0
votes
0answers
19 views

How can one use stability analaysis of finite differences methods in linear Schrodinger to the NLS?

Specifically, I've seen a lot of analysis of grid stability for solving Linear Schrodinger with Forward Euler, Backward Euler and Crank-Nicolson. However, most of the usages I've seen for the same ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Time decay for Hartree equation with Coulomb potential

Are there any time-decay results for the solution of the Hartree equation \begin{equation}\frac{1}{i}\partial_t\phi-\Delta\phi=-(|x|^{-1}\ast|\phi|^2)\phi,\quad x\in\mathbb{R}^3\end{equation} in ...
10
votes
2answers
357 views

the spectrum of the Laplacian and Dirac operator on $S^3$

A paper on supersymmetry in 3-dimensions uses results on the spectra of elliptic operators on $S^3$: The eigenvalues of the vector Laplacian on divergenceless vector fields is $(\ell + 1)^2$ ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Elliptic equations with divergence-free drift terms

Given $\ \mathbf{u}\cdot \nabla c=\Delta c-a_{1}c+\rho \text{ on }\Omega $ with a $\Omega \subset %TCIMACRO{\U{211d} } %BeginExpansion \mathbb{R} %EndExpansion ^{2}$ bounded, $div$$(\mathbf{u})=0$, ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Helmhotz decomposition and Regularity in Stokes equation

It is known that every function $f\in L^{q}(\Omega )^{n}$ can be uniquely decomposed as \begin{eqnarray*} \ f=f_{0}+\nabla Q, \text{ (Helmhotz decomposition)} \ \end{eqnarray*} with $f_{0}\in ...
10
votes
4answers
435 views

Einstein field equations in perspectives from PDE and functional analysis

The Einstein field equations have been subject of research in theoretical physics, and differential geometry, apparently with methods from classical analysis and geometry. In particular, solutions in ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Idea behind distributional solutions

I have a problem understanding the meaning of a distributional solution. Let me tell you the context the problem appeared: I read thorugh some papers by DiPerna and Lions concerning the Cauchy Problem ...
1
vote
0answers
264 views

A variation of Poisson's equation in cylindrical coordinates

Our team of undergraduate physicists are familiar with finding numerical approximations to the following Poisson-like PDE central to our plasma research in a torus: $\nabla^2 V = \frac{f(V)}{R^2}$ ...
10
votes
1answer
270 views

Do circular pipes maximize flow rate?

Suppose that $U \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is nonempty, open, connected and bounded. Consider a Poisseuille flow in the pipe $U \times \mathbb{R}$. That is: a time-independent incompressible flow of the ...
0
votes
0answers
172 views

Cauchy problem for Boltzmann equations

I am just studying a paper by DiPerna and Lions with the title "On the Cauchy problem for Boltzmann equations: global existence and weak stability." You can find it here: ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Similarity solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation

This problem arose in the course of a theoretical physics project. We seek (complex) solutions of the imaginary time Benjamin--Ono equation $$u_t-iu u_x-iu_{H,xx}=0$$ where $u_H(x,t)$ denotes the ...
4
votes
1answer
327 views

Exact solutions to nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation

The nonlinear pde $$ \partial_t^2\phi-\partial_x^2\phi+\lambda\phi^3=0 $$ has the exact solution $$ \phi(x,t)=\mu\left(\frac{2}{\lambda}\right)^\frac{1}{4}{\rm sn}(p_0t-p\cdot x+\varphi,i) $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
155 views

Variational Problem v.s. Initial Value Problem

Is there a way to relate the variational problem where one specifies $x$ initially and finally to the initial value (Cauchy) problem where one specifies both $x$ and $p$ initially? As an example, ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

A heat kernel for Schrödinger operator with low-order terms

In "Schrödinger Operator: Heat Kernel and Its Applications", Feng computes the heat kernels associated to Schrödinger operators with at most quadratic potentials. I am trying to see how these work ...
32
votes
2answers
1k views

Recent fundamental new directions in PDEs

My main interests are in modern geometry/topology, algebra and mathematical physics. I observe that there is a raising communication, language and social barrier between this community and the ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Extending the variational bicomplex to Hamiltion or Hamiltion-Jacobi formalism

The variational bicomplex seams to provide a modern formulation of the variational problem in terms of modern differential geometry. In particular the bigraded complex of differential forms ...
3
votes
1answer
337 views

conservation law and generalized Symplectic Monge-Ampere equation arising from 3-variables

If we have a Jacobi PDE system with conservation law $\theta \in \Omega^1(M)$ such that $d \theta$ is non-degenerate 2-form , then we know this fact that it can be written as symplectic 2D ...
15
votes
10answers
2k views

Open problems in PDEs, dynamical systems, mathematical physics

(This question might not be appropriate for this site. If so, I apologize in advance. I would have posted to mathstack, but I'm looking for advice from active researchers.) I am an undergrad in math ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

multivalued solution of a equation

Definition: A scalar k-th order differential equation on a smooth manifold $M$ , is $F(x,v,\frac{\partial {^\left | \sigma \right |}v}{\partial x^\sigma })=0 $ for $\left | \sigma \right |\leqslant ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Linearization instability and singular points of algebraic varieties

In a well known 1973 paper, Fischer and Marsden pointed out (with similar, contemporary remarks made in the physics literature by Brill and Deser) that the space of solutions of some non-linear ...
8
votes
3answers
470 views

Space of sections of a fibre bundle with non-compact base space

Let $\pi: E \rightarrow M$ be a fiber bundle over the manifold M and denote by $\Gamma(E)$ the space of smooth sections of $E$. For compact $M$ it is well known (Hamilton 1982, Part II Corollary ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

damped wave equation

For $t>0$, $x$ in a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, and $a\in C^\infty(M)$, $a\geq0$, $(\partial_t^2+a\partial_t-\Delta_g)u=0$ is called the damped wave equation. My question is...why is the ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Distributional limits concerning the regularity of Maxwells equations

This question is related to my previous question about the regularity of the Maxwell equations. Assume we are working on a space where there are only electric point charges, $(q_i)$, and a blob of ...
69
votes
16answers
4k views

Does Physics need non-analytic smooth functions?

Observing the behaviour of a few physicists "in nature", I had the impression that among the mathematical tools they use a lot (along with possibly much more sofisticated maths, of course), there is ...
4
votes
1answer
461 views

Solution of Helmholtz-Equation where Phase is restricted by additional PDE

Hello! Let's say I have $(\partial_x^2 + \partial_y^2 + a)f(x,y)=0$ with $f(x,y) \in \mathbb{C}$, ($\lim_{x,y \to \infty} f(x,y)=0$). Now separate the Amplitude and Phase of the solution: ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Weyl quantization and convexity

Let $C$ be a convex subset of $\mathbb R^{2n}$ and $\mathbf 1_C$ be the characteristic function of $C$. Is it true that $$\forall u\in\mathscr S(\mathbb R^n),\quad \langle\mathbf ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

A special Integral Kernel

Does there exist either one / general class of non-negative definite , symmetric Integral Kernel map satisfying the following properties ?? $f(x)=(Kg)(x)=\int_{\Omega}K(x,y)g(y)dy$ ...
0
votes
0answers
181 views

how can we formulate maximal time $T$ in Hyperbolic Kahler Ricci flow

In general, the exact maximal time $T$ of a Riemannian Ricci flow may not be easy to find. However, fortunately, for Kähler-Ricci flows, the maximal time of existence $T$ is explicitly determined by ...
6
votes
2answers
410 views

Implications of a hypothetical blow-up of Navier-Stokes for the mathematical model

Let us suppose that there exists a (initially smooth) solution of NSE that blows up in finite time. Then, in particular, the corresponding velocity field becomes unbounded as time progresses. Which ...
5
votes
1answer
806 views

Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE

I saw several papers that without proof accept the fact "Short time existence on nonlinear parabolic PDE" is there any affirmative proof of this fact? in which book we have this fact, the number of ...
5
votes
1answer
359 views

Can one understand the Kelvin transform conceptually?

Let $U = \mathbf{R}^n - \{ 0 \}$, $n > 2$ and consider for a function $f \in C^2(U)$ the Kelvin transform $$f^\star(x) = r^{2-n} f\left(\frac{x}{r^2}\right),$$ where $r = \lvert x \rvert$. One ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Is $C_c(\mathbb{R}^2,\mathbb{R}^2)$ dense in the irrotational square integrable functions?

Let $L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n$ be the set of square integrable functions which are the weak derivative of a locally square integrable function. That is $$L_D(\mathbb{R}^n)^n=\{Du\colon u\in ...
3
votes
2answers
865 views

What is soliton

I am new to this word.. This is not research level problem and it is soft question in nature. Just for curiosity, i am asking.. In literature, i am finding following words:(Wikipedia+ others). ...
5
votes
2answers
468 views

Blow-up for the quasilinear heat equation $u_t= u \ u_{x x}$ or the related $w_t= \left(w_x e^w\right)_x$

What kind of approaches can be used to study the following quasilinear parabolic pde for a scalar function $u=u(x,t)$ ? $$ u_t= u \ u_{x x} $$ The physical problem where this pde comes from dictates ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Curvatures of contours of solutions of 3d Poisson's equation

Let $f(x,y,z)$ be a complex function in a 3d euclidian space that fulfill the Poisson's equation $$\frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} f + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2} f + \frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...
0
votes
2answers
464 views

Flow of evolutionary vector fields

Consider a smooth vector bundle $\pi: E\rightarrow M$, the associated infinite jet bundle $J^\infty(\pi)$, and evolutionary vector fields $\partial_\varphi = ...
14
votes
2answers
426 views

Is there a spectral theory approach to non-explicit Plancherel-type theorems?

Teaching graduate analysis has inspired me to think about the completeness theorem for Fourier series and the more difficult Plancherel theorem for the Fourier transform on $\mathbb{R}$. There are ...
4
votes
3answers
362 views

Hard-sphere gases and the wave equation

I'm trying to bridge a basic gap in my own education: Where can I find a written discussion concerning the derivation of the wave equation (for the propagation of sound, say), assuming nothing ...
3
votes
1answer
333 views

Regarding Discrete Eigenvalues

For many eigenvalue problems for differential operators (for example the quantum harmonic oscillator (HO)), unless we impose some behaviour at infinity, the eigenvalues will not be discrete. But, ...
4
votes
1answer
392 views

Asymptotics of the TBA equation

The Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz equation is an integral equation that was derived by Yang and Yang to study some interacting systems. In the simplest case, it is ...
8
votes
1answer
500 views

How does electric potential relate to mean curvature?

Consider a compact, convex domain $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with $|\Omega|=1$ with smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$. Now consider the electric potential generated by this uniform mass ...
2
votes
1answer
314 views

Are there any physical phenomena of the heat transfer critically depending on diffusion coefficient?

Hello, I am considering the following non-linear heat equation $$ \left(\frac{\partial}{\partial t}-\nu\: \Delta \right) u(t,x) = F(t,x) \sigma(u(t,x)),\qquad (t,x)\in R_+\times R^d $$ where ...
1
vote
0answers
234 views

Geometric description of Jacobi's theorem on complete integrals of HJ eqn.

I am not sure if this question is adapted to this site, if it is not, then I will delete it. The Hamilton--Jacobi theory is about the connection between: the solutions of an Hamilton--Jacobi ...
3
votes
1answer
439 views

A name for PDE systems which are neither under- nor overdetermined?

The concepts of overdetermined and underdetermined PDE systems are well known. However, all sources I have so far looked into appear to avoid giving any name to PDE systems which are neither ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

Poisson equation in the plane

Hello, as I'm not an analyst, I'm having difficulties with the following, certainly well-known problem: one is given the PDE $\Delta u(x,y)=\sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ in the "region" $x^2+y^2\leq1$ with the ...
3
votes
2answers
431 views

Localization of Laplacian eigenfunction on the unit square?

Let A be the unit square, $\{u_k\}$ is the set of all L2-normalized Laplacian eigenfunctions with Dirichlet boundary condition. Is it true that for any open subset V, $C_V = \inf\limits_k ...
3
votes
0answers
328 views

problem with non linear pde

I have the following pde which i cannot solve. any suggestions, tips on how to approach a solution? $$\left(1-x^3 \frac{\partial y}{\partial x} \partial_{y}\right) f(y(x))-1/4 \left(1-\frac{1}{x^3 ...
1
vote
3answers
307 views

another solution to PDE possible?

hi there, i have the following pde: $$(\partial_x x^4 \partial_x - \partial_t^2)y(x,t)=0$$ and found the solution $$y=a+t^2-1/x^2$$, with a a constant. Is this solution unique? Does anyone know of any ...
6
votes
2answers
746 views

How to solve the linearized Navier-Stokes equations in L^P?

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be an open set with smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$. Consider the following linearized Navier-Stokes equations in $Q_T=\Omega\times (0,T)$ for an arbitrarily fixed ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

K.Uhlenbeck's preprint “A priori estimates for Yang-Mills fields”

Does anyone have a copy of the unpublished preprint of Karen Uhlenbeck A priori estimates for Yang-Mills fields from around 1986? It appears to have circulated for some time, and it is quoted in ...