Existence and uniqueness, regularity, boundary conditions, linear and non-linear operators, stability, soliton theory, integrable PDEs, conservation laws, qualitative dynamics.

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3
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0answers
69 views

Are smooth solutions to a PDE dense in the space of $L^2$ solutions to the PDE?

Let's say I have a linear differential operator $P$ with smooth coefficients between bundles $E$ and $F$ over a smooth compact manifold $X$ with smooth boundary. Let's consider $P$ as an operator ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Reference request - Compact embedding of intermediate space

Given two Banach spaces $X_0$ and $X_1$ with norms $\|\cdot\|_0$ and $\|\cdot\|_1$, respectively, such that $X_0\subset X_1$ and $X_0\hookrightarrow X_1$, i.e., $X_0$ is continuous embedded in $X_1$. ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

biharmonic equation with L^1 data and Navier Condition

I am reading an article that, a section of it is mentioned below . I have some question about this section. I will ask my question after the section below. I am thanksed if some one could help me , ...
0
votes
3answers
114 views

Fundamental solution for a parabolic PDE with constant coefficents

[Cross posting http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1374384/fundamental-solution-for-a-parabolic-pde-with-costant-coefficents ] I don't know if this question is more appropriate in Mathematics and ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Why a cone/parabolic set for the nontangential maximal function?

Suppose $f\in L^p(\mathbb{R}^d)$. Then the Dirichlet BVP for the Laplace equation $\Delta u = 0$ in the upper-half plane $\mathbb{R}^d\times\mathbb{R}_{>0}$ with boundary value $f$ can be solved by ...
3
votes
1answer
305 views

Survey papers on the role played by PDE in mathematics

There are already several questions on Mathoverflow about the application of PDE to several other topics (e.g., algebraic and differential geometry and topology, number theory, harmonic analysis, ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Numerical Computation for Nonlinear PDEs [closed]

I have encountered the following linear complementary problem, anyone knows how to solve that with details. V_t + a V_{yy} + b V_y- (c y V_{xy}+d V_x)^2/(2V_{xx})=0
1
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0answers
100 views

Reference request: The compactness and compact embedding in Besov Space?

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open bounded with smooth boundary. Let $0<s<1$, $1\leq p<\infty$, and $1\leq \theta\leq\infty$. We denote by $B^{s,p,\theta}(\Omega)$ the Besov space. For ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

What can we say about the boundary of the level set of a Sobolev function?

I'm a beginner of the area of free boundary problem. Let me first give some background: $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is an open connected set, and locally $\partial \Omega$ is a Lipschitz graph. ...
1
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0answers
33 views

The best constant in Poincare-liked inequality in $BV$ and $BD$ space

This question has been posted on Math Stack exchange for a while and received no response. So I decide to move it here to get more attention. Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open, bounded and with ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

References for non-zero boundary value problem

I studied linear elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic PDEs (boundary/initial value problem) in terms of existence, uniqueness and regularity. I studied always, following Evans book "PDE", the case with ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

The hypoellipticity of a heat-like operator

I am aware that the heat operator (on a smooth manifold) is hypoelliptic. I am also aware that there are manifolds on which the Schrödinger's operator (with a $\Bbb i = \sqrt {-1}$ multiplying $\frac ...
3
votes
3answers
143 views

Limits for eigenvalues for the Dirichlet Laplacian

If $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $\lambda(\Omega)$ be an eigenvalue of the problem $$ \begin{cases} -\Delta u=\lambda u & \mbox{in }\Omega\\ u=0 & \mbox{on ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Existence of the solution of a Dirichlet type differential equation

I'm reading the first chapter of the book A geometric approach to free boundary problems by Caffarelli and Salsa, see the PDF here. The question came from Page 14—15. Let me state my question: ...
0
votes
0answers
107 views

Is this has anything to do with Riesz representation?

The Riesz representation is very useful in study BV space. There is a lot of version of it and one of the good one can be found in this book, page 49. Here I come up with a question which has similar ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

What dimension bound is known on the singular set of a linear combination of eigenfunctions of Laplacian?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth, closed Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\phi_1,\dots,\phi_m$ are eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on $M$. Write $f = \phi_1 + \dots + \phi_m$. How big can the set ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How to modify a SBV convergence sequence to obtain uniform integrability?

Given $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded with smooth boundary. Assume $(u_n)\subset SBV(\Omega)$ a sequence of functions such that $u_n\to u_0$ weakly in $SBV$ for some function $u_0\in ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Composition operators on fractional-order (periodic) Sobolev spaces

(The question was originally posted on MSE.) Preliminaries: We know that the fractional-order Sobolev spaces $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{R})$ and $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{T})$ are closed under multiplication ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Method of characteristics [closed]

I have difficulties understanding how to solve a PDE in $\mathbb{R}^{4}$ using the method of characteristics. I have a limited background in solving PDEs. I have seen only 2-dim examples and none for ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Is it true that for dimension d=3, if $v\in H_0^1(\Omega)$ but $v\notin L_\infty(\Omega)$ then exponent of v or -v is not summable?

I have the following Question: 1) Is it true that if $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^3$, $\Omega$ - bounded, $v\in H_0^1(\Omega)$ but $v\notin L_\infty(\Omega)$ implies $\int\limits_{\Omega}{e^vdx}=+\infty$ ...
4
votes
0answers
96 views

Difference between parallel transport composed with exponential maps along two different geodesics starting at the same point?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange too: it's not a homework problem, but something that came to my mind while thinking of commutation: ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Degenerate Carleman Estimate for Laplace Beltrami Operator

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary and that I have been able to prove a Carleman type estimate of the following form for an explicit phase function $\phi$ : $ \| e^ {\tau ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Square Integrable Harmonic Functions in an Infinite Strip

Suppose $S= \left\{x \in \mathbb{R}^3 : a <x_1< b \right\} $ is an infinite strip the three dimensional Euclidean Space. Is it true that the only $L^2$ harmonic function in this strip is the ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Operator on a Sobolev space [closed]

I'm studying Sobolev spaces using Evans' PDE book. I can't figure out this simple fact. Let $L$ be an operator in this form: $$Lu= \sum{D_i(a_{ij}D_j(u))+\sum{b_iD_i(u)+cu}}.$$ I can't understand why ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Semigroup solution via Lumer-Phillips

Let $a$ be a coercive, bounded bilinear form on $H^1(\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is some sufficiently "nice" region. I defined an operator $A:H^1(\Omega)\mapsto H^1(\Omega)^*$ by: $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

solutions of elliptic linear pde depending analytically on a parameter

Fix $ \Omega$ a bounded smooth domain in $ R^N$ and suppose $0<w(x)$ is a smooth solution of $ -\Delta w(x)=w(x)^2$ in $ \Omega$ with $ w=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$ (were are assuming $2< ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

Equivalent Norms on Sobolev Spaces

When $k$ is a positive integer and $1<p<\infty$, we know that there is some $C>0$ such that for all $u\in W^{k,p}\left(\mathbb{R}^{N}\right) :$ $$ \left\Vert \left( -I+\Delta\right) ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Differentiating and integrating an infinite series arising from a PDE

Let us work on a bounded domain $\Omega$ with Neumann BCs, with $(\varphi_k, \lambda_k)$ being the orthonormalised eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the Neumann Laplacian. Given $u \in H^{\frac ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Extremal functions for Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality

Recently I read about the Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality. And I would like to ask about the attainability and the maximizers of the GN inequality: $(∫|u|^{r}dx)^{\frac{1}{r}} \leq ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Elliptic pde with bilaplacian; boundary conditions.

I am interested in the solvability of $$ \Delta^2 u + u = f(x) \mbox{ in } \Omega $$ with $ \partial_\nu u = \Delta u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$ where $ f(x)$ is some smooth bounded function on $ ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

How to modify a $H^1$ weak convergence sequence so that I have the $L^2$ equi-integrability of gradient?

Assume $u_n\to u$ weakly in $H^1(\Omega)$ where $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded Lipschitz boundary. My goal is to find a new sequence $\bar u_n$ and a new function $\bar u$ such that ...
3
votes
1answer
332 views

Monge–Ampère with drift

Let $I\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be an interval. Let smooth $M(x,y):I\times(0,\infty) \to \mathbb{R}$ satisfies PDE: $$ M_{xx}M_{yy}-M_{xy}^{2}+\frac{M_{y}M_{yy}}{y}=0. $$ My question is to ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Taylor expansions of Riemannian exponential map and Jacobi fields? [closed]

Apologies if this is not exactly a research-level questions, but I've no known reference where I can figure it out myself. I asked this on math.stackexchange.com, ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

solvability of linear elliptic pde on a torus

Consider a linear non-divergent form elliptic PDE on a flat torus $\mathbf{T}^n$, $$a_{ij}\partial_{ij}u+b_i\partial_iu=f$$ where all the coefficients and $f$ are smooth. What is the condition that ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Generalization of maximum principle to other norms

Consider the Laplace equation $\Delta u=0$ in $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions, i.e. $u=g$ on $\delta \Omega$. By the maximum principle we know that the solution $u$ ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Complex sum of squares of vector fields (hypoelliptic operators)

Consider a compact $M$ of dimension $n$. Consider real smooth vector fields $X_0, X_1, X_2,..., X_n$ on $M$ and consider the differential operator $\mathcal{L}_1 = \sum_{i = 1}^n X_i^2 + X_0.$ Now, by ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Regularity result for the elliptic equation with Neumann conditions

I am having troubles to justify well some inequalities related with the classical theory of elliptic equations. Let us consider the problem \begin{align*} -\Delta c & =f,\text{ in }\Omega\\ ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Optimal relaxation parameter for the SOR method when solving Poisson equation for non-square problems

Yang and Gobbert in paper "The Optimal Relaxation Parameter for the SOR Method Applied to a Classical Model Problem" ( http://userpages.umbc.edu/~gobbert/papers/YangGobbert2007SOR.pdf ) gave proof ...
5
votes
2answers
152 views

Separable coordinate systems for the Laplace and Helmholtz equations?

According to Mathworld, in three dimensions there are 13 coordinate systems in which Laplace's equation is separable, and 11 for the Helmholtz equation. I've read the relevant chapters of the book by ...
2
votes
2answers
429 views

Who is currently researching topics concerning applying algebraic topology and/or differential geometry to numerical methods? [closed]

I am interested in pursuing a PhD in mathematics from a top ranked university with a faculty member researching something akin to the following description: applications of algebraic topology and/or ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

$BMO$-property via a John-Nirenberg type estimate?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d, d\ge 2$, be bounded and denote a ball in $\mathbb R^d$ by $B$. Denote also $$ f_B:= \frac1{|B|}\int_B f \, dx. $$ Suppose $f \in L_{\rm loc}^p(\Omega)$ for all ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

Separation of variables for a particular PDE

Given the partial differential equation \begin{equation} (1-x)\left[- f(x,y) + \frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial x} \right] + (1-y)\left[- f(x,y) + \frac{\partial f(x,y)}{\partial y} \right] = 0 ...
10
votes
2answers
208 views

First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a regular polygon

Consider the Laplacian eigenvalue problem $-\Delta u = \lambda u$ on $\Omega$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions. Let $\lambda_1$ denote the first eigenvalue. The following theorem is well known: ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

On the domain of functionals in measure with singular kernels

this post is concerned with functionals defined in measures. Consider the following functional $$\mathcal{W}[\mu]=-\int_{\mathbb{R}^2}{\log\vert x-y\vert\ d\mu(x)d\mu(y)},$$ were we define ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Heat equation inequality

There is an inequality that tells us that for some sufficiently smooth $f$ satisfying $(\partial_t - \Delta )f \le - \delta f^2 +K$ for $\delta,K >0$ that $f$ is bounded by some constant. ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

Evolution operator for a linear parabolic equation

Let $A(t)$ be a smooth family of positive definite operators on a Hilbert space $H$. Consider the operator $$D:= \frac{d}{dt}+A(t)$$ and let $U(t):H\to H$ be the evolution operator, i.e., $U(0)=I$ and ...
7
votes
1answer
177 views

Poincaré inequality for curl-integrable functions

Let $B=B(r)$ denote a ball of radius $r$ in $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ and $$ u_B := \frac1{|B|}\int_B u \, dx. $$ The standard Sobolev-Poincaré inequality states that if $u \in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$, ...
3
votes
0answers
157 views

How can I calculate the adjoint of the wave operator $\square_{g}$ in $H^{k}$?

I have a three part question, which I could only received an answer for the first part here. The Laplace-Beltrami operator is an operator which is the typical example of a self-adjoint operator in ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

$H^s$ norm of a solution of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation

I'm reading the paper "Global existence and scattering for rough solutions of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbb{R}^3$ by Colliander, Keel, Staffilani, Takaoka and Tao. They study the ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Loss of derivative of subelliptic operator

Consider the differential operator $P$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$, given by $P = \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} + x^2\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}$. Clearly it is elliptic everywhere except on the $y$-axis. ...