Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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4
votes
1answer
450 views

Solution of Helmholtz-Equation where Phase is restricted by additional PDE

Hello! Let's say I have $(\partial_x^2 + \partial_y^2 + a)f(x,y)=0$ with $f(x,y) \in \mathbb{C}$, ($\lim_{x,y \to \infty} f(x,y)=0$). Now separate the Amplitude and Phase of the solution: ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Physical and real life interpretation of the concept of regularity used in differential equations?

I guess the title kind of speaks for my questions: I'm curious to know what could be the physical interpretation or real life application of the concept of regularity that arises in PDE: take for ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Green's function for *GJMS* operator

Consider a Riemannian manifold $(M^n, g)$ of dimension $n$ with a metric $g$. We assume $M$ to be closed (compact without boundary). Let's not assume any hypothesis on the Yamabe invariant of the ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

How can one use stability analaysis of finite differences methods in linear Schrodinger to the NLS?

Specifically, I've seen a lot of analysis of grid stability for solving Linear Schrodinger with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson. However, most of the usages I've seen for the same ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Time decay for Hartree equation with Coulomb potential

Are there any time-decay results for the solution of the Hartree equation \begin{equation}\frac{1}{i}\partial_t\phi-\Delta\phi=-(|x|^{-1}\ast|\phi|^2)\phi,\quad x\in\mathbb{R}^3\end{equation} in ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

First integrals of a 3D incompressible flow

Let $\Omega$ be an unbounded periodic smooth domain of $\mathbb{R}^3$. We are Given an incompressible vector field $q:\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. $\nabla\cdot q\equiv 0$ ...
6
votes
1answer
186 views

About the convergence rate for an approximation to the heat kernel

Let $G(t,x)$ be the heat kernel $$ G(t,x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi t}}e^{-\frac{x^2}{2t}}, \quad t>0, \:x\in\mathbb{R}. $$ Here is one approximation to $G(t,x)$: $$ G_\epsilon(t,x)=e^{-t/\epsilon} ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Theorem with an example [on hold]

i have this theorem in the paper they gives an example: but here $H_1$ is not satisfied ! How to correct it please?
1
vote
1answer
137 views

A question about the first eigenvalue for two Kahler metrics

While reading the paper of Gang Tian, "Kähler-Einstein metrics with positive scalar curvature". In the proof of Theorem 1.6, he pointed that if two Kahler metrics $\omega $ and $\omega'$ satisfies ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

A comparison principle for degenerate parabolic equation

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain and let $p < 0$ be real. Suppose that $u, v \in L^2(0,T;H^1(\Omega) \cap L^2(0,T;L^2(\partial\Omega))$ with $|u|^{p+1} \in L^2(0,T;L^2(\partial\Omega))$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

The class of bounded uniformly continuous functions in viscosity solution theory for Hamilton-Jacobi equations

Dumb question: Usually in viscosity solution theory for Hamilton Jacobi equations (with convex, coercive Hamiltonians), solutions are said to be in the class $BUC(\mathbb{R}^n)$ or ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Classical theory for the incompressible Euler equation (reference request)

I have recently been interested in the incompressible Euler equation, but since I am new to the topic, I would like to inquire what are the standard sources/references (for self-study) regarding the ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Heat kernel and Wiener measure

A theorem by Barry Simon says that for arbitrary open sets $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, we have $$[\exp(t\Delta_{\Omega}^D)](x,y) = \mu_{x,y,t}\lbrace \omega \text{ } \vert \text{ } \omega(s) \in ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

The centralizer of Lienard equation

Consider the lienard vector field $\cases{ x'=y -F(x) \\ y'=-x } $ in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, where $F$ is a polynomial fuction with $F(0)=0$. Assume that $Y$ is a smooth vector field globally defined ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

$L^p$ estimate for (powers of) a Laplacian with inverse square potential

I need an estimate of the form $$ \|v\|_{L^p} \le C \|(K-\Delta- c|x|^{-2})^s v\|_{L^p} $$ where $K>0$ can be large if necessary, $c$ is positive but below the Hardy constant $(n-2)^2/4$, where $n$ ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

$C^\infty$ approximations of $f(r) = |r|^{m-1}r$ [migrated]

Consider $f(r) = |r|^{m-1}r$ where $m \geq 1$. Is it possible to find $C^\infty$ functions $f_n$, such that $f_n \to f$ uniformly on compact subsets of $\mathbb{R}$, $f_n' \to f'$ uniformly on ...
4
votes
0answers
319 views

Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesiable flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$: \begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation} This equation defines a foliation on ...
7
votes
1answer
467 views

Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$: $\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Getting an a priori bound on a nonlinear gradient term in PDE; how to adapt trick from $L^2$ case to $H^{-1}$ case?

I have the PDE $$u_t(t) - \Delta f(u(t)) = 0$$ in $H^{-1}(\Omega)$ where $f$ is a nonlinear function. Define $F(s) = \int_0^s f(s)$. Note that if $u_t(t) \in L^2(\Omega)$, $$\frac{d}{dt}F(u(t)) = ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Existence for ODE in Banach space (accretive operators and Crandall-Liggett)

There is a theory of mild solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space for equations of the form $$\frac{du}{dt} + Au = f$$ where $A$ is an accretive nonlinear operator under some ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

on high order Laplacian

Roughly speaking, we have good understanding of the solution to heat equation $u_t-\Delta u=0$, on bounded or unbounded domain. For example, we know the decay rate, we know it generates analytic ...
5
votes
0answers
101 views

Reference Request: Elliptic differential operators in the Fréchet setting

Normally the theory of (elliptic) differential operators between vector bundles (or $\mathbb{R}^n$) is presented in the language of Sobolev spaces. I'm searching for a book (or something similar) ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Techniques to show existence for a PDE with dynamic boundary condition

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain. I am looking for techniques to show existence of solutions to dynamic boundary problems of the form $$\Delta u = 0 \quad\text{on}\quad \Omega \times (0,T)\\ ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Thesis of Serge Resnick - Dynamical Problems in Non-Linear Advetive Partial Differential Equations

I'm seeking the thesis Dynamical Problems in Non-Linear Advetive Partial Differential Equations by Serge Resnick. In the virtual library of The University of Chicago ...
-1
votes
0answers
75 views

If there is a diffeomorphism between two surfaces, what is the relation between Laplace-Beltrami operators on the surfaces?

Let $S(0)$ and $S(t)$ be hypersurfaces of dimension $n$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Suppose there is a diffeomorphism $F^0_t:S(0) \to S(t)$. Denote the Laplace-Beltrami operator by $\Delta_{S(\cdot)}$. Let ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Fractional Laplacian on compact hypersurface/manifold via harmonic extension?

Let $M$ be a sufficiently smooth compact hypersurface of dimension $n-1$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In pages 10-11 of this paper, the authors define $\mathcal{M} = M \times (0,\infty)$ and consider the ...
3
votes
1answer
210 views

iwaniec's conjecture

Does anyone know whether there is any geometric applications of the iwaniec's conjecture on $ l^p $ bound of beurling alfhors transform( or the complex hilbert transform). One application could have ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Integrability of $D^2u$ for $\infty$-harmonic function $u$?

Consider infinity harmonic functions; that is, functions satisfying $\Delta_\infty u = 0$ with $$\Delta_\infty u = \langle Du, D^2 u \, Du \rangle = \sum_{i,j} \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_i \, ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

Are there nontrivial real functions of 2 real variables with gradient having constant euclidian norm on each level line?

Let $F$ be the class of locally Lipschitz continuous functions $z=f(x,y)$, from $\mathbb R \times\mathbb R \to\mathbb R,$ such that the euclidean norm $|\ \mathrm{grad}\ f (x,y)\ |$ of its gradient ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Boundary gradient estimate

Assume $U$ is the unit disk and $\bar U$ its closure and let $u\in C^2(U)\cap C(\bar U)$ be a real function, with $u(z)=0$ for $z\in \partial U$. If $$|\Delta u|\le A|\nabla u|^2+g(z),$$ for some ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem $$ \partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x) $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Nonlocal (parabolic) PDEs in the Sobolev space setting

Can someone recommend me some literature on nonlocal parabolic problems (eg. of the form $$u_t + (-\Delta)^s u = f$$ where the nonlocal operator is the fractional Laplacian) in the setting of Sobolev ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Guassian upper bound of the heat kernel implies ultracontrativity?

For spaces satisfies uniformlly local doubling and Poincare inequality (for example, Riemannian manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below RCD(K,N)). By Sturm's paper, we have bounds on the heat ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Why is it impossible to reduce a linear PDE of the second order in more than two independent variables to canonical form globally

It is known that in the case of more than two independent variables, it is usually not possible (especially in the case of PDE with the variable coefficients) to reduce a linear partial differential ...
5
votes
1answer
359 views

Can one understand the Kelvin transform conceptually?

Let $U = \mathbf{R}^n - \{ 0 \}$, $n > 2$ and consider for a function $f \in C^2(U)$ the Kelvin transform $$f^\star(x) = r^{2-n} f\left(\frac{x}{r^2}\right),$$ where $r = \lvert x \rvert$. One ...
4
votes
1answer
225 views

non-negativity to positivity

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n>7$. In this setting I have been able to prove that the Green's function of a positive Paneitz-Branson operator is non-negative. ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Local energy decay for variable-speed, divergence-form wave equation in non-trapping medium without obstacles

I'm looking for a reference in the literature describing local energy decay for solutions of a smooth-coefficient, variable-speed wave equation, in divergence form, with compactly-supported initial ...
3
votes
1answer
615 views

Existence, uniqueness, and smoothness of a solution to a first order PDE on Riemannian M

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional Riemannian submanifold. I wish to determine the local existence, ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Buseman function for Riemanniam manifolds with two ends and $Ric\ge -(n-1)$ [closed]

It's well known that if M is a Riemannian manifold with $Ric \ge 0$ and contains a line $\gamma $. Set $${\gamma _ + } = \gamma | {_{[0, + \infty )}} ,{\gamma _ - } = \gamma | {_{[ - \infty ,0)}} ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Weighted energy estimate for the heat equation of higher order

The question is originally related to Hardy's uncertainty principle, convexity and Schrodinger evolutions. In this work the authors deduce a convex property of Schrodinger equation by doing it first ...
0
votes
2answers
145 views

Interior Schauder estimates with weights

Suppose we have $u(x)\in H_2^{loc}(\Omega_{\rho})$, where $\Omega_{\rho}=\{x\in \mathbb{R}^n, |x|>\rho\}$, and in $\Omega_{\rho}$, $u$ satisfies the equation $$ \Delta u-V(x)u=0, $$ where $V$ is a ...
1
vote
3answers
241 views

What are the basis functions for a product space?

Let $X=L^1\left([0,1]^3\right)$, for numerical purpose, what are the possible basis function for $X$? In finite element method, the basis functions are tooth functions, or polynomial functions. Is ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

Existence of positive solutions of a linear PDE on closed manifolds

I was wondering is there a sufficient condition (or sufficient and necessary condition) for the existence of positive solutions of the following linear PDE on a closed manifold $(M, g)$, ...
1
vote
2answers
320 views

Elliptic theory on compact manifolds

Maybe this is silly. On a bounded set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ consider the equation $$ \Delta u=f \quad\text{ in $\Omega$}$$ $$ u=0\quad\text{ on $\partial\Omega$}.$$ One has the following ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Passing to the limit in a PDE (subsequence problems)

For $w \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$, consider the PDE $$\int u'(t)v(t) + \int g(w(t))\nabla u(t) \nabla v(t) = \int f(t) v(t)\quad \forall v \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$$ where $u \in H^1(0,T;L^2)\cap L^2(0,T;H^1)$, and ...
1
vote
1answer
255 views

maximum principle for a non-uniformly parabolic operator

Hi there. Does there exist a maximum principle for the non-uniformly parabolic operator $$ P = \partial_t - \mathrm{e}^{-\beta t}\frac{\partial ^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial }{\partial x} \big( ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Interpolation with time continuity

If $u(x,t)$ is a function depends on $x\in\Omega$ and $t\in[0,T]$. The following result could be found in L.C. Evans's book "PDE". Suppose $u\in L^2(0,T;H_0^1(\Omega))$, with $u_t\in ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Elliptic Fourier integral operators

I know what it means for a pseudodifferential operator $A\in\Psi(\mathbb{R}^n)$ to be elliptic at a point $(x,\xi)\in T^*\mathbb{R}^n$: the principal symbol of $A$ is non-vanishing at the point. But ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Probabilistic Interpretation of First Dirichlet Eigenvalue?

The first Dirichlet eigenvalue of a compact domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary is the smallest positive number for which there exists a non-trivial solution to $$ -\Delta\psi = ...