Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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11
votes
0answers
368 views

Classes of (non-continuous) functions with the fixed point property

Let $K$ be a convex body in $ R^d$. (Say, a ball, say a cube...) For which classes $ \cal C$ of functions, every function $ f \in {\cal C}$ which takes $K$ into itself admits a fixed point in $K$. ...
9
votes
0answers
133 views

Invariant definition of the space of symbols on a vector bundle (pseudo-differential operators)

Normally, in the context of pseudo-differential operators, a symbol on a vector bundle $E$ is defined as a smooth function on $E$ which in each trivializing chart fulfills the usual symbol estimates ...
8
votes
0answers
372 views

Parametrisations for Null Temperature Functions: nonuniqueness of solutions to the Heat Equation

Disclaimer I expect this is a highly open problem, but maybe I'm wrong and someone has come up with some answers besides those given here. In any case, all information appreciated, thanks! Definition ...
7
votes
0answers
155 views

Why is it hard to obtain improved $L^6$ bound of eigenfunction of Laplacian on 2-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold?

Consider the $L^p$ estimate of the Laplacian on a compact boundaryless Riemannian manifold, suppose that $-\Delta_ge_{\lambda}=\lambda^2e_\lambda(x), x\in M$. C.D. Sogge proved that we have the ...
7
votes
0answers
327 views

Regularity of solutions to a linear degenerate parabolic pde

I've encountered the following problem which is causing me some trouble : Let $(M^2,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian surface (with constant curvature for instance) and consider a smooth function ...
7
votes
0answers
253 views

Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...
6
votes
0answers
121 views

Local solvability of nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems

Malgrange proves the following statement regarding local solvability of (determined or underdetermined) nonlinear elliptic systems: Let $F_i(x,D^\alpha u)=0$ be a nonlinear elliptic system of order ...
6
votes
0answers
134 views

Interpolation between L^1 and Sobolev Space

Suppose $D^\alpha$ is fractional differentiation of order $\alpha$ on the real line. Is it true that $||D^\alpha f||_{L^\frac{2 \beta}{2 \beta - \alpha}({\mathbb R})} \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} ...
6
votes
0answers
328 views

Lax Pairs for Linear PDEs

I'm trying to understand the discussion around equation (2.1) of the paper http://www.jstor.org/stable/53053. It says that the linear PDE $M(\partial_x,\partial_y)q=0$ with constant coefficients has ...
6
votes
0answers
268 views

Uniqueness for a non-local differential equation

Question:Fix $\epsilon>0$. Consider the differential equation, defined for functions $f(t,x)\in C^\infty([0,\epsilon]\times[0,\epsilon])$ defined by $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} ...
6
votes
0answers
277 views

Compactness of solutions to parabolic equations (parabolic regularity)

I am working on a Ricci flow $(\mathcal{M} , g(t))$, for which the conjugate heat operator is $\Box ^* := - \partial _t - \Delta + R$, where $R$ is the scalar curvature. For each $s>0$, I have a ...
6
votes
0answers
376 views

How to estimate isoperimetric constant?

Suppose $(X^m, g)$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $m$ with the following properties, There is a constant $\kappa$ such that $\kappa r^m \leq Vol(B(x, r)) \leq \kappa^{-1} r^m$ for ...
6
votes
0answers
239 views

Dirichlet-to-Neumann map on $C^{k,1}$ domains

I am interested in the mapping properties of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map (also called the Poincare-Steklov operator) for $C^{k,1}$ domains, between Sobolev spaces on the boundary. What I know is in ...
6
votes
0answers
783 views

Harmonic maps into compact Lie groups

Consider locally minimizing harmonic maps from D-dimensional Euclidean space into a compact Lie group G. When $D=3$ the general regularity theory due to Schoen-Uhlenbeck, Schoen, Richard; Uhlenbeck, ...
6
votes
0answers
358 views

A non-elliptic PDE

I wish to know if this PDE can be solved (for a real smooth function $\rho$) on a compact complex surface X : $\bar{\partial}\partial \rho \wedge \bar{\partial}\partial \rho + \bar{\partial}\partial ...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$: $$ \begin{cases} \partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\ u(0,x)=u_0(x). \end{cases} $$ ...
5
votes
0answers
194 views

Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

$L^p$ regularity for wave equations with coercive boundary conditions

Suppose we have the wave type equation $$\partial^2_tu - L u = 0$$ on a compact manifold with boundary, where $L$ is a second order strongly elliptic operator with coercive boundary conditions (not ...
5
votes
0answers
278 views

Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem $$ \partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x) $$ ...
5
votes
0answers
272 views

Laplacians associated to symplectic cohomologies

I am reading the paper"cohomology and Hodge theory on symplectic manifolds I" by Tseng and Yau. In this paper they consider several cohomologies on symplectic manifolds $(M,\omega)$based on the ...
5
votes
0answers
151 views

Is there an appropriate weighted Sobolev space to include exponential map and projection map?

Observe that given a non negative function $\omega: \mathbb{R^2} \rightarrow [0, \infty)$, we can define the weighted $L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^2, \omega) $ spaces. They are measurable functions $f: ...
5
votes
0answers
94 views

Lagrangean uniqueness versus Eulerian uniqueness

(1) Lagrangean description. Let us consider a $N\times N$ system of autonomous ODE: $$ \dot x=a(x),\quad \mathbb R\ni t\mapsto x(t)\in \mathbb R^N,\quad a:\mathbb R^N\rightarrow \mathbb R^N. $$ ...
5
votes
0answers
332 views

“Euler system” in Christodoulou's The Action Principle and PDEs

In The Action Principle and PDEs Christodoulou spends some time describing what he calls the Euler system associated to a system of variational PDEs (sections 2.5-7, 6.2). Briefly, given a bundle ...
5
votes
0answers
449 views

Any similar inequality in literature?

I got the following inequality: $B_{4}$ is the unit ball in $R^{4}$, $\partial B_{4}$ is its boundary. $(\int_{B_{4}}e^{4u}dx)^{\frac{1}{4}} \leq S(\int_{\partial B_{4}}e^{3u}d\xi)^{\frac{1}{3}}$, ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Pseudodifferential operators on compact manifolds with boundary

I have heard that the square root of the Dirichlet (or the Neumann) Laplacian is not a pseudodifferential operator on compact manifolds with boundary. The context in which this was said was that ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

Sobolev spaces of maps between manifolds and the Palais-Smale Condition

I'm currently reading some papers by Uhlenbeck on harmonic maps. She mentions the following facts: Let $M^m$ and $N^n$ be compact Riemannian manifolds, $N$ embedded isometrically into Euclidean ...
4
votes
0answers
140 views

Partial differential Equation over characteristic p

I want some references on partial differential equations over characteristic $p$. If we have a first order partial differential equation, how can we check whether there exists polynomials or rational ...
4
votes
0answers
158 views

Reference for Hodge decomposition

Let $U$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with Lipschitz boundary, and $g \in L^2(U,\mathbb{R}^d)$ be a solenoidal vector field (i.e. $\nabla \cdot g = 0$). Then $g$ can be written in the ...
4
votes
0answers
143 views

Is the universal constant in Caccioppoli's inequality one?

If you go through the classical proof of the fact that if $\Delta u= 0$ on $B_R$, then for every $R^\prime<R$ there holds $$ \int_{B_{R^\prime}}|\nabla u|^2 \leq ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Reference for short time existence of paraobolic PDE on bundles

I am looking for a reference treating parabolic equations on vector bundles. In particular, I look for precise conditions which guarantee short time existence. I found it quoted at different places in ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Carleman estimates on monotonicity formulas

I am trying to derive a monotonicity formula for a certain Dirichlet critical point (or even maybe a minimizer) of an energy of the type, say for simplicity, an energy of the from $$\int_{B_r} ...
4
votes
0answers
153 views

$f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra $$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...
4
votes
0answers
334 views

Linearizing and solving a nonlinear PDE numerically

Im trying to solve the following (transport & diffusion) nonlinear PDE numerically (via finite volume on a cuboid region. Some Material gets cooled down, s.t. in some areas the material becomes ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Asymptotic higher order derivative estimates for solutions of semi-linear parabolic PDEs

Question: Consider a semi-linear parabolic equation on a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^m$: $$ \frac{\partial f_t}{\partial t} = -\Delta f_t + Q(f_t, df_t), $$ with smooth initial data ...
4
votes
0answers
320 views

Do there exist generalized conformal maps that preserve elliptic measure?

Let $D_1$ and $D_2$ be two bounded simply connected Jordan domains in $\mathbb{R}^2$. By Carathéodory's Theorem there exists a homeomorphism $f:\bar{D}_1 \to \bar{D}_2$ such that the restriction ...
4
votes
0answers
350 views

Existence of solutions to elliptic PDE in undbounded domain

Specifically, I have $Lu=f$, where $L$ is a linear elliptic pseudodifferential operator, on an unbounded domain of the form $\Omega\times [0,\infty)$, $\Omega$ has Lipschitz boundary, $u$ is 0 on all ...
4
votes
0answers
802 views

A “Cauchy integral formula” for the Poisson kernel?

The inspiration for this question is in a certain breakdown of the analogy between holomorphic and harmonic functions. First recall the Cauchy integral formula: Let $U$ be an open subset of ...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

Uniqueness for solution of a d-dbar system related to Davey-Stewartson Solitons

This question concerns a system of equations that arise in the study of one-soliton solutions to the Davey-Stewartson equation. In what follows, $f(z)$ denotes a function which depends smoothly (but ...
4
votes
0answers
106 views

Regularity of reflection coefficients (or more generally the scattering transform)

Consider the Schrodinger operator $L(q) = -\partial_x^2 + q(x)$ where the potential $q$ is a real-valued function of a real variable which decays sufficiently rapidly at $\pm \infty$. We define the ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Strong solution to $u_t - \Delta_p u = f$

For $p > 1$, consider the equation $$\langle u_t, v \rangle + \int_\Omega |\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \nabla v = \langle f, v \rangle$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ $$u|_{\partial\Omega} =0$$ for all $v \in ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Reference for existence results for 2D forced viscous Burgers equation

I am looking for results concering the following parabolic PDE $$u\cdot\nabla u + \Delta u = F(x),$$ where $$u\colon\Omega\to\mathbb{R}^2,$$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a 2D domain (bounded or ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

Pointwise a.e. formulation of parabolic PDE, what if null set depends on test function?

Let $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u_t \in L^2(0,T;V^*)$ be a solution of $$\langle u_t(t), v \rangle + a(t;u(t), v) = \langle f(t), v \rangle$$ where $f \in L^2(0,T;V^*)$ and we have the usual assumptions ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

Boundary regularity of Dirichlet Eigenfunction on bounded domains

Consider a bounded, connected and open subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ and the Dirichlet Laplacian $-\Delta$ acting in $L^2(\Omega)$. Then we know that the eigenvalues of $-\Delta$ form an ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Variational Principle for a System of Differential Equations

I am studying a differential operator of the form $$ L\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) = -\Delta \left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) + V(x)\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

$\mathbb{CP}^1$-structures and hyperbolic Gauss maps

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed surface of genus at least $2$. Put a quasi-Fuchsian $\mathbb{CP}^1$-structure (i.e. complex projective structure) on $\Sigma$. Thus the universal cover $\tilde{\Sigma}$ is ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Integrability of $D^2u$ for $\infty$-harmonic function $u$?

Consider infinity harmonic functions; that is, functions satisfying $\Delta_\infty u = 0$ with $$\Delta_\infty u = \langle Du, D^2 u \, Du \rangle = \sum_{i,j} \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_i \, ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Local energy decay for variable-speed, divergence-form wave equation in non-trapping medium without obstacles

I'm looking for a reference in the literature describing local energy decay for solutions of a smooth-coefficient, variable-speed wave equation, in divergence form, with compactly-supported initial ...
3
votes
0answers
152 views

Need a regularity result for parabolic PDE, want $u' \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$

Let us assume $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is as nice as required. Let $f \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$ and let $g \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$ satisfy $$0 < a \leq g(x,t) \leq b < ...
3
votes
0answers
175 views

Reference on a Monge-Ampère-like equation

We recently realized that a geometric questions of interest to us is strongly related to the regularity of solutions of the following simple equation on the unit disk in $R^2$: $$ \det(Hess(w))=1~, $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

Subordination identity and heat operator

I was reading the so-called subordination identity that allows one to derive estimates on the Poisson operator $e^{-t\sqrt{-\Delta}}$ from estimates on the heat diffusion operator $e^{t\Delta}$. I am ...