3
votes
0answers
75 views

Variational Principle for a System of Differential Equations

I am studying a differential operator of the form $$ L\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) = -\Delta \left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) + V(x)\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Minimizing some $H^{-1}$ functional over (a subset of) probability densities in $R^d$

Let me consider the following subset of probability measures in $R^d$ $$ \mathcal{K}_M=\left\{0\leq u(x)\in L^1(R^d):\quad \int u(x)dx =1,\,\int|x|^2u(x)dx\leq M,\,\int u(x)|\log u(x)|dx\leq M\right\} ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Coercivity for functional and complete orthonormal system

Consider with $\rho \in W^{1,2}([0,\pi])$ the following functional $$J(\rho)=\frac{1}{2}\int_{0}^{\pi}{\rho^2\,dx}$$ I know that in the $L^{2}([0,\pi])$ the coercivity condition is satisfied, but i'm ...
2
votes
4answers
156 views

Showing coercivity condition for an energy functional

Consider the energy functional $e(\cdot)$ \begin{align*} e(f,Q)&=\int_a^b \bigg\{f^4\bigg[1+\|\frac{d}{dr}Q\|^2+f^2\dot f^2\bigg]\bigg\} \,dr, \end{align*} over the space of \begin{equation*} ...
1
vote
0answers
151 views

Reverse Holder Inequality and the higher integrability of the gradient of a solution to Euler's equation for a certain functional

In Giaquinta-Giusti's (1978) paper "Nonlinear Elliptic Systems with Elliptic Growth" (thm 1.1) they consider the following system: \begin{equation} \sum_{i, j=1}^{n}\sum_{\alpha, ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

Can a function be constructed from the direction of its gradient?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded region in $R^n$ and $J\in (L^2(\Omega))^n$ with $|J| \leq 1$ a.e. in $\Omega$. Under what conditions the equation $Du=J|Du|$, $u|_{\partial \Omega}=f$ has a solution in a ...
1
vote
1answer
228 views

Sobolev Inequality

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded region in $R^n$ and define $W:=\{ u \in H^{1}(\Omega): u(x_0)=0 \},$ where $x_0 \in \partial \Omega$ is a fixed point. Is there a constant $C$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Reference Search for a Functional Minimization Problem

Let $u(x) \ge 0$ be a non-negative, piecewise-differentiable function on the real line. Moreover, let $u(x)$ be integrable with fixed positive mass, that is $$M \equiv\int_{x=-\infty}^\infty u(x) ~ ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Extending the variational bicomplex to Hamiltion or Hamiltion-Jacobi formalism

The variational bicomplex seams to provide a modern formulation of the variational problem in terms of modern differential geometry. In particular the bigraded complex of differential forms ...
1
vote
1answer
245 views

A 'conjecture' on critical elliptic pde

I conjecture the following. Let $\Omega=\mathbb{R}^3-\overline{B_1(0)}$. Define $$E_{\Omega}(u)=\frac{1}{2}\int_{\Omega}|\nabla u|^2dx-\frac{1}{6}\int_{\Omega}|u|^6dx.$$ $E_{\mathbb{R}^3}$ is defined ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Minimizing action squared versus action

I have a very basic question in the calculus of variations: Suppose I want to minimize the functional $$A[r, r'] = \int_\Omega L(r, r') dx $$ When is it possible to say that extremals of $A$ agree ...
6
votes
2answers
370 views

Willmore minimizers for genus $\geq 2$

For an immersed closed surface $f: \Sigma \rightarrow \mathbb R^3$ the Willmore functional is defined as $$ \cal W(f) = \int _{\Sigma} \frac{1}{4} |\vec H|^2 d \mu_g, $$ where $\vec H$ is the mean ...
4
votes
1answer
630 views

Results about existence/uniqueness of solution to Euler-Lagrange equations?

While studying calculus of variations, there is one question that I feel is missing in the texts I'm reading: What can we say about the existence and/or uniqueness of solutions to Euler-Lagrange ...
5
votes
0answers
327 views

“Euler system” in Christodoulou's The Action Principle and PDEs

In The Action Principle and PDEs Christodoulou spends some time describing what he calls the Euler system associated to a system of variational PDEs (sections 2.5-7, 6.2). Briefly, given a bundle ...
0
votes
1answer
587 views

Units of time in the gradient flow equation?

From the energy functional, we can derive the Euler-Lagrange equation and its corresponding gradient flow equation. My question is, what is the physical unit for ``time'' in the gradient flow ...
0
votes
1answer
772 views

Functionals continuous with respect to weak convergence

It's well known that a functional of the form $u \mapsto \int f(u) dx$ is continuous with respect to weak convergence (say weak* convergence in $L^\infty$) if and only if the function $f$ is affine. ...
1
vote
1answer
546 views

Stuck on a convergence argument in $H_0^1(\Omega)$.

I'm trying to verify that a functional I have satisfies the Palais Smale condition for appliction of the Mountain Pass lemma. However I've encountered this step along the way which seems clear to me ...