Diophantine equations, elliptic curves, Mordell conjecture, Arakelov theory, Iwasawa theory, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Regular minimal model of $X_0(p^2)$

Consider the compactified modular curve $X_0(p^2)$ and the corresponding algebraic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. My questions are the following:
Where do the cusps of $X_0(p^2)_{\mathbb{Q}}$ live? That ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Elements of arbitrary large order in the first Galois cohomology of an elliptic curve

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $k=\mathbb{Q}$. Consider $H^1(k,E)$.
In this answer Daniel Loughran writes: "I'm pretty sure that this cohomology group has elements of arbitrarily large order". I ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Algebraic points of uniformly bounded degree on an algebraic variety

Let $k$ be a perfect field, and let $\bar k$ be a fixed algebraic closure of $k$.
Let $\overline{X}$ be a nonempty smooth algebraic variety over $\bar k$.
Does there exist a natural number ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Archimedean fibers “intersecting” curves on arithmetic surfaces

Let's fix a number field $K$ with its ring of integers $O_K$. Moreover consider an arithmetic surface $f:S\to \text{Spec } O_K$. For every archimedean place $\sigma$ in $K$, $K_\sigma$ is the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

696 views

### Is it worth the efforts to read books/papers written in Weil's algebraic geometry language

There is much important work written in Weil's language of algebraic geometry rather than schemes (besides Weil himself, I can think of Shimura, Neron immediately).
My question is: is it worth the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Average size of $p$-part of the Tate-Shafarevich group for elliptic curves

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$. For a given prime $p$, the $p$-Selmer group $\operatorname{Sel}_p(E)$ of $E$ and the $p$-part of the Tate-Shafarevich $Ш_E[p]$ group ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Fastest algorithm to compute isogeny

Let $E/GF(p)$ and $E'/GF(p')$ are two isogenous elliptic curves($\#E=\#E'$). We know that there exist the map
$$\psi : E \to E'$$
Suppose that we haven't any information about degree of $\psi$.
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Morphisms for good reduction are maps respecting filtration

Please see edits below!
So, let $A,A'/K$ be abelian varieties where $K$ is a $p$-adic local field with residue field $k$. Suppose further that they have good reduction with models ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Split multiplicative galois representation and specialization

My questions stems from my attempt to understand the paper of Greenberg and Stevens about the Mazur-tate-Teitelbaum conjecture (you can find the paper here). To understand this question you probably ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### A Hartogs-type criterion for flatness

Let $U$ be a smooth affine connected variety over $\mathbb C$ and let $V\subset U$ be an open whose complement is of codimension at least two.
Now, let $Y$ be a smooth quasi-affine connected variety ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Equations for Elliptic Curves

An elliptic curve $C$ over a field $k$ is a smooth, genus 1 curve defined over $k$ with an associated $k$-rational point. If char$(k) \ne 2$, we can show that $C$ has a model of the form $y^2 = f(x)$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### How to Taylor series expand at the prime at infinity

Given a rational number, one can find a Taylor series expansion with respect to any $p$-adic valuation, as covered in Gouvea's introductory text on $p$-adic numbers. My question is how does one do ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Congruence Primes and Modular Degrees

Let $\mathcal{S}=S_2(\Gamma_0(N) \cap \mathbf{Z} [[ q ]]$ be the set of cusp forms of weight $2$ on $\Gamma_0(N)$ with integral coefficients.
Let $f \in \mathcal{S}$ be a normalized newform, so it ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Reference request: "effective'' semistable reduction

I am looking for the origin of the following idea: suppose $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime integers $\geq 3$. Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over a number field $K$. Let $L/K$ be a finite extension ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### Intersection of modular polynomial roots

Let $l,l'$ and $p$ be three distinct prime numbers and $\Phi_k(X,Y)$ is $k$-th modular polynomial defined over $GF(p)$. Suppose that we know $\Phi_l(X,j)$ and $\Phi_{l'}(X,j)$ have two roots. Is this ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### How much do I need to learn algebraic geometry to understand arithmetics over number fields

I am at the stage of learning. Mostly, I am attracted by algebraic number theory. Roughly speaking, I am interested in the rational points of algebraic varieties. I am little bit afraid to start to ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### Is the Dieudonne module actually a cohomology group?

One often times thinks of the Dieudonne module $M(X)$ of a $p$-divisible group (say over $k$, a perfect characteristic $p$ field) as being some sort of cohomology theory
$$M:\left\{p\text{- divisible ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### Weil restriction of fiber products

Let $X,Y,Z$ be smooth geometrically integral proper varieties over a field $K$ where $K/k$ is a finite extension of a number field $k$. Let $R|_{K/k}$ denote the Weil restriction. Suppose we have ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Is torsion submodule of a $p$-adically complete and separated $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$-module closed?

I was asking to myself the following question. Consider a $p$-adically complete and separated topological algebra $R$ over $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$. As $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$ is a domain, we know that the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Smoothness of the “Archimedean special fiber” in Arakelov geometry

If $X$ is a scheme over, let's say, $\mathbb{Z}_p$, one can consider its special fiber obtained by reduction modulo $p$ ans it certainly makes sense to ask if this special fiber is smooth or not.
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Tube of a mod p point on a smooth Z_(p)-scheme

Let $R$ be a smooth, integral, finite-type $\mathbb{Z}_{(p)}$-algebra of relative dimension $n$ and $\overline{f} \colon R \to \mathbb{F}_p$. Then Hensel's lemma tells us that this lifts to a map $R ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### the least point on a variety over a finite field

Let $p$ be a large prime parameter and $V\subseteq \mathbb{P}^n_{\mathbb{F}_p}$ a variety defined over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ with bounded degree and dimension (w.r.t. $p$). Assume that $V$ ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Examples of étale covers of arithmetic surfaces

Define an arithmetic scheme $X$ to be a separated, integral scheme, flat and finite type over $\mathbb{Z}$. I am interested in obtaining examples of finite étale covers of arithmetic schemes. I am ...

**28**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Have there been any updates on Mochizuki's proposed proof of the abc conjecture?

In April 2012, a proof of the abc conjecture was proposed by Shinichi Mochizuki. However, the proof was based on a "Inter-universal Teichmüller theory" which Mochizuki himself pioneered. It was known ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

284 views

### Vanishing of rigid cohomology for affine varieties

Let $k$ be a perfect field of positive characteristic and denote by $K$ the field of fractions of the ring of Witt vectors over $k$.
Question: If $X$ is an affine variety over $k$, do the rigid ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### If $G$ is absolutely simple simply connected, why is G(F_v) quasisimple for almost every valuation v?

Let $G$ be an absolutely simple simply connected and connected algebraic group defined over a global field $k$ with ring of integers $\mathcal{O}$. Fix an embedding of $G$ into $GL_n$. Given $v$ a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### A definition of arithmetic divisor with conic singularities?

I have a question related to the preprint "Heights and metrics with logarithmic singularities" by G. Freixas i Montplet.
Let $X$ be an arithmetic variety with arithmetic divisor $D$ how can we ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

444 views

### Calabi-Yau theorem on Arithmetic Variety

Let $\mathcal X\to Spec(\mathcal O_K)=C$ be an arithmetric projective variety over $C$ , where $\mathcal O_K$, ring of number filed $K$. Let $\omega$ be a Kaehler current of $\mathcal X(\mathbb C)$. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### splitting property of etale covering

Theorem (Global Splitting): Let $X$ be an integral separated normal scheme flat and of finite type over $\mathbb Z$. Let $\phi: Y\rightarrow X$ be a connected etale covering which splits completely ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Computing intersection number of two arithmetic line bundles

I have some questions in Arithmetic Arakelov geometry
Let $\mathcal X\to Spec(\mathcal O_K)=C$ be an arithmetric projective variety over $C$ , where $\mathcal O_K$, ring of number filed $K$ and ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

545 views

### Is hyperelliptic cryptography “practical”?

Previosly my impression on this subject was that hyperelliptic cryptography systems (as well as other possible cryptosystems based on abelian varieties of dimension $>1$) have no advantages over ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Does the Tate pairing agree with the Brauer-Manin pairing

Let $X$ be a proper, smooth, geometrically integral variety over a field $k$. Let $A$ be (the identity component of) its Picard variety and let $B$ be (the identity component) of its Albanese variety. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

201 views

### Finding cyclic subgroups of points on elliptic curves for isogeny based cryptography

Isogeny based cryptography is one of the newest post-quantum cryptography. Hardness of this system is based on finding isogeny between two elliptic curves. Also this is a theorem:
Elliptic curves ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

310 views

### Lifting the Hasse invariant mod $2$

Katz defines in Section 2.0 $p$-adic properties of modular schemes and modular forms the Hasse invariant as a mod $p$ modular form $A$ of weight $p-1$. In other words, it is a section of ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Finiteness of torsion in $\mathcal{K}_2$-cohomology

Let $F$ be a number field, $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $F$ and $\mathfrak{C}$ be a proper regular model. I am interested in $\mathcal{K}_2$-cohomology, i.e., Zariski cohomology of the sheaf ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

213 views

### Solving Non-Linear Equations over a Finite Field of a Large Prime Order

I want to know is there is an efficient way to figure out whether or not a ( underdetermined) system of non-linear equations have a solution over a finite field of large prime order. The equations ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

710 views

### What is the first cohomology $H_{fppf}^{1}(X, \alpha_{p})$?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g>1$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Let $\alpha_{p}$ be the group scheme of the kernel of $F: \mathbb{G}_{a} ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

372 views

### Rational points on towers of curves

Let $\ldots \to X_n \to X_{n-1} \to \ldots \to X_0$ be etale maps between smooth projective curves of genera $g(X_n)>1$, all defined over a fixed number field $K$. By Faltings' Theorem, we know ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Exceptional specializations of Galois groups in the Hilbert Irreducibility Theorem

Suppose $f(x,t)\in\mathbb{Q}(t)[x]$ is an irreducible polynomial with Galois group G. For any rational number $a$ we may consider the polynomial $f(x,a)\in\mathbb Q[x]$ and its corresponding Galois ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

423 views

### Galois representations for the curve $y^{2} = x^{3} - x$

Let $E / \mathbb{Q}$ be the elliptic curve given by $y^{2} = x^{3} - x$. I would like to know explicitly what the field of all $2$-power torsion looks like, as well as the image in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Ranks of elliptic curves over Q(t)

I have an elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}(t)$, and I want to compute its rank. Does knowing the rank over $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$ for some prime of good reduction give a bound on the rank over ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

715 views

### Rational points on the “quintic circle” $x^5 + y^5 = 7$

I suspect that the curve $x^5 + y^5=7$ has no $\mathbb Q$ points, and a brief computer search verifies this hypothesis for denominators up to $10^4$. What techniques can be used to show that there are ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

570 views

### BSD and congruent numbers

Let $n$ be a positive integer, and let $E_n$ denote the elliptic curve $y^2=x^3-n^2x$. By work of Tunnell, it's known that if $E_n$ satisfies the BSD conjecture, then there is an algorithm to decide ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Checking whether two rational points of infinite order are generating the torsion free part of an elliptic curve

Let an elliptic curve be given.
As the title says I want to know if we can show that two independent points $P$ and $Q$ are generators of the torsion free part of $E$.
For instance let ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Examples of perfect pseudo algebraically closed fields in positive characteristic

Is there any known example of a perfect pseudo algebraically closed field of positive characteristic containing $\overline{\mathbb{F}_p}$ but is not algebraically closed?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### curve over higher dimensional basis with 0-dimensional locus of bad reduction

Is there an example of a flat proper relative curve $X/S$ with geometrically connected fibres and with $\mathrm{dim} S > 1$ and $S$ regular and connected with $0$-dimensional locus of bad reduction ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

526 views

### Arithmetical results to help study arithmetic geometry?

I'm very keen to deepen my understanding of arithmetic and diophantine problems. In the past I studied some algebraic, analytic and sieve based number theory. Recently I've been reading Weil - Basic ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Shortest paths stepping on rational points of height $h$

Q. Do shortest paths walking between rational points of height $h$
ever properly cross themselves?
Explaining this question takes a bit of definitional exposition.
First, I copy definitions ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Integral points on elliptic curves of the form $y^2=x^3+px$

As the title says. Can we determine all the integral points on elliptic curves of the form
$$y^2=x^3+px$$
for a prime $p$? If yes, can someone explain me how? A good reference would also be ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Compact hyperbolic 3-manifolds with prescribed quaternion algebra, quaternion parameters as ramification condition

What is an interesting class of examples of hyperbolic 3-manifolds,
each of which satisfies the following conditions?
1. It is compact
2. Its trace field contains a unique imaginary quadratic ...