**1**

vote

**2**answers

261 views

### Exponential Sum Bound

In
http://131.220.77.52/files/preprints/diophantine/bruedern/wpminicubefinal.pdf, Bruedern and Wooley mention the following fact on the bottom of page 6:
Let
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

227 views

### Asymptotics on prime divisors

Somewhat inspired from the Zsigmondy's theorem is my question. Suppose Let $a_{1}> a_{2}> \cdots > a_{k}$ be nonzero integers, with $k \geq 2$. Let $a(n) : = a_{1}^{n}+\cdots+a_{k}^{n}$ for ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Estimates on derivatives of Bessel function

In Duke, Friedlander and Iwaniec's Erratum on "Bounds for automorphic Lâ€“functions. II"
They have the following estimates for derivatives of Bessel functions: For $k \geq 2$
\begin{align}
& ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### Proof that $G(3)\le 7$ [migrated]

Let $G(k)$ be the minimal $n$ s.t. every sufficiently large integer is the sum of $n$ nonnegative $k$th powers.
Does anybody know where I can find Vaughan's proof that $G(3)\le 7$? I can't find a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Lower bound on the irrationality measure of $\pi$

There seems to be a lot of work on the upper bound for the irrationality measure of $\pi$, but I could not find anything on a lower bound except the general $\mu(\pi)\geq2$. Looks like it is the best ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### Is it possible to find explicit formula for the product $\prod_{d|n,\ d>1} (1-\mu(d)/\varphi(d))^{\varphi(d)}$?

I am trying to calculate the following product
$$
\prod_{d|n}_{d>1} \left( 1-\frac{\mu(d)}{\varphi(d)} \right)^{\varphi(d)}
$$
where the functions $\varphi$ and $\mu$ are Euler's totient and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Characterizing the newforms s.t. the associated symmetric square $L$-function has a pole

I have a straightforward question. Let $f$ be a holomorphic cusp form of weight $k$, level $N$, and nebentypus $\chi$ that is new in the sense of Atkin-Lehner theory. Write its Fourier expansion at ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Lower bounds on the error term of the prime number theorem

Are there any lower bounds on the error term for the prime number theorem, or in other words, is there a nontrivial $f$ s.t.
$$f(x)\ll |\psi(x) - x|$$
where $\psi$ is the Chebyshev function.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Smallest prime in an arithmetic progression

Let $\{a_n\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ be defined as $a_n = a + bn$ for some $a, b >0,(a, b) = 1$. Are there good bounds on the minimal $k$ s.t. $a_k$ is prime. It is well known that there are infinitely ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### lower and upper bound for $\sum_{k=1}^n \frac{(-1)^{\Omega(k)}}k$?

Are there known any lower and upper bounds for
$$
\sum_{k=1}^n \frac{(-1)^{\Omega(k)}}k,
$$
where $\Omega(n)$ is the number of prime factors counting multiplicities of $n$?
Or at least is it known ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### Divisor sums over values of binary forms of primes

Let $\tau$ be the divisor function, that is
$$
\tau(n)=\sharp\{d \in \mathbb{N}, d|n\}.
$$
I was wondering if anyone has ever proved an asymptotic estimate
for the sum
$$S(x):=\sum_{p,q\leq ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

634 views

### Szemeredi's theorem in the Gaussian integers

Suppose that $S\subseteq\mathbb{Z}[i]$ has the following properties:
For convenience, let $A_n = \{z : z\in\mathbb{Z}[i], \text{Nm}(z)\le n\}$
$$\limsup_{n\rightarrow\infty} \frac{|S\cap ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

168 views

### Expression for the derivative of Eisenstein series $G_2$

I am new to number theory, so I am guessing this is a standard formula. I would be grateful for a reference:
We know that the Eisenstein series $G_2$ is quasimodular of level $SL_2(\mathbb Z)$, so ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Squarefree numbers $n$ such that $432n+1$ is also squarefree

This is a second attempt (see Primes $p$ such that $432 p +1$ is prime)
Is the set of squarefree numbers $n$ such that $n(432 n+1)$ is also squarefree known to be infinite?
Fact: the number of such ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### Primes $p$ such that $432 p +1$ is prime [closed]

Is the set of prime numbers $p$ such that $432 p + 1$ is also prime infinite?
It doesn't follow from Dirichlet's theorem as far as I can tell.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

571 views

### The shortest interval for which the prime number theorem holds [closed]

It is well known that the prime number theorem on the form
\begin{align*}
\pi(x+y) - \pi(x) \sim \frac{y}{\log (x+y)}
\end{align*}
breaks down for short enough intervals, e.g. taking $y=(\log ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

643 views

### Probability that a positive integer is the euler phi function of another positive integer

Define $f(n) = |\{m : m\le n, \exists k \text{ s.t. }\phi(k) = m\}|$.
Clearly, $f(n)\le \left\lfloor \frac{n}{2}\right\rfloor + 1$ since $\phi(n)$ is even for all $n > 2$.
Is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

112 views

### Asymptotics and error terms for an arithmetic function built upon $\omega$ and $\Omega$ functions

For any real number $x$, let's define $Om_{k}(x)$ as the number of positive integers $m$ below $x$ such that $\Omega(m)-\omega(m)=k$, where $\omega(n)$ is the number of distinct primes dividing $n$, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

403 views

### Incomplete Kloosterman sum

I am interested in an upper bound on the following incomplete Kloosterman sum
$$ \sum_{\substack{x=1 \\ x+_{_{\bf Z}}x^{-1}>p}}^{p-1}e\left(\frac{x+x^{-1}}{p}\right).$$
Using the Weil's bound it ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Kloosterman-like sum with inverse to different moduli

In some recent work, the following strange-looking exponential sum arose:
$$
\sum_k \sum_r \sum_s e\bigg( \frac{r \bar s^{(r)} \bar k^{(r^2+s^2)}}{r^2+s^2} \bigg).
$$
Here $e(x) = e^{2\pi i x}$ as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Arguments for the second Hardyâ€“Littlewood conjecture being false?

Assume that $x,y > 2$, and that $x<y$. Then the second Hardyâ€“Littlewood conjecture states that
$$\pi(x + y) - \pi(y) \leq \pi(x).$$
We can easily justify this heuristically, since
$$
...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

650 views

### The conjecture of Montgomery and Soundararajan on primes in short intervals: Empirical inconsistencies?

Assume that $y/ \log x \rightarrow \infty$ and that $y/x \rightarrow 0$. Then, from a conjecture by Montgomery and Soundararajan, we expect the number of primes in the interval $[x,x+y]$ to be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

267 views

### Arithmetic progression and average of two prime numbers

Let $A=(a_n : n \in \mathbb{N})$ be the sequence given by:
$$
\ a_n = a_1 + (n - 1)d,\quad a_1,\ d,\ n \in \mathbb N,\quad d\gt a_1,\quad \gcd(a_1,\ d)=1.
$$
For all terms of $A$ greater than $\ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Proof of the Friedlanderâ€“Iwaniec theorem

Does anybody know where I could find the proof of the Friedlanderâ€“Iwaniec theorem. The link that I find when I search for it is http://www.pnas.org/content/94/4/1054.full.pdf+html, but this seems more ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### Which L-functions are not “Langlands-Shahidi L-functions”?

The Langlands-Shahidi method, among other things, obtains certain L-functions from the constant term of Eisenstein series attached to so-called $(G,M)$ pairs, where $G$ is a reductive group, $M$ a ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

468 views

### Bound on gcd of two integers

Well this is a problem I was fiddling with. I came up with it but it probably is not original.
Suppose $a\in \mathbb{N}$ is not a perfect square. Then show that :
...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Covering a set with geometric progressions

Consider the set $S_n=\{1,2,\cdots ,n\}$. What is the minimum number of distinct geometric progressions that cover $S_n$? Let us call this number $a_n$. I was wondering about this number after doing a ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Symmetric Fifth Power Lift of GL(2) Automorphic Form

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic representation of $GL(2)/\mathbb{Q}$. For simplicity, you can take it to be a Maass form for $SL(2,\mathbb Z)$. Kim, Shahidi, Gelbart-Jacquet prove that
$$L(s, \pi, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

114 views

### Order of individual Fourier coefficient of a Maass form

Let $D$ be a definite quaternion division algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $\mathcal{O}$ be an Eichler order of $D$. Let $F$ be a Maass form in $L^2(PGL_2(\mathcal{O})\backslash ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### looking for reference on dihedral, tetrahedral, or octahedral forms

I am looking for a reference on dihedral, tetrahedral, or octahedral forms. As far as I read, they are some cuspidal automorphic forms on $GL(2)$ induced from $GL(1)$. Dihedral is from $GL(1)/K$ to ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Log weight removal in general (weaker) prime number theorem

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of non-negative numbers.
Assume that $$\limsup _{X\to \infty}\frac{\sum_{p\leq X} a_p\log p}{X}\leq 1.$$
Can we prove that $$\limsup _{X\to \infty}\frac{\sum_{p\leq X} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### A question on the big-O value of the complex integral especially in the number theory

My question is quite simple and elementary.
Let $A(x)=\sum_{1}^{x}a(n)$ and $\alpha(s)=\sum_{1}^{\infty}a(n)n^{-s}$. Then, as we know,
$$ A(x)= ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Is the adjoint L-function on GL(m) holomorphic?

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic representation on GL($m$)/$\mathbb{Q}$.
Define $$L(s,\pi,Ad):=\frac{L(s,\pi\times\overline{\pi})}{\zeta(s)}.$$ This is an L-function with euler products of degree $m^2-1$.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### absolute convergence of Rankin-Selberg series

Let $\pi$ and $\pi'$ be two general automorphic representation on $GL(n)$ and $GL(n')$ over $\mathbb{Q}$.
I heard that the rankin-selberg convolution L-function $L(s,\pi\times\pi')$ is absolutely ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Eisenstein series over a definite division algebra

Let $D$ be the definite quaternion division algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$. $\mathcal{O}$ is a maximal order inside $D$, let's fix $\mathcal{O}$ to be the Hurwitz quaternion. Let ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### standard zero free region of automorphic L-function on GL(N)

Let $L(s,\pi)$ be the standard(Godement-Jacquet) $L$-function of $\pi$, where $\pi$ is a cuspidal automorphic represetation of $GL(m,A_Q)$.
What's the standard zero-free region for $L(s,\pi)$? any ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### $LCM(q-1,\cdots,q^n-1)=q^{\frac{3}{\pi^2} n^2+o(n)}$

I am looking for a proof of the equality in the title (where $q\in\mathbb N$, ($q\ge2$)).
Does anyone know such a proof?
Thanks in advance

**4**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Uniformity of the distribution of the prime numbers on the prime residue classes (mod $m$)

Given positive integers $m$, $r$ and $n$, let $\pi(m,r,n)$ denote the number
of prime numbers $p \leq n$ in the residue class $r$ (mod $m$).
Further let $1 = r_1 < r_2 < \dots < ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Functional equation and conductor for a Rankin-Selberg convolution

Let $f$ be a Modular form/Maass form on $GL(2)$ with level $N$ and character $\eta$ and Fourier coefficients $a(n)$.
The Rankin-Selberg convolution
$$L(s,f\times\bar f)=\sum ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Relation between Maier's theorem and a conjecture of Montgomery and Soundararajan

Let us consider the number of primes in the interval $[N,N+h]$, with $h\leq N$. According to the answer given by Lucia to a previous question on the distribution of primes, it is natural to consider ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

101 views

### Prime counting function with a form of finite product using perron's formula

There's a form of complex integral what Riemann obtained to finding $\pi (x)$,
$$ \pi^{*}(x)=\int_{L}\frac{\log \zeta (s)}{s}x^{s}ds, (1)$$
we already know that it lead us to the Prime Number ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

571 views

### What is the critical idea behind Hardy-Littlewood circle method?

I want to know what the critical idea behind Hardy-Littlewood circle method is. It seems that they divide the circle into major arcs and minor arcs to ignore the singularities of generating function ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Non existence (or existence) of a set that is equidistributed modulo $q$ for every $q$

I have been thinking about some set that is equidistributed modulo $q$,
uniformly in $q$ in some sense. I was starting to think this particular condition, which I describe below, is too strong and ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

745 views

### Interactions between (set theory, model theory) and (algebraic geometry, algebraic number theory ,…)

Set theory and model theory have many applications outside of logic, in particular in algebra, topology, analysis, ...
On the other hand model theory, in particular after Hrushovski, found many ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### Major arcs in the proof that every odd number is the sum of at most 5 primes

In his proof that all odd numbers greater than 1 are the sum of at most 5 primes, Terence Tao uses one large major arc around 0 rather than small ones around the rationals, which I am more accustomed ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Wiener-Ikehara tauberian theorem and order of pole at s=1

In the introduction to Akshay Venkatesh's thesis "Limiting Forms of the Trace Formula" we have the following statement :
"For, in summing over primes, the limit
...

**25**

votes

**1**answer

711 views

### Is it possible to show that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{\sqrt{n}}$ diverges?

Let $\mu(n)$ denote the Mobius function with the well-known Dirichlet series representation
$$
\frac{1}{\zeta(s)} = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{n^{s}}.
$$
Basic theorems about Dirichlet series ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### An introduction to sieve method and their application, Cojocaru & Murty

On page 188.
Lemma 10.2.3 is $\sum_{\substack{\delta \leq x \\ 2 \nmid \delta}}\frac{\mu^{2}(\delta)}{\phi_{1}(\delta)} = A_{1}log(x) +A_{2} + O(\frac{1}{x^{1/4}})$ for positive $A_{1}$, $A_{2}$.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Why believe the Elliott-Halberstam conjecture?

I have seen justifications for various conjectures in analytic number theory, e.g. the (generalized) Riemann hypothesis, the Chowla conjectures, etc. justified by a heuristics in which the relevant ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Using the circle method to prove that there are no solutions to diophantine equaltions

Would it be possible to use the circle method to prove that there are no solutions to certain diophantine equations. For example, could one use the circle method to prove the fact that there are no ...