The approximation-theory tag has no usage guidance.

**14**

votes

**4**answers

680 views

### Finite interpolation by a nondecreasing polynomial

Let $x_1 < x_2 < \ldots < x_n$ and $y_1 < y_2 < \ldots < y_n$ be two sequences
of $n$ real numbers. It is well known that there are polynomials that "interpolate"
in that ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

531 views

### Hilbert's Theorem on $L_2$ norm of polynomials in $\mathbb{Z}[X]$ - Explicit construction and a converse?

Consider the set of polynomials with real coefficients as a vector space with the following inner-product: $\langle f, g \rangle = \int_{a}^{b} f(x)g(x) dx$.
Hilbert showed, in a paper from 1894, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

730 views

### Estimate on sum of squares of multinomial coefficients

I am interested in approximating the sum of the squares of the multinomial coefficients, i.e.
$a_\ell^p := \sum_{k_0+\ldots+k_p = \ell} (\frac{\ell!}{k_0! \ldots k_p!})^2$
or more general,
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

258 views

### Approximation of a given function by rational functions

Given a function $1/\sqrt{x^2 -k^2}$ where k is a constant with a small imaginary part, how do you go about constructing a rational approximation? I am interested in the L_p (p=2 or $\infty$) norm of ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Application of polynomials with non-negative coefficients

Question 1: Are there any deeper applications (in any field of mathematics) of polynomials (with possibly more than one variable) over the real numbers whose coefficients are non-negative? So far I ...

**16**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### Solving NP problems in (usually) Polynomial time?

Just because a problem is NP-complete doesn't mean it can't be usually solved quickly.
The best example of this is probably the traveling salesman problem, for which extraordinarily large instances ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Using Quotient of Prime Numbers to Approximation Reals

We know a positive rational number can be uniquely written as $m/n$ where $m$ and $n$ are coprime positive integers. Particularly, we can pick out those numbers with $m$ and $n$ both prime.
Question ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

694 views

### The closures in $C^0(\mathbb{R}, \mathbb{R})$ of the set of integer valued polynomials, resp, of polynomials with integer coefficients

This is a follow up of an interesting recent question on the topic. The answer given there by fedia shows that the matter is rich and complicated, and I can't resist to submit here a further question.
...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Approximation by exponential polynomials

Let $u(t) = \Sigma_{k=1}^n c_k e^{\lambda_k t} (c_k \in \mathbb C, \lambda_k \in \mathbb C) $ be an exponential polynomial of $\underline{order}$ $n$.
Define $E_n$ to be the collection of all ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

801 views

### Multivariate Bernstein polynomials for approximation of derivatives.

If I have a $C^\infty$ function $f: [0,1]^n \to \mathbb{R}$ then its Bernstein polynomials
$$
B_m(x) = \sum_{k_1,\dots,k_n=0}^m f\left(\frac{k_1}{m}, \dots, \frac{k_m}{m}\right)
\prod_{i=1}^n ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Asymptotics of Fresnel integrals

It is known that
\begin{equation*}
I(p) = \sqrt { \frac {4 \mathrm{i} p} {\pi}}\int \limits _{-\infty} ^{\infty} \mathrm{e}^{- \mathrm{i} p x^2} \varphi (x) \mathrm{d}x
\end{equation*}
is a bounded ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Are piecewise linear functions dense in $W^{1,\infty}$?

Are piecewise linear functions dense in $W^{1,\infty}$ ?

**9**

votes

**3**answers

537 views

### Degree necessary of a polynomial?

Given $-1<a<b<0$, I want to find a polynomial $f(x)\in\Bbb R[x]$ such that $f(x)\in[a,b]$ at every $x\in[b^2,a^2]$ and $f(0)=0$. What is minimum degree that is needed and maximum degree that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Uniform approximation of separately continuous functions on zero-dimensional spaces

For topological spaces $X,Y,Z$ а function $f:X\times Y\to Z$ is called separately continuous if for any $(x,y)\in X\times Y$ the restrictions of $f$ to the sets $\{x\}\times Y$ and $X\times \{y\}$ are ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

241 views

### Algebraic curve approximation

I am wondering wether it exists a theorem that any continuous path on the plane one can
approximate with algebraic curve $P(x,y)=0$ ($P$- is a polynom)?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### cohomology algebra of submanifold in euclidean space

If we write a manifold or CW-complex $X$ as a subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$, in expression of coordinates, for example, \begin{multline}
F(S^2,k+1)=\{(x_1,x_2,x_3,\cdots, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

134 views

### Spectral norm for a truncated Hilbert matrix

Let $T_{N}$ be the (Hilbert) matrix defined by $T_{N}(m,n)=\frac{1}{m-n}$ if $1\leq m,n \leq N$ and $m\neq n$ , and $ T_{N}(n,n)=0$ if $1\leq n \leq N$ .
It's well known that $\Vert T_{N}\Vert < ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Twisted Padé approximants

Let $f$ be a continuous function defined on $\mathbb Z_p$. By Mahler theorem, there exists a sequence $(\gamma_k)_{k\in\mathbb N}$ of $\mathbb Z_p$ such that for every $z\in\mathbb Z_p$
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Jackson's theorem for partial sum of Fourier series

There is a classical theorem of Jackson stating that the $N$-th partial sum $S_N f$ of the Fourier series of a Lipschitz continuous function $f$ (which is periodic with period 1) satisfies
$$
|f(x) - ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

565 views

### Is there a continuous function $f$ satisfying the following Zygmund condition but not differentiable.

Suppose that a continuous function $f$ on the line and satisfies
$$
|f(x+2h)−2f(x+h)+f(x)|\leq const \frac{|h|}{(\log\frac{1}{|h|})^{\beta}}\,\,\,\,\,\,\text{where}\,\,\,\, \beta \in(0, 1]
$$
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Variant of Fermat's last theorem

By Fermat's last theorem, the equation $u^3+v^3=w^3$ has no solutions
in positive integers $u,v,w$. Now consider the following variant : call $\rho(x)$
the distance between $x$ and the nearest ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Density of restrictions of $p$-harmonic functions on a hypersurface

Let $\omega,\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$, $n\geq2$, be bounded smooth domains so that $\bar\omega\subset\Omega$.
Let $1<p<\infty$.
Define the boundary space $B=W^{1,p}(\omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\omega)$; ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

186 views

### Approximating rational values in ]0,1[ by a sum or difference of unit fractions

Let $U=\{\frac{1}{n}: n\in\mathbb{N}\} \cup \{-\frac{1}{n}: n\in\mathbb{N}\}$ be the set of positive and negative unit fractions.
Are there positive integers $m<n \in \mathbb{N}$, such that for ...