**1**

vote

**2**answers

374 views

### Analytical predicate for integers over complex numbers

A complex number $z$ is an integer if and only if $\sin(\pi z)=0$.
It follows that a complex number $z$ is an integer if and only $\sin^2(\pi z) = 0$. So for a real analytic function $f$ and any real ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Large gaps between P2s

Gaps between consecutive primes are $O(n^{\theta+\varepsilon})$ for $\theta=0.525$ and any $\varepsilon>0.$ I was wondering if a better result is known for gaps between numbers with at most two ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

677 views

### Kronecker's Jugendtraum for real quadratic fields?

Kronecker's Jugendtraum (or Hilbert's 12'th problem) is to find abelian extensions of arbitrary number fields by adjoining `special' values of transcendental functions. The Kronecker-Weber theorem was ...

**27**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### How should an analytic number theorist look at Bessel functions?

(And a related question: Where should an analytic number theorist learn about Bessel functions?)
Bessel functions occur quite frequently in analytic number theory. One example, Corollary 4.7 of ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

912 views

### Number of distinct values taken by $\alpha$ ^ $\alpha$ ^ $\dots$ ^ $\alpha$ with parentheses inserted in all possible ways, $\alpha\in\mathbf{Ord}$

Let $\alpha\in\mathbf{Ord}$ and $n\in\mathbb{N}^+$.
Let $F_\alpha(n)$ be the number of distinct values taken by ordinal exponentiation $\underbrace{\alpha \hat{\phantom{\hat{}}} \alpha ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

579 views

### Better error bounds for partial sums of reciprocals of primes?

One of Mertens' theorems gives that
$$\sum_{ p \text{ prime,} p \leq k } 1/p - \log{\log{k}} = B + E(k)$$
where $B$ is a constant near $0.26$ in value and $E(k)$ is an error
term whose size is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

234 views

### Are there formulas for the derivatives $\zeta_{F}^{(n)}(0)$ of Dedekind zeta functions?

Let $F/\mathbb{Q}$ be a number field. I'm interested in knowing if there are formulas for the values of the derivatives $\zeta_{F}^{(n)}(0)$ of the Dedekind zeta function of $F$ at zero.
Maybe if in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

786 views

### Sato-Tate measure for GL(3) Automorphic forms

As we have known, the Sato-Tate measure for GL(2) turned out to be the half circle measure
$\frac{1}{2\pi} \sqrt{4-x^2}dx$ on [-2,2],
which appears in various versions of equi-distribution problems ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### equidistribution on the unit circle of particular sequences of finite subsets

Given a strictly convex function $g : [0, 1] \to \mathbb{R}$, I'm curious about the asymptotic distribution of the points $\exp{(2 \pi i N g(n / N))}$ for $n = 1, 2, \dots, N$, counted with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

750 views

### Request for the proof of a result from Ramanujan's letter to Hardy.

Srinivasa Ramanujan in his first letter to G.H. Hardy stated many results for which he didn't give proofs. Among them the result taken from this link seems interesting :
If ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

427 views

### Liouville's Theorem in Diophantine Approximation

Liouville's Theorem states that for any algebraic $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ of degree $n$, there exists a positive constant $c:=c(\alpha)$ such that $$|\alpha-\frac{p}{q}|>\frac{c}{q^n}$$ for any $p ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

694 views

### Trying to debunk a claim

Claim: Take any function $f(t) > 0$ for $t > 0$, such that $f(t) \to \infty$ as $t \to \infty$, then for $\sigma > 0$ $$|\zeta(\sigma + it)| = o(f(t))$$
Is there any already existing ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

907 views

### Sum of the sum-of-divisors function

I was looking at the abstract of a paper [1] which claims that [2] and [3] prove
$$
\sum_{n\le x}\sigma(n)-\frac{\pi^2}{12}x^2=\Omega(x\log\log x).
$$
But I cannot find the above—or indeed, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

502 views

### On a sum involving prime numbers

I find myself needing the asymtotics of the following summation for my work. Let $a$ be a positive real number and $p_n$ be the $n$-th prime.
$$
\sum_{k=1}^{n} [k^a - (k-1)^a]p_k
$$
At $a=1$, this ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

179 views

### Limit of an inverse Mellin transform

In Edwards' very nice book ``Riemann's zeta function'' the following integral comes up in section 1.14. Suppose $\beta = \sigma + i\tau$ with $\sigma > 0$. Suppose $x > 1$. Fix some real number ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

527 views

### Asymptotics of the n-th prime using the gamma function

In the paper http://rgmia.org/papers/v8n2/eepnt.pdf, the author proves that proves an explicit inequality on prime numbers using the gamma function and as a corollary, he showed that.
$$
p_n = n ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

451 views

### Progress on Bouniakowsky's Conjecture

Has there been any progress on the Bouniakowsky conjecture? In particular, has anyone been able to prove something for a particular polynomial - or for a class of them?
(I can't seem to find ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

544 views

### Number of integers coprime to l

A long time ago I've seen a paper considering, given $\ell$ fixed, estimates for
$$
\sum_{n \leq x, (n, \ell) = 1} 1
$$
Of course, this is easy to estimate with a trivial error term of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the relation between Quasicrystals, Riemann Hypothesis, and PV numbers?

Could somebody explain to me, from a mathematical stand-point, what is a quasi-crystal, and how it relates to the set of Pisot numbers, and the Riemann Hypothesis?
I've heard Freeman Dyson say that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

531 views

### Generalization of Mertens' theorem

One classical Mertens' theorem tells us that $$\prod_{p \leq n} (1-\frac{1}{p})^{-1} = e^\gamma \log n + \mathcal{O}(1).$$
It is now very natural to ask, whether we have some good estimate to ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

862 views

### Certain functional equations for the Riemann Zeta function?

Referring to this question I asked on math.SE.
I am posting a more generalized question here, for answers and further inquiry.
For the Riemann zeta function, we know of the standard functional ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Minor Arc Estimates for an Exponential Sum for a Quadratic Polynomial Over the Primes

Let $f$ be a quadratic polynomial with leading coefficient $\alpha$, and suppose $\alpha$ is in a "minor arc" in the sense that $\alpha$ is not within $\frac{(\log N)^A}{q N^2}$ of any rational number ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

696 views

### On the Hasse-Weil L-function of $P^n$

So let us start with the "simplest" scheme over $Spec(\mathbf{Z})$ namely $X_0=Spec(\mathbf{Z})$. Then the (reciprocal) Weil zeta function of $X_0$ at a prime $p$ is given by $Z_p(T)=1-T$ (a ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Primes with more ones than zeroes in their Binary expansion

This question is also motivated by the developement around my old MO question about Mobius randomness. It is also motivated by Joe O'Rourke's question on finding primes in sparse sets.
Let $A$ be ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Möbius Randomness of the Rudin-Shapiro Sequence

The Rudin-Shapiro sequence (also known as the Golay-Rudin-Shapiro sequence) is defined as follows.
Let $a_n = \sum \epsilon_i\epsilon_{i+1}$ where $\epsilon_1,\epsilon_2,\dots$ are the digits in the ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

563 views

### non-trivial zeros of partial zeta functions

Let $N,a\in\mathbf{Z}_{\geq 1}$. Define a partial $\zeta$-function as
$$
\zeta(s;N,a):=\sum_{\substack{n\geq 1\newline n\equiv a\pmod{N}}} \frac{1}{n^s}
$$
where $Re(s)>1$. Let $\omega$ be either ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### p-adic diophantine approximation

Suppose you have a sequence of rational numbers that gives a diophantine approximaion an irrational, what can be said p-adically about this sequence?
I'm interested in the p-adic analoges of these ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

346 views

### Character sums: reference request

This one will be quick...
Wonder if anybody knows or remembers the title of the paper in which Karatsuba introduced his approach at Burgess's bound on character sums.
Thanks for your support.
EDIT. ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

810 views

### Density of a set of integers

EDIT: this question of mine has received little attention, perhaps in part because it was stated in a too general and complicated way. So let me give it a second chance:
Fix an integer $r \geq 0$. ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Understanding zeta function regularization

I attended a talk this morning on Ray-Singer torsion, in which Rafael Siejakowski introduced zeta function regularization in a compelling way. The goal is to define the determinant of a positive ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

923 views

### Sum of $\sum_{k=1}^nd(k^2)$

There is a literature dealing with
$$
\sum_{k\le x}d(f(k))
$$
where $f$ is an irreducible polynomial and $d(n)$ is the number of divisors of $n$. Erdos 1952 shows that the sum $\asymp x\log x,$ which ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Dual Maass form for level=N in GL(2)

Let $\Gamma=\Gamma_o(N)$ be the congruence subgroup.
Let $f\in C^\infty(\Gamma\backslash GL(2,R)/SO(2,R)R^*)$ be a Maass form. How shall we define its dual(contragredient) Maass form $f'$?
If ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

851 views

### Finite sums of prime numbers $\geq x$

Let $S_x$ be the set of finite sums of prime numbers $\geq x$. In other words, let $S_x$ be the submonoid of $(\mathbf{Z}_{\geq 0},+)$ generated by the set $\mathcal{P}_{\geq x}$ of prime numbers ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### A question about the Beurling-Selberg majorant

Beurling's majorant is defined as the unique entire function $B(z)$ such that the Fourier transform of $B(x)$ is compactly supported in the interval $[-1;1]$, $B(x) \geq \text{sgn}(x)$ and $B(x)$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### Distribution of primes in small intervals

Let $\pi(x)$ be the number of primes smaller than $x$. Do there exist unconditionally universal constants $c > d$ such that
$$
\lim_{x \rightarrow \infty} \frac{\pi(x + \log^c x) - ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

394 views

### Help with a mellin-type integral

greetings . i've been trying to do this integral for many days now, with no clue on how to attack it . the integral is a mellin inverse of some kind, and appears in analytic number theory .
...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

304 views

### Growth of $n=n(k)$ for which there's a non-trivial solution to $x_1^k+\cdots+x_n^k=y^k$?

Walter Hayman just asked me the following question. What, if anything, is known about the growth of the function $n(k)$, where $k\geq1$ is an integer, and $n=n(k)\geq2$ is the smallest integer for ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

551 views

### Montgomery's pair correlation function without RH?

In the theory of the Riemann zeta function, Montgomery's Pair correlation function is defined as
$$
F(\alpha) = \frac{1}{N(T)}
\sum_{T < \gamma, \gamma' < 2T} T^{i \alpha (\gamma - \gamma')} ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

364 views

### Dirichlet's theorem on prime density [closed]

Does anyone knows where I could find the proof of Dirichlet's theorem on the analytic density of primes congruent to a certain integer $m$, which turns out to be $\frac{1}{\varphi(m)}$?
Thanks a lot.
...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

644 views

### Interesting result on the Euler-Maschroni constant - what is the background?

Today I entered the following expression in maple:
$$a_i = H_{10^i} - ln(10^i) - \gamma$$
Here $H_j$ equals $\sum_{k=1}^{j} 1/k$ and $\gamma$ is the Euler-Mascheroni constant.
When I computed $a_n$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

415 views

### On the least prime in arithmetic progressions

My question concerns the least prime (denoted $p(a, q)$) in the arithmetic progression $a \pmod q$ where $a$ and $q$ are coprime. Quite a time ago Linnik demonstrated that
$$p(a, q) \ll q^L$$
for ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

772 views

### 1895 Math Trip problem on primitive roots of unity

How to prove that if $\theta _1,\theta _2,\theta _3$ be the arguments of the primitive roots of unity, $\sum \cos p\theta = 0$ when $p$ is a positive integer less than $\dfrac {n} {abc\ldots k}$, ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

677 views

### Doubt in the proof of $\lim_{s \to 1^{+}} L(s,\chi) = L(1,\chi)$

Theorem 12 of the following link asserts the following:
$\textbf{Theorem.}$ Let $\chi \in X_{N}$ with $\chi \neq \epsilon$. There exists $C > 0$ such that $$L(s,\chi) = L(1,\chi) + O(s-1)$$ as ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

489 views

### The sequence $a_{n+1}=$ the greatest prime factor of $(xa_n+y)$

Let $\operatorname{ GPF}(n)$ be the greatest prime factor of $n$, eg. $\operatorname{ GPF}(17)=17$, $\operatorname{ GPF}(18)=3$.
Is there a way to prove that the sequence $a_{n+1}=\operatorname{ ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

647 views

### Origin of the notation s=\sigma+it in analytic number theory

I was wondering if the standard notation of denoting a complex variable by "$s$" had an interesting origin, or if it dates back to Riemann or Weierstrass. Almost every book in analytic number theory ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

886 views

### Numbers of a different order?

Let $d_r$ be a divergent series of positive terms and let $s_r = \sum_{i=1}^{r}d_r$. We are interested in the sequence of numbers $S_{d_r} = s_1, s_2, \ldots$. For example if $d_r = 1/r$ the $s_r = ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

359 views

### Measure Theoretic view of Hardy Littlewood Circle Method

Is it possible to view the Hardy-Littlewood Circle method as the Fourier transform with respect to the Lebesgue measure on [0,1) for an appropriate generating function defined in terms of additive ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

576 views

### Estimate about primes

Can anyone give an estimate (upper bound or lower bound) for the number of divisors $d\mid P_r$ such that $\frac{\sqrt{P_r}}{2}< d < \sqrt{P_r}$, where $P_r$ is the product of the $r$ smallest ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

334 views

### Bounds on an exponential sum related to an equidistribution question

The short version:
Given non-zero real numbers $\alpha$ and $\beta$, can one prove the following estimate in a simple manner? Or does it follow from a well-known result on exponential sums? $$ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

818 views

### Using Vinogradov's theorem for finding prime solutions to a linear equation (an exercise from Vaughan's book)

I'm trying to solve an exercise from Vaughan's book, "The Hardy-Littlewood Method" (ex. 3 in chapter 3: Goldbach's problems, p.36), because I want to use the result stated in it. It is a variation of ...