**2**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Complex sum of squares of vector fields (hypoelliptic operators)

Consider a compact $M$ of dimension $n$. Consider real smooth vector fields $X_0, X_1, X_2,..., X_n$ on $M$ and consider the differential operator $\mathcal{L}_1 = \sum_{i = 1}^n X_i^2 + X_0.$
Now, by ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### Regularity result for the elliptic equation with Neumann conditions

I am having troubles to justify well some inequalities related with the classical
theory of elliptic equations. Let us consider the problem
\begin{align*}
-\Delta c & =f,\text{ in }\Omega\\
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### Optimal relaxation parameter for the SOR method when solving Poisson equation for non-square problems

Yang and Gobbert in paper "The Optimal Relaxation Parameter for the SOR Method Applied to a Classical Model Problem" ( http://userpages.umbc.edu/~gobbert/papers/YangGobbert2007SOR.pdf ) gave proof ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Separable coordinate systems for the Laplace and Helmholtz equations?

According to Mathworld, in three dimensions there are 13 coordinate systems in which Laplace's equation is separable, and 11 for the Helmholtz equation. I've read the relevant chapters of the book by ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

449 views

### Who is currently researching topics concerning applying algebraic topology and/or differential geometry to numerical methods? [closed]

I am interested in pursuing a PhD in mathematics from a top ranked university with a faculty member researching something akin to the following description: applications of algebraic topology and/or ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### $BMO$-property via a John-Nirenberg type estimate?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d, d\ge 2$, be bounded and denote a ball in $\mathbb R^d$ by $B$. Denote also
$$
f_B:= \frac1{|B|}\int_B f \, dx.
$$
Suppose $f \in L_{\rm loc}^p(\Omega)$ for all ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

95 views

### Separation of variables for a particular PDE

Given the partial differential equation
\begin{equation}
(1-x)\left[- f(x,y) + \frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial x} \right] + (1-y)\left[- f(x,y) + \frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial y} \right] = 0
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

239 views

### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a regular polygon

Consider the Laplacian eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u$ on $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Let $\lambda_1$ denote the first eigenvalue. The following theorem is well known:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

71 views

### On the domain of functionals in measure with singular kernels

this post is concerned with functionals defined in measures. Consider the following functional
$$\mathcal{W}[\mu]=-\int_{\mathbb{R}^2}{\log\vert x-y\vert\ d\mu(x)d\mu(y)},$$
were we define ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Heat equation inequality

There is an inequality that tells us that for some sufficiently smooth $f$ satisfying $(\partial_t - \Delta )f \le - \delta f^2 +K$ for $\delta,K >0$ that $f$ is bounded by some constant. ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Evolution operator for a linear parabolic equation

Let $A(t)$ be a smooth family of positive definite operators on a Hilbert space $H$. Consider the operator
$$D:= \frac{d}{dt}+A(t)$$
and let $U(t):H\to H$ be the evolution operator, i.e., $U(0)=I$ and ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Poincaré inequality for curl-integrable functions

Let $B=B(r)$ denote a ball of radius $r$ in $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ and
$$
u_B := \frac1{|B|}\int_B u \, dx.
$$
The standard Sobolev-Poincaré inequality states that if $u \in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### How can I calculate the adjoint of the wave operator $\square_{g}$ in $H^{k}$?

I have a three part question, which I could only received an answer for the first part here.
The Laplace-Beltrami operator is an operator which is the typical example of a self-adjoint operator in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### $H^s$ norm of a solution of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation

I'm reading the paper "Global existence and scattering for rough solutions of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbb{R}^3$ by Colliander, Keel, Staffilani, Takaoka and Tao.
They study the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Loss of derivative of subelliptic operator

Consider the differential operator $P$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$, given by $P = \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} + x^2\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}$. Clearly it is elliptic everywhere except on the $y$-axis. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### application of factorization theorem

Young's inequlity tells us that $L^{1}(\mathbb R)\ast L^{p}(\mathbb R) \subset L^{p}(\mathbb R)$ with norm inequality
$$\|f\ast g\|_{L^{p}} \leq \|f\|_{L^1}\|g\|_{L^p};$$
and of course this ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

176 views

### Pseudodifferential operators on spaces with boundary

Consider the upper half space $\mathbb{R}^n_{+} = \{x = (x_1,..,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n : x_n \geq 0\}$. Consider the Laplacian on this space with either the Dirichlet boundary condition or the Neumann ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Painleve test of a new PDE hierarchies

This PDE hierarchies is :
$$u_t=\sum_{i=0}^{N}c_iu^iu_x-\frac{1}{2}\sum_{i=0}^N(c_iu^i)_{xxx}$$
so far, I have proved that this equation hierarchies has Resonaces at:$$j=2N+2,4N+2$$,according to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### A question on the Frechet derivative

Suppose the derivative of a functional is given by
\begin{equation*}
\int_{\Omega}(\vec{v}.\nabla u)|\nabla u|^{p-2} \phi=\int_{\Omega}\nabla.(u\vec{v})|\nabla u|^{p-2} \phi,~\phi\in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

22 views

### Any reference in absorbing boundary conditions for non-abelian gauge fields?

Is there any paper on absorbing boundary conditions for non-abelian gauge fields?
Currently I only saw some on elastic wave equations and some on EM fields.

**6**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Sobolev space for Mixed Dirichlet - Neumann boundary condition

Consider the subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ with boundary $\partial\Omega$ sufficiently regular and let $\Gamma\subset\partial\Omega$ be a $(N-1)$- dimensional submanifold of $\partial\Omega$. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### Does the Riemann-Christoffel curvature determine the connection?

I am looking for the integrability condition of the following system of pde:
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

134 views

### How to find an ODE with prescribed terminal values?

Let us consider an ODE
$$\frac{dx_t^y}{dt}=g(x_t^y),$$
where y is the initial condition i.e. $x_0^y=y$.
Now, given a function $f$ (increasing and smooth) is it possible to find $g$ (i.e. an ODE) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Resolvent estimate of hyperbolic Laplacian [closed]

Consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$. For $\lambda \in \mathbb{C} \setminus [0, \infty)$, do we have resolvent estimates of the form
$$\Vert (-\Delta - \lambda ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

387 views

### Derivatives of radial functions can be bounded by derivatives in terms of radial distance?

Suppose $f$ is a radial function, i.e., $f(x)=f(|x|)$,
and $f \in C^\infty(\bar{B})$, where $\bar{B}$ is the closure of the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Prove or disprove the following.
Given any ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Global existence solutions NLS

Let's consider the following NLS in $\mathbb{R}^3$
$$i\partial_t\psi=-\Delta\psi+\vert\psi\vert^2\psi$$
How to prove that $H^2$-solutions are globally in time? Can someone suggest references to me?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Integrability of Continuous Tangent Subbundles

Are there any field of mathematics, except dynamical systems, where one needs to integrate continuous sub-bundles of the tangent space?
More specifically given a smooth manifold of $M$ and a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

167 views

### Schwartz space of functions with values in a Frechet space

While reading some papers about $\psi$DOs I found some spaces of vector valued functions which I am not familiar with. I am looking for references about the Schwartz space of functions with values in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Gradient estimate for elliptic equation

Given:
1)a bounded domain $\Omega$ in $\mathbb R^n$ of class $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$
2) the function $f\in L^{\infty}(\Omega)$ with $\int_{\Omega} f=0$
3)$g=(g_i,\ldots,g_n)\in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### comparison principle for viscosity solution to linear nonlocal equation with drift

I met a problem about comparison principle for nonlocal equation when I study SDEs driven by Levy noise. Since, I have no background about PDEs, it may be a stupid question:
$$Iu=\lambda ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### Gilbarg-Trudinger's book Theorem 4.13

I am reading Gilbarg-Trudinger's book "Elliptic Partial Differential Equations of Second Order". I do not understand the proof of Theorem 4.13.
Theorem 4.13 is a special case of Kellogg's theorem in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

271 views

### Weak solutions for a PDE of fourth order

I deal with two-dimensional Kirchhoff equation with $L^\infty$ coefficient and distributional right hand side:
$$
\Delta\Delta w+u(x,y)\left(\alpha^2\frac{\partial w}{\partial ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### elliptic boundary regularity, tangential regularity

A have a question related to the boundary regularity of a solution of a Poisson equation on a bounded domain. But to make the question easier to pose I will state it on $ R_+^2:=\{ x \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

24 views

### Neumann eigenvalues of quotients of manifolds with boundaries

I was wondering what is generally known about Neumann eigenvalues of Laplacian of $M/G$ where, $M$ is a manifold with boundary and $G$ is acting freely discontinuously on $M$? I understand that $M/G$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Regularity in PDE theory

I stumbled over this question in the context of PDE theory and thought that maybe somebody here knows whether the following is true or not?
Let $U$ be connected,open and bounded in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Mixed (anisotropic) Sobolev spaces

Consider real variables $x, y$ and a function $f(x, y) \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^2)$, say for some $s \in (0, 1)$. I am trying to get an understanding of mixed Sobolev spaces of the form $H^s_x(H^s_y)$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Asymptotics of “heat” semigroup

Consider a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary. Consider a second order elliptic operator $L$ on $L^2(\Omega)$, defined by either the Dirichlet or Neumann boundary ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Local version of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem for Riesz potentials: $\|I_\alpha(f)\|_{L^q} \le C \|f\|_{L^p}$?

Recently, I have been studying the properties of the Riesz potential
$$
I_\alpha(f)(x) = c_{d,\alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.
$$
The classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Appropriate BCs of First Order Hyperbolic Semi-Linear Equation [closed]

The following pde is (approximately) the leading order homogenized form of the local mass transport equation with a non-linear metabolism (in symmetrical spherical co-ordinates):
\begin{equation*}
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Does the following type of Gronwall inequality hold?

Let $I=[0,b)$, $b< \infty$. Suppose $u$ is a positive bounded measurable function on $I$. $v(s)$ is a positive, smooth function on $I$. Note that $u(b),v(b)$ may be $0$.
Suppose that
$$
u(t) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Heat asymptotics

Consider a compact manifold $M$ with smooth boundary, with either the Dirichlet or the Neumann boundary conditions. Consider a (time-dependent) open ball $B_t \subset M$. Given a fixed $u \in L^1(M)$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

124 views

### How to Separate Charpit Equations

I've been attempting to solve this non-linear PDE
$$4\Omega x^2 y^2 \frac{\partial z}{\partial y} -x^2 y (\frac{\partial z}{\partial x})^2 + 2x^2 y^2 E-N^2=0$$
using Charpit's method. The ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Quantitative estimate of heat dispersion - off diagonal estimates

Consider the heat equation $\partial_t u - \Delta u = 0$ on a compact manifold $M$ (if $M$ has a smooth boundary, then we assume either Dirichlet or Neumann boundary condition). Consider $u_0 (x) = ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### On fundamental solutions to Poisson equation on 3-dimensional manifolds

I am interesting in solutions to Poisson equation
$$\triangle \varphi = 4 \pi \rho \qquad (1)$$
defined on 3-dimensional oriented Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$,
where $g$ is metric and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

266 views

### Programming workbooks in C++ and Research Math [closed]

I know the basics of C++ by taking a few courses and going through "C++ Primer" by Lippman. As a math graduate student, I would love to get my hands on some programming-math exercises geared towards ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### Energy inequalities for Sobolev spaces of negative integer

I asked this question in mathematics stackexchange and couldn't get an answer.
Let $\phi\in H^{s}$ such that the following energy inequality is true:
$$\|\phi(t,\cdot)\|_s \le\int^t_0 C \| ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Boundedness of heat semigroup on $L^1(\Omega)$

On a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with smooth boundary, consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ with either the Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions. More generally, one can also consider ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Hess-Schrader-Uhlenbrock inequality for non-symmetric operators

Let $M$ be a (compact, let's say) Riemannian manifold, $\mathcal{V}$ a vector bundle over $M$ with covariant derivative $\nabla$ and a fiber metric. Let $L = - \mathrm{tr}(\nabla^2) + V$ with some ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Backward Uniqueness for the wave equation [closed]

Does the wave equation $u_{tt} - \Delta u = 0$ have any backward uniqueness results that are similar to the ones for the heat equation (see for example Theorem 11 page 64 in Evans)? If not, are there ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Reference request: Riesz potential $I_\alpha : L^{d/\alpha} \to \rm{BMO}$?

Let us denote the Riesz potential in $\mathbb R^d$ by
$$
I_\alpha (f)(x) := c_{d, \alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}}
\, dy.$$
By the classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem ...