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### Isotrivial families with non-zero Kodaira spencer map

Let $S$ be a smooth quasi-projective curve over the complex numbers. Let $P$ be a closed point in $S$. Let $f:\mathcal X \to S$ be a polarized family of smooth projective connected varieties. To this ...

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**1**answer

377 views

### Pure motives and compatible systems of $\ell$-adic representations

I am trying to understand the statement of the conjectures of Deligne on special values of certain $L$-functions, from his article titled, "Valuers de Fonctions L et periodes d'integrales" which ...

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**4**answers

376 views

### Integral points on a particular family of curves

This is a follow-up to this question (and comments thereon). Namely, it follows from Felipe Voloch's comment that for any $n>2$ there is a finite set of integral $(x, y),$ such that
$$
...

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votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Lifting torsors in characteristic $p$ to characteristic zero

Let $R$ be a local integral domain with residue field $k$ such that $R$ is of characteristic zero and $k$ is of characteristic $p>0$. Let $G$ be a smooth finite type affine group scheme with ...

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votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Question on paper of Stewart and Top about ranks of elliptic curves over Q(t)

I'm reading "On Ranks of Twists of Elliptic Curves and Power-Free Values of Binary Forms" by Stewart and Top, and struggling to understand the argument on pg 962 which shows that the rank of a ...

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votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Sections of proper, flat morphism

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a proper, flat morphism of projective scheme and $Y$ is an irreducible, non-singular surface. Assume further that there exists a Zariski open subset $U$ of $Y$ whose complement is ...

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votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Order of vanishing of an integer polynomial at a point

Let $f(x,y)$ be a polynomial with integer coefficients, and let $\alpha=(\alpha_1,\alpha_2)\in \mathbb{C}^2$ be a complex point. I want to show that $f$ cannot vanish at $\alpha$ to high order unless ...

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**0**answers

104 views

### Is there a difference between the inertia stack and the universal automorphism group

Let $\mathcal M$ be a stack representing some moduli problem. Let $\mathcal X\to \mathcal M$ be the corresponding universal family.
What is the difference between the inertia stack $I\to \mathcal M$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Algebraic spaces which are automatically schemes

Let $S$ be a scheme, and let $f:X\to S$ be a morphism of algebraic spaces.
If $f$ is smooth proper curve of genus at least two, then $X$ is a scheme. (Here I mean that $f$ is a smooth proper morphism ...

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**0**answers

131 views

### Distribution of Mordell–Weil ranks of higher genus curves

By "nice curve", I mean a smooth, projective, geometrically integral curve over $\newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}\newcommand{\Jac}{\operatorname{Jac}}\Q$ with at least one $\Q$-rational point. The ...

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168 views

### Almost rational point

Let $X$ be a variety over a number field $K$. Let $S$ be a finite set of places of $K$. Is there a notion of a point $p \in X(\overline{K})$ to be "almost rational" in the following sense?:
$p$ and ...

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vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Classification of compact Shimura curves

Is there a classification that determines all isomorphism classes of compact Shimura curves at least Shimura curves in $A_g$? I did not find this in the literature and appreciate any helpful ...

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vote

**1**answer

145 views

### On functors which are generically representable

Let $F$ be a set-valued (contravariant) functor on the category of schemes. Let $F_{\mathbb Q}$ be the associated functor on the category of schemes over $\mathbb Q$.
Suppose that $F_{\mathbb Q}$ is ...

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**0**answers

72 views

### Lifting points of étale group scheme

Consider the following setting: let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a Noetherian complete discrete valuation ring (with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$) and let $K$ be its field of fractions. Now take $L$ be the ...

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**2**answers

369 views

### Elliptic curves and supercuspidal representations of conductor $p^2$

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbf{Q}$. Let $p \geq 5$ be a prime of additive reduction for $E$.
Let $f$ be the newform associated to $E$, and let $\pi$ be the irreducible admissible ...

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**0**answers

579 views

### Meaningful review of Moriwaki's “Arakelov Geometry”

I have been asked to write a mathscinet review for Atsushi Moriwaki's Arakelov Geometry
book:
http://www.ams.org/bookstore-getitem/item=mmono-244
I could do the review the standard way in a day or ...

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vote

**2**answers

188 views

### Examples of quotients by infinitesimal group schemes

I'm looking for examples of explicit actions of the infinitesimal group schemes $\alpha_{p^n}$ on schemes (maybe as simple as the affine plane) in characteristic $p$ or mixed characteristic, and their ...

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**0**answers

82 views

### Condition for a finite group scheme to be étale [closed]

My question comes from the reading of Tate's paper $p$-divisible groups. In the last few pages there is an argument which gives as trivial the following fact. If we take a $p$-divisible group over a ...

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votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Average height of rational points on a curve

I am seeking a formalism to define the average height of
the rational points on a curve. This is straightforward
if the number of points is finite, but (to me) not straightforward
when the rational ...

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votes

**1**answer

530 views

### What are the strongest conjectured uniform versions of Serre's Open Image Theorem?

This question concerns the uniform conjectured effective versions and generalizations of these two results of Serre on $\ell$-adic Galois representations $\rho_{E,\ell}$ associated to a non-CM ...

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**1**answer

117 views

### Base change of regular schemes [closed]

Let $R$ be a complete DVR with fraction field $K$, $X$ be a regular scheme flat over $R$. Let $L$ be a finite field extension of $K$ and $Q$ be the integral closure of $R$ in $L$. Denote by $Y:=X ...

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votes

**1**answer

199 views

### 'Stalk' of vanishing cycles at $k$-point

I have a simple question on notation.
Let $S$ be a Henselian trait with closed point $s$ (with finite residue field $k$) and generic point $\eta$. Let $X/S$ be a variety. Then, we have the functor
...

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126 views

### Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and ...

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**2**answers

537 views

### Understanding Faltings's Theorem

I am soon to become a graduate student and so I started a personal project; I want to understand Faltings's proof of the Mordell conjecture.
I want to get into arithmetic geometry (since I always ...

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votes

**3**answers

299 views

### Deciding a quadratic diophantine equation

Given $a,b\in\Bbb Q_+$, is there an easy way to decide if $$S_{a,b}=\{(x,y)\in\Bbb Z^2:ax^2 + by^2=1\}=\emptyset?$$
I am more interested in seeing if there is a quick way to test for case when ...

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**0**answers

108 views

### Extension of a complete discrete valuation ring

My question came when I was reading the famous Tate's paper on $p$-divisible groups. At the beginning of chapter $(2.4)$ he cites this fact as obvious. If you take a complete discrete valuation ring ...

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votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Subgroups of $Sp_{2g}$ giving rise to Shimura data

Consider the Shimura datum $(GSp_{2g},\mathcal{H}_g)$. Let $G$ be a reductive $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroup of $Sp_{2g}$. I want to know under what condition there exists a point $x\in\mathcal{H}_g$ such that ...

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139 views

### Equivalence of various definitions of arithmetic Chow groups

If I understand correctly, $n$-th arithmetic Chow group of arithmetic variety $X$ is defined as a quotient of the group of pairs of the form $(\sum\limits_in_iZ_i, g)$ where $Z := \sum\limits_in_iZ_i$ ...

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78 views

### Rationality of intersection of algebraic groups

Suppose that $G$ (defined over $\mathbb{Q}$) and $H$ (defined over $\mathbb{R}$) are two algebraic subgroups of a larger algebraic group defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. Assume that $G(\mathbb{R})$ and ...

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vote

**1**answer

150 views

### Dieudonné modules -reference request

I need a reference to start learning about Dieudonn\'e modules, and their application to the arithmetic of abelian varieities. I know that this is a copy of Reference for Dieudonné modules, ...

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votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Representability of morphism of stacks

A morphism of Artin stacks $f:X\to Y$ over $\mathbb Q$ is representable by algebraic spaces if and only if its geometric fibres are algebraic spaces. I would like to know if one can use this to prove ...

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119 views

### Non-embeddable varieties

Suppose that $k$ is a perfect field of characteristic $p>0$, $\mathcal{V}$ is a complete discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ and quotient field $K$, of characteristic $0$.
Then when ...

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**1**answer

194 views

### Abelian varieties with good reduction everywhere over function fields

There is a famous theorem due to J.-M. Fontaine,
Il n'y a pas de variété abélienne sur Z
(and independently by V.A. Abrashkin) that there are no abelian varieties over Z. I was wondering whether ...

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**0**answers

179 views

### Bruhat Tits buiding to visualize closed points of affine flag varieties?

In his survey "affine springer fibers and affine Deligne-Lusztig varieties", Goertz gives us a tutorial session on how to use Bruhat Tits buildings to visualize subsets of affine Grassmannians or of ...

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votes

**2**answers

352 views

### Obstruction and rational points on curves

Is etale-Brauer the only obstruction to the existence of rational points on projective plane curves over number fields?

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417 views

### How to compute class number of a torus

Let $T$ be an algebraic torus over a number field $K$.
Following notations in Ono's The Arithmetic of Tori,
...

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**0**answers

71 views

### Local duality for abelian varieties

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a p-adic field $K$. Let $I$ be the inertia group of $K$. There is a Yoneda pairing $$H^n(\hat{\mathbb{Z}},A^I) \times Ext^{2-n}_{\hat{\mathbb{Z}}}(A^I,\mathbb{Z}) ...

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**1**answer

145 views

### integral basis for the Lie algebra of the Neron model of an abelian variety

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a number field $K$. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the Neron model of $A$ over $O_K$. Let $\Omega_{\mathcal{A}/O_K}$ be the sheaf of invariant differential forms on ...

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votes

**3**answers

556 views

### Variety acquiring rational point over any quadratic extension

Does there exist a variety $X$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ (or a number field) such that it has no rational points over $\mathbb{Q}$ but acquires points over any quadratic extension $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{d})$?
If ...

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votes

**0**answers

254 views

### When an elliptic curve is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$?

I want to know when an elliptic curve $E \rightarrow S$ is a quotient of $\mathbb{G}_a$.
When $S$ is an analytic space, there is an exact sequence $$0 \rightarrow R^1 \mathbb{Z}^{\vee} \rightarrow ...

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**0**answers

342 views

### Can an abelian variety/Q have no non-trivial points over Q_sol?

Let $A/\mathbb{Q}$ be an abelian variety. Must there be a finite solvable
extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$ such that $A(K)$ is nontrivial?
This follows from the conjecture that the maximal ...

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votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Is Scholl construction of modular motives related to Deligne's construction of $\ell$-adic representations?

first of all, I need to declare my extreme ignorance on the topic of modular forms, so , please, does not assume that I know Deligne's construction in details.
In ...

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**1**answer

180 views

### Some clarifications regarding Deligne's paper on $\ell$-adic representations arising from modular forms

I've posted this question few days ago on math.stackexchange because it seems quite superficial. However, since I've got no responses at all, I'm posting it here. If the question is not suitable, ...

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**0**answers

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### Is the absolute Galois group of the rationals Hopfian?

Is every continuous epimorphism from the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself injective?

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### What is an étale theta function?

Let me start out by urging you to take seriously that whatever I write about the papers surrounding IUTT really are questions. If you would like to use it as a guide to the mathematics in any way, ...

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### Paths in $\mathrm{Spec} \, \mathbb{Z}$ and Kim's proof of Siegel's theorem for $\mathbb{P}^1 \setminus \{0,1,\infty\}$

This is motivated by a basic number theory question I asked the previous day:
Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$? I noted there that the answer to the ...

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votes

**1**answer

7k views

### What is a Frobenioid?

Since there will be a long digression in a moment, let me start by reassuring you that my intention really is to ask the question in the title.
Recently, there has been a flurry of new discussion ...

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**2**answers

289 views

### cohomological obstructions and rational points

Let $X$ a (nice) scheme over $\mathbb{Q}$. Are there cohomolgical obstructions answering the following questions:
1) is $X(\mathbb{Q})$ an empty set ?
2) is $X(\mathbb{Q})$ a finite (non empty) set ...

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**1**answer

202 views

### When does a hyperelliptic Riemann surface admit a map of degree 3

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g>1$.
For which $g$ does $X$ admit a map $X\to \mathbb P^1$ of degree $3$?
I think a genus two curve $X$ admits a map of degree $3$.
Proof: Pick $P$ ...

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**2**answers

316 views

### References for general Hasse-Weil zeta function

Most research on the Hasse-Weil zeta function focuses on some particular type of algebraic variety, and general surveys usually deal mostly with the better understood elliptic curve case.
I am ...