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**22**

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685 views

### On certain representations of algebraic numbers in terms of trigonometric functions

Let's say that a real number has a simple trigonometric representation, if it can be represented as a product of zero or more rational powers of positive integers and zero or more (positive or ...

**20**

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392 views

### Decidability of equality of elementary expressions

In the following definition the term expression is to be understood as a finite tree built from formal symbols without any predefined meaning assigned to them.
Define the set $\mathcal{E}$ of ...

**13**

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2k views

### Minimum tiling of a rectangle by squares

Given the $n\times m$ rectangle, I want to compute the minimum number of integer-sided squares needed to tile it (possibly of different sizes).
Is there an efficient way to calculate this?

**12**

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339 views

### Best known constant for parallel sorting

I recently found myself talking about Szemerédi's mathematics, and briefly discussed his famous sorting network, discovered with Ajtai and Komlós. Apparently their algorithm is not practical because ...

**11**

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299 views

### Matroids with prescribed independent sets

Let $A$ be a finite set. Let $B$ be a family of subsets of $A$. We are interested in a matroid with a minimum rank such that every element of $B$ is independent. The answer is obvious - a uniform ...

**9**

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538 views

### Shortest path in Cayley graphs

The standard way to find the shortest path between 2 vertices, $v_1$ and $v_2$, of an undirected graph is BFS (breadth first search) which takes time $O(|E|)$ and space $O(|V|)$ (where $E$ is the set ...

**8**

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143 views

### Complete list of exceptions and efficient algorithm for Waring's problem

2 weeks ago, Samir Siksek http://arxiv.org/abs/1505.00647 proved more than 150-years-old conjecture that every positive integer other than 15, 22, 23, 50, 114, 167, 175, 186, 212, 231, 238, 239, 303, ...

**8**

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253 views

### Is it decidable whether a finite type scheme is proper?

Let $k$ be a field and let $X$ be a finite type scheme over $k$, explicitly given by finitely many affine patches which are $\mathrm{Spec}$ of finitely generated $k$-algebras, glued along other affine ...

**8**

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135 views

### Naive Reidemeister-Schreier for $\mathbb Z$ quotients

I have a question about a "standard" variant of the Reidemeister-Schreier algorithm used by topologists when manipulating manifolds they either know or suspect are fibre-bundles over $S^1$.
Say you ...

**8**

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**0**answers

634 views

### Recent Fast Multiplication Algorithms for Large Integers

The STOC 2008 paper "Fast Integer Multiplication using Modular Arithmetic" by De et al
http://arxiv.org/abs/0801.1416 shows how to use $p$-adic numbers instead of $\mathbb C$ used in Furer's ...

**8**

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115 views

### Disjoint Rooted Paths with Specified Patterns

Let $S:=$ { $s_i : i \in [k]$ } and $T:=$ { $t_i : i \in [k]$ } be disjoint subsets of vertices of a graph $G$. Furthermore, let $A$ be a subset of $S_k$ (the symmetric group on $[k]$). A set of ...

**7**

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158 views

### Is there an infinite increasing sequence of naturals for which Landau's function can be efficiently computed?

Landau's function
$g(n)$ is the largest order of an element of the symmetric group $S_n$.
Equivalently, $g(n)$ is the largest least common multiple (lcm) of any partition of $n$.
In general $g(n)$ is ...

**7**

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228 views

### Algorithms for computing the Resilience of Graphs

The definition of resilience with a graph $G$ w.r.t to a monotone property $\mathcal{P}$ is well known.
(Global resilience) Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an increasing monotone property. The global ...

**7**

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150 views

### How quickly can we test if a graph is distance-regular?

A (simple, finite, connected) graph $G$ is distance regular if there exist integers $b_i,c_i,i=0,...,D$ such that for any two vertices $x,y$ in $G$ and distance $i=d(x,y)$, there are exactly $c_i$ ...

**6**

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146 views

### Uniformly sampling from the set of all simplicial maps

Let $K$ and $L$ be finite simplicial complexes that remain fixed throughout.
How does one efficiently sample (according to the uniform distribution) elements from the finite set of simplicial ...

**6**

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655 views

### Is Logical Min-Cut Problem, NP-Complete?

Logical Min Cut (LMC) Problem: Suppose that G = (V, E) is an unweighted digraph, s,t are two vertices of V, and t is reachable from s. LMC Problem states that how we can make t unreachable from s by ...

**5**

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60 views

### Algorithm to express a point from a H-polyhedron as convex combination of extreme points

Let $P\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a convex polyhedron described as an intersection of hyperspaces, that is,
$$P:=\{\boldsymbol{x}: A\boldsymbol{x} \leq \boldsymbol{b}\}$$
Let $\boldsymbol{x} \in P$. We ...

**5**

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109 views

### Biggest (or large) rectangle in a polytope

I need an efficient method to construct a (hyper)rectangle inside a polytope with a lot of dimensions (say $100 < d < 1000$). Ideally I'd want the biggest possible rectangle, but as I don't ...

**5**

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82 views

### Diameter of the modified bubble-sort graph

The modified bubble-sort graph is the Cayley graph $Cay(S_n,S)$ of $S_n$ generated by $n$ cyclically adjacent transpositions. Thus $S = \{ (1,2),(2,3),\ldots,(n,1)\}$. I was wondering whether the ...

**5**

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162 views

### Is there a reasoned derivation of the coherence conditions for symmetric rig categories?

I know what the coherence conditions are, I can look them up in
M. Laplaza, Coherence for distributivity, Lecture Notes in Mathematics 281, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1972, pp. 29-72.
In theory, ...

**5**

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**0**answers

206 views

### When does a “stable” assignment of buyers into goods exist?

Consider a setting of $n$ buyers and $m$ goods.
We have a value matrix $V\in[0,1]^{n\times m}$ specifying how much each buyer values each good (everything is open information here and there is no ...

**5**

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234 views

### Find subset of collection of sets whose intersection has minimum average value

Let $a_1,\ldots,a_n>0$, and let $S_1,\ldots,S_d\subset\{1,\ldots,n\}$ (all non-empty).
For any $I\subseteq\{1,\ldots,d\}$, define $S(I)=\bigcap_{i\in I} S_i$.
Given some $1\leq s < d$, consider ...

**5**

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218 views

### Rigid-body matching algorithm and clustering algorithm with groups of lines in 3D

I've been struggling with this problem for weeks, and couldn't find an appropriate algorithm to solve it. Could you guys please give me some advices or suggestions in addressing this question. Or if ...

**5**

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177 views

### Differential operators that preserve real-rootedness

Is there some description of polynomial differential operators, $\mathcal{D}=\sum f_i(x) D_x^i$ such that, if $h$ is a polynomial all of whose roots are in $[0,1]$, then so are all the roots of ...

**5**

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247 views

### Testing isomorphism of finitely generated algebras

Let $A=\mathbf{Q}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be the polynomial ring in $n$ variables over the rational numbers. Let $B=\mathbf{Q}[f_1,\ldots,f_r]$ and
$C=\mathbf{Q}[g_1,\ldots,g_s]$ be two finitely generated ...

**4**

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103 views

+100

### Comparison of Constrained Optimization Methods

I am trying to solve a constrained optimization problem using filter methods and came across two papers on the topic that I am having some problems with. The original filter method paper is the ...

**4**

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41 views

### Digraph weak connectivity in $O(V)$ space and $O(V+E)$ time

A digraph is called weakly connected if its underlying undirected graph is connected.
You are given a digraph $G$ with $V$ vertices and $E$ edges as a read-only data structure consisting of lists of ...

**4**

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171 views

### What is the complexity of intersecting two matrix algebras over a finite field?

The following question arose in a joint project with Arkadius Kalka and Adi Ben-Zvi.
Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field, and $M_n(\mathbb{F})$ be the $n\times n$ matrices over $\mathbb{F}$.
For a ...

**4**

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151 views

### What is known about the complexity of this covering problem?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph. A vertex set $X\subseteq V$ is called critical if $X\neq\emptyset$ and no vertex in $V\setminus X$ is adjacent to exactly one vertex in $X$. The problem is to find a vertex ...

**4**

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197 views

### Navigation in a graph

The problem
Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph. $k = O\left(\log(|V|)\right)$ distinct vertices are picked randomly from $V$. We call the set of chosen $k$ vertices $T$.
Assumptions about the graph: You may ...

**4**

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127 views

### A question on hyperplanes in partial linear spaces and hypergraphs

A partial linear space (or a linear hypergraph) is a point line geometry $(P,L,I)$ where for every pair of points there is at most one line incident with both of them. A hyperplane in a partial linear ...

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107 views

### Generating random weak k-bounded reverse plane partitions

Fix a partition $\lambda$. A weak reverse plane partition of shape $\lambda$ is a filling $0\leq \pi_{ij}$ of $\lambda$ with $\pi_{ij}\leq \pi_{kl}$ whenever $i\leq k$ or $j\leq l$. Note that ...

**4**

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185 views

### Comparing different Euclidean algorithms on a Euclidean domain

I have posted this question at stackexchange (502413), without responses until now.
In the papers by T. Motzkin: The Euclidean Algorithm, Bull. AMS 55, 1949, pp. 1142--1146 and P. Samuel: About ...

**4**

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176 views

### Rough structure of the double coset space/Graph bijections up to automorphisms

I am dealing with bijective maps $\pi:\Gamma_1\to \Gamma_2$ between two graphs with the same number of vertices $N=O(10)$.
The graphs have a significant automorphism group (these are disconnected ...

**4**

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324 views

### Checking whether an element is in all inclusion-wise maximal common independent sets of two matroids

Given two matroids $M$ and $M'$ over the same universe $E$, and some element $x \in E$, I am interested in the importance of $x$ for the intersection (the common independent sets) of $M$ and $M'$.
It ...

**4**

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306 views

### Matching a binary matrix

Given a MxN 0-1 matrix D, with the property that
both M and N are odd numbers
its row sums and column sums in the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ field are all equal to the same number (0 or 1).
How do we find M ...

**4**

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220 views

### Domination in Nice Lattices

Let an integer vector be nice when it has only two nonzero components, which sum to zero. So (0, 0, 3, 0, -3) and (-1, 0, 1, 0, 0) are examples of nice vectors in $n=5$ dimensions.
Call a lattice ...

**4**

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**0**answers

310 views

### Can the Littlewood-Richardson cone be used for combinatorial optimization?

The Littlewood-Richardson cone $LR_{n, k}$ consists of all $k-$tuples $(a_1, a_2, \dots, a_k)$ of real $n-$vectors with monotonically decreasing entries such that there exist $k$ $n \times ...

**3**

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76 views

### Weighted Median Filtering

Let's begin with a little review of unweighted median filtering.
Suppose I have a list of $N$ real-valued numbers, $x=x_1,...,x_N$. Let $m_i$ be the median of $K$ consecutive values: $m_i=$ ...

**3**

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255 views

### What is God's number for the WrapSlide puzzle?

WrapSlide is a slide-puzzle (reminding of Rubik's Cube) consisting of a 6x6 grid of coloured tiles which are separated into four quadrants of 3x3 tiles. When it is unmixed all the tiles in a quadrant ...

**3**

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118 views

### Recognizing Simplicial (Quasi)Fibrations

Let's say we are given two finite simplicial complexes, which I will suggestively call $E$ and $B$. We'd like an algorithm for the following decision problem:
Does there exist a simplicial map ...

**3**

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148 views

### Algorithm to compute a common denominator of a finite set of rational numbers

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n \in \mathbb{Q} \cap (0,1)$ be fixed, but unknown, and assume that we know a number $K \in \mathbb{N}$ such that there is a number $N \in \{1,\dots,K\}$ such that $x_1 N,\dots,x_n N ...

**3**

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47 views

### Algorithm to construct metric space endomorphism with controlled square

Given a finite metric space $(M,d)$ with parameters $K \geq 1$ and $\epsilon > 0$, I'd like to algorithmically check for the existence of a non-identity map $\phi:M \to M$ which happens to be ...

**3**

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160 views

### What is the function like when its Mobius inversion is $\sum_{w|r, (w,t)=1}\mu(w)q^{r/w}$?

Everyone, I am now reading a paper named The Irreducible Factors of $(cx+d)x^{q^m}-(ax+b)$ over $GF(q)$, http://qjmath.oxfordjournals.org/content/14/1/61.extract. And I’m confused with one of its ...

**3**

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135 views

### On understanding Discrete-Valued Stochastic Processes( time series, panel data )

It seems to me that a significant proportion of work in probability theory, statistics and machine learning are on understanding continuous-valued, relatively weakly dependent, or linear dependent ...

**3**

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231 views

### Beating Kadane's Algorithm

I am seeking some reference on already existing work for the following problem.
Given an $n$-dimensional square matrix $A=DP$ where $D$ is a diagonal and $P$ is a permutation matrix (think of Gaussian ...

**3**

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237 views

### (Co)limit computations for diagrams of Vector Spaces

Fix a field $K$ and consider a finite directed graph $\Gamma$ where multiple edges between a pair of vertices are allowed so long as the total number of edges is finite. Associate to each vertex $v$ a ...

**3**

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275 views

### 3-SAT and a matrix of linear forms representing a non-degenerate matrix

This is a follow-up to the previous question on the same topic. Thanks to Emil Jeřábek I can now ask a more specific question.
As before, let $k$ be a field with $p$ elements. Consider the ...

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134 views

### A fast way to test whether a partial function can be extended to a chirotope of rank 3 ?

Hello,
What is a fast way to test whether a partial function can be extended to a chirotope of rank 3 ? That is: I have a domain
$E = \{1,...,n\}$
and a partial function
$f: E^3 \to \{-1, 0, 1\}$
...

**3**

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318 views

### Amortized analysis of data structure via potential function

One common method for proving that a data structure supports an operation in $O(f(n))$ amortized time is to construct a potential function $\Phi: \mathcal S \rightarrow \mathbf R^{+}$, which ...