Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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-2
votes
1answer
531 views

System of first order PDE

I have a system of first-order nonlinear partial differential equations. $$A(x,t)\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}(x,t) + B(x,t)\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}(x,t) + c(x,t) = 0$$ $$x \in \mathbb{R}, \quad ...
4
votes
2answers
437 views

Reference on Semigroup Theory and Parabolics PDE'S

Recently started to study Semigroup Theory. My background is equivalent to the first three chapters of the Jack Hale's book, Asymptotic Behavior of Dissipative Systems. Looking for a reference to an ...
1
vote
0answers
292 views

Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator $$ \mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x})) $$ where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...
10
votes
1answer
379 views

Lie $2$-groups and differential equations

I was reading the abstract of a recent preprint (Division Algebras and Supersymmetry III by Juhn Huerta), and I wondered if something much simpler than what he was talking about had been worked on: ...
6
votes
0answers
356 views

How to estimate isoperimetric constant?

Suppose $(X^m, g)$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $m$ with the following properties, There is a constant $\kappa$ such that $\kappa r^m \leq Vol(B(x, r)) \leq \kappa^{-1} r^m$ for ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Convergence of finite element method: counterexamples

There are many known results proving convergence of finite element method for elliptic problems under certain assumptions on underlying mesh [e.g., Braess,2007]. Which of these common assumptions are ...
8
votes
1answer
500 views

How does electric potential relate to mean curvature?

Consider a compact, convex domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with $|\Omega|=1$ with smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$. Now consider the electric potential generated by this uniform mass ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Test function .

For a smooth test function \eta and some constant C is it possible to have an estimate like the following? |grad \eta|^2 < C {\eta}^2 ? Thanks.
1
vote
0answers
200 views

A regularity question on the Beltrami equation $ f_\bar{z} =\mu . f_z$ on $D$

Hello, This question is related to Chapter V, lemma 3 on page 54 of Lars Ahlfors' 'Lectures on Quasiconformal mappings' which states : If $\mu:\mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{D} \in W^{1,p}(\mathbb{C}), p ...
15
votes
8answers
2k views

Applications of PDE in mathematical subjects other than geometry & topology

Partial differential equations have been used to establish fundamental results in mathematics such as the uniformization theorem, Hodge-deRham theory, the Nash embedding theorem, the Calabi-Yau ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

History of fundamental solutions

I have a few questions on the history of PDE. Who first wrote down the formula for the solution of the Cauchy problem for the heat equation involving the heat kernel? I have seen it called Poisson's ...
5
votes
1answer
280 views

A nonlinear system with special structure

Suppose we have an $n \times n$ uniform grid, covering $[-1,1] \times [-1,1]$ (typically, n $\approx$ 500). We have a smooth, differentiable function $z(x,y)$ that we want to determine on the nodes of ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

optimality of energy estimates for non smooth metric

Consider the linear (geometric) wave equation in dimension (3+1) with non smooth background metric $g$ say $g \in L^\infty_t H^3_x$ and $\partial_t g \in L^\infty H^2_x$, then energy estimates enable ...
9
votes
1answer
372 views

When is a given matrix of two forms a curvature form?

Let's assume we are working over $\mathbb{R}^n$ (but feel free to change to domain to answer the question). I wish to know if the equation $F = dA + A \wedge A$ can be solved for a matrix of $1$-forms ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

decay for spatially discrete parabolic equations with non-constant non-self-adjoint right hand side

Consider the following uniformly parabolic lattice differential equation $ \begin{array}{ccc} \dot{u}_{n,m} & = & \alpha_{n,m}(u_{n+1,m} - u_{n,m}) + \beta_{n,m}(u_{n-1,m}-u_{n,m}) \\ & ...
11
votes
1answer
619 views

On the definition of regularity

In the litterature on D-modules, there are many definitions of regularity of holonomic D-modules. (1) Bernstein first defines regularity on a curve then says a holonomic D-module is regular if its ...
1
vote
2answers
497 views

Hölder estimates on solutions of non-linear elliptic PDE.

In his book "Some non-linear problems in Riemannian geometry" T. Aubin states the following result (Theorem 3.56): Let $A(u)=F(x,u,\nabla u,\nabla^2u)$ be a non-linear second order differential ...
0
votes
1answer
559 views

Units of time in the gradient flow equation?

From the energy functional, we can derive the Euler-Lagrange equation and its corresponding gradient flow equation. My question is, what is the physical unit for ``time'' in the gradient flow ...
3
votes
1answer
573 views

are there soliton solutions for Euler and Navier-Stokes Equation

I'm now reading papers about the the well-posedness of Euler and Navier-Stokes Equation, so I wonder if we have soliton solutions for this two equations just like for KdV equation. I'm interested in ...
0
votes
1answer
751 views

Functionals continuous with respect to weak convergence

It's well known that a functional of the form $u \mapsto \int f(u) dx$ is continuous with respect to weak convergence (say weak* convergence in $L^\infty$) if and only if the function $f$ is affine. ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

Are there any physical phenomena of the heat transfer critically depending on diffusion coefficient?

Hello, I am considering the following non-linear heat equation $$ \left(\frac{\partial}{\partial t}-\nu\: \Delta \right) u(t,x) = F(t,x) \sigma(u(t,x)),\qquad (t,x)\in R_+\times R^d $$ where ...
8
votes
8answers
3k views

Textbooks for PDE between Strauss and Folland

Walter A. Strauss's Partial Differential Equations: An Introduction is a classic PDE textbook for the undergraduate students. While Folland's Introduction to Partial Differential Equations, is a nice ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

Unconditional nonexistence for the heat equation with rapidly growing data?

Consider the initial value problem $$ \partial_t u = \partial_{xx} u$$ $$ u(0,x) = u_0(x)$$ for the heat equation in one dimension, where $u_0: {\bf R} \to {\bf R}$ is a smooth initial datum and $u: ...
1
vote
0answers
234 views

Geometric description of Jacobi's theorem on complete integrals of HJ eqn.

I am not sure if this question is adapted to this site, if it is not, then I will delete it. The Hamilton--Jacobi theory is about the connection between: the solutions of an Hamilton--Jacobi ...
0
votes
0answers
486 views

characteristic surface

Hello, I have the following 4 PDEs which I am trying to solve for $G(x,y,z)$ : (1) $G_{xy}=0$ (2) $G_{xz}=0$ (3) $G_{yz}=0$ (4) $G_{xx}-G_{yy}=0$. It is not hard to see that the general ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Convergence of elliptic operators

Let $A_t$ be family of second order, positive, elliptic differential operator mapping Sobolev $H^2$ of a compact smooth manifold (or bounded domain) to L^2. Suppose that the coefficients of $A_t$ ...
2
votes
0answers
428 views

Comparision of cubic hermite finite element and cubic B-spline finite element (in condition nunmbers of stiffness matrix, or sth else)

Background Consider the one dimensional second order elliptic PDE, $$ \left\{\!\! \begin{aligned} & -(a(x)u'(x))'+b(x)u(x)=f(x)\qquad x\in[0,1]\\ & u(0)=u(1)=0 \end{aligned} ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

Regularity properties of the derivatives of a particular function on $D \times D\to \bar{D} $ ?

This question might sound a little less rigorously formulated, but I hope the question still makes sense. Let $h: S^1 \to S^1$ be an oriention-preserving homeomorphism and let $p(z,t) = ...
3
votes
0answers
170 views

Numerical solution

Last time, I asked this question but after discussing with some friends, I have given up finding closed-form solutions. Now I have a simpler question.Let $g_i: i=1,2$ be $C^2 =C^{2}(-\infty,\infty)$ ...
3
votes
1answer
812 views

regularity of solution of linear elliptic PDE

I am interested in the boundary regularity of solutions of $ L(u) = f(x) \ge 0$ in $ \Omega$ with zero Dirichlet boundary conditions, here $L(u) = (-\Delta)^\frac{\alpha}{2}$ where $ 0 < \alpha ...
2
votes
0answers
249 views

A free boundary problem by finite difference method

I wanna discretize the following free boundary problem Find $u$ and $\Omega$ such that $\Delta u=1-\delta_0$ in $\Omega$ with the conditions $u=|\nabla u|=0$ on $\partial \Omega$. I apply finite ...
3
votes
1answer
313 views

Embeddings for spaces of maximal regularity

Let $T\in(0,\infty)$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a smooth domain. In terms of maximal regularity it can be very beneficial to know for which $s_i,p,n$ the following holds true ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Image of the trace operator

It is well-known that we have the trace theorem for Sobolev spaces. Let $\Omega$ be an open domain with smooth boundary, we know that the map $$ T: C^1(\bar\Omega) \to C^1(\partial\Omega) \subset ...
1
vote
3answers
445 views

Finding an $H^1$ function given its values on $\partial\Omega$

Background I've met this problem when I was trying to convert a elliptic PDE problem into the corresponding variational problem in order to apply finite element method. The PDE is an elliptic PDE ...
2
votes
1answer
564 views

Endpoint Strichartz Estimates for the Schrödinger Equation

The non-endpoint Strichartz estimates for the (linear) Schrödinger equation: $$ \|e^{i t \Delta/2} u_0 \|_{L^q_t L^r_x(\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^d)} \lesssim \|u_0\|_{L^2_x(\mathbb{R}^d)} $$ $$ 2 ...
7
votes
1answer
393 views

What would the best treatment of Gehring's lemma look like?

In a course about elliptic regularity probably one sooner or later stubles into the reverse Holder inequalities, and has to introduce the Gehring lemma, which in one of its many versions improves a ...
3
votes
0answers
328 views

kernel of the conformal Laplacian

Let $M$ be a smooth, closed manifold of dimension $n>2$. Let $L_g$ be the conformal Laplacian of the metric $g$. That is, $L_g=-\Delta_g + \frac{n-2}{4(n-1)}R_g$, where $R_g$ is the scalar ...
2
votes
0answers
254 views

General solutions for HJB equations in a special case.

I am reading the book of Wendell Flemming in control theorem to learn the HJB equation Here is the setting that interests me: Let $g_i: i=1,2$ be $C^2 =C^{2}(-\infty,\infty)$ functions such that ...
4
votes
1answer
503 views

regularity of solutions of fractional laplacian

Hello, I am looking for boundary regularity of solutions of $(-\Delta)^s u= f(x)$ in $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions and where $f $ is nice enough say $f\in C^{1,\alpha}(\overline\Omega)$. ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

Is there such a priori estimates for mean curvature type equation?

I am dealing with a mean curvature type equation as following: $\displaystyle{\sum_{i,j=1}^{2}}(\delta_{ij}-\frac{u_{i}u_{j}}{1+|Du|^{2}})u_{ij}=(1+|Du|^{2})^{\frac{1}{2}-\frac{1}{2\alpha}}$, where ...
3
votes
1answer
555 views

Long time behavior of the heat equation on R

Let $\mu\in\mathcal{S}'(R)$ be a Schwartz distribution. The solution of a heat equation with $\mu$ as the initial data is $$ u(t,x)= \int_R \frac{e^{-\frac{(x-y)^2}{2t}}}{\sqrt{2\pi t}} \mu(d y) $$ ...
8
votes
0answers
231 views

Finding a dimension-free bound for a certain multiplier on Euclidean space

The following question is indirectly motivated by strong type maximal function estimates. Let $f\in L_{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. For $\xi=(\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{n})\in\mathbb{R}^{n}$ define $m(\xi)$ so ...
6
votes
3answers
697 views

How to motivate and interpret the geometric solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equation?

Studying the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, I meet a generalization of the notion of its solutions, which is found already in the work of Sophus Lie. For an H-J eqn, I mean a first order pde $H\circ ...
5
votes
1answer
354 views

A moving boundary in rock mechanics

I'm concern a moving boundary problem in rock mechanics. We consider a problem of unsaturated flow of an in-compressible fluid in a porous medium(rock) like D. Moreover suppose that support of a ...
7
votes
3answers
674 views

Applications of geometric evolution equations.

Hi everybody, I'm looking for applications of geometric evolution equations such as the Ricci flow and the extrinsic flows by Gauss and mean curvature. Applications other than topological ...
5
votes
2answers
782 views

Estimates on the Green function of an elliptic second order differential operator.

Let $D$ be a linear differential elliptic operator of second order with infinitely smooth coefficients acting on real valued functions on a compact manifold $M$. Let us assume that $D$ has no free ...
6
votes
0answers
231 views

Dirichlet-to-Neumann map on $C^{k,1}$ domains

I am interested in the mapping properties of the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map (also called the Poincare-Steklov operator) for $C^{k,1}$ domains, between Sobolev spaces on the boundary. What I know is in ...
8
votes
2answers
489 views

Probabilistic Solution of the Porous Medium Equation

It is well known that the transition density for standard Brownian motion $B_t$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ yields a solution to the global Cauchy problem for the heat equation $$u_t = \Delta u$$ with initial ...
3
votes
0answers
355 views

PDES - from Vector fields whose inner product with their vector Laplacian equals norm of the vector field

Let $g(x_{1},........,x_{n}) = \sum_{i=1}^{n}g_{i}(x_{1},\cdots,x_{n})e_{i}$ be a function in $\mathbb{C}^n$ ($e_{i}$ are the standard bases). Let $\nabla^{2}$ be the vector Laplacian. Let ...
1
vote
0answers
346 views

Maximum principle for heat eq. with boundary conditions on derivatives

The Maximum principle for parabolic eq. is based on the fact that the boundary conditions are given on u. How can this Maximum principle be used, when having boundary conditions including ...