**9**

votes

**3**answers

672 views

### Deducing BSD from Gross-Zagier and Kolyvagin

Does anyone know which papers deduce BSD for elliptic curves $E/\mathbb{Q}$ of rank 0 or 1 from the papers by Gross and Zagier and Kolyvagin? If I understand these theories right, there is still a ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

638 views

### Analytic continuation of the Dirichlet generating series of the multiplicative partition function

Apologies for the lengthy question, but it seems it's the only way i can convey my thoughts. Consider the Dirichlet series:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

524 views

**4**

votes

**0**answers

751 views

### “Must read ”papers on analytic number theory

Question: What would be some must-read
papers for an aspiring analytic number
theorist? In other words, what are the papers that any analytic number theorist would have read? (Background: ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

68 views

### linear independence of values of the polylogarithm at different roots of unity

I am interested in the real and imaginary part of the complex polylogarithm
$$L_{k+1}(\zeta):=Re(\frac 1 {i^k}\sum_{m=1}^\infty \frac{\zeta^m}{m^{k+1}}),$$
where $\zeta$ is a primitive $n$-th root ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

643 views

### Sums of two squares: What is known about the distribution of r(n)?

The distribution of sums of two squares has been studied by Landau. What is known about the distribution of the function $r(n)$, the number of representations of $n$ as the sum of two squares? Some ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Power free values of reducible polynomials

Browning in this paper proves that if $f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ is an irreducible polynomial of degree $d \geq 3$ and $k$ is an integer $\geq 3d/4 + 1/4$, then we have $$\\#\{n \in \mathbb{Z} \cap [1, X] ...

**27**

votes

**1**answer

896 views

### Prime Number Races in 2 Dimensions

Is the mapping $$f: \ \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}[i], \ \ \ n \ \mapsto
\sum_{2 < p \leq n \ {\rm prime}} e^{\frac{p-1}{4} \pi i}$$ surjective?
In 1999, when I was an undergraduate student, ...

**5**

votes

**6**answers

513 views

### Representations with Triangular Numbers

A well known theorem of Gauss says that any natural number $n$ may
be written as the sum of three triangular numbers -
$$
n={a_{1} \choose 2}+{a_{2} \choose 2}+{a_{3} \choose 2}
$$
The following ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### Translation of an article by Wolfgang Schmidt on normality for real numbers in different bases.

I would greatly appreciate a pointer to a translation from German into English of the article by Wolfgang Schmidt, Über die Normalität von Zahlen zu verschiedenen Basen, from Acta Arithmetica VII, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

541 views

### Question about the Hardy-Littlewood method (quite basic)

Hi, I have a question about the Hardy-Littlewood method.
Writing $R_s(n)$ for the number of ways to write $n$ as a sum of $s$ $k$-th powers and $f(\alpha )$ for the sum $\sum _{m=1}^Ne(\alpha m^k)$, ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### The Riemann Hypothesis and the Langlands program

On page 263 of this book review appears the following:
Given the centrality of L-functions to the Langlands program, nothing would seem more natural (than a presentation of elementary algebraic ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

626 views

### Can infinite polynomials be expressed as a product of its linear factors?

Background:
In the 1700s, Euler solved the Basel Problem, which was to solve $\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{n^2}$ in closed-form. Euler showed that it was equal to $\frac{\pi^2}{6}$ by first expressing ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

239 views

### Minimal period of arithmetic progressions occurring in sets of positive density.

Let $A$ be a subset of ${\mathbb N}$ with positive upper-Banach density, and for each integer $k\geq3$, define $R_k=R_k(A)$ to be the smallest positive integer $r$ such that $A$ contains a length $k$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Asymptotic formula in Analytic Number Theory

Hi,
Could anyone tell me in what sense the following is an "asymptotic formula":
Theorem 1 from
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### Siegel-Walfisz Theorem

Hi,
Could anyone explain to me how A and B are the same/different/equivalent?
A = The Siegel-Walfisz Theorem as stated in Wikipedia (this is the statement in Davenport)
...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

640 views

### Using Quotient of Prime Numbers to Approximation Reals

We know a positive rational number can be uniquely written as $m/n$ where $m$ and $n$ are coprime positive integers. Particularly, we can pick out those numbers with $m$ and $n$ both prime.
Question ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Lower bound for exponential sums.

Let $D$ be a subset of $\mathbb Z/n \mathbb Z$ containing $0$. For $m$ an integer, set $$\alpha(m,D)=\sum_{d \in D} e\left (\frac{m d }{n}\right ),$$
where as usual $e(x) = e^{2 i \pi x}$ This is an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Ratio of consecutive divisors and average

Let $2\leq d_1 < d_2,...,d_l < n$ be all the proper nontrivial divisors of $n$. I like to understand how much these divisors deviates from each other. Here are two questions in this regard:
(1) ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

551 views

### Bernoulli number formula involving roots of Taylor polynomial of $\exp-1$

Please prove, give more symbolic or numeric support (counterexample!?), simplify or drop me a reference (or some vague hunch).
We have
$$B_n = n!\sum_{\lambda} \frac{\lambda^{2n}}{p'_n(\lambda)}$$
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Estimate needed on a sum involving the prime counting function

Let $F(x) = \sum_{1 < n \leq x} (-1)^{\pi (n)}$ where $\pi (n) $ is the prime counting function.
I am trying to understand how $ F(x) $ behaves as $ x \to \infty$. In particular, what are the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Distribution function for divisors of an Integer

For a fixed $n$, let $D_n(x) = \{ d|n : d \leq x \}$ . We assume here $p \leq x \leq n/p$,
where $p$ is the smallest prime factor of $n$.
For example if $n = p^i$ for some prime $p$ then $D_n(x) ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

454 views

### Average orders of multiplicative functions

For a multiplicative function $f$ and $x>0$ let $$S_f(x)= \sum_{n \leq x} f(n).$$
Studying sums of this type is a favourite pastime of analytic number theorists. I'm trying to understand what kind ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

888 views

### Is there a Montgomery's conjecture for Dirichlet characters and Artin representations ?

Edit: as GH noticed, the way I tried to state Montgomery's conjecture is wrong. There were some mistakes in the references I used, which compounded with some mistakes of mine, gave a very poor post. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### Is this extension of the Selberg class trivial?

I came across the following modification of the Selberg class in some of my work (see below), and while I've moved on in some sense -- I submitted the paper in question -- I can't get it off of my ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

557 views

### Least prime primitive root

For $p$ a prime number, let $G(p)$ be the least prime $q$ such that $q$ is a primitive root mod $p$, that is $q$ generates the multiplicative group $(\mathbb Z/p\mathbb Z$)* .
Is it known that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### The tightest prime zipper

Define a prime zipper as an increasing function $f(n)$ mapping $\mathbb{N}$ into $\mathbb{N}$
with the property that, for every $n \ge 1$, there is at least one prime within the
inclusive interval $[ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### Density of integers $n$ whose totient $\varphi(n)$ is larger than $\alpha n$

Fix $0 < \alpha < 1$ a real. Let $S_\alpha$ the set of integers $n \geq 1$ such that be $\phi(n)>\alpha n$. For $x>0$, let $S_\alpha(x)$ be the number of positive integers $n$ less han $x$ ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

983 views

### Provable zero-free region for any entire function that analytically is similar to zeta(s)

Is there an entire function $f:\mathbb C\rightarrow\mathbb C$ such that for some $\delta>0$:
$f(z)$ is bounded when $\Re z>1+\delta$
$f(z)$ is unbounded when $\Re z=1$
$f(z)$ grows ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

540 views

### Prime Power Gaps

In 2000, Baker, Harman and Pintz proved that there is always a prime in
the interval $(n-n^{0.525}, n)$. There are also conditional results
implying smaller intervals. Nevertheless, I could not find ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

239 views

### Does FE of Selberg Zeta function imply Trace formula?

Does the functional equation of the Selberg Zeta function imply the Selberg trace formula?
BTW, the trace formula implies the functional equation.

**13**

votes

**1**answer

810 views

### Small primes in arithmetic sequences

Fix an integer $a>1$. For $n \geq 1$ an integer, let $\pi_{n,1}(an)$ the number of primes
$p \leq an$ such that $p \equiv 1 \pmod{n}$, and $\pi(an)$ the number of all primes $p \leq an$. Let
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### An application of Mobius Inversion in a paper of Shintani

I've been reading about Shintani zeta functions and in particular with respect to finding the density of cubic discriminants as in the theorem of Davenport-Heilbronn. In Shintani's paper "On ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### About Theorem 3.2 in 'introduction to spectral theory of automorphic forms' by Iwaniec

In Theorem 3.2 of 'Introduction to spectral theory of automorphic forms' by Iwaniec,the first bound is about the coefficients of automorphic forms
$$\sum_{|n|\le ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Number of elements in the set $\{1,\cdots,n\}\times\{1,\cdots,n\}$

Let $A_n=\{a\cdot b : a,b \in \mathbb{N}, a,b\leq n\}$. Are there any estimates for $|A_n|$? Will it be $o(n^2)$?

**14**

votes

**1**answer

816 views

### A question about Speiser's 1934 result on the Riemann hypothesis

A number of sources concerning Speiser's 1934 result state that the Riemann Hypothesis (RH) implies $\zeta'(s)\neq 0$ for all $0<\text{Re}(s)<1/2$. But I have seen some (possibly less reliable) ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

375 views

### Analytical predicate for integers over complex numbers

A complex number $z$ is an integer if and only if $\sin(\pi z)=0$.
It follows that a complex number $z$ is an integer if and only $\sin^2(\pi z) = 0$. So for a real analytic function $f$ and any real ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Large gaps between P2s

Gaps between consecutive primes are $O(n^{\theta+\varepsilon})$ for $\theta=0.525$ and any $\varepsilon>0.$ I was wondering if a better result is known for gaps between numbers with at most two ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

705 views

### Kronecker's Jugendtraum for real quadratic fields?

Kronecker's Jugendtraum (or Hilbert's 12'th problem) is to find abelian extensions of arbitrary number fields by adjoining `special' values of transcendental functions. The Kronecker-Weber theorem was ...

**27**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### How should an analytic number theorist look at Bessel functions?

(And a related question: Where should an analytic number theorist learn about Bessel functions?)
Bessel functions occur quite frequently in analytic number theory. One example, Corollary 4.7 of ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

923 views

### Number of distinct values taken by $\alpha$ ^ $\alpha$ ^ $\dots$ ^ $\alpha$ with parentheses inserted in all possible ways, $\alpha\in\mathbf{Ord}$

Let $\alpha\in\mathbf{Ord}$ and $n\in\mathbb{N}^+$.
Let $F_\alpha(n)$ be the number of distinct values taken by ordinal exponentiation $\underbrace{\alpha \hat{\phantom{\hat{}}} \alpha ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

620 views

### Better error bounds for partial sums of reciprocals of primes?

One of Mertens' theorems gives that
$$\sum_{ p \text{ prime,} p \leq k } 1/p - \log{\log{k}} = B + E(k)$$
where $B$ is a constant near $0.26$ in value and $E(k)$ is an error
term whose size is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

236 views

### Are there formulas for the derivatives $\zeta_{F}^{(n)}(0)$ of Dedekind zeta functions?

Let $F/\mathbb{Q}$ be a number field. I'm interested in knowing if there are formulas for the values of the derivatives $\zeta_{F}^{(n)}(0)$ of the Dedekind zeta function of $F$ at zero.
Maybe if in ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

893 views

### Sato-Tate measure for GL(3) Automorphic forms

As we have known, the Sato-Tate measure for GL(2) turned out to be the half circle measure
$\frac{1}{2\pi} \sqrt{4-x^2}dx$ on [-2,2],
which appears in various versions of equi-distribution problems ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### equidistribution on the unit circle of particular sequences of finite subsets

Given a strictly convex function $g : [0, 1] \to \mathbb{R}$, I'm curious about the asymptotic distribution of the points $\exp{(2 \pi i N g(n / N))}$ for $n = 1, 2, \dots, N$, counted with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

757 views

### Request for the proof of a result from Ramanujan's letter to Hardy.

Srinivasa Ramanujan in his first letter to G.H. Hardy stated many results for which he didn't give proofs. Among them the result taken from this link seems interesting :
If ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

479 views

### Liouville's Theorem in Diophantine Approximation

Liouville's Theorem states that for any algebraic $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ of degree $n$, there exists a positive constant $c:=c(\alpha)$ such that $$|\alpha-\frac{p}{q}|>\frac{c}{q^n}$$ for any $p ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

698 views

### Trying to debunk a claim

Claim: Take any function $f(t) > 0$ for $t > 0$, such that $f(t) \to \infty$ as $t \to \infty$, then for $\sigma > 0$ $$|\zeta(\sigma + it)| = o(f(t))$$
Is there any already existing ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

973 views

### Sum of the sum-of-divisors function

I was looking at the abstract of a paper [1] which claims that [2] and [3] prove
$$
\sum_{n\le x}\sigma(n)-\frac{\pi^2}{12}x^2=\Omega(x\log\log x).
$$
But I cannot find the above—or indeed, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

513 views

### On a sum involving prime numbers

I find myself needing the asymtotics of the following summation for my work. Let $a$ be a positive real number and $p_n$ be the $n$-th prime.
$$
\sum_{k=1}^{n} [k^a - (k-1)^a]p_k
$$
At $a=1$, this ...