result in the literature similar to the following: Let $ X=\mathbb{P}^1\backslash \{0,1,\infty\}$, then $X$ is defined over $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $X_{\mathbb{Q}}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

degree of isogenies between Jacobians and Abelian Varieties

Let $K$ be a local field of characteristic zero and positive residual characteristic. Let $A$ be a simple abelian variety and assume we have an isogeny $f:Jac_C\rightarrow A$ with $C$ a smooth curve ...
10
votes
3answers
554 views

What is the intuition behind the definition of cuspidal representations?

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a reductive group defined over a number field $K$, let $Z$ be its center, and let $\mathbb{A}:=\mathbb{A}_K$ be the ring of adeles of $K$. Reasonably, we care about the ...
12
votes
2answers
347 views

Existence of local sections

I would like to know when the property of "having a section" for a morphism of varieties in characteristic $0$ can be detected by spreading out to characteristic $p$. Take a number field $K$, and let ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

integral hard Lefschetz

I am looking for examples $(X,\eta)$ where the integral hard Lefschetz is an isomorphism: $X/k$ is a smooth projective variety of dimension $d$ over an algebraic closure of a finite field and $\eta ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

Arithmetic property of a surface of general type

In my previous post I asked about the hyperbolicity of the affine surface $S'=\{zw \neq o\}$ in the projective surface $z^2 = P(x) Q(y)$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$, where $P$ and $Q$ are two general ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from set of c.e.number is period(number)?

What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from the set of c.e.numbers is period(number)? What is the probability that a randomly chosen number from the set of computable numbers is ...
3
votes
1answer
238 views

What is the relation between KC and height of rational number?

Roughly speaking,Kolmogorov Complexity of a bits string or a description is the minimal length of programs outputing a bits string,and height of rational number is logarithm of the largest numerator ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Determining existence of p-adic point on a plane curve

Is there an implemented algorithm that will take a polynomial $f(x,y)\in\mathbb Z[x,y]$ and a prime $p$, and determine whether the equation $f(x,y)=0$ has a solution over $\mathbb Q_p$?
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Etale cohomology and restricted direct product

[migrated from math.stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/727896/etale-cohomology-and-restricted-direct-product] $\newcommand{\h}{\operatorname{H}}$ Let $k$ be a global field, $A$ an ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Can the failure of the multiplicativity of archimedean L-factors be corrected?

My question is parallel to J. Borger' question: Can the failure of the multiplicativity of Euler factors at bad primes be corrected? As emphasized by Scholbach in his paper on special values of ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Bounds for the Tamagawa number of the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ and residue field $k$ and let $C$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g$ defined over $K$ with Jacobian $J$. Suppose that $C$ is given by ...
9
votes
0answers
314 views

Inequality regarding sum of gaussian on lattices

When S is a subset of an inner product space, let d(S) denote ${\sum\limits_{s \in S} e^{- \langle s,s \rangle}}$ Suppose L is a discrete additive subgroup of $\mathbb{R^n}$, M is a subgroup of L, ...
9
votes
0answers
147 views

Totally real points on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective (geometrically integral) curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g \geq 3$. Suppose that $X(\mathbb{R}) \neq \emptyset$. Does $X$ have a point defined over a ...
8
votes
1answer
269 views

Extended Deformation Theory (dg-Lie algebra principle in positive characteristic?)

Recently, I looked at articles that make use of Deligne's idea that "in characteristic 0 every deformation problem is governed by a differential graded Lie algebra" as explained first in ...
7
votes
1answer
226 views

Finite morphisms to projective space

Let $X$ be a projective variety of dimension n. Then there exists a finite surjective morphism $X \to \mathbf P^n$. Let $d$ be the minimal degree of such a finite surjective morphism. Let $d^\prime ...
10
votes
1answer
356 views

Degeneration of the Hodge spectral sequence for scheme over truncated Witt ring?

Let $f:X\to S$ be a smooth proper morphism of schemes. If $S$ is of characteristic zero (i.e., $S$ is a $\mathbb{Q}$-scheme), then Deligne has shown: The Hodge-De Rham spectral sequence ...
1
vote
1answer
278 views

Number field of degree 5

I am interested in field extensions of the rationals. About degree 3 extensions there are many refrences including the famous paper of Shanks "The Simplest Cubic Fields". In particular he gave ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Potential good reduction of abelian varieties

In Corollary 3 on page 498 of the article "Good reduction of abelian varieties" it says that, under some specified conditions, the minimal subextension $L/K$ of $\overline{K}/K$ over which an abelian ...
3
votes
1answer
291 views

Base change in crystalline cohomology?

Does one have a base change theorem in crystalline cohomology like in étale cohomology? Suppose one has the following cartesian diagram $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

What is “special” maximal compact subgroup of algebraig group over local field?

Learning the theory of Langlands correspondence, I met the notion of "special" maximal compact subgroup of a (reductive) algebraic group over a local field. Here, I think the word "compact" is used ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Compatibility of two definitions of elliptic elements in GLn

For an element $g$ of a connected reductive group $G$ (over a local field), $g$ is called $elliptic$ if it is semisimple and the maximal split subtorus of the center of the centralizer of $g$ is ...
7
votes
1answer
407 views

Explicit calculation of Weil Deligne representations

According to Grothendieck monodromy theorem, l-adic galois representations of a local field corresponds to Weil-Deligne representations. However, given a galois representation, it is usually difficult ...
7
votes
2answers
331 views

Is there a largest prime p such that J_0(p) completely splits into elliptic curves

The question in the title is related to a more general question. Namely does there exist an integer $N$ such that for all curves $C/\mathbb C$ of genus $> N$ one has that not all simple isogeny ...
6
votes
0answers
194 views

The Rappoport-Zink spectral sequence vs. the one of the complement of a normal crossing divisor

As far as I understand these matters, for a regular $\mathfrak{X}$ that is proper flat of finite type over $\operatorname{Spec}\mathbb{Z}_p$, the Rappoport-Zink spectral sequence relates the etale ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Covers of modular curves

I'm interested in covers of modular curves (especially cyclic covers) and I'm sure there's a lot of information out there available on this topic. However, I'm unable to locate any literature (on ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

A problem in intersection theorem

I'm reading the paper: SGA 7 II, Intersections sur les surfaces regulieres. In Papge 6 , I cannot understand why there is sign $-1$ in the formula (1.10.4): Let $S$ be a trait, for any $\mathcal ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Pencil with desired Jet in Algebraic geometry(new!)

Let $k$ be an algebraic closed field. Let $n$ be a positive integer. Let $X$ be an irreducible, proper and smooth scheme over $k$ with an immersion $i:X\hookrightarrow E:=\mathbb P^N_k$ with $N$ ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

A problem on Jets in algebraic geometry

Let $k$ be a perfect field, let $n$ and $m$ be two positive integers. Consider $X=\mathbb P_k^n\times \mathbb P_k^m$. Let $x_0=(1,0,\cdots,0;1,0,\cdots,0)\in X$ be fixed. For any pair of integers ...
5
votes
0answers
153 views

When are Galois representations with open image attached to elliptic curves?

Let $K$ be a number field with absolute Galois group $G_K$. Let $\rho:G_K \rightarrow GL_2(\hat{\mathbb{Z}})$ be a Galois representation such that the image of $\rho$ is open in ...
2
votes
1answer
239 views

Explicit basis for the space of global sections of a twisted arithmetic ideal sheaf

Assume $x\in X=\mathbb{P}^1_{\mathbb{Z}}$ is a closed point with $f(x)=p\in Y$ where $f:X\rightarrow Y$, here $Y=Spec(\mathbb{Z})$. Assume $k(x)=\mathbb{F}_p$ and denote by $I_x$ the ideal sheaf of ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Benchmark problems for computing rational points on varieties

Are there standard benchmark problem sets used for empirically evaluating algorithms designed for computing rational points on (various classes of) algebraic varieties? If so, could you please point ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Are elliptic Kummer extensions big?

Loosely speaking, are elliptic Kummer extensions big? More concretely: Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$, let $p$ be a prime, and let $F$ be a subfield of $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
232 views

Elliptic units and Euler system

Maybe this question is quite obscure and ambiguous. I am really sorry for such ambiguity. My question is, what is the good thing we get from defining elliptic units and Euler system? There are lots ...
9
votes
1answer
479 views

The Sato-Tate conjecture for hypersurfaces?

The Sato-Tate conjecture for elliptic curves $E$ predicts the distribution of the eigenvalues of Frobenius at $p$ on the Tate module of $E$ as $p$ varies in terms of the distribution of the ...
3
votes
2answers
388 views

Faltings height of a CM abelian variety

Let A be a CM abelian variety, say simple of dimension g, with $End(A) = O_K$, where $K$ is a CM field of degree $2g$. Is there an upper bound for the Faltings height $h(A)$ in terms of the ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

How do ideal sheaves behave on the special fibers of the projective line over the integers?

Let $X=\mathbb{P}^1_{\mathbb{Z}}$ and $Y\subset X$ be a local complete intersection of codimension two with Ideal sheaf $I_Y$. (I'm mostly interested in the case where $Y$ is a single point $x$ ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

Vanishing theorems that work in positive characteristic

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a field of characteristic $p>0$ of dimension at least $2$. I am looking for some examples when $H^2(\mathcal{O}_X)$ vanishes. Is there any standard way ...