Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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1
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2answers
331 views

Does these commutator estimates bound in $L^{2}$

According to the basic rules of symbolic caculus,$[a(x,D),x_{j}]=-ia^{j}[x,D]$.So we have $[(1-\triangle)^{\frac{1}{2}},x_i]=\partial_i(1-\triangle)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$ which is $L^2$ bounded. It's also ...
2
votes
2answers
397 views

Smooth Sobolev extension from $W^{1,p}(U)$ to $W^{1,p} (\mathbb{R}^n) $

The question I would be asking is roughly : do the smooth Sobolev functions defined on an open bounded domain extend to smooth Sobolev functions on the Euclidean space ? For detail : Fix $p \geq 1. ...
1
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1answer
231 views

Density of $H^{1/2}(\partial \Omega)$ in $L_2(\partial\Omega)$

Hi, i know that the following statement is used extensively, but i cannot find a proof anywhere: For $\Omega$ a Lipschitz domain with boundary $\Gamma$, the space $H^{1/2}(\Gamma)$ is dense in ...
11
votes
1answer
941 views

Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...
1
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0answers
52 views

elliptic system; bounds on $v$ when $u$ is small

I am interested in the following system $-\Delta u = f(u,v) $ $-\Delta v = g(u,v)$ in $ \Omega$ a bounded domain in $ R^N$ with $ u=v=0$ on the boundary. The solutions are smooth and positive. ...
1
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1answer
304 views

sobolev embedding theorem in the smooth metric measure space

we know the sobolev embedding theorem of Saloff-Coste $\Big(\int_B|F|^{2q}d\mu\Big)^{\frac1q}\le e^{C(1+\sqrt KR)}V^{-2/n}R^2\int_B\Big(|\nabla F|^2+R^{-2}F^2\Big)d\mu $ wtih $Ric\ge-(n-1)K$, for ...
1
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1answer
380 views

Surface PDE (heat equation) weak form and existence/uniqueness

Suppose $X:A \subset \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ is a parametrisation of a surface $\Gamma$ such that $X(\theta_1, \theta_2) = (\theta_1, \theta_2, h(\theta_1, \theta_2))$ (i.e., $\Gamma$ is a ...
6
votes
2answers
502 views

Pólya's conjecture on the spectra of the Laplacians

Recently I've learned something about the spectra of the Laplacians. Given a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with $\partial \Omega$ smooth, we can consider eigenfunctions of Dirichlet ...
2
votes
2answers
245 views

The extension of smooth function

If $U$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^n$ whose boundary is smooth, and $f$ is a smooth function on $U$ whose partial derivatives of all orders have a continuous extensions to $\bar U$. For an ...
2
votes
2answers
842 views

Chain rule for fractional laplacian

Does anyone know a formula of chain rule for fractional laplacian? say we take the fractional laplacian of order a on function $g(U(x))$ $x\in \mathbb{R}^2$, $U \in \mathbb{R}$, $g \colon \mathbb{R} ...
1
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1answer
137 views

Regularity of harmonic functions with robin data up to the boundary

I want to prove that if $u$ is a solution of $\Delta u = 0$ in $\Omega$ with Robin boundary conditions $\frac{\partial u}{\partial n} = \lambda u$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ has analytic ...
2
votes
2answers
379 views

C^{2} estimates for elliptic equations

I am curious about the following question: suppose $u$ is a solution to the uniformly elliptic equation $\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}a_{ij}(x)u_{ij}=f(x)$ in $\Omega$ and $u=0$ on$\partial \Omega$, where ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

hodographic transformation

Let $\phi(x,t)$ be smooth function. Let $\zeta= x-t$ and $\eta= x+t$. $u=\phi_\zeta$, $v= \phi_\eta$. Let $u$, $v$ satisfies following equations: 1- $$u_\eta- v_\zeta= 0$$ ...
5
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2answers
892 views

Which PDE from physics (and geometry) are supercritical?

I am currently trying to understand the notion of criticality (as discussed, e.g., in Terence Tao's book on nonlinear dispersive equations) from a physical viewpoint. That's why i'm interested in the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Characterization of inverse differential operators

If I have a partial differential operator $p(D)$, where $p$ is a polynomial with constant coefficients and $D$ is the derivative in Euclidean space. Its inverse is easily described in Fourier space: ...
1
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1answer
447 views

A question on the DeTurck trick

I am probably being obtuse here, but there is something in the DeTurck trick that I do not understand precisely. I was reading from Andrews Hopper, and they (on page 91) say that the equation ...
2
votes
1answer
372 views

Hölder estimates for the Complex Monge-Ampere equation

If on a bounded smooth, pseudoconvex domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$, $\mathrm{det} ( \mathrm{Hess}(u)) = f$ ($f>0$, $\mathrm{Hess}(u)>0$, $u=0$ on the boundary), if $f \in C^{k, \alpha}$, is $u \in ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

Distributional derivative is locally integrable - then the distribution as well?

Given a distribution $T \in D'(\mathbb{R})$ such that the distributional derivative $\partial T \in L^1_{loc}(\mathbb{R})$. Can one deduce that $T \in L^1_{loc}(\mathbb{R})$ as well? Or can anyone ...
1
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2answers
836 views

Geometric Mean Value Property

Does anyone know where I could find a proof of a variant of a version of the mean-value property for harmonic functions in Riemannian manifolds? I'm actually more interested in using an elliptic ...
1
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0answers
115 views

Strichartz estimates over cones

I'm trying to understand Sogge's book Lectures on Non-Linear Wave Equations, the part where he proves global existence for semilinear equations. There is one part he uses the following inequality: ...
3
votes
1answer
292 views

A Sobolev-type inequality with weights

In the study of a particular PDE I found myself wanting to prove the following inequality: $( \int_0^{\infty} r^{-3} |f|^6 \; dr )^{1/6} \leq C ( \int_0^{\infty} [ r^{-1} |f|^2 + r |f'|^2 + r ...
6
votes
2answers
371 views

Willmore minimizers for genus $\geq 2$

For an immersed closed surface $f: \Sigma \rightarrow \mathbb R^3$ the Willmore functional is defined as $$ \cal W(f) = \int _{\Sigma} \frac{1}{4} |\vec H|^2 d \mu_g, $$ where $\vec H$ is the mean ...
2
votes
2answers
425 views

Monge Ampere equations (concavity)

The Monge-Ampere (whether real or complex, whether in a domain or on a manifold) equations usually studied are of the type $F(u, \nabla u, \mathrm{Hess}(u)) = 0$ where $F$ is a concave function of ...
6
votes
3answers
541 views

Moser regularity proof avoiding John-Nirenberg lemma

I heard a rumor that there exists a proof by Moser-style iteration of the $C^{0,\alpha}$-regularity for $W^{1,2}$-solutions $u$ to elliptic equations with measurable coefficients which does not rely ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Weak maximum principle / comparison principle for parabolic equations with Neumann conditions

Hello everyone. I'm about to use a comparison principle that I belive is true, but I can't find any precise reference to be sure of it. Here is what I would like to say : I have a parabolic equation ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

unique continuation principle

I recently encountered a paper by Protter ("Unique continuation of elliptic equations") that starts out by saying "any solution of an elliptic equation that is defined on a domain $D$ must vanish on ...
7
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2answers
633 views

Chebyshev net in 3D

I would like to know the reasons why the existance of Chebyshev net in 3D-case is problematic. This question boils down to the PDE described below. (I do not know much about PDEs, so feel free to say ...
2
votes
2answers
549 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
1
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1answer
443 views

Existence of cut-off functions in metric spaces

Let $X_1,\ldots,X_m$ be Lipchitz continuous vector fields in an open set $\Omega \subset \Re^n$, Let $d(\cdot, \cdot)$ denote the control distance associated to $X$. With respect to this control ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

ellipticity independent of metric?

I am new to the theory of pseudo-differential operators on compact manifolds, but I need to use a result related to this theory in a proof I'm working on. The problem is as follows: Let $(M,g)$ be a ...
3
votes
2answers
882 views

What is soliton

I am new to this word.. This is not research level problem and it is soft question in nature. Just for curiosity, i am asking.. In literature, i am finding following words:(Wikipedia+ others). ...
7
votes
1answer
352 views

Mean value property with fixed radius

Let $f$ be a continuous function defined on $\mathbb{R^n}$. It is well known that both the spherical mean value property (MVP) of $f$, i.e. $$f(x)=\frac{1}{|\partial B(x,r)|}\int_{\partial B(x,r)}f,\ ...
4
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1answer
226 views

a question about Lp norm of curvature on convex curves

Suppose we have two strictly convex closed curves $C_{1}$ and $C_{2}$, $C_{1}$ contains $C_{2}$, then can we conclude $\int_{C_{1}} \kappa_{1}^{p} ds\geq \int_{C_{2}} \kappa_{2}^{p} ds$, $\kappa_{1}$ ...
2
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0answers
144 views

A limit involving a regularizing kernel

I am studying the following article by Benoit Perthame: http://www.mendeley.com/research/uniqueness-error-estimates-first-order-quasilinear-conservation-laws-via-kinetic-entropy-defect-measure/# ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

A slightly subcritical elliptic equation on the ball; blow-up behavior near zero

I am interested in positive ground state solutions of the following elliptic pde: $-\Delta u(x) = u(x)^{p-\epsilon} $ in the unit ball $B$ in $ R^N$ with $ u=0$ on $ \partial B$. Here $ ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Asymptotics of quasilinear elliptic equations with Dirac right hand side

On a small open neighborhood $U$ of $0 \in \mathbb{R}^n$, consider the quasilinear (possibly monotone) elliptic, scalar PDE in divergence form $$\nabla \cdot(a(x,u,\nabla u)\nabla u) = \alpha ...
0
votes
1answer
402 views

Maximum principle for heat equation on infinite domain

Let $u(x, t)$ be a solution of $u_t=u_{xx}$ in the domain $x>0, t>0$. We also have the initial condition $u(x,0)=g(x)$ and the boundary condition $u(0,t)=h(t)$. Do we have maximum principle in ...
1
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1answer
733 views

Solution of Heat equation with Neumann BC in an arbitrary domain

Consider the heat equation $u_t=\Delta u$ with Neumann boundary condition and initial condition $u(x,0)=u^0(x)$ in a bounded domain $\Omega$ with smooth boundary. Is this true: Any solution ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

Integrability of ground state solution for elliptic equation

For the solution of semi-linear elliptic equation, for example I'm considering the 2D cubic nonlinear Schroedinger equation, the correspongding elliptic equation is $\Delta u+u^3=u$, with $u>0$. By ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

ellipticity and invertible differential operators

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed, compact Riemannian manifold. Let $P$ be a $2r$th order pseudo-differential operator, where $r \in \Bbb{R}_+$. Suppose that the differential equation $Pu=f$ has a unique ...
7
votes
2answers
499 views

Methods for determining domains of influence

Given a hyperbolic PDE, the domain of influence of a spacetime point $x$, say $I_x$ though $x$ could be replaced by any set, can be defined in two ways. Lets call one of them geometric ($I_x^G$) and ...
1
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0answers
171 views

Weak solution of a certain pde with integral term

Let us consider the following pde on the domain $(0,T)\times(0,1)$ $ \dot{p}(t,x)+v(t)p_{x}(t,x)+v'(t)\int_{0}^{1} \rho(t,s)p_{s}(t,s)\ ds=0 $ with initial data $p(0,x)=p_{0}(x)$ and boundary data ...
1
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0answers
173 views

Is this Stefan-type problem an open problem?

I am looking for a weak-formulation that would give me an existence and uniqueness of a solution of a Stefan-type problem. It is basically a 2-phase Stefan problem in 2D except that the free-boundary ...
1
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1answer
137 views

What we mean by positive solution and radial solution of any partial differential equation

I am not getting the most of the article concern with the existence and uniqueness of positive solution and radial solution. I just want to know how a positive solution and radial solution of ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

H-principle and PDE's

According to Wikipedia: "In mathematics, the homotopy principle (or h-principle) is a very general way to solve partial differential equations (PDEs), and more generally partial differential relations ...
3
votes
2answers
599 views

Asymptotic expansions of solutions of nonlinear PDE's

Let's consider the following Cauchy problem: $$u_t=\alpha(x,t,u)u_{xx}+\beta(x,t,u)(u_x)^2+\gamma(x,t,u)u_x+\phi(x,t,u)$$ $$u(x,0)=u_0(x).$$ Assume that functions $\alpha,\beta,\gamma,\phi$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
312 views

Reparametrizing characteristic curves for PDE's

I'm looking for solutions for a PDE that looks like this $$ \nabla u(\vec x) \cdot f(\vec x) = k. $$ For some clarification, $u$ is a log-probability. And this arises from a Fokker-Plank-like ...
2
votes
0answers
261 views

Variational Formulation of Boundary Value Problems With Unknown on the boundary

Suppose that we have a linear operator equation on $\Omega$ with Lipschitz boundary $\partial \Omega$, \begin{eqnarray} Lu &=& \frac{\partial u}{\partial t}, u(x,0) &=& u_0 \; \; ...
5
votes
2answers
497 views

Blow-up for the quasilinear heat equation $u_t= u \ u_{x x}$ or the related $w_t= \left(w_x e^w\right)_x$

What kind of approaches can be used to study the following quasilinear parabolic pde for a scalar function $u=u(x,t)$ ? $$ u_t= u \ u_{x x} $$ The physical problem where this pde comes from dictates ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Curvatures of contours of solutions of 3d Poisson's equation

Let $f(x,y,z)$ be a complex function in a 3d euclidian space that fulfill the Poisson's equation $$\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} f + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2} f + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...