The tag has no wiki summary.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
93 views

An elliptic curve trivial over any extension unramified outside 7 and infinity?

Is there an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $E(K)$ is trivial for every finite extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ with discriminant a power of $7$ ?
18
votes
1answer
756 views

What were the main ideas and gaps in Miyaoka's attempted proof (1988) of Fermat's Last Theorem?

Out of sheer curiosity I have been reading Stewert and Tall's "Algebraic Number Theory and Fermat's Last Theorem" (2001). As it contains various bits of history, I found out to my own shame that I was ...
7
votes
0answers
157 views

Is the compositum of all quadratic extensions of the rationals an ample field?

Let $K$ be the compositum of all quadratic extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$, that is $$K = \mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d} \ : \ d \in \mathbb{Q}).$$ Is there a (geometrically irreducible) smooth variety ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Isotrivial families with non-zero Kodaira spencer map

Let $S$ be a smooth quasi-projective curve over the complex numbers. Let $P$ be a closed point in $S$. Let $f:\mathcal X \to S$ be a polarized family of smooth projective connected varieties. To this ...
6
votes
1answer
381 views

Pure motives and compatible systems of $\ell$-adic representations

I am trying to understand the statement of the conjectures of Deligne on special values of certain $L$-functions, from his article titled, "Valuers de Fonctions L et periodes d'integrales" which ...
3
votes
4answers
432 views

Integral points on a particular family of curves

This is a follow-up to this question (and comments thereon). Namely, it follows from Felipe Voloch's comment that for any $n>2$ there is a finite set of integral $(x, y),$ such that $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Lifting torsors in characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero

Let $R$ be a local integral domain with residue field $k$ such that $R$ is of characteristic zero and $k$ is of characteristic $p>0$. Let $G$ be a smooth finite type affine group scheme with ...
6
votes
1answer
149 views

Question on paper of Stewart and Top about ranks of elliptic curves over Q(t)

I'm reading "On Ranks of Twists of Elliptic Curves and Power-Free Values of Binary Forms" by Stewart and Top, and struggling to understand the argument on pg 962 which shows that the rank of a ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Sections of proper, flat morphism

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a proper, flat morphism of projective scheme and $Y$ is an irreducible, non-singular surface. Assume further that there exists a Zariski open subset $U$ of $Y$ whose complement is ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

Order of vanishing of an integer polynomial at a point

Let $f(x,y)$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients, and let $\alpha=(\alpha_1,\alpha_2)\in \mathbb{C}^2$ be a complex point. I want to show that $f$ cannot vanish at $\alpha$ to high order unless ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

Is there a difference between the inertia stack and the universal automorphism group

Let $\mathcal M$ be a stack representing some moduli problem. Let $\mathcal X\to \mathcal M$ be the corresponding universal family. What is the difference between the inertia stack $I\to \mathcal M$ ...
5
votes
1answer
244 views

Algebraic spaces which are automatically schemes

Let $S$ be a scheme, and let $f:X\to S$ be a morphism of algebraic spaces. If $f$ is smooth proper curve of genus at least two, then $X$ is a scheme. (Here I mean that $f$ is a smooth proper morphism ...
8
votes
0answers
131 views

Distribution of Mordell–Weil ranks of higher genus curves

By "nice curve", I mean a smooth, projective, geometrically integral curve over $\newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}\newcommand{\Jac}{\operatorname{Jac}}\Q$ with at least one $\Q$-rational point. The ...
7
votes
0answers
168 views

Almost rational point

Let $X$ be a variety over a number field $K$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. Is there a notion of a point $p \in X(\overline{K})$ to be "almost rational" in the following sense?: $p$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Classification of compact Shimura curves

Is there a classification that determines all isomorphism classes of compact Shimura curves at least Shimura curves in $A_g$? I did not find this in the literature and appreciate any helpful ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

On functors which are generically representable

Let $F$ be a set-valued (contravariant) functor on the category of schemes. Let $F_{\mathbb Q}$ be the associated functor on the category of schemes over $\mathbb Q$. Suppose that $F_{\mathbb Q}$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Lifting points of étale group scheme

Consider the following setting: let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a Noetherian complete discrete valuation ring (with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$) and let $K$ be its field of fractions. Now take $L$ be the ...
13
votes
2answers
369 views

Elliptic curves and supercuspidal representations of conductor $p^2$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime of additive reduction for $E$. Let $f$ be the newform associated to $E$, and let $\pi$ be the irreducible admissible ...
11
votes
0answers
579 views

Meaningful review of Moriwaki's “Arakelov Geometry”

I have been asked to write a mathscinet review for Atsushi Moriwaki's Arakelov Geometry book: http://www.ams.org/bookstore-getitem/item=mmono-244 I could do the review the standard way in a day or ...
1
vote
2answers
190 views

Examples of quotients by infinitesimal group schemes

I'm looking for examples of explicit actions of the infinitesimal group schemes $\alpha_{p^n}$ on schemes (maybe as simple as the affine plane) in characteristic $p$ or mixed characteristic, and their ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Condition for a finite group scheme to be étale [closed]

My question comes from the reading of Tate's paper $p$-divisible groups. In the last few pages there is an argument which gives as trivial the following fact. If we take a $p$-divisible group over a ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Average height of rational points on a curve

I am seeking a formalism to define the average height of the rational points on a curve. This is straightforward if the number of points is finite, but (to me) not straightforward when the rational ...
13
votes
1answer
531 views

What are the strongest conjectured uniform versions of Serre's Open Image Theorem?

This question concerns the uniform conjectured effective versions and generalizations of these two results of Serre on $\ell$-adic Galois representations $\rho_{E,\ell}$ associated to a non-CM ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Base change of regular schemes [closed]

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with fraction field $K$, $X$ be a regular scheme flat over $R$. Let $L$ be a finite field extension of $K$ and $Q$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $L$. Denote by $Y:=X ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

'Stalk' of vanishing cycles at $k$-point

I have a simple question on notation. Let $S$ be a Henselian trait with closed point $s$ (with finite residue field $k$) and generic point $\eta$. Let $X/S$ be a variety. Then, we have the functor ...
5
votes
0answers
126 views

Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and ...
7
votes
2answers
540 views

Understanding Faltings's Theorem

I am soon to become a graduate student and so I started a personal project; I want to understand Faltings's proof of the Mordell conjecture. I want to get into arithmetic geometry (since I always ...
7
votes
3answers
299 views

Deciding a quadratic diophantine equation

Given $a,b\in\Bbb Q_+$, is there an easy way to decide if $$S_{a,b}=\{(x,y)\in\Bbb Z^2:ax^2 + by^2=1\}=\emptyset?$$ I am more interested in seeing if there is a quick way to test for case when ...
0
votes
0answers
108 views

Extension of a complete discrete valuation ring

My question came when I was reading the famous Tate's paper on $p$-divisible groups. At the beginning of chapter $(2.4)$ he cites this fact as obvious. If you take a complete discrete valuation ring ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Subgroups of $Sp_{2g}$ giving rise to Shimura data

Consider the Shimura datum $(GSp_{2g},\mathcal{H}_g)$. Let $G$ be a reductive $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroup of $Sp_{2g}$. I want to know under what condition there exists a point $x\in\mathcal{H}_g$ such that ...
4
votes
0answers
139 views

Equivalence of various definitions of arithmetic Chow groups

If I understand correctly, $n$-th arithmetic Chow group of arithmetic variety $X$ is defined as a quotient of the group of pairs of the form $(\sum\limits_in_iZ_i, g)$ where $Z := \sum\limits_in_iZ_i$ ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Rationality of intersection of algebraic groups

Suppose that $G$ (defined over $\mathbb{Q}$) and $H$ (defined over $\mathbb{R}$) are two algebraic subgroups of a larger algebraic group defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Assume that $G(\mathbb{R})$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Dieudonné modules -reference request

I need a reference to start learning about Dieudonn\'e modules, and their application to the arithmetic of abelian varieities. I know that this is a copy of Reference for Dieudonné modules, ...
5
votes
1answer
237 views

Representability of morphism of stacks

A morphism of Artin stacks $f:X\to Y$ over $\mathbb Q$ is representable by algebraic spaces if and only if its geometric fibres are algebraic spaces. I would like to know if one can use this to prove ...
5
votes
0answers
119 views

Non-embeddable varieties

Suppose that $k$ is a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$, $\mathcal{V}$ is a complete discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ and quotient field $K$, of characteristic $0$. Then when ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

Abelian varieties with good reduction everywhere over function fields

There is a famous theorem due to J.-M. Fontaine, Il n'y a pas de variété abélienne sur Z (and independently by V.A. Abrashkin) that there are no abelian varieties over Z. I was wondering whether ...
2
votes
0answers
180 views

Bruhat Tits buiding to visualize closed points of affine flag varieties?

In his survey "affine springer fibers and affine Deligne-Lusztig varieties", Goertz gives us a tutorial session on how to use Bruhat Tits buildings to visualize subsets of affine Grassmannians or of ...
5
votes
2answers
355 views

Obstruction and rational points on curves

Is etale-Brauer the only obstruction to the existence of rational points on projective plane curves over number fields?
6
votes
2answers
417 views

How to compute class number of a torus

Let $T$ be an algebraic torus over a number field $K$. Following notations in Ono's The Arithmetic of Tori, ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Local duality for abelian varieties

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a p-adic field $K$. Let $I$ be the inertia group of $K$. There is a Yoneda pairing $$H^n(\hat{\mathbb{Z}},A^I) \times Ext^{2-n}_{\hat{\mathbb{Z}}}(A^I,\mathbb{Z}) ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

integral basis for the Lie algebra of the Neron model of an abelian variety

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a number field $K$. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the Neron model of $A$ over $O_K$. Let $\Omega_{\mathcal{A}/O_K}$ be the sheaf of invariant differential forms on ...
18
votes
3answers
559 views

Variety acquiring rational point over any quadratic extension

Does there exist a variety $X$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or a number field) such that it has no rational points over $\mathbb{Q}$ but acquires points over any quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$? If ...
2
votes
0answers
254 views

When an elliptic curve is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$?

I want to know when an elliptic curve $E \rightarrow S$ is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$. When $S$ is an analytic space, there is an exact sequence $$0 \rightarrow R^1 \mathbb{Z}^{\vee} \rightarrow ...
11
votes
0answers
350 views

Can an abelian variety/Q have no non-trivial points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial? This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

Is Scholl construction of modular motives related to Deligne's construction of $\ell$-adic representations?

first of all, I need to declare my extreme ignorance on the topic of modular forms, so , please, does not assume that I know Deligne's construction in details. In ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Some clarifications regarding Deligne's paper on $\ell$-adic representations arising from modular forms

I've posted this question few days ago on math.stackexchange because it seems quite superficial. However, since I've got no responses at all, I'm posting it here. If the question is not suitable, ...
14
votes
0answers
272 views

Is the absolute Galois group of the rationals Hopfian?

Is every continuous epimorphism from the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself injective?
43
votes
0answers
3k views

What is an étale theta function?

Let me start out by urging you to take seriously that whatever I write about the papers surrounding IUTT really are questions. If you would like to use it as a guide to the mathematics in any way, ...
9
votes
0answers
380 views

Paths in $\mathrm{Spec} \, \mathbb{Z}$ and Kim's proof of Siegel's theorem for $\mathbb{P}^1 \setminus \{0,1,\infty\}$

This is motivated by a basic number theory question I asked the previous day: Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$? I noted there that the answer to the ...
107
votes
1answer
7k views

What is a Frobenioid?

Since there will be a long digression in a moment, let me start by reassuring you that my intention really is to ask the question in the title. Recently, there has been a flurry of new discussion ...