# Tagged Questions

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### $C^\infty$ approximations of $f(r) = |r|^{m-1}r$

Consider $f(r) = |r|^{m-1}r$ where $m \geq 1$.
Is it possible to find $C^\infty$ functions $f_n$, such that
$f_n \to f$ uniformly on compact subsets of $\mathbb{R}$,
$f_n' \to f'$ uniformly on ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Getting an a priori bound on a nonlinear gradient term in PDE; how to adapt trick from $L^2$ case to $H^{-1}$ case?

I have the PDE
$$u_t(t) - \Delta f(u(t)) = 0$$
in $H^{-1}(\Omega)$ where $f$ is a nonlinear function.
Define $F(s) = \int_0^s f(s)$. Note that if $u_t(t) \in L^2(\Omega)$,
$$\frac{d}{dt}F(u(t)) = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### on high order Laplacian

Roughly speaking, we have good understanding of the solution to heat equation $u_t-\Delta u=0$, on bounded or unbounded domain. For example, we know the decay rate, we know it generates analytic ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Reference Request: Elliptic differential operators in the Fréchet setting

Normally the theory of (elliptic) differential operators between vector bundles (or $\mathbb{R}^n$) is presented in the language of Sobolev spaces. I'm searching for a book (or something similar) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

72 views

### Techniques to show existence for a PDE with dynamic boundary condition

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain. I am looking for techniques to show existence of solutions to dynamic boundary problems of the form
$$\Delta u = 0 \quad\text{on}\quad \Omega \times (0,T)\\
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

109 views

### Existence for ODE in Banach space (accretive operators and Crandall-Liggett)

There is a theory of mild solutions $u \in C^0(0,T;X)$ where $X$ is a Banach space for equations of the form
$$\frac{du}{dt} + Au = f$$
where $A$ is an accretive nonlinear operator under some ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Fractional Laplacian on compact hypersurface/manifold via harmonic extension?

Let $M$ be a sufficiently smooth compact hypersurface of dimension $n-1$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
In pages 10-11 of this paper, the authors define $\mathcal{M} = M \times (0,\infty)$ and consider the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### Weighted energy estimate for the heat equation of higher order

The question is originally related to Hardy's uncertainty principle, convexity and Schrodinger evolutions. In this work the authors deduce a convex property of Schrodinger equation by doing it first ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Nonlocal (parabolic) PDEs in the Sobolev space setting

Can someone recommend me some literature on nonlocal parabolic problems (eg. of the form
$$u_t + (-\Delta)^s u = f$$
where the nonlocal operator is the fractional Laplacian)
in the setting of Sobolev ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Passing to the limit in a PDE (subsequence problems)

For $w \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$, consider the PDE
$$\int u'(t)v(t) + \int g(w(t))\nabla u(t) \nabla v(t) = \int f(t) v(t)\quad \forall v \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$$
where $u \in H^1(0,T;L^2)\cap L^2(0,T;H^1)$, and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Interpolation with time continuity

If $u(x,t)$ is a function depends on $x\in\Omega$ and $t\in[0,T]$. The following result could be found in L.C. Evans's book "PDE".
Suppose $u\in L^2(0,T;H_0^1(\Omega))$, with $u_t\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Changing the test function space in a weak formulation of parabolic PDE

Suppose we are interested in the existence of a $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;V^*)$ such that
$$(u(T),\varphi(t))_H -\int_0^T \langle \varphi'(t), u(t) \rangle_{V^*,V} + \int_0^T ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### $f,g , |f|f, |g|g \in A(\mathbb R) \ \text{(Banach algebra)} \implies \left\|f|f|- g|g|\right\|\leq C \left \|f-g\right \|$?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$ and it Fourier transform, $\hat{f} (y) : = \int _ {\mathbb R} f(x) e^{-2\pi i x\cdot y} dx ; y \in \mathbb R ;$ and consider Fourier algebra
$$A(\mathbb R):= \{f\in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Checking initial data in parabolic PDE with no control on time derivative

It is possible to define a weak solution of a parabolic PDE
$$u_t - Au = f$$
$$u(0) = u_0$$
as $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ such that
$$-\int_0^T\int_\Omega u(t)\varphi'(t) + \int_0^T\int_\Omega ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### Scattering for rapidly decaying solutions of NLS

Cazenave and Weissler proved in their paper "Rapidly Decaying Solutions
of the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation" the following property.
Given the problem
\begin{equation}
\left\{
\begin{array}{rl}
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Need a regularity result for parabolic PDE, want $u' \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$

Let us assume $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is as nice as required.
Let $f \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$ and let $g \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$ satisfy
$$0 < a \leq g(x,t) \leq b < ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### A parabolic PDE with Lipschitz nonlinearity, how to obtain well-posedness?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (or more generally a compact manifold). I'm interested in well-posedness (existence most importantly) of equations of the form
$$u_t(t) - ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Can we expect $\left\||f|^{2}f-|g|^{2}g\right\|\leq C ||f-g||$ in the Banach algebra $A(\mathbb T)$ ?

Let $f\in L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ and define the Fourier coefficient of $f$ : $\hat{f}(n)=\frac{1}{2\pi} \int _{-\pi}^{\pi} f(t) e^{-int} dt; (n\in \mathbb Z)$.Consider the space,
$$A(\mathbb T):= \{f\in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### uniqueness for Poisson equation in R^d with mildly regular data

I'm interested in Poisson's equation $-\Delta u=f$ set in the whole space $R^d$ (let's say $d\geq 3$ for simplicity) when $f$ has very little integrability, specifically $f\in L^{1+\varepsilon}$ for ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

227 views

### Simultaneous Orthogonal basis for $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$

Given a smooth bounded set $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$, there is a simultaneous orthogonal basis for $L^2(U)$ and $H^1_0(U)$ by the existence of eigenvectors to the Laplacian in a bounded domain, which ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

654 views

### Sobolev spaces and geometry

This is a very naive question, is there a way to geometrically understand Sobolev spaces without going through analysis and PDE's? To my knowledge, Sobolev spaces where created precisely to study ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

84 views

### How to use, $(|u|^{2}u - |v|^{2}v)(s)= (u-v)|u|^{2}(s)+ v(|u|^{2}-|v|^{2}) (s)$; to prove contraction in a Banach space $C([0,T]; M^{p,1})$?

(May be this is very basic question for MO)
(For details or this question you may see the paper page no. 9, MR2506839, Local well-posedness of nonlinear dispersive equations on modulation spaces; ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

185 views

### Are smooth functions dense in the space $\{u \in H^1(Q) \text{ with } \Delta_\Gamma u \in L^2(Q)\}$?

Define $$Q = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma \times \{t\}$$ where $\Gamma$ is a compact (without boundary) hypersurface. Assume whatever smoothness is required.
Define $L^2(Q) := L^2(0,T;L^2(\Gamma))$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Regularity of weak solutions for a quasilinear problem

Theorem 6.2.7 in the book Nonlinear Analisis of Gasisnski and Papageorgiou states: If $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega)\cap L^\infty(\Omega)$ and $\Delta_pu \in L^\infty(\Omega)$ then we have $u\in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Invertibility of Paneitz operator on a compact manifold without boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of any even dimension that we assume compact and without boundary and $P_g$ the Paneitz operator in the metric $g$. The question is the following:
how to define a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Bounding $\lVert{u}\rVert_{C^0([0,T];V)} \leq C\left(\lVert{u}\rVert_{L^2(0,T;V)} + \lVert{u'}\rVert_{L^2(0,T;H)}\right)$?

Define $W(X,Y) = \{ u \in L^2(0,T;X) \mid u' \in L^2(0,T;Y)\}$
where $u'$ is the usual weak derivative.
Let $V \subset H \subset V^*$ be a Hilbert triple. If $u \in W(V,V)$ (so $$u \in L^2(0,T;V) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### parabolic PDE with almost-monotone elliptic operator, existence results?

Are there any existence results for parabolic PDE of the type $$u_t - Au = f$$ in some Gelfand triple setting ($V \subset H \subset V^*$) with $A$ an operator that it is not quite monotone but close: ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Does the Laplace-Beltrami/surface gradient commute with orthogonal projection? (related to Galerkin method)

Let $\Gamma$ be a $C^k$ $(n-1)$-dimensional hypersurface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $H=L^2(\Gamma)$ and $V=H^1(\Gamma)$.
Suppose that $\{v_j\}$ is a basis for $H$ and $V$ (not necessarily ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Well-posedness of a Stefan problem with Faedo-Galerkin approach

Given a domain $\Omega$ which is divided by $\Omega_1(t)$ and $\Omega_2(t)$ and the interface $\Gamma(t)$, does anyone have a reference to where a Stefan problem of the type
$$\frac{d}{dt}H(u) - ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### How to show the identity $\int_0^T \int_{\Gamma(t)}f(s,t)\;dsdt = \int_S f(\sigma)(1+(\mathbf w \cdot \mathbf n)^2)^{-\frac{1}{2}}\;d\sigma$?

I am reading this paper.
Let $\Gamma(t)$ be a smooth closed connected oriented hypersurface for each $t \in [0,T]$. Define the set $$S = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma(t) \times \{t\}.$$
On page 5 of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Estimates on gradients of diffusion semigroups

Consider the Dirichlet or Neumann Laplacian on a manifold with boundary. Suppose we have some estimate of the form
$$||e^{t\Delta} f||_{L^p} \leq C(t)||f||_{L^q}$$ for some $p, q$. For a specific ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Finite propagation speed of second order operators

I was reading about the finite propagation speed of the wave equation on a Riemannian manifold. I was wondering if instead of the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ we consider the equation ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

130 views

### A basic question about JL Lions' transformation of a Stefan problem

In J.L Lions' book "Quelques méthodes de résolution des problèmes aux limites non linéaires" (page 196), the author considers a two-phase problem with moving boundary separating the interface. The ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### well-posedness of heat equation with Neumann BC and periodic data

On a domain $\Omega$ with $f \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$ such that $f(0) = f(T)$, consider
$$u_t - \Delta u = f\quad\text{on $\Omega$}$$
$$\frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} = 0\quad\text{on $\partial\Omega$}$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

161 views

### Inequality in the Sobolev space $H^1$

I've found the following inequality
$$\int_{B_r}\vert u\vert^q\leq C \bigg(\int_{B_r}\vert\nabla u\vert^2\bigg)^{a}\bigg(\int_{B_r}\vert u\vert ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

144 views

### Perturbations of positive-definite self-adjoint operators

I was reading Kato's book on Perturbations of Linear Operators and have the following questions:
If we have a self-adjoint operator, what kinds of perturbations (other than relatively bounded ones) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### (Ref req) Schrödinger heat kernel is a weak solution of parabolic Schrödinger equation

If we have nonnegative $V \in L^1_{\textrm{loc}}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$, then the operator $H = -\Delta + V$ can be defined on $L^{2}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ via quadratic form methods. This is done by, for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Harmonic/functional analysis question: Uniform bounds for $(1 - \varepsilon\Delta)^{-1}$ as $\varepsilon\to 0$?

Is there a space $X$, compactly embedded in $H^{-1}(R^2)$, such that the operators $(1 - \varepsilon \Delta)^{-1}$ are bounded from $L^1(R^2)$ into $X$, with operator norms that are in turn bounded by ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Do exist infinitely differentiable, compactly supported non zero solutions of the free Schrodinger equation?

I would like to get an answer for the following problem (and possibly be pointed to the relevant literature): given the one dimensional free Schrodinger equation $ i \, f_t + f_{xx}/2 = 0$ for the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### A Poincaré-type inequality with logarithmic function

For any function $f(x)$ we denote $\bar{f}:=\frac{1}{\Omega}\int_\Omega f(x)\,dx$.
Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded smooth domain and $u(x)> 0$ be a smooth function defined on ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Showing $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain.
How does one prove that the inclusion $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous?
I define $H^{\frac 1 ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

71 views

### References for well-posedness of weak solutions to Stefan problem

Can anyone recommend me any papers/texts that deal with the existence off weak solutions of the one-phase (or other) Stefan problem, or in general any sort of free boundary problem (for a beginner)?
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

131 views

### How to show this integral on boundary of Lipschitz domain is finite?

Sorry for asking a basic question but this did not get answered on M.SE.
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a Lipschitz domain. How do I show rigorously that
$$\int_{\partial\Omega} ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

116 views

### Defining surface integral on boundary of $C^1$-domain

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded $C^1$ domain with bounded boundary $\partial\Omega$. Can someone point me to a reference where the surface integral of a measurable function $f\colon \partial\Omega \to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

243 views

### Dirichlet energy of a harmonic function bounded above by the energy of the boundary function?

$\Omega$ is a domain in $R^2$ with sufficient smooth boundary. Given an absolutely continuous function f difined on $S^1$($[0,2\pi]$). Then there exists an unique harmonic function u defined on ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Question regarding to the basis of L^p space via compact self adjoint operators. ( eg: inverse of -laplacian )

Do eigenfunctions of inverse of elliptic operator (eg: Laplacian) form basis of $L^P(\Omega)$ ? For p=2 we know the answer is yes, I am looking for p>2.
More generally, is it true that eigenfunctions ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### K-Theory of Algebra of Zeroth Order Pseudo differential operators

Any one knows a reference for computing K_0 of Algebra of zeroth order Pseudo's on a closed manifold in terms of explicit generators?
Thanx!

**1**

vote

**1**answer

131 views

### If $f \in H^{\frac 12}$ and $\varphi$ is Lipschitz, is $f\varphi \in H^{\frac 12}$ (on a Lipschitz hypersurface)?

Let $M$ be a bounded hypersurface. Let $f \in H^{\frac 12}(M)$ and let $\varphi\colon M \to \mathbb{R}$ be a Lipschitz function.
When $M=\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ an open domain, we know that the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### slightly subcritical elliptic pde; the linearized equations

Let $ p_m \nearrow \frac{N+2}{N-2}$ and consider the family of elliptic problems
$$-\Delta u_m(x)=u_m(x)^{p_m} \quad B \qquad \quad u_m =0 \quad \partial B,$$ where $B$ is the unit ball ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### About Aubin-Lions Lemma

I have a question about Aubin-Lions Lemma, the standard Aubin-Lions lemma need those Banach Space be reflexive spaces, are there any version of Aubin-Lions without reflexivity?
Standard ...