A beautiful blending of real/complex analysis with number theory. The study involves distribution of prime numbers and other problems and helps giving asymptotic estimates to these.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
181 views

Zeta functions versus Cramer's conjecture

A mathematics professor today asked me if Cramer's conjecture on prime gaps has anything to do with Riemann Zeta function. I did not know but my guess was somehow Cramer's conjecture captures local ...
7
votes
1answer
342 views

Regularized sums of Mobius sequence

Do $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n/s}$ and $\lim_{s \rightarrow \infty} \sum_{n \geq 1} \mu(n) e^{-n^2/s^2}$ both equal $-2$? Experimentally this seems plausible (up through ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

Symmetry type of non-cohomological automorphic forms

By Katz-Sarnak philosophy a family of $L$-functions would have a symmetry type which would reflect the statistics of $L$-functions, such as low lying zeros and moments. Shin-Templier's paper on ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Averages of $L(s,\chi)$

Let $(\frac{m}{n})$ denote the usual quadratic Jacobi symbol. What is the abscissa of convergence of the double Dirichlet series ? $$ \sum_{\substack{m,n \in \mathbb{N} \\ \gcd(m,n)=1 \\m,n\equiv 1 ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$

I want to prove that $\forall n \in \mathbb{N}$ at least one of the Fourier coefficients of $f(t)=(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2\pi im^4t})(\sum_{m=0}^{+\infty}e^{2 \pi inm^4t})$ is striclty greater than ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Best constant for Maier's theorem?

Maier proved that, for fixed $\lambda>1,$ $$ \limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda x)-\pi(x)}{\log^{\lambda-1}x}>1 $$ and in particular $$ \limsup_{x\to\infty}\frac{\pi(x+\log^\lambda ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Euler product approximation for semiprimes

It seems that \begin{align} &\prod_{\Omega(n)=2}^{}\dfrac{1}{1 - n^{-s}}\approx\zeta (s)\exp \left(P(s)^2/2-P(s)\right)\\ \end{align} where $P(s)$ is the prime zeta function, $\Omega(n)$ is the ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Can we extend the twisted Poisson Summation formula with functions having a singularity in zero?

The following "twisted" Poisson Summation formula for $\chi$ primitive of conductor $q$ : $$ \sum_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}\chi(n)f\left(\frac{nx}{\sqrt{q}}\right) = ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Distribution of Fourier coefficients of Maass forms

In the sense of Maass an automorphic function $\phi$ with Laplace-Beltrami eigenvalue $\frac{(d-1)^2}{4}+t^2$ on $d$-dimensional hyperbolic space which can be thought as ...
10
votes
0answers
699 views

Primes and Parity

This problem is motivated by the polymath4 project. There, the aim was to find an efficient deterministic algorithm for finding a prime larger than $N$. The hope was to find a polynomial algorithm in ...
4
votes
0answers
249 views

Is there a hidden symmetry in the prime numbers distribution?

Under Goldbach's conjecture, let's consider once again the map $r_0\colon n\mapsto r_{0}(n)$ such that $r_{0}(n)$ is the smallest non negative integer $r$ such that both $n-r$ and $n+r$ are prime. ...
10
votes
2answers
218 views

Vanishing of certain periodic series: A question related to $L(1 , \chi) \neq 0$.

Fix $q$ to be a positive integer. Let $$f : \mathbb{N} \to \{-1 ,0, 1\}$$ be a $q$-periodic arithmetic function such that $$\sum_{n = 1}^q f(n) = 0.$$ If $f$ is not identically zero, is it true that ...
1
vote
2answers
568 views

Has this formula about prime gaps already been conjectured and/or proven?

While playing around with prime gaps, I found out that the following formula seems to be a rather good approximation of the ratio $\dfrac{p_{b}-p_{a}}{b-a}$ where $a<b$ are positive integers: ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

Prime Number Theorem on APs under various conjectures

I'm trying to find the best asymptotic expansions for $\pi(x; a, q)$ in various states: Unconditionally we have \begin{equation} \pi(x; a, q) = \frac{\operatorname{li(x)}}{\phi(q)} + O\left(x ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

Does the proportion of non trivial zeroes of given real part increase on [0,1/2] for all L-functions?

Here what I call an L-function is either an element of the Selberg class or an automorphic L-function. For such a function $F$, $x\in [0,1/2]$ and $T\gt 0$, let's define $\delta_{F,T}(x)$ such that ...
2
votes
1answer
909 views

Why Riemann Hypothesis so important [closed]

I am often hearing people emphasized how important the RH is,one of them said that it should lead to an efficient way of determining whether a given large number is prime,and the other said,RH would ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

Error term for prime harmonic

What is known about the asymptotic behavior of $$ f(x)=\sum_{p\le x}\frac1p-\log\log x-B_1? $$ Of course by Mertens we know that $f(x)=o(1),$ but has more been proved (in terms of $O$ or ...
4
votes
0answers
163 views

What will be the consequences if second Hardy-Littlewood conjecture turns out to be true?

It is generally believed that the Second Hardy-Littlewood Conjecture is false. But it has not been proved (or disproved) yet. My question is, What would be the consequences if Second ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Generalized Dedekind Sum Reciprocity Law

Is there a reciprocity law for generalized Dedekind sums of the form: $$S(a,b;x,y;c)=\sum_{k \mod c}\tilde{B}_1\left(\frac{ak+x}{c}\right)\tilde{B}_1\left(\frac{bk+y}{c}\right)$$ such that the other ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Abscissa of absolute convergence of the product of two Dirichlet series

I first asked the following question on Mathematics StackExchange (a few weeks ago), since the content of MathOverflow is mostly above my academic level. I didn't want to bother people on this forum ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Bombieri-Vinogradov in short intervals

In 1985 Perelli, Pintz & Salerno proved a short-interval form of the Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem with $\theta \in (7/12, 1]$. Have there been any improvements on this, in particular with the ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

When is $\vartheta(x)>x$? [Skewes number analog]

Let $\vartheta(x)=\sum_{p\le x}\log p$. What is known about the first time $\vartheta(x)>x?$ Bays & Hudson give good upper bounds (slightly improved by Chao & Plymen) on the first crossing ...
5
votes
0answers
625 views

Zeta function double product

Is it possible to write the following double product in terms of the zeta function? \begin{align} &\prod_{i=1}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1-(p_i\ p_j)^{-s}} \end{align} Extending the ...
4
votes
0answers
132 views

The divisors of $p-1$ and high-degree residues modulo $p$

Here is a somewhat more explicit version of a question that I asked a while ago. Suppose that $p$ is a prime of the form $p=2n(n+1)+1$, with a positive integer $n$. Can every odd prime divisor of ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Residues and values of Riemann Zeta function at some points

I need the following computational results for proving something. Let $1/2 + i\gamma_0$, be the first nontrivial zero of Riemann zeta function, $\zeta(s)$, i.e. $\gamma_0\sim 14.134...$. 1) what is ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Bounds on imaginary parts of partial Kloosterman sums?

For a prime $p$ and integers $a,m$, $0<a,m<p$ define the (partial Kloosterman) sum $$ S_p(a,m) = \sum_{0<k<m} \exp\left(\frac{2\pi\mathrm{i}}{p}(a x + x^{-1})\right), $$ where $x^{-1}$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

References to proofs of upper and lower bounds on the number of coprimes in an interval?

On the first page of the article "When the sieve works", the authors present upper and lower bounds for $S(T,T+x;\mathcal{E})$; the number of integers in the interval $(T,T+x]$ that are coprime to all ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

Siegel Walfisz Theorem for algebraic number fields

Is there a generalization of the Siegel Walfisz to algebraic number fields? This has been done for the prime number theorem in the prime ideal theorem.
0
votes
0answers
106 views

A question about the duality principle

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are finite sets and $K:X\times Y\to \mathbb R$ is some function. We get an integral transform from the space of real functions on $X$ to real functions on $Y$ given by ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

number of divisors

Let $d(n,Q)$ denote the number of divisors of $n$ that is smaller than $Q$. Let $D(n,Q)$ denote the number of positive integers smaller than $Q$ that has the same prime factors with $n$. My question ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Oscillatory integral moments of $L(\frac{1}{2} + it, f \times f)$

Understanding moments and subconvexity bounds for $L$-functions is a big topic with a lot of activity. I'm currently looking at a related problem, bounding $$ \int_0^T L\left(\tfrac{1}{2} + it, f ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

Voronoi formula and twists by additive characters

I was wondering if there are any references for the error term in the problem $$\sum_{n\leq x} r(n) \exp(2\pi i\frac{a}{q}n)$$ where $r(n)$ is the number of representations of $n$ as a sum of two ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Bound for sums of bounded multiplicative functions that are zero at primes

Let $h:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be a bounded multiplicative function with $h(p)=0$. The motivation for this question is just a general enquiry and, since I suppose it has already been ...
7
votes
0answers
264 views

Lindelof Hypothesis implying Selberg Eigenvalue Conjecture?

(General) Lindelof Hypothesis which says for any $L$-function we have $$L(1/2+it)\ll Q(t)^{\epsilon}$$ for any $\epsilon>0$ where $Q(t)$ is the conductor of $L(s)$ at $t$. For a Maass form $\phi$ ...
6
votes
1answer
150 views

Computing certain integrals over high-dimensional polyhedra

Let $\delta>0$ be a small real number and consider the $k$-dimensional region consisting of points for which $$\delta\leq x_1\leq x_2\leq\ldots \leq x_k$$ and $$x_1+\ldots+x_k\leq 1.$$ I am ...
3
votes
0answers
121 views

Computing local volumes : the case of Hecke p-adic subgroups

I am quite interested in knowing how to compute some volumes of groups defined on local fields $K$, mainly in order to evaluate the identity term in trace formulas. It is something well done in the ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Asymptotic behaviour of $K$-Bessel function in transition range

It is known that the famous mistake of Iwaniec-Sarnak in their paper of $L^\infty$ norm of eigenfucntion of non-cocompact arithmetic surfaces in lemma (A1) is because of they did not consider the bump ...
10
votes
1answer
410 views

Parity of the Prime Counting Function

I am interested in the distribution of the parity of $\pi(x)$, the prime counting function, over the natural numbers. Let: $\ \ E_n := \left\{ k \in \left\{1,\dots,n\right\} : \pi(k) \equiv 0 \mod 2 ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

A conjectural convergence condition for a weakened Elliott-Halberstam conjecture

For $a$ and $q$ positive integers such that $a\lt q$ and $(a,q)=1$, let $\pi(x;q,a)$ be the number of primes $p\equiv a\pmod q$ below $x$. One can show that $\pi(x;q,a)\sim \dfrac{\pi(x)}{\varphi(q)}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
268 views

Is there a formula that can predict the primes in the sequence of ratios of consecutive superior highly composite numbers? : $2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 3, 7,…$

This is the sequence of prime numbers which are the elementary building blocks for the superior highly composite numbers: $2, 3, 2, 5, 2, 3, 7, 2, 11, 13, 2, 3, 5, 17, 19, 2, 23, ...$ The $n^{th}$ ...
3
votes
0answers
161 views

Effective version of the Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem

Is there an effective version of the Bombieri-Vinogradov Theorem, in that have bounds on the implied constant been found?
7
votes
1answer
901 views

What would be the consequences of $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log k}$?

The question is in the title: what would be the number theoretic consequences if we managed to establish the conjectured asymptotic equality $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

A lower bound on the $L^2$ norm of a Dirichlet polynomial

The Question. Suppose $0 < \alpha < \beta$ are fixed, and $a_n$ is an arbitrary sequence of real numbers. Is it known how to bound from below \begin{equation*} \int_0^{T} \Big| \sum_{\alpha T ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

trigonometric sum and inequalities

let $x\in\mathbb{R}-\mathbb{Z}$ and $e(x)=e^{2\pi ix}$. If we have this sum $$\left|\overset{q}{\underset{h=1}{\sum}^{*}}e\left(h\, x\right)\underset{\underset{p\equiv h\,\textrm{mod}\, q}{p\leq ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

The sixth power integral moment of automorphic L-function attached to Maass Forms

It is known that the sixth power integral moment of automorphic L-function attached to Cusp Forms has been proved by M. Jutila, that is $\int_{0}^{T}|L(1/2+it,f)|^{6}dt \ll T^{2+\varepsilon}$. And ...
5
votes
1answer
273 views

What does the sum of the reciprocals of all the highly composite numbers converge to?

I've calculated the sum of the reciprocals of all the $156$ first highly composite numbers up to $10^{18}$: $\sum \dfrac{1}{HCC(n)} = \dfrac{1}{2} + \dfrac{1}{4} + \dfrac{1}{6} + \dfrac{1}{12} + ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

The behavior of series involving special subsets of the prime numbers

It is well known that the series $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P}} \frac{1}{p}$ diverges where $\mathbb{P}$ denotes the set of primes. Brun proved that $\sum_{p\in \mathbb{P_2}} \frac{1}{p}$ converges where $ ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Lower bound of first moment of $L$-function on $\mathrm{GL}(3)$

Let $\pi$ be an automorphic form on $\mathrm{GL}(3,\mathbb{A}_{\mathbb{Q}})$. Do we know any case that \[\int_0^{T} \left|L(\frac{1}{2} + it, \pi)\right| dt \gg T\] holds unconditionally? I know the ...
3
votes
2answers
234 views

Inequality for an integral involving $ \exp $, $ \sin $ and $ \cos $

Let $ t > 0 $ and $ k \in \{ 0,1,2,\ldots \} $. Does the following inequality hold? $$ \int_{k + 1/2}^{k + 3/2} \frac{x \sin(2 \pi x)}{1 + 2 e^{2 \pi t} \cos(2 \pi x) + e^{4 \pi t}} ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Some computational results on Hurwitz zeta function and questions

Let \begin{equation} \zeta(\sigma - it, a) := \sum_{m \geq 1} \frac{1}{(m + a)^{\sigma - i t}}, \quad \text{Re}(s) > 1. \end{equation} When arg a > 0 and $t \to + \infty$, $|\zeta(\sigma - it, ...