# Tagged Questions

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votes

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155 views

### Caffarelli-Silvestre extension definition of fractional Laplace-Beltrami on hypersurface

Let $\Gamma \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be a $n$-dimensional (closed) $C^k$-hypersurface. Consider the problem
$$\nabla_\Gamma \cdot (y^{1-2s}\nabla_\Gamma u)(x,y) =0 \quad \text{for $(x,y) \in \Gamma ...

**2**

votes

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114 views

### Existence of solution to weak form of linear equation with boundary integral (parabolic PDE)

Let $W(0,T) := \{ u \in L^2(0,T;H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)) \mid u_t \in L^2(0,T;H^{-\frac{1}{2}}(\partial\Omega))\}$. Let $\gamma$ and $\xi$ denote the trace map and its right inverse.
Does there ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Introduction to free boundary problems (that are not Stefan problems)

Could someone recommend some notes/papers that deal with existence/regularity of free boundary problems arising from parabolic equations (excluding Stefan type equations)?
I am thinking of eg. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Better Sobolev inequality holds in this case when assuming doubling and Poincare inequality?

Let $X$ be a Polish space and let $m$ be a locally finite Borel measure on $X$.
Let $\epsilon$ be a strongly local, regular Dirichlet form on $L^2(X,m)$ with Domain $V :=\{f\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Reference request: functional analysis results used in Taubes paper (1980)

I'm studying Taubes paper 'Arbitrary N-vortex solutions to the first order Ginzburg-Landau equations'. I'm looking for a reference of three following theorems:
Let $f(x)$ be a convex funtional ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Properties of solutions of Parabolic type equations

Assume $u\in C([0,1],L^{2})$ satisfies the following Schrodinger equation
$$
\partial_t u=i(\Delta u+Vu), \text{in} ~\mathbb{R}^n\times[0,1],\\
u(0)=u_{0}.
$$
with $V=V_1(x)+V_2(x,t)$, where $V_{1}$ ...

**2**

votes

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87 views

### Uniform upper bound for dim of kernel and codimension of range of certain familly of PDE

A polynomial vector field of degree $n$ on $S^{2}$ is the Poincare compactification of a $n$ degree polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$.It is a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which ...

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votes

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140 views

### Is Laplacian a surjective operator?

For a closed manifold the laplacian is almost surjective operator since the index of $\Delta$ is zero and there is no a non constant harmonic function. So the codimension of the image ...

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79 views

### Solve a PDE related to free boundary problem

I would like to solve the following system for my problem:
$$\max\Big(\frac{1}{2}u_{ss}+u_l\delta(s-s_0), F(l)-\lambda(s)-u(s,l)\Big)=0.$$
where $u=u(s,l): R\times R_+\to R$ is the unknown function ...

**2**

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**0**answers

140 views

### Newtonian potential for continuous $f$

Suppose $f(x)$ is a continuous compactly supported function in $ R^N$ where $N \ge 3$.
Consider the Newtonian potential of $f$ (at least I think this is what it is called)
$$ v(x)=\int_{R^N} ...

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votes

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68 views

### Approximating a superharmonic function, by smooth superharmonic functions

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^N$ be a bounded smooth domain. Assume that $u\in W_0^{1,2}(\Omega)$, $u\ge 0$ and $-\Delta u\ge 0$ in the sense of distributions ($u$ is superharmonic).
The standard ...

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**0**answers

111 views

### Variant form of the gronwall inequality

I know the following statement for gronwall inequality:
Given $f$ non negative and absolutely continuous on $[0;T]$ and $\phi \in L^1(0;T)$if we have,
$f' \leq \phi f$ and $f(0)=0$ then $f=0$
Now is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Holder continuity of Poisson equation with divergence free drift

I am interested in the following PDE.
Suppose $u_m$ is a smooth solution of a elliptic equation of the form
$$ -\Delta u_m(x) + a_m(x) \cdot \nabla u_m(x) = f_m(x) \qquad B_1 $$ with $ u_m=0 $ on ...

**2**

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122 views

### Variational inequality on Manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Consider $A : W^{1,r}(M,\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow W^{-1,r'}(M,\mathbb{R}), k \mapsto Ak$, where $Ak$ is defined by $(Ak)(\varphi) = \int_{M}g(\nabla k, \nabla ...

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169 views

### Showing $\langle \frac{\partial b(v)}{\partial t}, v \rangle_{H^{-1}(\Omega), H^1(\Omega)} = \frac{d}{dt}\int_{\Omega}\Psi^*(b(v))$

Let $b$ be continuous and increasing with $b(0) = 0$. Define $\Psi(t) = \int_0^t b(s)\;ds$ and $\Psi^*(s) = \sup_{r \in \mathbb{R}} (sr-\Psi(r))$.
(Note $\Psi^*(b(s)) + \Psi(s) = sb(s)$).
Let $v ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Minimizing some $H^{-1}$ functional over (a subset of) probability densities in $R^d$

Let me consider the following subset of probability measures in $R^d$
$$
\mathcal{K}_M=\left\{0\leq u(x)\in L^1(R^d):\quad \int u(x)dx =1,\,\int|x|^2u(x)dx\leq M,\,\int u(x)|\log u(x)|dx\leq M\right\}
...

**2**

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181 views

### Reference request: optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to $-\Delta u=f$ with $f\in L^1(R^d)$

The tilte says it all. Given $f\in L^1(R^d)$ (let me restrict to dimension $d\geq 3$ for convenience), what is the optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to
$$
-\Delta u=f\hspace{3cm}(1)?
$$
I'm of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### $C^0$ estimates in wrapped Lagrangian Floer cohomology

Let $(M, d\theta, \theta, Z)$, be an exact Liouville domain, where $Z$ is the Liouville vector field and $\theta$ is the primitive of the symplectic form. Let $\bar{M}$, be the symplectic completion ...

**2**

votes

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91 views

### Changing the test function space in a weak formulation of parabolic PDE

Suppose we are interested in the existence of a $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;V^*)$ such that
$$(u(T),\varphi(t))_H -\int_0^T \langle \varphi'(t), u(t) \rangle_{V^*,V} + \int_0^T ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### A parabolic PDE with Lipschitz nonlinearity, how to obtain well-posedness?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (or more generally a compact manifold). I'm interested in well-posedness (existence most importantly) of equations of the form
$$u_t(t) - ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Is a certain set of periodic solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equations closed generically?

I would be interested to know if a certain set of periodic solutions for
the two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations is closed generically.
Many similar (yet not identical) set-ups can be found in the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### geometric irregularities in pde's

The following question is intended for a person more acquainted with the works of Yves Laurent.
see: http://archive.numdam.org/article/ASENS_1987_4_20_3_391_0.pdf (French)
...

**2**

votes

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110 views

### How to show the identity $\int_0^T \int_{\Gamma(t)}f(s,t)\;dsdt = \int_S f(\sigma)(1+(\mathbf w \cdot \mathbf n)^2)^{-\frac{1}{2}}\;d\sigma$?

I am reading this paper.
Let $\Gamma(t)$ be a smooth closed connected oriented hypersurface for each $t \in [0,T]$. Define the set $$S = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma(t) \times \{t\}.$$
On page 5 of ...

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**0**answers

145 views

### Estimates on gradients of diffusion semigroups

Consider the Dirichlet or Neumann Laplacian on a manifold with boundary. Suppose we have some estimate of the form
$$||e^{t\Delta} f||_{L^p} \leq C(t)||f||_{L^q}$$ for some $p, q$. For a specific ...

**2**

votes

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98 views

### Almost a Green formula

Let $\Omega$ be the half-space $\mathbb{R}^{n-1}\times \{ x_n>0 \}$, let $v \in L^2(\Omega)$ and $\phi\in \mathcal{C}^{\infty}(\overline{\Omega})$ with compact support in $\overline{\Omega}$. What ...

**2**

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78 views

### Deduce global estimate from scaling-invariant local estimate

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold, with finite volume (or compactly exhausted, or any nice condition you would like, except for compactness). Suppose I have a tensor $T$ on $M$ of which ...

**2**

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100 views

### slightly subcritical elliptic pde; the linearized equations

Let $ p_m \nearrow \frac{N+2}{N-2}$ and consider the family of elliptic problems
$$-\Delta u_m(x)=u_m(x)^{p_m} \quad B \qquad \quad u_m =0 \quad \partial B,$$ where $B$ is the unit ball ...

**2**

votes

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192 views

### Reference on a Monge-Ampère-like equation

We recently realized that a geometric questions of interest to us is strongly related to the regularity of solutions of the following simple equation on the unit disk in $R^2$:
$$ \det(Hess(w))=1~, $$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Existence of harmonic maps between loops

Given a Riemannian manifold $M$ and two smooth loops $\gamma_0, \gamma_1: S^1 \longrightarrow M$ in it, I am looking for maps $\phi: [0, T] \times S^1 \longrightarrow M$ which minimize the energy
...

**2**

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**0**answers

121 views

### localization of the $L^p$ variation for heat equation

I'm struggling with yet another question for the classical heat equation in the whole space $R^d$. This question seems basic at first sight, but I think it is nontrivial in the end so here it is.
The ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Why pseudoconvexity is important in Partial differential equation theory?

I am a new researcher in mathematics and I work on convexity. Are convexity and pseudoconvexity related topics and in which respect to PDE theory ? One of the important results in PDE theory is the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### A contradiction to do with continuity? (involves chain rule)

Suppose for each $t$, $S(t) \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a domain (hypersurface). We have a diffeomorphism $D^0_t:S(0) \to S(t)$ for each $t$ such that it solves the ODE
$$\frac{d}{dt}D^0_t(\cdot) = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Elliptic equations with divergence-free drift terms

Given
$\
\mathbf{u}\cdot \nabla c=\Delta c-a_{1}c+\rho \text{ on }\Omega $ with a $\Omega \subset
%TCIMACRO{\U{211d} }
%BeginExpansion
\mathbb{R}
%EndExpansion
^{2}$ bounded, $div$$(\mathbf{u})=0$, ...

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votes

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105 views

### Helmhotz decomposition and Regularity in Stokes equation

It is known that every function $f\in L^{q}(\Omega )^{n}$ can be uniquely
decomposed as
\begin{eqnarray*}
\
f=f_{0}+\nabla Q, \text{ (Helmhotz decomposition)}
\
\end{eqnarray*} with $f_{0}\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### A microlocal representation for quantum operator dynamics

In Maciej Zworski's book $\textit{Semiclassical Analysis}$, an important step in proving $L^p$ bounds on quasimodes is deriving a microlocal oscillatory integral representation formula for families of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Inclusions between $L^p$ continuous functions and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

Working in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$, consider on the one hand the space of continuous $L^{p}$ functions (let's use $V$ to denote this space), and on the other the family $\{ F_ {\alpha}^{p, q} \}_{\alpha, q}$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### Idea behind distributional solutions

I have a problem understanding the meaning of a distributional solution. Let me tell you the context the problem appeared: I read thorugh some papers by DiPerna and Lions concerning the Cauchy Problem ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### linear operator associated with semilinear elliptic pde

I am reading a paper where at some point they analyse the following linear operator:
$$L_\lambda(\phi)= - \Delta \phi - C_\lambda(x) \phi$$
where $ C_\lambda(x)>0$ (smooth) in $ \Omega$ a bounded ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Regularity of solution of nonlinear equation

Hi!
Let $L$ be a linear elliptic operator of order $4$ with smooth and bounded coefficients on the ball
$B_1$ of $R^{2n}$ and let $N\in C_{loc}^{0,\alpha}(R^{3})$.
Let $f\in C^{0,\alpha}(B_1)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

664 views

### Nonlinear PDE and Green functions

This is somewhat of a curiosity that can hide somewhat deeper. For a Green function of a nonlinear PDE I mean something like
$$
\partial^2\phi+V(\phi)=\delta^D(x).
$$
I do not know if a real ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Existence of solutions to a reaction-diffusion problem.

Consider the problem of finding a bounded classical solution $u:\mathbb{R}\times [0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ (such that $u$ is continuous and $u_t$, $u_x$ and $u_{xx}$ exist and are continuous on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Similarity solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation

This problem arose in the course of a theoretical physics project. We seek (complex) solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation
$$u_t-iu u_x-iu_{H,xx}=0$$
where $u_H(x,t)$ denotes the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

366 views

### A problem about Joint sine and cosine fourier transform

There is a problem on Page 60 of Book of B.M.Budak, A. A. Samarskii and A. N. Tikhonov, whose title is A Collection of Problems in Mathematical Physics (New York, Dover, 1964). The problem (the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### P-laplacian equation

Hi guys,
in what sense the p-Laplacian is degenerate for p greater than 2 and singular for p smaller than 2 ?
Thank you!

**2**

votes

**0**answers

212 views

### Extension divergence-free, curl-converging vector field

Hi.
Consider a smooth open Set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ and a bounded sequence of vector fields $(u_n)_n \in L^2(\Omega)$ having $0$ divergence. I know how to extend this sequence to the whole ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Multivalued solution of PDE ${v_{xx}v_{yy}-v_{xy}^{2}}={(1+v_{x}^{2}+v_{y}^{2})^2}$

Let's start with a definition:
Definition: A scalar k-th order differential equation on a smooth manifold $M$,
is $F(x,v,\frac{\partial {^\left | \sigma \right |}v}{\partial x^\sigma })=0 $
for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Convergence rate of iterated nonlinear equations?

For $i=1, \dots, n$ ($n$ could be large) we have variables $x_i$ and $y_i$ relating to probability bounds s.t. $x_i, y_i \geq 0, x_i+y_i \leq 1 \; \forall i$. Each $i$ has a constant $\theta_i$, and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform II

This is a modification of a previous question.
Question: Suppose $a(s)\in C^\infty([0,1])$ and $H(s,x)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ with $H(s,x)>0$, $\forall s,x\in [0,1]$. Suppose,
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality in exterier domain

In $\mathbb{R}^N$, we know that the best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg is characterized by the solution $Q$ of $-\Delta u+u=|u|^2u$ with minimal mass. One have
$||u||_4^4\leq C||u||_2||\nabla ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

337 views

### Constant in the Poincare inequality for curl square integrable vector fields

$\newcommand{\v}[1]{\boldsymbol{#1}}$For an $u\in H^1(\Omega) = W^{1,2}(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is Lipschitz, we have
$$
{\|u - \frac{1}{\Omega} \int_{\Omega} u\|}_{L^2}\leq C
{\|\nabla u \|}
$$
...