**1**

vote

**0**answers

227 views

### Convolution Estimates on a Smooth Manifold

Suppose $f,g$ are $a$-Hoelder continuous real-valued functions on some domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ satisfying
$$
\|f\|_{C^{0,a}(\bar\Omega)},\|g\|_{C^{0,a}(\bar\Omega)}<\infty.
$$
Then ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

407 views

### Calculating a distributional derivative

Suppose that we have a sequence of functions $u_j$ that are in $L^{\infty}(0,1)$. Then the sequence of maps $N_j(s) := \|u_j(s)\|^2$ are also in $L^{\infty}(0,1)$. Hence they give rise to ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

587 views

### duality argument in PDE

Can anyone please explain the term 'duality argument', or the difference between this term and the weak formulation in PDE analysis? Or give some references?
Occasionally I see this term appears in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

278 views

### Existence of PDE system (mean curvature flow coupled with surface PDE)

Hi all,
What should I look for if I want to study existence/uniqueness of the system of PDEs:
$$u_t -\Delta u + u\nabla \cdot v = f(u) \quad\text{on $\Gamma(t)$}$$
$$X_t = \kappa N(X) + u \quad ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### Where to learn about parabolic Hölder spaces and when to use them

Is there a good resource from where I can learn about parabolic Hölder spaces? I see quite a few different definitions of this space in different papers. I am clueless about why, for example, one may ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

429 views

### Rellich-Kondrachov compactness theorem in arbitrary smooth metric measure spaces

Consider a smooth metric measure space in which the integral of a gradient is meaningful. For example in the sense of upper gradients of Heinonen, or on a riemannian manifold with the associated ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

340 views

### Application of inverse function theorem to get short time existence

I am reading a book on curve shortening flow. Optionally, please see this image for the page that is confusing me (I am not allowed to include it in this post since I'm new): ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Boundary regularity of quasiconformal homeomorphisms of the unit disk ?

Hello, I asked this question before, but didn't get any response, so I took the liberty of asking once again , with slightly modified version of the question:
Consider an orientation-preserving ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

871 views

### Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE

I saw several papers that without proof accept the fact "Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE" is there any affirmative proof of this fact?
in which book we have this fact, the number of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

101 views

### base change for distributions

For distributions on smooth manifolds one can consider the push-forward which is defined for proper maps, and the pull-back which is defined under certain condition on the wave front set see ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Wavefront set of a product

Let $H$ be the Heaviside function. If $f(x_1,x_2)=H(x_2)$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$, then $WF(f)=N^*\{x_2=0\}$. Similarly, if $g(x_1,x_2)=H(x_1^2-x_2)$, I think the wavefront set of $g$ is the conormal ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

703 views

### Existence of solution to quasilinear parabolic PDEs

Hello.
I want to prove the existence of a weak solution to:
Find $u:S^1 \times [0,T) \to \mathbb{R}$ such that
$$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t} = u^{n_1}\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2} + u^{n_2}$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Stability of Dirichlet data for Helmholtz equation

I'm dealing with the Helmholtz equation $\Delta u +k^2u=0$ in a exterior region $R^3/D$ ( $D$ opened and bounded) of a three dimensional space with Dirichlet boundary condition $u=g$ on $\partial D$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

691 views

### Question about an estimate in Hörmander's proof of Cartan's Theorem B

I have been working through the proof of Cartan's Theorem B that Hörmander gives in his book 'Introduction to Complex Analysis in Several Variables'. When I began, I skipped over some of the initial ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### Higher order partial derivatives and global regularity.

Let $f$ be a function of two variables $x$ and $y$. Assume that $f$ is $C^1$. Assume that $f_{xx}$ exists and continuous.
Is it true that $f_{xy}$ exists and continuous?
Is it true that $f_{yx}$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

172 views

### Pitfalls when generalizing the heat kernel of a Riemannian metric

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with some compact quotient under isometries.
Associated with the Riemannian metric one has the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ and the heat kernel $p(t,x,y)$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

267 views

### Pullback of harmonic forms.

If $f \colon X \to Y$ is a holomorphic map between Kaehler manifolds, then the pullback of a harmonic form on $Y$ is not necessarily harmonic on $X$, even if $f$ is an immersion. This came up during a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Uniform equicontinuity of a family of indefinite integrals

Let $f_k$ be a sequence of measurable functions on $\mathbb{R}^k$ where $k > 1$. (Let us be generous and also assume that $f_k$ is locally integrable.) Does anyone know what the phrase
uniform ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

86 views

### Neumann problem in case f=1

Is there a solution to the following problem?
$-\Delta u = 1$ in $\Omega$ and $\frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} = 0$ on $\partial \Omega$.
where $\Omega$ is bounded.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### eigenfunction of heat operator.

Let $\Delta$ be the usual Laplacian on $\mathbb R^n$, $\Delta=-\sum_{i=1}^n\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x_i^2}$. Consider the heat operator $H_t=e^{-t\Delta}$. Is there an eigenfunction of $H_t$ which ...

**24**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Why is symplectic geometry so important in modern PDE ?

First, we recall that symplectic manifold is a smooth manifold, $M$, equipped with a closed nondegenerate differential 2-form, $\omega$, called the symplectic form. The study of symplectic manifolds ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

855 views

### book on PDE on manifolds

let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\alpha$ be any some unknown form on $M$. I am interested in solutions or some references of the equation of type $(d + \delta) \alpha = 0$ where $\delta$ is the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

398 views

### Can one understand the Kelvin transform conceptually?

Let $U = \mathbf{R}^n - \{ 0 \}$, $n > 2$ and consider for a function $f \in C^2(U)$ the Kelvin transform
$$f^\star(x) = r^{2-n} f\left(\frac{x}{r^2}\right),$$
where $r = \lvert x \rvert$. One ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

435 views

### Are isospectral manifolds necessarily homeomorphic?

It's known that there are pairs of closed Riemannian manifolds which are isospectral but not isometric.
Is it known if there are closed Riemannian manifolds which are isospectral but not ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### On a family of $C^0$-convergent Riemann metrics

I am dealing with the following concrete situation that could be familiar to Riemannian geometers more experienced than myself.
Suppose that $M$ is a smooth compact manifold of dimension $m$ and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

675 views

### when a pseudo-differential operators to be compact?

In the theory of Pseudo-differential operators,when a symbol $a(x,\xi)\in S^{0}$,then the operator $a(x,D)$ defined by$$a(x,D)u=\int{e^{ix\xi}a(x,\xi)\widehat{u}}d \xi$$ is $L^2$ bounded.$ $
My ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

198 views

### The approximation to perturbed KdV Equation

Consider the perturbed KdV Equation $$u_t-6uu_x+u_{xxx}=\epsilon u$$,I want to use perturbative expansion to construct the solution as the form $$u=u(x,t;\epsilon)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty\epsilon^n ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

451 views

### the inverse for the trace theorem

The trace theorem says that the restriction of a $W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ function $u$, $Tu$ belongs to $W^{1-1/p,p}(\partial\Omega)$ if $\Omega$ satisfies some smooth condition, for example, $\Omega$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### The perturbed KdV Equation

I'm now studying KdV Equation$$u_t-6uu_x+u_{xxx}=0$$To solve the initial-value problem,we can use method of Lax pair,so we can alter the original problem to the problem of solving out $u$ in the ...

**14**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Square roots of the Laplace operator

In several places in the literature (e.g. this paper of Caffarelli and Silvestre), I've seen an integral formula for fractional Laplacians. I'd like to understand it. In this question, I'll stick to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

149 views

### $L^2$-de-Rham complex on Lipschitz domains has smooth harmonic forms?

I would like to know for which choice of boundary conditions the title statement is true.
Let $\Omega$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain in $\mathbb R^n$, for which we regard the $L^2$-de-Rham complex.
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

787 views

### (sharp)Garding's inequality and inequality with lower bounds

The origin of Garding's inequality was an effort to solve Dirichlet's problem for linear elliptic operators of high even order.Let $$P(x,D)= \sum a_{\alpha}(x)D^{\alpha}$$ with principal part ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### Does there exists a necessary condition for Lp multiplier?

Let $1 \leq p \leq 2$. A measurable function $m(\xi)$ is called a $L^p(R^n)$ ($L^p$ for convenience) multiplier, if $$\|m(D)\varphi\|/\|\varphi\|_{L^p} \leq C , \varphi \in L^p
$$ for some constant ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

102 views

### Is $C_c(\mathbb{R}^2,\mathbb{R}^2)$ dense in the irrotational square integrable functions?

Let $L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n$ be the set of square integrable functions which are the weak derivative of a locally square integrable function. That is
$$L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n=\{Du\colon u\in ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

232 views

### Must Neuman Elliptic operator has discrete spectrum ?

It is well known that the Neuman eigenvalue problem has discrete spectrum and the eigen values are
nonnegative and can be arranged in a nondecreasing order of magnitude.
Do we need any smoothness ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

268 views

### Strichartz estimates of damped wave equation

If $w(t,x)$ is a solution of wave equation
$$
w_{tt}-\triangle w = 0, w(0)=w_0, w_t(0)=w_1,
$$
then $w$ satisfies the following Strichartz esitmates
$$
\|w\|_{L^q_tL^r_x} \lesssim \|w_0\|_{H^1} + ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

676 views

### what's the motivation of Weyl calculus ?

In the pseudo-differential operator theory, we can define a pseudo-differential operator by $$a(x,D)u=(2\pi)^{-n}\int{a(x,\xi)e^{i\langle x-y,\xi \rangle}u(y)dyd\xi}$$ with $a(x,\xi)$ belong to some ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

726 views

### Convergence of solutions to Navier-Stokes to Euler's equation for viscosity $\to$ zero

Let
$$
\partial_t u + \nabla_u u = - \nabla p
$$
be Euler's equation (Wikipedia) for an ideal incompressible fluid. Let
$$
\partial_t u + \nabla_u u - \nu \Delta u = - \nabla p
$$
be the ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Physical Interpretation of Robin Boundary Conditions

In a (bounded) domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, if we're studying the Laplace equation or heat equation or such PDE's we can impose the Dirichlet
$u|_{\partial\Omega} \equiv 0$,
Neumann
$D_{\nu} ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

735 views

### Example for the Sobolev embedding theorem when p=n.

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^2$. By the Sobolev embedding theorem, if $k>\frac np$ (in this case $k>\frac 2p$) then
$u\in W^{k,p}(U) \implies u\in C^{k-[\frac 2 ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

464 views

### partial differential equations with mixed boundary conditions

hi,
does anyone know some good references (books, papers) on partial differential equations with mixed boundary conditions ?
actually I am intrested in the following: Let ...

**3**

votes

**6**answers

605 views

### Fractional Leibniz formula

Let $T=(-\Delta)^{1/2}$.
Can we have estimates, similar to the one below
$$
\| T^{\alpha}(fg)-(T^{\alpha}f)g-f(T^{\alpha}g) \|_p \leq \|T^{\alpha-1}f\|_p \|T^{\alpha-1}g\|_p,
$$
hold in $L^p$, where ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

375 views

### A property on the Green-St Venant strain tensor

Green-St Venant strain tensor is defined by $E(u)={1\over 2}[\nabla u+(\nabla u)^T+(\nabla u)^T\nabla u]$, where $\nabla u$ is the displacement gradient.
Show that
$u\in H^1(\Omega), E(u)\in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Lower bound on the solution of a Schrödinger-type equation

Consider the equation
$-\Delta u + Vu=f$,
on a closed manifold (or on a bounded domain with homogeneous Neumann condition). Here one can assume whatever integrability or smoothness conditions on $V$ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

335 views

### Does these commutator estimates bound in $L^{2}$

According to the basic rules of symbolic caculus,$[a(x,D),x_{j}]=-ia^{j}[x,D]$.So we have $[(1-\triangle)^{\frac{1}{2}},x_i]=\partial_i(1-\triangle)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$ which is $L^2$ bounded.
It's also ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

412 views

### Smooth Sobolev extension from $W^{1,p}(U)$ to $W^{1,p} (\mathbb{R}^n) $

The question I would be asking is roughly : do the smooth Sobolev functions defined on an open bounded domain extend to smooth Sobolev functions on the Euclidean space ?
For detail :
Fix $p \geq 1. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

236 views

### Density of $H^{1/2}(\partial \Omega)$ in $L_2(\partial\Omega)$

Hi,
i know that the following statement is used extensively, but i cannot find a proof anywhere:
For $\Omega$ a Lipschitz domain with boundary $\Gamma$, the space $H^{1/2}(\Gamma)$ is dense in ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

967 views

### Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### elliptic system; bounds on $v$ when $u$ is small

I am interested in the following system
$-\Delta u = f(u,v) $
$-\Delta v = g(u,v)$ in $ \Omega$ a bounded domain in $ R^N$ with $ u=v=0$ on the boundary.
The solutions are smooth and positive. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

314 views

### sobolev embedding theorem in the smooth metric measure space

we know the sobolev embedding theorem of Saloff-Coste
$\Big(\int_B|F|^{2q}d\mu\Big)^{\frac1q}\le e^{C(1+\sqrt KR)}V^{-2/n}R^2\int_B\Big(|\nabla F|^2+R^{-2}F^2\Big)d\mu
$
wtih $Ric\ge-(n-1)K$, for ...