9
votes
1answer
526 views

Why is the section conjecture important?

As in the title, I want to know the reason for importance of the section conjecture. Of course, the statement of conjecture is important as itself, even I cannot fully grasp the soul of it. However, ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

minimal conductors among elliptic curves with a fixed CM type

Let $K$ be a quadratic imaginary field. To simplify my life, let us assume that $K$ has class number one. Consider the following infinite set: $S_1:=$ $\{$ $E\subseteq\mathbf{P}^2(\mathbf{C})$ is an ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Uniqueness of lifting of very ample line bundle on smooth proper surfaces over DVR

Let $R$ be a complete Henselian discrete valuation ring of characteristic 0, $X_R$ be a surface smooth, proper and flat over $R$. Assume that the residue field $k$ of $R$ is algebraically closed of ...
7
votes
2answers
375 views

Is a Deligne-Mumford curve defined over Qbar if and only if its coarse moduli space is

Let $\mathcal X$ be a smooth proper finite type Deligne-Mumford stack over $\mathbb C$ that is generically a scheme. Let $X$ be its coarse moduli space. If $\mathcal X$ can be defined over ...
8
votes
0answers
141 views

Totally real points on curves

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective (geometrically integral) curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g \geq 3$. Suppose that $X(\mathbb{R}) \neq \emptyset$. Does $X$ have a point defined over a ...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

Finite morphisms to projective space

Let $X$ be a projective variety of dimension n. Then there exists a finite surjective morphism $X \to \mathbf P^n$. Let $d$ be the minimal degree of such a finite surjective morphism. Let $d^\prime ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Etale covers of products of curves

Is a finite etale cover of a product of curves again a product of curves? The answer is no in general. Here's one way to construct an example. Take the product $A$ of two elliptic curves and an ...
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Existence of a curve with no points over finite separable field extensions

Does there exist a field $K$, and a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $C$ over $K$ such that, for all finite separable field extensions $L/K$ the curve $C$ has no $L$-rational points? I ...
1
vote
0answers
131 views

What does Hodge theory tell us about simply connected surfaces of general type

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety. We know that $\Omega^1_X$ has a non-zero section if and only if the abelianization of the fundamental group of X is infinite. This follows from Hodge ...
4
votes
0answers
168 views

Do regular noetherian schemes of dimension one only have finitely many etale covers of bounded degree

Let $X$ be a regular noetherian scheme of dimension one. Let $d$ be an integer. Question. Are there only finitely many finite etale morphisms $Y\to X$ of degree $d$? I want to exclude finite etale ...
4
votes
0answers
164 views

Is the moduli space of genus three smooth quartics affine?

Non-hyperelliptic curves of genus three are smooth quartics. Is the moduli space of such curves affine? I think this follows from a more general result on smooth complete intersections, but I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
384 views

If rational points are like entire curves, then what do algebraic points correspond to

I read somewhere that if $X$ is a projective variety of general type over a number field $K$, then rational points are an analogue of entire curves $\mathbf{C}\to X^{an}$ (with $X^{an}$ the ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

On the m-th power of the Hodge bundle and Arakelov's theorem

Let $S$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbf C$ and let $f:X\to S$ be a projective flat morphism with "semi-stable" fibres (i.e., the fibres are reduced and strict normal crossings divisors) and ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Hilbert polynomial of $X\times P^1$

Let $X$ be a canonically polarized smooth projective geometrically connected variety over $k$ with Hilbert polynomial $h$. What is the Hilbert polynomial of $X\times_k \mathbf{P}^1_k$? How does it ...
7
votes
1answer
389 views

For which fields does the isogeny theorem hold

Let $k$ be a field. We say that the isogeny theorem holds over $k$ if, for any abelian variety $A$ over $k$, there are only finitely many $k$-isomorphism classes of abelian varieties $B$ over $k$ ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Does the Hilbert polynomial determine the weight of the Galois representation associated to a variety

Let $X$ be a curve or an abelian variety (over a finite field). Then the Galois representation associated to $X$ via the etale cohomology of $X$ (in degree $1$) is integral of weight $1$ and its ...
1
vote
2answers
366 views

Equation for simple Jacobian of a genus two curve

Let $X$ be a curve of genus two over a field $k$ with a $k$-rational point. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $X$. Can we write down an explicit equation for the abelian surface $J$? I know $X$ can be ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Detecting sections on an arithmetic variety

Let $S$ be Spec $O_K$ with $O_K$ the ring of integers of a number field $K$. Let $X\to S $ be an arithmetic variety, i.e., an integral smooth quasi-projective $S$-scheme with generic fibre $X_\eta$ ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

Are ranks of Jacobians over number fields unbounded?

Fix a number field $K$. Is the rank of $J(K)$ unbounded, where $J$ ranges over the Jacobians of all smooth, projective, geometrically connected curves over $K$? Does there exist an integer $g$ such ...
14
votes
1answer
861 views

Does the moduli space of genus three curves contain a complete genus two curve

Inspired by the question Does the moduli space of smooth curves of genus g contain an elliptic curve and its amazing answers, I ask (pure out of curiosity) whether the moduli space $M_3$ of (smooth ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

Grothendieck's section conjecture and base change: restricting sections

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ of genus at least two. Fix an algebraic closure $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ of $\mathbf{Q}$ and let $G_{\mathbf{Q}}$ be the ...
7
votes
1answer
282 views

Varieties with infinitely many etale covers and rational points

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) variety over a field $k$. Consider the set Et$(X,k)$ of finite etale covers $Y\to X$ over $k$, with $Y$ geometrically connected over $k$. ...
21
votes
1answer
889 views

Do all curves have Néron models

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $K$. Assume that $g\geq 2$. Does there exist a Néron model $\mathcal X$ for $X$ over $O_K$? By a Néron model, I mean ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

Does a curve over a number field have a finite etale cover of given degree

Let $X$ be a (smooth projective geometrically connected) curve over a number field $K$ of genus $g\geq 2$. Let $d\geq 2$ be an integer. Does there exist a curve $Y$ over $K$ with a finite etale ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

What is the reduction of this hyperelliptic curve

Let $K$ be a number field and $E/K$ an elliptic curve with equation $Y^2Z = X^3 +AXZ^2+BZ^3$ in $\mathbf{P}^2_K$, where $A,B\in K$. Let $S$ be non-empty finite set of finite places of $K$ and suppose ...
8
votes
1answer
374 views

what is the maximum number of rational points of a curve of genus 2 over the rationals

Conjecturally, there exists an integer $n$ such that the number of rational points of a genus $2$ curve over $\mathbf{Q}$ is at most $n$. (This follows from the Bombieri-Lang conjecture.) We are ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Is the number of twists of a curve with a section in a given field finite

Let $X$ be a smooth projective geometrically connected curve over a number field $k$ of genus $g\geq 2$. Is the number of twists of $X$ always infinite? (The answer is no, because there aren't any ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

Is the class of $k$-gonal curves dominant

Before I start, let me make a note on terminology. Curves are always smooth projective connected curves over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Let $\mathcal C$ be a class of ...
4
votes
0answers
253 views

On Stickelberger's Theorem over function fields

Here is the setup to Stickelberger's theorem over number fields (following Washington's book Intro. to cyclotomic fields). Let $M/\mathbb{Q}$ be a finite abelian extension with galois group $G$. ...
2
votes
1answer
434 views

Conductor of an elliptic curve

Given any elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ of conductor $N$, by modularity of elliptic curves, there exists a surjective morphism from $X_0(N)$ $\rightarrow$ $E$.There may be several such 'N' and ...
3
votes
1answer
358 views

A question about the Tannakian etale fundamental group of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth connected quasi-projective curve over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $U$ be the pro-unipotent etale fundamental group of $X$ over $\mathbf{Q}_p$. $U^1 = U$ and let $U^n =[U,U^{n-1}]$. Let ...
5
votes
5answers
843 views

The use of embedding a curve into its Jacobian

I'm looking for as many examples/applications as possible of the use of embedding a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $X$ over a number field $k$ with $X(k)\neq \emptyset$ into its ...
11
votes
1answer
502 views

A curve with bad reduction for which the jacobian has good reduction

Let $K$ be a number field. If $X$ is a curve over $K$ with good reduction at a place $v$ of $K$, then the Jacobian of $X$ also has good reduction at $v$. This follows from the functoriality of the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Trace of Frobenius over $F_q$

Let $q_0$ be a prime and $q$ = $q_0^n$. Let $a(F_q/F_{q_0})$ denote any integer which is trace of Frobenius over the field $F_q$ for some elliptic curve which can be defined over $F_{q_0}$. It is ...
4
votes
1answer
503 views

Does the Mordell conjecture imply the Shafarevich conjecture

The base field is a number field. It is known that the Shafarevich conjecture implies the Mordell conjecture (Kodaira-Parshin). Is the converse also true? Note that both conjectures are now ...
3
votes
0answers
232 views

Every curve is a Hurwitz space in infinitely many ways

Diaz, Donagi and Harbater proved that every curve over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ is a Hurwitz space. A Hurwitz space is a connected component of the curve $H_n$. The curve $H_n$ is (the ...
4
votes
1answer
940 views

Bound for the number of rational points on the modular curve

By Mazur's theorems (Reference:- Modular curves and the Eisenstein ideal, 1977), we know that the only rational points of X_0(N) for N any prime > 163 are the two cusps (o) and (oo) (|X_0(N)(Q)| = 2 ...
6
votes
2answers
350 views

Zograf's bound on the index of a modular curve for Shimura curves

I've been reading Voight's paper on Shimura curves and it prompted the following question; see http://www.cems.uvm.edu/~voight/articles/shimura-clay-proceedings-071707.pdf for which notes I'm talking ...
9
votes
0answers
357 views

Is there an algorithm which determines if a curve has good reduction outside a given set of primes

Fix a number field $K/\mathbf{Q}$, a finite set of places $S$ in $K$, an integer $g$ and a curve $X$ over $K$ of genus $g$. Is there an algorithm which tells you if $X$ has good reduction outside ...
1
vote
1answer
239 views

Manin-Drinfeld and constructing a finite morphism with two given ramification points

Fix a smooth projective connected curve $X$ over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$ of genus $g\geq 1$ and distinct points $x,y \in X$ such that $x-y$ has infinite order in the Jacobian. Can we always find a ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

Does each finite morphism of curves have a model whose minimal resolution is semi-stable

Let $\pi:Y\to X$ be a finite morphism of smooth projective geometrically connected curves over a number field $K$. Question. Does there exist a finite field extension $L/K$ and a regular model ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Is there an easier argument to prove that almost all of these curves have no semi-stable reduction

Fix a number field $K$ and a polynomial $F(x)\in K[x]$ of degree at least $4$. For a squarefree integer $d$, define the curve $X_d$ over $K$ by the equation $dy^2 = F(x)$. Note that the curves $X_d$ ...
9
votes
1answer
490 views

Can we always find a curve which doesn't have semi-stable reduction

Let $K$ be a number field and let $g$ be a positive integer. Does there exist a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $X/K$ of genus $g$ such that $X$ does not have semi-stable reduction ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Comparing heights of rational points on curves through covers

Let $a$ be a closed point in $\mathbf{P}^1_{\overline{\mathbf{Q}}}$. Let $Y \cong \mathbf{P}^1_{\overline{\mathbf{Q}}} $ and let $\pi:Y\to \mathbf{P}^1_{\overline{\mathbf{Q}}}$ be a finite morphism ...
13
votes
1answer
508 views

Arithmetic and moduli spaces of higher genus curves

Modular curves (as moduli of elliptic curves with level structure) play a key role in the study of the arithmetic of elliptic curves. The higher genus curves have very different arithmetic, but I ...
10
votes
1answer
545 views

Which curves have stable Faltings height greater or equal to 1

Let $Y$ be a smooth projective connected curve of genus $g>0$ over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$. Let $h_{\textrm{Fal}}(Y)$ be the Faltings height of $Y$. Question 1. Can one classify or describe the ...
10
votes
2answers
869 views

Families of curves for which the Belyi degree can be easily bounded

I know (edit: three) families of smooth projective connected curves over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$ for which the Belyi degree is not hard to bound from above. The modular curves $X(n)$. They are ...
4
votes
0answers
531 views

Soft proof of multiplicity one for character groups of Shimura curves?

Is it not possible to prove mutiplicity one type statements for character groups of quaternionic Shimura curves by simply using Raynaud's description for character groups at primes dividing the ...
6
votes
2answers
754 views

“Bad” reduction of Shimura curves via dual graphs

I have the following naive (and inexpert) question about the reduction of Shimura curves at primes dividing the discriminant of the underlying quaternion algebra. It requires some background to ...
2
votes
4answers
501 views

a question on function fields (extending my previous question)

Consider the extension Q(a,b) of the field of rationals, where a,b are algebraically independent transcendentals. To Q(a,b) adjoin the roots of the polynomials x^5+a^5=1 and y^5+b^5=1. The resulting ...