The arithmetic-functions tag has no wiki summary.

**0**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### sum over primes involving divisor function (variation of the Titchmarsh divisor problem)

This question was also asked on MSE.
Does there exist an asymptotic estimate for the following sum over primes
$$
\sum_{p\leq x} \frac{\tau(p-1)}{p}\;,
$$
where $\tau(n)=\sum_{d|n}1$ is the divisor ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

33 views

### All all hypo-multiplicative functions linear combinations of quasi-multiplicative functions?

A function is called quasi-multiplicative by many authors if $f(m)f(n)=f(1)f(mn)$, a slight generalization of multiplicativity. (Basically a multiplicative function times a constant is a ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### Simple equation to distribute points in a game [closed]

I need to create a equation to distribute points for users in following game:
There are x users that play a game.
If only one of them hit he gets max points.
If all of them hit each gets min points.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### A closed formula for this arithmetic function

The following function comes up in my research as part of a sufficient condition for capability of $p$-group of class two and prime exponent. Given a nonnegative integer $m$, express $m$ as a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### $n\varphi(n)\equiv 2\pmod{\sigma(n)}$ as a primality test

It is known from Subbarao, "On two congruences for primality" that $n>22$ is a prime iff $$n\sigma(n)\equiv 2\pmod{\varphi(n)},$$ where $\varphi(n)$ is Euler's function and $\sigma(n)$ is sum of ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Are all known $k$-multiperfect numbers (for $k > 2$) not squarefree?

I asked the following question in MSE four ($4$) days ago, but so far nobody has posted an answer.
The gist of the question is as follows:
Are all known $k$-multiperfect numbers (for $k > ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

168 views

### What proportion of the positive integers satisfy $I(n^2) < (1 + \frac{1}{n})I(n)$, where $I(x)$ is the abundancy index of $x$?

Let $\sigma(x)$ denote the classical sum-of-divisors function, and let
$$I(x) = \frac{\sigma(x)}{x}$$
be the abundancy index of the positive integer $x$.
My question is this: What proportion of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Menonâ€™s identity

I also put this question in stackexchange, but remained unanswered. http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/506996/menons-identity
Let $G$ be a group of order $n$. Consider an action of $U_n$, the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### What proportion of the positive integers satisfy $I(n) < \frac{2n}{n + 1} \leq I(n^2) < 2$?

Let
$$I(x) = \frac{\sigma(x)}{x}$$
be the abundancy index of the positive integer $x$. Note that $\sigma(x)$ is the classical sum-of-divisors function. For example,
$$\sigma(12) = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Maximal order of Hooley's Delta function?

There is a large literature on Hooley's
$$
\Delta(n)=\max_u\sum_{d|n,\ e^u\le d< e^{u+1}}1
$$
giving its normal and average order. What is known of its maximal order?
Clearly $\Delta(n)\le d(n)$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

547 views

### A formula combining Euler $\phi$ and $\gcd$

Let us fix a natural number $N>1$ and $a_1, \ldots, a_n$ natural numbers satisfying $0 \leq a_i < N$, with the property that $1+ \sum a_i$ is divisible by $N$. Let $\phi$ be the Euler totient ...

**1**

vote

**5**answers

1k views

### The Inverse of the Euler Totient Function

How can we calculate the cardinality of the inverse of Totient function of any positive integer n ?
I tried going through this paper, but I couldn't understand the procedure.
Thanks

**7**

votes

**3**answers

527 views

### The digit sum: $s(na)=s(nb)$

Not that I was serious about the following question, but I think it is a must-to-ask as a follow-up to this MO post.
For integer $n\ge0$, let $s(n)$ denote the sum of the digits in the decimal ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

958 views

### Sum of $\sum_{k=1}^nd(k^2)$

There is a literature dealing with
$$
\sum_{k\le x}d(f(k))
$$
where $f$ is an irreducible polynomial and $d(n)$ is the number of divisors of $n$. Erdos 1952 shows that the sum $\asymp x\log x,$ which ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

175 views

### Linear combination of multiplicative functions

Carlitz showed necessary and sufficient conditions for an arithmetic function to be a linear combination of two multiplicative functions. He mentions the possibility of generalizing to $k$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

408 views

### Which rationals are sum-of-divisor function quotients

Consider the function $\sigma(n)/n$, where $\sigma$ is the usual sum-of-divisors function. I read somewhere that it is unknown what rational numbers are in fact values of this function (or at any ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

584 views

### Extending arithmetic functions to groups

Thinking along the lines of Tom Leinster's fascinating recent question, I'm wondering more generally about how to extend questions about natural numbers to groups, with the cyclic groups representing ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Generalized Euler phi function

Let $n$ be an integer, there is a well-known formula for $\varphi(n)$ where $\varphi$ is the Euler phi function. Essentially, $\varphi(n)$ gives the number of invertible elements in ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

685 views

### Sum of digits iterated

Original version.
I believe that it is an elementary question, already discussed somewhere. But I just have no idea of how to start it properly. Take a positive integer $n=n_1$ and compute its sum of ...