**-2**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Linear forms that avoid numbers with lot of factors

Is following true?
For every given $c>0$ there is an $n_c>0$ such that for every $n>n_c$ there are integers $n<a,b<2n$ such that there are two positive integers $\frac{n}{2(\log ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Goldbach for certain classes of $n$

Asked on MSE without response here.
$\#$ of ways even $n$ can be represented by prime additions is heareafter denoted $G(n)$.
The Wiki article on the Goldbach conjecture states that
In 1975, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### On the number of divisors in a given range

Given $\alpha\in\Bbb N$, can there be more than $(\log N)^4$ divisors (composites allowed) of $N$ in $\big[\frac\alpha2,\alpha\big]$ when $\sqrt N\in\big[\frac\alpha2,\alpha\big]$?
What is the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

28 views

### Voronoi-type summation formula for coefficients of symmetric square $L$-functions

given a primitive form $f$ for the full modular group $SL_2(Z)$ and $\lambda_f(n)$ be the $n$th Hecke eigenvalue. Various Voronoi-type formulas are fulfilled by these coefficients and there are ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Integrating a series expansion of $\mbox{frac}(x)\lfloor x\rfloor$ coming from Fourier series of sawtooth function

Let me preface this question by saying that I am not exactly sure it counts as research level. It is crossposted on mathstackexchange: ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Bounds on the number of zeros of a quadratic form

Let $Q(x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a non-degenerate indefinite quadratic form with integer coefficients. Let $N(Q,T)$ be the set of vectors $x=(x_1, \dots, x_n) \in {\mathbb Z}^n$ such that $|x|<T$ and ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### Primes $P_{2n-1}$ that are $2$ mod $3$

Are infinitely many primes $P_{2n-1}$ expressible as $3k-1$?
The primes $P_{2n-1}$ are every other prime beginning with $2$: $2,5,11,17,23,31,\cdots$. The first few are of the form $3k-1$, but $31$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Hecke characters and Conductors

Motivation: Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. There is a conductor-preserving correspondence between primitive Dirichlet characters of order $\ell$
and cyclic, degree $\ell$ number fields $K/\mathbb{Q}$.
...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

251 views

### No Siegel-Landau zeros for $\mathrm{GL}(n)$

The problem of non-existance of Siegel-Landau zeros seems to be uncharacteristically easier for cuspidal automorphic representations $\pi$ on $\mathrm{GL}(n)$ if $n\geq2$. We have in fact:
There ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Is the difference of these two real-rooted functions real-rooted?

During our on-going search of approximations to the Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function, we discovered a family of functions $W_n(z)$ as shown in (1).
Our final goal is to prove that:
Proposition 1: ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### The number of integral solutions to $x^2+y^2-az^2=0$

I think this must be well-known (and probably not hard to prove either), but I cannot find a reference: for a (positive) rational number $a$, the number of integral solutions to the equation
$$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Show the upper bound of cardinality of $A$ is $C\sqrt{n\log{n}}$

$\forall l,m,n\in \Bbb{Z_+}$, let $A:=\{k: m+1\leq k\leq m+n\text{ and }l-k^2\text{ is a square number}\}$.
Please prove that the number of elements in $A$ is not more than $C\sqrt{n\log n}$, where ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Estimates related to sum over a primes from a fixed, possibly sparse set

Let $E$ be a fixed infinite sequence of primes such that $\sum_{p \in E} \frac{1}{p} = \infty$. Assume that $\sigma > 1$ depends on some parameter $x \rightarrow \infty$ in such a way that $\sigma ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### How to prove twin prime conjecture or Goldbach conjecture if we assume prime distribution is completely random? [closed]

If we assume that prime number distribution is COMPLETELY random (subject to 1/log(x) restriction), can we prove twin prime conjecture or Goldbach conjecture ?
My feeling is that, this will be ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### The probability distribution of LCM of uniformly distributed integers in $\{1,\ldots,n\}$

In the recent paper by Fernandez and Fernandez here on ArXiv, the following formula which was first proved by Diaconis and Erdos appears, on page 2.
For $0<t\leq 1$ the distribution of the lcm of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

134 views

### What is the asymptotic growth rate of the product of divisor function up to n [duplicate]

This was asked in mathstackexchange (see here) but was not satisfactorily answered beyond my basic observations.
Let $\tau(k)$ be the number of divisors of the positive integer $k$.
How does ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

120 views

### How large can a subset of $\{1,\ldots,N\}$ be if all pairwise LCMs of its elements are lower bounded?

Consider the set $\{1,2,\ldots,N\}$. Let $LCM(a,a')$ denote the lowest common multiple of the integers $a,a'.$
We say that $A\subset \{1,2,\ldots,N\}$ is $M-$good if $LCM(a,a')\geq M,$ for all ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Estimates of a sum involving both the Möbius function and Mertens function

I want to ask on the estimates of the sum
$$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \mu(n)M\Big(\frac{x}{n}\Big)=\frac{1}{2\pi i }\int_{\gamma-i\infty}^{\gamma+i\infty}\frac{x^s}{s\zeta(s)^2}ds.$$
It seems that the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Primes in arithmetic progression with a moduli equal to a power of 2

I am currently looking for a result stronger than Siegel-Walfisz theorem, which gives an upper bound on the error term $|\pi(x,a,b)-\frac{\pi(x)}{\phi(a)}|$ for particular $a$.
The Siegel Walfisz is ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

404 views

### Two Vinogradovs? Is one the son of the other? [closed]

Forgive me for my ignorance, but I'm very surprised to learn that there are two Vinogradovs, both famous in the field of analytic number theory. Guessing from their names and the Russian naming ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Upper bound for the first Hardy-Littlewood conjecture

About the Hardy-Littlewood conjecture by Terence Tao:
Conjecture 2 (Prime tuples conjecture, quantitative form) Let ${k_0 \geq 1}$ be a fixed natural number, and let ${{\mathcal H}}$ be a fixed ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

286 views

### How big can a set of integers be if all pairs have bounded gcd

In this recent MO question, it was shown that the maximal cardinality of a subset $A(M,N)$ of $[1,N]$ where the pairwise GCD's of all set elements are upper bounded by $M,$ with $M^2\leq N$ has size ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### infinite product of (1-1/(p+1)) over a density 0 set of primes

Let $S$ be a density zero set rational primes, in the concrete situation
$\#\{p<X,p\in S\}=\mathcal{O}(x/(\log x)^{3/2-\delta})$ for all $\delta>0$.
Then can $\prod_{p\in S}(1-\frac{1}{p+1})$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### About factorization in Zhang's proof of weak Twin Prime conjecture

Why does it need to firstly factorize the number n into two factors q and r( Lemma 4 in the paper,see the following)? What's the motivation. What if it doesn't do this factorization?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Sum of digits of a power [closed]

Are there any explicit formula for a sum of digits for a power in the given base? A problem to be specific: find a sum of digits for a number $2^{100}$ in the system with a base 5. In the system with ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

274 views

### Does theta(n)<n for all n imply the Riemann Hypothesis and/or vice versa?

I know that better and better bounds of the Chebyshev Theta and Psi functions are implied by knowing that the first (insert large number here) zeta zeroes lie on the Critical Line. These bounds, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### On sets of coprime numbers

We know that from prime number theorem that the number of primes below $n$ and above $\frac n2$ (denoted by $\pi_{n,\frac n2}$ is approximately $$\pi_{n,\frac n2}\approx\frac{n}{2\ln n}.$$
Denote by ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Upper bound for the exponent $\beta$ of the log in $p_{n+1}-p_{n}\ll \log^{\beta} p_{n}$

Assuming $\beta:=\inf\{C\mid p_{n+1}-p_{n}\ll\log^{C}p_{n}\}<\infty$, can we give an explicit upper bound for $\beta$ ?
Many thanks in advance.

**10**

votes

**1**answer

441 views

### How much can an Eisenstein series be truncated?

For ease of exposition, I will stick to the simplest case: consider the Eisenstein series for $SL_2(\bf R)$
$$E(z,s)=\sum_{\gamma\in P_{\bf Z}\backslash SL_2(\bf Z)}\text{Im}(\gamma ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

29 views

### On collision-free sets of residues of integers

Denote $\pi_m$ to be collection of primes in $[2^{m},2^{m+1}]$.
Denote $\psi_{n,m}$ to be collection of integers of form $ab$ where $a\in\pi_n$, $b\in\pi_m$.
Given $n,t\in\Bbb N$, what is the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### multiplicative functions of powers

Suppose I have a multiplicative function $f(n),$ and I want to understand the behavior of
$$
\sum_{n<x} f(n^k),
$$ for some integer $k.$ This seems like it should be easy (since the Dirichlet ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Fourier expansion of automorphic forms

we know that for $r \in \{1,2,3,4\},$ $\lambda_{Sym^rf}$ is an automorphic form (here $f$ is a modular form for the full modular group) and this fact is conjectured for $r\geq 5$ by Langlands and ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

636 views

### How big can a set of integers be if all pairs have small gcd?

Suppose $A\subset[1,N]$ is a set of integers. If for any distinct $a,b\in A$ we have $(a,b)\leq M$ then how big can $|A|$ be?
If $M=1$ then $|A|$ is at most $\pi(N)$ since the map $a\mapsto P_+(a)$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Effective bound of $L(1,\chi)$

Let $d$ be a fundamental discriminant and let $\chi$ be the associated primitive real character of modulus $\vert d \vert$. Assuming GRH, Littlewood proved that as $\vert d \vert$ grows large,
$$L(1, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Methods of variational calculus in analytic number theory

What methods of calculus of variations have been used in analytic number theory?
I mean do Hamilton-Jacobi theory of PDE found usage in analytic number theory, which raises yet another question has ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

180 views

### How to formalize the *loci of equal arg($\zeta(s)$)* (“isogones”) in the near of a nontrivial root

(This is an extension and specification of a question which I initially asked in MSE having now one comment (which I could not yet digest completely) and which I also detailed further (after working ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### $N_p := \text{card}\{(x, y, z, t) \in (\textbf{F}_p)^4 : ax^4 + by^4 + z^2 + t^2 = 0\}?$

Assume that $ab \neq 0$. What is $$N_p := \text{card}\{(x, y, z, t) \in (\textbf{F}_p)^4 : ax^4 + by^4 + z^2 + t^2 = 0\}?$$I need this result, but unfortunately I am not a number theorist. Could ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

149 views

### Values of the completed Riemann $\xi(1+it)$ for small t?

I'm editing this question heavily for clarity:
I am looking for methods to compute $\zeta(1+it)$, or the (partially) completed Riemann zeta function
$$\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)$$
along the line ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Bounding $\dfrac{r(x)}{\pi(x+r(x))-\pi(x-r(x))}$ with $1\ll r(x)\ll \log^{4}(x)$

I would like to know whether it is possible to obtain the bounds $\sqrt{r(x)}\ll k(x)\ll r(x)$ where $k(x)={\pi(x+r(x))-\pi(x-r(x))}$ and $1\ll r(x)\ll \log^{4}(x)$ and thus ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Another question on Heath-Brown's “Prime twins and Siegel zeros”

With a graduate student, I'm going through the paper (Proc. London Math. Soc. (3) 47 (1983), no. 2, 193–224.)
Here's the background and notation.
We have a quadratic character $\chi$ modulo $q$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Examples when one can use the the symmetric power $L$-functions to study topics related to the number theory

"The symmetric power $L$-functions are a powerful tool for studying algebraic or geometric objects through analytic methods." I read this sentence in the introduction of a Master thesis. I want to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Determining coefficients of a Dirichlet series based on values on a vertical line

Let us suppose we have a Dirichlet series
$$ D(s) = \sum_{n \geq 1} \frac{a(n)}{n^s},$$
and that we know the values of $D(\tfrac{1}{2} + im)$ for $m \in \mathbb{Z}$. Can we recover the coefficients ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Did Erdős prove there are two primes $4a+1, 4b+3$ between between $n$ and $2n$?

http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ChoquetTheory.html
Is the claim in the link true? Here's the reference given there:
https://www.renyi.hu/~p_erdos/1934-01.pdf
Erdős proved that there exist at least ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

489 views

### Quantitative and elementary proofs of the Prime Number Theorem

I would like to know two things: one, whether the best quantative bounds in the Prime Number Theorem are still basically those given by the Vinogradov-Korobov zero-free region? and two, whether there ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Average of Short Character Sum over All Dirichlet Characters Mod n

Cross-posted from M.SE.
Given $a,n$ coprime positive integers, let $L = \{(x,y)\in \mathbb{Z}^2, ax=y(n)\}$ be the lattice of all points satisfying $ax=y\pmod{n}$.
I want to find an ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Moments of completed L-functions?

This is a follow up question to this one.
It seems that results on moments of L-functions, that is, estimates for integrals of the form
$$\int^{T}_1|\zeta(\sigma+it)|^{2k}dt$$
are typically for the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Enumerating factors in intervals

Given $1<a<N-N^{1/\alpha}$ where $\alpha\geq2$, denote the number of distinct factors of $N$ in $[a,a+N^{1/\alpha}]$ as $\sigma_{0,a}(N,\alpha)$ denote ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### Green-Tao theorem for 1-central numbers

This question came to my mind this afternoon while trying to figure out a possible way to tackle de Polignac's conjecture, which states that every even positive integer can be written as the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Primes which have common difference

Given $m,n\in\Bbb N$, assume $2<p_1<\dots<p_n<m$ with each $p_i$ a prime. If $p_i$ are picked randomly, what is average and worst case $d\in2\Bbb N$ such that each of $$p_i+d$$ is a prime ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Primitive triples in a region [duplicate]

Are there at least $cn$ Pythagorean triples and at least $dn$ Primitive Pythagorean triples $(A,B,C)$ with $$2^{\frac n2}<A<2^{\frac n2+1}<2^n<B<C<2^{n+1}$$
with some fixed ...