The anabelian-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

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### Is $\mathcal M _{g,n}$ anabelian?

Are the moduli spaces $\mathcal M _{g,n}$ expected to be anabelian? Is there anything known in that direction?
Thank you very much for your help in any case!

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### Is the absolute Galois group of the rationals Hopfian?

Is every continuous epimorphism from the absolute Galois group of $\mathbb{Q}$ to itself injective?

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### abelian $\ell$-adic representations in $\widehat{SL(2,Z)}$

In Grothendieck's Esquisse he claims that the action of
$$\text{Gal}(\mathbb Q)\to\text{Out}(\pi_1(M_{1,1})=\text{Out}(\widehat{SL(2,Z)})$$
obtained from the homotopy exact sequence of the étale ...

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### Why is the section conjecture important?

As in the title, I want to know the reason for importance of the section conjecture. Of course, the statement of conjecture is important as itself, even I cannot fully grasp the soul of it. However, ...

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### Neukirch's papers and theorem

Have any of Neukirch's papers on anabelian geometry been translated? I'm mostly interested in:
Kennzeichnung der p-adischen und der endlichen algebraischen Zahlkörper (1969)
Kennzeichnung der ...

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### representation of algebraic fundamental group of projective line minus three point

everyone, I want to ask is there any result in the literature
similar to the following:
Let $ X=\mathbb{P}^1\backslash \{0,1,\infty\}$, then $X$ is defined over $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $X_{\mathbb{Q}}$ ...

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### Basics on anabelian geometry and Grothendieck's section conjecture

Even I can find similar questions and some answers on that questions, most of them are not quite unsatisfactory to me. Maybe this is a very stupid question, but there is no other place that I can ask ...

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### Field of definition of a finite etale cover of an anabelian curve

Let $X$ be an anabelian curve over a number field $K$ and let $p:Y\rightarrow X$ be a finite etale cover. Then is anything known (or has anything been conjectured) about the field of definition of ...

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### What conjectures in anabelian geometry are false?

Proving things suspected to be true in anabelian geometry is usually very hard. Maybe it is easier to disprove things suspected to be false?
In particular, I am interested in false generalizations of ...

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### discretifications of the fundamental group functor

Grothendieck calls a "discretification" of a profinite group $\hat G$, a
discrete group $G$ whose profinite completion is isomorphic to $\hat G$.
Does Grothendieck also define a notion of the ...

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### Why does the Section Conjecture exclude curves of genus 1?

Let $X$ be an integral proper normal curve over a (perfect) field $F$, of genus $\geq 2$. One variant of Grothendieck's "section conjecture" states that the sections $G_F \rightarrow \pi_1(X)$ of the ...

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### Why should the anabelian geometry conjectures be true?

I had probed friends of mine about Grothendieck's motivation for making the anabelian geometry conjectures, and they gave me the following explanation:
If $X$ is a hyperbolic curve over some field ...

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### Exotic automorphisms of the fundamental group of a curve?

A while back, J. Ellenberg brought the following problem to my attention.
If $G$ is a residually finite group, let $\widehat G$ be its profinite completion.
Let $S$ be a closed surface of genus $g ...