The approximation-algorithms tag has no usage guidance.

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445 views

### How to evaluate binomial coefficients efficiently and as correctly as possible?

This question is more precisely about evaluation with a computer, of a binomial coefficient of the form $ \binom{x}{m}$ where $x$ is a real number and $m$ a rational integer.
The reason why I ask is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Nearest Point to a real algebraic set

Suppose I have a compact bounded real algebraic (eventually: or analytic or semialgebraic or semianalytic set) $V$ in $\mathbb R^3$ and a point $x\in\mathbb R^3$ not in $V$. How much do we know about ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

871 views

### Approximating e with 2s and 3s

How can I generate a series of 2s and 3s such that the average of the generated values (so far) is as close to e as possible?
For example:
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Approximating the action of the U(N) exponential map

Let's say that I have a curve in $\mathbb{C}^N$ given by the action of the unitary group:
$$x(t) = e^{Ht}x_0,~ H \in \mathfrak{u}(N),~ ||x_0||=1$$
Here, $H$ is an NxN skew-Hermitian matrix (for very ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

553 views

### Getting started: combinatorial optimization for computer scientists

I have a background in computer science and I am starting to work on some problems those are basically combinatorial optimization problems.
I have good knowleges of graphs, *-flow algorithms and so ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

528 views

### Runge-Kutta method with c<1

In trying to solve an ODE $y'=f(y,t)$ with a function f that is discontinuous at a subset (codim=1) of $\mathbb R^n$, I am looking for a Runge-Kutta ODE method whose stages do not evaluate $f(x,t)$ at ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Approximating a max-cut's intersection with other cuts

(This is a cross-post from the Theoretical Computer Science Stack Exchange.)
For the purposes of this question, a cut in a graph $G$ is the edge-set $\delta (S)\subseteq E(G)$ between some vertex-set ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

242 views

### Any approximation algorithms for self-avoiding walks?

I've a graph whose edges are weighted by probabilities, perhaps all equal. I would like to compute the overall probability of traveling between vertices x and y in the graph after I delete each edge ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

385 views

### Approximating derivatives between gridpoints

Hi,
Suppose we have a grid (possibly irregular) of N function/value pairs, $(x_i, f_i)$, $i=1...N$. The function is differentiable everywhere at least twice (perhaps more).
What would be a good way ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### When we use Bernstein polynomials in application

When it is preferable to use Bernstein polynomials to approximate a continuous function instead of using the only following preliminary Numerical Analysis methods: "Lagrange Polynomials", "Simple ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

463 views

### Set Cover:Greedy vs LP

Hi
Both, the greedy and the LP approach for Set Cover give a O(log n) approximation. Is there some inherent difference on the two approximation approaches?
thanks

**4**

votes

**1**answer

640 views

### Lovász $\delta$ condition for LLL Algorithm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenstra%E2%80%93Lenstra%E2%80%93Lov%C3%A1sz_lattice_basis_reduction_algorithm
What is the importance of the $\delta$ parameter for LLL bases called Lovász condition?
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

677 views

### Hypergraph Chromatic Number vs Degree, Clique-Size

For a hypergraph let $\chi$ be the least number of colours needed to colour the vertices, so that in each edge, each colour is used at most once (i.e., the strong chromatic number). Let $\Delta$ be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Norms of B-spline coefficients

In Shumaker's book (Spline Functions: Basic Theory), we know that the $l^\infty$-norm of B-spline coefficients is bounded above and below by the $L^\infty$-norm of the spline itself. Are there similar ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

803 views

### Searching for an inhomogeneous diophantine approximation algorithm

Given two nonzero real numbers $x$ and $y$ such that $y/x$ is irrational, a real number $z$ to be approximated, and a tolerance $\epsilon$, what is an algorithm that will provide coprime integers $a$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

263 views

### Estimate size of graph by taking random walks

Let $G$ be a connected, finite graph and let $v_0$ be a vertex of $G$. I'm interested in methods of estimating the number of vertices in $G$, based on local exploration only. What I have in mind is:
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### How to make an approximation of path with polynom P(x,y)=0?

Hi. Imagine that a user draws on the canvas any path. I want to approximate this path with a path $P(x,y)=0$ where $P(x,y)$ - is unknown polynom. May be somebody can suggest an appropriate algorithm?
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### envelope function for a linear combination of gaussian distributions

Given a distribution $F$ defined as a linear combination of Gaussian distributions:
$F = \sum_{i=1}^n C_i*N(\mu_i,\sigma_i)$ with $\sum_{i=1}^n C_i = 1$
I want to find a Gaussian function $Q = ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Sparse approximation of the inverse of a sparse matrix

Is it possible to approximate an inverse of a sparse matrix with a sparse matrix?
The problem comes up in numerical non-linear quasi-Newton optimization: given a sparse Hessian a good starting point ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

353 views

### How to check numerical precision of my computation of Stieltjes-constants?

In a thread in MSE I proposed an older routine of mine for the efficient computation of coefficients; I use a very similar routine for the quick&dirty computation of the Stieltjes-constants.
...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

412 views

### Construct the best piece-wise linear continuous function fitting given curve

How to construct the optimal piece-wise linear continuous function fitting given curve and given number of knots (optimal knots positions also must be determined by this method)?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

246 views

### Approximation of curves

When constructing minimax (sup-norm) polynomial approximations of real-valued functions, well-known results say (roughly speaking) that optimal solutions are characterized by the fact that they have ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Practical error-estimates for (adaptive) Newton-Cotes Quadrature

I am looking for practical error estimates for Newton-Cotes Quadrature rules.
Most books on numerical methods I have found mainly deal with theoretical error bounds/estimates for the respective ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

654 views

### iteratively (approximately) solving a sum of exponentials

I would iteratively have to solve the following equation at iteration $n$:
$C = \sum_{1 \leq i \leq n}{e^{\frac{x_i}{T}}x_i}$ for $T$.
Each iteration $i$ an unknown $x_i$ will be observed and $C$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Using Fourier Transform to speed up calculation of forces following an inverse square law

Suppose I have $n$ electric point charges in, say, two dimensions. Is there any algorithm (and I have a hunch that it might be related to the Fourier transform) to compute the net forces that act on ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Estimating the growth rate of nondeterministic finite automata

Given a nondeterministic finite automaton $\mathcal{A}$ (or a regular expression, or a regular grammar), can we efficiently compute the number $|L_k(\mathcal{A})|$ of accepted words of length $k$?
...

**3**

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**0**answers

264 views

### Tiling a rectangle with weighted cells (min-max problem)

I have been struggling with a research problem. The problem can be formalized as follows:
Given a $n\times m$ matrix $A$ containing cells with non-negative integer values, partition it in $J$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Is the $d$-dimensional Arrangement of Trees still $NP$-hard?

The $d$-dimensional Arrangement Problem for general graphs is known to be $NP$-hard since the special case $d=1$ (OLA) already is (Garey et al, [1976]). For Trees however, the one dimensional case can ...

**3**

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**0**answers

237 views

### Place n telescopes on a sphere in R^d to see the whole sky

Where would one put $n$ telescopes on the surface of the earth
to see the whole sky as well as possible ?
Use the cosine metric to define how well we can see in direction $x$:
$ \qquad \text{cansee}( ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Algorithm for testing satisfiable fraction of linear equations mod 2

Hello
Let $F_{n,p}$ be a random process which generates a system of linear equations over $F_2$. The variables are $\{x_1, ..., x_n\}$ and for each of the $ \binom{n}{2}$ $i,j$ pairs, the equation ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

179 views

### Determining Roots of a Polynomial with Interval Estimates of Coefficients

Let $f$ be a monic univariate polynomial with real coefficients:
$$f_A(x) = x^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + ... + a_{0}$$
The values of $A=(a_{n-1},...,a_0)$ are unknown, but are estimated as ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

562 views

### biggest cube problem (given set of bricks)

Input: set of bricks, each one is made of 1x1x1 cubes glued together face to face, like tetris pieces.
Problem: find the way of putting together those pieces to make a solid that contains biggest ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

647 views

### Removing cycles from an undirected connected bipartite graph in a special manner

Consider an undirected connected bipartite graph (with cycles) $G = (V_1,V_2,E)$, where $V_1,V_2$ are the two node sets and $E$ is the set of edges connecting nodes in $V_1$ to those in $V_2$. We ...

**2**

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**0**answers

130 views

### Polynomial-time algorithm solving approximately a generalization of the travelling salesman problem

Take a graph $G$ and a number of sets of nodes of $G$. The problem is to find the shortest path passing through at least one node in each node set. If each node set consists of only one node, the ...

**2**

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26 views

### Solving a Certain Constrained Isoperimetric Approximation-Problem

This question is related to my question Differential Geometric Aspects of Rubber Bands, where I asked for a mathematical model of contracting rubber bands.
In contrast to my former question, the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Convergence of Symmetric Iterative Proportional Fitting

Let $A$ denote a symmetric matrix of non-negative entries, whose rows (and columns) sum up to the all-positive vector $d := A\mathbf{1}$ with $\mathbf{1}$ the all-one-vector. Denote $D := diag(d)$ by ...

**2**

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**0**answers

129 views

### A.G. Vitushkin's “Easily representable families of functions” - can it be generalized?

Background
In his monograph "Estimation of the complexity of the tabulation problem" (translated into English as "Theory of the Transmission and Processing of Information") Vitushkin studies ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

56 views

### How to select a subset of points from a universal to minimize the distance from outside to inside?

Here is the detailed problem.
I have a set of N points in K-dimension space, called U, and I want select M points of them, called S. For each point p in U, we define the distance from p to S as
$$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

1k views

### Greedy approach to 0-1 Knapsack problem in specific instances

The 0-1 knapsack problem is known to be NP-complete, and the greedy approach by Dantzig (based on choosing on the basis of density or value/weight) can be shown to be suboptimal using counterexamples. ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

163 views

### Bivariate Function Approximation

I am working on a nonlinear control design and having difficulty in finding approximation of bivariate functions. Are there papers or methods discussing the following question:
For any bivariate ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

339 views

### Approximation of conformal mapping as a sum of elementary conformal mappings

Hi,
I would like to approximate any 2d conformal mapping, as a sum of elementary conformal mappings. So I would have some basis, a conformal mapping with some parameters, and by adding several ones ...

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vote

**2**answers

1k views

### Analyzing Weighted Set-Cover variant

A standard greedy algorithm for solving the weighted set-cover problem can be proven to be a $\log(n)$ approximation. I have a variant of weighted set cover, and I came up with a greedy algorithm for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

81 views

### Computing row-sum scaled unsigned Stirling nos. of the 1st kind

As the title suggests, I would like to compute probability vectors with elements proportional to (unsigned) Stirling numbers of the first kind by row. For easy reference, here is the Wiki page.
For ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

57 views

### Heuristic for choosing n-vectors from n-sets

my given problem is:
choose n-vectors from n-sets (one vector from each set) so that the biggest element in the sum of the chosen vectors is minimal. Unfortunately the problem is NP-hard. So I'm ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

244 views

### Approximation of a given function by rational functions

Given a function $1/\sqrt{x^2 -k^2}$ where k is a constant with a small imaginary part, how do you go about constructing a rational approximation? I am interested in the L_p (p=2 or $\infty$) norm of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

140 views

### What algorithms do you know for beltway reconstruction?

I've faced the beltway reconstruction problem and I've developed a simple backtrack algorithm, what algorithms do you know for this problem?
Beltway Reconstruction Problem:
Assume there is a set of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

128 views

### Near-linear Function aproximation

Hi,
I have a growing, near-linear function, that has some "noise" in its linearity. Is there any solution, how to approximate this function ? I tried Neural Network, but ist not best...
Function ...

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**1**answer

233 views

### Approximate Set Cover Problem by Rounding

Here is the simple algorithm for approximating set cover problem using rounding:
Algorithm 14.1 (Set cover via LP-rounding)
Find an optimal solution to the LP-relaxation.
Pick all sets ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

658 views

### Approximate Algorithms for Poisson's Equation (PDE)

Are there some approximate or randomised algorithms to numerically solve Poisson's Equation in Partial Differential Equations.(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poisson%27s_equation). The best algorithms I ...

**1**

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**0**answers

58 views

### FPTAS for approximating the permanent of a matrix

My question concerns approximating permanent of an $n$-by-$n$ matrix.
Several approximation algorithms have been proposed in the literature for this purpose, whose time complexity depend on $n$ and ...