**3**

votes

**0**answers

233 views

### Controlling the Second Eigenvalue of a Schrödinger Operator

Consider a bounded domain $\Omega$ (with smooth boundary) in some Riemannian $n$-manifold $M^n$.
Let $L$ be the operator
$$
L=\Delta+V
$$
where $\Delta$ is the Laplace-beltrami operator on $M$ (so is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Generalizations of group algebras for arbitrary manifolds?

In the analysis of partial differential equations on Euclidean spaces, one of the most useful properties of the Fourier transform (and the related integral transforms) is that they take ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Heat kernel and Wiener measure

A theorem by Barry Simon says that for arbitrary open sets $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, we have $$[\exp(t\Delta_{\Omega}^D)](x,y) = \mu_{x,y,t}\lbrace \omega \text{ } \vert \text{ } \omega(s) \in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Feynman-Kac theorem: probabilistic proof of existence of solution to parabolic PDE

Friedman (in his book: PDEs of Parabolic Type) shows how to construct a solution to the Cauchy problem
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = b(x) \partial_x u(t,x) + \frac{1}{2} \sigma(x)^2 \partial_{x,x} u(t,x)
$$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Local energy decay for variable-speed, divergence-form wave equation in non-trapping medium without obstacles

I'm looking for a reference in the literature describing local energy decay for solutions of a smooth-coefficient, variable-speed wave equation, in divergence form, with compactly-supported initial ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Weighted energy estimate for the heat equation of higher order

The question is originally related to Hardy's uncertainty principle, convexity and Schrodinger evolutions. In this work the authors deduce a convex property of Schrodinger equation by doing it first ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions
of the Nonlinear SchrÃ¶dinger Equation" the following property.
Given the problem
\begin{equation}
\left\{
\begin{array}{rl}
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Is a certain set of periodic solutions of the 2D Navier-Stokes equations closed generically?

I would be interested to know if a certain set of periodic solutions for
the two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations is closed generically.
Many similar (yet not identical) set-ups can be found in the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### geometric irregularities in pde's

The following question is intended for a person more acquainted with the works of Yves Laurent.
see: http://archive.numdam.org/article/ASENS_1987_4_20_3_391_0.pdf (French)
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### How to show the identity $\int_0^T \int_{\Gamma(t)}f(s,t)\;dsdt = \int_S f(\sigma)(1+(\mathbf w \cdot \mathbf n)^2)^{-\frac{1}{2}}\;d\sigma$?

I am reading this paper.
Let $\Gamma(t)$ be a smooth closed connected oriented hypersurface for each $t \in [0,T]$. Define the set $$S = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma(t) \times \{t\}.$$
On page 5 of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Estimates on gradients of diffusion semigroups

Consider the Dirichlet or Neumann Laplacian on a manifold with boundary. Suppose we have some estimate of the form
$$||e^{t\Delta} f||_{L^p} \leq C(t)||f||_{L^q}$$ for some $p, q$. For a specific ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Deduce global estimate from scaling-invariant local estimate

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold, with finite volume (or compactly exhausted, or any nice condition you would like, except for compactness). Suppose I have a tensor $T$ on $M$ of which ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### slightly subcritical elliptic pde; the linearized equations

Let $ p_m \nearrow \frac{N+2}{N-2}$ and consider the family of elliptic problems
$$-\Delta u_m(x)=u_m(x)^{p_m} \quad B \qquad \quad u_m =0 \quad \partial B,$$ where $B$ is the unit ball ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Linear heat equation with initial condition of generalized function

I am consider a very simple heat equation over the interval $[0, 1]$ with a Neumann BC and a very bad initial condition, written as:
$\partial_tu(t, x) = \partial^2_xu(t, x) + a(t, x)u(t, x)$, for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Extra regularity of Poisson problem having nonzero Neumann boundary condition in convex domain

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ be a convex simply connected domain having piecewise smooth boundary, $f\in L^2(\Omega)$ and $g\in H^{\frac 1 2}(\partial\Omega)$. Grisvard in [1] among others prove ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### What's a good resource for Hormander symbols of type (1/2, 1/2)?

I'm currently working with some pseudodifferential operators of Hormander class $L^{m}_{\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2}}$ and unfortunately many of the usual tools break down, due to difficulties with their ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Alternative representations of Sobolev space

Is there a way to represent a Sobolev space as the image of a fractional integral operator over an $L^p$ Lebesgue space? Yes, as it was comment, there is an answer for that in the book "Singular ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### How to pick out harmonics based on boundary conditions?

(..this is almost a continuation of my last question (which got closed!)...) Let me first rewrite one of the main results of this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf in a coordinate ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### W^2,p regularity for solutions of elliptic equations

I'm stucked in the following (maybe classical) issue concerning the $W^{2,p}$ regularity of solutions of a second order elliptic equations like $Lu=f$ in a bounded domain (say a ball) $\Omega$. I have ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Why pseudoconvexity is important in Partial differential equation theory?

I am a new researcher in mathematics and I work on convexity. Are convexity and pseudoconvexity related topics and in which respect to PDE theory ? One of the important results in PDE theory is the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### A contradiction to do with continuity? (involves chain rule)

Suppose for each $t$, $S(t) \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a domain (hypersurface). We have a diffeomorphism $D^0_t:S(0) \to S(t)$ for each $t$ such that it solves the ODE
$$\frac{d}{dt}D^0_t(\cdot) = ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Elliptic equations with divergence-free drift terms

Given
$\
\mathbf{u}\cdot \nabla c=\Delta c-a_{1}c+\rho \text{ on }\Omega $ with a $\Omega \subset
%TCIMACRO{\U{211d} }
%BeginExpansion
\mathbb{R}
%EndExpansion
^{2}$ bounded, $div$$(\mathbf{u})=0$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Helmhotz decomposition and Regularity in Stokes equation

It is known that every function $f\in L^{q}(\Omega )^{n}$ can be uniquely
decomposed as
\begin{eqnarray*}
\
f=f_{0}+\nabla Q, \text{ (Helmhotz decomposition)}
\
\end{eqnarray*} with $f_{0}\in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Inclusions between $L^p$ continuous functions and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

Working in $\mathbb{R}^{d}$, consider on the one hand the space of continuous $L^{p}$ functions (let's use $V$ to denote this space), and on the other the family $\{ F_ {\alpha}^{p, q} \}_{\alpha, q}$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Idea behind distributional solutions

I have a problem understanding the meaning of a distributional solution. Let me tell you the context the problem appeared: I read thorugh some papers by DiPerna and Lions concerning the Cauchy Problem ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### linear operator associated with semilinear elliptic pde

I am reading a paper where at some point they analyse the following linear operator:
$$L_\lambda(\phi)= - \Delta \phi - C_\lambda(x) \phi$$
where $ C_\lambda(x)>0$ (smooth) in $ \Omega$ a bounded ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Regularity of solution of nonlinear equation

Hi!
Let $L$ be a linear elliptic operator of order $4$ with smooth and bounded coefficients on the ball
$B_1$ of $R^{2n}$ and let $N\in C_{loc}^{0,\alpha}(R^{3})$.
Let $f\in C^{0,\alpha}(B_1)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

266 views

### Nonlinear PDE and Green functions

This is somewhat of a curiosity that can hide somewhat deeper. For a Green function of a nonlinear PDE I mean something like
$$
\partial^2\phi+V(\phi)=\delta^D(x).
$$
I do not know if a real ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Examples of non-uniqueness in reaction-diffusion equations

Consider the problem of finding a bounded classical solution $u:\mathbb{R}\times [0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ (such that $u$ is continuous and $u_t$, $u_x$ and $u_{xx}$ exist and are continuous on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Existence of solutions to a reaction-diffusion problem.

Consider the problem of finding a bounded classical solution $u:\mathbb{R}\times [0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ (such that $u$ is continuous and $u_t$, $u_x$ and $u_{xx}$ exist and are continuous on ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Similarity solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation

This problem arose in the course of a theoretical physics project. We seek (complex) solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation
$$u_t-iu u_x-iu_{H,xx}=0$$
where $u_H(x,t)$ denotes the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Laplacian type operator on compact Lie group

Consider the operator $S = \sum_{i,j} X_{ij}^2$ on $L^2(SO(n+1))$, where $X_{ij}$ generates the rotation of the sphere $S^n$ in the $ij$-plane keeping the $(n - 2)$ complementary directions fixed. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### P-laplacian equation

Hi guys,
in what sense the p-Laplacian is degenerate for p greater than 2 and singular for p smaller than 2 ?
Thank you!

**2**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Extension divergence-free, curl-converging vector field

Hi.
Consider a smooth open Set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ and a bounded sequence of vector fields $(u_n)_n \in L^2(\Omega)$ having $0$ divergence. I know how to extend this sequence to the whole ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

180 views

### Convergence rate of iterated nonlinear equations?

For $i=1, \dots, n$ ($n$ could be large) we have variables $x_i$ and $y_i$ relating to probability bounds s.t. $x_i, y_i \geq 0, x_i+y_i \leq 1 \; \forall i$. Each $i$ has a constant $\theta_i$, and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality in exterier domain

In $\mathbb{R}^N$, we know that the best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg is characterized by the solution $Q$ of $-\Delta u+u=|u|^2u$ with minimal mass. One have
$||u||_4^4\leq C||u||_2||\nabla ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Exponential decay for the gradient of a solution

Dear all,
I would like to prove the exponential decay of the derivatives of a solution to the following equation in $\mathbb{R}^N$:
$$
\sqrt{-\Delta+m^2} u +u= f(u),
$$
where I can assume that $m \neq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### How to apply Lagrange Multipliers to BCs of Time Dependent problems using finite elements?

I am trying to implement a finite element scheme using the method of lines (finite difference in time and finite element in space) and enforcing boundary conditions using Lagrange Multipliers. This ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### Recovering full regularity by energy method in the heat equation

Consider the heat equation
$$
u_t = u_{xx} + f,
$$
on the circle, and for a finite time interval. From Duhamel's principle one can deduce that $u\in L^\infty H^2$ if for instance $f\in L^\infty H^s$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### A limit involving a regularizing kernel

I am studying the following article by Benoit Perthame: http://www.mendeley.com/research/uniqueness-error-estimates-first-order-quasilinear-conservation-laws-via-kinetic-entropy-defect-measure/#
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Asymptotics of quasilinear elliptic equations with Dirac right hand side

On a small open neighborhood $U$ of $0 \in \mathbb{R}^n$, consider the quasilinear (possibly monotone) elliptic, scalar PDE in divergence form
$$\nabla \cdot(a(x,u,\nabla u)\nabla u) = \alpha ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Integrability of ground state solution for elliptic equation

For the solution of semi-linear elliptic equation, for example I'm considering the 2D cubic nonlinear Schroedinger equation, the correspongding elliptic equation is $\Delta u+u^3=u$, with $u>0$. By ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

247 views

### Variational Formulation of Boundary Value Problems With Unknown on the boundary

Suppose that we have a linear operator equation on $\Omega$ with Lipschitz boundary $\partial \Omega$,
\begin{eqnarray}
Lu &=& \frac{\partial u}{\partial t},
u(x,0) &=& u_0 \; \; ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Core of divergence form operator with unbounded coefficient

Consider the unbounded operator $L$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R^d})$ to be the self-adjoint extension of
$$Lf := \nabla \cdot \left(a(x) \nabla f(x) \right)$$ on $C^2_c(\mathbb{R^d})$.
I also assume that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

436 views

### Open sets and Poincaré's inequality

In many references, PoincarÃ© inequality is presented in the following way :
Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^d$ an open bounded set. We can find a constant $C$ which depend of $\Omega$ such that for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Equation of motion of a charged string in a twisted torus.

The flat torus background:
Say we want to study the sigma model of strings (closed strings $S^1= \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$) on a flat torus (for example $T^3=\mathbb{R}^3/\mathbb{Z}^3$ with a flat ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

429 views

### Comparision of cubic hermite finite element and cubic B-spline finite element (in condition nunmbers of stiffness matrix, or sth else)

Background
Consider the one dimensional second order elliptic PDE,
$$
\left\{\!\!
\begin{aligned}
& -(a(x)u'(x))'+b(x)u(x)=f(x)\qquad x\in[0,1]\\
& u(0)=u(1)=0
\end{aligned}
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### A free boundary problem by finite difference method

I wanna discretize the following free boundary problem
Find $u$ and $\Omega$ such that $\Delta u=1-\delta_0$ in $\Omega$ with the conditions $u=|\nabla u|=0$ on $\partial \Omega$.
I apply finite ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

254 views

### General solutions for HJB equations in a special case.

I am reading the book of Wendell Flemming in control theorem to learn the HJB equation
Here is the setting that interests me: Let $g_i: i=1,2$ be $C^2 =C^{2}(-\infty,\infty)$ functions such that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

277 views

### Vanishing solution of the Poisson equation at infinity

Hi, I am interested in finding some vanish bahavior at infinity of the solutions of this kind of equations:
$-\Delta\phi+a(x)\phi=b(x)$
where $a(x), b(x)\in L^{p}$ with $1\leq p\leq 3$. Besides ...