-1
votes
2answers
438 views

Approximating a subspace by sampling a base without replacement

Let $X$ be a $p \times n$ matrix, with $p > n$. Now, suppose I sample $m < n$ columns from $X$ at random, without replacement. I would like to characterize the distance between the subspace ...
7
votes
2answers
366 views

polynomials with minimal $L_\infty$ norm on multiple disjoint intervals

It is well-known that Chebyshev polynomials are the polynomials of minimal $L_\infty$ norm on [-1,1] with leading coefficient 1. But what if you want the minimal $L_\infty$ polynomial on two disjoint ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Noisy bases for linear functions

For any $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, the following statement is trivially true: There exists a set $I \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with $|I| \leq n$ such that for any $x' \in \mathbb{R}^n$, if $x \cdot y = x' ...
0
votes
1answer
444 views

Rational solutions of homogeneous equations

Can every solution of a homogeneous linear system be approximated by a solution in rational numbers? In mathematical terms: Let $$Ax=0$$ be a homogeneous linear system in $n$ determinates for an ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Efficient approximation of a matrix and its inverse

Assume that $ A $ is a real $ n\times n $ matrix whose rows constitute an orthonormal basis of $ \mathbb R^n $. Informal statement of question: Assume we want to approximate $ A $ by a rational ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Matrix approximation

Let A be an $m\times n$ matrix and $k$ be an integer. Assume that $A$ is non-negative. We want to find a scalar $\epsilon$ and an $n\times n$ matrix $B$ such that $A\leq A(\epsilon I + B)$ (where ...
5
votes
1answer
293 views

Sparse approximate representation of a collection of vectors

Suppose I have a collection of $n$ vectors $C \subset \mathbb{F}_2^n$. They are of course spanned by the canonical set of $n$ basis vectors. What I would like to find is a much smaller (~ $\log n$) ...