**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Variational inequality on Manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Consider $A : W^{1,r}(M,\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow W^{-1,r'}(M,\mathbb{R}), k \mapsto Ak$, where $Ak$ is defined by $(Ak)(\varphi) = \int_{M}g(\nabla k, \nabla ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Showing $\langle \frac{\partial b(v)}{\partial t}, v \rangle_{H^{-1}(\Omega), H^1(\Omega)} = \frac{d}{dt}\int_{\Omega}\Psi^*(b(v))$

Let $b$ be continuous and increasing with $b(0) = 0$. Define $\Psi(t) = \int_0^t b(s)\;ds$ and $\Psi^*(s) = \sup_{r \in \mathbb{R}} (sr-\Psi(r))$.
(Note $\Psi^*(b(s)) + \Psi(s) = sb(s)$).
Let $v ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Minimizing some $H^{-1}$ functional over (a subset of) probability densities in $R^d$

Let me consider the following subset of probability measures in $R^d$
$$
\mathcal{K}_M=\left\{0\leq u(x)\in L^1(R^d):\quad \int u(x)dx =1,\,\int|x|^2u(x)dx\leq M,\,\int u(x)|\log u(x)|dx\leq M\right\}
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Reference request: optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to $-\Delta u=f$ with $f\in L^1(R^d)$

The tilte says it all. Given $f\in L^1(R^d)$ (let me restrict to dimension $d\geq 3$ for convenience), what is the optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to
$$
-\Delta u=f\hspace{3cm}(1)?
$$
I'm of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### $C^0$ estimates in wrapped Lagrangian Floer cohomology

Let $(M, d\theta, \theta, Z)$, be an exact Liouville domain, where $Z$ is the Liouville vector field and $\theta$ is the primitive of the symplectic form. Let $\bar{M}$, be the symplectic completion ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Weighted energy estimate for the heat equation of higher order

The question is originally related to Hardy's uncertainty principle, convexity and Schrodinger evolutions. In this work the authors deduce a convex property of Schrodinger equation by doing it first ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Changing the test function space in a weak formulation of parabolic PDE

Suppose we are interested in the existence of a $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;V^*)$ such that
$$(u(T),\varphi(t))_H -\int_0^T \langle \varphi'(t), u(t) \rangle_{V^*,V} + \int_0^T ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions
of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property.
Given the problem
\begin{equation}
\left\{
\begin{array}{rl}
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Is a certain set of periodic solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equations closed generically?

I would be interested to know if a certain set of periodic solutions for
the two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations is closed generically.
Many similar (yet not identical) set-ups can be found in the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### geometric irregularities in pde's

The following question is intended for a person more acquainted with the works of Yves Laurent.
see: http://archive.numdam.org/article/ASENS_1987_4_20_3_391_0.pdf (French)
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### How to show the identity $\int_0^T \int_{\Gamma(t)}f(s,t)\;dsdt = \int_S f(\sigma)(1+(\mathbf w \cdot \mathbf n)^2)^{-\frac{1}{2}}\;d\sigma$?

I am reading this paper.
Let $\Gamma(t)$ be a smooth closed connected oriented hypersurface for each $t \in [0,T]$. Define the set $$S = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma(t) \times \{t\}.$$
On page 5 of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Estimates on gradients of diffusion semigroups

Consider the Dirichlet or Neumann Laplacian on a manifold with boundary. Suppose we have some estimate of the form
$$||e^{t\Delta} f||_{L^p} \leq C(t)||f||_{L^q}$$ for some $p, q$. For a specific ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Almost a Green formula

Let $\Omega$ be the half-space $\mathbb{R}^{n-1}\times \{ x_n>0 \}$, let $v \in L^2(\Omega)$ and $\phi\in \mathcal{C}^{\infty}(\overline{\Omega})$ with compact support in $\overline{\Omega}$. What ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Deduce global estimate from scaling-invariant local estimate

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold, with finite volume (or compactly exhausted, or any nice condition you would like, except for compactness). Suppose I have a tensor $T$ on $M$ of which ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### slightly subcritical elliptic pde; the linearized equations

Let $ p_m \nearrow \frac{N+2}{N-2}$ and consider the family of elliptic problems
$$-\Delta u_m(x)=u_m(x)^{p_m} \quad B \qquad \quad u_m =0 \quad \partial B,$$ where $B$ is the unit ball ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Why pseudoconvexity is important in Partial differential equation theory?

I am a new researcher in mathematics and I work on convexity. Are convexity and pseudoconvexity related topics and in which respect to PDE theory ? One of the important results in PDE theory is the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

161 views

### A contradiction to do with continuity? (involves chain rule)

Suppose for each $t$, $S(t) \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a domain (hypersurface). We have a diffeomorphism $D^0_t:S(0) \to S(t)$ for each $t$ such that it solves the ODE
$$\frac{d}{dt}D^0_t(\cdot) = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Elliptic equations with divergence-free drift terms

Given
$\
\mathbf{u}\cdot \nabla c=\Delta c-a_{1}c+\rho \text{ on }\Omega $ with a $\Omega \subset
%TCIMACRO{\U{211d} }
%BeginExpansion
\mathbb{R}
%EndExpansion
^{2}$ bounded, $div$$(\mathbf{u})=0$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Helmhotz decomposition and Regularity in Stokes equation

It is known that every function $f\in L^{q}(\Omega )^{n}$ can be uniquely
decomposed as
\begin{eqnarray*}
\
f=f_{0}+\nabla Q, \text{ (Helmhotz decomposition)}
\
\end{eqnarray*} with $f_{0}\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### A microlocal representation for quantum operator dynamics

In Maciej Zworski's book $\textit{Semiclassical Analysis}$, an important step in proving $L^p$ bounds on quasimodes is deriving a microlocal oscillatory integral representation formula for families of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Inclusions between $L^p$ continuous functions and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

Working in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$, consider on the one hand the space of continuous $L^{p}$ functions (let's use $V$ to denote this space), and on the other the family $\{ F_ {\alpha}^{p, q} \}_{\alpha, q}$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Idea behind distributional solutions

I have a problem understanding the meaning of a distributional solution. Let me tell you the context the problem appeared: I read thorugh some papers by DiPerna and Lions concerning the Cauchy Problem ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### linear operator associated with semilinear elliptic pde

I am reading a paper where at some point they analyse the following linear operator:
$$L_\lambda(\phi)= - \Delta \phi - C_\lambda(x) \phi$$
where $ C_\lambda(x)>0$ (smooth) in $ \Omega$ a bounded ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Regularity of solution of nonlinear equation

Hi!
Let $L$ be a linear elliptic operator of order $4$ with smooth and bounded coefficients on the ball
$B_1$ of $R^{2n}$ and let $N\in C_{loc}^{0,\alpha}(R^{3})$.
Let $f\in C^{0,\alpha}(B_1)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

441 views

### Nonlinear PDE and Green functions

This is somewhat of a curiosity that can hide somewhat deeper. For a Green function of a nonlinear PDE I mean something like
$$
\partial^2\phi+V(\phi)=\delta^D(x).
$$
I do not know if a real ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Examples of non-uniqueness in reaction-diffusion equations

Consider the problem of finding a bounded classical solution $u:\mathbb{R}\times [0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ (such that $u$ is continuous and $u_t$, $u_x$ and $u_{xx}$ exist and are continuous on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Existence of solutions to a reaction-diffusion problem.

Consider the problem of finding a bounded classical solution $u:\mathbb{R}\times [0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ (such that $u$ is continuous and $u_t$, $u_x$ and $u_{xx}$ exist and are continuous on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Similarity solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation

This problem arose in the course of a theoretical physics project. We seek (complex) solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation
$$u_t-iu u_x-iu_{H,xx}=0$$
where $u_H(x,t)$ denotes the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### P-laplacian equation

Hi guys,
in what sense the p-Laplacian is degenerate for p greater than 2 and singular for p smaller than 2 ?
Thank you!

**2**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Extension divergence-free, curl-converging vector field

Hi.
Consider a smooth open Set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ and a bounded sequence of vector fields $(u_n)_n \in L^2(\Omega)$ having $0$ divergence. I know how to extend this sequence to the whole ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### Convergence rate of iterated nonlinear equations?

For $i=1, \dots, n$ ($n$ could be large) we have variables $x_i$ and $y_i$ relating to probability bounds s.t. $x_i, y_i \geq 0, x_i+y_i \leq 1 \; \forall i$. Each $i$ has a constant $\theta_i$, and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform II

This is a modification of a previous question.
Question: Suppose $a(s)\in C^\infty([0,1])$ and $H(s,x)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ with $H(s,x)>0$, $\forall s,x\in [0,1]$. Suppose,
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality in exterier domain

In $\mathbb{R}^N$, we know that the best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg is characterized by the solution $Q$ of $-\Delta u+u=|u|^2u$ with minimal mass. One have
$||u||_4^4\leq C||u||_2||\nabla ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### Constant in the Poincare inequality for curl square integrable vector fields

$\newcommand{\v}[1]{\boldsymbol{#1}}$For an $u\in H^1(\Omega) = W^{1,2}(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is Lipschitz, we have
$$
{\|u - \frac{1}{\Omega} \int_{\Omega} u\|}_{L^2}\leq C
{\|\nabla u \|}
$$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

375 views

### How to apply Lagrange Multipliers to BCs of Time Dependent problems using finite elements?

I am trying to implement a finite element scheme using the method of lines (finite difference in time and finite element in space) and enforcing boundary conditions using Lagrange Multipliers. This ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### Recovering full regularity by energy method in the heat equation

Consider the heat equation
$$
u_t = u_{xx} + f,
$$
on the circle, and for a finite time interval. From Duhamel's principle one can deduce that $u\in L^\infty H^2$ if for instance $f\in L^\infty H^s$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### Pitfalls when generalizing the heat kernel of a Riemannian metric

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with some compact quotient under isometries.
Associated with the Riemannian metric one has the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ and the heat kernel $p(t,x,y)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### A limit involving a regularizing kernel

I am studying the following article by Benoit Perthame: http://www.mendeley.com/research/uniqueness-error-estimates-first-order-quasilinear-conservation-laws-via-kinetic-entropy-defect-measure/#
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Asymptotics of quasilinear elliptic equations with Dirac right hand side

On a small open neighborhood $U$ of $0 \in \mathbb{R}^n$, consider the quasilinear (possibly monotone) elliptic, scalar PDE in divergence form
$$\nabla \cdot(a(x,u,\nabla u)\nabla u) = \alpha ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Integrability of ground state solution for elliptic equation

For the solution of semi-linear elliptic equation, for example I'm considering the 2D cubic nonlinear Schroedinger equation, the correspongding elliptic equation is $\Delta u+u^3=u$, with $u>0$. By ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

296 views

### Variational Formulation of Boundary Value Problems With Unknown on the boundary

Suppose that we have a linear operator equation on $\Omega$ with Lipschitz boundary $\partial \Omega$,
\begin{eqnarray}
Lu &=& \frac{\partial u}{\partial t},
u(x,0) &=& u_0 \; \; ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Core of divergence form operator with unbounded coefficient

Consider the unbounded operator $L$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R^d})$ to be the self-adjoint extension of
$$Lf := \nabla \cdot \left(a(x) \nabla f(x) \right)$$ on $C^2_c(\mathbb{R^d})$.
I also assume that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

242 views

### Equation of motion of a charged string in a twisted torus.

The flat torus background:
Say we want to study the sigma model of strings (closed strings $S^1= \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$) on a flat torus (for example $T^3=\mathbb{R}^3/\mathbb{Z}^3$ with a flat ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

517 views

### Comparision of cubic hermite finite element and cubic B-spline finite element (in condition nunmbers of stiffness matrix, or sth else)

Background
Consider the one dimensional second order elliptic PDE,
$$
\left\{\!\!
\begin{aligned}
& -(a(x)u'(x))'+b(x)u(x)=f(x)\qquad x\in[0,1]\\
& u(0)=u(1)=0
\end{aligned}
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Regularity properties of the derivatives of a particular function on $D \times D\to \bar{D} $ ?

This question might sound a little less rigorously formulated, but I hope the question still makes sense.
Let $h: S^1 \to S^1$ be an oriention-preserving homeomorphism and let $p(z,t) = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

286 views

### A free boundary problem by finite difference method

I wanna discretize the following free boundary problem
Find $u$ and $\Omega$ such that $\Delta u=1-\delta_0$ in $\Omega$ with the conditions $u=|\nabla u|=0$ on $\partial \Omega$.
I apply finite ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### General solutions for HJB equations in a special case.

I am reading the book of Wendell Flemming in control theorem to learn the HJB equation
Here is the setting that interests me: Let $g_i: i=1,2$ be $C^2 =C^{2}(-\infty,\infty)$ functions such that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

238 views

### Can the solution manifold for an exterior differential system be represented using alternating multivectors?

Differential equations can be written as an ideal of n-forms. Solutions are manifolds where the forms pull back to zero. Is it possible, or useful, to represent the solution by multivectors? For ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

294 views

### Vanishing solution of the Poisson equation at infinity

Hi, I am interested in finding some vanish bahavior at infinity of the solutions of this kind of equations:
$-\Delta\phi+a(x)\phi=b(x)$
where $a(x), b(x)\in L^{p}$ with $1\leq p\leq 3$. Besides ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

284 views

### Poisson problem with a “scaled” Laplacian.

Let $d_1$ and $d_2$ be positive constants. I'm considering a 2D Poisson-like problem of the form
$$ d_1\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_1^2} + d_2\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x_2^2} = f$$ in the ...