Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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69
votes
16answers
4k views

Does Physics need non-analytic smooth functions?

Observing the behaviour of a few physicists "in nature", I had the impression that among the mathematical tools they use a lot (along with possibly much more sofisticated maths, of course), there is ...
28
votes
5answers
2k views

Which nonlinear PDEs are of interest to algebraic geometers and why?

Motivation I have recently started thinking about the interrelations among algebraic geometry and nonlinear PDEs. It is well known that the methods and ideas of algebraic geometry have lead to a ...
23
votes
3answers
1k views

Which differential equations allow for a variational formulation?

Many ODE's and PDE's arising in nature have a variational formulation. An example of what I mean is the following. Classical motions are solutions $q(t)$ to Lagrange's equation $$ ...
21
votes
18answers
2k views

PDEs as a tool in other domains in mathematics

According to the large number of paper cited in MathSciNet database, Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) is an important topic of its own. Needless to say, it is an extremely useful tool for natural ...
10
votes
0answers
334 views

Classes of (non-continuous) functions with the fixed point property

Let $K$ be a convex body in $ R^d$. (Say, a ball, say a cube...) For which classes $ \cal C$ of functions, every function $ f \in {\cal C}$ which takes $K$ into itself admits a fixed point in $K$. ...
12
votes
1answer
447 views

Symbols of elliptic operators

First let me state the problem, then I'll explain its origin and finally, I'll ask the main question.. Problem S. Fix a positive integer $n$. Find all the pairs $(V, S)$, whith the following ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Does elliptic regularity guarantee analytic solutions?

Let $D$ be an elliptic operator on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with real analytic coefficients. Must its solutions also be real analytic? If not, are there any helpful supplementary assumptions? Standard ...
8
votes
0answers
355 views

Parametrisations for Null Temperature Functions: nonuniqueness of solutions to the Heat Equation

Disclaimer I expect this is a highly open problem, but maybe I'm wrong and someone has come up with some answers besides those given here. In any case, all information appreciated, thanks! Definition ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Solutions to the eikonal equation

Theorem. Let V be a $C^\infty$ function on a riemannian manifold $M$ and $p$ be a nondegenerate local minimum with $V(p)=0$. Then there is a unique positive function $\varphi \in C^\infty(U)$ such ...
1
vote
2answers
522 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
6
votes
2answers
690 views

Characterize where the Dirichlet Problem for the Laplacian is always solvable

Conway's 1978 textbook Functions of One Complex Variable I gives an unsatisfying characterization of the regions for which the Dirichlet Problem can always be solved, and then comments no cleaner ...
5
votes
1answer
393 views

Regularity of the Maxwell equations

As is well-known, the Maxwell equations can be phrased vectorially as, \begin{align} \nabla \cdot \mathbf E &= \frac{\rho_f}{\varepsilon}, &\text{Gauss's law,}\\\ \nabla \cdot \mathbf ...
7
votes
1answer
873 views

Basis for the space of Harmonic homogeneous polynomial in N variables.

Hello, Does someone know an explicit basis of the space of harmonic homogeneous polynomial in N variables. When $N=3$, if I'm not mistaking Legendre polynomial allow to write an explicit basis. Is ...
7
votes
1answer
466 views

Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$: $\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...
5
votes
2answers
345 views

Willmore minimizers for genus $\geq 2$

For an immersed closed surface $f: \Sigma \rightarrow \mathbb R^3$ the Willmore functional is defined as $$ \cal W(f) = \int _{\Sigma} \frac{1}{4} |\vec H|^2 d \mu_g, $$ where $\vec H$ is the mean ...
3
votes
3answers
651 views

Reference request: Simple facts about vector-valued Sobolev space

Let $V,H$ be separable Hilbert spaces such that there are dense injections $V \hookrightarrow H \hookrightarrow V^*$. (For example, $H = L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V = H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V^* = ...
1
vote
2answers
295 views

Replacing large-dimensional ODE systems with one PDE [closed]

Is it possible to replace a large-dimensional system of differential equations with one partial differential equation?
5
votes
3answers
359 views

PDEs involving measures; where to begin?

If I want to learn about existence of weak solutions to PDEs of the form $$u_t + Au = f$$ or $$Au = f$$ where $A$ is elliptic and $f$ is a measure, where do I start? I know the Galerkin method for ...
5
votes
3answers
607 views

Newlander-Nirenberg for surfaces

Quite a long ago, I tried to work out explicitly the content of the Newlander-Nirenberg theorem. My aim was trying to understand wether a direct proof could work in the simplest possible case, namely ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

Is there a lower bound for variance in terms of curvature?

If the Gaussian curvature of the metric $g= f^2(x,y)(dx^2+dy^2)$ is nonzero then $f$ cannot be constant. This can be expressed by stating that the (probabilistic) variance $Var(f)$ of $f$ is nonzero ...
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Proof that $L^2(0,T;X)^* = L^2(0,T;X^*)$

How is the proof that $$[L^2(0,T;X)]' = L^2(0,T;X')$$ looking like, where $X$ is a Hilbert space? I am asking for the proof that the dual space of $L^2(0,T;X)$ is the space $L^2(0,T;X^*)$. Is the ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

How to pick out harmonics based on boundary conditions?

(..this is almost a continuation of my last question (which got closed!)...) Let me first rewrite one of the main results of this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf in a coordinate ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

How to use, $(|u|^{2}u - |v|^{2}v)(s)= (u-v)|u|^{2}(s)+ v(|u|^{2}-|v|^{2}) (s)$; to prove contraction in a Banach space $C([0,T]; M^{p,1})$?

(May be this is very basic question for MO) (For details or this question you may see the paper page no. 9, MR2506839, Local well-posedness of nonlinear dispersive equations on modulation spaces; ...