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**5**

votes

**1**answer

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### Sparse approximate representation of a collection of vectors

Suppose I have a collection of $n$ vectors $C \subset \mathbb{F}_2^n$. They are of course spanned by the canonical set of $n$ basis vectors.
What I would like to find is a much smaller (~ $\log n$) ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

866 views

### Variant of Fermat's last theorem

By Fermat's last theorem, the equation $u^3+v^3=w^3$ has no solutions
in positive integers $u,v,w$. Now consider the following variant : call $\rho(x)$
the distance between $x$ and the nearest ...

**11**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Solving NP problems in (usually) Polynomial time?

Just because a problem is NP-complete doesn't mean it can't be usually solved quickly.
The best example of this is probably the traveling salesman problem, for which extraordinarily large instances ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

419 views

### Interpolation by a function whose second derivative is bounded

I don't know if this is an easy question for specialists in the field. Consider
the following interpolation problem : let $\varepsilon >0$, $X$ be a finite
set of real numbers and $g$ be a ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

635 views

### Approximating with translated Gaussians and low-frequency trig functions

Defining the translated Gaussians by $f_t(x)=\exp(-(x-t)^2)$ for $t,x\in\Bbb{R}$, we showed that the linear span of $\{f_t \mid 0 \le t < \epsilon\}$ is dense in $L^2(\Bbb{R})$, for any ...