The amenability tag has no usage guidance.

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### Johnson's Theorem - Proof (Runde) Clarification

I am reading Runde's Lectures on Amenability. In the proof of Johnson's theorem where he proves "$L^{1}(G)$ is amenable Banach algebra implies $G$ is amenable" : he defines a $L^1(G)$ bimodule action ...

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### Finitely presented amenable LERF group which is not virtually solvable

Is there a group $G$ with the following properties?
Finitely presented
Amenable
Not virtually solvable
LERF (that is, every finitely generated subgroup is closed in the profinite topology on $G$).
...

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266 views

### Thompson group $V$

R. Thompson introduced three groups $F\subset T\subset V$. The question concerning amenability of $F$ is still unanswered and has attracted much attention. I have read that Thompson group $V$ contains ...

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262 views

### Are finitely generated amenable groups positively finitely generated?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group.
Is there a positive integer $n$ such that $n$ random elements of $G$ generate it with positive probability?
Being more formal, note that $G^n$ is ...

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59 views

### Almost invariance in compact quotients of locally compact groups

While trying to get an analogue of Weiss's monotiling result for amenable residually finite groups
in the topological setting, I face the following problem.
Let $G$ be a locally compact amenable ...

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144 views

### Averaging measurable functions over amenable group actions

Let $G$ be an amenable group acting on a space $X$.
Amenability means there is a $G$-invariant mean on $L^\infty(G,{\mathbf R})$.
Given a bounded function $f\colon X\to {\mathbf R}$ one can use the ...

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114 views

### Semi-simple Banach algebra

Is there an example of an unital commutative semi-simple Banach algebra which it is not amenable?

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### Infinite topological direct sum of amenable Banach algebra

Is an infinite topological direct sum of amenable Banach algebras amenable again?
Can you give me a good reference about this notion?
Thanks

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221 views

### Free actions of non-amenable groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact, second countable, non-amenable group, let $X$ be a Haudorff space that is not necessarily compact, and let $G \curvearrowright X$ be a topological action that is free (i....

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### Non-ergodic Dye Theorem for orbit equivalent automorphisms

The Dye Theorem states that any two free ergodic p.m.p automorphisms of a standard probability space are orbit-equivalent.
Question: Is there a version of the above theorem for non-ergodic ...

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153 views

### Can the Cesaro limit of a positive definite function be negative?

Let $G$ be a countable amenable group and $\gamma:G\to\mathbb{C}$ a positive (semi)definite function (i.e. such that $\gamma(g^{-1})=\overline{\gamma(g)}$ and
$$\sum_{g,h\in G}f(g)\overline{f(h)}\...

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347 views

### Does the Approximation Property (AP) pass to quotients by amenable subgroups?

Given a countable group $G$ with the AP, and an normal, amenable subgroup $N$ of $G$, does $G/N$ have the AP?
In particular, does there exist a group $G$ with the AP and a surjective group ...

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253 views

### Can the full and reduced group $C^*$-algebras be “noncanonically” isomorphic?

Is there a locally compact group $G$ such that the canonical map from $C^{*}(G)$ to $C^{*}_{red} G$ is not isomorphism, hence $G$ is not amenable but these two $C^{*}$ algebras are isomorphic ...

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288 views

### Characterizing residually amenable groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. The amenability of $G$ is equivalent to the existence of a certain "weak measure" on $G$. Is there such a characterization for residually amenable groups as well?...

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801 views

### What makes the amenability of Thompsons group $F$ such a tricky problem?

An open problem that seems to get a lot of attention every once in a while is the amenability of Thompsons group $F$.
The problem seems to generate both proofs and disproofs at a fairly high rate, ...

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97 views

### Actions of amenable groups on graphs with uncountably many ends

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group acting transitively on an amenable Schreier graph $S$. Is it possible for $S$ to have uncountably many ends? An amenable graph with uncountably many ends ...

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253 views

### When does convolution preserve the `size' of a function?

For a positive function $f$ and positive measures $\mu, \nu$, does
$$\mu\ast f\leq \nu\ast f \Rightarrow \|\mu\|\leq \|\nu\|?$$
More details: Let $G$ be a locally compact group, $C(G)$ be the space ...

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166 views

### Infinite amenable group subfactors

Let amenable groups $\Gamma$ and $\Gamma'$. They act outerly of only one manner on the hyperfinite ${\rm II}_1$-factor $\mathcal{R}$.
Question: $(\mathcal{R} \subset \mathcal{R} \rtimes \Gamma) ...

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### ${\rm II}_1$-factors with finite commutant: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{C} \Rightarrow \mathcal{A}' \cap \mathcal{B}'$ hyperfinite?

Let $\mathcal{A} , \mathcal{B} \subset B(H)$ be ${\rm II}_1$-factors such that $\mathcal{A}', \mathcal{B}' $ are also a ${\rm II}_1$-factors.
Question: $\mathcal{A} \cap \mathcal{B} = \mathbb{...

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322 views

### Do quotients of amenable groups C*-algebras satisfy the UCT?

Let G be a discrete amenable group.
General Question: Let $J$ be an ideal of $C^*(G)$, the group C*-algebra of $G.$ Does $C^*(G)/J$ satisfy the universal
coefficient theorem (UCT)?
I am mainly ...

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223 views

### Without AC, which implications between the different definitions of amenability still hold?

More precisely, I would like to know which implications between the following definitions of amenability of a discrete countable (or even finitely generated) group can be proved to hold with only ZF (...

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### Is it compatible with ZF to assume that every amenable discrete group is finite?

The question is in the title, amenability being understood as the existence of a left-invariant finitely additive probability measure on the group of interest. The case of countable groups is treated ...

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### Is translation by the free group (in two generators) on a certain completion of the group an amenable action?

Let $\mathbb{F}_2 = \langle a,b\rangle$ be the free group in two generators $a,b$ and let $\alpha \in \text{End}(\mathbb{F}_2)$ be given by $\alpha(a) = a^2, \alpha(b)= b^2$. Note that the index $[\...

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167 views

### Amenability of the Koopman representation

Let $G$ be a locally compact group which acts non-singularly on a standard probability space $(X,\mu)$. Consider the Koopman representation $\pi_X:G\rightarrow U(L^2(X,\mu))$ defined by
$(\pi_X(g)\xi)(...

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321 views

### Finitely additive measures on $\mathbb Z_2^\omega$ with invariance and independence constraints

Let $G = \mathbb Z_2^\omega$, with pointwise addition. Assume the Axiom of Choice. I am interested in finitely additive probability measures $\mu$ defined on all of $\mathcal PG$ that can be ...

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### Amenability of $l^\infty$ [closed]

I'm working on the amenability of some Banach algebras, and I'm wondering why $l^\infty$ is amenable ? Does any one has any idea how to start ?
Thank you in advance.

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206 views

### Pointwise ergodic theorem for amenable semigroups

Using tempered Følner sequences one may show a pointwise ergodic theorem for amenable groups.
(see http://www.aimsciences.org/journals/pdfsnews.jsp?paperID=2413&mode=full)
Is there a ...

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185 views

### Do syndetic sets on amenable semigroups have positive upper density?

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a discrete amenable semigroup, and $\left\{ F_{n}\right\} $
a Folner sequence.
For $S\subset \mathbb{G}$ define the upper density as $D^{\ast
}(S)=\limsup_{n\rightarrow \infty }\...

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### Two kinds of invariance of full conditional probabilities

Given a field $F$ of subsets of $\Omega$, we can define full conditional probabilities to be a function $P:F\times (F-\{ \varnothing \}) \to [0,1]$ such that:
$P(-|B)$ is a finitely-additive ...

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### Estimates for simple random walks in groups of intermediate growth

I'm looking for references for the rate of escape and return probability for a group of intermediate growth.
Let $0<\alpha < 1$. If the volume growth is $\succeq \mathrm{exp}(n^\alpha)$, then (...

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### Relative amenability of subgroups

Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group and let $\Lambda_1,\Lambda_2<\Gamma$ be subgroups. We say that $\Lambda_1$ is amenable relative to $\Lambda_2$ if the action of $\Lambda_1$ on $\Gamma/\Lambda_2$ ...

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### Star-shaped Folner sequence

Fix a (finite) generating set $S$ for $\Gamma$ (discrete) amenable. Given a Følner sequence (i.e. a sequence of finite sets $F_n$ whose boundary $\partial F_n$ in the Cayley graph of $S$ is such that $...

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### Amenability of the pair $(GL(2,\mathbb{Q})^+,SL(2,\mathbb{Z}))$

I am trying to see whether the pair $(GL(2,\mathbb{Q})^+,SL(2,\mathbb{Z}))$ is amenable in the following sense:
Let $H$ be a closed subgroup of a locally compact group $G$. The pair $(G,H)$ is called ...

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### Proving amenability of an extension by using paradoxical decompositions

It is well known that an extension of an amenable group by an amenable group is amenable. Is it possible to prove that by using only paradoxical decompositions: if $G$ has a paradoxical decomposition ...

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### Does supramenability imply that $a+c=b+2c \Rightarrow a=b+c$ on the type semigroup?

Tarski proved that if a group $G$ is exponentially bounded, then for $a$, $b$ and $c$ in the associated (equidecomposability) type semigroup, we have $a+c=b+2c \Rightarrow a=b+c$.
Question: Can ...

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### A stronger version of supramenability?

A group $G$ is supramenable iff for all $\varnothing\ne A\subseteq G$ there is a finitely-additive left-$G$-invariant measure $\mu_A$ on $G$ with $\mu_A(A)=1$. I'm interested in a seemingly stronger ...

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### The approximation property of group C*-algebras

Let $G$ be a discrete group. Then the group C*-algebra $C^*(G)$ is nuclear if and only if $G$ is amenable. I am wondering whether nuclearity of $C^*(G)$ can fail for a Banach-space reason, namely due ...

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### Non-amenable groups with arbitrarily large Tarski number?

Just out of curiosity, I wonder whether there are non-amenable groups with arbitrarily large Tarski numbers. The Tarski number $\tau(G)$ of a discrete group $G$ is the smallest $n$ such that $G$ ...

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### Amenable normal closure

Prove or disprove:
Let $G$ be a countable group. Let $H < G$ be an amenable subgroup with a finite conjugacy class. Then the normal closure of $H$ is also amenable.
Thanks!

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### Characterization of amenable actions

Let $(X,\mu)$ be a $G$-space, i.e. a measure space with a Borel quasi-invariant $G$-action. Say that $X$ is amenable (equivalently, that the action is amenable) if there is a $G$-fixed point in every ...

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### Probabilities of a random walk exiting a set

Let $F$ be a finite connected set in a graph (soon to be the Cayley graph of a group) and $\mathrm{Ex}_x^F$ be the function on the vertices in $F^c$ which are neighbour to vertices in $F$ defined as ...

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### Cogrowth and value of its series at the critical exponent

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and write $G = F/N$ for $N$ a normal subgroup of a free group $F$. Let $S_n$ be the elements in $F$ written as words of exactly $n$ letters. So, for $n\geq 1$, $|...

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### Spectral synthesis for central functions on locally compact groups

There is a large literature on harmonic analysis on locally compact group, that
I am just beginning to discover. However I have not seen so far anything that emphasizes the central functions on $G$. A ...

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### Is the isomorphism problem for amenable groups decidable?

Is it algorithmically decidable if two finitely presented amenable groups are isomorphic?
Or slightly different:
Does there exist a family of amenable groups (indexed by natural numbers) for which ...

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### Existence of nice Folner sequences

I'm attempting a proof by induction and, for the inductive step, it would be very useful for me to have some control on a Folner sequence. Indeed, let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group, fix a ...

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### Cocycles for right- and left- regular representations on $\ell_2(G)$

Using the standard notation, let $\lambda_gf(x)=f(g^{-1}x)$ be the left regular representation and $\rho_gf(x)=f(xg)$ be the right regular one, acting on the space $V$ of complex-values functions on $...

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### Another question about amenability and Følner sequences

Følner's characterization of Amenability says that a group $G$ is amenable if there exists a directed set $(I,\leq)$ and a net {$F_i:i\in I$} of finite subsets of $G$ such that for every $γ ∈ G$,
$$\...

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### left- and right- Folner sets

Given an amenable group, it is a standard trick to turn a left-invariant mean ( i.e. a continuous positive normalised linear functional $m:\ell_\infty(G) \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\forall g \in G, m \...

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### The kernel of all invariant means

Let $G$ be discrete group which is amenable (i.e. it admits an left-invariant mean, i.e. a continuous positive normalised linear functional on $m:\ell^\infty(G) \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\forall g \...

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### Can invariant means be really considered as the generalization of the uniform measure?

I am writing a paper for game theorists where I use (countable) amenable groups to do some things. So I am writing up a preliminary section about countable amenable groups whose main purpose is to ...