Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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130 views

Weyl quantization and convexity

Let $C$ be a convex subset of $\mathbb R^{2n}$ and $\mathbf 1_C$ be the characteristic function of $C$. Is it true that $$\forall u\in\mathscr S(\mathbb R^n),\quad \langle\mathbf ...
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185 views

Constant in the Poincare inequality for curl square integrable vector fields

$\newcommand{\v}[1]{\boldsymbol{#1}}$For an $u\in H^1(\Omega) = W^{1,2}(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is Lipschitz, we have $$ {\|u - \frac{1}{\Omega} \int_{\Omega} u\|}_{L^2}\leq C {\|\nabla u \|} $$ ...
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121 views

Compactness of solutions of elliptic equation

Consider the following nonlinear elliptic equation $$ -\triangle u + u + u^3 = g, \quad x \in R^3. $$ If $g \in L^2(R^3)$, then the set $Q$ of solutions of above equation is bounded in $H^2(R^3)$, and ...
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54 views

When can a perturbation be treated as a regular perturbation?

I am working with cauchy problem of the form $$ ( - \partial_t + A^\delta) u^\delta = 0 , \qquad u^\delta(0,x) = h(x), $$ where the domain of $u^\delta$ is $[0,\infty) \times \mathbb{R}$. The ...
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197 views

Convolution Estimates on a Smooth Manifold

Suppose $f,g$ are $a$-Hoelder continuous real-valued functions on some domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ satisfying $$ \|f\|_{C^{0,a}(\bar\Omega)},\|g\|_{C^{0,a}(\bar\Omega)}<\infty. $$ Then ...
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97 views

base change for distributions

For distributions on smooth manifolds one can consider the push-forward which is defined for proper maps, and the pull-back which is defined under certain condition on the wave front set see ...
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157 views

Pitfalls when generalizing the heat kernel of a Riemannian metric

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with some compact quotient under isometries. Associated with the Riemannian metric one has the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ and the heat kernel $p(t,x,y)$ ...
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52 views

elliptic system; bounds on $v$ when $u$ is small

I am interested in the following system $-\Delta u = f(u,v) $ $-\Delta v = g(u,v)$ in $ \Omega$ a bounded domain in $ R^N$ with $ u=v=0$ on the boundary. The solutions are smooth and positive. ...
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111 views

Strichartz estimates over cones

I'm trying to understand Sogge's book Lectures on Non-Linear Wave Equations, the part where he proves global existence for semilinear equations. There is one part he uses the following inequality: ...
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168 views

Weak solution of a certain pde with integral term

Let us consider the following pde on the domain $(0,T)\times(0,1)$ $ \dot{p}(t,x)+v(t)p_{x}(t,x)+v'(t)\int_{0}^{1} \rho(t,s)p_{s}(t,s)\ ds=0 $ with initial data $p(0,x)=p_{0}(x)$ and boundary data ...
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166 views

Is this Stefan-type problem an open problem?

I am looking for a weak-formulation that would give me an existence and uniqueness of a solution of a Stefan-type problem. It is basically a 2-phase Stefan problem in 2D except that the free-boundary ...
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225 views

Strong minimum principle for maximal plurisubharmonic functions

Suppose $u$ is a bounded maximal plurisubharmonic function in a bounded domain $D \in \Bbb C^n$. If $u$ is $C^2$ one can see that $u$ cannot have a local strict minimum inside $D$. Is there an analog ...
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445 views

How to prove that 1 is not an eigenvalue of $T'(x)$?

Given a compact continuous operator $T$ from a Banach space $V_1$ to itself and $T$ maps a convex closed bounded set $\mathcal{B}$ into itself, how can we show that 1 is not an eigenvalue of $T'(x)$ ...
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292 views

Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator $$ \mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x})) $$ where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...
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200 views

A regularity question on the Beltrami equation $ f_\bar{z} =\mu . f_z$ on $D$

Hello, This question is related to Chapter V, lemma 3 on page 54 of Lars Ahlfors' 'Lectures on Quasiconformal mappings' which states : If $\mu:\mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{D} \in W^{1,p}(\mathbb{C}), p ...
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67 views

decay for spatially discrete parabolic equations with non-constant non-self-adjoint right hand side

Consider the following uniformly parabolic lattice differential equation $ \begin{array}{ccc} \dot{u}_{n,m} & = & \alpha_{n,m}(u_{n+1,m} - u_{n,m}) + \beta_{n,m}(u_{n-1,m}-u_{n,m}) \\ & ...
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234 views

Geometric description of Jacobi's theorem on complete integrals of HJ eqn.

I am not sure if this question is adapted to this site, if it is not, then I will delete it. The Hamilton--Jacobi theory is about the connection between: the solutions of an Hamilton--Jacobi ...
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347 views

Maximum principle for heat eq. with boundary conditions on derivatives

The Maximum principle for parabolic eq. is based on the fact that the boundary conditions are given on u. How can this Maximum principle be used, when having boundary conditions including ...
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190 views

References? Stability of the Cauchy problem for elliptic and backward-parabolic operators.

Dear community. I'm looking for survey articles about recent and old results about stability for the elliptic and backward-parabolic Cauchy problem. For example: Take $\partial_t u + ...
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228 views

Can the solution manifold for an exterior differential system be represented using alternating multivectors?

Differential equations can be written as an ideal of n-forms. Solutions are manifolds where the forms pull back to zero. Is it possible, or useful, to represent the solution by multivectors? For ...
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893 views

Existence of solution for Poisson problem with pure Neumann BCs

Hello all, Does the following boundary value problem admit unique solutions $q$: $- \Delta q + \beta q = f$, $x \in \Omega$ $ \nabla q \cdot \vec{n} = g $, $x \in \Gamma := \partial \Omega$, ...
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18 views

How can one use stability analaysis of finite differences methods in linear Schrodinger to the NLS?

Specifically, I've seen a lot of analysis of grid stability for solving Linear Schrodinger with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson. However, most of the usages I've seen for the same ...
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29 views

Time decay for Hartree equation with Coulomb potential

Are there any time-decay results for the solution of the Hartree equation \begin{equation}\frac{1}{i}\partial_t\phi-\Delta\phi=-(|x|^{-1}\ast|\phi|^2)\phi,\quad x\in\mathbb{R}^3\end{equation} in ...
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25 views

properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...
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34 views

Thesis of Serge Resnick - Dynamical Problems in Non-Linear Advetive Partial Differential Equations

I'm seeking the thesis Dynamical Problems in Non-Linear Advetive Partial Differential Equations by Serge Resnick. In the virtual library of The University of Chicago ...
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36 views

Integrability of $D^2u$ for $\infty$-harmonic function $u$?

Consider infinity harmonic functions; that is, functions satisfying $\Delta_\infty u = 0$ with $$\Delta_\infty u = \langle Du, D^2 u \, Du \rangle = \sum_{i,j} \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_i \, ...
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46 views

Guassian upper bound of the heat kernel implies ultracontrativity?

For spaces satisfies uniformlly local doubling and Poincare inequality (for example, Riemannian manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below RCD(K,N)). By Sturm's paper, we have bounds on the heat ...
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44 views

Why is it impossible to reduce a linear PDE of the second order in more than two independent variables to canonical form globally

It is known that in the case of more than two independent variables, it is usually not possible (especially in the case of PDE with the variable coefficients) to reduce a linear partial differential ...
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47 views

Interpolation with time continuity

If $u(x,t)$ is a function depends on $x\in\Omega$ and $t\in[0,T]$. The following result could be found in L.C. Evans's book "PDE". Suppose $u\in L^2(0,T;H_0^1(\Omega))$, with $u_t\in ...
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43 views

Solvability and uniqueness of Fokker-Planck BVP

I have been searching for solvability for the following BVP, I believe that this is a Fokker Planck's equation but I can't find any comprehensible text on existence and uniqueness of the solutions of ...
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51 views

Closure of partial differential operators on $L^2(\Omega)$

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ open set. Consider an $\textit{uniformly elliptic}$ second order differential operator on $L^2(\Omega,\mathbb{C})$ $$ H=\sum_{|\alpha|\le 2}C_\alpha\partial^\alpha $$ ...
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93 views

A parabolic PDE with Lipschitz nonlinearity, how to obtain well-posedness?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (or more generally a compact manifold). I'm interested in well-posedness (existence most importantly) of equations of the form $$u_t(t) - ...
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27 views

When is Dirichlet solution from disk to Riemannian manifold Holder continuous near the boundary?

$D$ is the two-dimensional unit disk. $X$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Let$\phi \in W^{1,2}(D,X)$ and define $$ W^{1,2}_{\phi}=\{v \in W^{1,2}(D,X):Trace(v)=Trace(\phi)\} $$ Let $$ ...
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88 views

Localized convolution operators

Take our favorite differential operator $\Delta$ on $\mathbb{R}^3$. Module a constant, we can represent its inverse (in some sense) by a convolution operator, namely $$\Delta^{-1}f=f*\frac{1}{|x|}.$$ ...
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54 views

Mean value formula for high order elliptic operators

Weyl's lemma says any distributionally harmonic function $u\in L^1_{\text{loc}}$ is harmonic. One way to prove it is as follows. Take radially symmetric compactly supported and smooth approximation ...
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63 views

Invertibility of Paneitz operator on a compact manifold without boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of any even dimension that we assume compact and without boundary and $P_g$ the Paneitz operator in the metric $g$. The question is the following: how to define a ...
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86 views

Solvable PDEs and their Green's functions

I have a class of PDEs of the form $$ -\Box\phi(x)+\lambda\phi_0^2(x)\phi(x)=0 $$ with $\phi_0^2(x)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty b_ne^{ip_n\cdot x}$. I know some exact solutions for them (see here and ...
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91 views

Does the Laplace-Beltrami/surface gradient commute with orthogonal projection? (related to Galerkin method)

Let $\Gamma$ be a $C^k$ $(n-1)$-dimensional hypersurface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $H=L^2(\Gamma)$ and $V=H^1(\Gamma)$. Suppose that $\{v_j\}$ is a basis for $H$ and $V$ (not necessarily ...
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36 views

Well-posedness of a Stefan problem with Faedo-Galerkin approach

Given a domain $\Omega$ which is divided by $\Omega_1(t)$ and $\Omega_2(t)$ and the interface $\Gamma(t)$, does anyone have a reference to where a Stefan problem of the type $$\frac{d}{dt}H(u) - ...
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68 views

Dirichlet integral of harmonic functions on manifold controlled by radius?

M is an n($\ge2$)-dim Riemannian manifold with Ricci curvature bounded below. $\Omega$ is a domain in M. $$\Delta u=0, x\in \Omega;u=f ,x\in \partial \Omega$$ f is Lipschitz. Is there a constant c ...
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64 views

Harmonic/functional analysis question: Uniform bounds for $(1 - \varepsilon\Delta)^{-1}$ as $\varepsilon\to 0$?

Is there a space $X$, compactly embedded in $H^{-1}(R^2)$, such that the operators $(1 - \varepsilon \Delta)^{-1}$ are bounded from $L^1(R^2)$ into $X$, with operator norms that are in turn bounded by ...
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63 views

$|\nabla f|^2 \in W^{1,2}(M)$ for harmonic function f on manifolds with two nonparabolic ends?

We know that if a complete noncompact manifold M has two nonparabolic ends, then we can construct a nonconstant bounded harmonic function with finite Dirichlet integral defined on the whole M. ...
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220 views

Analytic solution of Poisson's equation

Consider Poisson's equation $\nabla^2 u = 1$ on a square of side-length 1 centered at the origin. Cut out a circle of radius 1/3 at the center of this square. Impose a von Neumann boundary condition ...
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133 views

Cheeger-Gromov-Taylor theory on manifolds with boundary

I was reading the paper "Finite propagation speed, kernel estimates for functions of the Laplace operator, and the geometry of complete Riemannian manifolds" by Cheeger, Gromov and Taylor and I am ...
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148 views

Can a function be constructed from the direction of its gradient?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded region in $R^n$ and $J\in (L^2(\Omega))^n$ with $|J| \leq 1$ a.e. in $\Omega$. Under what conditions the equation $Du=J|Du|$, $u|_{\partial \Omega}=f$ has a solution in a ...
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129 views

If $\phi_n$ is a sequence of mollifier converging to the identity, does $\inf f\ast \phi_n \to \inf f$?

Let $\phi_n$ be a sequence of mollifier converging to the identity $$ \phi_n(x) \to \delta_{0}(x), \text{pointwise}, $$ with $\delta_{0}(\cdot)$ the delta function at zero, and $\phi_n \in ...
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66 views

PDE with periodic solution with Galerkin method

Can anyone give me a reference to where I cacn find existence of solutions to parabolic PDE (eg. a standard linear PDE) with initial and end conditions $u(0) = u(T) = u_0$ so that periodic solutions ...
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81 views

Interpretation of this PDE solving method needed

I am working on an open source project that deals with the usage of lie groups to solve first order differential equations. For my reference, I am using this paper by Maple (It is there on this ...
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49 views

partial maximum principle for elliptic differential operators

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed, smooth Riemannian manifold. Let $P$ be a self-adjoint, elliptic differential operator defined on $C^\infty(M)$ with smooth coefficients. Suppose as well that the lowest ...
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69 views

Parabolic PDE; uniform bound on approximations $u'_n$ in $L^2(0,T;V^*)$ without using orthogonal basis?

Let $V \subset H \subset V^*$ be a Gelfand triple, all Hilbert and separable spaces. I consider the PDE with weak form: find $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;V')$ such that $$\langle u'(t), ...