**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Determining coefficients of a Dirichlet series based on values on a vertical line

Let us suppose we have a Dirichlet series
$$ D(s) = \sum_{n \geq 1} \frac{a(n)}{n^s},$$
and that we know the values of $D(\tfrac{1}{2} + im)$ for $m \in \mathbb{Z}$. Can we recover the coefficients ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Did Erdős prove there are two primes $4a+1, 4b+3$ between between $n$ and $2n$?

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ChoquetTheory.html
Is the claim in the link true? Here's the reference given there:
https://www.renyi.hu/~p_erdos/1934-01.pdf
Erdős proved that there exist at least ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

414 views

### Quantitative and elementary proofs of the Prime Number Theorem

I would like to know two things: one, whether the best quantative bounds in the Prime Number Theorem are still basically those given by the Vinogradov-Korobov zero-free region? and two, whether there ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Average of Short Character Sum over All Dirichlet Characters Mod n

Cross-posted from M.SE.
Given $a,n$ coprime positive integers, let $L = \{(x,y)\in \mathbb{Z}^2, ax=y(n)\}$ be the lattice of all points satisfying $ax=y\pmod{n}$.
I want to find an ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Moments of completed L-functions?

This is a follow up question to this one.
It seems that results on moments of L-functions, that is, estimates for integrals of the form
$$\int^{T}_1|\zeta(\sigma+it)|^{2k}dt$$
are typically for the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Enumerating factors in intervals

Given $1<a<N-N^{1/\alpha}$ where $\alpha\geq2$, denote the number of distinct factors of $N$ in $[a,a+N^{1/\alpha}]$ as $\sigma_{0,a}(N,\alpha)$ denote ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

436 views

### Green-Tao theorem for 1-central numbers

This question came to my mind this afternoon while trying to figure out a possible way to tackle de Polignac's conjecture, which states that every even positive integer can be written as the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Primes which have common difference

Given $m,n\in\Bbb N$, assume $2<p_1<\dots<p_n<m$ with each $p_i$ a prime. If $p_i$ are picked randomly, what is average and worst case $d\in2\Bbb N$ such that each of $$p_i+d$$ is a prime ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### Primitive triples in a region [duplicate]

Are there at least $cn$ Pythagorean triples and at least $dn$ Primitive Pythagorean triples $(A,B,C)$ with $$2^{\frac n2}<A<2^{\frac n2+1}<2^n<B<C<2^{n+1}$$
with some fixed ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Shifted convolution problem for Coefficients of automorphic forms

The shifted convolution problem for coefficients of modular forms is well studied and many estimates were established for the shifted convolution sums of Hecke eigenvalues. So, one may ask about the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Behaviour of $\zeta(1-it)/\zeta(1+it)$?

I am trying to understand the behaviour of
$$\int^\infty_{-\infty}\frac{\xi(1-it)}{\xi(1+it)}h(t)\frac{dt}{t}$$
where $h$ is a Schwartz function on $\mathbb R$, and $\xi(s)$ the completed Riemann zeta ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Logarithmic weights on number theoretic sums

Suppose we are interested in the sum
$\sum _{n\leq x}a_n.$
The study of the sum
$\sum _{n\leq x}a_n\log (x/n)$
may be easier.
What can one say about the first sum from knowing the behaviour of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Greatest number of coprime numbers between two numbers

We know that from prime number theorem that the number of primes below $n$ is approximately $$\frac{n}{\log_en}.$$
$\star$ Given $n,m$, what is the largest list of pairwise coprime numbers that one ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Connection between Bernoulli numbers and Riemann-Siegel theta function?

I have come across a strange approximation for the Riemann-Siegel theta function involving the Bernoulli numbers - namely that
$$\frac{1}{2} \log \left| B_{2 n}\right|\approx \vartheta (2n)\ ,\quad n ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Lattice points on the boundary of an ellipse

How many points of the integer lattice ${\mathbb Z}^2$ can an axis-parallel ellipse of radius $r$ contain on its boundary? (that is, we consider ${\mathbb Z}^2$ as lying in ${\mathbb R}^2$). ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### More general better error bounds for partial sums of reciprocals of primes

In this question Gerhard Paseman asks for explicit estimates on $E(k)$ in
$$\sum_{ p \text{ prime,} p \leq k } 1/p - \log{\log{k}} = B + E(k).$$
There are some nice answers, but my question is on ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

399 views

### An elementary lower bound on the number of primes

Recall the second Chebyshev function: $$\psi(x) = \sum_{p \leq x} \lfloor \log_p x \rfloor \log p$$ where $x$ is a positive integer, and $p$ runs over all primes $\leq x$.
In a hunt for an ...

**33**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is this integral representation of $\zeta(2n+1)$ known?

Background: I'm an undergraduate at an institution with no researchers in analytic number theory, and no ties to the analytic number theory community. I believe I have found what is, as far as I can ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### What is the mean value of a pair of Ramanujan Sums when summed over squares?

Does anyone know of the mean value of two Ramanujan Sums when summed over the square of integers?
In my research on the Landau problem regarding nearly square primes, I have run into the mean value ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### Smoothed exponential sums: bounds and sources?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{C}$ be differentiable $k$ times, with $f, f',\dotsc,f^{(k)}\in L^1$. Let $\alpha\in \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$, $\alpha\ne 0$. In "Every odd number..." (Math. Comp. 83, 2014), ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

302 views

### Proof that $p_{n+1}-p_n\gg\frac{\log \log \log p_n}{\log \log \log \log p_n} \log {p_n}$ [closed]

I cannot find a proof of this theorem. May anyone assist?
$p_{n+1}-p_n\gg\frac{\log \log \log p_n}{\log \log \log \log p_n} \log{p_n}$

**8**

votes

**2**answers

780 views

### Update for 2015: least prime of form nq+1, with q prime?

I have received a complaint about my 2011 answer
least prime in a arithmetic progression
which, indeed, gives conflicting reports about this:
given a prime $q,$ what can we say about an upper ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

424 views

### What is wrong with this deterministic algorithm efficiently generating large primes?

According to PolyMath
(Strong) conjecture. There exists deterministic algorithm which, when given an integer k, is guaranteed to find a prime of at least k digits in length of time polynomial in ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

548 views

### Many representations as a sum of three squares

Let $r_3(n) = \left|\{(a,b,c)\in {\mathbb Z}^3 :\, a^2+b^2+c^2=n \}\right|$. I am looking for the maximum asymptotic size of $r_3(n)$. That is, the maximum number of representations that a number can ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Primes in simultaneous arithmetic progressions

Suppose we're given four positive integers $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$ such that $a$ and $b$ are coprime, and $c$ and $d$ are coprime. Is there a non-negative integer $k$ such that both $ak+b$ and $ck+d$ are ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Well-distribution of square of an interval $[1,p^{1-\varepsilon}]$ modulo a prime $p$

Let $p$ be a large prime. I would like to say that the multi-set $[1,p^{1-\varepsilon}]^2 = \{ab \mod p: a, b \in [1,p^{1-\varepsilon}]\}$ is close to uniformly distributed, i.e. that every nonzero ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Primes with prescribed digits in two bases

A result of Harman and Katai tells us that if $n$ is large, and $A$ is a subset of $\{1,\ldots, n\}$ is of size $|A|=r<c \sqrt{n}/\log n$, then the number of primes up to $N=2^n$ with the $j$-th ...

**14**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### primorial puzzlement

Let $x_n$ be the smallest positive integer which is not a quadratic residue modulo any of the first $n$ odd primes. The question is: is there any bound on how quickly $x_n$ grows as a function of $n?$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

495 views

### On bounds for idoneal integer

What is the best known lower bound and upper bound known for such a number if it exists and have there been any attempts (computational including) to eliminate the existence of such a number in known ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Functions on [0,1] with positive fractional series coefficients and symmetric under x->1-x

Suppose a function $g(x)$ has a convergent power series expansion with real (not necessarily integer or rational) exponents on $[0,1]$ of the form
$$
g(x)=\frac{1}{x^\delta}(1+\sum_{i=1}^\infty c_i ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

179 views

### Finiteness of number of consecutive primes with gap $4$

Assuming Riemann Hypothesis Hardy showed primes $3\bmod 4$ are more common than primes $1\bmod 4$ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riemann_hypothesis#Consequences_of_the_generalized_Riemann_hypothesis.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Dynamics of the distribution of prime factorization types in increasing intervals

I've tagged this as reference request as surely this question must be very well investigated, I just don't know how to look for it. Most likely the perfect answer will be in form of a keyword for ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Functional equation or analytic continuation of certain approximations to $\zeta^z(s)$?

Let $z$ be a complex number and $\omega(n)$ denote the number of distinct prime factors of the natural number $n$. I am considering the arithmetic functions $|\mu(n)|z^{\omega(n)}$ and their ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Questions about holomorphy and zeros of the symmetric power $L$-function

Let $f$ be a primitive form of an even weight $k$ for the full modular group and let $L(Sym^rf,s)$ be the symmetric $r$th $(r\geq 2)$ power $L$-function associated to $f.$ I have three questions ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Sums of reciprocals involving divisor sums

This question was asked at MSE but never received an answer.
Let $A\subset\mathbb{N}$ be a subset of the natural numbers, and let $\sigma(n)$
denote the sum of divisors of $n$. Recall that we have ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

107 views

### Need an explanation of a deduction

When I was reading the paper of Winfried Kohnen, Yuk-Kam Lau and Igore E. Shparlinski (ON THE NUMBER OF SIGN CHANGES OF HECKE EIGENVALUES OF NEWFORMS), I found this result (which is Theorem 2 of the ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

447 views

### Number of distinct factors

Denote $\omega(m)$ to be number of distinct factors of $m$ as defined in http://mathworld.wolfram.com/DistinctPrimeFactors.html.
At every $c>0$, given $n\in\Bbb N$ define $$S(n,c)=\big\{m\in\Bbb ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Question about sign change of Hecke eigenvalues

I want to write a survey on the subject 'Sign changes for coefficients of symmetric power $L$-functions'. So, I browse the Web and I got some papers. I read it and I gave special interest to the paper ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

279 views

### Trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are simple

The trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are located on $-2\mathbb N^*$ and they are simple. It is not difficult to see that, but the proof I have in mind is using the fact that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Numerically double-checking formula with L-values

I'm working with a special case of Ichino's triple product formula, which for classical holomorphic newforms $f$, $g$ ,$h$ of weights $k$, $m-k$, $m$ (and central characters satisfying $\chi_f \chi_g ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Bounded gaps between primes in arithmetic progressions

Has Zhang's work on bounded gaps between primes been extended to the following theorem?
For any arithmetic progression $an+b,\gcd(a,b)=1$, there is a constant $H$ (depending only on $a$) such that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### Question about mean square estimate for sums of Dirichlet coefficients of Symmetric Power $L$-functions

I have a question related to Coefficients of Symmetric power $L$-functions and I would be grateful if you could answer it.
Let $\lambda_{Sym^rf}(n)$ be the $n$th Dirichlet coefficient of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### A question about $(0,1]$-valued multiplicative functions

Suppose $f:\mathbb{N}\to [0,1]$ is a multiplicative function (i.e. $f(nm)=f(n)f(m)$ whenever $m$ and $n$ are coprime). Suppose $f$ has non-zero mean, which means
$$
\lim_{N\to\infty}\frac{1}{N} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### On Heath-Brown's “Prime twins and Siegel zeros”

With a graduate student, I'm going through the paper (Proc. London Math. Soc. (3) 47 (1983), no. 2, 193–224.) We are quite baffled by the proof of Lemma 3 on p. 198.
Here's the background and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### Question about expression of a sum of two Hecke eigenvalues

I did some computations but I am stuck in finding the exression of the sum
$$\lambda_f(n^2)+\lambda_f(n)^2 $$ in terms of $\lambda_f(n),$ where $f$ is a modular form for the full modular group. Any ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Discussion for the sign of a specific sum

Given a modular form $f$ of an even weight $k$ for the full modular group. Let $\lambda_f(n)$ the $n$-th normalized Fourier coefficient of $f.$ For a fixed positive integers $a$ and $b,$
I want to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Expression of a sum of Hecke eigenvalues in terms of one Hecke eigenvalue

Let $f$ be a modular form of an even weight $k$ over the modular group $SL_2(Z).$ Denote $\lambda_f(n)$ the $n$-th normalized Fourier coefficient of $f.$ I am doing some calculations and I am stack in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Explicit formula for the product of three Hecke eigenvalues

I am interested in Hecke eigenvalues $\lambda_f(n)$ which are normalized Fourier coefficients of modular forms of an even weight $k$ for the full modular group. I often know that these coefficients ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

387 views

### Polynomials vanishing modulo some integer $n$

It is well-known that a polynomial $q \in \mathbb Z[t]$ vanishes modulo $p$ only if it lies in the ideal $J_p$ generated by $p$ and $t^p-t$. This means that either the degree is large (at least $p$) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

459 views

### Are there effective small intervals in which primes are dense?

As mentioned in Terry Tao's comment to this question, it is constructively known
that there are primes between sufficiently large cubes. $\:$ According to wikipedia,
"there exists a constant $\: ...