**10**

votes

**1**answer

485 views

### Why do the Maynard-Tao weights work so well?

I am looking for an intuitive reason for why the Maynard-Tao weights work well to capture many primes of the form $n+h_1, \ldots , n+h_k$, where $(h_1, \ldots , h_k)$ is any admissible $k$-tuple.
For ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Lattice points near a curve

Bombieri and Pila had a well known bound for the count of lattice points on an algebraic curve in the plane. Does it generalize to a bound for the count of lattice points near (say within a distance ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

193 views

### Convergence of a double sum involving prime numbers

This has been moved from math.stackexchange;
I am attempting to prove/disprove convergence of the following sum
$$ \lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{1}{n} \sum_{p \leq n} \sum_{k=0}^\infty \ln p \left\{\frac{...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### The growth rate of almost periods for almost periodic function

A subset $A \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is relative dense if there exists $L>0$ such that for every $p\in \mathbb{R}^2$ there exists $p' \in A$ such that $|p-p'|<L.$
A continuous function $f : \...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### An exponential sum over squares

I have the following exponential sum:
$\sum _{M<n\leq N}e\left (x/n^2\right )=\sum f(n),$
say, where $M$ and $N$ are something like $x^{1/4}$ and $x^{1/2}$.
My question is basically, how do I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

534 views

### Euler product for sum of multiplicative function times log

(Cross-posted from StackExchange). Let $g$ be a multiplicative function which satisfies $0 \le g(p) \ll 1/p$ and
$$ \sum_{p\le x} g(p) = \log \log x + C + O((\log x)^{-10}). $$
Iwaniec and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Short Kloosterman sum

Let $K(m,n,c)=\sum_{p\in A}\exp(2\pi i(pm+np^{-1}))$, where $m,n\in\mathbb{Z}$, $c\in\mathbb{N}$, and $A\subset (\mathbb{Z}/c\mathbb{Z})^\times$.
Does anybody know any nontrivial bound for this kind ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

222 views

### Is this a proof of the Hardy-Littlewood inequality? [closed]

V.V. Miasoyedov posted a paper to the arXiv claiming a proof of the Hardy-Littlewood conjecture $\pi(x+y) \le \pi(x)+\pi(y)$. It seems a bit off, and not only because the conjecture is widely believed ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Improvement of a bound on divisor distributions from “Divisors” (Hall and Tenenbaum)?

In the classic text referred to in the title of this question, the bound
$$
H(x,y,2y) \ll \frac{x}{(\log y)^{\delta}\sqrt{\log \log y}},\quad (3\leq y\leq \sqrt{x})
$$
is given, where $\delta=1-\frac{...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### exponential sum of primes

Fix $\alpha \notin \mathbb{Q}$. I would like to know a reference that shows $$\mathbb{E}_{n\leq N} \Lambda(n) e^{2\pi i \alpha n} \to 0,$$ as $N$ tends to infinity.
I am familiar with Vinagradov's ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

261 views

### Colmez conjecture and endomorphism rings

It is given by the Colmez conjecture that if $A$ has a CM-type $(k, \phi)$ and $\text{End}(A) = \mathcal{O_k}$ $$\displaystyle h_{\text{fal}}(A) = \sum_{\text{irr} \hspace{1 mm}\rho: G(k^{\text{nor}}/\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Well-spacing of the roots of a quadratic congruence

On pages 956-957 of this paper, it is established that for any two $v_1, v_2$ satisfying $v_1^2 + 1 \equiv 0\operatorname{(mod} d_1), v_2^2 + 1\equiv 0\operatorname{(mod} d_2)$, $$\left\lVert \frac{...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### On (a generalization of) the Gauss Circle Problem

Most (if not all) references I read about the Gauss Circle Problem that proves a bound below $O(R^{2/3})$ reduces the GCP to the Dirichlet Divisor Problem by the well known expression of $r_2(n)$, the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

542 views

### How do estimates on $N_\chi(\alpha,T)$ lead to the Dirichlet prime number theorem for arithmetic sequences?

Let $ N_\chi(\alpha,T)$ be the number of zeros of $L(s=\sigma+it,\chi) = \sum \frac{\chi(n)}{n^s}$ where $c > 0$ and $(\sigma,t) $ are in the rectangle $ [\alpha,1] \times [-T,T]$.
In various ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

106 views

### Exponential sum estimates similar to the one for $\sum_p (\log p) e(p \alpha)$, but for different sequences

Obtaining a non-trivial estimate for $\sum_p (\log p) e(p \alpha)$ over the minor arcs is one of the estimates required for obtaining the ternary Goldbach for $n$ sufficiently large via the circle ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

263 views

### estimate sum of $\log \log p/p$

It is known that $$\sum_{p\leq x} \frac{\log p}{p}=\log x+c.$$
Are any tight bounds on
$$\sum_{p\leq x} \frac{\log \log p}{p}$$ known?
I haven't managed to find anything in the literature. Trying to ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What's special about the circle problem?

Let $K$ be a number field, and let
$$\zeta_{K}(s):= \sum_{0
\neq I \text{ ideal of }O_K} \frac{1}{N_{K/\mathbb{Q}}(I)^s} = \sum_{n \ge 1} \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$
be the Dedekind zeta function of $K$. The ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Newly defined $L$-function in terms of $L$-function, does it have any obvious zeros or poles?

Let $K$ be a number field, $Cl(K)$ the ideal class group, $\chi: Cl(K) \to \mathbb{C}^\times$ a homomorphism. If $\mathfrak{a} \subset \mathcal{O}_K$ is any ideal, let $[\mathfrak{a}]$ denote its ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

509 views

### What is known about $\sum_{n \leq x} \mu(n) \varphi(n)$?

Let $\mu(n)$ denote the Möbius function and $\varphi(n)$ the Euler-phi function. What is known about $f(x) = \sum_{n \leq x} \mu(n) \varphi(n)$? For example:
Is it known that $f(x)$ grows without ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Sums of twisted products of Kloosterman Sums

For $m,n,c \in \mathbb{N}$, let $S(m,n;c)$ denote the Kloosterman sum
$$
S(m,n;c) := \sum_{\substack{1 \leq a < c \\ \gcd(a,c) = 1}} e \left( \frac{ma + n\overline{a}}{c} \right)
$$
where $e(n) = e^...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Particular case of the class number formula, Dirichlet characters

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character modulo $4$ such that $\chi(-1) = -1$, and let $\chi'$ be a Dirichlet character modulo $5$ such that $\chi'(-1) = 1$, $\chi'(2) = \chi'(3) = -1$. How do I see the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### How to compute this sum over numbers?

When I was doing some task of analytic number theory I was stuck on computing this sum
$$S:=\frac{1}{L} \sum_{q \in \mathcal{Q}} \phi(q) \overline{a}^{\frac{1}{2}},$$
where $\overline{a}$ is the ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### The Bourgain-Demeter-Guth breakthrough and the Riemann zeta function?

Yesterday Bourgain, Demeter and Guth released a preprint proving (up to endpoints) the so-called main conjecture of the Vinogradov's Mean Value Theorem for all degrees. This had previously been only ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Reference to a variant of Abel's summation formula

Edit. A stronger version of the formula is true (details follow).
Let $(a_n)_{n \ge 1}$ be a sequence of complex numbers, $(\lambda_n)_{n \ge 1}$ a nondecreasing sequence of positive reals such that $...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A conjecture based on Wilson's theorem

Definitions:
Lagrange's theorem implies that for each prime $p$, the factors of $(p − 1)!$ can be arranged in unequal pairs, with the exception of $±1$, where the product of each pair $≡ 1 \pmod p$. ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

550 views

### Fourier transform of the critical line of zeta?

This was asked on MSE and got a lot of upvotes but no answers, so I'm posting it here.
Is there a known expression for the (distributional) Fourier transform of the Riemann zeta function, taken along ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Almost primes in short intervals

Define an integer $n$ to be a $k$-almost prime if it has at most $k$ distinct primes factors. A detecting function for the set of such numbers is the generalized von Mangoldt function given by $\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

121 views

### Upper and lower bounds for $|L(1+it,\chi)|$ for complex primitive character $\chi$?

I would guess this is some standard fact related to the zero-free region. But cannot find it in the textbooks I read.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

187 views

### Least simultaneous quadratic non-residue

Suppose $p,q$ are distinct primes with least quadratic non-residues $n_p$ and $n_q$ respectively. Can one bound the least $n$ for which $\left(\frac{n}{p}\right)=\left(\frac{n}{q}\right)=-1$ in terms ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Probability distribution associated with total divisors of an integer

Is there a generalization to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erd%C5%91s%E2%80%93Kac_theorem which gives distribution function for $$\omega(n)=\big|\{d\in\mathsf{prime}:d|n\}\big|$$ where $\mathsf{prime}$...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Linear forms that avoid numbers with lot of factors

Is following true?
For every given $c>0$ there is an $n_c>0$ such that for every $n>n_c$ there are integers $n<a,b<2n$ such that there are two positive integers $\frac{n}{2(\log n)^c}\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Goldbach for certain classes of $n$

Asked on MSE without response here.
$\#$ of ways even $n$ can be represented by prime additions is heareafter denoted $G(n)$.
The Wiki article on the Goldbach conjecture states that
In 1975, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### On the number of divisors in a given range

Given $\alpha\in\Bbb N$, can there be more than $(\log N)^4$ divisors (composites allowed) of $N$ in $\big[\frac\alpha2,\alpha\big]$ when $\sqrt N\in\big[\frac\alpha2,\alpha\big]$?
What is the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### Integrating a series expansion of $\mbox{frac}(x)\lfloor x\rfloor$ coming from Fourier series of sawtooth function

Let me preface this question by saying that I am not exactly sure it counts as research level. It is crossposted on mathstackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1519724/integrating-a-...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Bounds on the number of zeros of a quadratic form

Let $Q(x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a non-degenerate indefinite quadratic form with integer coefficients. Let $N(Q,T)$ be the set of vectors $x=(x_1, \dots, x_n) \in {\mathbb Z}^n$ such that $|x|<T$ and $Q(...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

287 views

### Primes $P_{2n-1}$ that are $2$ mod $3$

Are infinitely many primes $P_{2n-1}$ expressible as $3k-1$?
The primes $P_{2n-1}$ are every other prime beginning with $2$: $2,5,11,17,23,31,\cdots$. The first few are of the form $3k-1$, but $31$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Hecke characters and Conductors

Motivation: Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. There is a conductor-preserving correspondence between primitive Dirichlet characters of order $\ell$
and cyclic, degree $\ell$ number fields $K/\mathbb{Q}$.
...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

290 views

### No Siegel-Landau zeros for $\mathrm{GL}(n)$

The problem of non-existance of Siegel-Landau zeros seems to be uncharacteristically easier for cuspidal automorphic representations $\pi$ on $\mathrm{GL}(n)$ if $n\geq2$. We have in fact:
There ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

201 views

### Is the difference of these two real-rooted functions real-rooted?

During our on-going search of approximations to the Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function, we discovered a family of functions $W_n(z)$ as shown in (1).
Our final goal is to prove that:
Proposition 1: $W_{n}(z)...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### The number of integral solutions to $x^2+y^2-az^2=0$

I think this must be well-known (and probably not hard to prove either), but I cannot find a reference: for a (positive) rational number $a$, the number of integral solutions to the equation
$$ x^2+y^...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Show the upper bound of cardinality of $A$ is $C\sqrt{n\log{n}}$

$\forall l,m,n\in \Bbb{Z_+}$, let $A:=\{k: m+1\leq k\leq m+n\text{ and }l-k^2\text{ is a square number}\}$.
Please prove that the number of elements in $A$ is not more than $C\sqrt{n\log n}$, where $...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Estimates related to sum over a primes from a fixed, possibly sparse set

Let $E$ be a fixed infinite sequence of primes such that $\sum_{p \in E} \frac{1}{p} = \infty$. Assume that $\sigma > 1$ depends on some parameter $x \rightarrow \infty$ in such a way that $\sigma ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### How to prove twin prime conjecture or Goldbach conjecture if we assume prime distribution is completely random? [closed]

If we assume that prime number distribution is COMPLETELY random (subject to 1/log(x) restriction), can we prove twin prime conjecture or Goldbach conjecture ?
My feeling is that, this will be ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### The probability distribution of LCM of uniformly distributed integers in $\{1,\ldots,n\}$

In the recent paper by Fernandez and Fernandez here on ArXiv, the following formula which was first proved by Diaconis and Erdos appears, on page 2.
For $0<t\leq 1$ the distribution of the lcm of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

156 views

### What is the asymptotic growth rate of the product of divisor function up to n [duplicate]

This was asked in mathstackexchange (see here) but was not satisfactorily answered beyond my basic observations.
Let $\tau(k)$ be the number of divisors of the positive integer $k$.
How does $f(n)=\...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

130 views

### How large can a subset of $\{1,\ldots,N\}$ be if all pairwise LCMs of its elements are lower bounded?

Consider the set $\{1,2,\ldots,N\}$. Let $LCM(a,a')$ denote the lowest common multiple of the integers $a,a'.$
We say that $A\subset \{1,2,\ldots,N\}$ is $M-$good if $LCM(a,a')\geq M,$ for all $a\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Estimates of a sum involving both the Möbius function and Mertens function

I want to ask on the estimates of the sum
$$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \mu(n)M\Big(\frac{x}{n}\Big)=\frac{1}{2\pi i }\int_{\gamma-i\infty}^{\gamma+i\infty}\frac{x^s}{s\zeta(s)^2}ds.$$
It seems that the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Primes in arithmetic progression with a moduli equal to a power of 2

I am currently looking for a result stronger than Siegel-Walfisz theorem, which gives an upper bound on the error term $|\pi(x,a,b)-\frac{\pi(x)}{\phi(a)}|$ for particular $a$.
The Siegel Walfisz is ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Two Vinogradovs? Is one the son of the other? [closed]

Forgive me for my ignorance, but I'm very surprised to learn that there are two Vinogradovs, both famous in the field of analytic number theory. Guessing from their names and the Russian naming ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Upper bound for the first Hardy-Littlewood conjecture

About the Hardy-Littlewood conjecture by Terence Tao:
Conjecture 2 (Prime tuples conjecture, quantitative form) Let ${k_0 \geq 1}$ be a fixed natural number, and let ${{\mathcal H}}$ be a fixed ...