# Tagged Questions

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vote

**1**answer

138 views

### Bombieri-Vinogradov in short intervals

In 1985 Perelli, Pintz & Salerno proved a short-interval form of the Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem with $\theta \in (7/12, 1]$. Have there been any improvements on this, in particular with the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

231 views

### Number of solutions in a sum of squares Diophantine equation

Let $n$ be an integer. I'm interested in upper bounding the number of integer solutions of
\begin{equation*}
x_1^2+x_2^2+\ldots+x_p^2=y_1^2+y_2^2+\ldots+y_p^2,
\end{equation*}
where for all ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### When is $\vartheta(x)>x$? [Skewes number analog]

Let $\vartheta(x)=\sum_{p\le x}\log p$. What is known about the first time $\vartheta(x)>x?$
Bays & Hudson give good upper bounds (slightly improved by Chao & Plymen) on the first crossing ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

488 views

+100

### Zeta function double product

Is it possible to write the following double product in terms of the zeta function?
\begin{align}
&\prod_{i=1}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1-(p_i\ p_j)^{-s}}
\end{align}
Extending the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

726 views

### What would be the consequences of $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log k}$?

The question is in the title: what would be the number theoretic consequences if we managed to establish the conjectured asymptotic equality $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

193 views

### Residues and values of Riemann Zeta function at some points

I need the following computational results for proving something.
Let $1/2 + i\gamma_0$, be the first nontrivial zero of Riemann zeta function, $\zeta(s)$,
i.e. $\gamma_0\sim 14.134...$.
1) what is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

590 views

### Sharpening a bound on $\zeta'(s)$

I want to find an upper bound for $\zeta'(s)$ along a vertical line $\Re(s)=b$, where $-1<b<0$.
One way to do this is using $$\frac{\zeta'(b+iT)}{\zeta(b+iT)}=O_b(\log T)$$ and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### The divisors of $p-1$ and high-degree residues modulo $p$

Here is a somewhat more explicit version of a question that I asked a while ago.
Suppose that $p$ is a prime of the form $p=2n(n+1)+1$, with a positive integer $n$. Can every odd prime divisor of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

342 views

### Asymptotic formula for the number of ways to write a number as the sum of $k$ triangular numbers

How would one derive an asymptotic formula for the number of representations of a number $n$ as the sum of $k$ numbers of the form $\frac{m(m + 1)}{2}$
I think that one could use the circle method, ...

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**4**answers

3k views

### If the Riemann Hypothesis fails, must it fail infinitely often?

That is must there either be no non-trivial zeros off the critical line or
infinitely many?
I'm sure that no one believes otherwise, but I've never seen a theorem in the
literature addressing this. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Bounds on imaginary parts of partial Kloosterman sums?

For a prime $p$ and integers $a,m$, $0<a,m<p$ define the (partial Kloosterman) sum
$$ S_p(a,m) = \sum_{0<k<m} \exp\left(\frac{2\pi\mathrm{i}}{p}(a x + x^{-1})\right), $$
where $x^{-1}$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### References to proofs of upper and lower bounds on the number of coprimes in an interval?

On the first page of the article "When the sieve works", the authors present upper and lower bounds for $S(T,T+x;\mathcal{E})$; the number of integers in the interval $(T,T+x]$ that are coprime to all ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

355 views

### short character sums averaged on the character

Let $a$ be an integer, $p$ a prime (much) greater than $a$, and $\chi$ a Dirichlet character.
There is an abundant literature on the sums
$$S(\chi,a)=\sum_{i=1}^a \chi(i),$$
called short (or ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

704 views

### Asymptotics of the n-th prime using the gamma function

In the paper http://rgmia.org/papers/v8n2/eepnt.pdf, the author proves that proves an explicit inequality on prime numbers using the gamma function and as a corollary, he showed that.
$$
p_n = n ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Siegel Walfisz Theorem for algebraic number fields

Is there a generalization of the Siegel Walfisz to algebraic number fields? This has been done for the prime number theorem in the prime ideal theorem.

**12**

votes

**2**answers

584 views

### Special values of $\zeta$ outside the real line and the critical strip

The values of Riemann's function at the integers have been extensively studied. I was wondering, is there anything interesting known (or conjectured) to happen arithmetically outside the real line ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

514 views

### Precise relation between prime number theorem and zero-free region

I was wondering about the following, and I was hoping that some expert here could answer, rather than me indulging in a search for a needle in the haystack of formulas in books like Titchmarsch.
...

**20**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### When does the zeta function take on integer values?

Here $\zeta(s)$ is the usual Riemann zeta function, defined as $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-s}$ for $\Re(s)>1$.
Let $A_n=${$s\;:\;\zeta(s)=n$}. The behaviour of $A_0$ is basically just the Riemann ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### A question about the duality principle

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are finite sets and $K:X\times Y\to \mathbb R$ is some function. We get an integral transform from the space of real functions on $X$ to real functions on $Y$ given by ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### number of divisors

Let $d(n,Q)$ denote the number of divisors of $n$ that is smaller than $Q$. Let $D(n,Q)$ denote the number of positive integers smaller than $Q$ that has the same prime factors with $n$.
My question ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Voronoi formula and twists by additive characters

I was wondering if there are any references for the error term in the problem
$$\sum_{n\leq x} r(n) \exp(2\pi i\frac{a}{q}n)$$
where $r(n)$ is the number of representations of $n$ as a sum of two ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Oscillatory integral moments of $L(\frac{1}{2} + it, f \times f)$

Understanding moments and subconvexity bounds for $L$-functions is a big topic with a lot of activity. I'm currently looking at a related problem, bounding
$$
\int_0^T L\left(\tfrac{1}{2} + it, f ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Bound for sums of bounded multiplicative functions that are zero at primes

Let $h:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be a bounded multiplicative function with $h(p)=0$. The motivation for this question is just a general enquiry and, since I suppose it has already been ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### Lindelof Hypothesis implying Selberg Eigenvalue Conjecture?

(General) Lindelof Hypothesis which says for any $L$-function we have $$L(1/2+it)\ll Q(t)^{\epsilon}$$ for any $\epsilon>0$ where $Q(t)$ is the conductor of $L(s)$ at $t$.
For a Maass form $\phi$ ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

973 views

### Using Vinogradov's theorem for finding prime solutions to a linear equation (an exercise from Vaughan's book)

I'm trying to solve an exercise from Vaughan's book, "The Hardy-Littlewood Method" (ex. 3 in chapter 3: Goldbach's problems, p.36), because I want to use the result stated in it. It is a variation of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Computing certain integrals over high-dimensional polyhedra

Let $\delta>0$ be a small real number and consider the $k$-dimensional region consisting of points for which
$$\delta\leq x_1\leq x_2\leq\ldots \leq x_k$$
and
$$x_1+\ldots+x_k\leq 1.$$
I am ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Computing local volumes : the case of Hecke p-adic subgroups

I am quite interested in knowing how to compute some volumes of groups defined on local fields $K$, mainly in order to evaluate the identity term in trace formulas. It is something well done in the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### Generalization of Watson's triple product

In Watson's thesis (page 51) we can find his beautiful triple product formula. My question is that does there exist a generalization of this formula? By generalization, I mean:
If $\phi_n$'s are ...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Partial sums of multiplicative functions

It is well known that some statements about partial sums of multiplicative functions are extremely hard. For example, the Riemann hypothesis is equivalent to the assertion that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Asymptotic behaviour of $K$-Bessel function in transition range

It is known that the famous mistake of Iwaniec-Sarnak in their paper of $L^\infty$ norm of eigenfucntion of non-cocompact arithmetic surfaces in lemma (A1) is because of they did not consider the bump ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

395 views

### Parity of the Prime Counting Function

I am interested in the distribution of the parity of $\pi(x)$, the prime counting function, over the natural numbers.
Let:
$\ \ E_n := \left\{ k \in \left\{1,\dots,n\right\} : \pi(k) \equiv 0 \mod 2 ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### A conjectural convergence condition for a weakened Elliott-Halberstam conjecture

For $a$ and $q$ positive integers such that $a\lt q$ and $(a,q)=1$, let $\pi(x;q,a)$ be the number of primes $p\equiv a\pmod q$ below $x$. One can show that $\pi(x;q,a)\sim \dfrac{\pi(x)}{\varphi(q)}$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

334 views

### Recovering $\sum_{n \leq x} a(n)$ from $\sum_{n \leq x} a(n)e^{-n/x}$

In the theory of automorphic forms and multiple Dirichlet series, we often take inverse Mellin transforms of Dirichlet series to come up with Tauberian theorems, like the Ikehara Tauberian method. In ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

4k views

### Tightening Zhang's bound [closed]

Inspired by a blogpost by Scott Morrison and ongoing discussion there I decided to create this community wiki to track progress on the original bound of Yitan Zhang.
The original bound was ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Is there a formula that can predict the primes in the sequence of ratios of consecutive superior highly composite numbers? : $2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 3, 7,…$

This is the sequence of prime numbers which are the elementary building blocks for the superior highly composite numbers:
$2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 3, 7, 2, 11, 13, 2, 3, 5, 17, 19, 2, 23, ...$
The $n^{th}$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### The sixth power integral moment of automorphic L-function attached to Maass Forms

It is known that the sixth power integral moment of automorphic L-function attached to Cusp Forms has been proved by M. Jutila, that is $\int_{0}^{T}|L(1/2+it,f)|^{6}dt \ll T^{2+\varepsilon}$.
And ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Effective version of the Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem

Is there an effective version of the Bombieri-Vinogradov Theorem, in that have bounds on the implied constant been found?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### A lower bound on the $L^2$ norm of a Dirichlet polynomial

The Question. Suppose $0 < \alpha < \beta$ are fixed, and $a_n$ is an arbitrary sequence of real numbers. Is it known how to bound from below
\begin{equation*}
\int_0^{T} \Big| \sum_{\alpha T ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### trigonometric sum and inequalities

let $x\in\mathbb{R}-\mathbb{Z}$ and $e(x)=e^{2\pi ix}$. If we have this sum $$\left|\overset{q}{\underset{h=1}{\sum}^{*}}e\left(h\, x\right)\underset{\underset{p\equiv h\,\textrm{mod}\, q}{p\leq ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### What does the sum of the reciprocals of all the highly composite numbers converge to?

I've calculated the sum of the reciprocals of all the $156$ first highly composite numbers up to $10^{18}$:
$\sum \dfrac{1}{HCC(n)} = \dfrac{1}{2} + \dfrac{1}{4} + \dfrac{1}{6} + \dfrac{1}{12} + ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### Some computational results on Hurwitz zeta function and questions

Let
\begin{equation}
\zeta(\sigma - it, a) := \sum_{m \geq 1} \frac{1}{(m + a)^{\sigma - i t}},
\quad \text{Re}(s) > 1.
\end{equation}
When arg a > 0 and $t \to + \infty$, $|\zeta(\sigma - it, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### The behavior of series involving special subsets of the prime numbers

It is well known that the series $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P}} \frac{1}{p}$ diverges where $\mathbb{P}$ denotes the set of primes. Brun proved that $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P_2}} \frac{1}{p}$ converges where $ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Lower bound of first moment of $L$-function on $\mathrm{GL}(3)$

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic form on $\mathrm{GL}(3,\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}})$.
Do we know any case that
\[\int_0^{T} \left|L(\frac{1}{2} + it, \pi)\right| dt \gg T\]
holds unconditionally?
I know the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

208 views

### Inequality for an integral involving $ \exp $, $ \sin $ and $ \cos $

Let $ t > 0 $ and $ k \in \{ 0,1,2,\ldots \} $. Does the following inequality hold?
$$
\int_{k + 1/2}^{k + 3/2}
\frac{x \sin(2 \pi x)}{1 + 2 e^{2 \pi t} \cos(2 \pi x) + e^{4 \pi t}}
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

506 views

### what would be the consequences on the distribution of primes of $\Lambda=\infty$?

It is widely believed that the quantity $\Lambda:=\lim\sup\dfrac{t_{n+1}-t_{n}}{2\pi/\log t_{n}}$, where $t_{n}$ is the imaginary part of the $n$-th non-trivial zero on the critical line of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Lower bound of Hecke eigenvalues of Maass form

If $f$ is a Maass form and $p$-Hecke eigenvalue (i.e. Hecke eigenvalue of usual Hecke operator $T_p$) of $f$ is $\lambda_f(p)$, do we know anything about lower bound of the sum$$S(x) = \sum_{x\le p\le ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Weyl law for Maass forms with nontrivial character

The classical Weyl law for $\Gamma = \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ counts the number of Maass cusp forms on $\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H}$ with Laplace eigenvalue less than $T$. This is originally due to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### density of zeroes of Epstein zeta functions on vertical strips

There are many results (e.g. Davenport and Heilbronn) asserting that Epstein zeta functions in general have zeroes outside the line $\mathrm{Re\ } s = n/4$. Is there any result about the density of ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Andrica's and Legendre's Conjectures [closed]

My question is, which of these two conjectures is stronger, Andrica's or Legendre's? Could proving one prove the other? If the upper bound for the prime gap above any given natural number $n$ were to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Sieving question

How many integers $n\leq X$ are there with the property that $\prod_{p\in S} p \geq n^{1/2-\epsilon}$? Here (to keep notation readable) I've written $p\in S$ if and only if $p||n$ (that is, $p|n$ and ...