**12**

votes

**0**answers

370 views

### Invariant definition of the space of symbols on a vector bundle (pseudo-differential operators)

Normally, in the context of pseudo-differential operators, a symbol on a vector bundle $E$ is defined as a smooth function on $E$ which in each trivializing chart fulfills the usual symbol estimates
\...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

447 views

### Classes of (non-continuous) functions with the fixed point property

Let $K$ be a convex body in $ R^d$. (Say, a ball, say a cube...) For which classes $ \cal C$ of functions, every function $ f \in {\cal C}$ which takes $K$ into itself admits a fixed point in $K$.
...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### Are harmonic mappings of Riemannian manifolds always non-singular outside a set of measure zero?

Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensional, connected, compact, oriented, smooth Riemannian manifold with boundary. Assume we are given an immersion $f \colon M \to \mathbb{R}^n$ (note that $n=\dim M$).
Let $...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

410 views

### Parametrisations for Null Temperature Functions: nonuniqueness of solutions to the Heat Equation

Disclaimer I expect this is a highly open problem, but maybe I'm wrong and someone has come up with some answers besides those given here. In any case, all information appreciated, thanks!
Definition ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Penrose transform and general wave equations

In the late 1960's Penrose developed twistor theory, which (amongst other things) lead to an exceptional description for solutions to the wave equation on Minkowski space via the so-called Penrose ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Deformation of the covariant Laplacian

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle (with compact structure group $G$).
Fix a connection $A$ in $P$ and consider a nearby connection $B$, which is in Coulomb gauge ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

377 views

### Have heat kernels for generalized Laplacians on non-compact manifolds been constructed?

Let $M$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold which is "nice enough", and $D$ a generalized Laplacian on it. The construction of the heat kernel for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$ seems to be ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

193 views

### Why is it hard to obtain improved $L^6$ bound of eigenfunction of Laplacian on 2-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold?

Consider the $L^p$ estimate of the Laplacian on a compact boundaryless Riemannian manifold, suppose that $-\Delta_ge_{\lambda}=\lambda^2e_\lambda(x), x\in M$.
C.D. Sogge proved that we have the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Well-definedness on $C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Let $T$ be a Calderon-Zygmund operator associated to a Calderon-Zygmund kernel $K\in CZK_{\alpha}$ of order $\alpha>0$ and $b\in BMO(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. Then for $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Interpolation between L^1 and Sobolev Space

Suppose $D^\alpha$ is fractional differentiation of order $\alpha$ on the real line. Is it true that
$||D^\alpha f||_{L^\frac{2 \beta}{2 \beta - \alpha}({\mathbb R})} \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} ||f||_{L^...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

372 views

### Regularity of solutions to a linear degenerate parabolic pde

I've encountered the following problem which is causing me some trouble :
Let $(M^2,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian surface (with constant curvature for instance) and consider a smooth function $u:...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

291 views

### Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Are Sobolev trace spaces equal from both sides of the boundary?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded open set and $\Omega'$ the complement of its closure.
Assume $\partial\Omega=\partial\Omega'$.
Are the quotient spaces $W^{1,p}(\Omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Harmonic map heat flow in positive curvature

Suppose I wish to relax/smooth a map $\phi:M\rightarrow N$ between two surfaces $M,N$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$. I could try flowing the map using harmonic heat flow, which (as I understand it) is ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Local energy decay for variable-speed, divergence-form wave equation in non-trapping medium without obstacles

I'm looking for a reference in the literature describing local energy decay for solutions of a smooth-coefficient, variable-speed wave equation, in divergence form, with compactly-supported initial ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

362 views

### Lax Pairs for Linear PDEs

I'm trying to understand the discussion around equation (2.1) of the paper http://www.jstor.org/stable/53053. It says that the linear PDE $M(\partial_x,\partial_y)q=0$ with constant coefficients has ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

300 views

### Compactness of solutions to parabolic equations (parabolic regularity)

I am working on a Ricci flow $(\mathcal{M} , g(t))$, for which the conjugate heat operator is $\Box ^* := - \partial _t - \Delta + R$, where $R$ is the scalar curvature.
For each $s>0$, I have a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

390 views

### How to estimate isoperimetric constant?

Suppose $(X^m, g)$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $m$ with the following properties,
There is a constant $\kappa$ such that $\kappa r^m \leq Vol(B(x, r)) \leq \kappa^{-1} r^m$
for ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

270 views

### Dirichlet-to-Neumann map on $C^{k,1}$ domains

I am interested in the mapping properties of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map (also called the Poincare-Steklov operator) for $C^{k,1}$ domains, between Sobolev spaces on the boundary. What I know is in ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

385 views

### Do there exist generalized conformal maps that preserve elliptic measure?

Let $D_1$ and $D_2$ be two bounded simply connected Jordan domains in $\mathbb{R}^2$. By Carathéodory's Theorem there exists a homeomorphism $f:\bar{D}_1 \to \bar{D}_2$ such that the restriction $f:...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

873 views

### Harmonic maps into compact Lie groups

Consider locally minimizing harmonic maps from D-dimensional Euclidean space into a compact Lie group G. When $D=3$ the general regularity theory due to Schoen-Uhlenbeck,
Schoen, Richard; Uhlenbeck, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

372 views

### A non-elliptic PDE

I wish to know if this PDE can be solved (for a real smooth function $\rho$) on a compact complex surface X :
$\bar{\partial}\partial \rho \wedge \bar{\partial}\partial \rho + \bar{\partial}\partial \...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Contact manifolds and pseudodifferential operators

By way of background, I am currently trying to understand the theory of pseudodifferential operators in the context of contact geometry. I have some knowledge of pseudodifferential operators on ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Has anyone studied a transport equation of this form?

Let $L\colon \mathbb{R}^2 \times \mathbb{R}^+\to \mathbb R$ satisfy
$$
\frac{\partial L}{\partial t} (x,t) = \max\left\{ \frac{\partial L}{\partial x_1}, \frac{\partial L}{\partial x_2} \right\}
$$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Methods of variational calculus in analytic number theory

What methods of calculus of variations have been used in analytic number theory?
I mean do Hamilton-Jacobi theory of PDE found usage in analytic number theory, which raises yet another question has ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### The Spectrum of certain differential operators

We fix a Hilbert space isomorphism $\phi:H^{1}\to H^{2}$. Here by $H^{s},\;s=1,2,\;$ we mean the sobolev space on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ or $S^{2}$.
We consider the following polynomial vector field on ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Difference between parallel transport composed with exponential maps along two different geodesics starting at the same point?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange too: it's not a homework problem, but something that came to my mind while thinking of commutation:
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1356518/...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Local version of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem for Riesz potentials: $\|I_\alpha(f)\|_{L^q} \le C \|f\|_{L^p}$?

Recently, I have been studying the properties of the Riesz potential
$$
I_\alpha(f)(x) = c_{d,\alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.
$$
The classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### behaviour of first eigenfunction near the boundary

Consider $\Omega$ a smooth bounded domain in $R^N$ and suppose $ \phi_1(x)>0$ is the first eigenfunction of $ -\Delta$ in $H_0^1(\Omega)$ normalized however one chooses.
My interest is in how $ \...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

292 views

### A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Continuity of the curve-shortening flow with respect to the curve

The curve-shortening flow is an evolution equation for a smooth closed curve $\alpha$ inmersed in a Riemannian surface $M$. The version where $M$ is the Euclidean plane is illustrated for example in ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### Pseudodifferential operators on compact manifolds with boundary

I have heard that the square root of the Dirichlet (or the Neumann) Laplacian is not a pseudodifferential operator on compact manifolds with boundary. The context in which this was said was that ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Reference for Hodge decomposition

Let $U$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with Lipschitz boundary, and $g \in L^2(U,\mathbb{R}^d)$ be a solenoidal vector field (i.e. $\nabla \cdot g = 0$). Then $g$ can be written in the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

400 views

### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### $L^p$ regularity for wave equations with coercive boundary conditions

Suppose we have the wave type equation
$$\partial^2_tu - L u = 0$$ on a compact manifold with boundary, where $L$ is a second order strongly elliptic operator with coercive boundary conditions (not ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

529 views

### Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x)
$$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

302 views

### Laplacians associated to symplectic cohomologies

I am reading the paper"cohomology and Hodge theory on symplectic manifolds I" by Tseng and Yau. In this paper they consider several cohomologies on symplectic manifolds $(M,\omega)$based on the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Is there an appropriate weighted Sobolev space to include exponential map and projection map?

Observe that given a non negative function
$\omega: \mathbb{R^2} \rightarrow [0, \infty)$, we can define the weighted
$L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^2, \omega) $ spaces. They are measurable functions
$f: \...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Lagrangean uniqueness versus Eulerian uniqueness

(1) Lagrangean description. Let us consider a $N\times N$ system of autonomous ODE:
$$
\dot x=a(x),\quad \mathbb R\ni t\mapsto x(t)\in \mathbb R^N,\quad a:\mathbb R^N\rightarrow \mathbb R^N.
$$
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

373 views

### “Euler system” in Christodoulou's The Action Principle and PDEs

In The Action Principle and PDEs Christodoulou spends some time describing what he calls the Euler system associated to a system of variational PDEs (sections 2.5-7, 6.2). Briefly, given a bundle $E\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

469 views

### Any similar inequality in literature?

I got the following inequality:
$B_{4}$ is the unit ball in $R^{4}$, $\partial B_{4}$ is its boundary.
$(\int_{B_{4}}e^{4u}dx)^{\frac{1}{4}} \leq S(\int_{\partial B_{4}}e^{3u}d\xi)^{\frac{1}{3}}$,
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### I have an embedding $\iota$ between two Hilbert spaces and want to know if $\iota\iota^\ast$ is something simple like an orthogonal projection

I'm reading A Concise Course on Stochastic Partial Differential Equations. In Proposition 2.5.2 the authors define the notion of a cylindrical $Q$-Wiener process $W$. It turns out that $W$ is just a $...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Equivalence between Sobolev norm and Sobolev-Slobodeckij norm for $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$ when $s$ is an integer

Take $W^{1,2} = H^1$ for example. If we still use Slobodeckij norm (which is normally defined for a fractional Sobolev space) as follows for a $u\in H^1(\Omega)$ with the exponent being in integer:
$$
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Derivation of a stochastic Navier-Stokes equation under the assumption of perturbed particle trajectories

Let
$d\in\left\{2,3\right\}$
$\mathcal V_t\subseteq\mathbb R^d$ be the bounded domain occupied by an incompressible Newtonian fluid at time $t\ge 0$
$\Phi_t:\mathcal V_0\to\mathcal V_t$ such that $\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Sobolev spaces defined on non-compact Lie groups

In this post, a question was raised to discuss the generalization of Sobolev spaces on locally compact Lie groups. Now my question is whether there exists a generalization of Sobolev spaces and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

358 views

### Properties of the solution of the heat equation

Note 1: the following question has been post on Math Stackexchange here but receive no respond. So I post it here to get more attention.
Note 2: This is my research problem, but the original problem ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Minimisers and critical points of variational integrals

In the following we consider $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n\ (n\geq2)$ to be open, bounded and with Lipschitz boundary. Consider the following regular variational integral:
\begin{equation*}
I[u]=\int_{\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Compensated compactness for system of conservation laws?

As far as I knew, the method of compensated compactness can be used only for one-dimensional scalar and $2\times 2$ systems of conservation laws, i.e. $u_t+f(u)_x=0$. But if I understood correctly ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### A “gradient” weak Harnack inequality for quasilinear elliptic equations

Suppose we are in the following loosely described setting:
we have a non-negative supersolution $h$ of the following elliptic equation:
\begin{equation}
\Delta h + \|\nabla h\|^2 + f(x) \geq 0
\end{...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### On a continuous extension of a linear 2nd order PDE

Consider an elliptic (hyperbolic) equation
$A(x,y) u_{xx} + 2B(x,y) u_{xy} + C(x,y) u_{yy} = 0$
in a bounded open plane set $D$, with real-valued functions $A$, $B$, and $C$. Is it true that at least ...