Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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1
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1answer
217 views

In which way is this a linearization of the Gross-Pitaevskii-Equation?

In their paper [1] (full text at [2]) Bethuel et al on page 249 (bottom) linearize the moving frame Gross-Pitaevskii-Equation $0=-ic \partial_{x_1} \widetilde{v} - \Delta \widetilde{v} - ...
0
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1answer
76 views

Integral of a harmonic function on a manifold with two non-parabolic ends

Let M be a complete Riemannian manifold.Suppose there are two non-parabolic ends on M with respect to $M\backslash {B_p}\left( {{R_0}} \right)$Then there is a harmonic function f on M.Is it right that ...
2
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0answers
86 views

P-laplacian equation

Hi guys, in what sense the p-Laplacian is degenerate for p greater than 2 and singular for p smaller than 2 ? Thank you!
10
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1answer
533 views

Do eigenfunctions of elliptic operator form basis of $H^k(M)$?

We know that the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on a compact manifold $M$ form a countable basis of $H^1(M)$ and $L^2(M)$. If $L$ is a $2k$-order elliptic operator, do the eigenfunctions of $L$ ...
2
votes
0answers
182 views

Extension divergence-free, curl-converging vector field

Hi. Consider a smooth open Set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ and a bounded sequence of vector fields $(u_n)_n \in L^2(\Omega)$ having $0$ divergence. I know how to extend this sequence to the whole ...
22
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1answer
1k views

What goes wrong for the Sobolev embeddings at $k=n/p$?

For $u\in W^{k,p}(U)$, where $U\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ is open and bounded with $C^1$-boundary, we have the celebrated Sobolev inequalities: If $k < n/p$ then $u\in L^q(U)$ for $q$ satisfying ...
1
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0answers
81 views

Orthogonal projection of discontinuous piecewise polynomial space in energy scalar product

Let $I = [0,1]$ be the unit interval Let $I$ be partioned into $n$ closed subintervals $(I_j)_J$, each of length $1/n$. Let $X_{DC} = \{ v \in L^2[0,1] | 1 \leq j \leq n : v_{|I_j} \in \mathcal P_1( ...
1
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2answers
239 views

Regularity of parabolic equation; divergence free drift

I am curious about weak solutions of the parabolic problem $ u_t - \Delta u + a(x,t) \cdot \nabla u = f(x,t)$ in $ \Omega \times (0,\infty)$ with $ u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$. Here $a(x,t)$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
179 views

Stokes problem; naive question on the regularity of pressure term

I am attempting to recall some basic knowledge related to Stokes' problem. In particular I am following along in Evans PDE book in section 8.4. So lets assume that $-\Delta u + \nabla P = f $ in $ ...
1
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0answers
163 views

multivalued solution of a equation

Definition: A scalar k-th order differential equation on a smooth manifold $M$ , is $F(x,v,\frac{\partial {^\left | \sigma \right |}v}{\partial x^\sigma })=0 $ for $\left | \sigma \right |\leqslant ...
0
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1answer
132 views

Higher dimensional analogue of Kellog's theorem? (Holder continuity of solution to Dirichlet problem with Holder continuous boundary data)

Let $f:S^n\to C$ be a continuous function, $n\geq 1$. When $n=1$, this is a well-known theorem, called Kellog's theorem (or sometimes Kellog-Warschawski's theorem) which states the following Theorem: ...
7
votes
1answer
296 views

Linearization instability and singular points of algebraic varieties

In a well known 1973 paper, Fischer and Marsden pointed out (with similar, contemporary remarks made in the physics literature by Brill and Deser) that the space of solutions of some non-linear ...
0
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0answers
143 views

Splitting the action of functionals in duals of Sobolev spaces

Update: After some more thinking and asking I've come to the conclusion that there is no reasonable way to achieve this for all possible $\varphi$ because of the mixed terms. I believe something ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Coarea formula in a subelliptic context

Consider smooth vector fields $X_1,..,X_k$ in ${\mathbb R}^n$, satisfying the H\"ormander condition, i.e. for all $x$, the Lie algebra generated by $X_1(x),...,X_k(x)$ is ${\mathbb R}^n$. Do you know ...
2
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1answer
150 views

How to compute the first eigenvalue of hyperbolic space ${H^2}$and ${H^n}$?

How to compute the first eigenvalue of hyperbolic space ${H^2}$and ${H^n}$?
0
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1answer
314 views

Existence of a function

[also asked here http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/307197] All arguments are in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Suppose $n(x)$ is a smooth function where $\mathbf{supp}(n(x)-1)$ is a compact set $\Omega$. ...
4
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1answer
823 views

Nash's paper on parabolic equations.

I am currently studying the paper "CONTINUITY OF SOLUTIONS OF PARABOLIC AND ELLIPTIC EQUATIONS" by John Nash (cf. American Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 80, 1958). The author there establishes some a ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Boundedness of a given boundary value problem.

I've been given the following BVP: \begin{align*} -\Delta u = u- u^3,\: x\in \Omega \end{align*}\begin{align} u = 0,\: x\in \partial \Omega \end{align} where $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is bounded. ...
2
votes
0answers
198 views

Convergence rate of iterated nonlinear equations?

For $i=1, \dots, n$ ($n$ could be large) we have variables $x_i$ and $y_i$ relating to probability bounds s.t. $x_i, y_i \geq 0, x_i+y_i \leq 1 \; \forall i$. Each $i$ has a constant $\theta_i$, and ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

Is there a good way to estimate the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\lambda-iP(\xi)}$

Assume that P is a real valued strong elliptic polynomial, then what do we know about the following $$ K(\lambda,x)=\int{\frac{e^{ix\xi}}{\lambda-iP(\xi)}}d\xi,\quad \lambda\in \mathbb{R}\0 $$ The ...
0
votes
1answer
213 views

Quantitative Global Schauder Estimates/Hölder Regularity

Consider the linear second order elliptic Dirichlet problem $$-\nabla\cdot (a\nabla u)\quad u=0 \text{ on }\partial\Omega$$ Condtion 1:$\Lambda |\xi|^2\geq\sum a_{i,j}(x) \xi_i \xi_j \geq \lambda ...
0
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0answers
278 views

Eigenfunctions of the laplace on the 2-sphere with conformal metric induced by schwarzschild

Hi, it's well known that the coordinates $x_1$, $x_2$, $x_3$ are the first three eigenfunctions with positiv eigenvalues ($=2/r^2$) of the negative laplace-beltrami operator ${-}\triangle$ on the ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

on an inequality of Brezis-Lieb

In their 1983 JFA paper Brezis and Lieb have shown, among many other things, a Poincaré-type inequality: in the case of a harmonic function $f$ on a bounded domain $\Omega$, their inequality ((3.14) ...
0
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0answers
205 views

“Integration by parts” formula for functionals

We know that for a Hilbert triple $V \subset H \subset V^{'}$, if we have $u, v \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u',v' \in L^2(0,T;V')$ then $$\frac{d}{dt}(u(t), v(t))_H = u'(t)(v(t)) + v'(t)(u(t))$$ where the ...
2
votes
1answer
621 views

Norm of differential operator between Sobolev spaces

It is easy to check that the differential operator $\partial^a$ (where $\alpha\in \mathbb{N}_0^n$) is continuous between the Sobolev spaces (with usual norms) $W^{m,p}(U)\to W^{m-|\alpha|,p}(U)$, ...
1
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0answers
123 views

Spectrum of Combinatorial Laplacian

The spectrum of the combinatorial laplacian is well understood for a square lattice. What about for other lattices? In particular: Let $ f: \mathbb{Z}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R} $. The usual ...
4
votes
0answers
191 views

Viscosity solution of the PDE

Let $\Omega$ be bounded domain, $u=0$ on $\delta\Omega$ and $$|Du|-f(x,u)=0$$ where $f\ge 0$ and $f$ is strictly monotone for fixed $x.$ I am looking for the reference to show that it has unique ...
3
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0answers
255 views

well-posedness of the transport equation

I asked this question before on math exchange but did not have any luck with an answer. I would like to consider a simple example but get a thorough understanding of the theory behind it. I am ...
6
votes
2answers
270 views

Uniform bound on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian

Is it possibly to have $L_\infty$ bounds on the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian operator on bounded regular domains with Dirichlet condition? I found several papers by Sogge but these are pretty ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Robin-Laplacian in unbounded domains

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^n$ be an open domain and $\tau>0$. Consider the following boundary value problem $-\Delta v=f $ in $\Omega$, $\partial_\nu v+\tau v=g$ on $\partial\Omega$. If ...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

Solvability for constant-coefficient partial differential operators

Let $\mathcal{S}$ denote the space of Schwartz functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$, and $\mathcal{S}'$ the space of tempered distributions. Let $L$ denote a linear, constant-coefficient, partial differential ...
6
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0answers
338 views

Lax Pairs for Linear PDEs

I'm trying to understand the discussion around equation (2.1) of the paper http://www.jstor.org/stable/53053. It says that the linear PDE $M(\partial_x,\partial_y)q=0$ with constant coefficients has ...
1
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0answers
198 views

Reference request: Anisotropic Sobolev spaces

Hello, I am interested in what is known about anisotropic Sobolev spaces, by which I mean spaces of functions satisfying $ \| f \|_p < \infty, \|Df \|_q < \infty, $ where $p \ne q$ (as ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Quantitative Weierstrass Approximation and Paley-Wiener for the Laplace Transform II

This is a modification of a previous question. Question: Suppose $a(s)\in C^\infty([0,1])$ and $H(s,x)\in C^\infty([0,1]\times [0,1])$ with $H(s,x)>0$, $\forall s,x\in [0,1]$. Suppose, ...
9
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3answers
393 views

Boundedness of the derivative of the trace of an H^1 function

As a research preface, this question is linked to a problem of increasing magnetism in Ginzburg-Landau equations that I have distilled for the purpose of getting to the bottom of this technical ...
0
votes
0answers
142 views

Looking for higher order Sobolev inequality

Hello, On a compact (without boundary) Riemannian manifold (eg. some surface in $\mathbb{R}^n$), I'm looking for a result like $$\lVert \nabla u\rVert_{L^2}^2 \leq \epsilon\lVert ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

A 'conjecture' on critical elliptic pde

I conjecture the following. Let $\Omega=\mathbb{R}^3-\overline{B_1(0)}$. Define $$E_{\Omega}(u)=\frac{1}{2}\int_{\Omega}|\nabla u|^2dx-\frac{1}{6}\int_{\Omega}|u|^6dx.$$ $E_{\mathbb{R}^3}$ is defined ...
12
votes
1answer
534 views

Symbols of elliptic operators

First let me state the problem, then I'll explain its origin and finally, I'll ask the main question.. Problem S. Fix a positive integer $n$. Find all the pairs $(V, S)$, whith the following ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

A critical elliptic PDE

I am considering the problem $-\Delta u=|u|^4u$, $x\in \Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^3$, $u|_{\partial \Omega}=0$. Where $\Omega$ is a unbounded domain. Some special case like $\Omega=\mathbb{R}^3-B_1(0)$, ...
2
votes
2answers
195 views

The logarithmic fast diffusion equation in one space variable with periodic boundary conditions.

I need to know about this non-linear logarithmic fast diffusion equation for a function $u(x,t)$ of one space variable $x$ and time $t$: $$ u_t = (\ln u)_{xx}$$ which is to run on an interval $ a \leq ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality in exterier domain

In $\mathbb{R}^N$, we know that the best constant of Gagliardo-Nirenberg is characterized by the solution $Q$ of $-\Delta u+u=|u|^2u$ with minimal mass. One have $||u||_4^4\leq C||u||_2||\nabla ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

The distribution of roots of elliptic polynomial

If $p(x)$ is an $n$ variables polynomial of even degree with complex coefficients which satisfies the strong elliptic condition, that is, Re$p(x) \ge C|x|^{2m}$ for any $x \in \mathbb R^n$ where $2m$ ...
1
vote
1answer
349 views

Existence of solution for this parabolic PDE

The parabolic PDE $$\langle u', v \rangle + a(u,v) = \langle f, v \rangle$$ has a unique solution $u \in L^2(0,T; H^1)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$ if $a$ is a bounded and coercive bilinear form ...
1
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2answers
248 views

Are $\lVert \Delta u \rVert_{L^2(S)}$ and $\lVert u \rVert_{H^2(S)}$ equivalent norms on a compact manifold?

Hi, I am looking for the result: $$\text{The norm} \quad \lVert \Delta u \rVert_{L^2(S)} \quad \text{is equivalent to} \quad \lVert u \rVert_{H^2(S)}$$ for scalar functions $u \in H^2(S)$, where $S$ ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

variation of the obstacle in the obstacle problem

Suppose $D \subset \Bbb C$ with smooth boundary. Let $f \in C^{1,1}(D)$. Let $\varphi$ be the supremum of all members in the set $$\lbrace g \in C^{\infty}(\overline{D})| g \ is \ subharmonic \ and ...
2
votes
2answers
284 views

how many nonparabolic ends guarantee a nonconstant harmonic function on Riemannian manifold?

M is a Riemannian manifold.An end E is said to be a non-parabolic end if it admits a positive Green's function with Neumann boundary conditon on E.Otherwise,it is a parabolic end.If M has more than ...
1
vote
1answer
476 views

weak derivative and continuous function

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact smooth hypersurface. Suppose $\varphi \in C_c^\infty(0,T; H^1(\Omega))$ is a $H^1(\Omega)$-valued test function (so $\varphi(t) \in H^1(\Omega)$ for each ...
9
votes
3answers
562 views

Space of sections of a fibre bundle with non-compact base space

Let $\pi: E \rightarrow M$ be a fiber bundle over the manifold M and denote by $\Gamma(E)$ the space of smooth sections of $E$. For compact $M$ it is well known (Hamilton 1982, Part II Corollary ...
1
vote
2answers
281 views

Fourier transform of function on compact set and Sobolev norm equivalence

Hi all. My question on M.SE is unanswered (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/254970/fourier-transform-of-function-defined-on-subset-of-mathbbrn) so I want to post it here. I changed it slightly. ...
7
votes
3answers
480 views

abstract evolution equations

Hi Whenever I read a book on evolution equations, they set up, say the parabolic PDE $$\dot{y} = Ay + f$$ in abstract function spaces (eg. $L^2(0,T;V)$ and $L^2(0,T;V^*)$). In examples, they always ...