Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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4
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1answer
90 views

Elliptic regularity for two dimensional domains

Suppose $ \Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $ R^2$. I am interested in the regularity of solutions to $$-\Delta u(x) = f(x) \mbox{ in } \Omega$$ with $ u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$. If $ f \in ...
5
votes
0answers
99 views

Methods of variational calculus in analytic number theory

What methods of calculus of variations have been used in analytic number theory? I mean do Hamilton-Jacobi theory of PDE found usage in analytic number theory, which raises yet another question has ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Regularity up to the boundary for the Poisson problem

It seems that the following assertion is widely accepted: For $k\in\mathbb N$, $p\geq 2$, $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ bounded with $\partial\Omega\in C^{k+2}$ and $f\in W^{k,p}(\Omega)$, the weak ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

comparing Laplacian and gradient of function on boundary

Consider $ E(x)$ some smooth function on $ \Omega$ (some smooth bounded domain in $ R^N$) and suppose $E=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$. Suppose one knows that there is some $C_1,C_2 \in R$ such that $ x ...
5
votes
1answer
238 views

harmonic extension of a curve by different parametrization

Let us consider a curve $\gamma :S^1 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ (or even a planar convex one if it simplifies). Then I look to the harmonic extension to the disc $h:\mathbb{D}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

degree theory for elliptic equations; special solutions

I am interested in using degree theory to examine some semilinear problems. But instead of just looking for solutions lets assume i am looking for a certain class of solutions; for instance lets ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

A heat equation approach to the perturbation of vector field with center

Edit: According to the comment of Willie Wong I realize that the previous version was trivial. I thank him for his comment. Now I revise it. We consider the heat equation $$U_{t}=\Delta ...
8
votes
1answer
527 views

Asking for Advices for Choosing a Ph.D thesis problem (in PDE area)

I'm a first year phd student in Germany. I've started my phd study one year ago and I'm currently confused about the topic I've chosen. The program is in the area of PDEs, and actually I didn't learn ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Regularity of $u$ in $u_t - \Delta \beta(t,u) = f$, can we get $u_t$ is a function?

I'm looking for reference discussing the regularity of the weak solution $u$ to the equation $$u_t - \Delta \beta(t, u) = f$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ where $\beta(t,\cdot)$ is a nonlinear function depending ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Reference request: Weak harnack inequality for biharmonic equation

I have seen a lemma which I do not have any reference and hint for it. Assume $ \Omega \subset \mathbb{R^N} $ is smooth bounded domain and let $u$ be a positive distributional supersolution to ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Proving compatibility of two Partial differential equations

Given two PDE(s): $F(x,y,z,p,q)=0$ and $G(x,y,z,p,q)=0$ In I.A.N Sneddon's "Elements of Partial Differential Equations",If every solution of $F=0$ is a solution of ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Steklov averages in PDE: what to do when we have time-dependent elliptic operator

One may have an equation (with boundary conditions omitted below) $$u_t - Au = f$$ $$u(0)=u_0$$ which has a weak solution $u \in L^2(0,T;V) \cap C([0,T];H)$ in the sense that $$-\int_0^T \int_\Omega ...
9
votes
1answer
220 views

Conformal changes of metric and geodesics

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Let us assume that $X$ denotes a vector field in this manifold and consider the integral curves of this vector field. Does there exist a conformal factor $c$ ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

A Question about compactness of an embedding into $L^p$ spaces

Assume $ \Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is a smooth bounded domain. There is well known Hardy inequality that says For any $ u \in W_0^{1,2}(\Omega) $, $N\geq3$ we have $$ \Lambda \int_{\Omega} ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

The Biharmonic Eigenvalue Problem with Dirichlet Boundary Conditions on a Rectangle

I am interested in solving the following biharmonic eigenvalue problem. $$\begin{array}{cccc} & \Delta ^2 \Psi (x,y) = \lambda \Psi (x,y), & - a \le x \le a & - b \le y \le b \\ ...
9
votes
3answers
560 views

Historical developement of analysis and partial differential equations (especially in the 20th century)

Q: Is there a set of some comprehensive surveys or monographs describing (in technical detail) the historical development of the various subareas of analysis and partial differential equations? ...
3
votes
0answers
149 views

ricci flow on surfaces

In Hamiltons paper "Ricci flow on surfaces" there is an estimate on $|\nabla R|^2$ which shows that $|\nabla R|^2 \leq C_1 \exp{\frac{rt}{2}}$ for some constant $C_1$. Actually for any solution of the ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Semi-continuity of the dimension of the null space

Suppose $T_n : X \rightarrow X$ is a sequence of Fredholm operators on a Banach space such that $T_k \rightarrow T$ strongly (in the induced operator norm). If $N_k$ and $N$ denote the dimensions of ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

A question on the integrability of eigenfunctions of the Laplacian

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. Let $\lambda$ and $u$ be (the $k$-th) eigenvalue and eigenfunction, $$\Delta u=-\lambda u.$$ I was wondering under what condition (for example, spaces ...
7
votes
2answers
280 views

Real analyticity of solution of heat equation

Consider the heat equation $\partial_t u - \Delta u = 0, u(0, x) = u_0$ on a complete (non-compact) Riemannian manifold $M$, may be even $\mathbb{R}^n$. I was wondering, what are some known sufficient ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

Harmonic function with Dirichlet boundary condition

Consider the domain $D = \{(x_1, x_2,.., x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n : 0 \leq x_i \leq 1\}$. Let $D$ be divided into two parts $D_1$ and $D_2$ by the hyperplane $H = \{x_1 = \frac{1}{2}\}$. My question is: ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Trick in a inequality of a paper of free boundary problem that involves the p-laplacian with 1<p<2

I tried to ask this in mathstack, but no one answered me. Let $B = B(x_0,R) \subset \subset \Omega$ a ball in $R^n$ with $\Omega $ a domain in $R^n$ with smooth boundary and consider two functions ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Does this PDE only have the trivial solution?

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed Einstein manifold of dimension $m>2$ and $$ \mathrm{Ricc}(g)=\lambda g, $$ $h$ a symmetric $2$-covariant tensor, $\Delta=\nabla^*\nabla$ the Laplacian on functions as well ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

A question about viscosity solutions

Let $A:=[a,b]$ be a closed interval in $\mathbb{R}$. Let $F(x,p,q,r)$ be a function from $[a,b]\times \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{R} \times\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ describing a second order ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Hypoelliptic pseudodifferential operators and Fredholm equations?

I read here the following: The parametrix is a useful concept in the study of elliptic differential operators and, more generally, of hypoelliptic pseudodifferential operators with variable ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Literature on Lateral cauchy problem

Can you please provide me with books that deal with lateral cauchy problem? Also introductory articles are fine by me. Is this topic covered in books like Evans', Taylor's, Hilbert-Courant's or ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Are solutions of the Beltrami Equations necessarily smooth?

Let $ a $, $ b $ and $ c $ be real constants such that $ \Delta \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} a c - b^{2} > 0 $. The Beltrami Equations are defined as the following system of PDE’s on the domain $ ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

elliptic regularity of Neumann problem on Square

I asked a similar question the other day, but I will be more precise now. Consider $ \Omega:=(0,1 ) \times (0,1)$ and consider $$ - u_{xx}(x,y) - u_{yy}(x,y) + a(x) u_x + b(y) u_y + u = f(x,y) ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

elliptic regularity for Neumann BVP on square

I am interested in the regularity of ellitpic equations like $$ -\Delta u(x) +a(x) \cdot \nabla u(x) + C(x) u(x) =f(x) \quad \Omega$$ with $ \partial_\nu u =0$ on $ \partial \Omega$ where $ ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Minimisers and critical points of variational integrals

In the following we consider $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n\ (n\geq2)$ to be open, bounded and with Lipschitz boundary. Consider the following regular variational integral: \begin{equation*} ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

Explicit Eigenvalues of the Laplacian

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact manifold without boundary. Question: For which $(M,g)$ are the eigenvalues of the Laplace operator on functions explicitly known? An important example is the $n$-sphere ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

regularity for an elasticity problem

Consider $B$ a bounded domain of $\mathbb{R}^3$ with a smooth boundary $\partial B$. Is there any reference for the optimal regularity with respect of the boundary data of the solution of the ...
5
votes
3answers
295 views

A space of distributions vanishing on the boundary

The revised question After more reflection on the problem, I might have found the answer by myself. Let $U$ be an open subset of $M$, irrespective of whether it has a boundary or not. Let $$\mathcal ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Mixed norm estimate for the heat equation

Consider the inhomogeneous linear heat equation $$\partial_tu-\Delta u=F$$ on $\mathbb R^n\times [0,1]$ (say) with zero initial data. Assume $F$ is very nice (say Schwarz), so that we have a nice ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Zeta-Determinant Theorem

Recently, someone asked on MO about lecture notes from Graeme Segal's "Stanford lectures" on TQFT, and the answer was to check here. When scrolling over the notes, I stumpled of Prop. 2.8.2 in ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

General solution to null-divergence equation

I am interested in whether each component of a divergenceless vector can itself be written as a divergence. My motivation for this question is the characterization of so-called trivial conservation ...
6
votes
3answers
246 views

Quantum Mechanics and bilinear optimal control theory

I was wondering whether there are any rigorous results about the optimal controllability of Schrödinger operators. So my question is something like this: Let $i \partial_t \psi(x,t) = ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Changing frames of the tangent bundle with Schwartz functions [closed]

Let's consider two global frames $\{v_{1},....v_{N}\}$ and $\{u_{1},....u_{N}\}$ of the tangent bundle $T\mathbb{R}^N$. Now consider the matrix $\{f_{i,j}\}$that change the frame $\{v_k\}$ to ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Connection between the p and q Laplacians

I'm just looking for some quick and dirty intuition(and/or reading material) about the following: I read that Hodge duality provides a way to interchange the p-Laplacian $ \Delta_p = \nabla\cdot( ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Modified Sine-Gordon on Torus

Has the modified (sign altered) Sine Gordon Equation: $$ \alpha_{ss} + \sin \alpha = 0 $$ been found to have interesting geometrical properties? With symmetric ODE I obtained closed loops on a ...
2
votes
2answers
222 views

Eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on singular spaces

Consider a compact manifold $M$ with boundary and corner. As an example, we could have the cube $\{(x_1, x_2,..x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n : x_i \in [0,1]\}$. We could very well define the Laplacian ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

Numerical methods for solving a hyperbolic nonlinear PDE

What type of numercial methods are there to solve PDE of the sorts of: $$f(x,t,u(x,t))u_{xx} - g(x,t,u(x,t))u_{tt} = F(x,t,u(x,t))$$ $$u(x,0)=G_1(x) , \frac{\partial u(x,0)}{\partial t}=H_1(x) ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Does pseudo-holomorphic *submanifolds* satisfy unique continuation?

Let $f,g:(D^2,j_\mathrm{std})\to(B^{2n}(1),J)$ be two pseudo-holomorphic maps. The following unique continuation result is well-known (it may be proved using either Aronszajn's Lemma or the Carleman ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Using compactness method to prove the existence of a pathwise solution to an SPDE

For given initial data $u_0\in H^k$ for some $k$, I want to prove the existence of solution to some PDE with multiplicative white noise. I modify the SPDE by regularizing it and then use the ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Second order estimates of Monge-Ampere equations

In order to prove existence of solutions of real and complex Monge-Ampere equations in various modifications (e.g. as in the Calabi problem) one often uses the method of a priori estimates. One of the ...
6
votes
0answers
170 views

Are Sobolev trace spaces equal from both sides of the boundary?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded open set and $\Omega'$ the complement of its closure. Assume $\partial\Omega=\partial\Omega'$. Are the quotient spaces $W^{1,p}(\Omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Compensated compactness for system of conservation laws?

As far as I knew, the method of compensated compactness can be used only for one-dimensional scalar and $2\times 2$ systems of conservation laws, i.e. $u_t+f(u)_x=0$. But if I understood correctly ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Existence of at least one positive solution for semilinear biharmonic equation with critical exponent

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$, $N\geq 5$. Now assume the biharmonic problem with singular term as follow \begin{cases} ‎\Delta^2u=‎‎\lambda ‎‎\dfrac{u}{|x|^4}‎‎+u^{‎p}‎ & ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Continuous time dynamic programming: Quadratic guess for value function

In a control problem like so: $$J = min \int_0^{t_f} Qx^2 + Ru^2 dt $$ $$\dot{x} = Ax + Bu$$ $$x(0) = x_0$$ The regular Linear Quadratic Regulator is attained by asssuming that the optimal value ...
4
votes
1answer
213 views

Theorems that tell if an explicit analytical solution is possible for nonlinear PDEs

Are there any theorems that tell if a particular nonlinear PDE can be solved explicitly by analytical methods? Where analytical methods I refer to methods such as power series or any methods that use ...