Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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Is it classical that the solution to an hyperbolic equation equation is Lipschitz -continuous $[0,\infty)\to L^1(\mathbb{R})$?

Recently I am reading a paper "Global solution and smoothing effect for a non-local regularization of a hyperbolic equation" published on J.E.E, 2004. In the proof, the authors write "It is classical ...
3
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1answer
116 views

Surfaces with specific types of second fundamental form

Given a three dimensional Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ and a surface $\Sigma \subset M$ can one categorize surfaces where the second fundamental form of $\Sigma$ is a scalar multiple of the induced ...
5
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2answers
201 views

Compactly supported functions and Sobolev spaces on manifolds

It is well-known that if a complete Riemannian manifold has bounded curvature and injectivity radius bounded away from zero, then the space $C^\infty_c(M)$ is dense in the Sobolev spaces $W^{k, p}(M)$ ...
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1answer
139 views

PDEs on torus $\mathbb T$

(Hope this question is o.k. for MO) I have been learning PDE(non linear dispersive equations) techniques, mainly using harmonic analysis(kind of Strichartz estimates, estimates for unimodular ...
5
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2answers
265 views

Poincare-like inequality on compact Riemannian manifolds

I am looking for a Poincare Inequality on balls but instead of euclidean space, I have a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. The inequality I am looking for is the equivalent of $$ ...
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1answer
129 views

Equivalence of two definitions of Sobolev spaces

Good morning, I am looking for a reference about the following fact that seems to be folklore. Define the Sobolev (Beppo Levi?) space $$ D^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^N) = \left\{ u \in L^{p^*}(\mathbb{R}^N) ...
4
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1answer
126 views

Minimal surfaces + Semi-Geodesic Coordinates

Let $(M,g)$ be a three dimensional smooth Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\Gamma$ is an embedded minimal surface in $M$. Define the Fermi or semigeodesic coordinates around this surface through ...
3
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2answers
203 views

Isothermal-related functions in higher dimensions

I am interested in getting some geometrical or analytical perspective in studing the following complex pde. I would appreciate any help. Consider $ (M,g)$ to be a 3 dimensional Riemannian manifold ...
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2answers
177 views

Frobenius Condition for a specific first order pde

I would appreciate it if Someone would be kind enough to share some insights about the following question: Suppose $(M,g)$ is a 3 dimensional Riemannian manifold. Consider the following system of ...
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0answers
120 views

Notion of solution of pde

Let's consider the following Schrodinger equation $$iu_t+\Delta u+F(u)=0$$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. In Cazenave's book, "Semilinear Schrodinger equation", he defines $H^1$-weak solution as $u\in ...
3
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0answers
137 views

Strong solution to $u_t - \Delta_p u = f$

For $p > 1$, consider the equation $$\langle u_t, v \rangle + \int_\Omega |\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \nabla v = \langle f, v \rangle$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ $$u|_{\partial\Omega} =0$$ for all $v \in ...
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0answers
48 views

decomposition of tempered distributions by entire analytic functions

Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with $$ \operatorname{supp} \phi \subset \{\xi \in \mathbb R^{n}: |\xi|\leq 2, \phi(\xi)=1~~\text{if}~|\xi|\leq 1\}$$ Let $j\in \mathbb N$ ...
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0answers
75 views

Matrix equation

Let $A$ be $k\times n$ matrix i.e., $A=(a_{1},\ldots, a_{n})$ where $a_{j} \in \mathbb{R}^{k}$, $rank(A)=k$ and $1\leq k \leq n$. Let $q=(q_{1},\ldots, q_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ be such that ...
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0answers
69 views

Measurability of solution of diffusion equation in sub sigma algebra

I want to solve the following problem: Get $\omega \in \Omega \subset \mathbb{R}$, $x \in D \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and $0<a_i\leq a(.,.)\leq a_x<\infty$. Let $a( x;. )$ and $f(x;.)$ be ...
4
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1answer
105 views

$L^p$ stability of the Beltrami equation

Let's assume that $f$ is a quasiconformal homeomorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ with Beltrami coefficient $\mu = \frac{\bar{\partial} f}{\partial f}$. Notice that by definition $\Vert \mu \Vert _{L^{\infty}} ...
2
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0answers
119 views

What's the idea behind various equivalent norms on Besov spaces $B^{s}_{p,q}$?

I am trying to understand Besov spaces; and I am eager to see why the various norms are equivalent on it. Let $\phi$ be a $C^{\infty}$ function on $\mathbb R^{n}$ with $ \operatorname{supp} \phi ...
2
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1answer
272 views

Sobolev Space, “characteristic function” for the weak derivative

Let $\Omega$ be an open bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^N$, working in the space $H_0^1(\Omega)$ with the inner product $$(u,v)_{H_0^1} = \int_\Omega \nabla u \cdot \nabla v$$ for $u\in H_0^1$ and ...
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1answer
53 views

Condition Number and CFL Condition in Finite difference Methods

when applying a Finite Difference scheme for an IVP, two factors come to mind when considering stability: One factor would be the condition number of the approximation operator. The other factor ...
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1answer
155 views

Green's function and eigenvalues with multiplicity

Green's function of a differential operator contains a lot of information of that operator. In particular, if we have a differential operator on a compact manifold with discrete spectrum, then Green's ...
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1answer
186 views

Smooth curves in a Frechet space

Is the space $C^{\infty}([0,1];C^{\infty}(S^1))$ equal with the space $C^{\infty}([0,1]\times S^1)$ ? I am interested in characterizing the smooth curves in the space $C^{\infty}(S^1)$ where $S^1$ is ...
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1answer
123 views

A Liouville theorem involving an advection term

I am curious whether there are any Liouville theorems for the following pde: $$ - \Delta \phi(x) + a(x) \cdot \nabla \phi(x)=0 \qquad \mbox{in } R^N $$ where $a(x)$ is a smooth bounded vector field ...
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3answers
233 views

Reference request: Systems of linear PDES with constant coefficients

I am looking for a reference for the following statement: Assume that $P_1, \dots, P_k \in \mathbb R[x_1, \dots, x_m]$ and consider a system of PDEs \begin{align} P_i(\partial / \partial x_1, \dots, ...
4
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1answer
141 views

Dependence of solutions on parameters in partial differential equations

In the standard homogenization problem $$-\nabla.\left(A\left(x,\frac{x}{\epsilon}\right)\nabla u^{\epsilon}(x)\right)=f\ \mbox{in } \Omega,$$ the homogenized matrix $A_0$ is given in terms of ...
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0answers
114 views

How does perturbation method guarantee its solution for the perturbed pde $\Delta u + \epsilon u^2 =0$

[This may not be a research-level question; if it violates any term of this website, I will delete it right away] My question is quite simple: Suppose we are given a PDE of with a boundary condition ...
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0answers
54 views

Bogomol’nyi’s Formula for the Critical Action

I'm studying Aigner's paper 'Existence of the Ginzburg-Landau Vortex Number' (2001) and I have some difficulties to prove the equality (3.1) , which is ...
4
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1answer
111 views

Reference request: Wasserstein metric spaces for non linear weights/mobility?

There is a very nice theory of gradient flows in metric spaces by Ambrosio, Gigli and Savaré. One particularly important application is the quadratic Wasserstein setting, where the metric space in ...
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0answers
136 views

Existence of solution?

I am sorry if this question is not at the MO level. But I have not found a reference so I would like ask it here. Follow this paper :http://www.math.ku.dk/~hugger/articles/CTAC2003.pdf Let ...
3
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2answers
220 views

Stochastic methods for solving very high-dimensional PDE

I am looking for stochastic methods for solving a very high-dimensional PDE (with one time dimension and very large number of spatial dimensions), which would reduce it to a lower-dimensional problem, ...
3
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1answer
165 views

semi-classical Green's function

I am reading Gutzwiller's papers on the relation between Hamiltonian flows and solution to Schrodinger equations. In the two papers, he gave a semi-classical approximation of the Green's function to ...
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1answer
155 views

Nonlocal Stefan problems

Has there been much work in the setting of Stefan (or general free boundary) problems with some type of nonlocality? A search on Google and MathSciNet give me only a handful of results which greatly ...
3
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1answer
167 views

What are the applications of Grillakis Shatah and Strauss paper?

I am studying the following paper. Manoussos Grillakis, Jalal Shatah, and Walter Strauss, Stability theory of solitary waves in the presence of symmetry. I, J. Funct. Anal. 74 (1987), no. 1, 160–197. ...
4
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0answers
123 views

Pseudodifferential operators on compact manifolds with boundary

I have heard that the square root of the Dirichlet (or the Neumann) Laplacian is not a pseudodifferential operator on compact manifolds with boundary. The context in which this was said was that ...
2
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0answers
119 views

Better Sobolev inequality holds in this case when assuming doubling and Poincare inequality?

Let $X$ be a Polish space and let $m$ be a locally finite Borel measure on $X$. Let $\epsilon$ be a strongly local, regular Dirichlet form on $L^2(X,m)$ with Domain $V :=\{f\in ...
2
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0answers
111 views

Reference request: functional analysis results used in Taubes paper (1980)

I'm studying Taubes paper 'Arbitrary N-vortex solutions to the first order Ginzburg-Landau equations'. I'm looking for a reference of three following theorems: Let $f(x)$ be a convex funtional ...
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1answer
91 views

Wave equation with linear coefficients

The following pde came up in a physics problem: $$ (Cy+D)\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}-(Ay+B)\frac{\partial u^2}{\partial y^2}-A\frac{\partial u}{\partial y} =f(x,y), $$ A,B,C,D are fixed ...
3
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0answers
85 views

Reference for existence results for 2D forced viscous Burgers equation

I am looking for results concering the following parabolic PDE $$u\cdot\nabla u + \Delta u = F(x),$$ where $$u\colon\Omega\to\mathbb{R}^2,$$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a 2D domain (bounded or ...
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0answers
125 views

Calculation in From Seiberg Witten to pseudo-holomorphic curve

I am reading the Taubes's paper: From From Seiberg Witten to pseudo-holomorphic curve. I don't know how to get the result (2.17) \begin{eqnarray*} ...
2
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0answers
58 views

Properties of solutions of Parabolic type equations

Assume $u\in C([0,1],L^{2})$ satisfies the following Schrodinger equation $$ \partial_t u=i(\Delta u+Vu), \text{in} ~\mathbb{R}^n\times[0,1],\\ u(0)=u_{0}. $$ with $V=V_1(x)+V_2(x,t)$, where $V_{1}$ ...
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2answers
155 views

Motivation for weak solution of a PDE (initial condition)

The following question came to me when reading the famous paper of ALT and LUCKHAUS: "Quasilinear elliptic-parabolic differential equations" When looking at a (nonlinear degenerate) PDE like $$ ...
3
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1answer
158 views

The complex heat kernel on a Riemann manifold

There is a vast literature available for the heat kernel. Nevertheless, I haven't been able to find almost anything useful about the kernel of the equation $\frac{1}{\mathbb{i}} \frac{\partial ...
4
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0answers
90 views

Sobolev spaces of maps between manifolds and the Palais-Smale Condition

I'm currently reading some papers by Uhlenbeck on harmonic maps. She mentions the following facts: Let $M^m$ and $N^n$ be compact Riemannian manifolds, $N$ embedded isometrically into Euclidean ...
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1answer
71 views

A hyperbolic partial differential equation (wave-like) with variable-dependent coefficient and possibly singular in one variable

First, I beg your pardon since the title of the question is a bit confusing I guess. I'm working on a physical equation of the wave-like form. Explicitly, it reads ...
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0answers
67 views

Geodesics on a perturbed submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^m$ [closed]

Let us consider $M$, a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$, isometrically embedded in $R^m$. Let us consider a geodesic $\gamma$ on $M$. Now, let us "perturb" (in other words, change slightly the ...
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77 views

Uniform bounds for a coupled parabolic system of PDE (linear)

Let $V=H^1(\Omega)$ and $H=L^2(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Define $W = \{ w \in L^2(0,T;V) : w_t \in L^2(0,T;V^*)\}$. Consider the system, with $u^\epsilon, v^\epsilon ...
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1answer
138 views

Estimates on evolution operator

Let's consider the following evolution operator in $\mathbb{R}^3$ $$S(t)=e^{(i+\delta)t\Delta }$$ How to get the following estimate $$\Vert S(t)f\Vert_2\leq C_\varepsilon t^{-\frac{1}{4}}\Vert ...
3
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1answer
196 views

a road from virial identity to Strichartz estimates for wave/ Schrodinger eqs?

Is there any way how virial identity implies Strichartz estimates ( or some smoothing properties) for solutions to a) wave equation b) Schrodinger equation ( say in 3d)? To keep things clear I am ...
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0answers
110 views

Log of heat kernel for positive time

A well-known theorem by Varadhan relates the logarithm of the heat kernel on a manifold and the geodesic distance function. In particular, if $d(x,y)$ is geodesic distance from $x$ to $y$ and ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Uniform upper bound for dim of kernel and codimension of range of certain familly of PDE

A polynomial vector field of degree $n$ on $S^{2}$ is the Poincare compactification of a $n$ degree polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$.It is a real analytic vector field on $S^{2}$ which ...
2
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2answers
294 views

Monge-Ampere type PDE

NB: I have edited this question to clarify what the OP is asking – Robert Bryant Problem: Find a holomorphic function $f$ where where $f(x+iy) = u(x,y) + i\,v(x,y)$, such that the graph $\Gamma_u = ...
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0answers
88 views

Elliptic PDE-Fredholm PDE(Is there a contradictory situation)

Let $E$ be a smooth vector bundle on a closed manifold $M$. Assume that $D:\Gamma^{\infty}(E)\to \Gamma^{\infty}(E)$ is a diff. operator which is a fredhoolm operator, in the algebraic ...