Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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2
votes
0answers
76 views

elliptic regularity for Neumann BVP on square

I am interested in the regularity of ellitpic equations like $$ -\Delta u(x) +a(x) \cdot \nabla u(x) + C(x) u(x) =f(x) \quad \Omega$$ with $ \partial_\nu u =0$ on $ \partial \Omega$ where $ ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Minimisers and critical points of variational integrals

In the following we consider $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n\ (n\geq2)$ to be open, bounded and with Lipschitz boundary. Consider the following regular variational integral: \begin{equation*} ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

Explicit Eigenvalues of the Laplacian

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact manifold without boundary. Question: For which $(M,g)$ are the eigenvalues of the Laplace operator on functions explicitly known? An important example is the $n$-sphere ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

regularity for an elasticity problem

Consider $B$ a bounded domain of $\mathbb{R}^3$ with a smooth boundary $\partial B$. Is there any reference for the optimal regularity with respect of the boundary data of the solution of the ...
5
votes
3answers
284 views

A space of distributions vanishing on the boundary

The revised question After more reflection on the problem, I might have found the answer by myself. Let $U$ be an open subset of $M$, irrespective of whether it has a boundary or not. Let $$\mathcal ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Mixed norm estimate for the heat equation

Consider the inhomogeneous linear heat equation $$\partial_tu-\Delta u=F$$ on $\mathbb R^n\times [0,1]$ (say) with zero initial data. Assume $F$ is very nice (say Schwarz), so that we have a nice ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Zeta-Determinant Theorem

Recently, someone asked on MO about lecture notes from Graeme Segal's "Stanford lectures" on TQFT, and the answer was to check here. When scrolling over the notes, I stumpled of Prop. 2.8.2 in ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

General solution to null-divergence equation

I am interested in whether each component of a divergenceless vector can itself be written as a divergence. My motivation for this question is the characterization of so-called trivial conservation ...
6
votes
3answers
244 views

Quantum Mechanics and bilinear optimal control theory

I was wondering whether there are any rigorous results about the optimal controllability of Schrödinger operators. So my question is something like this: Let $i \partial_t \psi(x,t) = ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Changing frames of the tangent bundle with Schwartz functions [closed]

Let's consider two global frames $\{v_{1},....v_{N}\}$ and $\{u_{1},....u_{N}\}$ of the tangent bundle $T\mathbb{R}^N$. Now consider the matrix $\{f_{i,j}\}$that change the frame $\{v_k\}$ to ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Connection between the p and q Laplacians

I'm just looking for some quick and dirty intuition(and/or reading material) about the following: I read that Hodge duality provides a way to interchange the p-Laplacian $ \Delta_p = \nabla\cdot( ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Modified Sine-Gordon on Torus

Has the modified (sign altered) Sine Gordon Equation: $$ \alpha_{ss} + \sin \alpha = 0 $$ been found to have interesting geometrical properties? With symmetric ODE I obtained closed loops on a ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on singular spaces

Consider a compact manifold $M$ with boundary and corner. As an example, we could have the cube $\{(x_1, x_2,..x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n : x_i \in [0,1]\}$. We could very well define the Laplacian ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Numerical methods for solving a hyperbolic nonlinear PDE

What type of numercial methods are there to solve PDE of the sorts of: $$f(x,t,u(x,t))u_{xx} - g(x,t,u(x,t))u_{tt} = F(x,t,u(x,t))$$ $$u(x,0)=G_1(x) , \frac{\partial u(x,0)}{\partial t}=H_1(x) ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Does pseudo-holomorphic *submanifolds* satisfy unique continuation?

Let $f,g:(D^2,j_\mathrm{std})\to(B^{2n}(1),J)$ be two pseudo-holomorphic maps. The following unique continuation result is well-known (it may be proved using either Aronszajn's Lemma or the Carleman ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Using compactness method to prove the existence of a pathwise solution to an SPDE

For given initial data $u_0\in H^k$ for some $k$, I want to prove the existence of solution to some PDE with multiplicative white noise. I modify the SPDE by regularizing it and then use the ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Second order estimates of Monge-Ampere equations

In order to prove existence of solutions of real and complex Monge-Ampere equations in various modifications (e.g. as in the Calabi problem) one often uses the method of a priori estimates. One of the ...
6
votes
0answers
163 views

Are Sobolev trace spaces equal from both sides of the boundary?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded open set and $\Omega'$ the complement of its closure. Assume $\partial\Omega=\partial\Omega'$. Are the quotient spaces $W^{1,p}(\Omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ ...
4
votes
0answers
107 views

Compensated compactness for system of conservation laws?

As far as I knew, the method of compensated compactness can be used only for one-dimensional scalar and $2\times 2$ systems of conservation laws, i.e. $u_t+f(u)_x=0$. But if I understood correctly ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Existence of at least one positive solution for semilinear biharmonic equation with critical exponent

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$, $N\geq 5$. Now assume the biharmonic problem with singular term as follow \begin{cases} ‎\Delta^2u=‎‎\lambda ‎‎\dfrac{u}{|x|^4}‎‎+u^{‎p}‎ & ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Continuous time dynamic programming: Quadratic guess for value function

In a control problem like so: $$J = min \int_0^{t_f} Qx^2 + Ru^2 dt $$ $$\dot{x} = Ax + Bu$$ $$x(0) = x_0$$ The regular Linear Quadratic Regulator is attained by asssuming that the optimal value ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

Theorems that tell if an explicit analytical solution is possible for nonlinear PDEs

Are there any theorems that tell if a particular nonlinear PDE can be solved explicitly by analytical methods? Where analytical methods I refer to methods such as power series or any methods that use ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Reference request for the focussing example

I was reading "From Rotating Needles to Stability of Waves: Emerging Connections between Combinatorics, Analysis, and PDE" by Terence Tao, which is a Notice of the American Mathematical Society Vol. ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

Can Mumford-Shah functional be adapted to lower $L^1$ space?

The well know Mumford-Shah functional functional $$ F(u)=\int_\Omega|\nabla u|^2+\mathcal H^{N-1}(S_u) \tag 1 $$ where $u\in SBV(\Omega)$ and $\nabla u$ is the absolutely continuous part of ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Construct a PDE solution from a net of approximations

Consider $P$ a linear partial differential operator in $\Bbb R ^n$. Consider some boundary condition given in the generic form $C(u) = 0$, that guarantees a unique solution (if any) of $Pu = 0$. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Scaling properties of the Hölder estimate for heat equation

Lately, I have been interested in scaling properties of parabolic equations, and this question is related to an earlier one I asked about Harnack constants. Let $Q(R) := Q(R^2,R) = B(0, R) \times ...
4
votes
2answers
306 views

Vector Fields in a Riemannian Manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Is there a way to classify manifolds where there exists a vector field that commutes with the laplace beltrami operator? Thanks
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Completion of $C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ with norm $\|u\|= \Bigg(\int_{{\mathbb{R}}^N} |\Delta u |^2 \, \mathrm{d}x \Bigg)^{\frac{1}{2}}. $

I have a question that I could not find it any where. Is the completion of $C_0^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ with the respect to norm $$\|u\|= \Bigg(\int_{{\mathbb{R}}^N} |\Delta u |^2 \, ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Heat equation: impact of the diffusion coefficient on the Harnack constant

Consider the heat equation $$ u_t - div[a(x,t) \nabla u] =0,\quad (x,t) \in B(r) \times [-r^2, 0] \subset \mathbb R^{d+1} $$ for a Hölder continuous coefficient $a(x,t)$ satisfying $$ 0<C_o \le ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Under what hypothesis on the domain is the X-ray transform/John transform operator bounded?

I asked this question on math stackexchange, without any reply yet. Link:http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1401580/under-what-hypothesis-is-the-x-ray-transform-john-transform-operator-bounded ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Reference/proof for parabolic Holder spaces property

Suppose that a function $u:[0,1]\times[0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ belongs to the parabolic Holder space $C^{2+\alpha,1+\alpha/2}$, for $\alpha\in(0,1)$. What can be said about $u_x=\partial_x u$? I am not ...
5
votes
0answers
226 views

The Spectrum of certain differential operators

We fix a Hilbert space isomorphism $\phi:H^{1}\to H^{2}$. Here by $H^{s},\;s=1,2,\;$ we mean the sobolev space on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ or $S^{2}$. We consider the following polynomial vector field on ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

The Best Korn's constant for bounded deformation

I am studying the following version of Korn's inequality. For $u\in BD(\Omega)$, $BD$ denotes the bounded deformation space, we have, there exists a $r(u)\in \operatorname{ker}\mathcal E$ such that ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Is there any theory of Hamilton-Jacobi system?

I am curious that is there any theory for (time-dependent) HJ system? I know for HJ equation, we have viscosity solution, which depends heavily on Maximal principle. However, for systems, this seems ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Level Set Advection with Extension Velocity

We're studying the following system of PDEs for a scalar function $F(x, t)$ with $x \in \mathbb{R}^3$ and $t \in \mathbb{R}$. The function $F(\cdot, t)$ is a level set function for a time-dependent ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Real analysis on vector-valued spaces, $L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^N,E)$ ,$H^{s}(\mathbb{R}^N,E)$

I am dealing with some vector-valued Sobolev spaces $H^{s}(\mathbb{R}^N,E)$ where $E$ is a Banach space. I am looking for references about results for the scalar case ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Does this time-dependent trace space have a name?

This question is a follow up to this question. Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be an open connected set. For each $t\in \mathbb{R}^+$ let $u_d:\partial\Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ be in ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Second order differentiability of subharmonic function almost everywhere?

The following general definition of subharmonic function comes from the classical text book [elliptic partial differential equations of second order] by Gilbarg and Trudinger. We call a function $u$ ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Is this function $u\in SBV(\Omega)$ also belongs to $L^\infty(\Omega)$?

Some early discussion can be found here. My question: Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open bounded with smooth boundary. Also $\mathcal H^{N-1}(\partial\Omega))<\infty$. Let $u\in ...
-2
votes
1answer
131 views

Solving a nonlinear PDE numerically

I want to solve numerically the following PDE: $$ u_x + u_t - (u_{xt})^2 = u(x,t) $$ The boundary conditions are no concern of mine, pick the ones that work. So which numerical method will work for ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Parametrices for the wave equation on manifolds with boundary

I am trying to understand parametrices for the solution operator $G_t = \sin(t\Delta)/\Delta$ to the wave equation $$(\partial_{tt} + \Delta)u_t=0, ~~~~~~~ u_0 =0, ~~~~~~\partial_tu_0 = f$$ on a ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Is this set of function belongs to $L^\infty$?

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open bounded with smooth boundary. Let $u\in SBV\cap L^\infty(\Omega)$ be given. We write $$ Du = \nabla u\lfloor \mathcal L^N + (u^+-u^-)\otimes \nu_u\mathcal ...
6
votes
0answers
132 views

Harmonic map heat flow in positive curvature

Suppose I wish to relax/smooth a map $\phi:M\rightarrow N$ between two surfaces $M,N$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$. I could try flowing the map using harmonic heat flow, which (as I understand it) is ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

One parameter family differentiable dependence for linear parabolic pde's

Consider for example, the Black Schole's equation $$ \partial_tu+0.5\sigma^2s^2\partial_{ss}u+rs\partial_su-ru=0 $$ on $[0,T]\times[0,\infty)$ subject to boundary conditions $u(s,T)=f(s)$. The ...
14
votes
3answers
632 views

Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding. Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

A question on theorem 1.1 of Fritz John ultrahyperbolic pde

I have the following paper: Fritz John, The ultrahyperbolic differential equation with four independent variables, Duke Math. J. 4 (1938), no. 2, pages 300-322 doi:10.1215/S0012-7094-38-00423-5 Now ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Derivation of an expression in the Ricci flow on surfaces

Recently I am studying Benett Chow and Dan Knopf's book titled Ricci flow: An Introduction. In Chapter 5 (Ricci flow on surfaces), I am stuck in a straightforward deduction. Maybe it is very simple, ...
0
votes
2answers
314 views

Existence and uniqueness for two-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger equation

I currently have to deal with time-dependent Schrödinger equations in two variables on bounded domains and wanted to find out about uniqueness and existence of solutions. Unfortunately, I am a ...
2
votes
0answers
184 views

One parameter family of elliptic equations

Consider the following 2nd order nonlinear elliptic equation on $\mathbb{R}^n$: $$-\Delta \varphi_\varepsilon + \sum_i a_i(x, \varepsilon)\partial_i \varphi_\varepsilon + \varphi_\varepsilon = ...
5
votes
1answer
376 views

soft: Reference/ Suggested Read: Homological Algebraic techniques in PDEs

I was reading this article on wikipiedia and was interested by the apparent link between Homological Algebra and PDEs. What is an accessible reference which showcases the link between these topics? ...