**9**

votes

**1**answer

498 views

### Do relaxed Liouville functions violate Chowla's conjecture?

Let $\lambda$ be the Liouville function. One version of Chowla's conjecture says that for each set of distinct natural numbers $h_1 , \dots , h_k$,
$$\sum_{n\leq x} \lambda(n+h_1) \dots ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### What is the analytic conductor of this Hecke L-function?

Following Iwaniek and Kowalski, S5.10, page 130 we consider an angle character $\xi_k$ on the Gaussian integers $\mathbb Z[i]$ defined by
$ \xi_k(\mathfrak a) = \left(\frac{\alpha}{|\alpha|}\right)^k ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Representation numbers of numerical semigroups

I've been playing around with numerical semigroups lately. I'm pretty new to this stuff, so I apologize in advance if my notation is non-standard. Fix positive integers $x_1,\dots,x_r$ with ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

560 views

### Iwaniec-Kowalski Exponential Sum for Quadratic Function

I am reading about 'Exponential Sums' in the book 'Analytic Number Theory' by Iwaniec and Kowalski. On page 199 they mention the bound:
$$|S_f(N)|^2 \le N +2N^2q^{-1}+4(N+q)\log q \tag{1}$$
where, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Product of $\tau(k)$

How do we show that
$$\prod\limits_{k=1}^{n} \tau(k) = 2^{n (\log \log n + C) +
\phi(n)},$$
where $\tau(k)$ is the number of divisors of $k$, the constant $C$ is given by
$$C = \gamma + \sum_{\nu ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Liouville's function and Legendre Symbols

Suppose $p$ is a prime and let $\left(\frac{a}{p}\right)$ denote the Legendre symbol modulo $p$. If $a$ is not a perfect square, then one expects some cancellation in ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Rankin-Selberg for Maass form GL(3)xGL(2)

Let $F$ be a Maass cusp form for $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{Z})$ (level 1 trivial character).
Let $g$ be a Maass cusp form for $\Gamma_0(N)$ with character $\chi$ mod $N$. For convenience, you may assume ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

474 views

### On the number of consecutive divisors of an integer

Define for $n \in \mathbb{N}$ the function $$\tau_1(n):=\sum_{\substack{d|n, \\ d+1|n}}1,$$ i.e. the number of consecutive divisors of an integer. The average of $\tau_1(n)$ is $1$ since $$\sum_{n\leq ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### mean value estimate $ \frac{1}{T} \int_0^T | \zeta( \tfrac{1}{2} + it)|^2 \, dt = \log \frac{T}{2\pi } + (2\gamma - 1) + O(T^{\delta})$

I was browsing through the recent paper of Bourgain and Watt on mean value estimates of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line.
$$ \frac{1}{T} \int_0^T | \zeta( \tfrac{1}{2} + it)|^2 \, dt = ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### Related to derivative of Modified Bessel I function wrt the order

I recently met some problems related to the modified Bessel I funtions. Let $I(\nu,x):=I_\nu(x)$, and $I'_\nu(\nu,x):=\dfrac{\partial}{\partial \nu}I(\nu,x)$.
Using maple, it seems that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### On the number of 3-Selmer elements of rational elliptic curves

I am trying to understand a step in the proof of Theorem 39 in the recent work of Bhargava and Shankar, "Ternary Cubic Forms having bounded invariants, and the existence of a positive proportion of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Subconvexity bound for Hecke $L$-functions in the $s$-aspect

Let $L(s,\chi)$ be the $L$-function of a non-trivial Hecke character of a general number field $K$, so that $L(s,\chi)$ which has no pole or zero at $s=1$.
I am looking for a reference for upper ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

424 views

### Multiplicity one theorem

I am reading Dorian Goldfeld's book Automorphic forms and L functions for the groups GL(n,R) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Extracting information from $\sum_{n \leq X} a(n) (X-n)^d$

Allow me to give context to the question, which appears in the box at the bottom.
A very general hope from the theory of Dirichlet series is to try to extract information about the coefficients of a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Siegel-Walfisz for the Möbius function

I am working through the proof of the Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem in Analytic Number Theory (Iwaniec, Kowalski). My problem is that on page 424, it is said that $\mu(m)$ satisfies $D_f(x;q,a)\ll ...

**1**

vote

**4**answers

617 views

### Distribution of composite numbers

I have moved this question to math.stackexchange.com. People who are interested in this question can discuss at :http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1272431/distribution-of-composite-numbers
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Big Omega result about number of totally positive integers with fixed trace

There is much literature on the study of $N_a$, the number of totally positive integers with fixed trace $a$ in a totally real field.
That number has a natural geometric approximation $G_a$, and we ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### On covering by smooth numbers

Denote $P(n)=\mathsf{greatest}\mbox{ }\mathsf{prime}\mbox{ }\mathsf{factor}\mbox{ }\mathsf{of}\mbox{ }n$.
Denote $S(x,y)=\{n<x: P(n)<y\}$.
Denote $S_t(x,y)=\sum_{i=1}^tS(x,y)$ as $t$-fold ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

168 views

### Eisenstein series of weight $2$ for $\Gamma_0(N)$ : where am I wrong?

Let $A_{N,2}$ be the set of triples $(\psi,\varphi,t)$ such that $\psi$ and $\varphi$ are primitive Dirichlet characters modulo $u$ and $v$ with $(\psi\varphi)(-1)=1$, and $t$ is an integer such ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

238 views

### Analogues of the Monster for central charges different from 24

One way to define the Monster group is to consider a conformal field theory (CFT) corresponding to central charge $c=24$ and look at the automorphism group of its vertex operator algebra. For one of ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

243 views

### Uniform upper bound for the sum over primes $\sum_{p \leq x} p^{-1+\varepsilon}$

I am reading the article D. M. Gordon and C. Pomerance, The distribution of Lucas and elliptic pseudoprime, Math. Comp. (1991) (click).
In equation (27) the authors, apparently, used the following ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### Asymptotic limit of truncated Legendre sieve

Consider the truncated sum
$$
S(x):=\sum_{\substack{{d\mid P(\sqrt{x})}\\{d\leq x}}}\mu(d)/d,
$$
where $P(z)$ is the product of all primes less than or equal to $z$, and $\mu(d)$ is the Möbius ...

**48**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### When has the Borel-Cantelli heuristic been wrong?

The Borel-Cantelli lemma is very frequently used to give a heuristic for whether or not certain statements in number theory are true.
For example, it gives some evidence that there are finitely many ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### A variant of Goldbach Conjecture

I'm asking if this variant of weak Goldbach's Conjecture is already known.
Let $N$ be an odd number. Does there exists prime numbers $p_1$, $p_2$ and $p_3$ such that $p_1+p_2-p_3=N$? Ideally, can we ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Bounding a Sum of Adjoint L-Function Values

Fix integers $k\geq2$ and $N>1$, and let $S(k,N)$ denote the normalized new Hecke eigenforms in $S_k(\Gamma_1(N))$. [If it makes my question easier to answer, feel free to replace this with ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

124 views

### estimate an sum

I need estimate the following sum:
$\sum_{d=1}^{n}\frac{\mu(d)}{d}\sum_{k=1}^{\lfloor n/d\rfloor}\frac{1}{k}\frac{q^k}{1-q^{-kd}}$, where $q>1$ and $\mu$ is the Möbius function.
To obtain the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

373 views

### Small quotients of smooth numbers

Assume that $N=2^k$, and let $\{n_1, \dots, n_N\}$ denote the set of square-free positive integers which are generated by the first $k$ primes, sorted in increasing order. Question: what is a good ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Upper bound for a ratio of modified Bessel functions

I am looking for an upper bound for the ratio of Bessel I functions $\dfrac{|I_\nu'(z)|}{|I_\nu(z)|}$ where $\nu$ is complex, and $z$ is a positive real number. Do you know any results about it? Thank ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Constants for Rosser's Sieve

I am trying to apply Iwaniec's formulation of Rosser's sieve (here) to obtain nontrivial lower bounds for almost-primes in various sequences. These sequences have sieve dimension 1 (if $g(p)$ is the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### A Generalized Wiener-Ikehara Theorem with multiple poles on the line

One version of the Wiener-Ikehara Theorem says that if
$$
f(s) = \sum \frac{a(n)}{n^s}
$$
is a Dirichlet series with nonnegative coefficients that converges absolutely for $\text{Re}(s) > 1$ and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### The number of $k$-free integers not exceeding $x$

We say that an integer $n\in\mathbb{N}$ is $k$-free if for each prime $p\mid n$, one has $p^k \nmid n$. Let $\mu_k(n)$ be the characteristic function of $k$-free numbers, where $k\ge 2$. Let ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Tauberian theorem with better error term

This is a fairly vague question.
Suppose we have a sequence of positive numbers $(c_n)_n$ and we want to find an asymptotic formula for $S(x) = \sum_{n \leq X} c_n$. In favorable circumstances, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Equivalence of Euler products of Dirichlet series and Meromorphic continuation

Suppose $(f_n(s))_n$ and $(g_n(s))_n$ are two sequences of Dirichlet series with positive coefficients such that $\exists \alpha\in\mathbb R$ such that for all $s\in\mathbb C$ with $\Re(s)>\alpha$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Complete L-function and FE of Rankin-Selberg on GL(2)?

Let $f$ be a Maass cusp form of $\Gamma_0(N)$ on the upper half plane with character $\chi$ mod $N$ and eigenvalue $1/4+\mu^2$.
What is the complete $L$-function of the Rankin-Selberg product ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Asymptotic formula for $\prod_{p\leq x} (1-p^{-1})$ [closed]

Does there exists a good asymptotic formula for
$$A(x) := \prod_{p\leq x}(1-\frac 1p).$$
By using a heuristic argument one can guess:
$$A(x) \sim \frac{1}{2\,\mathrm{ln}(x)}.$$
Here is the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

398 views

### Averages over integer points of the sphere

A paper of William Duke proves that integer points on the sphere are equidistributed:
$$ V_n = \{ (x,y,z) \in \mathbb{Z}^2 : x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = n \}. $$
Up to reflections across the $x$, $y$ and $z$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

335 views

### Zeta functions versus Cramer's conjecture

A mathematics professor today asked me if Cramer's conjecture on prime gaps has anything to do with Riemann Zeta function. I did not know but my guess was somehow Cramer's conjecture captures local ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

446 views

### Regularized sums of Mobius sequence

Do $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n/s}$ and $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n^2/s^2}$ both equal $-2$?
Experimentally this seems plausible (up through ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Symmetry type of non-cohomological automorphic forms

By Katz-Sarnak philosophy a family of $L$-functions would have a symmetry type which would reflect the statistics of $L$-functions, such as low lying zeros and moments. Shin-Templier's paper on ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

133 views

### Averages of $L(s,\chi)$

Let $(\frac{m}{n})$ denote the usual quadratic Jacobi symbol.
What is the
abscissa of convergence
of the double Dirichlet series ?
$$
\sum_{\substack{m,n \in \mathbb{N} \\ \gcd(m,n)=1 \\m,n\equiv 1 ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

150 views

### Coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$

I want to prove that $\forall n \in \mathbb{N}$ at least one of the Fourier coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$ is striclty greater than ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Best constant for Maier's theorem?

Maier proved that, for fixed $\lambda>1,$
$$
\limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda x)-\pi(x)}{\log^{\lambda-1}x}>1
$$
and in particular
$$
\limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### Euler product approximation for semiprimes

It seems that
\begin{align}
&\prod_{\Omega(n)=2}^{}\dfrac{1}{1 - n^{-s}}\approx\zeta (s)\exp \left(P(s)^2/2-P(s)\right)\\
\end{align}
where $P(s)$ is the prime zeta function, $\Omega(n)$ is the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ :
$$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) =
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Distribution of Fourier coefficients of Maass forms

In the sense of Maass an automorphic function $\phi$ with Laplace-Beltrami eigenvalue $\frac{(d-1)^2}{4}+t^2$ on $d$-dimensional hyperbolic space which can be thought as ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

730 views

### Primes and Parity

This problem is motivated by the polymath4 project. There, the aim was to find an efficient deterministic algorithm for finding a prime larger than $N$. The hope was to find a polynomial algorithm in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

326 views

### Is there a hidden symmetry in the prime numbers distribution?

Under Goldbach's conjecture, let's consider once again the map $r_0\colon n\mapsto r_{0}(n)$ such that $r_{0}(n)$ is the smallest non negative integer $r$ such that both $n-r$ and $n+r$ are prime.
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

256 views

### Vanishing of certain periodic series: A question related to $L(1 , \chi) \neq 0$.

Fix $q$ to be a positive integer. Let $$f : \mathbb{N} \to \{-1 ,0, 1\}$$ be a $q$-periodic arithmetic function such that $$\sum_{n = 1}^q f(n) = 0.$$ If $f$ is not identically zero, is it true that ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

606 views

### Has this formula about prime gaps already been conjectured and/or proven?

While playing around with prime gaps, I found out that the following formula seems to be a rather good approximation of the ratio $\dfrac{p_{b}-p_{a}}{b-a}$ where $a<b$ are positive integers:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Prime Number Theorem on APs under various conjectures

I'm trying to find the best asymptotic expansions for $\pi(x; a, q)$ in various states:
Unconditionally we have
\begin{equation}
\pi(x; a, q) = \frac{\operatorname{li(x)}}{\phi(q)} + O\left(x ...