# Tagged Questions

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46 views

### Isolated singularities of harmonic mappings

Can a homeomorphic harmonic mapping $f=(u,v,w):\Omega\to \Omega'$ have isolated singular points. Here $\Delta f =0$, and singular point is a point with zero Jacobian. This will extend Lewy theorem for ...

**2**

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**0**answers

90 views

### Uniqueness of solution of elliptic equation with exponential nonlinearity

Consider the following equation
$$\Delta v + p(r)e^v = 0$$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$
where $p(r)$ is a polynomial in $r = |(x_1,..., x_n)|$. I want to understand when equations like these have unique ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### $u_n$ bounded in $L^\infty(0,T;H) \cap L^2(0,T;V)$ implies $u_n \to u$ strongly in $L^2(0,T;H)$?

Let $V \subset H$ be a dense and compact embedding. Let $$\lVert u_n\rVert_{L^\infty(0,T;H)} + \lVert u_n \rVert_{L^2(0,T;V)} < C$$ where $C$ is independent of $n$. It follows that eg. $u_n ...

**5**

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**1**answer

189 views

### Analytic perturbation of eigenfunctions

Consider a domain $\Omega_0 \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and deformations of $\Omega_0$, called $\Omega_t$, obtained by a one-to-one mapping $x \mapsto x + t\varphi (x)$, where $\varphi$ is smooth. It is ...

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57 views

### Strong solution to parabolic equation without differentiability assumption on coefficient?

Consider on $(0,T)\times \Omega$, $\Omega$ a bounded domain
$$u_t(t,x) - a(u(t,x))\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x)$$
$$u|_{\partial\Omega} = 0$$
where $a$ is real-valued and satisfies
$C_1 \leq a(r) \leq C_2$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Existence and uniqueness of a quasi-linear pde system on a surface

I have the following system of first order quasi-linear pde:
$$ -(\Delta+1) a^{\alpha\beta} [b_{\beta\rho} I_{\alpha;\sigma}+b_{\beta\sigma} I_{\alpha;\rho}]
+ a^{\alpha\beta} [(\Delta+1) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### “Schwarz symmetrization” on annulus

If $\Omega=\{x\in \mathbb R^n| 0<r_0<|x|<r_1\}$ is an annulus on $\mathbb R^n$, I am looking for a symmetrization result on $\Omega$. To be precise, for any $u \in W_0^{1,2}(\Omega)$, can we ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

85 views

### Strong maximum principle for the heat equation in non-cylindrical domains

let $u(t,x)$ be a bounded smooth solution of the heat equation $u_t=\Delta u$, $(t,x) \in R \times R^2$, and let $V \subset (R \times R^2)$ be an open connected component of $\{(t,x) \in R \times R^2: ...

**2**

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**1**answer

131 views

### Compact radial Sobolev embedding $H^1_{rad}\hookrightarrow L^p$

I want to show:
Let $N\geq 2$ and $2< q <2^\ast$. Then the embedding \begin{align}
H^1_{\text{rad}}(\mathbb{R}^N)\hookrightarrow L^q(\mathbb{R}^N)
\end{align}
is compact.
I was able to show ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

305 views

### Alternative proof of Varadhan's formula on Riemann manifolds

Consider Varadhan's famous formula for the kernel of the heat equation on a manifold:
$$ \lim_{t \rightarrow 0} t \log h(t,x,y) = - \frac{d(x,y)^2}{4} .$$
I do not have access to his 1967 two ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Extension of Sobolev Functions

Let $\,D\subseteq\mathbb{R}^{n-1}$ be a convex bounded domain. Let$A:D\to(0,\infty)$
be a Lipschitz continuous function. Let $\,\Omega\,$ be bounded domain in $\,\mathbb{R}^{n}\,$
of the form
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Boundary energy estimate of wave equations

Let $D$ be the unit disk in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, we consider the $n$ dimension wave equation defined on $D$,
$$\square u=F$$
where $\square=\partial_{t}^{2}-\triangle$ is the standard wave operator in ...

**1**

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**1**answer

114 views

### Identifying the weak limit of a gradient (Bochner spaces)

Let $X=L^2(0,T;L^2(\Omega))$ for an unbounded domain $\Omega$. Let $f_n, f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be functions with $f_n \to f$, $f_n(0)=f(0)=0$ and $f_n$ Lipschitz with Lipschitz constant ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Does the green kernel converge as a series of functions?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact rimannian manifold. It is well known that we can diagonalyse the Green kernel as a $L^2$ operator acting on functions. Moreover we have the convergence of the following ...

**0**

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**0**answers

59 views

### On Properties Of Lusternik-Schnirelmann Category

I have this part of proof from "Analysis and Topology in Nonlinear Differential Equations" book page 292:
I don't see how we find that $cat(\Omega)\leq cat( N_{\varepsilon}\cap ...

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**0**answers

116 views

### Harmonic extension of $L^\infty$ function is in $L^\infty$?

Let $u \in H^{\frac 12}(\Omega)$ with $\int_\Omega u = 0$ and consider the solution $v \in H^1(C)$ where $C=\Omega \times (0,\infty)$ of
$$-\Delta v(x,y) = 0$$
$$\partial_\nu v = 0$$
$$v(x,0) = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Approximation of subharmonic functions

Let $u$ be an (upper semi-continuous) locally bounded subharmonic function in a domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\chi_\epsilon$ be a standard smoothing kernel, namely
...

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**2**answers

156 views

### Variational formulation of second order equations of the divergence form

Consider the second order operator
$Lu=\partial_i(a_{ij}\partial_j)u+b_i\partial_iu+cu$.
Can we find a functional $I[u]$ such that $Lu$ is the variation of $I[u]$ with respect to $u$? I have ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Mountain Pass theorem for minimization problems with constraints

Let $I[u]$ be a functional on a (possibly infinite dimensional) Hilbert space. Then, under some conditions, the Mountain Pass theorem guarantees the existence of a saddle point (see ...

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36 views

### Least square problems with binary variables

I want to solve the heat equation $T_t(x,t) = - L_x . T(x,t) + F(x,t)$ in an edge-weighted graph where $L_x = \sum_i x_i e_{ij}$ is weighted Laplacian matrix of the graph. Then I conclude to the ...

**0**

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**0**answers

48 views

### The minimizing problem over a sequence of shrinking balls

Let $B(0,r)\subset \mathbb R^3$ be a ball centered at $0$ with radius $r$. Define
$$ \mathcal A_r:=\{u\in H_0^1(B(0,r)),\,\,\|u\|_{L^{q+1}}=1\}$$
where $1<q<5$. Hence we know that each ...

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**0**answers

137 views

### Solution to a PDE with constant data - what is the fault in my proof? [closed]

Let $C=\Omega \times (0,\infty)$. We want to find a solution $v \in H^1(C)$ such that given $u \in H^{\frac 12}(\Omega)$,
$$\int_0^\infty\int_\Omega \nabla v \nabla \varphi + v_y\varphi_y = ...

**1**

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**0**answers

36 views

### Finite elements $W^{1,\infty}$ error estimates

Are there finite element method setups that provide error estimates in the $W^{1,\infty}$ norm (i.e., bounds on $\|u'_h - u'\|_\infty$)? Which families of elements can be used for implementing them?

**1**

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**0**answers

191 views

### A Lie algebra associated with a one dimensional foliation

A non vanishing vector field $X$ on a manifold is called "well behaved" if for every non vanishing smooth function $f$ we have $$C(X)\simeq C(fX)$$ This means that the centralizer Lie algebras ...

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66 views

### Space of p-harmonic functions

Let $\Omega \subset\mathbb{R}^d$, $d \geq 2$, be a sufficiently nice set to make the following question meaningful.
I am interested in the space of p-harmonic functions on $\Omega$; that is, the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Uniform $L^p-L^{p'}$ bound of a Fourier multiplier

Let $(\tau,\xi)\in\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^n$, and consider the function
$$
m_{\epsilon}(\tau,\xi)=\frac{1}{\tau+|\xi|^4+\epsilon|\xi|^2+i}
$$
in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. My first question is that does ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Linear elliptic estimates

i am interested in solutions of the following
$$-\Delta \phi =f \; \; \; A_\lambda, \qquad \phi=0 \; \; \partial A_\lambda,$$ where $ A_\lambda=\{ x \in R^N: \lambda <|x|<1 \}$ with $ ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

247 views

### Have heat kernels for generalized Laplacians on non-compact manifolds been constructed?

Let $M$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold which is "nice enough", and $D$ a generalized Laplacian on it. The construction of the heat kernel for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$ seems to be ...

**1**

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**0**answers

44 views

### Density of restrictions of $p$-harmonic functions on a hypersurface

Let $\omega,\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$, $n\geq2$, be bounded smooth domains so that $\bar\omega\subset\Omega$.
Let $1<p<\infty$.
Define the boundary space $B=W^{1,p}(\omega)/W^{1,p}_0(\omega)$; ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

132 views

### Help in understanding “Local well-posedness for the Maxwell-Schrodinger system”

Is there someone who knows the following paper
"Local well-posedness for the Maxwell-Schrodinger system" by M.Nakamura and T.Wada.
I'm trying to study it but I've some doubts. In particular I'm not ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Dependence of weak solution of an equation on a parameter

For each $p \in [a,b]$, let $X_p$ be a Hilbert space with $Y_p \subset X_p$ a subspace and we are given a bilinear form $a_p(\cdot,\cdot):X_p \times X_p \to \mathbb{R}$.
Given $u_p$ with $p \mapsto ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Showing existence of positive weak solution of a PDE by CoV

Given the following PDE
$$
\begin{cases}
-\Delta u+\alpha=u^q &x\in\Omega\\
u=0 &x\in\partial\Omega
\end{cases}
$$
where $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^3$ is open bounded with smooth boundary, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Analogous to a PDE but where independent variable is a function

Consider, as an example for my question, a density function $u(\boldsymbol{x},t)$ on a vector field $\boldsymbol{x}$ at some time $t$. The flow velocity vector of the density is given by ...

**1**

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**0**answers

99 views

### Uniqueness of the solution of a nonlinear PDE [closed]

Given the nonlinear PDE
$$
\partial^2\phi+\phi^3=0
$$
I consider the characteristics $\xi=\kappa\cdot x$. Then I look for a solution in the form
$$
\phi(x)=a\cdot\chi(\xi).
$$
Then, provided ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

61 views

### Question on the local existence theory for the classical solution for the incompressible fluid dynamics equation

For the incompressible fluid dynamics system
\begin{equation}
\begin{split}
&\nabla\cdot v=0,\\
&\dfrac{\partial v}{\partial t}+v\cdot \nabla v+\nabla p=A(S,D)v,
\end{split}
\end{equation}
...

**0**

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**0**answers

66 views

### Linking theorem, elliptic pde

I am trying to solve some linear system of the form
$$ \Delta \phi +p v(r)^{p-1} \psi = -f, \qquad \Delta \psi + qu(r)^{q-1} \phi =g $$ in $ \mathbb{R}^N$ where $ f,g$ are given and $ \phi,\psi$ are ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

414 views

### Does the Legendre-Hadamard condition imply a generalized Gårding inequality?

For simplicity, we restrict to constant coefficients. Let $A^{ij}_{ab} \in \mathbb{R}$, $1 \le i, j \le n$ and $1 \le a, b\le m$, satisfy the Legendre-Hadamard condition:
$$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Do constrained random walks converge weakly to the Wiener measure on the space of constrained paths (that corresponds to the heat equation)?

Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that
$\partial \overline{U}$, the boundary of $\overline{U}$ is ''nice''
(for simplicity you can assume piecewise smooth). I also want to allow the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Regularity of solutions of strongly elliptic system: how smooth must the boundary be?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded domain with the boundary of class $C^{1,1}$.
Let $A$ be a selfadjoint operator acting in $L^2(\Omega;\mathbb{C}^n)$.
The operator $A$ is given by the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

224 views

### Heat equation and evolution of number of critical points

Let $u_0$ be a smooth function on the unit sphere $S^1$ and assume that $u(t,x)$ is a smooth solution of the heat equation with initial data $u(0,x)=u_0(x)$. How one can apply the maximum principle to ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

487 views

### Surjectivity of curl

Let: $\mathbb R^3\ni x\mapsto v(x)\in\mathbb R^3$ be a vector field with null divergence belonging to the Schwartz class such that
$$
\int_{\mathbb R^3} v(x) dx=0.
$$
Is it true that there exists a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### variation norm of a Fourier transform

Motivated by certain uniform estimate in oscillatory integrals, I am now trying to calculate the Fourier transform of the function ${\large e^{i|t|^{\epsilon}}/t}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, where $\epsilon\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### long time existence of a nonlinear parabolic equation

I am thinking about a geometric problem which boils down to the following parabolic equation:
Suppose $u=u(r,t)$, $r$ is defined on $[0,1]$ and $t>0$
$$\begin{cases}\displaystyle \frac{\partial ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### What is the idea behind interpolation spaces?

I am working through a text on Numerics for SPDEs and there the concept an interpolation (Hilbert-)space associated to an operator is used. To be specific:
Definition. Let $H$ be an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Local Biot-Savart law in $B(x_o,r) \subset \mathbb R^2$

Let $u: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ and let $\omega = \text{curl } u$ be the 2D vorticity of $u$, where $u, \omega \in L^2(\mathbb R^2)$ and $\nabla \cdot u = 0$. The classical Biot-Savart law states ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### A “gradient” weak Harnack inequality for quasilinear elliptic equations

Suppose we are in the following loosely described setting:
we have a non-negative supersolution $h$ of the following elliptic equation:
\begin{equation}
\Delta h + \|\nabla h\|^2 + f(x) \geq 0
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

280 views

### A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Continuity of the curve-shortening flow with respect to the curve

The curve-shortening flow is an evolution equation for a smooth closed curve $\alpha$ inmersed in a Riemannian surface $M$. The version where $M$ is the Euclidean plane is illustrated for example in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Implicit function theorem for elliptic partial differential equations

Consider the elliptic equation $-\Delta u=\alpha f(u)$ in $R^n$ and assume that for some $\alpha^* \in R$ it has a bounded smooth solution $u^*$ in $R^n$ ($f$ is a nice smooth function). Under what ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Schrodinger equation with magnetic vector potential

In many papers dealing with the Schrodinger equation with magnetic potential
$$u_t=i(\nabla+iA(t,x))^2u$$
the authors say that this equation can be studied with Kato's methods for abstract evolution ...