The applications tag has no usage guidance.

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### Examples of beautiful theories without applications [on hold]

What are examples of beautiful theories, which have no known applications?

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### Application and usage of representation of integers as sum of powers?

We know that there are many articles and manuscripts from the ancient to date talking about representation of integers as sum of squares, cubes etc. I would like to know what is it the usage and ...

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### How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some source to know about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...

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### Which journals publish applied mathematics with mostly pure mathematics content?

In the spirit of Which journals publish expository work? please advise:
What consistently high quality journals$^1$ today publish results that would otherwise go to a pure mathematics journal if ...

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**1**answer

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### Information theory from negative probability

Szekely provides a convincing argument of negative probability here:
http://www.wilmott.com/pdfs/100609_gjs.pdf
What does a reformulation of classical information theory built from negative ...

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### Deep Learning / Deep neural nets for mathematician

I am interested in finding out the math ideas behind the technologies that are under the umbrella of "Deep Learning" or "Deep neural nets".
Most of the papers/books that are often quoted in ...

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### Applications of Szemeredi's Theorem

Szemeredi's Theorem is a famous theorem in Additive Combinatorics, Ergodic Theory and maybe some other parts of Mathemtaitcs:
(Szemeredi's Theorem) Let $\Lambda \in \mathbb{Z}$ be a subset of ...

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### Prime labelling of graphs

A prime labeling of a graph is an injective function $f: V(G) \to \{1, 2, ..., |V(G)|\}$
such that for every pair of adjacent vertices $u$ and $v$, $\text{gcd}(f(u), f(v)) = 1$ (labels of any two ...

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### Robotics, Cryptography, and Genetics applications of Grothendieck's work? [closed]

I was reading about the passing of Alexander Grothendieck, and something caught my interest:
Mr. Grothendieck was able to answer concrete questions about these relationships by finding universal ...

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### Can a monotone exponentially decreasing function be uniformely approximated bt Gaussians?

This question originates an engineering application.
There is a certain process that is presumed to be a sequence of diffusions and is usually modelled as a sum of Gaussians:
$$\Sigma_n ...

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### Examples of research on how people perceive mathematical objects

What examples are there on research related to human perception and mathematical objects?
For example, the shape of a beer glass influences drinking habits,
since people are bad at integrating.
...

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### Where to read about this kind of “measure of irredundancy” of a set from a family of sets?

Studying a very practical problem from psychometrics, I encountered the following construction.
Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space; if preferred, you can presume $\mu$ is a probability measure. In any ...

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267 views

### What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$?

What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$? I am very interested in the possible applications of this series.
I have asked about this on Mathematics Stack Exchange here.
I'm wondering if ...

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**2**answers

305 views

### Physical and real life interpretation of the concept of regularity used in differential equations?

I guess the title kind of speaks for my questions: I'm curious to know what could be the physical interpretation or real life application of the concept of regularity that arises in PDE: take for ...

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2k views

### Algebra and Cancer Research

Let me start by acknowledging the existence of this thread: Mathematics and cancer research ?
It is well-known that mathematical modeling and computational biology are effective tools in cancer ...

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### Does Pure Mathematics glue Science together? [closed]

A little while ago, I was reading Cathy O'Neil's post Why is math research important (subtext: why does Pure Math deserve funding), where she discusses 3 possible answers. One of these is the usual ...

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**1**answer

309 views

### Costa's minimal surface and the structure of lungs

Seeing this image of Costa's minimal surface
(MathWorld image)
made me wonder if the fine-grained structure
of the human lung is somehow composed of pieces of ...

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135 views

### When is it possible to split a non-linear operator into a composition of a linear and local one?

Let $A: L^2(R^n)\to L^2(R^n)$ be a non-linear operator. Is it known when it's possible to split $A$ into a composition of a linear operator $B: L^2(R^n)\to (L^2(R^n))^k$ and a local operator $C: ...

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### Optimal radiating $(d{-}1)$-flats within a sphere

Permit me to revisit an earlier unresolved MO question,
"Chord arrangement that avoids confining small or large disks"
with a (very!) specific version, inspired by radiation therapy.
The main idea is ...

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843 views

### Applications of Lawvere's fixed point theorem

Lawvere's fixed point theorem states that in a cartesian closed category, if there is a morphism $A \to X^A$ which is point-surjective (meaning that $\hom(1,A) \to \hom(1,X^A)$ is surjective), then ...

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### How does the work of a pure mathematician impact society? [closed]

First, I will explain my situation.
In my University most of the careers are doing videos to explain what we do and try to attract more people to our careers.
I am in a really bad position, because ...

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**1**answer

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### A mathematical version of the Magic Eye optical illusion

The magic eye optical illusions create stereographic pictures by taking two rectangles and slightly shifting the patterns, so that when you cross your eyes to overlap them, the subtle differences ...

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### Is Riemannian integration sufficient in physics?

Are there any applications in physics or engineering which require the Lebesgue integral and cannot be treated by Riemannian integration

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### Applications of visual calculus

Mamikon's visual calculus (see Mamikon, Tom Apostol, Wikipedia) is a very beautiful and surprisingly efficient tool.
The basis is
Mamikon's theorem. The area of a tangent sweep is equal to the ...

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### Application of Morse theory to second order systems

Hello
I'm looking for some applications of Morse theory to second order differential system,( or boundary value problems )
Someone can help me with a pdf or a book which has these applications ?
...

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**1**answer

355 views

### Mathematical properties of financial prices

Prices of financial assets (stock-market prices or currency exchange rates) obviously resemble trajectories of stochastic processes.
What is known about their mathematical properties ?
I know ...

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**1**answer

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### Examples of applications of the Freyd-Mitchell embedding theorem.

The Freyd-Mitchell embedding theorem states the following:
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a small abelian category. There exists a unital ring $R$ and a full, faithful and exact functor ...

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**2**answers

3k views

### On mentioning recommenders' names in cover letter for postdoctoral applications

If I want to apply for a postdoctoral job, can I mention the name of my recommenders in my cover letter just to bolster my application, particularly when I am sure that the people who will read my ...

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### Role of applications in modern mathematics [closed]

Older days scientists were universalists and philosophy, physics and mathematics were a part the same question - understanding the world.
Nowadays one may get feeling that the role of applications ...

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352 views

### Applications of discrete-time dynamics

Hello,
I am a graduate student in the field of discrete-time dynamics. I am wondering about applications of this field outside of mathematics. More precisely, I would like to know if there are "real ...

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2k views

### Math behind databases management and SQL ?

Are there some mathematical theories/theorems/... behind modern development of database management systems and in particular of SQL ?
I am refreshing my knowledge of these things which are quite ...

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### Signal Processing reference for pure mathematician

Before giving a more detailed question below, the basic one is: can anyone recommend a good signal-processing reference which would be maximally readable by a pure mathematician (who nevertheless ...

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### Question on “publication List” for applying to post-doctoral jobs

1) Many Mathematics departments ask to send a "list of publications" while applying for research postdoctoral jobs. My question is: how important is it to post my papers in arXiv. I know, posting on ...

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### Minimizing |FT(X)|_{\infty} by permutation of X_i - question on Fourier transform related to engineering problem (peak factor of OFDM system)

Consider vector X =( X_1 ... X_N), consider the discrete Fourier transform $Y=F(X)$.
I am interested to minimize $|Y|_{\infty}$, by permutation of numbers X_i, how to do it ?
Here $|Y|_{\infty}$ is ...

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### Decay rate of Discrete Prolate Spheroidal Sequences in frequency

What is the decay rate of DPSS sequences in frequency?
Consider an interval $T\subset\mathbb{Z}$ of length N in time. Consider another interval $[-W,W]$ in frequency with $W<1/2$. Let $\phi_0$ ...

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### Applications of moduli of curves theory

Are there some applications of moduli of curves theory? I was wondering if moduli of curves theory is used (or could be used) for doing research in applied mathematics.
I am doing my PhD in algebraic ...

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### Distances on generalizations of the symmetric group

I'm a computer vision student, and I'm looking for some symmetric group literature guidance. I'm going to provide some context, and finally ask two questions.
The Cayley distance and other distances ...

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973 views

### Frequency calculation using fourier transform [closed]

How to calculate the frequency of an audio file using Fourier Transform

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### Application of Catalan number [closed]

Hi guys just a quick questions
What are the real life application of catalan numbers?
Thanks a lot!

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**1**answer

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### Non-trivial consequences of Lob's theorem

Informally, Löb's theorem (Wikipedia, PlanetMath) shows that:
a mathematical system cannot assert its own soundness without becoming inconsistent [Yudkowsky]
In symbols:
if $PA\vdash$ ...

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### Applications of algebraic geometry/commutative algebra to biology/pharmacology ?

Are there applications of algebraic geometry/commutative algebra to biology/pharmacology ?
It might be that some Groebner basis technique is used somewhere ?
I know there are some applications to ...

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### Applications of the knot theory to biology/pharmacology ?

What are the applications of the knot theory to biology/pharmacology ?
I guess there should be some, since proteins are quite long and probably some of their properties are related whether they are ...

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### “Graphical models” and “gene finding and diagnosis of diseases” ?

Quote Wikipedia: Applications of graphical models include ... gene finding and diagnosis of diseases...
Unfortunately there is no comment what are these applications...
Can one comment on this ?
...

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### Applications of group theory to math. biology (pharmacology) ?

Are there applications of group theory (take it broadly: representation theory, Lie algs., q-groups, whatever ... ) to math. biology ?
I am in particular interested about applications to pharmacology ...

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**1**answer

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### Any applications integrable systems (pde,ode, q-,…) to math. biology (pharmakinetics, pharmadynamics) ?

Question Are there any relations/applications of integrable system theory (take it as broadly as one can: ODE, PDE, quantum, box-ball,...) to mathematical biology (in particular pharmacokinetics, ...

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### Stochastic process with Bessel function autocorrelation. (Rayleigh (Jakes) fading for radiowave propagation)

Have the stochastic following process f(t) been studied in mathematics ?
It is stationary, Gaussian, f(t) - complex independent Gaussians N(0,1).
The autocorrelation is given by the
zeroth-order ...

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### Application for Morse-Smale systems

All my life I do topological classification of Morse-Smale systems (flows and cascades). Today, fundamental science is not in fashion, to receive grants require an application. Can you please tell ...

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### Mathematics and cancer research?

What are applications of mathematics in cancer research?
My answer.
Unfortunately I heard quite small about math, but I heard something about
applications of physics. And let me put this story here, ...

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### L1-regularized Least Squares on a matrix with Toeplitz Blocks (not block-Toeplitz)

I am trying to speed up a sparse signal recovery algorithms.
My sensing matrix is a set of Toeplitz Blocks, M = [T1,T2,T3,...,Tk]
The objective is min ||Mx - b||_2^2 + ||x||1
What I'm actually ...

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### Applications of Chevalley groups theory for dummies

As an algebraist i frequently receive questions from my friends-mathematicians and non-mathematicians about applications of my topic "in real life". I study algebraic groups in the stream of ...