Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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4
votes
1answer
389 views

Can one understand the Kelvin transform conceptually?

Let $U = \mathbf{R}^n - \{ 0 \}$, $n > 2$ and consider for a function $f \in C^2(U)$ the Kelvin transform $$f^\star(x) = r^{2-n} f\left(\frac{x}{r^2}\right),$$ where $r = \lvert x \rvert$. One ...
13
votes
1answer
433 views

Are isospectral manifolds necessarily homeomorphic?

It's known that there are pairs of closed Riemannian manifolds which are isospectral but not isometric. Is it known if there are closed Riemannian manifolds which are isospectral but not ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

On a family of $C^0$-convergent Riemann metrics

I am dealing with the following concrete situation that could be familiar to Riemannian geometers more experienced than myself. Suppose that $M$ is a smooth compact manifold of dimension $m$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
666 views

when a pseudo-differential operators to be compact?

In the theory of Pseudo-differential operators,when a symbol $a(x,\xi)\in S^{0}$,then the operator $a(x,D)$ defined by$$a(x,D)u=\int{e^{ix\xi}a(x,\xi)\widehat{u}}d \xi$$ is $L^2$ bounded.$ $ My ...
1
vote
2answers
198 views

The approximation to perturbed KdV Equation

Consider the perturbed KdV Equation $$u_t-6uu_x+u_{xxx}=\epsilon u$$,I want to use perturbative expansion to construct the solution as the form $$u=u(x,t;\epsilon)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty\epsilon^n ...
2
votes
2answers
437 views

the inverse for the trace theorem

The trace theorem says that the restriction of a $W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ function $u$, $Tu$ belongs to $W^{1-1/p,p}(\partial\Omega)$ if $\Omega$ satisfies some smooth condition, for example, $\Omega$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
419 views

The perturbed KdV Equation

I'm now studying KdV Equation$$u_t-6uu_x+u_{xxx}=0$$To solve the initial-value problem,we can use method of Lax pair,so we can alter the original problem to the problem of solving out $u$ in the ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Square roots of the Laplace operator

In several places in the literature (e.g. this paper of Caffarelli and Silvestre), I've seen an integral formula for fractional Laplacians. I'd like to understand it. In this question, I'll stick to ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

$L^2$-de-Rham complex on Lipschitz domains has smooth harmonic forms?

I would like to know for which choice of boundary conditions the title statement is true. Let $\Omega$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain in $\mathbb R^n$, for which we regard the $L^2$-de-Rham complex. ...
7
votes
2answers
757 views

(sharp)Garding's inequality and inequality with lower bounds

The origin of Garding's inequality was an effort to solve Dirichlet's problem for linear elliptic operators of high even order.Let $$P(x,D)= \sum a_{\alpha}(x)D^{\alpha}$$ with principal part ...
4
votes
2answers
360 views

Does there exists a necessary condition for Lp multiplier?

Let $1 \leq p \leq 2$. A measurable function $m(\xi)$ is called a $L^p(R^n)$ ($L^p$ for convenience) multiplier, if $$\|m(D)\varphi\|/\|\varphi\|_{L^p} \leq C , \varphi \in L^p $$ for some constant ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Is $C_c(\mathbb{R}^2,\mathbb{R}^2)$ dense in the irrotational square integrable functions?

Let $L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n$ be the set of square integrable functions which are the weak derivative of a locally square integrable function. That is $$L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n=\{Du\colon u\in ...
4
votes
4answers
232 views

Must Neuman Elliptic operator has discrete spectrum ?

It is well known that the Neuman eigenvalue problem has discrete spectrum and the eigen values are nonnegative and can be arranged in a nondecreasing order of magnitude. Do we need any smoothness ...
0
votes
0answers
249 views

Strichartz estimates of damped wave equation

If $w(t,x)$ is a solution of wave equation $$ w_{tt}-\triangle w = 0, w(0)=w_0, w_t(0)=w_1, $$ then $w$ satisfies the following Strichartz esitmates $$ \|w\|_{L^q_tL^r_x} \lesssim \|w_0\|_{H^1} + ...
9
votes
2answers
672 views

what's the motivation of Weyl calculus ?

In the pseudo-differential operator theory, we can define a pseudo-differential operator by $$a(x,D)u=(2\pi)^{-n}\int{a(x,\xi)e^{i\langle x-y,\xi \rangle}u(y)dyd\xi}$$ with $a(x,\xi)$ belong to some ...
0
votes
0answers
232 views

Density of 0-homogeneous functions in $H^1(\partial \Omega)$

Recall: A function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is called $0$-homogeneous if $f(\lambda x)= f(x)$ for every $\lambda>0$ and every $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$. Question: Let $B$ a convex balanced ...
10
votes
2answers
714 views

Convergence of solutions to Navier-Stokes to Euler's equation for viscosity $\to$ zero

Let $$ \partial_t u + \nabla_u u = - \nabla p $$ be Euler's equation (Wikipedia) for an ideal incompressible fluid. Let $$ \partial_t u + \nabla_u u - \nu \Delta u = - \nabla p $$ be the ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Physical Interpretation of Robin Boundary Conditions

In a (bounded) domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, if we're studying the Laplace equation or heat equation or such PDE's we can impose the Dirichlet $u|_{\partial\Omega} \equiv 0$, Neumann $D_{\nu} ...
4
votes
2answers
730 views

Example for the Sobolev embedding theorem when p=n.

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^2$. By the Sobolev embedding theorem, if $k>\frac np$ (in this case $k>\frac 2p$) then $u\in W^{k,p}(U) \implies u\in C^{k-[\frac 2 ...
0
votes
0answers
462 views

partial differential equations with mixed boundary conditions

hi, does anyone know some good references (books, papers) on partial differential equations with mixed boundary conditions ? actually I am intrested in the following: Let ...
3
votes
6answers
603 views

Fractional Leibniz formula

Let $T=(-\Delta)^{1/2}$. Can we have estimates, similar to the one below $$ \| T^{\alpha}(fg)-(T^{\alpha}f)g-f(T^{\alpha}g) \|_p \leq \|T^{\alpha-1}f\|_p \|T^{\alpha-1}g\|_p, $$ hold in $L^p$, where ...
1
vote
1answer
362 views

A property on the Green-St Venant strain tensor

Green-St Venant strain tensor is defined by $E(u)={1\over 2}[\nabla u+(\nabla u)^T+(\nabla u)^T\nabla u]$, where $\nabla u$ is the displacement gradient. Show that $u\in H^1(\Omega), E(u)\in ...
5
votes
1answer
248 views

Lower bound on the solution of a Schrödinger-type equation

Consider the equation $-\Delta u + Vu=f$, on a closed manifold (or on a bounded domain with homogeneous Neumann condition). Here one can assume whatever integrability or smoothness conditions on $V$ ...
1
vote
2answers
334 views

Does these commutator estimates bound in $L^{2}$

According to the basic rules of symbolic caculus,$[a(x,D),x_{j}]=-ia^{j}[x,D]$.So we have $[(1-\triangle)^{\frac{1}{2}},x_i]=\partial_i(1-\triangle)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$ which is $L^2$ bounded. It's also ...
2
votes
2answers
405 views

Smooth Sobolev extension from $W^{1,p}(U)$ to $W^{1,p} (\mathbb{R}^n) $

The question I would be asking is roughly : do the smooth Sobolev functions defined on an open bounded domain extend to smooth Sobolev functions on the Euclidean space ? For detail : Fix $p \geq 1. ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Density of $H^{1/2}(\partial \Omega)$ in $L_2(\partial\Omega)$

Hi, i know that the following statement is used extensively, but i cannot find a proof anywhere: For $\Omega$ a Lipschitz domain with boundary $\Gamma$, the space $H^{1/2}(\Gamma)$ is dense in ...
11
votes
1answer
948 views

Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

elliptic system; bounds on $v$ when $u$ is small

I am interested in the following system $-\Delta u = f(u,v) $ $-\Delta v = g(u,v)$ in $ \Omega$ a bounded domain in $ R^N$ with $ u=v=0$ on the boundary. The solutions are smooth and positive. ...
1
vote
1answer
310 views

sobolev embedding theorem in the smooth metric measure space

we know the sobolev embedding theorem of Saloff-Coste $\Big(\int_B|F|^{2q}d\mu\Big)^{\frac1q}\le e^{C(1+\sqrt KR)}V^{-2/n}R^2\int_B\Big(|\nabla F|^2+R^{-2}F^2\Big)d\mu $ wtih $Ric\ge-(n-1)K$, for ...
1
vote
1answer
381 views

Surface PDE (heat equation) weak form and existence/uniqueness

Suppose $X:A \subset \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ is a parametrisation of a surface $\Gamma$ such that $X(\theta_1, \theta_2) = (\theta_1, \theta_2, h(\theta_1, \theta_2))$ (i.e., $\Gamma$ is a ...
6
votes
2answers
508 views

Pólya's conjecture on the spectra of the Laplacians

Recently I've learned something about the spectra of the Laplacians. Given a bounded domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with $\partial \Omega$ smooth, we can consider eigenfunctions of Dirichlet ...
2
votes
2answers
253 views

The extension of smooth function

If $U$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^n$ whose boundary is smooth, and $f$ is a smooth function on $U$ whose partial derivatives of all orders have a continuous extensions to $\bar U$. For an ...
2
votes
2answers
847 views

Chain rule for fractional laplacian

Does anyone know a formula of chain rule for fractional laplacian? say we take the fractional laplacian of order a on function $g(U(x))$ $x\in \mathbb{R}^2$, $U \in \mathbb{R}$, $g \colon \mathbb{R} ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Regularity of harmonic functions with robin data up to the boundary

I want to prove that if $u$ is a solution of $\Delta u = 0$ in $\Omega$ with Robin boundary conditions $\frac{\partial u}{\partial n} = \lambda u$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ has analytic ...
2
votes
2answers
379 views

C^{2} estimates for elliptic equations

I am curious about the following question: suppose $u$ is a solution to the uniformly elliptic equation $\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}a_{ij}(x)u_{ij}=f(x)$ in $\Omega$ and $u=0$ on$\partial \Omega$, where ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

hodographic transformation

Let $\phi(x,t)$ be smooth function. Let $\zeta= x-t$ and $\eta= x+t$. $u=\phi_\zeta$, $v= \phi_\eta$. Let $u$, $v$ satisfies following equations: 1- $$u_\eta- v_\zeta= 0$$ ...
5
votes
2answers
898 views

Which PDE from physics (and geometry) are supercritical?

I am currently trying to understand the notion of criticality (as discussed, e.g., in Terence Tao's book on nonlinear dispersive equations) from a physical viewpoint. That's why i'm interested in the ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Characterization of inverse differential operators

If I have a partial differential operator $p(D)$, where $p$ is a polynomial with constant coefficients and $D$ is the derivative in Euclidean space. Its inverse is easily described in Fourier space: ...
1
vote
1answer
450 views

A question on the DeTurck trick

I am probably being obtuse here, but there is something in the DeTurck trick that I do not understand precisely. I was reading from Andrews Hopper, and they (on page 91) say that the equation ...
2
votes
1answer
375 views

Hölder estimates for the Complex Monge-Ampere equation

If on a bounded smooth, pseudoconvex domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$, $\mathrm{det} ( \mathrm{Hess}(u)) = f$ ($f>0$, $\mathrm{Hess}(u)>0$, $u=0$ on the boundary), if $f \in C^{k, \alpha}$, is $u \in ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

Distributional derivative is locally integrable - then the distribution as well?

Given a distribution $T \in D'(\mathbb{R})$ such that the distributional derivative $\partial T \in L^1_{loc}(\mathbb{R})$. Can one deduce that $T \in L^1_{loc}(\mathbb{R})$ as well? Or can anyone ...
1
vote
2answers
837 views

Geometric Mean Value Property

Does anyone know where I could find a proof of a variant of a version of the mean-value property for harmonic functions in Riemannian manifolds? I'm actually more interested in using an elliptic ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Strichartz estimates over cones

I'm trying to understand Sogge's book Lectures on Non-Linear Wave Equations, the part where he proves global existence for semilinear equations. There is one part he uses the following inequality: ...
3
votes
1answer
296 views

A Sobolev-type inequality with weights

In the study of a particular PDE I found myself wanting to prove the following inequality: $( \int_0^{\infty} r^{-3} |f|^6 \; dr )^{1/6} \leq C ( \int_0^{\infty} [ r^{-1} |f|^2 + r |f'|^2 + r ...
6
votes
2answers
374 views

Willmore minimizers for genus $\geq 2$

For an immersed closed surface $f: \Sigma \rightarrow \mathbb R^3$ the Willmore functional is defined as $$ \cal W(f) = \int _{\Sigma} \frac{1}{4} |\vec H|^2 d \mu_g, $$ where $\vec H$ is the mean ...
2
votes
2answers
429 views

Monge Ampere equations (concavity)

The Monge-Ampere (whether real or complex, whether in a domain or on a manifold) equations usually studied are of the type $F(u, \nabla u, \mathrm{Hess}(u)) = 0$ where $F$ is a concave function of ...
6
votes
3answers
546 views

Moser regularity proof avoiding John-Nirenberg lemma

I heard a rumor that there exists a proof by Moser-style iteration of the $C^{0,\alpha}$-regularity for $W^{1,2}$-solutions $u$ to elliptic equations with measurable coefficients which does not rely ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Weak maximum principle / comparison principle for parabolic equations with Neumann conditions

Hello everyone. I'm about to use a comparison principle that I belive is true, but I can't find any precise reference to be sure of it. Here is what I would like to say : I have a parabolic equation ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

unique continuation principle

I recently encountered a paper by Protter ("Unique continuation of elliptic equations") that starts out by saying "any solution of an elliptic equation that is defined on a domain $D$ must vanish on ...
7
votes
2answers
639 views

Chebyshev net in 3D

I would like to know the reasons why the existance of Chebyshev net in 3D-case is problematic. This question boils down to the PDE described below. (I do not know much about PDEs, so feel free to say ...