**5**

votes

**6**answers

524 views

### Representations with Triangular Numbers

A well known theorem of Gauss says that any natural number $n$ may
be written as the sum of three triangular numbers -
$$
n={a_{1} \choose 2}+{a_{2} \choose 2}+{a_{3} \choose 2}
$$
The following ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

203 views

### Translation of an article by Wolfgang Schmidt on normality for real numbers in different bases.

I would greatly appreciate a pointer to a translation from German into English of the article by Wolfgang Schmidt, Über die Normalität von Zahlen zu verschiedenen Basen, from Acta Arithmetica VII, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

558 views

### Question about the Hardy-Littlewood method (quite basic)

Hi, I have a question about the Hardy-Littlewood method.
Writing $R_s(n)$ for the number of ways to write $n$ as a sum of $s$ $k$-th powers and $f(\alpha )$ for the sum $\sum _{m=1}^Ne(\alpha m^k)$, ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### The Riemann Hypothesis and the Langlands program

On page 263 of this book review appears the following:
Given the centrality of L-functions to the Langlands program, nothing would seem more natural (than a presentation of elementary algebraic ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

699 views

### Can infinite polynomials be expressed as a product of its linear factors?

Background:
In the 1700s, Euler solved the Basel Problem, which was to solve $\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{n^2}$ in closed-form. Euler showed that it was equal to $\frac{\pi^2}{6}$ by first expressing ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### Minimal period of arithmetic progressions occurring in sets of positive density.

Let $A$ be a subset of ${\mathbb N}$ with positive upper-Banach density, and for each integer $k\geq3$, define $R_k=R_k(A)$ to be the smallest positive integer $r$ such that $A$ contains a length $k$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Asymptotic formula in Analytic Number Theory

Hi,
Could anyone tell me in what sense the following is an "asymptotic formula":
Theorem 1 from
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Siegel-Walfisz Theorem

Hi,
Could anyone explain to me how A and B are the same/different/equivalent?
A = The Siegel-Walfisz Theorem as stated in Wikipedia (this is the statement in Davenport)
...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

669 views

### Using Quotient of Prime Numbers to Approximation Reals

We know a positive rational number can be uniquely written as $m/n$ where $m$ and $n$ are coprime positive integers. Particularly, we can pick out those numbers with $m$ and $n$ both prime.
Question ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### Lower bound for exponential sums.

Let $D$ be a subset of $\mathbb Z/n \mathbb Z$ containing $0$. For $m$ an integer, set $$\alpha(m,D)=\sum_{d \in D} e\left (\frac{m d }{n}\right ),$$
where as usual $e(x) = e^{2 i \pi x}$ This is an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Ratio of consecutive divisors and average

Let $2\leq d_1 < d_2,...,d_l < n$ be all the proper nontrivial divisors of $n$. I like to understand how much these divisors deviates from each other. Here are two questions in this regard:
(1) ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

559 views

### Bernoulli number formula involving roots of Taylor polynomial of $\exp-1$

Please prove, give more symbolic or numeric support (counterexample!?), simplify or drop me a reference (or some vague hunch).
We have
$$B_n = n!\sum_{\lambda} \frac{\lambda^{2n}}{p'_n(\lambda)}$$
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Estimate needed on a sum involving the prime counting function

Let $F(x) = \sum_{1 < n \leq x} (-1)^{\pi (n)}$ where $\pi (n) $ is the prime counting function.
I am trying to understand how $ F(x) $ behaves as $ x \to \infty$. In particular, what are the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Distribution function for divisors of an Integer

For a fixed $n$, let $D_n(x) = \{ d|n : d \leq x \}$ . We assume here $p \leq x \leq n/p$,
where $p$ is the smallest prime factor of $n$.
For example if $n = p^i$ for some prime $p$ then $D_n(x) ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

467 views

### Average orders of multiplicative functions

For a multiplicative function $f$ and $x>0$ let $$S_f(x)= \sum_{n \leq x} f(n).$$
Studying sums of this type is a favourite pastime of analytic number theorists. I'm trying to understand what kind ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

894 views

### Is there a Montgomery's conjecture for Dirichlet characters and Artin representations ?

Edit: as GH noticed, the way I tried to state Montgomery's conjecture is wrong. There were some mistakes in the references I used, which compounded with some mistakes of mine, gave a very poor post. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Is this extension of the Selberg class trivial?

I came across the following modification of the Selberg class in some of my work (see below), and while I've moved on in some sense -- I submitted the paper in question -- I can't get it off of my ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

592 views

### Least prime primitive root

For $p$ a prime number, let $G(p)$ be the least prime $q$ such that $q$ is a primitive root mod $p$, that is $q$ generates the multiplicative group $(\mathbb Z/p\mathbb Z$)* .
Is it known that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### The tightest prime zipper

Define a prime zipper as an increasing function $f(n)$ mapping $\mathbb{N}$ into $\mathbb{N}$
with the property that, for every $n \ge 1$, there is at least one prime within the
inclusive interval $[ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

320 views

### Density of integers $n$ whose totient $\varphi(n)$ is larger than $\alpha n$

Fix $0 < \alpha < 1$ a real. Let $S_\alpha$ the set of integers $n \geq 1$ such that be $\phi(n)>\alpha n$. For $x>0$, let $S_\alpha(x)$ be the number of positive integers $n$ less han $x$ ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

994 views

### Provable zero-free region for any entire function that analytically is similar to zeta(s)

Is there an entire function $f:\mathbb C\rightarrow\mathbb C$ such that for some $\delta>0$:
$f(z)$ is bounded when $\Re z>1+\delta$
$f(z)$ is unbounded when $\Re z=1$
$f(z)$ grows ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

560 views

### Prime Power Gaps

In 2000, Baker, Harman and Pintz proved that there is always a prime in
the interval $(n-n^{0.525}, n)$. There are also conditional results
implying smaller intervals. Nevertheless, I could not find ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

243 views

### Does FE of Selberg Zeta function imply Trace formula?

Does the functional equation of the Selberg Zeta function imply the Selberg trace formula?
BTW, the trace formula implies the functional equation.

**13**

votes

**1**answer

822 views

### Small primes in arithmetic sequences

Fix an integer $a>1$. For $n \geq 1$ an integer, let $\pi_{n,1}(an)$ the number of primes
$p \leq an$ such that $p \equiv 1 \pmod{n}$, and $\pi(an)$ the number of all primes $p \leq an$. Let
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### An application of Mobius Inversion in a paper of Shintani

I've been reading about Shintani zeta functions and in particular with respect to finding the density of cubic discriminants as in the theorem of Davenport-Heilbronn. In Shintani's paper "On ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

394 views

### About Theorem 3.2 in 'introduction to spectral theory of automorphic forms' by Iwaniec

In Theorem 3.2 of 'Introduction to spectral theory of automorphic forms' by Iwaniec,the first bound is about the coefficients of automorphic forms
$$\sum_{|n|\le ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Number of elements in the set $\{1,\cdots,n\}\times\{1,\cdots,n\}$

Let $A_n=\{a\cdot b : a,b \in \mathbb{N}, a,b\leq n\}$. Are there any estimates for $|A_n|$? Will it be $o(n^2)$?

**14**

votes

**1**answer

820 views

### A question about Speiser's 1934 result on the Riemann hypothesis

A number of sources concerning Speiser's 1934 result state that the Riemann Hypothesis (RH) implies $\zeta'(s)\neq 0$ for all $0<\text{Re}(s)<1/2$. But I have seen some (possibly less reliable) ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

378 views

### Analytical predicate for integers over complex numbers

A complex number $z$ is an integer if and only if $\sin(\pi z)=0$.
It follows that a complex number $z$ is an integer if and only $\sin^2(\pi z) = 0$. So for a real analytic function $f$ and any real ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Large gaps between P2s

Gaps between consecutive primes are $O(n^{\theta+\varepsilon})$ for $\theta=0.525$ and any $\varepsilon>0.$ I was wondering if a better result is known for gaps between numbers with at most two ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

718 views

### Kronecker's Jugendtraum for real quadratic fields?

Kronecker's Jugendtraum (or Hilbert's 12'th problem) is to find abelian extensions of arbitrary number fields by adjoining `special' values of transcendental functions. The Kronecker-Weber theorem was ...

**28**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### How should an analytic number theorist look at Bessel functions?

(And a related question: Where should an analytic number theorist learn about Bessel functions?)
Bessel functions occur quite frequently in analytic number theory. One example, Corollary 4.7 of ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

942 views

### Number of distinct values taken by $\alpha$ ^ $\alpha$ ^ $\dots$ ^ $\alpha$ with parentheses inserted in all possible ways, $\alpha\in\mathbf{Ord}$

Let $\alpha\in\mathbf{Ord}$ and $n\in\mathbb{N}^+$.
Let $F_\alpha(n)$ be the number of distinct values taken by ordinal exponentiation $\underbrace{\alpha \hat{\phantom{\hat{}}} \alpha ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

664 views

### Better error bounds for partial sums of reciprocals of primes?

One of Mertens' theorems gives that
$$\sum_{ p \text{ prime,} p \leq k } 1/p - \log{\log{k}} = B + E(k)$$
where $B$ is a constant near $0.26$ in value and $E(k)$ is an error
term whose size is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Are there formulas for the derivatives $\zeta_{F}^{(n)}(0)$ of Dedekind zeta functions?

Let $F/\mathbb{Q}$ be a number field. I'm interested in knowing if there are formulas for the values of the derivatives $\zeta_{F}^{(n)}(0)$ of the Dedekind zeta function of $F$ at zero.
Maybe if in ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

916 views

### Sato-Tate measure for GL(3) Automorphic forms

As we have known, the Sato-Tate measure for GL(2) turned out to be the half circle measure
$\frac{1}{2\pi} \sqrt{4-x^2}dx$ on [-2,2],
which appears in various versions of equi-distribution problems ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### equidistribution on the unit circle of particular sequences of finite subsets

Given a strictly convex function $g : [0, 1] \to \mathbb{R}$, I'm curious about the asymptotic distribution of the points $\exp{(2 \pi i N g(n / N))}$ for $n = 1, 2, \dots, N$, counted with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

764 views

### Request for the proof of a result from Ramanujan's letter to Hardy.

Srinivasa Ramanujan in his first letter to G.H. Hardy stated many results for which he didn't give proofs. Among them the result taken from this link seems interesting :
If ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

522 views

### Liouville's Theorem in Diophantine Approximation

Liouville's Theorem states that for any algebraic $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ of degree $n$, there exists a positive constant $c:=c(\alpha)$ such that $$|\alpha-\frac{p}{q}|>\frac{c}{q^n}$$ for any $p ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

709 views

### Trying to debunk a claim

Claim: Take any function $f(t) > 0$ for $t > 0$, such that $f(t) \to \infty$ as $t \to \infty$, then for $\sigma > 0$ $$|\zeta(\sigma + it)| = o(f(t))$$
Is there any already existing ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Sum of the sum-of-divisors function

I was looking at the abstract of a paper [1] which claims that [2] and [3] prove
$$
\sum_{n\le x}\sigma(n)-\frac{\pi^2}{12}x^2=\Omega(x\log\log x).
$$
But I cannot find the above—or indeed, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

521 views

### On a sum involving prime numbers

I find myself needing the asymtotics of the following summation for my work. Let $a$ be a positive real number and $p_n$ be the $n$-th prime.
$$
\sum_{k=1}^{n} [k^a - (k-1)^a]p_k
$$
At $a=1$, this ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### Limit of an inverse Mellin transform

In Edwards' very nice book ``Riemann's zeta function'' the following integral comes up in section 1.14. Suppose $\beta = \sigma + i\tau$ with $\sigma > 0$. Suppose $x > 1$. Fix some real number ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

574 views

### Asymptotics of the n-th prime using the gamma function

In the paper http://rgmia.org/papers/v8n2/eepnt.pdf, the author proves that proves an explicit inequality on prime numbers using the gamma function and as a corollary, he showed that.
$$
p_n = n ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### Progress on Bouniakowsky's Conjecture

Has there been any progress on the Bouniakowsky conjecture? In particular, has anyone been able to prove something for a particular polynomial - or for a class of them?
(I can't seem to find ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

588 views

### Number of integers coprime to l

A long time ago I've seen a paper considering, given $\ell$ fixed, estimates for
$$
\sum_{n \leq x, (n, \ell) = 1} 1
$$
Of course, this is easy to estimate with a trivial error term of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the relation between Quasicrystals, Riemann Hypothesis, and PV numbers?

Could somebody explain to me, from a mathematical stand-point, what is a quasi-crystal, and how it relates to the set of Pisot numbers, and the Riemann Hypothesis?
I've heard Freeman Dyson say that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

574 views

### Generalization of Mertens' theorem

One classical Mertens' theorem tells us that $$\prod_{p \leq n} (1-\frac{1}{p})^{-1} = e^\gamma \log n + \mathcal{O}(1).$$
It is now very natural to ask, whether we have some good estimate to ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

887 views

### Certain functional equations for the Riemann Zeta function?

Referring to this question I asked on math.SE.
I am posting a more generalized question here, for answers and further inquiry.
For the Riemann zeta function, we know of the standard functional ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Minor Arc Estimates for an Exponential Sum for a Quadratic Polynomial Over the Primes

Let $f$ be a quadratic polynomial with leading coefficient $\alpha$, and suppose $\alpha$ is in a "minor arc" in the sense that $\alpha$ is not within $\frac{(\log N)^A}{q N^2}$ of any rational number ...