**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What would be the consequences of $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log k}$?

The question is in the title: what would be the number theoretic consequences if we managed to establish the conjectured asymptotic equality $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### A lower bound on the $L^2$ norm of a Dirichlet polynomial

The Question. Suppose $0 < \alpha < \beta$ are fixed, and $a_n$ is an arbitrary sequence of real numbers. Is it known how to bound from below
\begin{equation*}
\int_0^{T} \Big| \sum_{\alpha T ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

145 views

### trigonometric sum and inequalities

let $x\in\mathbb{R}-\mathbb{Z}$ and $e(x)=e^{2\pi ix}$. If we have this sum $$\left|\overset{q}{\underset{h=1}{\sum}^{*}}e\left(h\, x\right)\underset{\underset{p\equiv h\,\textrm{mod}\, q}{p\leq ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### The sixth power integral moment of automorphic L-function attached to Maass Forms

It is known that the sixth power integral moment of automorphic L-function attached to Cusp Forms has been proved by M. Jutila, that is $\int_{0}^{T}|L(1/2+it,f)|^{6}dt \ll T^{2+\varepsilon}$.
And ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

394 views

### What does the sum of the reciprocals of all the highly composite numbers converge to?

I've calculated the sum of the reciprocals of all the $156$ first highly composite numbers up to $10^{18}$:
$\sum \dfrac{1}{HCC(n)} = \dfrac{1}{2} + \dfrac{1}{4} + \dfrac{1}{6} + \dfrac{1}{12} + ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### The behavior of series involving special subsets of the prime numbers

It is well known that the series $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P}} \frac{1}{p}$ diverges where $\mathbb{P}$ denotes the set of primes. Brun proved that $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P_2}} \frac{1}{p}$ converges where $ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Lower bound of first moment of $L$-function on $\mathrm{GL}(3)$

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic form on $\mathrm{GL}(3,\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}})$.
Do we know any case that
\[\int_0^{T} \left|L(\frac{1}{2} + it, \pi)\right| dt \gg T\]
holds unconditionally?
I know the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

271 views

### Inequality for an integral involving $ \exp $, $ \sin $ and $ \cos $

Let $ t > 0 $ and $ k \in \{ 0,1,2,\ldots \} $. Does the following inequality hold?
$$
\int_{k + 1/2}^{k + 3/2}
\frac{x \sin(2 \pi x)}{1 + 2 e^{2 \pi t} \cos(2 \pi x) + e^{4 \pi t}}
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

106 views

### Some computational results on Hurwitz zeta function and questions

Let
\begin{equation}
\zeta(\sigma - it, a) := \sum_{m \geq 1} \frac{1}{(m + a)^{\sigma - i t}},
\quad \text{Re}(s) > 1.
\end{equation}
When arg a > 0 and $t \to + \infty$, $|\zeta(\sigma - it, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

584 views

### what would be the consequences on the distribution of primes of $\Lambda=\infty$?

It is widely believed that the quantity $\Lambda:=\lim\sup\dfrac{t_{n+1}-t_{n}}{2\pi/\log t_{n}}$, where $t_{n}$ is the imaginary part of the $n$-th non-trivial zero on the critical line of the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Weyl law for Maass forms with nontrivial character

The classical Weyl law for $\Gamma = \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ counts the number of Maass cusp forms on $\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H}$ with Laplace eigenvalue less than $T$. This is originally due to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

66 views

### density of zeroes of Epstein zeta functions on vertical strips

There are many results (e.g. Davenport and Heilbronn) asserting that Epstein zeta functions in general have zeroes outside the line $\mathrm{Re\ } s = n/4$. Is there any result about the density of ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Andrica's and Legendre's Conjectures [closed]

My question is, which of these two conjectures is stronger, Andrica's or Legendre's? Could proving one prove the other? If the upper bound for the prime gap above any given natural number $n$ were to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Sieving question

How many integers $n\leq X$ are there with the property that $\prod_{p\in S} p \geq n^{1/2-\epsilon}$? Here (to keep notation readable) I've written $p\in S$ if and only if $p||n$ (that is, $p|n$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Uniform bounds of number of integral points on affine varieties

In Duke-Rudnick-Sarnak 93, Density of integer points on affine homogeneous varieties, one of the consequences is the following,
Consider the variety $V_{n,k} = \{A \in Mat_n(\mathbb{Z}): det(A) = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Lower bound of Hecke eigenvalues of Maass form

If $f$ is a Maass form and $p$-Hecke eigenvalue (i.e. Hecke eigenvalue of usual Hecke operator $T_p$) of $f$ is $\lambda_f(p)$, do we know anything about lower bound of the sum$$S(x) = \sum_{x\le p\le ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### polynomials in many variables and Hasse principle

I was wondering whether there exists any result of the form
"if $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x_1, ..., x_k]$ is a polynomial (not form! I don't require homogeneity) of total degree $n$, with $k \geq \delta ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

623 views

### Special values of $\zeta$ outside the real line and the critical strip

The values of Riemann's function at the integers have been extensively studied. I was wondering, is there anything interesting known (or conjectured) to happen arithmetically outside the real line ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

213 views

### is $x_{n}\ll \overline{x}_{n}^{2}$?

This question is a cross-post from MSE, cause I didn't get any answer there. I hope it is well suited for MO:
Let $(x_{n})_{n\ge 1}$ be an increasing sequence of positive integers and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Bounds re Asymptotic Formula for the Sum of Largest Prime Factors

I have a reference request related to the result :
$\sum_{n=2}^{x} P(n)$ ~ $\frac{\pi^2}{12}\frac{x^{2}}{log(x)}$ as $x \rightarrow \infty$
where $P(n)$ is the largest prime factor of the positive ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

108 views

### Expression and growth bound for $r_{p^m,k}(n)$

Let's define , $$R_{p^m,k}(n)=\#\{(a_1,\dots,a_k)\in\mathbb{Z}^k:\sum_{i=1}^ka_i^2\le n \ \text{and} \ p^m|\sum_{i=1}^ka_i^2\}$$
what will be growth bound of $R_{p^m,k}(n)$? This can be thought as a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Inequality due to Siegel (assumptions) and upper bounds on number field discriminants

In Siegel's 1969 paper, Abschätzung von Einheiten, on page 73, he states the inequality
$$\log\sqrt d\le n-1+{n\over 2}\log\pi+r_2\log 2\qquad (*)$$
and compares with the bound due to Minkowski that
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

657 views

### Number of solutions in a sum of squares Diophantine equation

Let $n$ be an integer. I'm interested in upper bounding the number of integer solutions of
\begin{equation*}
x_1^2+x_2^2+\ldots+x_p^2=y_1^2+y_2^2+\ldots+y_p^2,
\end{equation*}
where for all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

184 views

### Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of 4 cubes

Where can I find a pdf that describes Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of $4$ cubes?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

480 views

### Is there a von Koch-type theorem for the generalized Riemann hypothesis?

Helge von Koch proved in 1901 that the Riemann hypothesis is equivalent to the error term in the prime number theorem having the bound
$$
\mid\pi(x)-\textrm{li}(x)\mid=O(\sqrt{x} \log x).
$$
Q1: ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

285 views

### $x^2+1$ attaining almost prime values

Iwaniec, using the linear sieve, proved that $n^2+1$ can be a product of at most two primes infinitely often and furthermore a lower bound of the correct order of magnitude for the number of such ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Growth of $r_k(n)$

What is the best known growth bound of $r_k(n)$, where $$r_k(n)=\#\{(a_1,\dots,a_k\in\mathbb{Z}^k:\sum_{i=1}^ka_i^2=n\}?$$ Please provide some reference if known. Thanks.

**2**

votes

**2**answers

524 views

### Asymptotic formula for the number of ways to write a number as the sum of $k$ triangular numbers

How would one derive an asymptotic formula for the number of representations of a number $n$ as the sum of $k$ numbers of the form $\frac{m(m + 1)}{2}$
I think that one could use the circle method, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

422 views

### Exponential Sum Bound

In
http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6:
Let
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

259 views

### Asymptotics on prime divisors

Somewhat inspired from the Zsigmondy's theorem is my question. Suppose Let $a_{1}> a_{2}> \cdots > a_{k}$ be nonzero integers, with $k \geq 2$. Let $a(n) : = a_{1}^{n}+\cdots+a_{k}^{n}$ for ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

256 views

### Estimates on derivatives of Bessel function

In Duke, Friedlander and Iwaniec's Erratum on "Bounds for automorphic L–functions. II"
They have the following estimates for derivatives of Bessel functions: For $k \geq 2$
\begin{align}
& ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Lower bound on the irrationality measure of $\pi$

There seems to be a lot of work on the upper bound for the irrationality measure of $\pi$, but I could not find anything on a lower bound except the general $\mu(\pi)\geq2$. Looks like it is the best ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

370 views

### Is it possible to find explicit formula for the product $\prod_{\substack{d\mid n \\ d>1}} (1-\mu(d)/\varphi(d))^{\varphi(d)}$? [closed]

I am trying to calculate the following product
$$
\prod_{\substack{d\mid n \\ d>1}} \left( 1-\frac{\mu(d)}{\varphi(d)} \right)^{\varphi(d)}
$$
where the functions $\varphi$ and $\mu$ are Euler's ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Characterizing the newforms s.t. the associated symmetric square $L$-function has a pole

I have a straightforward question. Let $f$ be a holomorphic cusp form of weight $k$, level $N$, and nebentypus $\chi$ that is new in the sense of Atkin-Lehner theory. Write its Fourier expansion at ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

417 views

### Lower bounds on the error term of the prime number theorem

Are there any lower bounds on the error term for the prime number theorem, or in other words, is there a nontrivial $f$ s.t.
$$f(x)\ll |\psi(x) - x|$$
where $\psi$ is the Chebyshev function.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

472 views

### Smallest prime in an arithmetic progression

Let $\{a_n\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ be defined as $a_n = a + bn$ for some $a, b >0,(a, b) = 1$. Are there good bounds on the minimal $k$ s.t. $a_k$ is prime. It is well known that there are infinitely ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### lower and upper bound for $\sum_{k=1}^n \frac{(-1)^{\Omega(k)}}k$?

Are there known any lower and upper bounds for
$$
\sum_{k=1}^n \frac{(-1)^{\Omega(k)}}k,
$$
where $\Omega(n)$ is the number of prime factors counting multiplicities of $n$?
Or at least is it known ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Divisor sums over values of binary forms of primes

Let $\tau$ be the divisor function, that is
$$
\tau(n)=\sharp\{d \in \mathbb{N}, d|n\}.
$$
I was wondering if anyone has ever proved an asymptotic estimate
for the sum
$$S(x):=\sum_{p,q\leq ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

765 views

### Szemeredi's theorem in the Gaussian integers

Suppose that $S\subseteq\mathbb{Z}[i]$ has the following properties:
For convenience, let $A_n = \{z : z\in\mathbb{Z}[i], \text{Nm}(z)\le n\}$
$$\limsup_{n\rightarrow\infty} \frac{|S\cap ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

236 views

### Expression for the derivative of Eisenstein series $G_2$

I am new to number theory, so I am guessing this is a standard formula. I would be grateful for a reference:
We know that the Eisenstein series $G_2$ is quasimodular of level $SL_2(\mathbb Z)$, so ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Squarefree numbers $n$ such that $432n+1$ is also squarefree

This is a second attempt (see Primes $p$ such that $432 p +1$ is prime)
Is the set of squarefree numbers $n$ such that $n(432 n+1)$ is also squarefree known to be infinite?
Fact: the number of such ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Primes $p$ such that $432 p +1$ is prime [closed]

Is the set of prime numbers $p$ such that $432 p + 1$ is also prime infinite?
It doesn't follow from Dirichlet's theorem as far as I can tell.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

823 views

### The shortest interval for which the prime number theorem holds [closed]

It is well known that the prime number theorem on the form
\begin{align*}
\pi(x+y) - \pi(x) \sim \frac{y}{\log (x+y)}
\end{align*}
breaks down for short enough intervals, e.g. taking $y=(\log ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

688 views

### Probability that a positive integer is the euler phi function of another positive integer

Define $f(n) = |\{m : m\le n, \exists k \text{ s.t. }\phi(k) = m\}|$.
Clearly, $f(n)\le \left\lfloor \frac{n}{2}\right\rfloor + 1$ since $\phi(n)$ is even for all $n > 2$.
Is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

133 views

### Asymptotics and error terms for an arithmetic function built upon $\omega$ and $\Omega$ functions

For any real number $x$, let's define $Om_{k}(x)$ as the number of positive integers $m$ below $x$ such that $\Omega(m)-\omega(m)=k$, where $\omega(n)$ is the number of distinct primes dividing $n$, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

557 views

### Incomplete Kloosterman sum

I am interested in an upper bound on the following incomplete Kloosterman sum
$$ \sum_{\substack{x=1 \\ x+_{_{\bf Z}}x^{-1}>p}}^{p-1}e\left(\frac{x+x^{-1}}{p}\right).$$
Using the Weil's bound it ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Kloosterman-like sum with inverse to different moduli

In some recent work, the following strange-looking exponential sum arose:
$$
\sum_k \sum_r \sum_s e\bigg( \frac{r \bar s^{(r)} \bar k^{(r^2+s^2)}}{r^2+s^2} \bigg).
$$
Here $e(x) = e^{2\pi i x}$ as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

246 views

### Arguments for the second Hardy–Littlewood conjecture being false?

Assume that $x,y > 2$, and that $x<y$. Then the second Hardy–Littlewood conjecture states that
$$\pi(x + y) - \pi(y) \leq \pi(x).$$
We can easily justify this heuristically, since
$$
...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

789 views

### The conjecture of Montgomery and Soundararajan on primes in short intervals: Empirical inconsistencies?

Assume that $y/ \log x \rightarrow \infty$ and that $y/x \rightarrow 0$. Then, from a conjecture by Montgomery and Soundararajan, we expect the number of primes in the interval $[x,x+y]$ to be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

310 views

### Arithmetic progression and average of two prime numbers

Let $A=(a_n : n \in \mathbb{N})$ be the sequence given by:
$$
\ a_n = a_1 + (n - 1)d,\quad a_1,\ d,\ n \in \mathbb N,\quad d\gt a_1,\quad \gcd(a_1,\ d)=1.
$$
For all terms of $A$ greater than $\ ...