Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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91 views

A linear operator equation (PDE) with non-monotone term

I'm interested in the existence and/or uniqueness to the following problem. Let $V$ and $H$ be Hilbert spaces and $V \subset H \subset V^*$ form a Gelfand triple. There is a linear operator $L:{D}(L) ...
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59 views

presence of turbulent phenomena in systems of linear pde?

Are there linear systems of PDE that are known to have solutions which exhibit turbulence, or can turbulence be firmly classified as a fundamentally non-linear phenomenon, similar to solitons or shock ...
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34 views

Does the following measurable Halmilton-Jacobian equation admit a Lipschitz solution?

I have the following question: Let $F:\Omega\times \mathbb{R}^n\to [0,\infty)$ be a convex Finsler norm, which means that $F(x,\cdot)$ is convex with respect to the second variable. $F(\cdot,v)$ ...
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99 views

Half Laplacian; (definitions of) and regularity

I have a question regarding the half Laplacian $ (-\Delta )^\frac{1}{2}$ on some smooth bounded domain $ \Omega$ in $R^N$. I am attempting to clarify some confusion with the various definitions. ...
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87 views

Laplacian mapping on various function spaces

I have a question related to a certain elliptic operator on $R^N$ but I think i can clarify my confusion if I just consider the Laplacian $\Delta$ on the unit ball in $R^N$. If $ 1 <p< ...
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137 views

Stokes operator without dirichlet boundary condition

Let $\Omega$ be a domain, then the following stokes operator is quite well known : $\mathcal{H} \rightarrow \mathcal{V}_{\sigma} $ $f \rightarrow u$ such that $ - \Delta u = f $ where $ ...
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111 views

Compact embedding

Let $\Omega$ be a domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$ (not necessarily bounded, no regularity assumption) and $K \subset \Omega$ a compact. Is it true that the embedding $H^1_0(\Omega) \rightarrow ...
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77 views

$L^p$ norm of solution to porous medium equation decreases in time: how to make formal calculation rigorous?

Let $u \in C^0([0,\infty);L^1(M)) \cap W^{1,1}_{\text{loc}}((0,\infty);L^1(M))$ with $u(t) \in H^1(M)$ for a.e. $t$ be the solution of the porous medium equation $\dot u = \Delta (u^m)$ on a compact ...
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73 views

Comparison principle using truncation for porous medium equation

For a porous medium equation (eg. $u_t - \Delta \Phi(u) = f$), is it possible to obtain a comparison principle for very weak solutions (eg. if $u_0 \geq 0$ and $f \geq 0$ then $u \geq 0$ a.e.) using ...
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162 views

Is this function space a “classical” Sobolev space?

I apologise if this is indeed classical but my functional analysis is quite rusty... My work recently led me to the norm: $(\|u\|_p)^p=\int_D (|u|^p+|\Delta u|^p)d\lambda$ where $D$ is the unit disk ...
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49 views

Well-posedness of a certain linear Cauchy-problem

I am interested in solutions to the linear Cauchy problem $$\Bigl(\frac{\partial^2}{\partial t^2} + a(t, x)\frac{\partial}{\partial t} + \sum_{j=1}^n b_j(t, x) \frac{\partial}{\partial x_j}\Bigr)u(t, ...
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85 views

A question on the maximum principle for Schrodinger operators

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold, and $L=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrodinger operator, $V\in C^{\infty}(M)$. In answers to the two questions (First eigenvalue of Schrödinger operator is simple 1 ...
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111 views

Estimate the smallest eigenvalue of a Schrodinger operator

There are several results on the estimate of the number of negative eigenvalues of a Schrodinger operator, see a recent paper of Grigor'yan-Nadirashvili-Sire and references therein. I wonder how to ...
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86 views

On the proof of a $W^{2,p}$ estimate - regularity on eliptic PDE

I see this proof on http://www.math.uiowa.edu/~lwang/cccalderon.pdf and I couldn't understand what he did. If $||f||_{L^p(B_{4})} = \delta$ is small and the measure $|\{ x \in B_1; ...
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75 views

Limit Toward Discontinuous Point of Dirichlet Boundary Value

The question arises from a paper on Schwarz's domain decomposition method (click here). We consider a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and a curve splits it into two, see the figure below. Now we ...
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50 views

Lyapunov Schmidt; basic example

I am attempting to understand the Lyapunov-Schmidt method with a simple example but I am running into trouble. Here is the example I am considering. Suppose $ v>0$ satisfies $ -\Delta v - v=0 $ ...
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104 views

Showing a normal-derivative operator is a (sort of) contraction (related to Crandall-Liggett and PDEs)

Denote by $\mathbb{E}(g)$ the solution of the PDE $$\Delta v(x,y) = 0 \quad\text{in $\Omega$}$$ $$v(x,0) = g(x) \quad\text{on $\partial\Omega$}.$$ Let $X=L^1(\partial\Omega)$. Let $h(t)$ be a ...
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36 views

Does there exist a base $\{e_j\}_{j\geq 1}$ of $H(\Omega)$ such that $\{e_j\}_{j\geq 1}$ is linearly independent in $L^2(\omega)^d$?

Does there exist a base $\{e_j\}_{j\geq 1}$ of $H(\Omega)$ such that $\{e_j\}_{j\geq 1}$ is linearly independent in $L^2(\omega)^d$? Where $\omega\subset\subset \Omega$ with $\Omega$ is a $C^2$ ...
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101 views

on high order Laplacian

Roughly speaking, we have good understanding of the solution to heat equation $u_t-\Delta u=0$, on bounded or unbounded domain. For example, we know the decay rate, we know it generates analytic ...
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88 views

Boundary gradient estimate

Assume $U$ is the unit disk and $\bar U$ its closure and let $u\in C^2(U)\cap C(\bar U)$ be a real function, with $u(z)=0$ for $z\in \partial U$. If $$|\Delta u|\le A|\nabla u|^2+g(z),$$ for some ...
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103 views

Passing to the limit in a PDE (subsequence problems)

For $w \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$, consider the PDE $$\int u'(t)v(t) + \int g(w(t))\nabla u(t) \nabla v(t) = \int f(t) v(t)\quad \forall v \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$$ where $u \in H^1(0,T;L^2)\cap L^2(0,T;H^1)$, and ...
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115 views

Bound for a certain integral expression

I am working to establish an estimate in $X^{s,b}$ spaces to prove local well-posedness of a certain equation, and I need to consider some sub-cases. In particular, I wish to show that the following ...
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117 views

A parabolic PDE with Lipschitz nonlinearity, how to obtain well-posedness?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (or more generally a compact manifold). I'm interested in well-posedness (existence most importantly) of equations of the form $$u_t(t) - ...
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97 views

How to use, $(|u|^{2}u - |v|^{2}v)(s)= (u-v)|u|^{2}(s)+ v(|u|^{2}-|v|^{2}) (s)$; to prove contraction in a Banach space $C([0,T]; M^{p,1})$?

(May be this is very basic question for MO) (For details or this question you may see the paper page no. 9, MR2506839, Local well-posedness of nonlinear dispersive equations on modulation spaces; ...
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80 views

Regularity of weak solutions for a quasilinear problem

Theorem 6.2.7 in the book Nonlinear Analisis of Gasisnski and Papageorgiou states: If $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega)\cap L^\infty(\Omega)$ and $\Delta_pu \in L^\infty(\Omega)$ then we have $u\in ...
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107 views

Weak periodic solution of parabolic PDE

Take $$ u_t(t) + A(t)u(t) = f(t), $$ $$ u(0) = u(T), $$ where $A$ is an linear elliptic operator and the first equation is an equality in $L^2(0,T;V^*)$ for $V \subset H \subset V^*$ Hilbert triple. ...
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120 views

Half-wave group $e^{it\sqrt{-\Delta_g}}$ for large $t$

Consider the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta_g$ on compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, then $e^{it\sqrt{-\Delta_g}}f$ is the solution of the following Cauchy problem. $$ ...
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182 views

Reverse Holder Inequality and the higher integrability of the gradient of a solution to Euler's equation for a certain functional

In Giaquinta-Giusti's (1978) paper "Nonlinear Elliptic Systems with Elliptic Growth" (thm 1.1) they consider the following system: \begin{equation} \sum_{i, j=1}^{n}\sum_{\alpha, ...
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146 views

Comparison principle for partial differential equation with singular coefficients

How (or if) a comparison principle works in the case of equations singular at some point? For example, I am analyzing a partial differential equation $$ ...
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43 views

Rational homogenous functions

I'm interested in the set $\mathcal{S}$ of rational functions $F \colon \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}$ verifying: \begin{align} \Delta F=0 \quad \text{et} \quad F(\lambda x)= \lambda^d F(x) \quad d \in ...
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63 views

Existence of harmonic maps between loops

Given a Riemannian manifold $M$ and two smooth loops $\gamma_0, \gamma_1: S^1 \longrightarrow M$ in it, I am looking for maps $\phi: [0, T] \times S^1 \longrightarrow M$ which minimize the energy ...
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75 views

Analyticity of one-dimensional PDE solutions with respect to the space variable

Let $n>1$ and $u$ be a solution of a linear PDE with constant coefficients $$ u_t-\sum_{k=0}^n a_k \partial_x^k u=0,\quad a_k\in \mathbb C,\quad a_n\ne0, $$ in some neighborhood of a point ...
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135 views

Focusing NLS: $L^2$ convergence of a solution as $t\rightarrow +\infty$

Consider the cubic focusing non linear Schrodinger equation in dimension $n\geq 2$: $$(iu_t+\Delta)=-|u|^2u\qquad u(0,x)=u_0(x)\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$$ Can we find an initial data $u_0\neq 0$ such ...
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104 views

localization of the $L^p$ variation for heat equation

I'm struggling with yet another question for the classical heat equation in the whole space $R^d$. This question seems basic at first sight, but I think it is nontrivial in the end so here it is. The ...
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132 views

Extension of solutions of PDE

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{2}$ be an open set such that $\mathbf{0} \in \Omega$. Let $A := \Omega \setminus (\{0\}\times \mathbb{R})$, that is, $A$ is $\Omega$ with the $y$-axis removed. Let ...
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128 views

How to pick out harmonics based on boundary conditions?

(..this is almost a continuation of my last question (which got closed!)...) Let me first rewrite one of the main results of this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf in a coordinate ...
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45 views

parabolic PDE with pseudomonotone operators

I am looking for a reference where well-posedness of problems $$u_t + A(t)u = f$$ is addressed via the Galerkin method where $A$ is a pseudomonotone operator. I am aware that Roubicek's book ...
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88 views

Elliptic problem on half space; infinite boundary values; Liouville theorem

In a the study of a boundary value problem the following problem is arising: $-\Delta v(x)= e^{v(x)}$ in $ R^N_+$ $v= - \infty$ $\qquad $ on $ \partial R^N_+$ $ \qquad $ $ v \le 0$ in $ R^N_+$. ...
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179 views

local existence for a singular quasilinear parabolic equation

I'm considering the following type of PDE: $u_{t}=u_{xx}+u_{x}+u_{x}^2+u_{x}^3+\frac{u_{x}}{x(1-x)}+\left(\frac{u_{x}}{x(1-x)}\right)^3$ with periodic boundary conditions $u_{x}(0,t)=u_{x}(1,t)=0$, ...
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70 views

Kernel of perturbation of biharmonic operator

Suppose we have a linear fourth order operator defined on $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ with $n\geq2$ of the form: $$\mathcal{L}(f)=\Delta^{2}f+\sum_{i,j=1}^{2n}P_{ij}(x)\partial_{i}\partial_{j}f$$ with ...
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325 views

A variation of Poisson's equation in cylindrical coordinates

Our team of undergraduate physicists are familiar with finding numerical approximations to the following Poisson-like PDE central to our plasma research in a torus: $\nabla^2 V = \frac{f(V)}{R^2}$ ...
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58 views

Checking initial condition of PDE is satisfied in Galerkin method

I asked this question here: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/416885/checking-initial-condition-of-pde-is-satisfied-in-galerkin-method But I did not receive the solution so I post it here. The ...
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81 views

Generalized bilinear estimates

Hello. Let $ X^{s,b} $ be the Bourgain space generated by $ \tau - \xi^3 $. It is proved that, for $ s\in (-\frac{1}{2}, 0] $, we have $$ \|(u^2)_x\| _{X^{s,b'-1}} \leq c \|u\|_{X^{s,b}} ...
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69 views

h-oscillating function

I need help understanding the following condition: $u_h\in L^2(\mathbb{T}^d)$, $\|u_h\|_{L^2(\mathbb{T}^d)}=1$, where $h$ is the semiclassical parameter and $\mathbb{T}^d$ is the flat torus, is ...
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184 views

Laplacian type operator on compact Lie group

Consider the operator $S = \sum_{i,j} X_{ij}^2$ on $L^2(SO(n+1))$, where $X_{ij}$ generates the rotation of the sphere $S^n$ in the $ij$-plane keeping the $(n - 2)$ complementary directions fixed. ...
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105 views

optimal regularity for Laplace equation with inhomogeneous L^p Robin boundary condition

Consider the problem $$-\Delta u = 0 \mbox{ in }\Omega,\qquad \partial_\nu u+\tau u=g\mbox{ on }\partial\Omega,$$ where $\Omega\subset R^n$ is a bounded $C^2$-domain, $\tau>0$ is a constant, and ...
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107 views

(localized) L^2 norm of quasimode for Laplacian

Lately I've been thinking about the following distribution on the flat torus $\mathbb{T}^2$: $u_k=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\lfloor k^{0.99}\rfloor+1}}\sum_{|l|\leq ...
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90 views

null controllability of linear wave equation

Consider the linear wave equation : $$z_{tt}=\Delta z + k(x) z + h(t) , \; in \; \Omega\times (0,T)$$ Are there sufficient conditions on the functions $k(x)$ and $h(t)$ for which $(z,z_t)$ vanish ...
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111 views

nodal lines in the dirichlet problem

In the Dirichlet problem if nodal lines do not touch $\partial\Omega$ (unit disk), what happens to the eigenvalues? Thanks for help.
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90 views

About definition of weak derivative in abstract PDE problems

I'm confused about weak derivative definition. $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ has weak derivative $u'\in L^2(0,T;V')$ iff $$\int_0^T u(t)\varphi'(t) = -\int_0^T u'(t)\varphi(t)$$ holds for all $\varphi \in ...